CN203548195U - Fluid machine with rotating wheel double-vortex mechanism - Google Patents

Fluid machine with rotating wheel double-vortex mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203548195U
CN203548195U CN201320718494.8U CN201320718494U CN203548195U CN 203548195 U CN203548195 U CN 203548195U CN 201320718494 U CN201320718494 U CN 201320718494U CN 203548195 U CN203548195 U CN 203548195U
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runner
chamber
vortex
binary vortices
collar
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CN201320718494.8U
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周觉明
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周觉明
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a fluid machine with a rotating wheel double-vortex mechanism. The rotating wheel double-vortex mechanism (1) is a rotary-volume working mechanism and is divided into an annular double-vortex mechanism (50), an oval vortex mechanism (130) and an annular combination vortex mechanism (51) according to the molded line structures of an air cylinder (2); the rotating wheel double-vortex mechanism (1) consists of the air cylinder (2), a rotor and a sliding piece (4); the interior of the air cylinder (2) is divided into an inner vortex chamber (38) and an outer vortex chamber (39) by a rotating wheel sleeve ring (37) of the rotor (3); the sliding piece (4) is arranged in a sliding groove (26) of a sleeve ring (22) of the rotating wheel sleeve ring (37); the rotor (3) is rotated; the sliding piece (4) is moved reciprocally relatively in the sliding groove (26); meanwhile, the sliding piece (4) is rotated and works in the inner vortex chamber (38) and the outer vortex chamber (39) at the same time and is rolled or engaged in the air cylinder (2); the inner vortex chamber (38) and the outer vortex chamber (39) can be connected in series or in parallel according to work requirements to adapt to fluid mechanism with different working requirements.

Description

There is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of rotary displacement runner binary vortices mechanism that is applicable to fluid machinery and motor, relates to the machinery manufacturing technology field such as ventilator, pump, water turbine, oil hydraulic motor, pneumatic motor, compressor, expansion motive power machine, motor.
Background technique
At present for the slide plate circumnutation mechanism of volume fluid machine, there is little, the lightweight and volumetric efficiency advantages of higher of size, be widely used in the fluid machineries such as ventilator, pump, compressor, hydropneumatic motor; Slide plate circumnutation mechanism major defect is that the mechanical friction between slide plate and rotor, cylinder is more serious, thereby produces larger wearing and tearing and energy loss; In order to solve above deficiency, to be badly in need of between a kind of slide plate and cylinder rolling or gear motion, between slide plate and rotor, the less motion of friction substitutes existing slide plate circumnutation mechanism.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of runner binary vortices mechanism of rotary displacement as the operation mechanism of fluid machinery, be used for improving the item performance of ventilator, pump, hydraulic activator, water turbine, pneumatic motor, compressor, expansion motive power machine and the motor of fluid machinery technical field.
For achieving the above object, the technical measures of taking are: have the runner binary vortices mechanism of the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism, cylinder, rotor and slider, consist of; Cylinder is comprised of cylinder sleeve, central fixed shaft, cylinder cap and cylinder cap bearing support, and central fixed shaft and cylinder cap are fixed, and cylinder cap and cylinder cap bearing support are separately fixed at the two ends of cylinder sleeve.Runner binary vortices mechanism is divided into annular binary vortices mechanism, elliptical vortex mechanism and ring-shaped combination binary vortices mechanism by cylinder sleeve inner line structure; The inboard wall of cylinder liner face of annular binary vortices mechanism is cylindric wall, and the outer wall of central fixed shaft is cylindric wall, and this central fixed shaft is fixed on the central part of cylinder sleeve, and this stationary axle forms a horizontal circle annular cylinder sleeve chamber in cylinder interior.Rotor is comprised of the runner collar and transmission shaft, the collar of the runner collar is hollow and annular, one end of this collar is concentric fixing with the upper disk surface of runner dish, the lower card of runner dish is concentric fixing with transmission shaft, on the ring wall of the collar, have an above symmetrical sliding-groove, slider is housed in sliding-groove, and slider is divided into cylinder slider and two ends arc sliding part by shape difference; The cylinder wall of cylinder slider and slip wall touch scrolling or the slip of sliding-groove both sides, the upper disk surface contact slide of the bottom surface of cylinder slider and runner dish; The two ends cambered surface of two ends arc sliding part is concentric camber line, and left and right side is parallel to each other, and the left and right side of two ends arc sliding part and the slip wall of sliding-groove both sides be contact slide respectively; Slider height is slightly less than the height of annular cylinder liner chamber, and diameter is slightly less than the width of annular cylinder liner chamber; The runner collar of rotor is relatively eccentric, and to be arranged on the annular cylinder liner of cylinder sleeve indoor, the ring outer wall of rotaring wheeling sleeve ring set ring and the internal face of cylinder sleeve intermesh, the ring internal face of the collar and the outer wall of central fixed shaft are intermeshed, and the collar is divided into meniscate inside vortex chamber and outer vortex chamber by annular cylinder liner chamber.Slider in collar sliding-groove is separated into several not connected fan-shaped active chambers by inside vortex chamber and outer vortex chamber; Rotor rotates, and fan-shaped active chamber increases by element volume and dwindles repetitive process convection cell and carry out continuous transportation work.In inboard wall of cylinder cover face or central fixed shaft outer wall, have the interior suction passage and the interior discharge runner that communicate with inside vortex chamber, the internal face of cylinder sleeve or the internal face of cylinder cap have the outer suction passage and the outer discharge runner that communicate with outer vortex chamber; Slider rotates in vortex chamber and inside vortex chamber outside, vortex chamber and the indoor rotation of inside vortex outside simultaneously of two the first adjacent sliders and the second slider, the element volume of the outer fan-shaped active chamber of outer vortex chamber increases gradually, and the element volume of the indoor fan-shaped active chamber of inside vortex progressively dwindles.The outer wall surface cover of annular binary vortices mechanism central fixed shaft has rotary sleeve, and bearing member is equipped with in the inside of this rotary sleeve, and slider contacts with the outer wall of rotary sleeve, and during slider rotation, driven rotary cover rotates simultaneously; The inboard wall of cylinder liner face of annular binary vortices mechanism is equipped with rotating sleeve, between this rotating sleeve and internal face, bearing member is housed, and slider contacts with the inwall of rotating sleeve, and during slider rotation, rotating sleeve rotates simultaneously.The internal face of the cylinder sleeve of elliptical vortex mechanism is oval wall, the outer wall of central fixed shaft is oval outer wall, the central point of the oval central point of outer wall of this central fixed shaft and the oval wall of cylinder sleeve is in same point, and this central fixed shaft forms an oval cylinder sleeve chamber of waiting width in cylinder interior; It is indoor that the runner collar of rotor is arranged on the oval cylinder sleeve of cylinder sleeve, the oval wall of the ring outer wall of rotaring wheeling sleeve ring set ring and cylinder sleeve intermeshes, the ring internal face of the collar and the oval outer wall of central fixed shaft are intermeshed, and the collar is divided into two meniscate inside vortex chambers and two meniscate outer vortex chambers by oval cylinder sleeve chamber.The combination wall that the inboard wall of cylinder liner face of ring-shaped combination binary vortices mechanism is connected to form by isocentric circular arc wall and the eccentric arc wall of two decentraction forms, the isocentric circular arc wall center of circle of combination wall is concentric with the center of circle of cylinder cap, the outer wall of central fixed shaft is connected to form by concentric outer wall and eccentric outer wall, the center of circle of the concentric outer wall of this central fixed shaft is concentric with the isocentric circular arc wall of cylinder sleeve, the center of circle of the eccentric outer wall of this central fixed shaft is concentric with the eccentric arc wall of cylinder sleeve, distance between the concentric outer wall of this central fixed shaft and the isocentric circular arc wall of cylinder sleeve equals the distance between the eccentric outer wall of central fixed shaft and cylinder sleeve eccentric arc wall, this central fixed shaft forms a horizontal annular combination cylinder sleeve chamber of waiting width in cylinder interior.Rotor is comprised of the runner collar and transmission shaft, the collar of the runner collar is hollow and annular, one end of this collar is concentric fixing with the upper disk surface of runner dish, and the lower card of runner dish is concentric fixing with transmission shaft, has an above symmetrical sliding-groove on the ring wall of the collar; Slider is housed in sliding-groove, and slider is divided into cylinder slider and two ends arc sliding part by shape difference; The cylinder wall of cylinder slider and slip wall touch scrolling or the slip of sliding-groove both sides, the upper disk surface contact slide of the bottom surface of cylinder slider and runner dish; The two ends cambered surface of two ends arc sliding part is concentric camber line, and left and right side is parallel to each other, and the left and right side of two ends arc sliding part and the slip wall of sliding-groove both sides be contact slide respectively; Slider height is slightly less than the height of ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber, and diameter is slightly less than the width of ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber; It is indoor that the runner collar of rotor is arranged on the ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve of cylinder sleeve relatively with one heart, the ring outer wall of rotaring wheeling sleeve ring set ring and cylinder sleeve eccentric arc wall intermesh, the ring internal face of the collar intermeshes with the concentric outer wall of central fixed shaft, and the collar is divided into ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber inside vortex chamber and the outer ring vortex chamber of crescent shape.Slider in collar sliding-groove is separated into several not connected fan-shaped active chambers by inside vortex chamber and outer ring vortex chamber; Rotor rotates, and fan-shaped active chamber increases by element volume and dwindles repetitive process convection cell and carry out continuous transportation work; In inboard wall of cylinder cover face or central fixed shaft outer wall, have the interior suction passage and the interior discharge runner that communicate with inside vortex chamber, the internal face of cylinder sleeve or the internal face of cylinder cap have the outer suction passage and the outer discharge runner that communicate with outer vortex chamber; Ring whirl chamber and the indoor rotation of inside vortex outside simultaneously of two the first adjacent sliders and the second slider, the outer ring vortex chamber outward element volume of fan-shaped active chamber increases gradually, and the element volume of the indoor fan-shaped active chamber of inside vortex progressively dwindles; Outer fan-shaped active chamber communicates with outer suction passage, the element volume of outer fan-shaped active chamber increases gradually, fluid enters in outer fan-shaped active chamber from outer suction passage, the first slider and the second slider in outer shroud vortex chamber simultaneously with the concentric outer wall contact slide of cylinder sleeve, this outer fan-shaped active chamber is realized isometric(al) and is carried.The one or both ends of rotor transmission shaft adopt bearings to rotate, and transmission shaft is through stuffing box bearing part in cylinder cap bearing support or the stuffing box bearing part inside of cylinder cap; Rotor transmission shaft one end adopts bearings to rotate, the other end adopts rotaring wheeling sleeve collar bearing support rotating, the bearing block set of rotor collar front end interfixes with the stuffing box bearing part being arranged on central fixed shaft eccentric body shaft, the reel of the eccentric body shaft of central fixed shaft is enclosed within rotor collar inside, reel and the motive sealing of collar inwall Concentric rotation.More than one runner binary vortices mechanism is mutually connected in series and forms a runner binary vortices combined mechanism, and the more than one runner cover plate of this runner binary vortices combined mechanism is fixed on series operation on same transmission shaft; Two double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanisms of composition of runner binary vortices mechanism, on a transmission shaft of this double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism, string has two runner collars and the runner collar, the right wheel disk of the left wheel disk of the runner collar and the runner collar interfixes and forms a double-wheel-disc, this double-wheel-disc is separated into left cylinder sleeve chamber and right cylinder sleeve chamber by the cylinder sleeve chamber of double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism, the left wheel disk of this double-wheel-disc is arranged on left cylinder sleeve chamber interior, and right wheel disk is arranged on right cylinder sleeve chamber interior.
The present invention is further improved, and the measure of taking is: in order to make slider at cylinder interior gear motion, eliminate wearing and tearing and friction phenomenon, the slider of annular binary vortices mechanism is combined by more than one sliding ring type slider; Sliding ring type slider is comprised of blade, slip ring sleeve, stuffing box bearing part, stuffing box bearing part is arranged on the inside of slip ring sleeve, the outer wall of slip ring sleeve is cylindric, stationary plane and the slip ring sleeve outer wall of blade concavity shape end face interfix, blade concavity shape end face is fixed with the slip ring sleeve that one or more external diameters are equal, stuffing box bearing part in sliding sleeve ring is fixed in central fixed shaft, the outer wall of several slip ring sleeves is combined into a rotation wall, and in same central fixed shaft, string has several sliding ring type sliders; The arc end face Surface of action of blade engages dynamic-sealing rotary with rotation wall, and the front-end face of blade engages dynamic-sealing rotary with the cylindric wall of cylinder sleeve; The collar of rotor has curve bath, this curve bath bottom, and bearing support is equipped with in the inside of runner dish, this curve bath top, bearing support is equipped with in collar bearing block set inside; The inside of curve bath is equipped with and is turned to slider, turn to the one or both ends of slider that rotating shaft and back-up ring are housed, stuffing box bearing part is housed in rotating shaft, stuffing box bearing part is arranged in bearing support, turn to the left curved wall of slider to engage rotation with the arc wall of curve bath respectively with right curved wall, turn to the bull stick of slider and the wall thickness of the collar to equate with radian, have sliding-groove on bull stick, blade is through in the sliding-groove of bull stick; Rotor rotates, and the slider that turns on the runner collar rotates together with the collar, in bull stick sliding-groove, sliding bearing is housed; The runner collar of rotor and the rotation of sliding ring type slider decentraction, blade to-and-fro motion in the sliding-groove that turns to slider bull stick, turns to slider along with blade rotary changes to rotate relative to eccentric angle, to adjust angle in curve bath.
The present invention is further improved, the measure of taking is: have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas transportation work, the inside vortex chamber of runner binary vortices ventilator and outer vortex chamber carry out conveying gas body running simultaneously, the interior suction passage of inside vortex chamber and the outer suction passage of outer vortex chamber are connected with air intake pipe, and the outer discharge runner of the interior discharge runner of inside vortex chamber and outer vortex chamber is connected with air outlet tube; Outer vortex chamber carries out conveying gas body running, cooling and lubricating work is carried out in inside vortex chamber, the outer suction passage of outer vortex chamber is connected with air intake pipe, outer discharge runner is connected with air outlet tube, the interior suction passage of inside vortex chamber is equipped with cooling air intake pipe and lubricant pipe, interior exhaust port is equipped with Oil-gas Separation filter, and lubricant pipe is connected with the oil outlet of Oil-gas Separation filter, and cooling air outlet tube is fixedly connected with the exhaust outlet of Oil-gas Separation filter.
The present invention is further improved, the measure of taking is: have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for liquid transportation work, the inside vortex chamber of runner binary vortices pump and outer vortex chamber carry out conveying liquid body running simultaneously, the interior suction passage of the inside vortex chamber of runner binary vortices pump and the outer suction passage of outer vortex chamber are connected with intake pipe, and the outer discharge runner of the interior discharge runner of inside vortex chamber and outer vortex chamber is connected with outlet pipe; Runner binary vortices pump is for the high-lift transportation work of liquid, and runner vortex pump adopts double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism's two-stage series connection or the work of runner binary vortices combined mechanism plural serial stage.
The present invention is further improved, the measure of taking is: have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for hydro powered work, the interior suction passage of the inside vortex chamber of runner binary vortices water turbine and the outer suction passage of outer vortex chamber are connected with intake pipe, and the outer discharge runner of the interior discharge runner of inside vortex chamber and outer vortex chamber is connected with outlet pipe.
The present invention is further improved, the measure of taking is: have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for hydraulic driving work, interior suction passage and the outer suction passage of runner binary vortices oil hydraulic motor are connected with oil inlet pipe, and interior discharge runner and outer discharge runner are connected with oil outlet tube.Have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for air pressure driving work, interior suction passage and the outer suction passage of runner binary vortices pneumatic motor are connected with suction tude, and interior discharge runner and outer discharge runner are connected with outlet pipe.
The present invention is further improved, the measure of taking is: have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas compression work, the outer vortex chamber of runner binary vortices compressor carries out conveying gas body running, cooling and lubricating work is carried out in inside vortex chamber, the outer suction passage of outer vortex chamber is connected with suction tude, outer discharge runner is fixed with safety check, the valve port of this safety check is connected with outlet pipe, the interior suction passage of inside vortex chamber is equipped with cooling suction tude and lubricant pipe, interior exhaust port is equipped with Oil-gas Separation filter, lubricant pipe is connected with the oil outlet of Oil-gas Separation filter, cooled exhaust pipe is fixedly connected with the relief opening of Oil-gas Separation filter.Runner binary vortices compressor adopts runner binary vortices combined mechanism or double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism to carry out multistage compression work, runner binary vortices compressor carries out two-stage compression, on the interior suction passage of one-level inside vortex chamber, cooling suction tude is housed, on the outer discharge runner of the outer vortex chamber of one-level, safety check is housed, between the outer suction passage of the valve port of this safety check and secondary, be connected with cooler, the outer discharge runner of the outer vortex chamber of secondary is fixed with safety check, and this interior safety check valve port is connected with outlet pipe; The interior discharge runner of one-level inside vortex chamber is connected with the suction tude of Oil-gas Separation filter with the interior discharge runner of secondary inside vortex chamber simultaneously.
The present invention is further improved, the measure of taking is: have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for thermal expansion driving work, many groups inside vortex chamber cooling work that is lubricated parallel with one another of the runner binary vortices combined mechanism of runner binary vortices steam turbine, the outer vortex chamber of many groups is mutually connected and is carried out expansion work; The volume of the outer vortex chamber of one-level is less than the volume of the outer vortex chamber of secondary, and the volume of the outer vortex chamber of secondary is less than the volume of three grades of outer vortex chambers.The outer suction passage of the outer vortex chamber of one-level is connected with steam control valve, the outer discharge runner of the outer vortex chamber of one-level is connected with the outer suction passage of the outer vortex chamber of secondary, the outer discharge runner of the outer vortex chamber of secondary is connected with the outer suction passage of three grades of outer vortex chambers, and the outer discharge runner of three grades of outer vortex chambers is connected with outlet pipe; The suction tude of Oil-gas Separation filter is in parallel with three inside vortex suction passages of inside vortex chamber.
The present invention is further improved, the measure of taking is: have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas driven work, the runner vortex combined mechanism of runner binary vortices gas turbine, by the runner compression vortex mechanism that carries out gas compression work, formed with the runner expansion vortex mechanism that carries out gas expansion work, the suction port of firing chamber is connected with the safety check valve port that runner compression vortex mechanism is discharged runner outward, the relief opening of this firing chamber is connected with the outer suction passage of runner expansion vortex mechanism, in this firing chamber, fuel injection igniter is housed; The interior discharge runner of runner compression vortex mechanism is connected with the suction tude of Oil-gas Separation filter with the interior discharge runner of runner expansion vortex mechanism simultaneously.
The present invention is further improved, the measure of taking is: have the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for combustion power driving work, the runner compression vortex mechanism of runner binary vortices motor is discharged the valve port of the sheet type check-valve on runner outward, be connected to each other by suction tude with the outer suction passage of runner expansion vortex mechanism, in this suction tude, fuel injection igniter is housed, when the compression slider of runner compression vortex mechanism carries out discharge stroke, the expansion slider of runner expansion vortex mechanism carries out aspirating stroke, pressurized gas is by the suction tude being connected with sheet type check-valve valve port, enter the expansion vortex chamber of runner expansion vortex mechanism, expansion vortex chamber progressively increases in the turning effort lower volume of expansion slider, fuel injection igniter work, compressed mixed gas burning expansion, promote expansion slider rotor driven rotation acting, compression slider is proceeded compression work, and sheet type check-valve is closed under the pressure-acting of expansion vortex chamber inner high voltage combustion gas.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of runner binary vortices of the present invention mechanism.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of runner binary vortices compressor of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of runner binary vortices pump of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the present invention's annular binary vortices mechanism.
Fig. 5 is the plan view of sliding ring type slider of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of ring-shaped combination binary vortices of the present invention mechanism.
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of sliding ring type slider of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the sectional view of the two sliding ring type sliders of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of runner binary vortices combined mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of elliptical vortex of the present invention mechanism.
Figure 11 is the sectional view that the present invention turns to slider.
Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices of the present invention mechanism.
Figure 13 is that the present invention turns to slider assembling schematic diagram.
Figure 14 is the present invention with the schematic diagram of the annular runner binary vortices mechanism of skid steer device.
Figure 15 is rotor of the present invention and the sectional view that turns to slider.
Figure 16 is the work schematic diagram of runner binary vortices steam turbine of the present invention.
Figure 17 is the work schematic diagram of runner binary vortices gas turbine of the present invention.
Figure 18 is that the work of runner binary vortices motor of the present invention launches schematic diagram.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, there is the runner binary vortices mechanism 1 of the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism, by cylinder 2, rotor 3, formed with slider 4; As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, cylinder 2 is comprised of with cylinder cap bearing support 8 cylinder sleeve 5, central fixed shaft 6, cylinder cap 7, and central fixed shaft 6 is fixing with cylinder cap 7, and cylinder cap 7 and cylinder cap bearing support 8 are separately fixed at the two ends of cylinder sleeve 5.As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 6, Figure 10, runner binary vortices mechanism 1 is divided into annular binary vortices mechanism 50, elliptical vortex mechanism 130 and ring-shaped combination binary vortices mechanism 51 by cylinder sleeve 5 inner line structures.As shown in Figure 1, the internal face 19 of the cylinder sleeve 5 of annular binary vortices mechanism 50 is cylindric wall 11, the outer wall 20 of central fixed shaft 6 is cylindric wall 13, and this central fixed shaft 6 is fixed on the central part of cylinder sleeve 5, and this stationary axle 6 is in the inner annular cylinder sleeve of the horizontal circle chamber 9 that forms of cylinder 2.As shown in Figure 3, rotor 3 is comprised of the runner collar 37 and transmission shaft 21; The collar 22 of the runner collar 37 is hollow and annular, and one end of this collar 22 is concentric fixing with the upper disk surface 24 of runner dish 23, and the lower card 25 of runner dish 23 is concentric fixing with transmission shaft 21; As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 4, Fig. 9, on the ring wall 27 of the collar 22, have an above symmetrical sliding-groove 26, slider 4 is housed in sliding-groove 26, slider 4 is divided into cylinder slider 28 and two ends arc sliding part 29 by shape difference; Cylinder wall 30 and sliding-groove 26 both sides slip wall 31 touch scrollings or the slips of cylinder slider 28, the bottom surface 32 of cylinder slider 28 and upper disk surface 24 contact slides of runner dish 23; The two ends cambered surface 33 of two ends arc sliding part 29 is concentric camber line, and left and right side 34 is parallel to each other, the left and right side 34 of two ends arc sliding part 29 and the slip wall of sliding-groove 26 both sides 31 contact slide respectively; Slider 4 is highly slightly less than the height of annular cylinder liner chamber 9, and diameter is slightly less than the width of annular cylinder liner chamber 9; The runner collar 37 of rotor 3 is eccentric being arranged in the annular cylinder liner chamber 9 of cylinder sleeve 5 relatively, the ring outer wall 35 of the runner collar 37 collars 22 is intermeshed with the internal face 19 of cylinder sleeve 5, the ring internal face 36 of the collar 22 intermeshes with the outer wall 20 of central fixed shaft 6, and the collar 22 is divided into meniscate inside vortex chamber 38 and outer vortex chamber 39 by annular cylinder liner chamber 9; Slider 4 in the collar 22 sliding-grooves 26 is separated into several not connected fan-shaped active chambers 40 by inside vortex chamber 38 and outer vortex chamber 39, rotor 3 rotates, and fan-shaped active chamber 40 increases by element volume and dwindles repetitive process convection cell 49 and carry out continuous transportation work.As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, in cylinder cap 7 internal faces 43 or central fixed shaft 6 outer wall 20, have the interior suction passage 41 and interior discharge runner 42 that communicate with inside vortex chamber 38, the internal face 19 of cylinder sleeve 5 or the internal face 43 of cylinder cap 7 have the outer suction passage 44 and outer discharge runner 45 that communicate with outer vortex chamber 39; Slider 4 rotates in vortex chamber 39 and inside vortex chamber 38 outside, two the first adjacent sliders 4 and the second slider 4-1 vortex chamber 39 and the interior rotation in inside vortex chamber 38 outside simultaneously, the element volume of the outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 of outer vortex chamber 39 increases gradually, the element volume of the interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 in inside vortex chamber 38 progressively dwindles, the element volume of outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 dwindles gradually, and the element volume of interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 progressively increases; Outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 communicates with outer suction passage 44, the element volume of outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 increases gradually, fluid 49 enters in outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 from outer suction passage 44, outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 communicates with outer exhaust port 42, the element volume of outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 dwindles gradually, and fluid 49 is discharged from outer exhaust port 42; Interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 communicates with interior suction passage 41, the element volume of interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 increases gradually, fluid 49 enters in interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 from interior suction passage 41, interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 communicates with interior discharge runner 42, the element volume of interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 dwindles gradually, and fluid 49 is discharged from interior discharge runner 42.Outer wall 20 covers of annular binary vortices mechanism 50 central fixed shaft 6 have rotary sleeve 90 as shown in Figure 2, and bearing member 92 is equipped with in the inside of this rotary sleeve 90, and slider 4 contacts with the outer wall 93 of rotary sleeve 90, driven rotary cover 90 rotations simultaneously when slider 4 rotates; Cylinder sleeve 5 internal faces 19 of annular binary vortices mechanism 50 are equipped with rotating sleeve 91, between this rotating sleeve 91 and internal face 19, bearing member 92-1 are housed, and slider 4 contacts with the inwall 91-1 of rotating sleeve 91, and when slider 4 rotates, rotating sleeve 91 rotates simultaneously.As shown in figure 10, the internal face 19 of the cylinder sleeve 5 of elliptical vortex mechanism 130 is oval wall 132, the outer wall 20 of central fixed shaft 6 is oval outer wall 131, the central point of the central point of the oval outer wall 131 of this central fixed shaft 6 and the oval wall 132 of cylinder sleeve 5 is in same point, and this central fixed shaft 6 is in oval cylinder sleeve chamber 133 of waiting width of the inner formation of cylinder 2; The runner collar 37 of rotor 3 is arranged in the oval cylinder sleeve chamber 133 of cylinder sleeve 5, ring outer wall 35 and the oval wall 132 of cylinder sleeve 5 of the runner collar 37 collars 22 intermesh, the ring internal face 36 of the collar 22 intermeshes with the oval outer wall 131 of central fixed shaft 6, and the collar 22 is divided into two meniscate inside vortex chambers 38 and two meniscate outer vortex chambers 39 by oval cylinder sleeve chamber 133.As Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 6, the internal face 19 of the cylinder sleeve 5 of ring-shaped combination binary vortices mechanism 51 is comprised of with the combination wall 12 that eccentric arc wall 15 is connected to form the isocentric circular arc wall 14 of two decentraction, isocentric circular arc wall 14 centers of circle of combination wall 12 are concentric with the center of circle of cylinder cap 5, the outer wall 20 of central fixed shaft 6 is connected to form with eccentric outer wall 17 by concentric outer wall 16, the center of circle of the concentric outer wall 16 of this central fixed shaft 6 is concentric with the isocentric circular arc wall 14 of cylinder sleeve 5, the center of circle of the eccentric outer wall 17 of this central fixed shaft 6 is concentric with the eccentric arc wall 15 of cylinder sleeve 5, distance between the concentric outer wall 16 of this central fixed shaft 6 and the isocentric circular arc wall 14 of cylinder sleeve 5 equals the distance between the eccentric outer wall 17 of central fixed shaft 6 and cylinder sleeve 5 eccentric arc walls 15, this central fixed shaft 6 waits the horizontal annular combination cylinder sleeve chamber 18 of width one of the inner formation of cylinder 2, rotor 3 is comprised of the runner collar 37 and transmission shaft 21, the collar 22 of the runner collar 37 is hollow and annular, and one end of this collar 22 is concentric fixing with the upper disk surface 24 of runner dish 23, and the lower card 25 of runner dish 23 is concentric fixing with transmission shaft 21, has an above symmetrical sliding-groove 26 on the ring wall 27 of the collar 22, slider 4 is housed in sliding-groove 26, and slider 4 is divided into cylinder slider 28 and two ends arc sliding part 29 by shape difference, cylinder wall 30 and sliding-groove 26 both sides slip wall 31 touch scrollings or the slips of cylinder slider 28, the bottom surface 32 of cylinder slider 28 and upper disk surface 24 contact slides of runner dish 23, the two ends cambered surface 33 of two ends arc sliding part 29 is concentric camber line, and left and right side 34 is parallel to each other, the left and right side 34 of two ends arc sliding part 29 and sliding-groove 26 both sides slip walls 31 contact slide respectively, slider 4 is highly slightly less than the height of ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber 18, and diameter is slightly less than the width of ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber 18, as shown in Figure 6, the runner collar 37 of rotor 3 is arranged in the ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber 18 of cylinder sleeve 5 relatively with one heart, ring outer wall 35 and the cylinder sleeve 5 eccentric arc walls 15 of the runner collar 37 collars 22 intermesh, the ring internal face 36 of the collar 22 intermeshes with the concentric outer wall 16 of central fixed shaft 6, and the collar 22 is divided into ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber 18 the inside vortex chamber 38 and outer ring vortex chamber 48 of crescent shape, slider 4 in the collar 22 sliding-grooves 26 is separated into several not connected fan-shaped active chambers 40 by inside vortex chamber 38 and outer ring vortex chamber 48, rotor 3 rotates, and fan-shaped active chamber 40 increases by element volume and dwindles repetitive process convection cell 49 and carry out continuous transportation work, in cylinder cap 7 internal faces 43 or central fixed shaft 6 outer wall 20, have the interior suction passage 41 and interior discharge runner 42 that communicate with inside vortex chamber 38, the internal face 19 of cylinder sleeve 5 or the internal face 43 of cylinder cap 7 have the outer suction passage 44 and outer discharge runner 45 that communicate with outer ring vortex chamber 48, two the first adjacent sliders 4 and the second slider 4-1 ring whirl chamber 48 and the interior rotation in inside vortex chamber 38 outside simultaneously, the element volume of the outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 of outer ring vortex chamber 48 increases gradually, the element volume of the interior fan-shaped active chamber 48 in inside vortex chamber 38 progressively dwindles, the element volume of outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 dwindles gradually, and the element volume of interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 progressively increases, outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 communicates with outer suction passage 44, the element volume of outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 increases gradually, fluid 49 enters in outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 from outer suction passage 44, the first slider 4 and the second slider 4-1 be concentric outer wall 16 contact slides with cylinder sleeve 5 in the interior while of outer shroud vortex chamber 48, and this outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 is realized isometric(al) and carried, outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 communicates with outer discharge runner 45, and the element volume of outer fan-shaped active chamber 46 dwindles gradually, and fluid 49 is discharged from outer discharge runner 45, interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 communicates with interior suction passage 41, the element volume of interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 increases gradually, fluid 49 enters in interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 from interior suction passage 41, interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 communicates with interior discharge runner 42, the element volume of interior fan-shaped active chamber 47 dwindles gradually, and fluid 49 is discharged from interior discharge runner 42.As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 9, the one or both ends of rotor 3 transmission shafts 21 of runner binary vortices mechanism 1 adopt bearings to rotate, and transmission shaft 21 is through stuffing box bearing part 52 in cylinder cap bearing support 8 or the stuffing box bearing part 52-1 inside of cylinder cap 7; As shown in Figure 3, rotor 3 transmission shaft 21 one end adopt bearings to rotate, the other end adopts the runner collar 37 bearings of rotor 3 to rotate, the bearing block set 53 of rotor 3 collar 22 front ends interfixes with the stuffing box bearing part 55 being arranged on central fixed shaft 6 eccentric body shafts 54, the reel 56 of the eccentric body shaft 54 of central fixed shaft 6 is enclosed within rotor 3 collar 22 inside, reel 56 and the collar 22 inwall 57 Concentric rotation motive sealings.As shown in Figure 9, a runner binary vortices combined mechanism 67 of more than one runner binary vortices mechanism's 1 mutual serial connection formation, the more than one runner cover plate 37 of this runner binary vortices combined mechanism 67 is fixed on series operation on same transmission shaft 21.As shown in figure 12, two runner binary vortices mechanisms 1 form a double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism 68, on a transmission shaft 21 of this double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism 68, string has two runner collars 37 and runner collar 37-1, the left wheel disk 73 of the runner collar 37 interfixes and forms a double-wheel-disc 71 with the right wheel disk 76 of runner collar 37-1, this double-wheel-disc 71 is separated into left cylinder sleeve chamber 74 and right cylinder sleeve chamber 75 by the cylinder sleeve chamber 72 of double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism 68, the left wheel disk 73 of this double-wheel-disc 71 is arranged on 74 inside, left cylinder sleeve chamber, right wheel disk 76 is arranged on 75 inside, right cylinder sleeve chamber.
As another embodiment of the invention, as Fig. 5, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Figure 11, Figure 13, Figure 14, shown in Figure 15, the slider 4 of the annular binary vortices mechanism 50 of runner binary vortices mechanism 1 is combined by more than one sliding ring type slider 58, sliding ring type slider 58 is by blade 59, slip ring sleeve 60, stuffing box bearing part 61 forms, stuffing box bearing part 61 is arranged on the inside of slip ring sleeve 60, the outer wall 60-1 of slip ring sleeve 60 is cylindric, stationary plane 63 and the slip ring sleeve 60 outer wall 60-1 of blade 59 arc end faces 62 interfix, blade 59 arc end faces 62 are fixed with one or more slip ring sleeve 60, the outer wall 60-1 of several slip ring sleeves 60 is combined into a rotation wall 64, stuffing box bearing part 61 in sliding sleeve ring 60 is fixed in central fixed shaft 6, same central fixed shaft 6 strings have several sliding ring type sliders 58, arc end face 62 Surface of action 65 of blade 59 engage dynamic-sealing rotary with rotation wall 64, and the front-end face 66 of blade 59 engages dynamic-sealing rotary with the cylindric wall 13 of cylinder sleeve 5, the collar 22 of rotor 3 has curve bath 77, these curve bath 77 bottoms, and bearing support 78 is equipped with in the inside of runner dish 23, these curve bath 77 tops, bearing support 78 is equipped with in the collar 22 bearing block set 79 inside, the inside of curve bath 77 is equipped with and is turned to slider 80, turn to the one or both ends of slider 80 that rotating shaft 81 and back-up ring 82 are housed, stuffing box bearing part 83 is housed in rotating shaft 81, stuffing box bearing part 83 is arranged in bearing support 78, turn to the left curved wall 84 of slider 80 to engage rotation with the arc wall 86 of curve bath 77 respectively with right curved wall 85, turn to the bull stick 87 of slider 80 and the wall thickness of the collar 22 to equate with radian, on bull stick 87, have sliding-groove 88, blade 59 is through in the sliding-groove 88 of bull stick 87, rotor 3 rotates, and the slider 80 that turns on the runner collar 37 rotates together with the collar 22, in bull stick 87 sliding-grooves 88, sliding bearing 80-1 is housed, the runner collar 37 of rotor 3 and the 58 decentraction rotations of sliding ring type slider, blade 59 to-and-fro motion in the sliding-groove 88 that turns to slider 80 bull sticks 87, turns to slider 80 along with blade 59 rotating photos change to rotate to eccentric angle, to adjust angle in curve bath 77.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 4, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas transportation work, inside vortex chamber 38 and the outer vortex chamber 39 of runner binary vortices ventilator 89 carry out conveying gas body running simultaneously, the interior suction passage 41 of inside vortex chamber 38 is connected with air intake pipe 94 with the outer suction passage 44 of outer vortex chamber 39, and the interior discharge runner 42 of inside vortex chamber 38 is connected with air outlet tube 95 with the outer discharge runner 45 of outer vortex chamber 39.As shown in figure 14, outer vortex chamber 39 carries out conveying gas body running, cooling and lubricating work is carried out in inside vortex chamber 38, the outer suction passage 44 of outer vortex chamber 39 is connected with air intake pipe 94, outer discharge runner 45 is connected with air outlet tube 95, the interior suction passage 41 of inside vortex chamber 38 is equipped with cooling air intake pipe 96 and lubricant pipe 97, interior exhaust port 45 is equipped with Oil-gas Separation filter 98, lubricant pipe 97 is connected with the oil outlet 99 of Oil-gas Separation filter 98, and cooling air outlet tube 96-1 is fixedly connected with the exhaust outlet 100 of Oil-gas Separation filter 98.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 3, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for liquid transportation work, inside vortex chamber 38 and the outer vortex chamber 39 of runner binary vortices pump 101 carry liquid 102 to work simultaneously, the interior suction passage 41 of the inside vortex chamber 38 of runner binary vortices pump 101 is connected with intake pipe 103 with the outer suction passage 44 of outer vortex chamber 39, and the interior discharge runner 42 of inside vortex chamber 38 is connected with outlet pipe 104 with the outer discharge runner 45 of outer vortex chamber 39; Runner binary vortices pump 101 is for the high-lift transportation work of liquid, and runner vortex pump 101 adopts double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism's 68 two-stage series connections or the 67 plural serial stage work of runner binary vortices combined mechanism.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 9, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for hydro powered work, the interior suction passage 41 of the inside vortex chamber 38 of runner binary vortices water turbine 105 is connected with intake pipe 103 with the outer suction passage 44 of outer vortex chamber 39, and the interior discharge runner 42 of inside vortex chamber 38 is connected with outlet pipe 104 with the outer discharge runner 45 of outer vortex chamber 39.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 6, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for hydraulic driving work, interior suction passage 41 and the outer suction passage 44 of runner binary vortices oil hydraulic motor 106 are connected with oil inlet pipe 107, and interior discharge runner 42 is connected with oil outlet tube 108 with outer discharge runner 45.As shown in Figure 9, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for air pressure driving work, interior suction passage 41 and the outer suction passage 44 of runner binary vortices pneumatic motor 111 are connected with suction tude 109, and interior discharge runner 42 is connected with outlet pipe 110 with outer discharge runner 45.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 2, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas compression work, the outer vortex chamber 39 of runner binary vortices compressor 112 carries out conveying gas body running, cooling and lubricating work is carried out in inside vortex chamber 38, the outer suction passage 44 of outer vortex chamber 39 is connected with suction tude 113, outer discharge runner 45 is fixed with safety check 119, the valve port 118 of this safety check 119 is connected with outlet pipe 114, the interior suction passage 41 of inside vortex chamber 38 is equipped with cooling suction tude 115 and lubricant pipe 97, interior exhaust port 45 is equipped with Oil-gas Separation filter 98, lubricant pipe 97 is connected with the oil outlet 99 of Oil-gas Separation filter 98, cooled exhaust pipe 116 is fixedly connected with the relief opening 117 of Oil-gas Separation filter 98, runner binary vortices compressor 112 adopts runner binary vortices combined mechanism 67 or double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism 68 to carry out multistage compression work, as shown in figure 12, runner binary vortices compressor 112 carries out two-stage compression, cooling suction tude 115 is housed on the interior suction passage 41 of one-level inside vortex chamber 38, on the outer discharge runner 45 of the outer vortex chamber 39 of one-level, safety check 119 is housed, between the outer suction passage 44-1 of the valve port 118 of this safety check 119 and secondary, be connected with cooler 118-1, the outer discharge runner 44 of the outer vortex chamber 39-1 of secondary is fixed with safety check 120, these interior safety check 120 valve ports 121 are connected with outlet pipe 114, the interior discharge runner 42 of one-level inside vortex chamber 38 is connected with the suction tude 98-1 of Oil-gas Separation filter 98 with the interior discharge runner 42-1 of secondary inside vortex chamber 38-1 simultaneously.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 16, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for thermal expansion driving work, many groups inside vortex chamber 38 cooling work that is lubricated parallel with one another of the runner binary vortices combined mechanism 67 of runner binary vortices steam turbine 134, the outer vortex chamber 39 of many groups mutually series connection carries out expansion work; The volume of the outer vortex chamber 135 of one-level is less than the volume of the outer vortex chamber 136 of secondary, and the volume of the outer vortex chamber 136 of secondary is less than the volume of three grades of outer vortex chambers 137.The outer suction passage 138 of the outer vortex chamber 135 of one-level is connected with steam control valve 139, the outer discharge runner 140 of the outer vortex chamber 135 of one-level is connected with the outer suction passage 141 of the outer vortex chamber 136 of secondary, the outer discharge runner 142 of the outer vortex chamber 136 of secondary is connected with the outer suction passage 143 of three grades of outer vortex chambers 137, and the outer discharge runner 144 of three grades of outer vortex chambers 137 is connected with outlet pipe 145; The suction tude 146 of Oil-gas Separation filter 98 is in parallel with three inside vortex suction passages 147 of inside vortex chamber 38.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 17, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas driven work, the runner vortex combined mechanism 67 of runner binary vortices gas turbine 150, by the runner compression vortex mechanism 151 that carries out gas compression work, formed with the runner expansion vortex mechanism 152 that carries out gas expansion work, the suction port 154 of firing chamber 153 is connected with safety check 156 valve ports 157 of the outer discharge runner 155 of runner compression vortex mechanism 151, the relief opening 158 of this firing chamber 153 is connected with the outer suction passage 159 of runner expansion vortex mechanism 152, in this firing chamber 153, fuel injection igniter 160 is housed, the runner compression interior discharge runner 161 of vortex mechanism 151 and the interior discharge runner of runner expansion vortex mechanism 152 162 are connected with the suction tude 146 of Oil-gas Separation filter 98 simultaneously.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 18, there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for combustion power driving work, sheet type check-valve 164 valve ports 165 on the outer discharge runner 155 of runner compression vortex mechanism 151 of runner binary vortices motor 163, be connected by suction tude 166 with the outer suction passage 159 of runner expansion vortex mechanism 152, in this suction tude 166, fuel injection igniter 160 is housed, when the compression slider 167 of runner compression vortex mechanism 151 carries out discharge stroke, the expansion slider 168 of runner expansion vortex mechanism 152 carries out aspirating stroke, pressurized gas 169 enters the expansion vortex chamber 170 of runner expansion vortex mechanism 152 by the suction tude 166 being connected with sheet type check-valve 164 valve ports 165, expansion vortex chamber 170 progressively increases in the turning effort lower volume of expansion slider 168, fuel injection igniter 160 is worked, compressed mixed gas burning expansion, promote the 168 rotor driven 3 rotation actings of expansion slider, compression slider 167 is proceeded compression work, and sheet type check-valve 164 is closed under the pressure-acting of expansion vortex chamber 170 inner high voltage combustion gas.

Claims (10)

1. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism, is characterized in that: runner binary vortices mechanism (1) consists of with sliding part (4) cylinder (2), rotor (3); Cylinder (2) is comprised of with cylinder cap bearing block (8) cylinder sleeve (5), central fixed shaft (6), cylinder cap (7), and central fixed shaft (6) is fixing with cylinder cap (7), and cylinder cap (7) and cylinder cap bearing block (8) are separately fixed at the two ends of cylinder sleeve (5); Runner binary vortices mechanism (1) is divided into annular binary vortices mechanism (50), elliptical vortex mechanism (130) and ring-shaped combination binary vortices mechanism (51) by cylinder sleeve (5) inner line structure; The internal face (19) of the cylinder sleeve (5) of annular binary vortices mechanism (50) is cylindric wall (11), the outside wall surface (20) of central fixed shaft (6) is cylindric wall (13), central fixed shaft (6) is fixed on the central part of cylinder sleeve (5), and this fixed axis (6) is in the inner horizontal circle annular cylinder sleeve chamber (9) that forms of cylinder (2); Rotor (3) is comprised of the runner collar (37) and power transmission shaft (21); The collar (22) of the runner collar (37) is hollow and annular, one end of the collar (22) is concentric fixing with the upper disk surface (24) of runner dish (23), the lower card (25) of runner dish (23) is concentric fixing with power transmission shaft (21), has an above symmetrical sliding tray (26) on the ring wall (27) of the collar (22); Sliding part (4) is housed in sliding tray (26), and sliding part (4) is divided into cylinder sliding part (28) and two ends arc sliding parts (29) by shape difference; The cylinder wall (30) of cylinder sliding part (28) and sliding tray (26) both sides slip wall (31) touch scrolling or slip, upper disk surface (24) contact slide of the bottom surface (32) of cylinder sliding part (28) and runner dish (23); The two ends cambered surface (33) of two ends arc sliding parts (29) is concentric camber line, and left and right side (34) are parallel to each other, the left and right side (34) of two ends arc sliding parts (29) and sliding tray (26) both sides slip wall (31) contact slide respectively; Sliding part (4) is highly slightly less than the height of annular cylinder liner chamber (9), and diameter is slightly less than the width of annular cylinder liner chamber (9); The runner collar (37) of rotor (3) relatively bias is arranged in the annular cylinder liner chamber (9) of cylinder sleeve (5), the ring outside wall surface (35) of the runner collar (37) collar (22) is intermeshed with cylinder sleeve (5) internal face (19), the ring internal face (36) of the collar (22) intermeshes with the outside wall surface (20) of central fixed shaft (6), and the collar (22) is divided into meniscate inside vortex chamber (38) and outer vortex chamber (39) by annular cylinder liner chamber (9); Sliding part (4) in the collar (22) sliding tray (26) is separated into several not connected fan-shaped working chambers (40) by inside vortex chamber (38) and outer vortex chamber (39), rotor (3) rotates, and fan-shaped working chamber (40) increases by element volume and dwindles repetitive process convection cell (49) and carry out continuous transportation work;In cylinder cap (7) internal face (43) or central fixed shaft (6) outside wall surface (20), have the interior suction passage (41) and interior discharge runner (42) that communicate with inside vortex chamber (38), the internal face (19) of cylinder sleeve (5) or the internal face (43) of cylinder cap (7) have the outer suction passage (44) and outer discharge runner (45) that communicate with outer vortex chamber (39); Sliding part (4) outside vortex chamber (39) rotates with inside vortex chamber (38) is middle, two adjacent the first sliding parts (4) rotate in vortex chamber (39) and inside vortex chamber (38) with the second sliding part (4-1) simultaneously outside, the element volume of the outer fan-shaped working chamber (46) of outer vortex chamber (39) increases gradually, in inside vortex chamber (38), the element volume of fan-shaped working chamber (47) progressively dwindles, the element volume of outer fan-shaped working chamber (46) dwindles gradually, and the element volume of interior fan-shaped working chamber (47) progressively increases; Outside wall surface (20) cover of annular binary vortices mechanism (50) central fixed shaft (6) has rotary sleeve (90), bearing part (92) is equipped with in the inside of this rotary sleeve (90), sliding part (4) contacts with the outside wall surface (93) of rotary sleeve (90), and during sliding part (4) rotation, driven rotary cover (90) rotates simultaneously; Cylinder sleeve (5) internal face (19) of annular binary vortices mechanism (50) is equipped with rotating sleeve (91), between this rotating sleeve (91) and internal face (19), bearing part (92-1) is housed, sliding part (4) contacts with the inwall (91-1) of rotating sleeve (91), and during sliding part (4) rotation, rotating sleeve (91) rotates simultaneously; The internal face (19) of the cylinder sleeve (5) of elliptical vortex mechanism (130) is oval wall (132), the outside wall surface (20) of central fixed shaft (6) is oval outside wall surface (131), the central point of the oval wall (132) of the central point of the oval outside wall surface of this central fixed shaft (6) (131) and cylinder sleeve (5) is in same point, and this central fixed shaft (6) is in oval cylinder sleeve chamber (133) of waiting width of the inner formation of cylinder (2); The runner collar (37) of rotor (3) is arranged in the oval cylinder sleeve chamber (133) of cylinder sleeve (5), the ring outside wall surface (35) of the runner collar (37) collar (22) is intermeshed with the oval wall of cylinder sleeve (5) (132), the ring internal face (36) of the collar (22) intermeshes with the oval outside wall surface (131) of central fixed shaft (6), and the collar (22) is divided into two meniscate inside vortex chambers (38) and two meniscate outer vortex chambers (39) by oval cylinder sleeve chamber (133); The internal face (19) of the cylinder sleeve (5) of ring-shaped combination binary vortices mechanism (51) is comprised of with the combination wall (12) that eccentric arc wall (15) is connected to form the isocentric circular arc wall (14) of two decentraction, isocentric circular arc wall (14) center of circle of combination wall (12) is concentric with the center of circle of cylinder cap (5), the outside wall surface (20) of central fixed shaft (6) is connected to form by concentric outside wall surface (16) and eccentric outside wall surface (17)The center of circle of the concentric outside wall surface (16) of this central fixed shaft (6) is concentric with the isocentric circular arc wall (14) of cylinder sleeve (5), the center of circle of the eccentric outside wall surface (17) of this central fixed shaft (6) is concentric with the eccentric arc wall (15) of cylinder sleeve (5), distance between the concentric outside wall surface (16) of this central fixed shaft (6) and the isocentric circular arc wall (14) of cylinder sleeve (5) equals the distance between the eccentric outside wall surface of central fixed shaft (6) (17) and cylinder sleeve (5) eccentric arc wall (15), this central fixed shaft (6) is in horizontal annular combination cylinder sleeve chamber (18) of waiting width of the inner formation of cylinder (2), rotor (3) is comprised of the runner collar (37) and power transmission shaft (21), the collar (22) of the runner collar (37) is hollow and annular, one end of this collar (22) is concentric fixing with the upper disk surface (24) of runner dish (23), the lower card (25) of runner dish (23) is concentric fixing with power transmission shaft (21), has an above symmetrical sliding tray (26) on the ring wall (27) of the collar (22), sliding part (4) is housed in sliding tray (26), and sliding part (4) is divided into cylinder sliding part (28) and two ends arc sliding parts (29) by shape difference, the cylinder wall (30) of cylinder sliding part (28) and sliding tray (26) both sides slip wall (31) touch scrolling or slip, upper disk surface (24) contact slide of the bottom surface (32) of cylinder sliding part (28) and runner dish (23), the two ends cambered surface (33) of two ends arc sliding parts (29) is concentric camber line, and left and right side (34) are parallel to each other, the left and right side (34) of two ends arc sliding parts (29) and sliding tray (26) both sides slip wall (31) contact slide respectively, sliding part (4) is highly slightly less than the height of ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber (18), and diameter is slightly less than the width of ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber (18), the runner collar (37) of rotor (3) is arranged in the ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber (18) of cylinder sleeve (5) relatively with one heart, the ring outside wall surface (35) of the runner collar (37) collar (22) is intermeshed with cylinder sleeve (5) eccentric arc wall (15), the ring internal face (36) of the collar (22) intermeshes with the concentric outside wall surface (16) of central fixed shaft (6), and the collar (22) is divided into ring-shaped combination cylinder sleeve chamber (18) the inside vortex chamber (38) and outer ring vortex chamber (48) of crescent shape, sliding part (4) in the collar (22) sliding tray (26) is separated into several not connected fan-shaped working chambers (40) by inside vortex chamber (38) and outer ring vortex chamber (48), rotor (3) rotates, and fan-shaped working chamber (40) increases by element volume and dwindles repetitive process convection cell (49) and carry out continuous transportation work, in cylinder cap (7) internal face (43) or central fixed shaft (6) outside wall surface (20), have the interior suction passage (41) and interior discharge runner (42) that communicate with inside vortex chamber (38),The internal face (19) of cylinder sleeve (5) or the internal face (43) of cylinder cap (7) have the outer suction passage (44) and outer discharge runner (45) that communicate with outer vortex chamber (39), two adjacent the first sliding parts (4) rotate in ring whirl chamber (48) and inside vortex chamber (38) with the second sliding part (4-1) simultaneously outside, the element volume of the outer fan-shaped working chamber (46) of outer ring vortex chamber (48) increases gradually, in inside vortex chamber (38), the element volume of fan-shaped working chamber (48) progressively dwindles, the element volume of outer fan-shaped working chamber (46) dwindles gradually, and the element volume of interior fan-shaped working chamber (47) progressively increases, the one or both ends of rotor (3) power transmission shaft (21) of runner binary vortices mechanism (1) adopt bearings to rotate, and power transmission shaft (21) is through sealed bearing part (52) in cylinder cap bearing block (8) or sealed bearing part (52-1) inside of cylinder cap (7), rotor (3) power transmission shaft (21) one end adopts bearings to rotate, the other end adopts the runner collar (37) bearings of rotor (3) to rotate, the bearing block set (53) of rotor (3) collar (22) front end interfixes with the sealed bearing part (55) being arranged on central fixed shaft (6) eccentric body shaft (54), the reel (56) of the eccentric body shaft (54) of central fixed shaft (6) is enclosed within rotor (3) collar (22) inside, reel (56) and the collar (22) inwall (57) Concentric rotation movable sealing, more than one runner binary vortices mechanism (1) mutually serial connection forms a runner binary vortices combined mechanism (67), and the more than one runner cover plate (37) of this runner binary vortices combined mechanism (67) is fixed on the upper tandem working of same power transmission shaft (21), double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanisms of composition of two runner binary vortices mechanisms (1) (68), the upper string of a power transmission shaft (21) of this double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism (68) has two runner collars (37) and the runner collar (37-1), the left wheel disk (73) of the runner collar (37) interfixes and forms a double-wheel-disc (71) with the right wheel disk (76) of the runner collar (37-1), this double-wheel-disc (71) is separated into left cylinder sleeve chamber (74) and right cylinder sleeve chamber (75) by the cylinder sleeve chamber (72) of double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism (68), the left wheel disk (73) of this double-wheel-disc (71) is arranged on inside, left cylinder sleeve chamber (74), right wheel disk (76) is arranged on inside, right cylinder sleeve chamber (75).
2. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the slider (4) of annular binary vortices mechanism (50) is combined by more than one sliding ring type slider (58), sliding ring type slider (58) is by blade (59), slip ring sleeve (60), stuffing box bearing part (61) composition, stuffing box bearing part (61) is arranged on the inside of slip ring sleeve (60), the outer wall (60-1) of slip ring sleeve (60) is cylindric, the stationary plane (63) of blade (59) arc end face (62) interfixes with slip ring sleeve (60) outer wall (60-1), blade (59) arc end face (62) is fixed with the slip ring sleeve that one or more external diameters are equal (60), the outer wall (60-1) of several slip ring sleeves (60) is combined into a rotation wall (64), stuffing box bearing part (61) in sliding sleeve ring (60) is fixed in central fixed shaft (6), same central fixed shaft (6) string has several sliding ring type sliders (58), arc end face (62) Surface of action (65) of blade (59) engages dynamic-sealing rotary with rotation wall (64), and the front-end face (66) of blade (59) engages dynamic-sealing rotary with the cylindric wall (13) of cylinder sleeve (5), the collar (22) of rotor (3) has curve bath (77), this curve bath (77) bottom, and bearing support (78) is equipped with in the inside of runner dish (23), this curve bath (77) top, bearing support (78) is equipped with in the collar (22) bearing block set (79) inside, the inside of curve bath (77) is equipped with and is turned to slider (80), turn to the one or both ends of slider (80) that rotating shaft (81) and back-up ring (82) are housed, stuffing box bearing part (83) is housed in rotating shaft (81), stuffing box bearing part (83) is arranged in bearing support (78), turn to the left curved wall (84) of slider (80) to engage rotation with the arc wall (86) of curve bath (77) respectively with right curved wall (85), turn to the bull stick (87) of slider (80) to equate with radian with the wall thickness of the collar (22), on bull stick (87), have sliding-groove (88), blade (59) is through in the sliding-groove (88) of bull stick (87), rotor (3) rotates, and the slider (80) that turns on the runner collar (37) rotates together with the collar (22), and sliding bearing (80-1) is housed in bull stick (87) sliding-groove (88), the runner collar (37) of rotor (3) and the rotation of sliding ring type slider (58) decentraction, blade (59) to-and-fro motion in the sliding-groove (88) that turns to slider (80) bull stick (87), turns to slider (80) along with blade (59) rotating photo changes to rotate to eccentric angle, to adjust angle in curve bath (77).
3. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas transportation work, the runner binary vortices mechanism (1) inside vortex chamber (38) of runner binary vortices ventilator (89) carries out conveying gas body running with outer vortex chamber (39) simultaneously, the interior suction passage (41) of the inside vortex chamber (38) of runner binary vortices ventilator (89) is connected with air intake pipe (94) with the outer suction passage (44) of outer vortex chamber (39), the interior discharge runner (42) of inside vortex chamber (38) is connected with air outlet tube (95) with the outer discharge runner (45) of outer vortex chamber (39), outer vortex chamber (39) carries out conveying gas body running, cooling and lubricating work is carried out in inside vortex chamber (38), the outer suction passage (44) of outer vortex chamber (39) is connected with air intake pipe (94), outer discharge runner (45) is connected with air outlet tube (95), the interior suction passage (41) of inside vortex chamber (38) is equipped with cooling air intake pipe (96) and lubricant pipe (97), interior exhaust port (45) is equipped with Oil-gas Separation filter (98), lubricant pipe (97) is connected with the oil outlet (99) of Oil-gas Separation filter (98), cooling air outlet tube (96-1) is fixedly connected with the exhaust outlet (100) of Oil-gas Separation filter (98).
4. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for liquid transportation work, the runner binary vortices mechanism (1) inside vortex chamber (38) of runner binary vortices pump (101) carries liquid (102) work with outer vortex chamber (39) simultaneously, the interior suction passage (41) of the inside vortex chamber (38) of runner binary vortices pump (101) is connected with intake pipe (103) with the outer suction passage (44) of outer vortex chamber (39), the interior discharge runner (42) of inside vortex chamber (38) is connected with outlet pipe (104) with the outer discharge runner (45) of outer vortex chamber (39), runner binary vortices pump (101) is for the high-lift transportation work of liquid, and runner vortex pump (101) adopts double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism's (68) two-stage series connection or runner binary vortices combined mechanism (67) plural serial stage work.
5. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for hydro powered work, the interior suction passage (41) of runner binary vortices water turbine (105) is connected with intake pipe (103) with outer suction passage (44), and interior discharge runner (42) is connected with outlet pipe (104) with outer discharge runner (45).
6. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for hydraulic driving work, the interior suction passage (41) of runner binary vortices oil hydraulic motor (106) is connected with oil inlet pipe (107) with outer suction passage (44), and interior discharge runner (42) is connected with oil outlet tube (108) with outer discharge runner (45); There is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for air pressure driving work, the interior suction passage (41) of runner binary vortices pneumatic motor (111) is connected with suction tude (109) with outer suction passage (44), and the outer runner (45) of discharging of interior discharge runner (42) is connected with outlet pipe (110).
7. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas compression work, the outer vortex chamber of runner binary vortices compressor (112) (39) carries out conveying gas body running, cooling and lubricating work is carried out in inside vortex chamber (38), (3 outer suction passage (44) is connected with suction tude (113) to outer vortex chamber, outer discharge runner (45) is fixed with safety check (119), the valve port (118) of this safety check (119) is connected with outlet pipe (114), the interior suction passage (41) of inside vortex chamber (38) is equipped with cooling suction tude (115) and lubricant pipe (97), interior exhaust port (45) is equipped with Oil-gas Separation filter (98), lubricant pipe (97) is connected with the oil outlet (99) of Oil-gas Separation filter (98), cooled exhaust pipe (116) is fixedly connected with the relief opening (117) of Oil-gas Separation filter (98), runner binary vortices compressor (112) adopts runner binary vortices combined mechanism (67) or double-wheel-disc runner binary vortices mechanism (68) to carry out multistage compression work, runner binary vortices compressor (112) carries out two-stage compression, on the interior suction passage (41) of one-level inside vortex chamber (38), cooling suction tude (115) is housed, on the outer discharge runner (45) of the outer vortex chamber (39) of one-level, safety check (119) is housed, between the outer suction passage (44-1) of the valve port (118) of this safety check (119) and secondary, be connected with cooler (118-1), the outer discharge runner (44) of the outer vortex chamber (39-1) of secondary is fixed with safety check (120), this safety check (120) valve port (121) connects with outlet pipe (114), the interior discharge runner (42) of one-level inside vortex chamber (38) is connected with the suction tude (98-1) of Oil-gas Separation filter (98) with the interior discharge runner (42-1) of secondary inside vortex chamber (38-1) simultaneously.
8. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: have and turn the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism for thermal expansion driving work, many groups inside vortex chamber (38) cooling work that is lubricated parallel with one another of runner binary vortices steam turbine (134) runner binary vortices combined mechanism (67), the outer vortex chamber of many groups (39) mutually series connection carries out expansion work.
9. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for gas driven work, the runner vortex combined mechanism (67) of runner binary vortices gas turbine (150) is by carrying out gas compression work, runner compression vortex mechanism (151) and runner expansion vortex mechanism (152) composition that carries out gas expansion work, the suction port (154) of firing chamber (153) is connected with safety check (156) valve port (157) of the outer discharge runner (155) of runner compression vortex mechanism (151), the relief opening (158) of this firing chamber (153) is connected with the outer suction passage (159) of runner expansion vortex mechanism (152), fuel injection igniter (160) is housed in this firing chamber (153), the interior discharge runner (161) of runner compression vortex mechanism (151) is connected with the suction tude (146) of Oil-gas Separation filter (98) with the interior discharge runner (162) of runner expansion vortex mechanism (152) simultaneously.
10. the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: there is the fluid machinery of runner binary vortices mechanism for combustion power driving work, the valve port (165) of the upper sheet type check-valve (164) of outer discharge runner (155) of the runner compression vortex mechanism (151) of runner binary vortices motor (163), be connected by suction tude (166) with the outer suction passage (159) of runner expansion vortex mechanism (152), fuel injection igniter (160) is housed in this suction tude (166), when the compression slider (167) of runner compression vortex mechanism (151) carries out discharge stroke, the expansion slider (168) of runner expansion vortex mechanism (152) carries out aspirating stroke, pressurized gas (169) enters the expansion vortex chamber (170) of runner expansion vortex mechanism (152) by the suction tude (166) being connected with sheet type check-valve (164) valve port (165), expansion vortex chamber (170) progressively increases in the turning effort lower volume of expansion slider (168), fuel injection igniter (160) work, compressed mixed gas burning expansion, promote expansion slider (168) rotor driven (3) rotation acting, compression slider (167) is proceeded compression work, and sheet type check-valve (164) is closed under the pressure-acting of expansion vortex chamber (170) inner high voltage combustion gas.
CN201320718494.8U 2013-11-13 2013-11-13 Fluid machine with rotating wheel double-vortex mechanism Expired - Fee Related CN203548195U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104454021A (en) * 2014-11-15 2015-03-25 周觉明 Hydrodynamic machine with rotating wheel and piston synchronized rotary mechanism
CN106050649A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-10-26 刘清泉 Disc paddle board pump
CN112709631A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-27 杨孝海 Rotor engine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104454021A (en) * 2014-11-15 2015-03-25 周觉明 Hydrodynamic machine with rotating wheel and piston synchronized rotary mechanism
CN104454021B (en) * 2014-11-15 2019-11-15 南通金鼎天轮动力科技有限公司 Fluid dynamic with runner piston synchronous cyclotron mechanism is mechanical
CN106050649A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-10-26 刘清泉 Disc paddle board pump
CN112709631A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-27 杨孝海 Rotor engine

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