CN103953395A - Hydrodynamic force machine with rotating wheel slewing mechanism - Google Patents

Hydrodynamic force machine with rotating wheel slewing mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103953395A
CN103953395A CN201410180375.0A CN201410180375A CN103953395A CN 103953395 A CN103953395 A CN 103953395A CN 201410180375 A CN201410180375 A CN 201410180375A CN 103953395 A CN103953395 A CN 103953395A
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China
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runner
vane
blade
cylinder
chamber
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CN201410180375.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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周觉明
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201410180375.0A priority Critical patent/CN103953395A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a rotary-volume hydrodynamic force machine with a rotating wheel slewing mechanism. The rotating wheel slewing mechanism (1) is divided into three structure types, namely a rotating wheel synchronous slewing mechanism (2), a double-vortex rotating wheel mechanism (3) and a rotating wheel rotary blade mechanism (4), wherein a cylinder sleeve (70) of the double-vortex rotating wheel mechanism (3) is sleeved outside the rotating wheel synchronous slewing mechanism (2); a blade (54) is arranged in an outer vortex cavity (53); a rotary vane (21) or a rotary blade (45), which is fixed on the same rotating shaft (36) together with the blade (54), is arranged in an inner vortex (26); the rotating shaft (36) is arranged in a rotating wheel (5) and is controlled to rotate and swing through a rotary vane wheel (6) or a rotary blade (46). By adopting the mechanism, non-contact abrasion and reciprocating friction between the blade (54) and the rotary vane (21) or the rotary blade (45) is realized and all performances of various hydrodynamic force machines are greatly improved.

Description

The fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of positive displacement runner swirl gear for fluid machinery and motor, relates to the fluid dynamic machinery manufacturing technology fields such as ventilator, pump, water turbine, oil hydraulic motor, pneumatic motor, compressor, expansion motive power machine and motor.
Background technique
Motion for volume fluid machine mainly contains the kinds such as piston reciprocating bar linkage motion mechanism, screw motion mechanism, slide pieces rotary moving mechanism and rolling rotor motion at present, but all exist volume relatively little, the defects such as the large inefficiency of frictional power loss, cannot further replace impeller speed type motion; Slide pieces rotary moving mechanism has little, the lightweight and volumetric efficiency advantages of higher of size, is widely used in the fluid machineries such as ventilator, pump, compressor, oil hydraulic motor; Slide pieces rotary moving mechanism major defect is that the mechanical friction between slide plate and rotor, cylinder is more serious, thereby produces larger wearing and tearing and energy loss, has limited rotating speed and the swept volume of rotor; I have applied for a patent on November 13rd, 2013, number of patent application: 201310567307.5, invention and created name: the fluid machinery with runner binary vortices mechanism, ring whirl mechanism is wherein by turning to slider that the contact slide of slide plate and cylinder body wall is become to gear motion, but part also comes with some shortcomings, as the friction between slide plate and sliding-groove, the defects such as slide plate discontinuity; Be badly in need of gear motion between a kind of slide plate and cylinder, between slide plate and rotor, the motion of fricton-tight friction solves the deficiency of slide pieces rotary moving mechanism, improves the properties of existing fluid dynamic machinery.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of runner swirl gear of rotary displacement as the motion operation mechanism of fluid dynamic machinery, be used for improving the properties of ventilator, pump, oil hydraulic motor, water turbine, pneumatic motor, compressor, expansion motive power machine and the motor of fluid dynamic machinery technical field.
For achieving the above object, the technical measures of taking are: have the runner swirl gear of the fluid dynamic machinery of runner swirl gear, be divided into runner synchronous revolving mechanism, three kinds of structure types of binary vortices runner mechanism and runner vane mechanism.Runner synchronous revolving mechanism consists of runner, transmission shaft, cylinder body, propeller runner or vane control gear; Runner synchronous revolving mechanism utilizes transmission shaft driven, rotaring wheeling sleeve is equipped with in runner runner ring one end, the other end of runner ring is provided with runner dish, runner dish is concentric fixing with transmission shaft one end, the other end of this transmission shaft is arranged in the bearing support of cylinder seat, transmission shaft rotates, and runner rotates between cylinder cap and cylinder seat; Inboard wall of cylinder cover is fixedly connected with runner shaft, and bearing member is arranged in the bearing support of rotaring wheeling sleeve, between runner shaft and rotaring wheeling sleeve, by bearing member and Sealing, supports rotary dynamic seal; Between runner cylinder cap and cylinder seat, by body, be interconnected and fixed.Runner synchronous revolving mechanism utilizes drive wheel transmission, and the outer wall of runner ring is fixed with drive wheel; Left-hand rotation wheel case and right-hand rotation wheel case are equipped with respectively in the two ends of runner ring, and left-hand rotation wheel shaft is arranged in left-hand rotation wheel case, in the bearing support of left-hand rotation wheel case, bearing member is installed, and between left-hand rotation wheel shaft and left-hand rotation wheel case, by bearing member and Sealing, support rotary dynamic seal.The inwall of cylinder seat is fixed with right-hand rotation wheel shaft, and right-hand rotation wheel shaft is arranged in right-hand rotation wheel case, in the bearing support of right-hand rotation wheel case, bearing member is installed, and between right-hand rotation wheel shaft and right-hand rotation wheel case, by bearing member and Sealing, supports rotary dynamic seal; Drive wheel rotates, and runner rotates between cylinder cap and cylinder seat.The inside of runner is provided with propeller runner, and this propeller runner is comprised of with blade more than a slice vane axle, more than one vane cover; The runner shaft of vane axle one end and cylinder cap is eccentric fixing, and vane axle or bias are fixed between left-hand rotation wheel shaft and right-hand rotation wheel shaft; Between vane cover and vane axle, bearing member is installed, the vane cover that several external diameters are equal is gone here and there in the outside of same vane axle, and the outer wall of several vanes covers is combined into a rotation wall; Between two adjacent vane covers, Sealing is installed.Propeller runner bias is arranged on the inside of runner, and runner interior separation is become to a meniscate inside vortex chamber; The rotation wall of propeller runner and the internal face of runner ring engagement motive sealing, in the outer wall of vane cover, be fixed with rotating shaft cover, the arc lower wall inside of blade has curve bath, rotating shaft in curve bath is arranged in the rotating shaft cover of vane cover, rotating shaft is enclosed within curve bath engagement and rotates, and between vane cover and blade, by rotating shaft, links rotation; The arc lower wall of blade and the engagement of propeller runner rotation wall are rotated; On the internal face of runner ring, have rotation trepanning and vane groove, the rotating shaft of blade is arranged in the rotation trepanning of runner ring, in blade precession vane groove, and the arc outer wall face of this blade and the engagement of the inwall of vane groove; On propeller runner, a vane cover chain is connected to a slice blade, the rotation of runner ring, and blade drives the vane cover on propeller runner to rotate around vane axle, and some blades are separated into several vortex chambers by meniscate inside vortex chamber.The inside of cylinder cap has interior suction passage and the interior discharge runner communicating with inside vortex chamber, and propeller runner rotates, and the vortex chamber between two adjacent blades communicates with interior suction passage rotation, and the volume of this vortex chamber progressively increases by zero, and fluid enters in vortex chamber; This vortex chamber and interior discharge runner rotating photo are logical, and the volume of this vortex chamber progressively dwindles, the fluid expulsion in vortex chamber.Vane control gear is comprised of fixed cylinder, vane connecting rod, vane, vane axle, equilibrium block and vane cover, one end of the fixed cylinder of this vane control gear and runner shaft are eccentric fixing, or these fixed cylinder two ends are fixed with left-hand rotation wheel shaft and right wheel eccentric shaft respectively; Fixed cylinder bias is arranged on runner inside, forms a meniscate inside vortex chamber, the outer wall top of fixed cylinder and the engagement of runner ring internal face.On the internal face of runner ring, have rotation trepanning and vane groove, the rotating shaft of vane is arranged in the rotation trepanning of runner ring, in vane precession vane groove, the arc outer wall face of this vane and the engagement of the inwall of vane groove, the arc inner wall face of this vane and the outer wall of fixed cylinder engagement motive sealing.Cylinder cap inside has vane chamber, and it is indoor that vane axle is arranged on vane, and one end of this vane axle and runner shaft are eccentric fixing, and the inwall of the other end and vane chamber is fixed; Vane axle outside is provided with more than one vane cover, between vane cover and vane axle, bearing member is installed, several vane cover strings are in the outside of same vane axle, in the outer wall of vane cover, be fixed with rotating shaft cover, vane small end has rotary shaft hole, in vane chamber, the rotating shaft of vane is fixedly mounted in rotary shaft hole, and the lower rotary shaft of this vane connecting rod is arranged in rotating shaft cover; Runner rotates, the rotating shaft of vane drives vane connecting rod to rotate, vane is enclosed within the drive of vane connecting rod and rotates around vane axle, and vane connecting rod drives the rotating shaft rotary oscillation of vane, and the top of the arc inner wall face of vane rotates with the outer wall motive sealing of fixed cylinder engagement; Equilibrium block is fixedly mounted on vane connecting rod or is fixedly mounted in the rotating shaft of vane, the opposed installation of equilibrium block and vane; Lubricant oil splash lubrication work under the turning effort of vane connecting rod that vane is indoor.Between the cylinder cap of binary vortices runner mechanism and cylinder seat, be fixed with cylinder sleeve, the runner bias of runner synchronous revolving mechanism is arranged on the inside of cylinder sleeve, cylinder sleeve interior separation is formed to a meniscate outer swirl chamber, the intermeshing motive sealing in inwall top of the outer wall of runner ring and cylinder sleeve, on the outer wall of runner runner ring, have blade groove, this blade groove communicates with rotation trepanning, and the root of blade interfixes with the rotating shaft in rotation trepanning, the outer arcuate wall of blade is divided into one section of top arc wall and one section of root circular arc wall, contact points on top arc face and inboard wall of cylinder liner engagement, the center of circle of the center of circle of the lower rotary shaft of this contact points and rotation connecting rod and vane cover is on same straight line, top arc wall is to take contact points to lower rotary shaft distance of center circle from the circular arc wall as radius, the radius of arc of root circular arc wall equates with the radius of arc of runner ring outer wall, the root curved wall of blade and inboard wall of cylinder liner engagement, rotating shaft is rotated, in blade precession blade groove, the arc wall of blade and the engagement of the inwall of blade groove, the outer arcuate wall of blade and the inwall of cylinder sleeve are intermeshing, in same rotating shaft, be fixed with a slice blade and a slice blade, blade waves rotation in swirl chamber outside, and blade waves rotation in inside vortex chamber, vane and blade with the binary vortices runner mechanism of vane control gear are fixed in same rotating shaft, outer swirl chamber has blade more than middle a slice, and some blades are separated into several outer vortex chambers by meniscate outer swirl chamber, and cylinder seat or cylinder cap are inner, have the outer suction passage and the outer discharge runner that communicate with outer swirl chamber, runner rotates, and the outer vortex chamber between two adjacent blades communicates with outer suction passage rotation, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber progressively increases by zero, and fluid enters in outer vortex chamber, this outer vortex chamber and outer discharge runner rotating photo are logical, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber progressively dwindles, the fluid expulsion in outer vortex chamber, the outer swirl chamber of binary vortices runner mechanism works alone, runner vane mechanism is comprised of runner, transmission shaft, vane control gear and cylinder body, rotaring wheeling sleeve is equipped with in one end of runner ring, the other end is equipped with runner dish, or two ends are provided with left-hand rotation wheel disc and right-hand rotation wheel disc, left-hand rotation wheel disc and right-hand rotation wheel disc are fixedly mounted on the axle outer wall of transmission shaft, and transmission shaft one end is arranged in cylinder seat, this transmission shaft the other end, through the inside of runner shaft, is arranged in the bearing support of cylinder cap, the outer wall of runner ring has rotation trepanning and blade groove, rotating shaft in rotation trepanning and the root of blade interfix, cylinder cap inside has vane chamber, it is indoor that vane axle is arranged on vane, one end of this vane axle and runner shaft are eccentric fixing, the inwall of the other end and vane chamber is fixed, vane axle outside is provided with more than one vane cover, between vane cover and vane axle, bearing member is installed, several vane cover strings are in the outside of same vane axle, in the outer wall of vane cover, be fixed with rotating shaft cover, vane small end has rotary shaft hole, rotating shaft in vane chamber is fixedly mounted in rotary shaft hole, the lower rotary shaft of this vane connecting rod is arranged in rotating shaft cover, runner rotates, the rotating shaft of blade drives vane connecting rod to rotate, vane is enclosed within the drive of vane connecting rod and rotates around vane axle, the rotating shaft rotary oscillation of vane connecting rod band moving vane, the top of blade and inboard wall of cylinder liner engagement motive sealing, in blade precession blade groove, the arc wall of blade and the engagement of the inwall of blade groove, the outer arcuate wall of blade and the engagement of the inwall of cylinder sleeve, outer swirl chamber has blade more than middle a slice, and some blades are separated into several outer vortex chambers by meniscate outer swirl chamber, and the inside of cylinder seat or cylinder cap has the outer suction passage and the outer discharge runner that communicate with outer swirl chamber, runner rotates, and the outer vortex chamber between two adjacent blades communicates with outer suction passage rotation, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber progressively increases by zero, and fluid enters in outer vortex chamber, this outer vortex chamber and outer discharge runner rotating photo are logical, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber progressively dwindles, the fluid expulsion in outer vortex chamber.
The present invention is further improved, the technical measures of taking are: the blade flexible working of runner synchronous revolving mechanism, in the rotating shaft cover interfixing with vane cover, have sliding-groove, flip sleeve and elastic component are installed in this sliding-groove, the lower rotary shaft of vane connecting rod is enclosed within flip sleeve, blade is subject to fluid resistance over setting value in swirl chamber outside, the top of this blade is separated with inboard wall of cylinder liner, flip sleeve in vane cover moves under the lower rotary shaft of vane connecting rod promotes, blade is subject to the resistance of fluid to be less than setting value, flip sleeve resets under the elastic pressure effect of elastic component, the inwall engagement rotation of blade and cylinder sleeve.
The present invention is further improved, and the technical measures of taking are: outside the runner vane mechanism of runner rotary fan, suction passage is connected with air intake pipe, and outer discharge runner is connected with exhaust duct; Transmission shaft or drive wheel rotate under the drive of prime mover, and runner rotary fan carries out gas transportation work; The motor of electric motor built-in runner runner rotary fan is arranged on runner inside, and arbor one end of motor interfixes with solid cylinder seat, and the vane axle of the other end of arbor and vane control gear interfixes; Motor rotates, and stator and the runner of motor rotate simultaneously.
The present invention is further improved, and the technical measures of taking are: the interior suction passage of runner rotary pumps runner synchronous revolving mechanism is connected with liquid inlet pipe, and interior discharge runner is connected with liquid-discharging tube; Liquid enters inside vortex chamber from liquid inlet pipe, under the rotation of runner and the squeezing action of vane, from the liquid-discharging tube being connected with interior discharge runner, discharges.
The present invention is further improved, the technical measures of taking are: outer suction passage and the intake pipe of runner convolution rotary wheel of water turbine vane mechanism are interconnected, outer discharge runner and draft tube are interconnected, press water promotes blade rotation from intake pipe enters in swirl chamber, blade drives runner rotation, transmission shaft outputting power; Outer suction passage and the oil inlet pipe of runner convolution oil hydraulic motor runner synchronous revolving mechanism interconnect, outer discharge runner and oil outlet tube are interconnected, pressure oil is entered and in inside vortex chamber, is promoted blade and rotate by oil inlet pipe, and runner is rotating drive work under the drive of blade.
The present invention is further improved, and the technical measures of taking are: the binary vortices runner mechanism of runner convolution compressor carries out twin-tub compression work in parallel or the work of twin-tub series connection two stage compression; Carry out twin-tub series operation, suction tude and the outer suction passage of runner convolution compressor are interconnected, outer discharge runner is connected mutually with interior suction passage, outlet pipe and outer discharge runner are interconnected, gas carries out one-level compression in swirl chamber outside, and the gas after compression is secondary compression in inside vortex chamber; Between outer discharge runner and interior suction passage, be connected with radiator, the gas after one-level compression enters secondary compression in inside vortex chamber after by radiator heat-dissipation; The multistage runner synchronous revolving mechanism of runner convolution compressor carries out multistage compression, on the vane axle of propeller runner or on the fixed cylinder of vane control gear, be mounted with one or more runner separator disc, the outer disk wall of this runner separator disc and the internal face of runner ring rotation engagement; A runner separator disc is separated into an one-level compression cylinder and a two stage compression cylinder by inside vortex chamber, the inside of runner separator disc has connecting passage, the discharge runner of one-level compression cylinder and the suction passage of two stage compression cylinder are interconnected by connecting passage, in same rotating shaft, be connected with one-level blade and two-stage blade, one-level blade is arranged in one-level compression cylinder, and two-stage blade is arranged in two stage compression cylinder; Runner rotates, and gas carries out one-level compression in one-level compression cylinder, and the gas after compression is entered and in two stage compression cylinder, carried out secondary compression by connecting passage.On the outer wall of runner ring, be fixed with radiating fin; The multistage runner vane mechanism of runner convolution compressor carries out multistage compression work, and the inwall of one or more runner separator disc and cylinder sleeve interfixes, and the internal ring wall face of runner separator disc rotates and meshes with the outer wall of runner; A runner separator disc is separated into an one-level compression cylinder and a two stage compression cylinder by outer swirl chamber; One grade blade and two grade blades are installed in same rotating shaft, and one-level blades installation is in one-level compression cylinder, and two-stage blades installation is in two stage compression cylinder.
The present invention is further improved, and the technical measures of taking are: the work of first class pressure gas expansion is carried out in the inside vortex chamber of runner convolution decompressor binary vortices runner mechanism, and the pressed gas after expansion enters outer swirl chamber and carries out reexpansion; Multistage runner convolution lazy-tongs or multistage runner vane mechanism are housed in runner convolution decompressor, and pressed gas is realized multistage expansion driving work.
The present invention is further improved, the technical measures of taking are: outside the binary vortices runner mechanism of runner convolution compressing expansion machine, discharge between runner and interior suction passage and be connected with condenser, gas compresses in swirl chamber outside, the high-temperature gas of discharging enters condenser and dispels the heat, and the pressed gas after heat radiation enters from interior suction passage the power-assisted work of expanding inside vortex chamber; Between interior discharge runner and outer suction passage, be connected with radiator, the gas that after release pressure, temperature is low enters outer swirl chamber periodic duty after entering radiator heat absorption; Runner convolution compression-expansion power engine carries out the work of pressurized gas heating expansion driven, in the binary vortices runner mechanism of runner convolution compression-expansion power engine, discharge between runner and outer suction passage and be connected with heater, gas compresses in inside vortex chamber, pressed gas after compression enters heater and heats, pressed gas after heating enters and in outer swirl chamber, carries out expansion driven work from outer suction passage, outer discharge runner is connected with outlet pipe, and the gas after expansion is discharged from outlet pipe.
The present invention is further improved, the technical measures of taking are: the multistage runner synchronous revolving mechanism of runner convolution motor is comprised of one-level or compression cylinder more than one-level and internal combustion cylinder, in one-level compression cylinder, propeller runner is installed, two grade blades are installed in two-stage compression cylinder, expansion blade is installed in internal combustion cylinder, the blade of two grade blades and expansion blade and propeller runner is fixedly mounted in same rotating shaft in runner ring, fuel ignition controller is housed on the cylinder cap of internal combustion cylinder, gas entered in the firing chamber that enters internal combustion cylinder after the above compression of one-level or one-level and expansion driven work after fuel oil mixed combustion, expansion blade drives the work of runner continuous rotation pressurized gas outputting power, runner rotation, internal combustion cylinder is rotated heat radiation.
The present invention is further improved, the technical measures of taking are: the outside of the multistage runner cyclotron mechanism of runner air breathing engine is provided with outer vortex fan, the blades installation of this outer vortex fan is outside in swirl chamber, the rotating shaft of blade and runner interfixes, the outer discharge runner of outer vortex fan is connected with main duct, burning nozzle chamber is installed in main duct, in this burning nozzle chamber, fuel injection igniter is installed, gas compresses a part and enters internal combustion expansion driven work in internal combustion cylinder in compression cylinder, the outlet pipe of compression cylinder is interconnected through fixed cylinder and the suction tude of burning nozzle chamber, pressurized gas enters the jet work of burning expansion in burning nozzle chamber.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of runner synchronous revolving of the present invention mechanism.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view that runner of the present invention is equipped with the synchronous revolving mechanism of propeller runner.
Fig. 3 is the scheme of installation of vane cover of the present invention and blade.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view that the runner synchronous revolving mechanism of driving component is equipped with in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that the runner synchronous revolving mechanism of solid cylinder is equipped with in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of runner vane of the present invention mechanism.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of binary vortices runner of the present invention mechanism.
Fig. 8 is blade flexible working schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of electric motor built-in runner rotary fan of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of runner vane of the present invention mechanism.
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of the runner convolution compressor of band radiator of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the work schematic diagram of twin-tub series connection runner convolution compressor of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the schematic diagram of runner convolution expansion compressor capable of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the schematic diagram of the synchronous cyclotron mechanism of the multistage runner of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the sectional view of runner convolution motor of the present invention.
Figure 16 is the schematic diagram of runner air breathing engine of the present invention.
Figure 17 is the schematic diagram of runner convolution compression-expansion power engine of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the schematic diagram of the multistage runner vane of the present invention mechanism.
Embodiment
The runner swirl gear 1 with the fluid dynamic machinery of runner swirl gear, is divided into runner synchronous revolving mechanism 2 as shown in Figure 1, binary vortices runner mechanism 3 as shown in Figure 7 and 4 three kinds of structure types of runner vane mechanism as shown in Figure 6; As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 4 shows, runner synchronous revolving mechanism 2 consists of runner 5, transmission shaft 7, cylinder body 8, propeller runner 6 or vane control gear 46.As shown in Figure 2, runner synchronous revolving mechanism 2 utilizes transmission shaft 7 transmissions, rotaring wheeling sleeve 10 is equipped with in runner 5 runner ring 9 one end, the other end of runner ring 9 is provided with runner dish 11, runner dish 11 is concentric fixing with transmission shaft 7 one end, the other end of this transmission shaft 7 is arranged in the bearing support 13 of cylinder seat 12, and transmission shaft 7 rotates, and runner 5 rotates between cylinder cap 14 and cylinder seat 12.Cylinder cap 14 inwalls are fixedly connected with runner shaft 15, and bearing member 17 is arranged in the bearing support 33 of rotaring wheeling sleeve 10, between runner shaft 15 and rotaring wheeling sleeve 10, by bearing member 17 and Sealing 16, support rotary dynamic seal; Between runner 5 cylinder caps 14 and cylinder seat 12, by body 8-1, be interconnected and fixed.As shown in Figure 4, runner synchronous revolving mechanism 2 utilizes drive wheel 18 transmissions, the outer wall of runner ring 9 is fixed with drive wheel 18, left-hand rotation wheel case 10 and right-hand rotation wheel case 10-1 are equipped with respectively in the two ends of runner ring 9, left-hand rotation wheel shaft 15 is arranged in left-hand rotation wheel case 10, in the bearing support 13 of left-hand rotation wheel case 10, bearing member 17 is installed, between left-hand rotation wheel shaft 15 and left-hand rotation wheel case 10, by bearing member 17 and Sealing 16, supports rotary dynamic seal; The inwall of cylinder seat 12 is fixed with right-hand rotation wheel shaft 15-1, right-hand rotation wheel shaft 15-1 is arranged in right-hand rotation wheel case 10-1, in the bearing support 13 of right-hand rotation wheel case 10-1, bearing member 17 is installed, between right-hand rotation wheel shaft 15-1 and right-hand rotation wheel case 10-1, by bearing member 17 and Sealing 16, supports rotary dynamic seal; Drive wheel 18 rotates, and runner 5 rotates between cylinder cap 14 and cylinder seat 12.As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the inside of runner 5 is provided with propeller runner 6, and this propeller runner 6 is comprised of with blade 21 more than a slice vane axle 19, more than one vane cover 20; The runner shaft 15 of vane axle 19 one end and cylinder cap 14 is eccentric fixing, and vane axle 19 or bias are fixed between left-hand rotation wheel shaft 15 and right-hand rotation wheel shaft 15-1; Between vane cover 20 and vane axle 19, bearing member 22 is installed, the vane cover 20 that several external diameters are equal is gone here and there in the outside of same vane axle 19, and the outer wall 23 of several vanes covers 19 is combined into a rotation wall 24; Between two adjacent vane covers 20, Sealing 25 is installed; Propeller runner 6 bias are arranged on the inside of runner 5, and runner 5 interior separations are formed into a meniscate inside vortex chamber 26; As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, the rotation wall 24 of propeller runner 6 and the 27 top engagement motive sealings of the inwall of runner ring 9, in the outer wall 23 of vane cover 20, be fixed with rotating shaft cover 28, arc lower wall 29 inside of blade 21 have curve bath 30, rotating shaft 31 in curve bath 30 is arranged in the rotating shaft cover 28 of vane cover 20, rotating shaft cover 28 engagement in curve bath 30 is rotated, and between vane cover 20 and blade 21, by rotating shaft 31, links rotation; The arc lower wall 32 of blade 21 rotates with propeller runner 6 rotation wall 24 engagements; On the internal face 27 of runner ring 9, have rotation trepanning 34 and vane groove 35, the rotating shaft 36 of blade 21 is arranged in the rotation trepanning 34 of runner ring 9, in blade 21 precession vane grooves 35, and the arc outer wall face 37 of this blade 21 and 38 engagements of the inwall of vane groove 35; On propeller runner 6, a vane overlaps 20 chains and is connected to a slice blade 21,9 rotations of runner ring, and blade 21 drives the vane cover 20 on propeller runners 6 to rotate around vane axle 19, and some blades 21 are separated into several vortex chambers 39 by meniscate inside vortex chamber 26; As shown in Figure 2, Figure 4 shows, the inside of cylinder cap 14 has the interior suction passage 40 and interior discharge runner 41 communicating with inside vortex chamber 26, propeller runner 6 rotates, vortex chamber 39 between two adjacent blades 21 communicates with interior suction passage 40 rotations, the volume of this vortex chamber 39 progressively increases by zero, and fluid 42 enters in vortex chamber 39; This vortex chamber 39 communicates with interior discharge runner 41 rotations, and the volume of this vortex chamber 39 progressively dwindles, and the fluid 42 in vortex chamber 39 is discharged.As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, vane control gear 46 is comprised of with vane cover 20 fixed cylinder 43, vane connecting rod 44, vane 45, vane axle 19, equilibrium block 49, one end of the fixed cylinder 43 of this vane control gear 46 and runner shaft 15 are eccentric fixing, or these fixed cylinder 43 two ends are eccentric fixing with right-hand rotation wheel shaft 15-1 with left-hand rotation wheel shaft 15 respectively; Fixed cylinder 43 bias are arranged on the inside of runner 5, and runner 5 interior separations are formed to a meniscate inside vortex chamber 26, the outer wall top of this fixed cylinder 43 and 9 internal face 27 engagements of runner ring.On the internal face 33 of runner ring 9, have rotation trepanning 34 and vane groove 35, the rotating shaft 36 of vane 45 is arranged in the rotation trepanning 34 of runner ring 9, in vane 45 precession vane grooves 35, the arc outer wall face 47 of this vane 45 and 38 engagements of the inwall of vane groove 35, the arc inner wall face 48 of this vane 45 meshes motive sealing with the outer wall of fixed cylinder 43, cylinder cap 14 inside have vane chamber 50, vane axle 19 is arranged in vane chamber 50, one end of this vane axle 19 and runner shaft 15 are eccentric fixing, the inwall of the other end and vane chamber 50 is fixed, vane axle 19 outsides are provided with more than one vane cover 20, between vane cover 20 and vane axle 19, bearing member 22 is installed, several vane cover 20 strings are in the outside of same vane axle 19, in the outer wall 23 of vane cover 20, be fixed with rotating shaft cover 28, vane connecting rod 44 upper ends have rotary shaft hole 51, in vane chamber 50, the rotating shaft 36 of vane 45 is fixedly mounted in rotary shaft hole 51, the lower rotary shaft 52 of this vane connecting rod 44 is arranged in rotating shaft cover 28, runner 5 rotates, the rotating shaft 36 of vane 45 drives vane connecting rod 44 to rotate, vane cover 20 rotates around vane axle 19 under the drive of vane connecting rod 44, vane connecting rod 44 drives rotating shaft 36 rotary oscillations of vane 45, arc inner wall face 48 tops of vane 45 and the outer wall motive sealing of fixed cylinder 43 engagement rotation, equilibrium block 49 is fixedly mounted on vane connecting rod 44 or is fixedly mounted in the rotating shaft 36 of vane 45, equilibrium block 49 and the opposed installation of vane 45, the splash lubrication work under the turning effort of vane connecting rod 44 of lubricant oil 81 in vane chamber 50.As shown in Figure 7, between the cylinder cap 14 of binary vortices runner mechanism 3 and cylinder seat 12, be fixed with cylinder sleeve 70, runner 5 bias of runner synchronous revolving mechanism 2 are arranged on the inside of cylinder sleeve 70, and cylinder sleeve 70 interior separations are formed to a meniscate outer swirl chamber 53; The outer wall 72 of runner ring 9 is intermeshing with inwall 71 tops of cylinder sleeve 70, and runner 5 runner ring 9 outer walls 72 have blade groove 52, and this blade groove 52 communicates with rotation trepanning 34, and the root of blade 54 interfixes with the rotating shaft 36 in rotation trepanning 34; The outer arcuate wall 57 of blade 54 is divided into one section of top arc wall 133 and one section of root circular arc wall 132, contact points 132 on top arc face 131 and cylinder sleeve 70 inwall 71 engagements, the center of circle of the lower rotary shaft 74 of this contact points 132 and rotation connecting rod 44 and the center of circle of vane cover 20 are on same straight line; Top arc wall 131 is to take contact points 132 to lower rotary shaft 74 distance of center circle from the circular arc wall as radius, the radius of arc of root circular arc wall 133 equates with the radius of arc of runner ring 9 outer walls 72, the root curved wall 133 of blade 54 and cylinder sleeve 70 inwall 71 engagements; Rotating shaft 36 is rotated, in blade 54 precession blade grooves 52, the arc wall 55 of blade 54 and 56 engagements of the inwall of blade groove 52, the outer arcuate wall 57 of blade 54 is intermeshing with the inwall 71 of cylinder sleeve 70, in same rotating shaft 36, be fixed with a slice blade 54 and a slice vane 21, blade 54 waves rotation in swirl chamber 53 outside, and blade 21 waves rotation in inside vortex chamber 26; Vane 45 with the binary vortices runner mechanism 3 of vane control gear 46 is fixed in same rotating shaft 36 with blade 54; Outer swirl chamber 53 has blade 54 more than middle a slice, and some blades 45 are separated into several outer vortex chambers 58 by meniscate outer swirl chamber 53, and cylinder seat 12 or cylinder cap 14 inside have the outer suction passage 59 and outer discharge runner 60 that communicate with outer vortex chamber 58; Runner 5 rotates, and the outer vortex chamber 58 between two adjacent blades 54 communicates with outer suction passage 59 rotations, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber 58 progressively increases by zero, and fluid 42 enters in outer vortex chamber 58; This outer vortex chamber 58 communicates with outer discharge runner 60 rotations, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber 58 progressively dwindles, and the fluid 42 in outer vortex chamber 58 is discharged.As shown in Fig. 6, Figure 10, the outer swirl chamber 53 of binary vortices runner mechanism 3 works alone, runner vane mechanism 4 is comprised of with cylinder body 8 runner 5, transmission shaft 7, vane control gear 46, rotaring wheeling sleeve 10 is equipped with in one end of runner ring 9, the other end is equipped with runner dish 11, or two ends are provided with left-hand rotation wheel disc 61 and right-hand rotation wheel disc 62, left-hand rotation wheel disc 61 is fixedly mounted on the axle outer wall of transmission shaft 7 with right-hand rotation wheel disc 62, transmission shaft 7 one end are arranged in cylinder seat 12, these transmission shaft 7 the other ends, through the inside of runner shaft 15, are arranged in the bearing support 63 of cylinder cap 14, the outer wall 72 of runner ring 9 has rotation trepanning 34 and blade groove 52, rotating shaft 36 in rotation trepanning 34 interfixes with the root of blade 54, cylinder cap 14 inside have vane chamber 50, vane axle 19 is arranged in vane chamber 50, one end of this vane axle 19 and runner shaft 15 are eccentric fixing, the inwall of the other end and vane chamber 50 is fixed, vane axle 19 outsides are provided with more than one vane cover 20, between vane cover 20 and vane axle 19, bearing member 22 is installed, several vane cover 20 strings are in the outside of same vane axle 19, in the outer wall 23 of vane cover 20, be fixed with rotating shaft cover 28, vane connecting rod 44 upper ends have rotary shaft hole 51, rotating shaft 36 in vane chamber 50 is fixedly mounted in rotary shaft hole 51, the lower rotary shaft 74 of this vane connecting rod 44 is arranged in rotating shaft cover 28, runner 5 rotates, the rotating shaft 36 of blade 54 drives vane connecting rod 44 to rotate, vane cover 20 rotates around vane axle 19 under the drive of vane connecting rod 44, vane connecting rod 44 is with rotating shaft 36 rotary oscillations of moving vane 54, the top of blade 54 and cylinder sleeve 70 inwall 71 engagement motive sealings, in blade 54 precession blade grooves 52, the arc wall 55 of blade 54 meshes with the inwall of blade groove 52, the outer arcuate wall 57 of blade 54 and 71 engagements of the inwall of cylinder sleeve 70, outer swirl chamber 53 has blade 54 more than middle a slice, and some blades 45 are separated into several outer vortex chambers 58 by meniscate outer swirl chamber 53, and cylinder seat 12 or cylinder cap 14 inside have the outer suction passage 59 and outer discharge runner 60 that communicate with outer swirl chamber 58, runner 5 rotates, and the outer vortex chamber 58 between two adjacent blades 54 communicates with outer suction passage 59 rotations, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber 58 progressively increases by zero, and fluid 42 enters in outer vortex chamber 58, this outer vortex chamber 58 communicates with outer discharge runner 60 rotations, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber 58 progressively dwindles, and the fluid 42 in outer vortex chamber 58 is discharged.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 8, blade 54 flexible workings of runner swirl gear 1, overlap in the 20 rotating shaft covers 28 that interfix and have sliding-groove 79 with vane, flip sleeve 64 and elastic component 65 are installed in this sliding-groove 79, the lower rotary shaft 74 of vane connecting rod 44 is enclosed within flip sleeve 64, blade 54 is subject to fluid resistance over setting value in swirl chamber 53 outside, the top of this blade 45 is separated with cylinder sleeve 70 inwalls 71, flip sleeve 64 in vane cover 20 moves under the lower rotary shaft 74 of vane connecting rod 44 promotes, blade 54 is subject to the resistance of fluid to be less than setting value, flip sleeve 64 resets under the elastic pressure effect of elastic component 65, blade 54 rotates with inwall 71 engagements of cylinder sleeve 70.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 9, the outer suction passage 59 of runner vane mechanism 4 of runner rotary fan 66 is connected with air intake pipe 67, and outer discharge runner 60 is connected with exhaust duct 68; Transmission shaft 7 or drive wheel 18 rotate under the drive of prime mover, and runner rotary fan 66 carries out gas transportation work; The motor 76 of electric motor built-in runner runner rotary fan 75 is arranged on runner 5 inside, and arbor 77 one end of motor 76 interfix with solid cylinder seat 12, and the vane axle 19 of the other end of arbor 77 and vane control gear 46 interfixes; Motor 76 rotates, and stator 78 and the runner 5 of motor 76 rotate simultaneously.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 2, the interior suction passage 40 of runner rotary pumps 80 runner synchronous revolving mechanisms 2 is connected with liquid inlet pipe 82, interior discharge runner 41 is connected with liquid-discharging tube 83, liquid enters inside vortex chamber 26 from liquid inlet pipe 82, under the rotation of runner 5 and the squeezing action of vane 21, from the liquid-discharging tube 83 being connected with interior discharge runner 41, discharges.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 6, the outer suction passage 59 of the runner vane mechanism 4 of runner convolution water turbine 84 is interconnected with intake pipe 85, outer discharge runner 60 is interconnected with draft tube 86, the interior promotion blade 54 of press water swirl chamber 53 from intake pipe 85 enters rotates, blade 54 drives runner 5 rotations, transmission shaft 7 outputting powers.As shown in Figure 4, the outer suction passage 59 of runner convolution oil hydraulic motor 87 runner synchronous revolving mechanisms 2 interconnects with oil inlet pipe 88, outer discharge runner 60 is interconnected with oil outlet tube 89, pressure oil is entered in inside vortex chamber 26 and is promoted blade 21 rotations by oil inlet pipe 88, and runner 5 is rotating drive work under the drive of blade 21.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 11, Figure 12, the binary vortices runner mechanism 3 of runner convolution compressor 90 carries out twin-tub compression work in parallel or the work of twin-tub series connection two stage compression, carry out twin-tub series operation, the suction tude 91 of runner convolution compressor 90 is interconnected with outer suction passage 59, outer discharge runner 60 is connected mutually with interior suction passage 40, outlet pipe 92 is interconnected with outer discharge runner 41, gas carries out one-level compression in swirl chamber 53 outside, and the gas after compression is secondary compression in inside vortex chamber 26, between outer discharge runner 60 and interior suction passage 40, be connected with radiator 93, the gas after one-level compression enters secondary compression in inside vortex chamber 26 after dispelling the heat by radiator 93, the multistage runner synchronous revolving 2-1 of mechanism of runner convolution compressor 90 carries out multistage compression, on the vane axle 19 of propeller runner 6 or on the fixed cylinder 43 of vane control gear 46, be mounted with one or more runner separator disc 94, the outer disk wall 95 of this runner separator disc 94 and the 27 rotation engagements of the internal face of runner ring 9, a runner separator disc 94 is separated into an one-level compression cylinder 96 and a two stage compression cylinder 97 by inside vortex chamber 26, the inside of runner separator disc 94 has connecting passage 98, the discharge runner 99 of one-level compression cylinder 96 is interconnected by connecting passage 98 with the suction passage 100 of two stage compression cylinder 97, in same rotating shaft 36, be connected with one-level blade 101 and two-stage blade 102, one-level blade 101 is arranged in one-level compression cylinder 96, two-stage blade 102 is arranged in two stage compression cylinder 97, runner 5 rotates, gas carries out one-level compression in one-level compression cylinder 96, gas after compression is entered and in two stage compression cylinder 97, is carried out secondary compression by connecting passage 98, on the outer wall 72 of runner ring 9, be fixed with radiating fin 103, as shown in figure 18, the multistage runner vane 4-1 of mechanism of runner convolution compressor 90 carries out multistage compression work, one or more runner separator disc 94 interfixes with the inwall 71 of cylinder sleeve 70, the internal ring wall face 104 of runner separator disc 94 and the 72 rotation engagements of the outer wall of runner 5, a runner separator disc 94 is separated into an one-level compression cylinder 96 and a two stage compression cylinder 97 by outer swirl chamber 53, one grade blade 105 and two grade blades 106 are installed in same rotating shaft 36, one grade blade 105 is arranged in one-level compression cylinder 96, and two grade blades 106 are arranged in two stage compression cylinder 97.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 14, the work of first class pressure gas expansion is carried out in the inside vortex chamber 26 of runner convolution decompressor 107 binary vortices runner mechanisms 3, and the pressed gas after expansion enters outer swirl chamber 53 and carries out reexpansion; In runner convolution decompressor 107, multistage runner convolution lazy-tongs 2-1 or the multistage runner vane 4-1 of mechanism are housed, pressed gas is realized multistage expansion driving work.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 13, between the outer discharge runner 60 of binary vortices runner mechanism 3 of runner convolution compressing expansion machine 108 and interior suction passage 40, be connected with condenser 109, gas compresses in swirl chamber 53 outside, the high-temperature gas of discharging enters condenser 109 and dispels the heat, pressed gas after heat radiation enters from interior suction passage 40 the power-assisted work of expanding inside vortex chamber 26, between interior discharge runner 41 and outer suction passage 59, be connected with radiator 110, the gas that after release pressure, temperature is low enters outer swirl chamber 53 periodic duties after entering radiator 110 heat absorptions.As shown in figure 17, runner convolution compression-expansion power engine 108 carries out the work of pressurized gas heating expansion driven, between the interior discharge runner 41 of binary vortices runner mechanism 3 of runner convolution compression-expansion power engine 111 and outer suction passage 59, be connected with heater 112, gas compresses in inside vortex chamber 26, pressed gas after compression enters heater 112 and heats, pressed gas after heating enters in outer swirl chamber 53 and carries out expansion driven work from outer suction passage 59, outer discharge runner 60 is connected with outlet pipe 113, and the gas after expansion is discharged from outlet pipe 113.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 15, the multistage runner synchronous revolving mechanism 130 of runner convolution motor 114 is comprised of with internal combustion cylinder 117 one-level or compression cylinder more than one-level 115, propeller runner 6 is installed in one-level compression cylinder 118, two grade blades 106 are installed in two-stage compression cylinder 119, expansion blade 120 is installed in internal combustion cylinder 117, two grade blades 106 are fixedly mounted in same rotating shaft 36 in runner ring 9 with the blade 21 of expansion blade 120 and propeller runner 6, on the cylinder cap 14 of internal combustion cylinder 117, fuel ignition controller 121 is housed, gas entered in the firing chamber 122 that enters internal combustion cylinder 117 after the above compression of one-level or one-level with fuel oil mixed combustion after expansion driven work, expansion blade 120 drives runner 5 continuous rotation pressurized gas outputting power work, runner 5 rotations, internal combustion cylinder 117 is rotated heat radiation.
As another embodiment of the invention, as shown in figure 16, the outside of the multistage runner cyclotron mechanism 130 of runner air breathing engine 134 is provided with outer vortex fan 123, the blade 54 of this outer vortex fan 123 is arranged in outer swirl chamber 53, blade 54 interfixes with the rotating shaft 36 of runner 5, the outer discharge runner 124 of outer vortex fan 123 is connected with main duct 125, burning nozzle chamber 126 is installed in main duct 125, in this burning nozzle chamber 126, fuel injection igniter 127 is installed, gas compresses a part and enters internal combustion expansion driven work in internal combustion cylinder 117 in compression cylinder 115, the outlet pipe 128 of compression cylinder 115 is interconnected through fixed cylinder 43 and the suction tude 129 of burning nozzle chamber 126, pressurized gas enters the jet work of burning expansion in burning nozzle chamber 126.

Claims (10)

1. there is the runner slew gear (1) of the fluid dynamic machinery of runner slew gear, be divided into runner synchronous revolving mechanism (2), binary vortices runner mechanism (3) and (4) three kinds of structure types of runner vane mechanism; Runner synchronous revolving mechanism (2) is made up of runner (5), power transmission shaft (7), cylinder body (8), propeller runner (6) or vane control device (46); Runner synchronous revolving mechanism (2) utilizes power transmission shaft (7) transmission, rotaring wheeling sleeve (10) is equipped with in runner (5) runner ring (9) one end, the other end of runner ring (9) is provided with runner dish (11), runner dish (11) is concentric fixing with power transmission shaft (7) one end, the other end of this power transmission shaft (7) is arranged in the bearing block (13) of cylinder seat (12), this power transmission shaft (7) rotates, and runner (5) rotates between cylinder cap (14) and cylinder seat (12); Cylinder cap (14) inwall is fixedly connected with runner shaft (15), bearing part (17) is arranged in the bearing block (33) of rotaring wheeling sleeve (10), between runner shaft (15) and rotaring wheeling sleeve (10), supports rotary dynamic seal by bearing part (17) and seal (16); Between runner (5) cylinder cap (14) and cylinder seat (12), be interconnected and fixed by body (8-1); Runner synchronous revolving mechanism (2) utilizes drive (18) transmission, on the outer wall of runner ring (9), be fixed with drive (18), left-hand rotation wheel case (10) and right-hand rotation wheel case (10-1) are equipped with respectively in the two ends of runner ring (9), left-hand rotation wheel shaft (15) is arranged in left-hand rotation wheel case (10), in the bearing block (13) of left-hand rotation wheel case (10), bearing part (17) is installed, between left-hand rotation wheel shaft (15) and left-hand rotation wheel case (10), supports rotary dynamic seal by bearing part (17) and seal (16); The inwall of cylinder seat (12) is fixed with right-hand rotation wheel shaft (15-1), right-hand rotation wheel shaft (15-1) is arranged in right-hand rotation wheel case (10-1), in the bearing block (13) of right-hand rotation wheel case (10-1), bearing part (17) is installed, between right-hand rotation wheel shaft (15-1) and right-hand rotation wheel case (10-1), supports rotary dynamic seal by bearing part (17) and seal (16); Drive (18) rotates, and runner (5) rotates between cylinder cap (14) and cylinder seat (12); The inside of runner (5) is provided with propeller runner (6), and this propeller runner (6) is made up of with blade (21) more than a slice vane axle (19), more than one vane cover (20); The runner shaft (15) of vane axle (19) one end and cylinder cap (14) is eccentric fixing, and vane axle (19) or bias are fixed between left-hand rotation wheel shaft (15) and right-hand rotation wheel shaft (15-1); Between vane cover (20) and vane axle (19), bearing part (22) is installed, the vane cover (20) that several external diameters are equal is gone here and there in the outside of same vane axle (19), and the outside wall surface (23) of several vane covers (19) is combined into a rotation wall (24); Between two adjacent vane covers (20), seal (25) is installed; Propeller runner (6) bias is arranged on the inside of runner (5),Runner (5) interior separation is formed to a meniscate inside vortex chamber (26); The rotation wall (24) of propeller runner (6) engages movable sealing with the rotation of the inwall top (27) of runner ring (9), in the outside wall surface (23) of vane cover (20), be fixed with rotating shaft cover (28), arc lower wall (29) inside of blade (21) has deep-slotted chip breaker (30), rotating shaft (31) in deep-slotted chip breaker (30) is arranged in the rotating shaft cover (28) of vane cover (20), rotating shaft cover (28) engages rotation in deep-slotted chip breaker (30), between vane cover (20) and blade (21), links rotation by rotating shaft (31); The arc lower wall (32) of blade (21) engages rotation with propeller runner (6) rotation wall (24); On the internal face (27) of runner ring (9), have rotation trepanning (34) and vane groove (35), the rotating shaft (36) of blade (21) is arranged in the rotation trepanning (34) of runner ring (9), in blade (21) precession vane groove (35), the arc outer wall face (37) of this blade (21) engages with the inwall (38) of vane groove (35); The upper vane cover of propeller runner (6) (20) chain is connected to a slice blade (21), runner ring (9) rotation, blade (21) drives the vane cover (20) on propeller runner (6) to rotate around vane axle (19), and meniscate inside vortex chamber (26) is separated into several vortex chambers (39) by some blades (21); The inside of cylinder cap (14) has the interior suction passage (40) and interior discharge runner (41) that communicate with inside vortex chamber (26), propeller runner (6) rotates, vortex chamber (39) between two adjacent blades (21) communicates with interior suction passage (40) rotation, the volume of this vortex chamber (39) progressively increases by zero, and fluid (42) enters in vortex chamber (39); This vortex chamber (39) communicates with interior discharge runner (41) rotation, and the volume of this vortex chamber (39) progressively dwindles, and the fluid (42) in vortex chamber (39) is discharged; Vane control device (46) is made up of with vane cover (20) fixed cylinder (43), vane connecting rod (44), vane (45), vane axle (19), balance weight (49), one end of the fixed cylinder (43) of this vane control device (46) and runner shaft (15) are eccentric fixing, or this fixed cylinder (43) two ends are eccentric fixing with left-hand rotation wheel shaft (15) and right-hand rotation wheel shaft (15-1) respectively; Fixed cylinder (43) bias is arranged on the inside of runner (5), and runner (5) interior separation is formed to a meniscate inside vortex chamber (26), and engage with runner ring (9) internal face (27) at the outer wall top of this fixed cylinder (43); On the internal face (27) of runner ring (9), have rotation trepanning (34) and vane groove (35), the rotating shaft (36) of vane (45) is arranged in the rotation trepanning (34) of runner ring (9), in vane (45) precession vane groove (35), the arc outer wall face (47) of this vane (45) engages with the inwall (38) of vane groove (35)The arc inner wall face (48) of this vane (45) is intermeshing with the outside wall surface of fixed cylinder (43), cylinder cap (14) inside has vane chamber (50), vane axle (19) is arranged in vane chamber (50), one end of this vane axle (19) and runner shaft (15) are eccentric fixing, the inwall of the other end and vane chamber (50) is fixed, vane axle (19) outside is provided with more than one vane cover (20), between vane cover (20) and vane axle (19), bearing part (22) is installed, several vane cover (20) strings are in the outside of same vane axle (19), in the outside wall surface (23) of vane cover (20), be fixed with rotating shaft cover (28), vane connecting rod (44) upper end has shaft hole (51), in vane chamber (50), the rotating shaft (36) of vane (45) is fixedly mounted in shaft hole (51), the lower rotary shaft (74) of this vane connecting rod (44) is arranged in rotating shaft cover (28), runner (5) rotates, the rotating shaft (36) of vane (45) drives vane connecting rod (44) to rotate, vane cover (20) rotates around vane axle (19) under the drive of vane connecting rod (44), vane connecting rod (44) drives rotating shaft (36) rotary oscillation of vane (45), and rotation is engaged with the outside wall surface movable sealing of fixed cylinder (43) in the top of vane (45) arc inner wall face (48), balance weight (49) is fixedly mounted on vane connecting rod (44) above or is fixedly mounted in the rotating shaft (36) of vane (45), balance weight (49) and the opposed installation of vane (45), lubricating oil (81) the splash lubrication work under the turning effort of vane connecting rod (44) in vane chamber (50), between the cylinder cap (14) of binary vortices runner mechanism (3) and cylinder seat (12), be fixed with cylinder sleeve (70), runner (5) bias of runner synchronous revolving mechanism (2) is arranged on the inside of cylinder sleeve (70), and cylinder sleeve (70) interior separation is formed to a meniscate outer swirl chamber (53), the outer wall (72) of runner ring (9) is intermeshing with inwall (71) top of cylinder sleeve (70), on runner ring (9) outer wall (72) of runner (5), have blade groove (52), this blade groove (52) communicates with rotation trepanning (34), and the root of blade (54) interfixes with the rotating shaft (36) in rotation trepanning (34), the outer arcuate wall (57) of blade (54) is divided into one section of top arc wall (133) and one section of root circular arc wall (132), meshing point (132) on top arc face (131) engages with cylinder sleeve (70) inwall (71), the center of circle of lower rotary shaft (74) of this meshing point (132) and rotation connecting rod (44) and the center of circle of vane cover (20) are on same straight line, top arc wall (131) is to lower rotary shaft (74) distance of center circle from the circular arc wall as radius taking meshing point (132), the arc radius of root circular arc wall (133) equates with the arc radius of runner ring (9) outer wall (72), the root curved wall (133) of blade (54) engages with cylinder sleeve (70) inwall (71), rotating shaft (36) is rotated,In blade (54) precession blade groove (52), the arc wall (55) of blade (54) engages with the inwall (56) of blade groove (52), in same rotating shaft (36), be fixed with a slice blade (54) and a slice blade (21), blade (54) waves rotation in swirl chamber (53) outside, and blade (21) waves rotation in inside vortex chamber (26), vane (45) with the binary vortices runner mechanism (3) of vane control device (46) is fixed in same rotating shaft (36) with blade (54), outer swirl chamber (53) has blade (54) more than middle a slice, meniscate outer swirl chamber (53) is separated into several outer vortex chambers (58) by some blades (45), cylinder seat (12) or cylinder cap (14) inside, have the outer suction passage (59) and outer discharge runner (60) that communicate with outer vortex chamber (58), runner (5) rotates, and the outer vortex chamber (58) between two adjacent blades (54) communicates with outer suction passage (59) rotation, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber (58) progressively increases by zero, and fluid (42) enters in outer vortex chamber (58), this outer vortex chamber (58) communicates with outer discharge runner (60) rotation, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber (58) progressively dwindles, and the fluid (42) in outer vortex chamber (58) is discharged, the outer swirl chamber (53) of binary vortices runner mechanism (3) works alone, runner vane mechanism (4) is by runner (5), power transmission shaft (7), vane control device (46) and cylinder body (8) composition, rotaring wheeling sleeve (10) is equipped with in one end of runner ring (9), the other end is equipped with runner dish (11), or two ends are provided with left-hand rotation wheel disc (61) and right-hand rotation wheel disc (62), left-hand rotation wheel disc (61) is fixedly mounted on the axle outer wall of power transmission shaft (7) with right-hand rotation wheel disc (62), power transmission shaft (7) one end is arranged in cylinder seat (12), this power transmission shaft (7) other end is through the inside of runner shaft (15), be arranged in the bearing block (63) of cylinder cap (14), the outer wall (72) of runner ring (9) has rotation trepanning (34) and blade groove (52), rotating shaft (36) in rotation trepanning (34) interfixes with the root of blade (54), cylinder cap (14) inside has vane chamber (50), vane axle (19) is arranged in vane chamber (50), one end of this vane axle (19) and runner shaft (15) are eccentric fixing, the inwall of the other end and vane chamber (50) is fixed, vane axle (19) outside is provided with more than one vane cover (20), between vane cover (20) and vane axle (19), bearing part (22) is installed, several vane cover (20) strings are in the outside of same vane axle (19), in the outside wall surface (23) of vane cover (20), be fixed with rotating shaft cover (28), vane connecting rod (44) upper end has shaft hole (51), rotating shaft (36) in vane chamber (50) is fixedly mounted in shaft hole (51), the lower rotary shaft (74) of this vane connecting rod (44) is arranged in rotating shaft cover (28), runner (5) rotates, and the rotating shaft (36) of blade (54) drives vane connecting rod (44) to rotate,Vane cover (20) rotates around vane axle (19) under the drive of vane connecting rod (44), rotating shaft (36) rotary oscillation of vane connecting rod (44) band moving vane (54), movable sealing is engaged with cylinder sleeve (70) inwall (71) in the top of blade (54), in blade (54) precession blade groove (52), the arc wall (55) of blade (54) engages with the inwall of blade groove (52), and the outer arcuate wall (57) of blade (54) engages with the inwall (71) of cylinder sleeve (70); Outer swirl chamber (53) has blade (54) more than middle a slice, meniscate outer swirl chamber (53) is separated into several outer vortex chambers (58) by some blades (45), cylinder seat (12) or cylinder cap (14) inside, have the outer suction passage (59) and outer discharge runner (60) that communicate with outer swirl chamber (58); Runner (5) rotates, and the outer vortex chamber (58) between two adjacent blades (54) communicates with outer suction passage (59) rotation, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber (58) progressively increases by zero, and fluid (42) enters in outer vortex chamber (58); This outer vortex chamber (58) communicates with outer discharge runner (60) rotation, and the volume of this outer vortex chamber (58) progressively dwindles, and the fluid (42) in outer vortex chamber (58) is discharged.
2. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: blade (54) flexible working, in the rotating shaft cover (28) interfixing with vane cover (20), have sliding-groove (79), flip sleeve (64) and elastic component (65) are installed in this sliding-groove (79), the lower rotary shaft (74) of vane connecting rod (44) is enclosed within flip sleeve (64), blade (54) is subject to fluid resistance over setting value in swirl chamber (53) outside, the top of this blade (45) is separated with cylinder sleeve (70) inwall (71), flip sleeve (64) in vane cover (20) is mobile under the lower rotary shaft (74) of vane connecting rod (44) promotes, blade (54) is subject to the resistance of fluid to be less than setting value, flip sleeve (64) resets under the elastic pressure effect of elastic component (65), blade (54) rotates with inwall (71) engagement of cylinder sleeve (70).
3. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 1 and 2, carry out gas transportation work, it is characterized in that: the outer suction passage of runner vane mechanism (4) (59) of runner rotary fan (66) is connected with air intake pipe (67), and outer discharge runner (60) is connected with exhaust duct (68); Transmission shaft (7) or drive wheel (18) rotate under the drive of prime mover, and runner rotary fan (66) carries out gas transportation work; The motor (76) of electric motor built-in runner runner rotary fan (75) is arranged on runner (5) inside, arbor (77) one end of motor (76) interfixes with solid cylinder seat (12), and the vane axle (19) of the other end of arbor (77) and vane control gear (46) interfixes; Motor (76) rotates, and the stator (78) of motor (76) rotates with runner (5) simultaneously.
4. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 1 and 2, carry out liquid transportation work, it is characterized in that: the interior suction passage (40) of runner rotary pumps (80) runner synchronous revolving mechanism (2) is connected with liquid inlet pipe (82), interior discharge runner (41) is connected with liquid-discharging tube (83), liquid enters inside vortex chamber (26) from liquid inlet pipe (82), under the rotation of runner (5) and the squeezing action of vane (21), from the liquid-discharging tube (83) being connected with interior discharge runner (41), discharges.
5. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 1 and 2, carry out fluid pressure driving work, it is characterized in that: the outer suction passage (59) of the runner vane mechanism (4) of runner convolution water turbine (84) is interconnected with intake pipe (85), outer discharge runner (60) is interconnected with draft tube (86), press water promotes blade (54) and rotates from intake pipe (85) enters in swirl chamber (53), blade (54) drives runner (5) rotation, transmission shaft (7) outputting power; The outer suction passage (59) of runner convolution oil hydraulic motor (87) runner synchronous revolving mechanism (2) interconnects with oil inlet pipe (88), outer discharge runner (60) is interconnected with oil outlet tube (89), pressure oil enters promotion blade (21) in inside vortex chamber (26) by oil inlet pipe (88) and rotates, runner (5) rotating drive work under the drive of blade (21).
6. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 1 and 2, carry out gas compression work, it is characterized in that: the binary vortices runner mechanism (3) of runner convolution compressor (90) carries out twin-tub compression work in parallel or the work of twin-tub series connection two stage compression, carry out twin-tub series operation, the suction tude (91) of runner convolution compressor (90) is interconnected with outer suction passage (59), outer discharge runner (60) is connected mutually with interior suction passage (40), outlet pipe (92) is interconnected with outer discharge runner (41), gas carries out one-level compression in swirl chamber (53) outside, and the gas after compression is secondary compression in inside vortex chamber (26), between outer discharge runner (60) and interior suction passage (40), be connected with radiator (93), the gas after one-level compression enters secondary compression in inside vortex chamber (26) after dispelling the heat by radiator (93), the multistage runner synchronous revolving mechanism (2-1) of runner convolution compressor (90) carries out multistage compression, the vane axle (19) of propeller runner (6) above or on the fixed cylinder (43) of vane control gear (46) is mounted with one or more runner separator disc (94), the outer disk wall (95) of this runner separator disc (94) and the internal face (27) of runner ring (9) rotation engagement, a runner separator disc (94) is separated into an one-level compression cylinder (96) and a two stage compression cylinder (97) by inside vortex chamber (26), the inside of runner separator disc (94) has connecting passage (98), the discharge runner (99) of one-level compression cylinder (96) is interconnected by connecting passage (98) with the suction passage (100) of two stage compression cylinder (97), in same rotating shaft (36), be connected with one-level blade (101) and two-stage blade (102), one-level blade (101) is arranged in one-level compression cylinder (96), two-stage blade (102) is arranged in two stage compression cylinder (97), runner (5) rotates, gas carries out one-level compression in one-level compression cylinder (96), gas after compression is entered in two stage compression cylinder (97) and is carried out secondary compression by connecting passage (98), on the outer wall (72) of runner ring (9), be fixed with radiating fin (103), the multistage runner vane mechanism (4-1) of runner convolution compressor (90) carries out multistage compression work, one or more runner separator disc (94) interfixes with the inwall (71) of cylinder sleeve (70), the internal ring wall face (104) of runner separator disc (94) and the outer wall (72) of runner (5) rotation engagement, a runner separator disc (94) is separated into an one-level compression cylinder (96) and a two stage compression cylinder (97) by outer swirl chamber (53), one grade blade (105) and two grade blades (106) are installed in same rotating shaft (36), one grade blade (105) is arranged in one-level compression cylinder (96), and two grade blades (106) are arranged in two stage compression cylinder (97).
7. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 6, carry out the work of gas expansion pressure-driven, it is characterized in that: the work of first class pressure gas expansion is carried out in the inside vortex chamber (26) of runner convolution decompressor (107) binary vortices runner mechanism (3), and the pressed gas after expansion enters outer swirl chamber (53) and carries out reexpansion; Multistage runner revolution lazy-tongs (2-1) or multistage runner vane mechanism (4-1) are housed in runner convolution decompressor (107), and pressed gas is realized multistage expansion driving work.
8. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 7, carry out gas expansion pressure and carry out gas compression work, it is characterized in that: the outer discharge between runner (60) and interior suction passage (40) of binary vortices runner mechanism (3) of runner convolution compressing expansion machine (108) is connected with condenser (109), gas compresses in swirl chamber (53) outside, the high-temperature gas of discharging enters condenser (109) and dispels the heat, pressed gas after heat radiation enters from interior suction passage (40) the power-assisted work of expanding inside vortex chamber (26), between interior discharge runner (41) and outer suction passage (59), be connected with radiator (110), the gas that after release pressure, temperature is low enters outer swirl chamber (53) periodic duty after entering radiator (110) heat absorption, runner convolution compression-expansion power engine (108) carries out the work of pressurized gas heating expansion driven, in the binary vortices runner mechanism (3) of runner convolution compression-expansion power engine (111), discharge between runner (41) and outer suction passage (59) and be connected with heater (112), gas compresses in inside vortex chamber (26), pressed gas after compression enters heater (112) and heats, pressed gas after heating enters in outer swirl chamber (53) and carries out expansion driven work from outer suction passage (59), and outer discharge runner (60) is connected with outlet pipe (113), after expanding, gas is discharged from outlet pipe (113).
9. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 6, carry out gas internal combustion expansion work, it is characterized in that: the multistage runner synchronous revolving mechanism (130) of runner convolution motor (114) is comprised of with internal combustion cylinder (117) one-level or compression cylinder more than one-level (115), propeller runner (6) is installed in one-level compression cylinder (118), two grade blades (106) are installed in two-stage compression cylinder (119), expansion blade (120) is installed in internal combustion cylinder (117), two grade blades (106) are fixedly mounted in the same rotating shaft (36) in runner ring (9) with the blade (21) of expansion blade (120) and propeller runner (6), on the cylinder cap (14) of internal combustion cylinder (117), fuel ignition controller (121) is housed, gas entered in the firing chamber (122) that enters internal combustion cylinder (117) after the above compression of one-level or one-level with fuel oil mixed combustion after expansion driven work, expansion blade (120) drives the work of runner (5) continuous rotation pressurized gas outputting power, runner (5) rotation, internal combustion cylinder (117) is rotated heat radiation.
10. the fluid dynamic machinery with runner swirl gear according to claim 9, carry out the jet work of gaseous combustion, it is characterized in that: the outside of the multistage runner cyclotron mechanism (130) of runner air breathing engine (134) is provided with outer vortex fan (123), the blade (54) of this outer vortex fan (123) is arranged in outer swirl chamber (53), blade (54) interfixes with the rotating shaft (36) of runner (5), the outer discharge runner (124) of outer vortex fan (123) is connected with main duct (125), burning nozzle chamber (126) is installed in main duct (125), in this burning nozzle chamber (126), fuel injection igniter (127) is installed, gas compresses a part and enters internal combustion expansion driven work in internal combustion cylinder (117) in compression cylinder (115), the outlet pipe (128) of compression cylinder (115) is interconnected through fixed cylinder (43) and the suction tude (129) of burning nozzle chamber (126), pressurized gas enters the jet work of burning expansion in burning nozzle chamber (126).
CN201410180375.0A 2014-05-04 2014-05-04 Hydrodynamic force machine with rotating wheel slewing mechanism Pending CN103953395A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410180375.0A CN103953395A (en) 2014-05-04 2014-05-04 Hydrodynamic force machine with rotating wheel slewing mechanism

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107984601A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-04 李克峰 A kind of prefabricated aerated core inflation preheating device of building concrete
CN108201733A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-06-26 黄秋婵 A kind of novel waste water treatment device
CN108211499A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-06-29 黄秋婵 A kind of wastewater treatment equipment of environmental protection
CN115007091A (en) * 2022-06-06 2022-09-06 杨文丽 Pipeline reactor for fine chemical production
CN115007091B (en) * 2022-06-06 2024-02-09 杨文丽 Pipeline reactor for fine chemical production

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108201733A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-06-26 黄秋婵 A kind of novel waste water treatment device
CN108211499A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-06-29 黄秋婵 A kind of wastewater treatment equipment of environmental protection
CN107984601A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-04 李克峰 A kind of prefabricated aerated core inflation preheating device of building concrete
CN115007091A (en) * 2022-06-06 2022-09-06 杨文丽 Pipeline reactor for fine chemical production
CN115007091B (en) * 2022-06-06 2024-02-09 杨文丽 Pipeline reactor for fine chemical production

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Application publication date: 20140730