CN203514336U - Embedded foundation of composite wallboard - Google Patents

Embedded foundation of composite wallboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203514336U
CN203514336U CN201320637220.6U CN201320637220U CN203514336U CN 203514336 U CN203514336 U CN 203514336U CN 201320637220 U CN201320637220 U CN 201320637220U CN 203514336 U CN203514336 U CN 203514336U
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China
Prior art keywords
wallboard
embedded
basis
reinforced concrete
concrete
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320637220.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
种迅
叶献国
徐勤
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Hefei University of Technology
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Hefei University of Technology
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Priority to CN201320637220.6U priority Critical patent/CN203514336U/en
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Publication of CN203514336U publication Critical patent/CN203514336U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an embedded foundation of a composite wallboard. The embedded foundation of the composite wallboard comprises a half-assembly composite reinforced concrete wallboard and a cast-in-situ reinforced concrete type embedded foundation with a groove. Concrete is cast in situ in the core area of the half-assembly composite reinforced concrete wallboard and the foundation groove after the hoisting positioning of the prefabricated portion located in the half-assembly composite reinforced concrete wallboard is achieved and accordingly the composite wallboard and the embedded foundation are cast into a whole to form a build-in node which is good in stress. According to the embedded foundation of the composite wallboard, the embedded foundation form is adopted, the groove foundation and the composite wallboard form into a whole through post-cast concrete, the stress performance of the embedded foundation is close to the cast-in-situ concrete structure, the good built-in end can be formed, and accordingly the problems that the ductility is poor due to the fact that the deformation of the composite board type shear wall is concentrated close to horizontal joints under the action of horizontal earthquakes and the top section of a foundation of a composite basement outer wallboard is low in flexural bearing capacity and easy to leak are effectively solved.

Description

The embedded basis of a kind of superimposed wallboard
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of structural engineering, relates in particular to the embedded basis of a kind of superimposed wallboard.
Background technology
Partly assemble superimposed wallboard generally as the main lateral resistant member of reinforced concrete structure, form superimposed board-like shear wall structure.The pre-erection of superimposed wallboard is comprised of two-layer precast plate and the lattice reinforcing bar that plays connection function.After the on-the-spot installation in position of prefabricated units, necessary steel bar stress and distributing bar are set, at the core position of prefabricated panel, the position concreting such as edge member, thereby form superposed type force structure.The basis that superimposed wallboard is conventional connects the form that adopts horizontal piece, utilize basic joint bar to extend in the core cast-in-situ concrete of superimposed wallboard, thereby the load that structure is born passes to basis.The elastoplasticity reaction of the superimposed board-like shear wall that adopts this base configuration form under horizontal earthquake action is deformed into master with " waving ", the continuous opening and closing of piece between wall and basis under course under cyclic loading, concentration of plastic deformation is near piece, deformability to concrete and reinforcing bar is had relatively high expectations, and causes structure ductility poor compared with cast-in-place concrete shear wall.
Superimposed wallboard also can be used as the side fascia (retaining wall) of basement.Now, under earth lateral pressure effect, wallboard be take and born moment-out-plane as main.Yet, superimposed wallboard is in horizontal piece cross section, basic top, stressed longitudinal reinforcement is the basic joint bar being arranged in the cast-in-situ concrete of wallboard core, therefore under moment-out-plane effect, bottom section effective height greatly reduces, and section bearing capacity reduces, and becomes stressed weak link, when waterproof measure is dealt with improperly, this position easily produces the hidden danger of quality such as infiltration.
In order to improve the stress performance of superimposed wallboard under horizontal earthquake action and lateral earth pressure effect, it is reached and be equal to the stressed object of cast-in-place concrete shear wall, can adopt embedded basis.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is in order to make up the deficiency of prior art, provides a kind of superimposed wallboard embedded basis.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The embedded basis of a kind of superimposed wallboard, it is characterized in that: include half assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel and form with the embedded basis with reeded cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete, after described pre-erection lifting location of partly assembling in superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel, by cast-in-situ concrete in partly assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel core space and basic groove, superimposed wallboard and embedded basis are watered and built up integral body, form stressed good build-in node.
Described embedded basis can be used for flat raft basis, beam raft foundation, strip foundation or pile foundation bar shaped cushion cap under shear wall, also can be used for superposed type outer wall of basement plate base.
The described superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel that partly assembles is used as while bearing the shear wall of larger horizontal loading, and embedded basic planted agent arranges basic joint bar, stretches in half assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel core cast-in-situ concrete; When described superimposed wallboard is used as the basement wall, basic joint bar can be set.
Prefabricated panel external surface in described embedding basis and basic recess sidewall inner surface all should be taked to scrape the measures such as hair and make its roughening.
Described reinforced concrete embedded basic recess sidewall planted agent arranges steel bar stress.
Described superimposed wallboard bottommost one row of horizontal reinforcing bar should weld with vertical applied force reinforcing bar.
Described rear pouring concrete should adopt microlith slightly expanded concrete.
The described construction method of partly assembling the embedded basis of superimposed wallboard, is characterized in that: specifically include following steps:
(1) first colligation reinforcement foundation concreting form groove, and groove cross section is trapezoidal, and bottom width is (h+100) mm, and top width is (h+150) mm, and h is superimposed wallboard thickness;
(2) recess sidewall inner surface and prefabricated panel being embedded to inside grooves divides external surface to adopt to scrape the measures such as hair and makes it coarse;
(3) at basic groove top, place square spacer pad, prefabricated panel is inserted in groove, be placed on spacer pad, the object one of placement positioning cushion block is to utilize it to prefabricated panel, to carry out leveling, the 2nd, reserving gaps between wallboard bottom and basic groove top, makes prefabricated panel core space and groove inner concrete can connect into integral body.Cushion block height is about 40mm;
(4) proofread and correct after the verticality and position of prefabricated panel, by positioning supports, fix;
(5) colligation situ part reinforcing bar, formwork;
(6) in superimposed sheet nucleus and spill basis, build microlith slightly expanded concrete, vibrate and maintenance, superimposed wallboard and basis are formed whole.
For meeting the build-in requirement of shear wall, its insert depth should not be too little, general desirable h~1.5h, and h is shear wall thickness.If now in wallboard, the anchorage length of Reinforcement is undesirable, can be by superimposed wallboard bottommost one row of horizontal reinforcing bar and the welding of vertical applied force reinforcing bar, to improve its anchorage effect;
When superimposed wallboard is when bearing the shear wall of larger horizontal loading, for preventing that under Moment, the destruction of extracting along basic groove occurs tensile region shear wall, basic planted agent arranges basic joint bar, stretches in the cast-in-situ concrete of superimposed wallboard core.Joint bar can be two rows, also can be easy construction only at the larger reinforcing bar of intermediate arrangement one row's diameter; When superimposed wallboard is used as the basement wall, because the moment of flexure of bearing is relatively little, in the situation that shear wall insert depth is enough, can there is not the destruction of extracting along groove, therefore basic joint bar can be set.
For strengthening the frictional force between wallboard and basic groove, the prefabricated panel external surface in embedding basis and basic recess sidewall inner surface all should take to scrape the measures such as hair makes its roughening.
Embedded basic recess sidewall planted agent according to circumstances arranges steel bar stress, curved to prevent, break bad.
For improving joints performance, convenient construction, alleviates the difficulty of vibrating, and rear pouring concrete should adopt microlith slightly expanded concrete.
The utility model has the advantages that:
The basic type of attachment of the horizontal piece of employing that the utility model is conventional with superimposed wallboard is compared, adopt Embedded base form, spill basis forms integral body with superimposed wallboard by rear pouring concrete, its stress performance more approaches cast-in-place concrete structure, can form good position of fixity, thereby effectively avoided distortion under superimposed board-like shear wall horizontal earthquake action to cause the poor situation of ductility near concentrating on horizontal piece, and superposed type the basement wall is in the situation of low, the easy generation infiltration of basic top cross-section anti-bending bearing capacity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the utility model is applied to flat raft basis under shear wall.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the utility model is applied to shear wall underbeam raft foundation.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the utility model is applied to strip foundation under shear wall.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the utility model is applied to pile foundation bar shaped cushion cap under shearing.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that the utility model is applied to outer wall of basement plate base.
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, the embedded basis of a kind of superimposed wallboard, include half assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel and form with the embedded basis of the cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete of basic groove 4, after partly assembling the pre-erection 1 lifting location in superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel, by partly assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel core space 3 and the interior cast-in-situ concrete of basic groove 4, superimposed wallboard and embedded basis are watered and built up integral body, form stressed good build-in node.The pre-erection of superimposed wallboard is comprised of two-layer precast plate and the lattice reinforcing bar 2 that plays connection function.
If embedded basis is flat raft basis 8, beam raft foundation 9, strip foundation 11 or pile foundation bar shaped platform 10, also can be superposed type outer wall of basement plate base 12.Partly assemble superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel and be used as while bearing the shear wall of larger horizontal loading, embedded basic planted agent arranges basic joint bar 7, stretches in half assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel core cast-in-situ concrete 3; When superimposed wallboard is used as the basement wall, basic joint bar can be set.Prefabricated panel external surface in embedding basis and basic groove 4 side wall inner surfaces all should take to scrape the measures such as hair makes its roughening.Reinforced concrete embedded basic groove 4 sidewall planted agents arrange steel bar stress.Superimposed wallboard bottommost one row of horizontal reinforcing bar 6 should weld with vertical applied force reinforcing bar.Rear pouring concrete should adopt microlith slightly expanded concrete.
This base form can be used for, in four kinds of different shear walls bases shown in Fig. 1-4, also can be used in the outer wall of basement plate base being connected with basement bottom board 12 shown in Fig. 5.Specific construction process is as follows: (1) is colligation reinforcement foundation concreting basis of formation groove 4 first, and basic groove 4 cross sections are trapezoidal, and bottom width is (h+100) mm, and top width is (h+150) mm, and h is superimposed wallboard thickness; (2) basic groove 4 side wall inner surfaces and prefabricated panel being embedded to 4 inner minutes external surfaces of basic groove adopts and scrapes the measures such as hair and make it coarse; (3) at basic groove 4 tops, place square spacer pad 5, prefabricated panel is inserted in basic groove 4, be placed on spacer pad 5.The object one of placement positioning cushion block 5 is to utilize it to prefabricated panel, to carry out leveling, the 2nd, and reserving gaps between wallboard bottom and basic groove 4 tops, makes prefabricated panel core space 3 and basic groove 4 inner concretes can connect into integral body.Cushion block height is about 40mm; (4) proofread and correct after the verticality and position of prefabricated panel, by positioning supports, fix; (5) colligation situ part reinforcing bar, formwork; (6) in superimposed sheet nucleus and spill basis, build microlith slightly expanded concrete, vibrate and maintenance, superimposed wallboard and basis are formed whole.

Claims (7)

1. the embedded basis of superimposed wallboard, it is characterized in that: include half assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel and form with the embedded basis with reeded cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete, after described pre-erection lifting location of partly assembling in superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel, by cast-in-situ concrete in partly assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel core space and basic groove, superimposed wallboard and embedded basis are watered and built up integral body, form stressed good build-in node.
2. the embedded basis of superimposed wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described embedded basis can be used for flat raft basis, beam raft foundation, strip foundation or pile foundation bar shaped cushion cap under reinforced concrete shear wall, also can be used for superposed type outer wall of basement plate base.
3. the embedded basis of superimposed wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel that partly assembles is used as while bearing the shear wall of larger horizontal loading, embedded basic planted agent arranges basic joint bar, stretches in half assembling superposed type reinforced concrete wall panel core cast-in-situ concrete; When described superimposed wallboard is used as the basement wall, basic joint bar can be set.
4. the embedded basis of superimposed wallboard of partly assembling according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the prefabricated panel external surface in described embedding basis and basic recess sidewall inner surface all should be taked to scrape the measures such as hair and make its roughening.
5. the embedded basis of superimposed wallboard of partly assembling according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described reinforced concrete embedded basic recess sidewall planted agent arranges steel bar stress.
6. the embedded basis of superimposed wallboard of partly assembling according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described superimposed wallboard bottommost one row of horizontal reinforcing bar should weld with vertical applied force reinforcing bar.
7. the embedded basis of superimposed wallboard of partly assembling according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rear pouring concrete should adopt microlith slightly expanded concrete.
CN201320637220.6U 2013-10-15 2013-10-15 Embedded foundation of composite wallboard Expired - Fee Related CN203514336U (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103510530A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-15 合肥工业大学 Embedded foundation of composite wallboard and implementation method thereof
CN106088352A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN106121052A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-16 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN106193323A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-07 初明进 A kind of precast concrete method of attachment
CN106223481A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-14 初明进 A kind of precast concrete method of attachment
CN106223487A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-14 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN106223482A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-14 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN106245788A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 初明进 A kind of precast concrete method of attachment
CN106245758A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 初明进 A kind of precast concrete method of attachment
CN106245757A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN111980197A (en) * 2019-05-22 2020-11-24 深圳市佰邦建筑设计顾问有限公司 Assembling type shear wall mounting process
CN112227403A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-15 山东大学 Connecting system and connecting method for prefabricated superposed foundation and full-prefabricated shear wall
CN112227404A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-15 山东大学 Connecting system and connecting method for prefabricated superposed foundation and prefabricated superposed shear wall

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103510530A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-15 合肥工业大学 Embedded foundation of composite wallboard and implementation method thereof
CN106223482A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-14 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN106088352A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN106193323A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-07 初明进 A kind of precast concrete method of attachment
CN106223481A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-14 初明进 A kind of precast concrete method of attachment
CN106223487A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-14 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN106245788A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 初明进 A kind of precast concrete method of attachment
CN106121052A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-16 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN106245758A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 初明进 A kind of precast concrete method of attachment
CN106245757A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 初明进 A kind of precast reinforced concrete structure method of attachment
CN111980197A (en) * 2019-05-22 2020-11-24 深圳市佰邦建筑设计顾问有限公司 Assembling type shear wall mounting process
CN111980197B (en) * 2019-05-22 2021-10-15 深圳市佰邦建筑设计顾问有限公司 Assembling type shear wall mounting process
CN112227403A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-15 山东大学 Connecting system and connecting method for prefabricated superposed foundation and full-prefabricated shear wall
CN112227404A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-15 山东大学 Connecting system and connecting method for prefabricated superposed foundation and prefabricated superposed shear wall
CN112227404B (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-07-30 山东大学 Connecting system and connecting method for prefabricated superposed foundation and prefabricated superposed shear wall

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