CN203505460U - Energy-saving grain dryer - Google Patents

Energy-saving grain dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203505460U
CN203505460U CN201320524215.4U CN201320524215U CN203505460U CN 203505460 U CN203505460 U CN 203505460U CN 201320524215 U CN201320524215 U CN 201320524215U CN 203505460 U CN203505460 U CN 203505460U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grain
row
drying
spreading
disk
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201320524215.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段贤伍
马飞
段文祥
孔奇
檀应霞
江君
韩春明
何高清
张洋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI CHENYU MECHANICAL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI CHENYU MECHANICAL Co Ltd
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Application filed by ANHUI CHENYU MECHANICAL Co Ltd filed Critical ANHUI CHENYU MECHANICAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201320524215.4U priority Critical patent/CN203505460U/en
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Publication of CN203505460U publication Critical patent/CN203505460U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The utility model discloses an energy-saving grain dryer which is suitable for the drying of granular materials such as rice, wheat, corn, soybeans and rapeseed and seeds thereof. The grain dryer has the advantages that indirect hot wind is adopted to heat, so that the dryer is free of pollution to grains; a mixed-flow structure is adopted to ensure a good effect of removing dust and bad grains in the grains, so that the dried grains are excellent in quality, and the fissure ratio increment and the crush ratio increment of the grains are much higher than national standard; the drying speed is high, so that compared with machines of the same type, the dryer is capable of saving energy by greater than or equal to 35%.

Description

A kind of energy-saving type grain drying machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to the dry process equipment of a kind of cereal in agricultural machinery technological field, is a kind of energy-saving type grain drying machine specifically.
Background technology
Crop dryer is for the oven dry to particulate material cereal such as paddy, wheat, corn, soybean, rapeseed, early stage crop dryer output is less, due to developing rapidly of modern agriculture, drying equipment demand is doubled and redoubled, compete more and more fiercely, how to realize with less oven dry cost and dry the technical bottleneck that more high-quality cereal is crop dryer development.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of energy-saving type grain drying machine, with less oven dry cost, dries more high-quality cereal, regulates the heater of heating furnace according to furnace temperature, realizes power adjusting, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of energy-saving type grain drying machine, comprise top cover, tempering storehouse, drying layer, row's grain layer, main frame bottom, elevator, control system, air exhauster, in top cover, be provided with Sa Liang mechanism, described Sa Liang mechanism includes into grain bucket, spreads grain disk, spreads grain blade, spread grain blades installation in rotating shaft, rotating shaft upper end is fixedly connected with motor, rotating shaft lower end is provided with axle cover, spread grain blade perpendicular to spreading disk, spread grain blade one end and extend to spreading disk, the other end is near axle cover, and spreading grain blade is circular arc, spreads grain blade Yi Swastika shape and is distributed on spreading disk; In row's silo, be provided with draining crop mechanism, described draining crop mechanism comprises row's tanker, the bottom of row's tanker is provided with a plurality of row's grain mouths, in row's grain mouth, be provided with a plurality of dividing plates, each row's grain mouth one side is the moving bucket of the row's of being hinged with grain respectively, and the moving bucket of each row's grain is movably hinged respectively on the distant bar of row's grain, and row grain rocking bar one end connects row's grain motor, row's grain rocking bar is by arranging grain driven by motor, and it is reciprocating that row's grain rocking bar passes to the moving bucket of row's grain by running; In described drying layer, be provided with split type drying box, include two drying boxes, triangled tip, waste gas outlet and hot blast import, the air-vent correspondence of two drying boxes is set up in parallel, between two drying boxes, there is gap, two drying box upper end open are sealed with triangled tip, two drying box rear ends seal formation hot air duct with baffle plate, and the hot blast import of hot air duct is right against two gaps between drying box, and the front end tapping of two drying boxes is all with the lid sealing that leaves waste gas outlet.
Described rotating shaft is connected by screw fastening with spreading between grain disk.
Described main frame bottom is provided with belt conveyor, and top cover below is provided with glass elephant trunk.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1, control system adopts the control technology of MCU platform; comprise thermostatic control technology, 3 multichannel temperature detection techniques, online moisture content monitoring technology, Anti-Jamming Technique; this control technology can be carried out thermostatic control to the baking temperature under the corresponding moisture of different cereal, guarantees that cereal does not damage or protect plumule.Circulation rate to different cereal is controlled accordingly, and the moisture under each temperature section is detected and controlled.Position in storehouse to grain on cereal is controlled, and prevents overload.Temperature to furnace outlet temperature, dryness storehouse temperature, dryness storehouse outlet temperature and water content detection position detects, and is convenient to offer dryness storehouse stationary temperature, regulates the heater of heating furnace according to furnace temperature simultaneously, realizes power adjusting, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
2, anti-crushing is improved, bottom adopts belt feeder to carry, the Sa Liang mechanism of brand new is passed through after adopting glass elephant trunk directly to descend grain in top, cereal is shed evenly, quick-fried waist and the Crushing Problem of drying machine have fundamentally been solved, make dried grain crack rate increment≤2%(national normal value for≤3%), the percentage of damage increment≤0.3%(national normal value of dry rear grain is≤0.5%), be all greatly better than national standard.
The specific embodiment is: Sa Liang mechanism specifically comprises: include into grain bucket 1, rotating shaft 2, axle cover 3, spread grain disk 4, attachment screw 5 and spread grain blade 6, as shown in accompanying drawing 5, accompanying drawing 6.Spreading grain disk 4 is a steel plectane, disc centre has through hole, surrounding has four elliptical apertures, edge is welded with flanging, be connected with one end of rotating shaft 2, rotating shaft 2 other ends are connected to drive unit, spread grain disk 4 and face the drive unit horizontal positioned that makes progress, entering grain bucket 1 is placed in and spreads grain disk 4 oblique uppers, the outer end that vertically rotating shaft 2 is connected with disk is fastening by attachment screw 5, the inner is equipped with axle cover 3, disk is welded with four and spreads grain blade 6 towards motor face is uniform, 6, blade is perpendicular to disk, blade 6 one end terminate in disk limit, the other end terminates near axle cover 3 places, blade 3 is circular arc type, Yi Swastika word shape is distributed on disk 4, open motor driver and start to drive rotating shaft 2 to rotate, and then drive and spread grain disk 4 and rotates together with blade 6, then start pastly to spread grain disk and topple over cereal from entering grain bucket 1.
3, draining crop mechanism design, cancels grain discharging wheel and adopts brand-new Quantitative dosing bucket structure, anti-blocking grain, leakage grain, surplus grain.Concrete structure is: the bottom of row's tanker is provided with a plurality of row's grain mouths, in row's grain mouth, be provided with a plurality of dividing plates, one side of each row's grain mouth is hinged with the moving bucket of row's grain, the moving all active links that struggles against of each row's grain are being arranged on the distant bar of grain, row's grain rocking bar connects motor, reciprocating by running being passed to after row's grain driven by motor to the moving bucket of row's grain.By intermittently used, arrange the moving bucket of grain by the monthly quota of food grain for an individual, intermittently discharge, draining crop mechanism carries out work by row's grain speed of setting, while making normally to work, in whole casing, is full of grain, can guarantee that the whole cross section of casing each point can emit grain equably simultaneously.
The specific embodiment is: shown in accompanying drawing 7, a kind of circulation grain drier draining crop mechanism, comprise row's tanker 1, the bottom of row's tanker 1 is provided with a plurality of row's grain mouths 2, and a side of each row's grain mouth 2 is hinged with row's grain and moves bucket 3, and the moving bucket 3 of each row's grain all active link is being arranged on the distant bar 4 of grain, row's grain rocking bar 4 connects motor 5, row's grain rocking bar 4 is driven by row's grain motor 5, and it is reciprocating that row's grain rocking bar 4 passes to the moving bucket 3 of row's grain by running, in row's grain mouth 2, is provided with a plurality of dividing plates 6.
4, adopt split type drying box, include two drying boxes, triangled tip, waste gas outlet and hot blast import, place side by side to hole in two drying box holes, midfeather part distance, upper end open seals with triangled tip, after with baffle plate, seal and form a hot air duct, hot blast import is over against living the pipeline forming between two casees, other two tapping of two drying boxes all seals up with the lid that leaves a waste gas outlet, and the drying box cornue length dimension that has thoroughly solved corner tube type drying principles has surpassed the problem of its effective working limit length; Can to " dryness storehouse ", carry out thermostatic control according to various cereal baking temperatures, open humidity control function (adopting gradient control strategy) simultaneously; To collect data feedback to control system simultaneously, and guarantee that moisture content point reaches to set system autostop while requiring.Owing to adopting Wind Volume thin layer drying, the even rapid flow of cereal and hot blast, and hot-blast outlet place is equipped with super large blower fan exhausting, can not produce negative pressure, guarantee the quickening of grain-drying speed, save to greatest extent heat, make the machine contrast machine of the same type and save the energy >=35%.
The specific embodiment is: shown in accompanying drawing 9, a kind of batch of split type drying box of formula circulation grain drier, include two drying boxes 1 and 2, triangled tip 3, waste gas outlet 4 and hot blast import 5, place side by side to hole in two drying boxes 1 and 2 holes, midfeather part distance, upper end open seals with triangled tip 3, after with baffle plate, seal and form a hot air duct, hot blast import 5 is over against living the pipeline forming between two casees, and other two tapping of two drying boxes all seals up with the lid that leaves a waste gas outlet 4; Cereal is put into after drying box, from hot blast import 5, passes into the dry hot blast of using, and enters two drying boxes 1 and 2, and then concentrates from waste gas outlet 4 and discharge, and continues to ventilate until after grain-drying.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of the utility model crop dryer;
Fig. 2 is the right view of the utility model crop dryer;
Fig. 3 is the utility model drying machine control principle drawing;
Fig. 4 is moisture drying function curve figure;
Fig. 5 is for spreading grain disk mounting structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is for spreading grain disc structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is draining crop mechanism structural representation;
Fig. 8 is drying box structural representation.
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, a kind of energy-saving type grain drying machine, comprise top cover 1, tempering storehouse 2, drying layer 3, row's grain layer 4, main frame bottom 5, elevator 6, control system 7, air exhauster 8, in top cover 1, be provided with Sa Liang mechanism, described Sa Liang mechanism includes into grain bucket 9, spread grain disk 10, spread grain blade 11, spreading grain blade 11 is installed in rotating shaft 12, rotating shaft 12 upper ends are fixedly connected with motor 13, rotating shaft 12 lower ends are provided with axle cover 14, spread grain blade 11 perpendicular to spreading disk 10, spread grain blade 11 one end and extend to spreading disk 10, the other end is near axle cover 14, rotating shaft is connected by screw fastening with spreading between grain disk, spreading grain blade is circular arc, spreading grain blade Yi Swastika shape is distributed on spreading disk, in row's silo, be provided with draining crop mechanism, described draining crop mechanism comprises row's tanker 15, the bottom of row's tanker 15 is provided with a plurality of row's grain mouths 16, in row's grain mouth 16, be provided with a plurality of dividing plates 17, each row's grain mouth 16 1 sides are the moving bucket 18 of the row's of being hinged with grain respectively, and the moving bucket 18 of each row's grain is movably hinged respectively on the distant bar 19 of row's grain, and row's grain rocking bar 19 one end connect row's grain motor 20, row's grain rocking bar 19 is driven by row's grain motor 20, and it is reciprocating that row's grain rocking bar passes to the moving bucket of row's grain by running, in described drying layer, be provided with split type drying box, include two drying boxes 21,22, triangled tip 23, waste gas outlet 24 and hot blast import 25, the air-vent correspondence of two drying boxes is set up in parallel, between two drying boxes, there is gap, two drying box upper end open are sealed with triangled tip, two drying box 21,22 rear ends seal and form hot air duct 26 with baffle plate, the hot blast import of hot air duct is right against two gaps between drying box, and the front end tapping of two drying boxes is all with the lid sealing that leaves waste gas outlet.

Claims (3)

1. an energy-saving type grain drying machine, it is characterized in that: comprise top cover, tempering storehouse, drying layer, row's grain layer, main frame bottom, elevator, control system, air exhauster, in top cover, be provided with Sa Liang mechanism, described Sa Liang mechanism includes into grain bucket, spread grain disk, spread grain blade, spread grain blades installation in rotating shaft, rotating shaft upper end is fixedly connected with motor, rotating shaft lower end is provided with axle cover, spread grain blade perpendicular to spreading disk, spread grain blade one end and extend to spreading disk, the other end is near axle cover, spreading grain blade is circular arc, spreading grain blade Yi Swastika shape is distributed on spreading disk, in row's silo, be provided with draining crop mechanism, described draining crop mechanism comprises row's tanker, the bottom of row's tanker is provided with a plurality of row's grain mouths, in row's grain mouth, be provided with a plurality of dividing plates, each row's grain mouth one side is the moving bucket of the row's of being hinged with grain respectively, and the moving bucket of each row's grain is movably hinged respectively on the distant bar of row's grain, and row grain rocking bar one end connects row's grain motor, row's grain rocking bar is by arranging grain driven by motor, and it is reciprocating that row's grain rocking bar passes to the moving bucket of row's grain by running, in described drying layer, be provided with split type drying box, include two drying boxes, triangled tip, waste gas outlet and hot blast import, the air-vent correspondence of two drying boxes is set up in parallel, between two drying boxes, there is gap, two drying box upper end open are sealed with triangled tip, two drying box rear ends seal formation hot air duct with baffle plate, and the hot blast import of hot air duct is right against two gaps between drying box, and the front end tapping of two drying boxes is all with the lid sealing that leaves waste gas outlet.
2. energy-saving type grain drying machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotating shaft is connected by screw fastening with spreading between grain disk.
3. energy-saving type grain drying machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described main frame bottom is provided with belt conveyor, and top cover below is provided with glass elephant trunk.
CN201320524215.4U 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Energy-saving grain dryer Withdrawn - After Issue CN203505460U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320524215.4U CN203505460U (en) 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Energy-saving grain dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320524215.4U CN203505460U (en) 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Energy-saving grain dryer

Publications (1)

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CN203505460U true CN203505460U (en) 2014-04-02

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103651780A (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-03-26 安徽辰宇机械科技有限公司 Energy-saving type grain drying machine
CN104137884A (en) * 2014-08-16 2014-11-12 曹治 Continuous rapid drying device for grains
CN104738159A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-07-01 安徽森米诺农业科技有限公司 Grain drying process and circular grain tempering drying machine
CN105707224A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-29 华南农业大学 Nondestructive grain discharge and cleaning device
CN107323955A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-11-07 合肥佳粮机械科技有限公司 A kind of automatic transportation grain storage apparatus for dryer

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103651780A (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-03-26 安徽辰宇机械科技有限公司 Energy-saving type grain drying machine
CN104137884A (en) * 2014-08-16 2014-11-12 曹治 Continuous rapid drying device for grains
CN104137884B (en) * 2014-08-16 2015-08-26 曹治 The continuous fast-drying device of a kind of grain
CN104738159A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-07-01 安徽森米诺农业科技有限公司 Grain drying process and circular grain tempering drying machine
CN105707224A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-06-29 华南农业大学 Nondestructive grain discharge and cleaning device
CN107323955A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-11-07 合肥佳粮机械科技有限公司 A kind of automatic transportation grain storage apparatus for dryer

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Legal Events

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140402

Effective date of abandoning: 20160824

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting