CN201571453U - Drier for angular boxed food with variable cross section - Google Patents

Drier for angular boxed food with variable cross section Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201571453U
CN201571453U CN2009202480027U CN200920248002U CN201571453U CN 201571453 U CN201571453 U CN 201571453U CN 2009202480027 U CN2009202480027 U CN 2009202480027U CN 200920248002 U CN200920248002 U CN 200920248002U CN 201571453 U CN201571453 U CN 201571453U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
horn shape
section
shape box
exhaust
tower body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009202480027U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
焦万林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIELING JINGYINGYUAN DRYING MACHINE EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Original Assignee
TIELING JINGYINGYUAN DRYING MACHINE EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TIELING JINGYINGYUAN DRYING MACHINE EQUIPMENT CO Ltd filed Critical TIELING JINGYINGYUAN DRYING MACHINE EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
Priority to CN2009202480027U priority Critical patent/CN201571453U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201571453U publication Critical patent/CN201571453U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a drier for angular boxed food with a variable cross section. An angular box adopted in the drier has variable cross section; the upper edge of the angular box sets a certain included angle with a horizontal line, and an air inlet angular box and an air outlet angular box are designed into the boxes with different angles; two ends of the angular box are fixed on the inner wall and the outer wall of the drier by adopting bolts, so as to lead food to have both vertical motion and horizontal motion during drying process, so that the drier improves the heat transfer effect with thermal medium in the drier, leads the dried corn moisture to be more uniform, is applicable to the drying of corns, and also can be used for drying operations of grains such as barley, wheat, rapeseeds and the like.

Description

Variable cross-section horn shape box grain drier
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the grain drying technical field, particularly a kind of structure of horn shape box of mixed-flow grain drier.
Background technology
The mixed-flow grain drier has tower package assembly, and tower cap, storing section, dryer section, delay section, cooling section and discharging structure are arranged in the tower body from top to bottom successively, and upper and lower in regular turn folded mutually the communicating of said structure is located on the frame.The horn shape ventilation box that cross arrangement is arranged in the dryer section of tower body, be called for short the horn shape box, the horn shape box is that the cross section is triangle or pentagonal strip box body, it is the main working parts of mixed-flow drying machine, the horn shape box has air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box, during work, after the material grain enters the interior storing section of drying machine, enter dryer section, the material grain flows in horn shape box outside from top to bottom, hot-air enters air inlet horn shape box by hot-blast pipe line and passes the bed of material from above-below direction and side direction, waste gas is outside exhaust horn shape box is discharged drying machine, hot-air and material grain not only co-flow but also reverse flow also have lateral flow, in hot-air and the material grain contact process heat are passed to the material grain, and material grain heating temperature raises, internal moisture is evaporated and is discharged in the hot waste gas, the material grain of oven dry flows down to delay section, through delay section material intragranular exospheric temperature and moisture content is tended to balance, and reaches even precipitation.Enter cooling section after the tempering of material grain, through supercooling, the material grain cools to the storing temperature, is discharged by discharging structure afterwards, finishes dry run.Factors such as the size of horn shape box, arrangement pitches have a significant impact the performance and the moisture uniformity and the grain quality of dry back material grain of drying machine.
In the prior art, it is triangle or pentagon that above-mentioned horn shape box mostly is the cross section, and horn shape box length direction sectional area equates, this kind horn shape box is simple in structure, and manufacturing process is easy, and is easy for installation, but there are some problems, undesirable as drying effect, influence the preservation of grain.The humidity discharging temperature is higher, and heat energy does not make full use of, and specific energy consumption is higher.
The utility model content
Variable cross-section horn shape box grain drier described in the utility model, the cylinder bodily form tower body that building block system split package assembly is arranged, tower body has charging aperture from top to bottom successively, the storing section, the one-level dryer section, the one-level delay section, the secondary drying section, the secondary delay section, cooling section, discharge zone, be arranged with air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box in the one-level dryer section of tower body and the secondary drying section respectively, air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box all are the pentagonal strip horn shape boxes that has two pentagons than minor face to be gradually varied to two longer sides by, air inlet horn shape box and the layering of exhaust horn shape box are staggered, along cylindrical axis direction vertical rectangular cylinder bodily form inlet plenum is arranged in the cylinder bodily form tower body, the two ends of air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box are separately fixed on inlet plenum and the tower body wall, the end section that air inlet horn shape box is fixed on inlet plenum is two pentagons than minor face, the end section that exhaust horn shape box is fixed on inlet plenum is the pentagon of two longer sides, the inlet plenum bottom adopts dividing plate that inlet plenum is separated into hot blast part and cold wind part, hot blast part and cold wind part are connected with corresponding supporting blower fan respectively, along the cylinder circumferencial direction the tubular exhaust chamber of annulus is arranged in the tower body, the cylinder bodily form excircle of exhaust chamber epimere has the exhaust shutter, discharge zone is arranged at the tower body bottom, discharge zone has discharge four impellers and discharge motor, and discharge four impellers link to each other with power transmission shaft with the discharge motor.Main feature of the present utility model:
1 adopts variable cross-section horn shape box structure, the mixed flow form, and existing adverse current when the material grain conducts heat mutually with air in drying machine has following current again, the heat transfer efficiency height;
2 discharge mechanisms adopt stepless speed regulation, according to the difference of material grain water content, can control the oven dry activity duration by adjusting discharge velocity, thereby make the material grain reach safe moisture content requirement;
3 machines adopt the drying process of secondary drying, secondary tempering and one-level cooling in dry run, thereby make dried material grain moisture evenly, are convenient to preserve;
4 easy for installation, adjust easy, easy to maintenance.
Fig. 1 is that master of the present utility model looks cutaway view;
Description of drawings
Fig. 2 is a side view cutaway drawing of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of air inlet horn shape box of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of exhaust horn shape box of the present utility model.
Among Fig. 1~Fig. 4,1 is the exhaust shutter, and 2 is the one-level dryer section, 3 is the one-level delay section, and 4 is the secondary drying section, and 5 is the secondary delay section, 6 is cooling section, and 7 is discharge four impellers, and 8 is charging aperture, 9 is the storing section, and 10 are exhaust horn shape box, and 11 are air inlet horn shape box, 12 is inlet plenum, and 13 is hothouse, and 14 is exhaust chamber, 15 is power transmission shaft, and 16 is discharge zone, and 17 is the discharge motor.
The specific embodiment
Variable cross-section horn shape box grain drier in the utility model has cylinder bodily form tower body, tower body have with prior art in similar building block system split package assembly, charging aperture 8 is arranged from top to bottom successively, storing section 9, one-level dryer section 2, one-level delay section 3, secondary drying section 4, secondary delay section 5, cooling section 6, discharge zone 16, air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box that cross arrangement is arranged in the one-level dryer section of tower body and the secondary drying section, air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box all are the pentagonal strip horn shape boxes that has two pentagons than minor face to be gradually varied to two longer sides by, air inlet horn shape box and the layering of exhaust horn shape box are staggered, along cylindrical axis direction vertical rectangular cylinder bodily form inlet plenum 12 is arranged in the cylinder bodily form tower body, the two ends of air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box are separately fixed on inlet plenum and the tower body wall, the end section that air inlet horn shape box is fixed on inlet plenum is two pentagons than minor face, the end section that exhaust horn shape box is fixed on inlet plenum is the pentagon of two longer sides
The inlet plenum bottom adopts dividing plate that inlet plenum is separated into hot blast part and cold wind part, hot blast part and cold wind part are connected with corresponding supporting blower fan respectively, along the cylinder circumferencial direction the tubular exhaust chamber of annulus is arranged in the cylinder bodily form tower body, the cylinder bodily form excircle of exhaust chamber epimere has the exhaust shutter, discharge zone is arranged at the tower body bottom, discharge zone has discharge four impellers and discharge motor, and discharge four impellers link to each other with power transmission shaft with the discharge motor.
During work, the material grain that need process enters drying machine from grain-entering mouth 8 storing section 8, the material grain constantly enters one-level dryer section 2 under the storing paragraph, hot-air enters air inlet horn shape box, the material grain that enters dryer section is conducted heat, water evaporates when material is heated, material grain behind the steaming moisture enters the one-level delay section, behind the water balance through making thermal material after the tempering, enter secondary drying section and secondary delay section again and repeat said process, further dried feed grain, dried material grain enters cooling section 6, enter discharge zone after the cold wind cooling of being sent into by air-cooler, discharge motor-driven discharge four wheel rotation are discharged dried material grain.
The large quantity of moisture that the material intragranular contains enters the hot-air in the drying machine, and hot-air becomes humid air and enters exhaust chamber, enters atmosphere by the exhaust shutter above the exhaust chamber.
Cold air is sent into the cold air chamber of cooling section by air-cooler, will expect the grain cooling, enters exhaust chamber then, and also the exhaust shutter by the exhaust chamber top enters atmosphere.
Heat transfer efficiency height of the present utility model can be used for the cereal drying operation of industries such as grain, starch, feed, pharmacy, system wine, can dry vegetable seed, material grains such as corn, soybean, wheat, paddy rice.

Claims (1)

1. variable cross-section horn shape box grain drier, the cylinder bodily form tower body that building block system split package assembly is arranged, it is characterized in that: tower body has charging aperture from top to bottom successively, the storing section, the one-level dryer section, the one-level delay section, the secondary drying section, the secondary delay section, cooling section, discharge zone, be arranged with air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box in the one-level dryer section of tower body and the secondary drying section respectively, air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box all are the pentagonal strip horn shape boxes that has two pentagons than minor face to be gradually varied to two longer sides by, air inlet horn shape box and the layering of exhaust horn shape box are staggered, along cylindrical axis direction vertical rectangular cylinder bodily form inlet plenum is arranged in the cylinder bodily form tower body, the two ends of air inlet horn shape box and exhaust horn shape box are separately fixed on inlet plenum and the tower body wall, the end section that air inlet horn shape box is fixed on inlet plenum is two pentagons than minor face, the end section that exhaust horn shape box is fixed on inlet plenum is the pentagon of two longer sides, the inlet plenum bottom adopts dividing plate that inlet plenum is separated into hot blast part and cold wind part, hot blast part and cold wind part are connected with corresponding supporting blower fan respectively, along the cylinder circumferencial direction the tubular exhaust chamber of annulus is arranged in the tower body, the cylinder bodily form excircle of exhaust chamber epimere has the exhaust shutter, discharge zone is arranged at the tower body bottom, discharge zone has discharge four impellers and discharge motor, and discharge four impellers link to each other with power transmission shaft with the discharge motor.
CN2009202480027U 2009-11-11 2009-11-11 Drier for angular boxed food with variable cross section Expired - Fee Related CN201571453U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202480027U CN201571453U (en) 2009-11-11 2009-11-11 Drier for angular boxed food with variable cross section

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202480027U CN201571453U (en) 2009-11-11 2009-11-11 Drier for angular boxed food with variable cross section

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201571453U true CN201571453U (en) 2010-09-08

Family

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102697153A (en) * 2012-05-29 2012-10-03 郑州鼎盛机械设备有限公司 Vertical peanut kernel red skin-removing and tempering machine
CN103271149A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-09-04 宁波天海制冷设备有限公司 Cereal cooling dryer
CN104719460A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-24 武汉轻工大学 Double-section double-body grain drying device
CN105410172A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-03-23 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Cereal circulating drying machine and control method thereof
CN106052356A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-10-26 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Batched circulating dryer used for wheat and drying method
CN106196981A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-07 合肥三伍机械有限公司 A kind of drying machine of the pretreatment that dehumidifies
CN106679393A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-17 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Grain drying system
CN110024854A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-07-19 江苏丰尚烘干设备有限公司 A kind of raw grain bactericidal unit and sterilizing methods

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102697153A (en) * 2012-05-29 2012-10-03 郑州鼎盛机械设备有限公司 Vertical peanut kernel red skin-removing and tempering machine
CN102697153B (en) * 2012-05-29 2014-06-11 郑州鼎盛机械设备有限公司 Vertical peanut kernel red skin-removing and tempering machine
CN103271149A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-09-04 宁波天海制冷设备有限公司 Cereal cooling dryer
CN103271149B (en) * 2013-03-28 2014-06-04 宁波天海制冷设备有限公司 Cereal cooling dryer
CN104719460A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-24 武汉轻工大学 Double-section double-body grain drying device
CN104719460B (en) * 2015-03-20 2017-09-29 武汉轻工大学 A kind of pair of section binary grain dryer
CN105410172A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-03-23 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Cereal circulating drying machine and control method thereof
CN106052356A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-10-26 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Batched circulating dryer used for wheat and drying method
CN106196981A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-07 合肥三伍机械有限公司 A kind of drying machine of the pretreatment that dehumidifies
CN106679393A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-17 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Grain drying system
CN106679393B (en) * 2017-01-20 2022-04-22 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Grain drying system
CN110024854A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-07-19 江苏丰尚烘干设备有限公司 A kind of raw grain bactericidal unit and sterilizing methods

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100908

Termination date: 20131111