CN203447826U - Oil-water separator - Google Patents

Oil-water separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203447826U
CN203447826U CN201320575551.1U CN201320575551U CN203447826U CN 203447826 U CN203447826 U CN 203447826U CN 201320575551 U CN201320575551 U CN 201320575551U CN 203447826 U CN203447826 U CN 203447826U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
water separator
baffle plate
water
slag
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320575551.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王京华
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王京华
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Priority to CN201320575551.1U priority Critical patent/CN203447826U/en
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Publication of CN203447826U publication Critical patent/CN203447826U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The embodiment of the utility model discloses an oil-water separator which comprises a box body. The box body is internally provided with a residue separation area and an oil-water separation area, wherein the residue separation area is communicated with the oil-water separation area by a grid net; the upper part of the residue separation area is provided with a water inlet pipe and a residue separation basket; the oil-water separation area is internally provided with an oil collection box; the upper part of the oil collection box is provided with an oil discharge pipe. The multistage separation is adopted by the oil-water separator, the oil-water separator can be easily maintained and cleaned, and the purity of separated oil is improved.

Description

A kind of oil water separator
Technical field
The utility model relates to oil water separator, belongs to the technical field of oily water separating equipment.
Background technology
Oil water separator be industry or civilian in conventional profit treatment facility, in the industries such as chemical industry, oil field, refinery and food and drink waste water processing, there is comparatively widely application.Because You Heshui is two kinds of mutual exclusive liquid, conventional separation method has gravitational method, centrifugal process, floatation etc., and wherein, gravitational method is comparatively general, and the characteristic of utilizing oil can float over the upper strata of water is carried out separation.
Yet, in most of the cases, in oil water mixture, inevitably can there are many residues, in oil water separation process, can be mingled in oil or water, make the oil separated pure not, will be easily by line clogging in the process of discharging residue.
Utility model content
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is that a kind of oil water separator will be provided, and is intended to solve the technological deficiency that existing oil water separator can not be removed the solid residue in oil water mixture.
For this reason, the technical scheme that oil water separator described in the utility model adopts is as follows:
An oil water separator, comprises a casing, is provided with every slag Disengagement zone and water-oil separating district in described casing, describedly every slag Disengagement zone, by one, every coral net, is communicated with described water-oil separating district; The described top every slag Disengagement zone is provided with water inlet pipe and every slag basket; Described water-oil separating is provided with oil sump tank in district, and the top of described oil sump tank is provided with oil exit pipe.
Further, also comprise some described first steps in slag Disengagement zone of being located at, described first step is positioned at described every the below of slag indigo plant, and arranges from high to low along first direction.
Preferably, in described casing, be provided with intilted chute, describedly every slag basket, by this chute, be installed in described casing.
Further, also comprise by described every slag Disengagement zone and water-oil separating distinguish every the first downflow weir baffle plate and the second downflow weir baffle plate, described the first downflow weir baffle plate is relative with the second downflow weir baffle plate vertically to be arranged, the described top of being located at described the first downflow weir baffle plate every coral net one end, one end is located on described the second downflow weir baffle plate in addition; The bottom of described the second downflow weir baffle plate is provided with opening.
Further, the described angle every coral net and horizontal plane is greater than 90 °.
Further, the bottom of described oil sump tank is provided with some second steps, and described second step is arranged by height from the bottom of described the second downflow weir baffle plate on earth along second direction.
Preferably, described second direction is the direction away from described the second downflow weir baffle plate, and described first direction intersects with described second direction or be or vertical.
Preferably, be also provided with some stepped plates in described oil sump tank, the described stepped plate angle parallel or crossing with described second step is acute angle.
Preferably, be also provided with oil-collecting storage area in described casing, be provided with the oil-collecting bucket and the drainpipe that are positioned at described oil exit pipe below in described oil-collecting storage area, one end of described drainpipe is communicated with described oil sump tank bottom, and one end is in communication with the outside in addition.
Further, also comprise:
Be located at describedly in slag Disengagement zone, and be positioned at first blow-off pipe at minimum first step place, described the first blow-off pipe is provided with the first blowoff valve; And/or
The second blow-off pipe that is positioned at described oil sump tank bottom, described the second blow-off pipe is provided with the second blowoff valve; And/or
The 3rd blow-off pipe that is positioned at described oil-collecting storage area bottom, described the 3rd blow-off pipe is provided with the 3rd blowoff valve; And/or
Be articulated with the side of described casing and be positioned at the throttle of getting of described oil-collecting storage area, and for observing the transparent windowpane of described oil-collecting bucket, described windowpane is positioned at described oil-collecting storage area.
By above-mentioned the technical solution of the utility model, can find out, oil water separator described in the utility model passes through multi-stage separation, on equipment, easily safeguard and cleaning, and owing to arranging and carrying out scalping every slag basket before water-oil separating, the preliminary solid residue of removing in oil water mixture, and before entering water-oil separating district, also by carrying out fine screen every coral net, can further remove the less residue of particle diameter in oil water mixture, improve the purity of isolated oil.
In addition, in some preferred embodiments, the utility model is also by arranging first step and second step is being set in oil sump tank every slag Disengagement zone, make mixture in flow process, produce bubble, thereby can be more effectively that oil, water and residue is separated, compared with traditional agitating mode, produce bubble, this infrastructure cost is lower, better effects if.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of oil water separator one embodiment described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of oil water separator described in the utility model one embodiment outside;
Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic diagram of oil water separator described in Fig. 2 illustrated embodiment;
Fig. 4 is every the structural representation of slag Disengagement zone in Fig. 2 illustrated embodiment;
In figure:
100: casing; 10: every slag Disengagement zone; 11: every slag basket; 12: water inlet pipe; 13: the first blow-off pipes; 131: the first blowoff valves; 14: first step; 20: water-oil separating district; 21: oil sump tank; 22: second step; 23: stepped plate; 24: oil exit pipe; 23: the second blow-off pipes; 30: every coral net; 31: the first downflow weir baffle plates; 32: the second downflow weir baffle plates; 40: oil-collecting storage area; 41: oil-collecting bucket; 411: draining valve; 42: drainpipe; 43: the three blow-off pipes; 431: the three blowoff valves; 44: get throttle; 441: windowpane.
The realization of the utility model object, functional characteristics and excellent effect, will be below in conjunction with specific embodiments and accompanying drawing be described further.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, technical scheme described in the utility model is described in further detail, so that those skilled in the art can better understand the utility model being implemented, but illustrated embodiment is not as to restriction of the present utility model.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the structural representation of oil water separator one embodiment described in the utility model.In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1, the oil water separator of this structure, comprises a casing 100, states in casing 100 and is provided with every 10He water-oil separating district, slag Disengagement zone 20, describedly every slag Disengagement zone 10, by one, every coral net 30, is communicated with described water-oil separating district 20; The described top every slag Disengagement zone 10 is provided with water inlet pipe 12 and every slag basket 11; In described water-oil separating district 20, be provided with oil sump tank 21, the top of described oil sump tank 21 is provided with oil exit pipe 24.
Like this, in use, oil water mixture can by water inlet pipe 12 first enter casing 100 in slag Disengagement zone 10 in slag basket 11.Every the bottom of slag basket 11, be for example provided with filter screen, for preliminary that remove oil water mixture and oil, the inconsistent material of water, swill, silt etc. material.Oil water mixture through after slag basket 11 in the interior deposition of casing 100, because oily density is less than water, thus oil can swim on the water surface and with a part of water through in coral net 30 enters water-oil separating district 20.Grille network is a kind of filter screen, and preferably aperture is less than filter screen every slag basket 11 further to remove the less particle of particle diameter in oil water mixture.Enter oil water mixture in the oil sump tank 21 in water-oil separating district 20 in the interior precipitation of oil sump tank 21.Like this, can the oil in oil water mixture be discharged by the oil exit pipe 24 on oil sump tank 21 tops.
From above-mentioned implementation process, can find out, the oil water separator that embodiment shown in Fig. 1 relates to passes through multi-stage separation, on equipment, easily safeguard and cleaning, and owing to arranging and carrying out scalping every slag basket 11 before water-oil separating, the preliminary solid residue of removing in oil water mixture, and before entering water-oil separating district 20, also by carrying out fine screen every coral net 30, can further remove the less residue of particle diameter in oil water mixture, improve the purity of isolated oil.
Referring to Fig. 2-4.Wherein, Fig. 2 is the structural representation of oil water separator described in the utility model one embodiment outside; Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic diagram of oil water separator described in Fig. 2 illustrated embodiment; Fig. 4 is every the structural representation of slag Disengagement zone 10 in Fig. 2 illustrated embodiment.In this embodiment shown in Fig. 2-4, the oil water separator of this structure also comprises some described first steps 14 in slag Disengagement zone 10 of being located at, and described first step 14 is positioned at described every the below of slag indigo plant, and arranges from high to low along first direction.Wherein, described first direction can be the longitudinal direction shown in Fig. 2, and perpendicular to the direction of paper.Like this, oil water mixture is in process in the flow process of slag basket 11, and first step 14 just configures and can make oil water mixture in flow process, produce bubble along the paper direction perpendicular to Fig. 2, facilitates the separation of oil water mixture.
In addition, referring to 3 and Fig. 4, in the embodiment shown in Fig. 2-4, every slag basket 11, can also be arranged to the structure of drawer type,, at the interior chute that arranges of casing 100, every slag basket 11, can slip in casing 100 along chute, or along chute from the interior extraction of casing 100.In some preferred embodiments, can also, be arranged at the corresponding pulley of chute on slag basket 11, can extract out more conveniently or send into every slag basket 11.Like this can easy cleaning every slag basket 11.Wherein, chute is preferably the setting that slopes inwardly, and makes, every slag basket 11 placement that can slope inwardly, can not cause sewage to discharge.Like this, sewage can only enough flow to casing 100 is interior, and cleaning slag object space just, does not need to open cover plate.
In some preferred embodiments, described oil water separator also comprises the first downflow weir baffle plate 31 and the second downflow weir baffle plate 32 of separating every 10He water-oil separating district, slag Disengagement zone 20 described, described the first downflow weir baffle plate 31 is relative with the second downflow weir baffle plate 32 vertically to be arranged, the described top of being located at described the first downflow weir baffle plate 31 every coral net 30 one end, one end is located on described the second downflow weir baffle plate 32 in addition; The bottom of described the second downflow weir baffle plate 32 is provided with opening.Such structure can so that oil water mixture in the process every an accumulation of the interior existence in slag Disengagement zone 10, in oil water mixture, the water of large portion or whole oil and fraction can be from diffusing out every coral net 30, along the second downflow weir baffle plate 32, flow downward, then from the opening of the bottom of the second downflow weir baffle plate 32, enter water-oil separating district 20.Wherein, describedly every coral net 30, be preferably greater than 90 ° with the angle of horizontal plane, can be more convenient make in oil water mixture inflow water-oil separating district 20.
Referring to Fig. 3, the bottom of described oil sump tank 21 is provided with some second steps 22, and described second step 22 is arranged by height from the bottom of described the second downflow weir baffle plate 32 on earth along second direction.Wherein, described second direction is the direction away from described the second downflow weir baffle plate 32, and described first direction intersects with described second direction or be or vertical.Therefore,, in the embodiment shown in Fig. 3, the direction that second step 22 height extends be to the horizontal direction extension in Fig. 3.Oil water mixture can flow into second step 22 from the opening of the second downflow weir baffle plate 32 bottoms, and flows along second step 22 places to lower.Oil water mixture can evoke more bubble in flow process, can no longer need or reduce artificial stirring oil water mixture, makes oily floating-upward process faster, can be quickly that the oil in oil water mixture is separated with water.
In addition, in some preferred embodiments, be also provided with some stepped plates 23 in described oil sump tank 21, described stepped plate 23 angle parallel or crossing with described second step 22 is acute angle, is preferably with second step 22 and be arranged in parallel, is more conducive to bubble and produces.
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2-4, in described casing 100, be also provided with oil-collecting storage area 40, in described oil-collecting storage area 40, be provided with the oil-collecting bucket 41 and the drainpipe 42 that are positioned at described oil exit pipe 24 belows, one end of described drainpipe 42 is communicated with described oil sump tank 21 bottoms, and one end is in communication with the outside in addition.In addition, in the bottom of oil-collecting bucket 41, oil exit pipe (not shown) can also be installed, on oil exit pipe, draining valve 411 can also be installed.Like this, also can conveniently deoil, and because oil-collecting bucket 41 is positioned at casing 100, can prevent that the oil in oil-collecting bucket 41 is stolen.Some preferred embodiment in, can also on routine leading flank as shown in Figure 2, arrange one and get throttle 44 in the side of casing, described in get throttle 44 and be articulated with on described casing 100.In the time of need to taking out oil-collecting bucket 41, open and get throttle 44 and can conveniently take out oil-collecting bucket 41.In addition, get on throttle 44 various types of locks can also be set, in order to antitheft, improve the security performance of this oil water separator.In addition, can also in the side of casing 100, be provided for observing the windowpane 441 of oil-collecting bucket 41, therefore, windowpane 441 can be arranged on to the region of oil-collecting storage area 40 of the side of casing 100, preferably be arranged on and get on throttle 44, thereby can conveniently observe the position of liquid level in oil-collecting bucket 41.
For handled easily and cleaning, in some preferred embodiments, described oil water separator also comprises to be located at describedly in slag Disengagement zone 10, and is positioned at first blow-off pipe 13 at minimum first step 14 places, and described the first blow-off pipe 13 is provided with the first blowoff valve 131; Be positioned at the second blow-off pipe 23 of described oil sump tank 21 bottoms, described the second blow-off pipe 23 is provided with the second blowoff valve; Be positioned at the 3rd blow-off pipe 43 of described oil-collecting storage area 40 bottoms, described the 3rd blow-off pipe 43 is provided with the 3rd blowoff valve 431.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present utility model; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes the utility model description and accompanying drawing content to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. an oil water separator, comprises a casing, it is characterized in that, is provided with every slag Disengagement zone and water-oil separating district in described casing, describedly every slag Disengagement zone, by one, every coral net, is communicated with described water-oil separating district; The described top every slag Disengagement zone is provided with water inlet pipe and every slag basket; Described water-oil separating is provided with oil sump tank in district, and the top of described oil sump tank is provided with oil exit pipe.
2. oil water separator as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises some described first steps in slag Disengagement zone of being located at, and described first step is positioned at described every the below of slag indigo plant, and arranges from high to low along first direction.
3. oil water separator as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, is provided with intilted chute in described casing, describedly every slag basket, by this chute, is installed in described casing.
4. oil water separator as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, also comprise by described every slag Disengagement zone and water-oil separating distinguish every the first downflow weir baffle plate and the second downflow weir baffle plate, described the first downflow weir baffle plate is relative with the second downflow weir baffle plate vertically to be arranged, the described top of being located at described the first downflow weir baffle plate every coral net one end, one end is located on described the second downflow weir baffle plate in addition; The bottom of described the second downflow weir baffle plate is provided with opening.
5. oil water separator as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that, the described angle every coral net and horizontal plane is greater than 90 °.
6. oil water separator as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, the bottom of described oil sump tank is provided with some second steps, and described second step is arranged by height from the bottom of described the second downflow weir baffle plate on earth along second direction.
7. oil water separator as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that, described second direction is the direction away from described the second downflow weir baffle plate, and described first direction intersects with described second direction or be or vertical.
8. oil water separator as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that, is also provided with some stepped plates in described oil sump tank, and the described stepped plate angle parallel or crossing with described second step is acute angle.
9. oil water separator as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, in described casing, be also provided with oil-collecting storage area, in described oil-collecting storage area, be provided with the oil-collecting bucket and the drainpipe that are positioned at described oil exit pipe below, one end of described drainpipe is communicated with described oil sump tank bottom, and one end is in communication with the outside in addition.
10. oil water separator as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Be located at describedly in slag Disengagement zone, and be positioned at first blow-off pipe at minimum first step place, described the first blow-off pipe is provided with the first blowoff valve; And/or
The second blow-off pipe that is positioned at described oil sump tank bottom, described the second blow-off pipe is provided with the second blowoff valve; And/or
The 3rd blow-off pipe that is positioned at described oil-collecting storage area bottom, described the 3rd blow-off pipe is provided with the 3rd blowoff valve; And/or
Be articulated with the side of described casing and be positioned at the throttle of getting of described oil-collecting storage area, and for observing the transparent windowpane of described oil-collecting bucket, described windowpane is positioned at described oil-collecting storage area.
CN201320575551.1U 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Oil-water separator Expired - Fee Related CN203447826U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320575551.1U CN203447826U (en) 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Oil-water separator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320575551.1U CN203447826U (en) 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Oil-water separator

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106006837A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-12 安徽欧兰泽环保科技有限公司 Movable oil separating tank
CN107892943A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-10 卢素珠 A kind of oil water separator for Petroleum refining
CN110433531A (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-11-12 河海大学 A kind of food and drink waste water oil water separator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106006837A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-12 安徽欧兰泽环保科技有限公司 Movable oil separating tank
CN107892943A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-10 卢素珠 A kind of oil water separator for Petroleum refining
CN110433531A (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-11-12 河海大学 A kind of food and drink waste water oil water separator

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140226

Termination date: 20140917