CN103626325A - Advanced treatment device for oil-containing waste water - Google Patents

Advanced treatment device for oil-containing waste water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103626325A
CN103626325A CN201210300483.8A CN201210300483A CN103626325A CN 103626325 A CN103626325 A CN 103626325A CN 201210300483 A CN201210300483 A CN 201210300483A CN 103626325 A CN103626325 A CN 103626325A
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water
oil
valve
waste
advanced treatment
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CN201210300483.8A
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杨志江
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Abstract

The invention discloses an advanced treatment device for oil-containing waste water, relates to waste water treatment equipment, and especially relates to advanced treatment of oil-containing waste water. The advanced treatment device comprises a slag separation and primary settlement zone (1), a reaction zone (2), an air floatation and oil-water separation zone (3), a water discharge zone (4), and a filtering zone (5). The advanced treatment device is capable of improving processing effect on the oil-containing waste water greatly, reducing environmental pollution caused by waste water discharging, avoiding that illegal cooking oil lawbreakers will take chances to collect waste oil at certain spots and regenerate oil for other uses, and realizing zero emission, water saving, and full utilization of social resources. The processed waste water after advanced treatment can be recycled, and the advanced treatment device is particularly suitable for advanced treatment of the oil-containing waste water in catering mechanisms such as restaurants, hotels, commercial plazas, and canteens.

Description

The advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sewage treatment equipment, particularly relate to the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water.
Background technology
In recent years, commercial square, shopping center, Entertainment Plaza, the quantity of hotel is as emerged rapidly in large numbersBamboo shoots after a spring rain, these commercial facilitys are generally all provided with food and drink, while hotel, hotel, the scale expanding day in dining room, quantity is increasing, the food and drink waste water amount that these facilities produce is also increasing, according to incompletely statistics, food and drink waste water quantity discharged accounts for 4% left and right of urban domestic wastewater quantity discharged, but wherein the content of the objectionable impurities such as contained BOD5 and CODcr accounts for the more than 30% of total load, as can be seen here, these source of pollution of food and drink waste water are the one of the main reasons that cause peri-urban water pollution, China has also recognized this point in a lot of popular cities.Present grease trap (pond) has following distinct disadvantage: oil-water separation is bad, thereby waste oil is not easy to removing, causes surrounding enviroment badly and produces strong peculiar smell, and the oily water content being separated out is containing high; Especially now sewer oil is becoming increasingly rampant, if more thoroughly do not excluded and assigned spot recovery in source, to have the machine of taking advantage of to lawless person, the waste oil that water content is very high is unfavorable for regeneration, or regeneration cost is very high, have the machine of taking advantage of to again sewer oil lawless person, the present oily water separating equipment water after processing can not reuse, and oleaginousness and solid suspension object height, do not reach reuse standard, all directly to enter sewer line or other water body, waste water resource and social resources.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water, it is bad that the present invention solves existing present oil-water separation, thereby waste oil is not easy to removing, causes surrounding enviroment badly and produce strong peculiar smell, and the oily water content being separated out is containing high; Water after processing can not reuse, and oleaginousness and solid suspension object height, do not reach reuse standard, is all directly to enter sewer line or other water body waste water source.
For addressing the above problem, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: You Ge Zha Yuchuchen district 1., reaction zone 2., air supporting and oily water separation district are 3., ④He filtrating area, drained zone is five parts 5., comprise water-in (1), grid (2), air volume regulating valve (3), oil guiding device (4), oil discharge outlet (5), visor (6), ventpipe (7), liquid level adjustable link (8), upper liquid level switch (9), lower liquid level switch (10), flowing water Valve (11), sewage draining valve (12), filler (13), filter (14), filter plate (15), backwashing intake valve (16), Graceful water valve (17), just washing water discharge valve (18), exhaust-valve (19), inspection manhole (20), backflow water pipe (21) and microbubble generator (22), it is few that oil after processing contains other impurity, reproducible utilization, water after processing can reuse.
Every Zha Yuchuchen district, 1. comprise grid (2) and totally enclosed a part of casing, feed-water end arranges grid (2), larger particle waste residue is excluded, regularly clear up the waste residue of grid (2), the sandstone that do not exclude will be deposited in bottom half, and time opening sewage draining valve (12) is got rid of the sandstone that are deposited in bottom half;
2. reaction zone comprises microbubble generator (22), backflow water pipe (21), air volume regulating valve (3) and pipeline and totally enclosed a part of casing, every slag and just heavy after contain waste water by 2. the partition board hole between 2. enters reaction zone every ①Yu reaction zone, Zha Yuchuchen district, the gas-liquid mixture producing with microbubble generator (22) fully reacts, waste oil sticks to micro-bubble surface, the recirculation water of backflow water pipe is the water of oil-containing not, there will not be like this frothing.
3. air supporting and oily water separation district comprise oil guiding device (4), oil discharge outlet (5), visor (6), ventpipe (7), inspection manhole (20) and totally enclosed a part of casing, the waste oil that sticks to micro-bubble surface due to surface tension and density difference act on air supporting and 3. rise from bottom to top in oily water separation district, oil guiding device (4) is shaped as taper, can efficiently the oil in water be imported in oil guiding device (4), 3. air supporting and oily water separation district are provided with visor (6), by visor (6), observe the effect of microbubble waste oil and carry out commissioning device, make oil removal effect reach ideal state;
4. drained zone comprises liquid level adjustable link (8), upper liquid level switch (9), lower liquid level switch (10), flowing water Valve (11) and totally enclosed a part of casing, liquid level adjustable link (8) and upper liquid level switch (9) and lower liquid level switch (10) form draining liquid-level-adjustable device, while reaching liquid level switch (9), open flowing water Valve (11), while reaching lower liquid level switch (10), close flowing water Valve (11), lower liquid level switch (10) is controlled draining liquid level, the waste oil water content of discharging still less, generally be no more than 5%, waste oil regeneration is worth high, the water oleaginousness of simultaneously discharging seldom, generally be no more than 5 mg/litre, but do not reach reuse requirement, need to process again,
5. filtrating area comprises sewage draining valve (12), filler (13), filter (14), filter plate (15), backwashing intake valve (16), Graceful water valve (17), just washes water discharge valve (18) and casing, effect is that the water after to air supporting oil removal carries out filter oil again and removes suspended solid in water by filler (13), filler (13) is hydrophilic and oleophobic filtering material, can one deck or multilayer, by washing or the back flushing of gas water-washing method, just can back flushing while only having water level to reach lower liquid level switch (10), the water after filtering can reach reuse standard completely;
Bottom half is provided with exhaust-valve (19) and pipeline, regularly gets rid of and is deposited in bottom settlings thing, and inspection manhole (20) is to overhaul the equipment in totally-enclosed casing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Nomenclature in figure: every Zha Yuchuchen district 1., reaction zone 2., air supporting and oily water separation district are 3., ④He filtrating area, drained zone 5., water-in (1), grid (2), air volume regulating valve (3), oil guiding device (4), oil discharge outlet (5), visor (6), ventpipe (7), liquid level adjustable link (8), upper liquid level switch (9), lower liquid level switch (10), flowing water Valve (11), sewage draining valve (12), filler (13), filter (14), filter plate (15), backwashing intake valve (16), Graceful water valve (17), just washing water discharge valve (18), exhaust-valve (19), inspection manhole (20), backflow water pipe (21), microbubble generator (22).
Advantage of the present invention: automatic Oil Guide is with efficient oil removal and be filtered into one, and power-equipment is few, simple in structure, reduced investment, treatment effect is good, and waste oil regeneration utility value is high, the recovering and reutilizing waste water after processing, thoroughly zero release, saving water resource, makes full use of social resources.
Embodiment
With best embodiment, the present invention is described in detail below.
As shown in Figure 1, the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water is mainly comprised of air supporting oil removal casing, filter box and corresponding equipment.Box shape is gengon, right cylinder or ellipse.Body cabinets cavity is provided with dividing plate and flap, every Zha Yuchuchen district 1. dividing plate and flap are separated into cabinets cavity, reaction zone 2., air supporting and oily water separation district are 3., ④He filtrating area, drained zone is five parts 5., comprise water-in (1), grid (2), air volume regulating valve (3), oil guiding device (4), oil discharge outlet (5), visor (6), ventpipe (7), liquid level adjustable link (8), upper liquid level switch (9), lower liquid level switch (10), flowing water Valve (11), sewage draining valve (12), filler (13), filter (14), filter plate (15), backwashing intake valve (16), Graceful water valve (17), just washing water discharge valve (18), exhaust-valve (19), inspection manhole (20), backflow water pipe (21) and microbubble generator (22), it is few that oil after processing contains other impurity, reproducible utilization, water after processing can reuse.
Every Zha Yuchuchen district, 1. comprise grid (2) and totally enclosed a part of casing, feed-water end arranges grid (2), larger particle waste residue is excluded, regularly clear up the waste residue of grid (2), the sandstone that do not exclude will be deposited in bottom half, and time opening sewage draining valve (12) is got rid of the sandstone that are deposited in bottom half;
2. reaction zone comprises microbubble generator (22), backflow water pipe (21), air volume regulating valve (3) and pipeline and totally enclosed a part of casing, every slag and just heavy after contain waste water by 2. the partition board hole between 2. enters reaction zone every ①Yu reaction zone, Zha Yuchuchen district, the gas-liquid mixture producing with microbubble generator (22) fully reacts, waste oil sticks to micro-bubble surface, the recirculation water of backflow water pipe is the water of oil-containing not, there will not be like this frothing.
3. air supporting and oily water separation district comprise oil guiding device (4), oil discharge outlet (5), visor (6), ventpipe (7), inspection manhole (20) and totally enclosed a part of casing, the waste oil that sticks to micro-bubble surface due to surface tension and density difference act on air supporting and 3. rise from bottom to top in oily water separation district, oil guiding device (4) is shaped as taper, can efficiently the oil in water be imported in oil guiding device (4), waste oil will be from taper oil guiding device (4) bottom along length direction from bottom to top, because only having 10mm~200mm apart from casing length direction in the upper edge of oil guiding device (4) length direction, this region is all waste oil.When in casing, liquid level rises to the upper edge of oil guiding device (4) length direction, waste oil will flow in oil guiding device (4) bucket, by oil discharge outlet (5), enter in waste oil collecting container.Air supporting and oily water separation district 3. tank wall are provided with inspection manhole (20).Its top arranges ventpipe (7), the foul smell in main collection tank (1).Air supporting and oily water separation district 3. top are provided with visor (6), observe the effect of microbubble waste oil carry out commissioning device by visor (6), make oil removal effect reach ideal state;
4. drained zone comprises liquid level adjustable link (8), upper liquid level switch (9), lower liquid level switch (10), flowing water Valve (11) and totally enclosed a part of casing, liquid level adjustable link (8) and upper liquid level switch (9) and lower liquid level switch (10) form draining liquid-level-adjustable device, while reaching liquid level switch (9), open flowing water Valve (11), while reaching lower liquid level switch (10), close flowing water Valve (11), lower liquid level switch (10) is controlled draining liquid level, the waste oil water content of discharging still less, generally be no more than 5%, waste oil regeneration is worth high, the water oleaginousness of simultaneously discharging seldom, generally be no more than 5 mg/litre, , but do not reach reuse requirement,
5. filtrating area comprises sewage draining valve (12), filler (13), filter (14), filter plate (15), backwashing intake valve (16), Graceful water valve (17), just washes water discharge valve (18) and casing, effect is that the water after to air supporting oil removal carries out filter oil again and removes suspended solid in water by filler (13), filler (13) is hydrophilic and oleophobic filtering material, can one deck or multilayer, the water after filtering can reach reuse standard completely; By washing or the back flushing of gas water-washing method, just can back flushing while only having water level to reach lower liquid level switch (10);
Bottom half is provided with exhaust-valve (19) and pipeline, regularly gets rid of and is deposited in bottom settlings thing, and inspection manhole (20) is to overhaul the equipment in totally-enclosed casing.
Finally it should be noted that: obviously, above-described embodiment is only for example of the present invention is clearly described, and the not restriction to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without also giving all embodiments.And the apparent variation of being amplified out thus or change are still among protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water, it is characterized in that: You Ge Zha Yuchuchen district 1., reaction zone 2., air supporting and oily water separation district are 3., ④He filtrating area, drained zone is five parts 5., comprise water-in (1), grid (2), air volume regulating valve (3), oil guiding device (4), oil discharge outlet (5), visor (6), ventpipe (7), liquid level adjustable link (8), upper liquid level switch (9), lower liquid level switch (10), flowing water Valve (11), sewage draining valve (12), filler (13), filter (14), filter plate (15), backwashing intake valve (16), Graceful water valve (17), just washing water discharge valve (18), exhaust-valve (19), inspection manhole (20), backflow water pipe (21) and microbubble generator (22), it is few that oil after processing contains other impurity, reproducible utilization, water after processing can reuse.
2. the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: every Zha Yuchuchen district, 1. comprise grid (2) and totally enclosed a part of casing, feed-water end arranges grid (2), larger particle waste residue is excluded, regularly clear up the waste residue of grid (2), the sandstone that do not exclude will be deposited in bottom half, and time opening sewage draining valve (12) is got rid of the sandstone that are deposited in bottom half.
3. the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: 2. reaction zone comprises microbubble generator (22), backflow water pipe (21), air volume regulating valve (3) and pipeline and totally enclosed a part of casing, every slag and just heavy after contain waste water by 2. the partition board hole between 2. enters reaction zone every ①Yu reaction zone, Zha Yuchuchen district, the gas-liquid mixture producing with microbubble generator (22) fully reacts, waste oil sticks to micro-bubble surface, the recirculation water of backflow water pipe is the water of oil-containing not, there will not be like this frothing.
4. the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: 3. air supporting and oily water separation district comprise oil guiding device (4), oil discharge outlet (5), visor (6), ventpipe (7), inspection manhole (20) and totally enclosed a part of casing, the waste oil that sticks to micro-bubble surface due to surface tension and density difference act on air supporting and 3. rise from bottom to top in oily water separation district, oil guiding device (4) is shaped as taper, can efficiently the oil in water be imported in oil guiding device (4), 3. air supporting and oily water separation district are provided with visor (6) and carry out commissioning device, by visor (6), observe the effect of microbubble waste oil, make oil removal effect reach ideal state.
5. the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: 4. drained zone comprises liquid level adjustable link (8), upper liquid level switch (9), lower liquid level switch (10), flowing water Valve (11) and totally enclosed a part of casing, liquid level adjustable link (8) and upper and lower liquid level switch form draining liquid-level-adjustable device, the liquid level that opens and closes flowing water Valve (11) is adjustable, the waste oil water content of discharging still less, waste oil regeneration is worth high, the water oleaginousness of discharging still less, generally be no more than 5 mg/litre, but do not reach reuse requirement, need to process again.
6. the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: 5. filtrating area comprises sewage draining valve (12), filler (13), filter (14), filter plate (15), backwashing intake valve (16), Graceful water valve (17), just washes water discharge valve (18) and casing, effect is that the water after to air supporting oil removal carries out filter oil again and removes suspended solid in water by filler (13), filler (13) is hydrophilic and oleophobic filtering material, can one deck or multilayer, the water after filtering can reach reuse standard completely.
7. the advanced treatment apparatus of oily(waste)water as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: bottom half is provided with exhaust-valve (19) and pipeline, regularly get rid of and be deposited in bottom settlings thing, inspection manhole (20) is to overhaul the equipment in totally-enclosed casing.
CN201210300483.8A 2012-08-22 2012-08-22 Advanced treatment device for oil-containing waste water Pending CN103626325A (en)

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CN105060525A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-18 天津领军环保科技有限公司 Kitchen waste sewage treatment apparatus
CN106554100A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-04-05 宁波泽清环保科技有限公司 Oily sewage disposal equipment and its processing method
CN106630302A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-10 江苏永益环保科技有限公司 Emulsion treatment equipment
CN107986484A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-05-04 南京西普环保科技有限公司 Oil water separator
CN108164021A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-15 常州思宇知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of oil containing sewage filter

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105060525A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-18 天津领军环保科技有限公司 Kitchen waste sewage treatment apparatus
CN106554100A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-04-05 宁波泽清环保科技有限公司 Oily sewage disposal equipment and its processing method
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CN107986484A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-05-04 南京西普环保科技有限公司 Oil water separator

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Application publication date: 20140312