CN203298518U - Overlaid cold capacity circulating and refrigerating device - Google Patents

Overlaid cold capacity circulating and refrigerating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203298518U
CN203298518U CN2013201977594U CN201320197759U CN203298518U CN 203298518 U CN203298518 U CN 203298518U CN 2013201977594 U CN2013201977594 U CN 2013201977594U CN 201320197759 U CN201320197759 U CN 201320197759U CN 203298518 U CN203298518 U CN 203298518U
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cold
refrigerating
producing medium
refrigerating device
refrigeration
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王海波
柳来扣
梁斌
丁琳
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Nanjing Reclaimer Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an overlaid cold capacity circulating and refrigerating device. A low-temperature liquid state freezing medium is used for replenishing cold capacity with a twin-stage liquid state circulation pump pressurizing method. The low-temperature liquid state freezing medium is heated through a recooling device and enters a cooling unit to provide cold capacity and to be a gas-state refrigerating agent. Pressure and temperature of the low-temperature liquid state freezing medium are reduced by undergoing expansion and working of an expansion machine and the low-temperature liquid freezing medium returns to a refrigerant storing tank through the recooling device or/and a throttle valve. According to the overlaid cold capacity circulating and refrigerating device, a circulation cooling water system in a traditional steam compressing type refrigerating device is not needed and maintaining and operating cost is much reduced. In terms of a unit with the same refrigerating capacity, the energy saving rate can be improved by more than 30% compared with a traditional overlaid cold capacity circulating and refrigerating device. Compared with the traditional refrigerating circulation technology, a reinforced cold conducting element can be more conveniently used, refrigerating equipment is more compact and the refrigerating efficiency of the refrigerating equipment is higher.

Description

The cold power circulating refrigerating device of a kind of superposition type
Technical field
The present invention relates to refrigeration technology field, specifically relate to the cold power circulating refrigerating device of a kind of superposition type.
Background technology
Modern Refrigeration Technique is as a science, be to grow up in 19th-century mid-term and later stage, before this, trace back to the mankind's ancestors, people have understood cold utilization and simple artificial cooling very early: do cold storage chamber with cellar, with the history of existing 5000 of cooling storeroom of spring.
After twentieth century, Refrigeration Technique has had larger development: domestic refrigerator came out in 1910, and 1917 start to put on market as commodity in the U.S..Nineteen thirty, the appearance of freon refrigeration working medium and the use of freon refrigerator bring new change to Refrigeration Technique.Nineteen seventies, people have carried out a large amount of research to mixed working fluid, and bring into use azeotropic mixed working medium, for new road has been opened up in the development of vapour compression refrigerator.Refrigeration Technique develops into today, and the temperature from preserving food and regulating certain space, expand, be penetrated into each department of national economy, and with daily life, had more closely and contacted.
1, business
Refrigeration Technique application commercially is mainly that perishable items (as fish, meat, egg, fruit, vegetables etc.) is carried out cold working, refrigeration and Refrigerated Transport,, to reduce the food consume in Matter production and allocation, guarantees the reasonable sale in market in each in season.Modern food industry, formed a complete cold chain from food production, storing to selling.The refrigerating plant that adopts has freezer, cold storage truck, refrigerated carrier and refrigerated train etc.Also have in addition commodity refrigerator, all kinds of cold drink equipment and various goods showing cabinet with refrigeration plant for food retail shop, dining room, dining room etc.
2, cooling and air conditioning
The comfort air conditioning system of making a living and applying flexibly, for example hotel, arenas, underground subway, large public building, automobile, aircraft cockpit, office.The air-conditioning equipment of residential building etc.,, for people provide suitable live and work environment, not only be of value to physically and mentally healthy, and can improve and produce and operating efficiency.
3, industrial production
In machine-building, steel is carried out K cryogenic treatment (70 ℃~-90 ℃), can change its metallographic structure, make austenite become martensite, improve hardness and the intensity of steel; In the assembling process of machine, utilize low temperature can conveniently realize interference fit.In chemical industry,, by means of refrigeration, can make gas liquefaction, mixed gas separation, take away the reaction heat in chemical reaction.Saline crystallization, lubricating oil degreasing need refrigeration; The need of production refrigeration of petroleum cracking, synthetic rubber, synthetic resin, fuel, chemical fertilizer, natural gas liquefaction, storing also need refrigeration.In steel and iron industry, blast furnace air need to use the method for freezing first with its dehumidifying, and then sends into blast furnace,, to reduce coke ratio, guarantees molten steel quality, and general large blast furnace need a few megawatt colds.
4, farming and animal husbandry
Utilize refrigeration to carry out K cryogenic treatment to crop seeds, create the phjytotron seedling, preserve the breeding seminal fluid in order to carry out artificial breeding etc.
5, architectural engineering
Utilize refrigeration can realize the exploitation cubic metre of earth of frozen soil method.When excavating mine, tunnel, building river dyke, or when mire, sand water place driving, can adopt the frozen soil method that working face is not caved in, guarantee construction safety.During the mix concrete, with ice, replace water, borrow the curing reaction heat of the melting heat compensation cement of ice, can make large-scale only post concrete component, can effectively avoid large-scale component to produce the defects such as internal stress and crack because can not get fully heat radiation.
6, national defense industry
The performance of the conventional weapons such as the engine of working under Alpine-cold condition, automobile, tank, artillery need be done the environmental simulation experiment; Control instrument in instrument, rocket, guided missile, also need ground simulation high-altitude cryogenic conditions to carry out performance test, and all these need to freeze provides the environmental condition of experiment for it.The control of atomic reactor also needs refrigeration.
7, health care
Cryosurgery, as heart, surgery, tumour, cataract, amygdaline excision, the transfer operation of skin and eyeball and hypothermic anesthesia etc., all need Refrigeration Technique.Except low temperature is preserved vaccine, medicine, also with freezing boulton process, preserve blood and skin in medicine.
In addition, in microelectric technique, the energy, novel raw material, space development, these stratospheres of biotechnology, Refrigeration Technique also has important application.
Various refrigerating methods, sum up, and can be divided into two large classes: input work realizes refrigeration and input heat realization refrigeration.Steam compression type refrigeration, thermoelectric cooling belong to the input work refrigeration, and absorption refrigeration, steam-sprayed refrigeration, absorption type refrigerating belong to the input heat and realize refrigeration.
The research contents of tradition Refrigeration Technique can be summarized as following three aspects:
1) research obtains the method for low temperature and relevant mechanism and corresponding kind of refrigeration cycle, and kind of refrigeration cycle is carried out thermodynamic (al) analysis and calculation.
2) study the character of cold-producing medium, thereby the working medium of performance satisfaction is provided for refrigeration machine.Mechanical refrigeration will could realize by the variation of cold-producing medium thermodynamic state, so the thermophysical property of cold-producing medium is the basis of carrying out cycle analysis and calculating.In addition,, in order to make the practical application of cold-producing medium energy, also must grasp their general physicochemical properties.
3) research realizes the necessary various machineries of kind of refrigeration cycle and technical equipment, and the process organization of their operation principle, performance evaluation, structure Design and Calculation and various refrigerating plants, system support are calculated.In addition, also have the automation issues of heat insulation problem, refrigeration plant, etc.
Above-mentioned the first two aspect forms the theoretical foundation of refrigeration, i.e. the research contents of traditional refrigeration principle, and the third aspect relates to concrete machine, equipment and device.
The main foundation of tradition refrigerating theory is thermodynamics, namely adopts the contrary cycle analysis kind of refrigeration cycle process in Kano of the same temperature difference, and the economic index of kind of refrigeration cycle is coefficient of refrigerating performance, the ratio of the income that obtains exactly and the cost that expends, and with atmospheric temperature T 0With temperature be T CAll kind of refrigeration cycle between low-temperature heat source (as freezer), with the coefficient of refrigerating performance of reverse Carnot cycle for the highest:
ϵ c = ( COP ) R , C = q 2 w 0 = T c T 0 - T c - - - ( 1 )
ε in following formula cFor coefficient of refrigerating performance, q 2For the refrigerating capacity of circulation, w 0For the net work that circulates and consume.
In fact, Kano is in the paper of " about thermodynamic opinion ", and the conclusion that draws is: " all heat engines of working between the constant temperature thermal source of two different temperatures, with the efficiency of reversible heat engine for the highest." namely by the descendant, being referred to as Carnot's theorem, the thermal efficiency that arranges the Carnot cycle that draws by the desirable equation of gas state is:
η c = 1 - T 2 T 1 - - - ( 2 )
The temperature T of the high temperature heat source in formula (2) 1With the temperature of low-temperature heat source be T 2All higher than atmospheric temperature T 0, and can draw following some important conclusion:
1) thermal efficiency of Carnot cycle only is decided by the temperature of high temperature heat source and low-temperature heat source, and namely the temperature during the working medium heat absorption and release, improve T 1With reduction T 2, can improve the thermal efficiency.
2) thermal efficiency of Carnot cycle can only must not equal 1 less than 1, because T 1=∞ or T 2=0 all can not realize.In other words, though in cycle engine in the ideal case, also heat energy all can not be converted into mechanical energy, the thermal efficiency is certainly more impossible greater than 1.
3) work as T 1=T 2The time, thermal efficiency of cycle equals 0, it shows, in the system of equalized temperature, heat energy can not be converted into mechanical energy, heat energy produces power must have temperature difference as thermodynamic condition, thereby has verified that the machine by the single source continuous doing work does not manufacture, or perpetual motion machine of the second kind is non-existent.
4) Carnot cycle and thermal efficiency formula thereof are significant in thermodynamic (al) development.At first, it has established the theoretical foundation of the second law of thermodynamics; Secondly, the research of Carnot cycle has been pointed out direction for improving the various heat power machine thermals efficiency, closely may improve the endothermic temperature of working medium and reduce as far as possible the exothermic temperature of working medium, and heat release is carried out while can unearned minimum temperature being atmospheric temperature approaching.What propose in Carnot cycle utilizes adiabatic compression to improve the method for gas endothermic temperature, still generally adopts in the heat power machine take gas as working medium so far.
5) limit point of Carnot cycle is atmospheric temperature, and to the circulation of the process of refrigerastion lower than environment temperature, Carnot cycle does not provide clear and definite answer.
Due to the imperfection of coefficient of refrigerating performance, the scholar of lot of domestic and foreign studies it, and has proposed Perfect Suggestions.Ma Yitai etc. in the analysis of the research of the Energy Efficiency Standard of heat pump product and cycling hot mechanics sophistication " refrigeration with " in conjunction with Curzon and Ahlborn the analysis that this irreversible procedure introducing thermodynamic cycle of different transfer of heat is arranged, and the inspiration of the Finite-Time Thermodynamics that creates thus, in conjunction with the CA cycle efficieny, proposed the thermodynamics sophistication of CA direct circulation, made the efficiency research of refrigeration and heat pump product that progress to a certain degree arranged.
But use thermodynamic (al) basic theories can not make succinctly kind of refrigeration cycle, understand, explain intuitively.Einstein once did evaluation to classical thermodynamics: " a kind of theory, its prerequisite is simpler, and related things is more, and more extensively, it gives people's impression just more deep to its accommodation.", to the theoretical explanation of refrigerating field, also answer this advantage of to succeed and develop.
Therefore how kind of refrigeration cycle is studied, really found the theoretical foundation of kind of refrigeration cycle, and during the new refrigerating circulatory device of proposition is applied to reality on this theoretical foundation, and the consumption of effectively lowering the energy, the difficult point that refrigeration technology field is studied become.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly to be applied to the imperfection of refrigerating plant and kind of refrigeration cycle theory analysis for solving Carnot's theorem, proposition is cold theory of mechanics corresponding to the new refrigerating theory of thermodynamic argument, be referred to as low-temperature receiver for the environment lower than atmospheric temperature, with respect to the thermal source higher than environment temperature; Corresponding to heat energy, heat, corresponding cold energy, cold concept are proposed.Described refrigerating plant, refer to consume that mechanical power realizes cold energy from atmospheric environment to low temperature cold source or from low temperature cold source to the more transfer of low temperature cold source.When realizing the cold energy conversion, all need the operation material of Cucumber as refrigerating plant, be called refrigeration working medium.Described refrigeration working medium, refer under standard state boiling point less than the low boiling working fluid of the one-component of-10 ℃, or take boiling point under standard state less than the low boiling working fluid of-10 ℃ as cold-producing medium as main hybrid refrigeration working medium.
In process of refrigerastion, Conversion of Energy and law of conservation are followed in the transmission of cold energy.
For describing direction, condition and the limit that in process of refrigerastion, cold transmits, propose cold mechanics second law: the essence of cold mechanics second law is the same with the essence of the second law of thermodynamics, follow equally " can matter decline demote principle ", being multi-form cold energy, is the difference that " matter " is arranged on the ability of changing successfully amount; Even the cold energy of same form, its existence are not simultaneously, its transfer capability is also different.The real process that all cold energy transmit, the direction that always towards energy matter, descends is carried out, and all cold energy are always from being sent to the conversion of atmospheric environment direction.The raising process of cold energy energy matter can not be automatically, carry out individually, the process that the process of the raising of an energy matter must be accompanied by the decline of another energy matter occurs simultaneously, this process that can matter descends is exactly to realize the compensation condition of necessity that can the matter elevation process, namely with can matter drop to cost, by way of compensation promote can the matter elevation process realization.In real process,, as the energy matter decline process of cost, must be enough to compensate the process that energy matter raises, the universal law that to meet total energy matter, must descend.Therefore, under the compensation condition that certain energy matter descends, the process that energy matter raises must have a theoretical limit the highest.Only under the ideal conditions of completely reversibility, just can reach this theoretical limit, at this moment, can just in time equal the offset that energy matter descends by the matter lift-off value, make total energy quality guarantee hold constant.As seen, reversible process is the energy matter conservative process of equidimensional ideal; Energy matter total in irreversible procedure must descend; May realize in no instance the process that the total energy matter of isolated blob is raise.Here it is can matter declines and demotes the physical connotation of principle, is the essence of cold mechanics second law, is also the essence of the second law of thermodynamics, and it has disclosed, and all Macroscopic Process are mandatory, the objective law of relative process travel direction, condition and limit.
The fundamental formular of describing cold mechanics second law is:
η c = 1 - T c 2 T c 1 - - - ( 3 )
In formula (3), Tc2<Tc1<To, To is environment temperature, is Kelvin's thermometric scale.
Relative environment temperature To, the maximum cold efficiency of low-temperature receiver under Tc1, Tc2 is:
η c = 1 - T c 1 T 0 - - - ( 4 )
η c = 1 - T c 2 T 0 - - - ( 5 )
Be assumed to be q 2The refrigerating capacity of circulation, w 0For the net work that circulates and consume, when sink temperature is Tc1:
w 0 = ( 1 - T c 1 T 0 ) q 2 - - - ( 6 )
Equally, when sink temperature is Tc2:
w 0 = ( 1 - T c 2 T 0 ) q 2 - - - ( 7 )
Be not difficult to find out to (7) from formula (4), the efficiency of cold mechanics is between 0 to 1, inevitable due to irreversibility in real process, and kind of refrigeration cycle efficiency is less than 1; When environment temperature To determined, sink temperature was lower, inputted same merit, and the refrigerating capacity of acquisition is more, thereby for constructing new kind of refrigeration cycle, had indicated direction.
Need to prove:
(1) cold is spontaneously from low temperature cold source to environment temperature, to transmit;
(2) can not pass to cold lower low-temperature receiver and not cause other variations from low temperature cold source;
When (3) cold was from the low temperature cold source transmission to environment, the merit amount that exchanges with the external world was w 0, wherein comprise the idle work p that environment is done 0(V 0-V c), p 0For atmospheric pressure, Vo is the volume under environment temperature, and Vc is the volume under sink temperature, and the maximum reversible useful work that can do is:
( W u ) max = W 0 - p 0 ( V 0 - V c ) = ( 1 - Tc To ) Q 0 - p 0 ( V 0 - V c )
When (4) cold is from the low temperature cold source transmission to environment, to the unavailable energy of environment transmission, be:
Figure BDA00003065194300092
Idle work to the environment transmission is: p 0(V 0-V c)
Corresponding to available energy " ", the unavailable energy " cinder " of heat, heat, cold to be fetched water fiery understanding, the available energy for cold, be named as " cold ripples ", and cold is called " cold Jin " to the unavailable energy of environment transmission, and " Jin " pronunciation is " using up ".
When (5) cold energy transmitted to environment temperature, outwards the optimum pattern of acting was for adopting the thermal generator of Seebeck (Seebeck) effect, i.e. cold power generator;
(6) in cold mechanics, energy must, also must meet Conversion of Energy and law of conservation;
(7), by using for reference the design of Finite-Time Thermodynamics, can develop the cold mechanics basic theories of finite time;
(8) can not break away from environment and estimate the grade of cold;
(9) cold mechanics and thermodynamics are two branches in energetics, both there is the one side of opposition, exist again unified one side: in the cryogenic refrigeration circulation, under the prerequisite of following cold mechanics second law, the Rankine cycle principle is followed again in the cyclic process of the cold-producing medium working medium of constructing under low temperature environment, again get back to again Carnot law, just meet the principle that has the positive and negative sun to help mutually in the moon in Chinese traditional aesthetics.
Can find out from the above-mentioned theory basis, the cold mechanics of supposing has the theoretical frame system with the thermodynamics symmetry, meets the basic principle of the aesthetics of science, namely opposes each other and yet also complement each other, symmetry principle.
Based on above-mentioned basic principle, the present invention proposes based on above-mentioned cold mechanics basic principle, constructs and is different from the cold power circulating refrigerating device of traditional superposition type.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows, and the cold power circulating refrigerating device of a kind of superposition type is characterized in that:
From cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, after liquid circulation pump 3 superchargings,, through returning cooler 4, with cold unit 8, decompressor 6, dragging braking equipment 7, from decompressor 6 exhaust steam out,, again through returning cooler 4, returning cooler 4-1, choke valve 9, return to cold-producing medium basin 1; , from cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, after liquid circulation pump 3-1 supercharging,, through returning cooler 4-1, choke valve 9-1, return to cold-producing medium basin 1, thereby form the cold power closed circuit of superposition type of refrigeration working medium.
Described refrigeration working medium 2 is cold-producing medium, refers under standard state boiling point less than the low boiling refrigeration working medium of the one-component of-10 ℃, or take boiling point under standard state less than the low boiling refrigeration working medium of-10 ℃ as main hybrid refrigeration working medium.
The cold power circulating refrigerating device of described superposition type is provided with choke valve 9,9-1: from cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, after liquid circulation pump 3 superchargings, through returning cooler 4, with cold unit 8, decompressor 6, dragging braking equipment 7,, again through returning cooler 4, returning cooler 4-1, choke valve 9, return to cold-producing medium basin 1 from decompressor 6 exhaust steam out; , from cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, after liquid circulation pump 3-1 supercharging,, through returning cooler 4-1, choke valve 9-1, return to cold-producing medium basin 1, thereby form the cold power closed circuit of superposition type of refrigeration working medium.
The cold unit 8 of described use includes but not limited to the cool equipment such as refrigerator, air-conditioning, freezer.
The braking equipment 7 of described decompressor 6 adopts blower fan, hydraulic pump, generator or compressor.
Described time cooler 4, time cooler 4-1 are so-called regenerator, heat exchanger in traditional kind of refrigeration cycle, adopt the cold-exchange of shell-and-tube cold-exchange, plate-fin cold-exchange, microchannel cold-exchange or other patterns, the structure of the shell-and-tube heat exchanger in its structure and traditional kind of refrigeration cycle, plate-fin heat exchanger, micro-channel heat exchanger etc. is same or similar.
Described cold-producing medium basin 1 adopts the cold insulation measure, as adopting the cold insulation materials such as heat-insulation vacuum container, pearlife.
The cold power circulating refrigerating device of described superposition type is equally applicable to the open type refrigeration system: namely outside the cold-producing medium of decompressor 6 step-downs, cooling for being used for other cold unit, supplement the liquid refrigerant 2 of equal in quality to cold-producing medium basin 1, thereby form the balance of cold-producing medium.
Unaccounted equipment and back-up system thereof, pipeline, instrument, valve, cold insulation in the present invention, the mature technology that has in the known traditional kind of refrigeration cycle of employing such as regulatory function bypass facility carry out supporting.
Device of the present invention is equally applicable to the cold power refrigeration system of open type: namely outside the cold-producing medium of decompressor 6 step-downs, cooling for being used for cold unit, supplement the liquid refrigerant 2 of equal in quality, quantity to cold-producing medium basin 1, thus the balance of formation cold-producing medium; Can with the steam Rankine cycle in back pressure heat supply unit carry out analogy.
Unaccounted equipment and back-up system thereof, pipeline, instrument, valve, cold insulation in the present invention, the mature technology that has in the known traditional kind of refrigeration cycle of employing such as regulatory function bypass facility carry out supporting.
The present invention has following advantage compared to existing technology: energy-saving effect is remarkable, cancel the vapour compression machine in traditional kind of refrigeration cycle, utilize the character near incompressible fluid of liquid, adopting the cryogenic liquid circulating pump to carry out supercharging substitutes, in conjunction with cold mechanics second law, can effectively improve the efficiency of kind of refrigeration cycle, with traditional refrigerating plant, compare, the fractional energy savings of identical refrigerating capacity can reach more than 30%; Need not condenser in traditional vapor compression formula kind of refrigeration cycle and supporting cooling water system thereof, flow setting is more succinct, more meets the energy-conserving and environment-protective principle; Decompressor, time cooler can be sealed up for safekeeping in a device, and cold loss caused by heat inleak reduces; The kind of refrigeration cycle that the maintenance load of equipment is more traditional has the reduction of very big degree, can adopt easily the oil-free lubrication technology, eliminates the rotten of traditional vapor compression machine lubricating oil and on the impact of kind of refrigeration cycle, maintenance and operating cost descend more; Heat conduction reinforced, more traditional kind of refrigeration cycle technology, can adopt to strengthen to pass cold element more easily, and refrigeration plant and refrigerating efficiency thereof are compacter.
Description of drawings
For the ease of it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is the cold power circulating refrigerating device of a kind of superposition type of the present invention schematic flow sheet.
In Fig. 1: 1-cold-producing medium basin, the 2-liquid refrigerant, the 3-liquid circulation pump, the 3-1-liquid circulation pump, 4-returns cooler, and 4-1-returns cooler, 5-cold-producing medium, 6-decompressor, the cold unit of 7-braking equipment, 8-, 9-choke valve, 9-1-choke valve.
The specific embodiment
For the ease of it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, invention is further described.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of cold power circulating refrigerating device, specific embodiment is as follows:
Cold-producing medium adopts liquid nitrogen.
From cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, after liquid circulation pump 3 superchargings,, through returning cooler 4, with cold unit 8, decompressor 6, dragging braking equipment 7, from decompressor 6 exhaust steam out,, again through returning cooler 4, returning cooler 4-1, choke valve 9, return to cold-producing medium basin 1; , from cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, after liquid circulation pump 3-1 supercharging,, through returning cooler 4-1, choke valve 9-1, return to cold-producing medium basin 1, thereby form the cold power closed circuit of superposition type of refrigeration working medium.
The cold unit 8 of described use adopts freezer.
The braking equipment 7 of described decompressor 6 adopts hydraulic pump, as the booster pump of liquid nitrogen.
Described time cooler 4, time cooler 4-1 adopt plate-fin cold-exchange or microchannel cold-exchange.
Described cold-producing medium basin 1 adopts the heat-insulation vacuum container, and adopting pearlife is the cold insulation material.
Unaccounted equipment and back-up system thereof, pipeline, instrument, valve, cold insulation in the present invention, the mature technology that has in the known traditional kind of refrigeration cycle of employing such as regulatory function bypass facility carry out supporting.
Be provided with safety, the control facility supporting with refrigerating circulatory device of the present invention, make device energy economy, safety, high thermal efficiency operation, reach purpose energy-saving and cost-reducing, environmental protection.
Although the present invention with preferred embodiment openly as above, they are not to limit the present invention, anyly are familiar with this skill person, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, certainly, when making various changes or retouch, belong to equally the present invention's protection domain.Therefore protection scope of the present invention should with the application claim was defined is as the criterion.

Claims (7)

1. cold power circulating refrigerating device of superposition type, it is characterized in that: from cold-producing medium basin (1) liquid refrigerant (2) out, after liquid circulation pump (3) supercharging, through returning cooler (4), with cold unit (8), decompressor (6), dragging braking equipment (7),, again through returning cooler (4), second time cooler (4-1), choke valve (9), return to cold-producing medium basin (1) from decompressor (6) exhaust steam out; , from cold-producing medium basin (1) liquid refrigerant (2) out, after second liquid circulating pump (3-1) supercharging,, through second time cooler (4-1), return to cold-producing medium basin (1).
2. the cold power circulating refrigerating device of superposition type according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described liquid refrigerant (2) is refrigeration working medium, refers to that boiling point is less than the low boiling refrigeration working medium of the one-component of-10 ℃ under standard state.
3. the cold power circulating refrigerating device of superposition type according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: it also is provided with the second choke valve (9-1): from cold-producing medium basin (1) liquid refrigerant (2) out, after liquid circulation pump (3) supercharging, through returning cooler (4), with cold unit (8), decompressor (6), dragging braking equipment (7),, again through returning cooler (4), second time cooler (4-1), choke valve (9), return to cold-producing medium basin (1) from decompressor (6) exhaust steam out; From cold-producing medium basin (1) liquid refrigerant (2) out, after second liquid circulating pump (3-1) supercharging,, through second time cooler (4-1), the second choke valve (9-1), return to cold-producing medium basin (1), thereby form the cold power closed circuit of superposition type of refrigeration working medium.
4. the cold power circulating refrigerating device of superposition type according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the cold unit of described use (8) includes but not limited to refrigerator, air-conditioning, freezer cool equipment.
5. the cold power circulating refrigerating device of superposition type according to claim 2, is characterized in that: braking equipment (7) employing blower fan, hydraulic pump, generator or the compressor of described decompressor (6).
6. the cold power circulating refrigerating device of superposition type according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described time cooler (4), second time cooler (4-1) are so-called regenerator, heat exchanger in traditional kind of refrigeration cycle, adopt shell-and-tube cold-exchange, plate-fin cold-exchange, microchannel cold-exchange, the structure of the shell-and-tube heat exchanger in its structure and traditional kind of refrigeration cycle, plate-fin heat exchanger, micro-channel heat exchanger is identical.
7. the cold power circulating refrigerating device of superposition type according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the measure of described cold-producing medium basin (1) employing cold insulation.
CN2013201977594U 2013-04-18 2013-04-18 Overlaid cold capacity circulating and refrigerating device Withdrawn - After Issue CN203298518U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103256744A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-08-21 南京瑞柯徕姆环保科技有限公司 Overlapping type freezing-force circulation refrigeration unit (high pressure side)
WO2017107591A1 (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-06-29 大连理工大学 Auto-cascade refrigeration system using phase-change wave rotor and operation method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103256744A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-08-21 南京瑞柯徕姆环保科技有限公司 Overlapping type freezing-force circulation refrigeration unit (high pressure side)
WO2014169723A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 南京瑞柯徕姆环保科技有限公司 Overlapping type freezing-force circulation refrigeration unit (high pressure side)
US10184698B2 (en) 2013-04-18 2019-01-22 Nanjing Reclaimer Environmental Teknik Co., Ltd Overlapping type freezing-force circulation refrigeration unit
WO2017107591A1 (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-06-29 大连理工大学 Auto-cascade refrigeration system using phase-change wave rotor and operation method thereof

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