CN103148646B - A kind of cold power circulating refrigerating device - Google Patents

A kind of cold power circulating refrigerating device Download PDF

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CN103148646B
CN103148646B CN201310029677.3A CN201310029677A CN103148646B CN 103148646 B CN103148646 B CN 103148646B CN 201310029677 A CN201310029677 A CN 201310029677A CN 103148646 B CN103148646 B CN 103148646B
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cold
producing medium
time cooler
cooler
basin
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CN103148646A (en
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王海波
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Nanjing Reclaimer Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of cold power circulating refrigerating device, low temperature liquid cold-producing medium is adopted to supplement cold through the method for liquid circulation pump supercharging, after returning cooler raised temperature, enter and provide cold with cold unit, cold-producing medium out reduces after pressure, temperature through choke valve, return cold-producing medium basin, for reducing the irreversible loss passing cold process, time cooler arranging necessary amount can use loss of energy to reduce cold.The present invention is without the need to the recirculating cooling water system in conventional vapor-compression refrigerating plant, and maintenance and operating cost decline more, the unit of identical refrigerating capacity, the more traditional raising more than 30% of fractional energy savings, and economic, society, environmental benefit are remarkable.

Description

A kind of cold power circulating refrigerating device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cold power circulating refrigerating device, specifically belong to refrigeration technology field.
Background technology
Modern refrigerant technology is as a science, be that 19th-century mid-term and Later development get up, before this, trace back to the ancestors of the mankind, people understand cold utilization and simple artificial cooling very early: with Zuo Lengzhu room, cellar, the history had 5000 with spring cooling storeroom.
After twentieth century, Refrigeration Technique has had larger development: within 1910, domestic refrigerator comes out, and 1917 start to put on market as commodity in the U.S..Nineteen thirty, the appearance of freon refrigeration working medium and the use of freon refrigerator bring new change to Refrigeration Technique.Nineteen seventies, people have carried out large quantifier elimination to mixed working fluid, and bring into use azeotropic mixed working medium, and the development for vapour compression refrigerator opens new road.Refrigeration Technique develops into today, from preserving food and regulating the temperature of certain space, expands, penetrates into each department of national economy, and has had with daily life and contact more closely:
1, business
Refrigeration Technique application commercially mainly carries out cold working, refrigeration and Refrigerated Transport to perishable items (as fish, meat, egg, fruit, vegetables etc.), to reduce the food consume in Matter production and allocation, ensures the reasonable sale in market in each in season.Modern food industry, from food production, stores and transports to sell and has formed a complete cold chain.The refrigerating plant adopted has freezer, cold storage truck, refrigerated carrier and refrigerated train etc.Also have commodity refrigerator, all kinds of cold drink equipment and the various goods showing cabinet with refrigeration plant for food retail shop, dining room, dining room etc. in addition.
2, cooling and air conditioning
To make a living the comfort air conditioning system applied flexibly, such as hotel, arenas, underground subway, large public building, automobile, aircraft cockpit, office.The air-conditioning equipment of residential building etc., for people provide suitable live and work environment, is not only of value to physically and mentally healthy, and can improves production and operating efficiency.
3, industrial production
In machine-building, K cryogenic treatment (-70 DEG C ~-90 DEG C) is carried out to steel, its metallographic structure can be changed, make austenite become martensite, improve hardness and the intensity of steel; In the assembling process of machine, utilize low temperature conveniently can realize interference fit.In chemical industry, by means of refrigeration, can gas liquefaction be made, mixed gas separation, take away the reaction heat in chemical reaction.Saline crystallization, lubricating oil degreasing need refrigeration; The need of production refrigeration of petroleum cracking, synthetic rubber, synthetic resin, fuel, chemical fertilizer, natural gas liquefaction, storing also need refrigeration.In steel and iron industry, the method for blast furnace air needs refrigeration is first dehumidified, and then sends into blast furnace, and to reduce coke ratio, ensure molten steel quality, general large blast furnace needs a few megawatt cold.
4, farming and animal husbandry
Utilize refrigeration to carry out K cryogenic treatment to crop seeds, create phjytotron seedling, preserve breeding seminal fluid to carry out artificial breeding etc.
5, architectural engineering
Utilize refrigeration can realize the frozen soil method exploitation earthwork.When excavating mine, tunnel, building river dyke, or when mire, sand water place driving, can adopt frozen soil method that working face is not caved in, ensure construction safety.During mixed concrete, replace water with ice, the melting heat by means of ice compensates the curing reaction heat of cement, can make large-scale only post concrete component, can effectively avoid large-scale component to produce the defect such as internal stress and crack because can not get fully heat radiation.
6, national defense industry
The performance of the conventional weapons such as the engine worked under Alpine-cold condition, automobile, tank, artillery need do environmental simulation experiment; Control instrument in instrument, rocket, guided missile, also needs ground simulation altitude low temperature condition to carry out performance test, and all these needs refrigeration to provide the environmental condition of experiment for it.The control of atomic reactor also needs refrigeration.
7, health care
Cryosurgery, as heart, surgery, tumour, cataract, amygdaline excision, the transfer operation of skin and eyeball and hypothermic anesthesia etc., all need Refrigeration Technique.Except Cord blood vaccine, medicine, in medicine, also preserve blood and skin with freezing boulton process.
In addition, in microelectric technique, the energy, novel raw material, space development, these stratospheres of biotechnology, Refrigeration Technique also has important application.
Various refrigerating method, sums up, and can be divided into two large classes: input work realizes refrigeration and input heat realizes refrigeration.Steam compression type refrigeration, thermoelectric cooling belong to input work refrigeration, and absorption refrigeration, steam-sprayed refrigeration, absorption type refrigerating belong to input heat and realize refrigeration.
The research contents of conventional refrigeration technology can be summarized as following three aspects:
1) research obtains the method for low temperature and relevant mechanism and corresponding kind of refrigeration cycle, and carries out thermodynamic (al) analysis and calculation to kind of refrigeration cycle.
2) character of cold-producing medium is studied, thus the working medium providing performance satisfied for refrigeration machine.Mechanical refrigeration could will be realized, so the thermophysical property of cold-producing medium is the basis of carrying out cycle analysis and calculating by the change of cold-producing medium thermodynamic state.In addition, in order to make the practical application of cold-producing medium energy, their general physicochemical properties must also be grasped.
3) research realizes the necessary various machinery of kind of refrigeration cycle and technical equipment, and process organization, the system support of their operation principle, performance evaluation, structure Design and Calculation and various refrigerating plant calculate.In addition, the automation issues of heat insulation problem, refrigeration plant is also had, etc.
Above-mentioned the first two aspect forms the theoretical foundation of refrigeration, and the research contents of namely traditional refrigeration principle, the third aspect relates to concrete machine, equipment and device.
The main foundation of conventional refrigeration theory is thermodynamics, namely adopts the Kano of the same temperature difference against cycle analysis refrigerative circle system, and the economic index of kind of refrigeration cycle is coefficient of refrigerating performance, the income obtained exactly and the ratio of cost expended, and with atmospheric temperature T 0be T with temperature call kind of refrigeration cycle between low-temperature heat source (as freezer) are the highest with the coefficient of refrigerating performance of reverse Carnot cycle:
ϵ c = ( COP ) R , C = q 2 w 0 = T c T 0 - T c - - - ( 1 )
ε in above formula cfor coefficient of refrigerating performance, q 2for the refrigerating capacity of circulation, w 0for the net work consumed that circulates.
In fact, Kano is in the paper of " about thermodynamic opinion ", and the conclusion drawn is: " all heat engines worked between the constant temperature thermal source of two different temperatures are the highest with the efficiency of reversible heat engine." being namely referred to as Carnot's theorem by descendant, the thermal efficiency carrying out arranging the Carnot cycle drawn by The Ideal-Gas Equation is:
η c = 1 - T 2 T 1 - - - ( 2 )
The temperature T of the high temperature heat source in formula (2) 1be T with the temperature of low-temperature heat source 2all higher than atmospheric temperature T 0, and some important conclusion following can be drawn:
1) thermal efficiency of Carnot cycle is only decided by the temperature of high temperature heat source and low-temperature heat source, the temperature namely during working medium heat absorption and release, improves T 1and T 2, can the thermal efficiency be improved.
2) thermal efficiency of Carnot cycle can only be less than 1, must not equal 1, because T 1=∞ or T 2=0 all can not realize.In other words, even if, also heat energy all can not be converted into mechanical energy, the thermal efficiency is certainly more impossible is greater than 1 in cycle engine in the ideal case.
3) T is worked as 1=T 2time, thermal efficiency of cycle equals 0, it shows, in the system of equalized temperature, heat energy can not be converted into mechanical energy, heat energy produces power must have temperature difference as thermodynamic condition, thus the machine demonstrated by single source continuous doing work does not manufacture, or perpetual motion machine of the second kind is non-existent.
4) Carnot cycle and thermal efficiency formula thereof are significant in thermodynamic (al) development.First, it has established the theoretical foundation of the second law of thermodynamics; Secondly, the research of Carnot cycle indicates direction for improving the various heat power machine thermal efficiency, closely may improve the endothermic temperature of working medium and reduce the exothermic temperature of working medium as far as possible, make heat release close can unearned minimum temperature and atmospheric temperature time carry out.What propose in Carnot cycle utilizes adiabatic compression to improve the method for gas heat absorption temperature, still generally adopts so far in the heat power machine taking gas as working medium.
5) limit point of Carnot cycle is atmospheric temperature, and circulate to the process of refrigerastion lower than environment temperature, Carnot cycle does not provide clear and definite answer.
Due to the imperfection of coefficient of refrigerating performance, the scholar of lot of domestic and foreign studies it, and proposes Perfect Suggestions.Ma Yitai etc. in " refrigeration and the Energy Efficiency Standard of heat pump product are studied and the analysis of circulation thermodynamics consummating degree " in conjunction with Curzon and Ahlborn the analysis having this irreversible procedure of different transfer of heat to introduce thermodynamic cycle, and the inspiration of the Finite-Time Thermodynamics created thus, in conjunction with CA cycle efficieny, propose the thermodynamics consummating degree of CA direct circulation, make the efficiency research of refrigeration and heat pump product have progress to a certain degree.
But use thermodynamic (al) basic theories can not make simple, clear and intuitive explanation to kind of refrigeration cycle.Einstein once did evaluation to classical thermodynamics: " a kind of theoretical, its prerequisite is simpler, and involved things is more, and its accommodation is more extensive, and it gives the impression of people more deep." theoretical explanation to refrigerating field, also should inherit and develop this advantage.
Therefore how kind of refrigeration cycle is studied, really find the theoretical foundation of kind of refrigeration cycle, and in this theoretical foundation, propose new refrigerating circulatory device be applied in reality, and effectively lower the consumption of the energy, become the difficult point of refrigeration technology field research.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is exactly the imperfection being applied to refrigerating plant and kind of refrigeration cycle theory analysis for solving Carnot's theorem, propose to correspond to the new refrigerating theory of thermodynamic argument and cold theory of mechanics, low-temperature receiver is referred to as the environment lower than atmospheric temperature, relative to the thermal source higher than environment temperature; Corresponding to heat energy, heat, corresponding cold energy, cold concept are proposed.Described refrigerating plant, refers to and consumes mechanical power to realize cold energy from atmospheric environment to low temperature cold source or from low temperature cold source to the transfer of more low temperature cold source.When realizing cold energy conversion, all needing Cucumber as the operation material of refrigerating plant, being called refrigeration working medium.Described refrigeration working medium, refers to that boiling point is less than the low boiling working fluid of the one-component of-10 DEG C in normal conditions, or is less than based on boiling point under standard state the Mix refrigerant cycle that the low boiling working fluid of-10 DEG C is cold-producing medium.
In process of refrigerastion, Conversion of Energy and law of conservation are followed in the transmission of cold energy.
For describing cold transmits in process of refrigerastion direction, condition and limit, cold mechanics second law is proposed: the essence of cold mechanics second law follows the essence of the second law of thermodynamics to be the same, follow equally " can matter decline demote principle ", namely multi-form cold energy is the difference that has " matter " in the ability changing successfully amount; Even the cold energy of same form, when its existence is different, its transfer capability is also different.The real process that all cold energy transmit, the direction always declined towards energy matter is carried out, and all cold energy are always from being sent to the conversion of atmospheric environment direction.The raising process of cold energy energy matter can not be carried out automatically, individually, the process of the inevitable decline along with another energy matter of process of the raising of an energy matter occurs simultaneously, the process of this energy matter decline is exactly the compensation condition of the necessity realizing energy matter elevation process, namely matter can drop to cost, to promote the realization of energy matter elevation process as compensation.In real process, as the energy matter decline process of cost, the process compensating the rising of energy matter must be enough to, to meet the universal law that total energy matter must decline.Therefore, under the compensation condition that certain energy matter declines, the process that energy matter raises must have a theoretical limit the highest.Only under the ideal conditions of completely reversibility, just can reach this theoretical limit, at this moment, energy matter lift-off value just in time equals the offset that energy matter declines, and total energy matter is remained unchanged.Visible, reversible process is the energy matter conservative process of equidimensional ideal; Energy matter total in irreversible procedure must decline; The process that the energy matter that may realize in no instance making isolated blob total raises.Here it is matter can decline and demote the physical connotation of principle, and being the essence of cold mechanics second law, is also the essence of the second law of thermodynamics, it discloses that all Macroscopic Process are mandatory, the objective law of relative process travel direction, condition and limit.
The fundamental formular describing cold mechanics second law is:
η c = 1 - T c 2 T c 1 - - - ( 3 )
In formula (3), Tc2 < Tc1 < To, To is environment temperature, is Kelvin's thermometric scale.
Relative ambient temperature To, the maximum cold efficiency of low-temperature receiver under Tc1, Tc2 is:
&eta; c = 1 - T c 1 T 0 - - - ( 4 )
&eta; c = 1 - T c 2 T 0 - - - ( 5 )
Be assumed to be q 2the refrigerating capacity of circulation, w 0for the net work consumed that circulates, then when sink temperature is Tc1:
w 0 = ( 1 - T c 1 T 0 ) q 2 - - - ( 6 )
Equally, when sink temperature is Tc2:
w 0 = ( 1 - T c 2 T 0 ) q 2 - - - ( 7 )
Be not difficult to find out from formula (4) to (7), the efficiency of cold mechanics is between 0 to 1, inevitable due to irreversibility in real process, and refrigeration cycle efficiency is less than 1; When environment temperature To determines, sink temperature is lower, inputs same merit, and the refrigerating capacity of acquisition is more, thus specifies direction for constructing new kind of refrigeration cycle.
It should be noted that:
(1) cold spontaneously to transmit from low temperature cold source to environment temperature;
(2) cold can not be passed to lower low-temperature receiver from low temperature cold source and do not cause other to change;
(3), when cold is from low temperature cold source transmission to environment, the merit amount exchanged with the external world is w 0, wherein comprise the idle work p that environment is done 0(V 0-V c), p 0for atmospheric pressure, Vo is the volume under environment temperature, and Vc is the volume under sink temperature, and the maximum reversible useful work that can do is:
( W u ) max = W 0 - p 0 ( V 0 - V c ) = ( 1 - Tc To ) Q 0 - p 0 ( V 0 - V c )
(4), when cold is from low temperature cold source transmission to environment, the unavailable energy to environment transmission is:
Idle work to environment transmission is: p 0(V 0-V c)
Corresponding to heat available energy " ", unavailable energy " cinder ", to heat, cold water intaking fire understanding, for the available energy of cold, be named as " cold ripples ", cold is called " cold Jin " to the unavailable energy of environment transmission, and " Jin " pronunciation is " using up ".
(5), when cold energy transmits to environment temperature, the optimum pattern of outwards acting is the thermal generator adopting Seebeck (Seebeck) effect, i.e. cold power generator;
(6) in cold mechanics, energy, also must must meet Conversion of Energy and law of conservation;
(7) by using for reference the design of Finite-Time Thermodynamics, the cold mechanics basic theories of finite time can be developed;
(8) environment can not be departed to evaluate the grade of cold.
As can be seen from above-mentioned theory basis, the cold mechanics supposed has the theoretical frame system with thermodynamics symmetry, meets the basic principle of the aesthetics of science, namely opposes each other and yet also complement each other, symmetry principle.
Based on above-mentioned general principle, the present invention proposes to be different from traditional cold power cycle refrigerating method and device.
The object of the invention is to be realized by following measures:
A kind of cold power circulating refrigerating device, is characterized in that:
From cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, after liquid circulation pump 3 supercharging, through with cold unit 4 cold-producing medium 5 out, after choke valve 6 throttling, enter cold-producing medium basin 1, thus form the cold power closed circuit of refrigeration working medium.
Described refrigeration working medium and cold-producing medium, refer to that boiling point is less than the low boiling refrigeration working medium of the one-component of-10 DEG C in normal conditions, or be less than the Mix refrigerant cycle of low boiling refrigeration working medium of-10 DEG C based on boiling point under standard state.
Be provided with back cooler 7: from cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, after liquid circulation pump 3 supercharging, through returning cooler 7, with cold unit 4, returning cooler 7 cold-producing medium 5 out, after choke valve 6 throttling, enter cold-producing medium basin 1, thus form the cold power closed circuit of refrigeration working medium.
Be provided with choke valve 8, return cooler 9, return cooler 10, return cooler 11, choke valve 12: from cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, through liquid circulation pump 3, cross back cooler 11 after shunt, the road cold-producing medium wherein distributed returns cold-producing medium basin 1 through choke valve 8, time cooler 9, time cooler 10, time cooler 11, choke valve 12, an other road cold-producing medium through returning cooler 10, returning cold-producing medium basin 1 with cold unit 4, time cooler 9, choke valve 6, thus forms the cold power closed circuit of cold-producing medium.
Be provided with choke valve 8, return cooler 9, return cooler 10, return cooler 11, choke valve 12: from cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, through liquid circulation pump 3, cross back cooler 11 after shunt, the road cold-producing medium wherein distributed returns cold-producing medium basin 1 through choke valve 8, time cooler 9, time cooler 10, time cooler 11, choke valve 12, an other road cold-producing medium through returning cooler 10, returning cooler 7, returning cold-producing medium basin 1 with cold unit 4, time cooler 7, time cooler 9, choke valve 6, thus forms the cold power closed circuit of cold-producing medium.
Described includes but not limited to the cool equipment such as air-conditioning, freezer with cold unit 4.
Described returns so-called regenerator, heat exchanger in cooler 7, time cooler 9, time cooler 10, time cooler 11 i.e. general refrigerating cycle, adopt the cold-exchange of shell-and-tube cold-exchange, plate-fin cold-exchange, microchannel cold-exchange or other patterns, the structure of shell-and-tube heat exchanger, plate-fin heat exchanger, micro-channel heat exchanger etc. in its structure and general refrigerating cycle is same or similar.
Described cold-producing medium basin 1 adopts cold insulation measure, as adopted the cold insulation materials such as heat-insulation vacuum container, pearlife.
Unaccounted equipment and back-up system thereof, pipeline, instrument, valve, cold insulation in the present invention, there is regulatory function bypass facility etc. adopt the mature technology in known general refrigerating cycle to carry out supporting.
Device of the present invention is equally applicable to open type cold power refrigeration system: namely through the cold-producing medium of choke valve 6 or choke valve 12 step-down, cooling outward for being used for other cold unit, supplement the cold-producing medium of equal in quality, quantity to cold-producing medium basin, thus form the energy quality equilibrium of cold-producing medium.
Be provided with the safety supporting with refrigerating circulatory device of the present invention, control facility, device energy economy, safety, high thermal efficiency run, reaches energy-saving and cost-reducing, the object of environmental protection.
The present invention compared to existing technology tool has the following advantages:
1, energy-saving effect is remarkable: replace the vapor-compression chiller in general refrigerating cycle, utilize the character close to incompressible fluid of liquid, adopt cryogenic liquid circulating pump to carry out supercharging to substitute, in conjunction with cold mechanics second law, effectively can improve the efficiency of kind of refrigeration cycle, compared with conventional refrigeration device, the fractional energy savings of identical refrigerating capacity can reach more than 30%.
2, without the need to the condenser in conventional vapor-compression kind of refrigeration cycle and supporting cooling water system thereof, flow setting is more succinct, more meets energy-conserving and environment-protective principle.
3, return cooler can seal up for safekeeping in one apparatus, cold loss caused by heat inleak reduces.
4, the kind of refrigeration cycle that the maintenance load of equipment is more traditional has the reduction of high degree, can adopt oil-free lubrication technology easily, and eliminate the rotten of traditional vapor compression machine lubricating oil and the impact on kind of refrigeration cycle, maintenance and operating cost decline more.
5, heat conduction reinforced: more traditional kind of refrigeration cycle technology, strengthening cold transferring component can be adopted more easily, refrigeration plant and refrigerating efficiency compacter, efficient.。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is one of the present invention cold power circulating refrigerating device schematic flow sheet.
In Fig. 1: 1-cold-producing medium basin, 2-liquid refrigerant, 3-liquid circulation pump, the cold unit of 4-, 5-cold-producing medium, 6-choke valve, 7-returns cooler, 8-choke valve, and 9-returns cooler, and 10-returns cooler, and 11-returns cooler, 12-choke valve.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of cold power circulating refrigerating device, cold-producing medium adopts liquid nitrogen, and specific embodiment is as follows:
From cold-producing medium basin 1 liquid refrigerant 2 out, through liquid circulation pump 3, cross back cooler 11 after shunt, the road cold-producing medium wherein distributed returns cold-producing medium basin 1 through choke valve 8, time cooler 9, time cooler 10, time cooler 11, choke valve 12, an other road cold-producing medium through returning cooler 10, returning cooler 7, returning cold-producing medium basin 1 with cold unit 4, time cooler 7, time cooler 9, choke valve 6, thus forms the cold power closed circuit of cold-producing medium.
Described time cooler 7, time cooler 9, time cooler 10, time cooler 11 adopt traditional plate-fin heat exchanger or micro-channel heat exchanger; Described cold-producing medium basin 1 adopts heat-insulation vacuum container, adopts pearlife to be cold insulation material.
Unaccounted equipment and back-up system thereof, pipeline, instrument, valve, cold insulation in the present invention, there is regulatory function bypass facility etc. adopt the mature technology in known general refrigerating cycle to carry out supporting.
Be provided with the safety supporting with refrigerating circulatory device of the present invention, control facility, device energy economy, safety, high thermal efficiency run, reaches energy-saving and cost-reducing, the object of environmental protection.
Although the present invention with preferred embodiment openly as above, they are not for limiting the present invention, being anyly familiar with this those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, from ought making various changes or retouch, belong to the protection domain of the present invention equally.What therefore protection scope of the present invention should define with the claim of the application is as the criterion.

Claims (6)

1. a cold power circulating refrigerating device, is characterized in that:
Described cold power circulation, refer to from cold-producing medium basin (1) liquid refrigerant out (2), after liquid circulation pump (3) supercharging, through with cold unit (4) cold-producing medium out (5), after first throttle valve (6) throttling, enter cold-producing medium basin (1), thus form the cold power closed circuit of refrigeration working medium;
Described cold-producing medium (2) i.e. refrigeration working medium, refers to that boiling point is less than the low boiling refrigeration working medium of the one-component of-10 DEG C in normal conditions, or is less than the Mix refrigerant cycle of low boiling refrigeration working medium of-10 DEG C based on boiling point under standard state.
2. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Be provided with first time cooler (7): from cold-producing medium basin (1) liquid refrigerant out (2), after liquid circulation pump (3) supercharging, through first time cooler (7), with cold unit (4), first time cooler (7) cold-producing medium out (5), after first throttle valve (6) throttling, enter cold-producing medium basin (1), thus form the cold power closed circuit of refrigeration working medium.
3. device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that:
Be provided with second throttle (8), second time cooler (9), 3rd time cooler (10), 4th time cooler (11), 3rd choke valve (12): from cold-producing medium basin (1) liquid refrigerant out (2), through liquid circulation pump (3), shunt after 4th time cooler (11), wherein a road cold-producing medium is through second throttle (8), second time cooler (9), 3rd time cooler (10), 4th time cooler (11), 3rd choke valve (12) returns cold-producing medium basin (1), an other road cold-producing medium is through the 3rd time cooler (10), with cold unit (4), second time cooler (9), first throttle valve (6) returns cold-producing medium basin (1), thus form the cold power closed circuit of cold-producing medium.
4. device according to claim 3, is characterized in that:
From cold-producing medium basin (1) liquid refrigerant out (2), through liquid circulation pump (3), shunt after 4th time cooler (11), wherein a road cold-producing medium is through second throttle (8), second time cooler (9), 3rd time cooler (10), 4th time cooler (11), 3rd choke valve (12) returns cold-producing medium basin (1), an other road cold-producing medium is through the 3rd time cooler (10), first time cooler (7), with cold unit (4), first time cooler (7), second time cooler (9), first throttle valve (6) returns cold-producing medium basin (1), thus form the cold power closed circuit of cold-producing medium.
5. device according to claim 4, is characterized in that:
Described device is equally applicable to open type refrigeration system: namely through the cold-producing medium of first throttle valve (6) or the 3rd choke valve (12) step-down, cooling outward for being used for other cold unit, supplement the cold-producing medium of identical component, quality to cold-producing medium basin (1), thus form the energy quality equilibrium of cold-producing medium.
6. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described device is equally applicable to open type refrigeration system: namely through first throttle valve (6) step-down, cooling cold-producing medium outward for be used for other cold unit, supplement the cold-producing medium of identical component, quality to cold-producing medium basin (1), thus form the energy quality equilibrium of cold-producing medium.
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5046320A (en) * 1990-02-09 1991-09-10 National Refrigeration Products Liquid refrigerant transfer method and system
CN2085936U (en) * 1990-08-30 1991-10-02 孙洪宽 Refrigerator
WO2009122455A1 (en) * 2008-04-04 2009-10-08 Giuseppe Floris Heat exchanger operating at different pressures
CN102522180A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-06-27 中国电子科技集团公司第十六研究所 Liquid nitrogen closed cycle system for SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) probe
CN203224073U (en) * 2013-01-27 2013-10-02 南京瑞柯徕姆环保科技有限公司 Recycling and refrigerating apparatus for cold force

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5046320A (en) * 1990-02-09 1991-09-10 National Refrigeration Products Liquid refrigerant transfer method and system
CN2085936U (en) * 1990-08-30 1991-10-02 孙洪宽 Refrigerator
WO2009122455A1 (en) * 2008-04-04 2009-10-08 Giuseppe Floris Heat exchanger operating at different pressures
CN102522180A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-06-27 中国电子科技集团公司第十六研究所 Liquid nitrogen closed cycle system for SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) probe
CN203224073U (en) * 2013-01-27 2013-10-02 南京瑞柯徕姆环保科技有限公司 Recycling and refrigerating apparatus for cold force

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