CN203272007U - Novel wave power generation buoy - Google Patents

Novel wave power generation buoy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203272007U
CN203272007U CN2013202590536U CN201320259053U CN203272007U CN 203272007 U CN203272007 U CN 203272007U CN 2013202590536 U CN2013202590536 U CN 2013202590536U CN 201320259053 U CN201320259053 U CN 201320259053U CN 203272007 U CN203272007 U CN 203272007U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
buoy
tail pipe
wave
power generation
generator
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2013202590536U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段鹏翔
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段鹏翔
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Priority to CN2013202590536U priority Critical patent/CN203272007U/en
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Publication of CN203272007U publication Critical patent/CN203272007U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel power generation buoy which comprises a buoy body. A tail pipe is arranged at the lower end of the buoy body, the tail pipe is of a sealed hollow structure, and a wave power generation device is arranged inside the tail pipe. The wave power generation device comprises a sliding block, a spring, a generator and a transmission device, wherein one end of the spring is fixedly arranged on the tail pipe, and the other end of the spring is connected with the sliding block. The transmission device comprises a rack fixedly arranged on the sliding block, a ratchet mechanism meshed with the rack and a gear set, wherein the ratchet mechanism is connected with the generator through the gear set. The novel waver power generation buoy is simple in structure, the characteristics of the working environment of the buoy are utilized fully, wave energy is used for automatic power generation, and operation difficulty is low. Further, the wave energy is inexhaustible and in endless supply, the wave power generation device is compact in structure, the operation that the wave energy is converted to power energy is easy to achieve, power generation efficiency is high, cost is low, and the novel power generation buoy is extremely environmentally friendly.

Description

A kind of new-type wave generating buoy
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of buoy, particularly a kind of Novel float that utilizes the wave energy self-generating.
Background technique
Buoy extensive use inland river, lake and ocean, several functions is provided, as aid to navigation buoy, special-purpose navigation buoy, water quality environment, marine environmental monitoring buoy, take buoy as carrier, the functions such as navaid, scientific research, monitoring, monitoring are provided, be badly in need of effectively solving the attached electrical equipment normal operation of buoy carrier electrical energy demands.Usually, buoy mainly depends on artificial periodic replacement storage battery, or adopts photovoltaic generation, but all has larger problem, and as artificial periodic replacement storage battery, workload is large, and cost is high, and operation easier is large; Adopt photovoltaic generation generally to be limited by the buoy structure restriction, the solar cell plate efficiency is low, and area is large, and climate affects the defectives such as large.
Summary of the invention
Based on this, the utility model is to overcome the defective of prior art, and a kind of Novel float that utilizes the wave energy self-generating is provided.
Its technological scheme is as follows:
A kind of new-type wave generating buoy, comprise buoyancy aid, described buoyancy aid lower end is provided with tail pipe, described tail pipe is the hollow structure of sealing, described tail pipe inside is provided with wave-type electric generator, described wave-type electric generator comprises slide block, spring, generator, transmission device, described spring one end is fixed on tail pipe, the other end is connected with described slide block, described transmission device comprise the tooth bar that is fixed on slide block, with ratchet mechanism, the gear train of tooth bar engagement, described ratchet mechanism is connected with generator by gear train.Described ratchet mechanism can be realized single direction rotation, when slide block moves downward, is fixed on the positive hour hands rotation of rack drives ratchet mechanism on slide block, ratchet mechanism drives generator and rotates, and realizes the purpose of generating, when slide block moves upward, ratchet mechanism skids, and avoids generator to burn out.
Preferably, described slide block both sides are provided with the slide rail that vertically is fixed in tail pipe, and described slide block is slidably mounted on slide rail, and slide block is moved reciprocatingly along slide rail.
Preferably, described buoyancy aid inside is provided with instrument room, is provided with storage battery in described instrument room, and described storage battery and generator are electrically connected, and the generator electricity can be stored in storage battery, guarantees that on buoy, every power equipment can work.
Preferably, described buoyancy aid upper end is provided with support, and described support is provided with navigation mark light, and described navigation mark light electrically is connected with storage battery, utilizes the wave energy electricity, for navigation mark light provides power supply, plays the effect of navigation.
Preferably, described tail pipe lower end is provided with the ballast pouring weight, and described ballast pouring weight lower end is provided with single anchor chain setting fastening, reduces the buoy center of gravity, increases the stability of buoy, improves simultaneously the efficient of generating.
Preferably, described buoyancy aid and tail pipe outer surface are with the anti-adhesion polyester film of one deck, can prevent effectively that marine algae, microorganism etc. are attached on buoy, improve the erosion-resisting performance of buoy, and described polyester film has good elasticity, with the whole parcel of described buoy, make buoy have good watertight effect, and improved the anticollision performance of buoy.
The below describes advantage or the principle of aforementioned techniques scheme:
New-type wave generating buoy disclosed in the utility model, take full advantage of wave characteristics and damping control technique, and in conjunction with the intelligent charge control technique of storage battery, buoyancy aid is along with sea sloshing, slide block is correspondingly done under the effect of spring force and is pumped, by transmission device, kinetic energy is passed to generator, generator operation converts kinetic energy to electric energy.
New-type wave generating buoy structure disclosed in the utility model is simple; take full advantage of the environment characteristics of buoy; utilize the wave energy self-generating, operation easier is little, and wave is low energy densities; inexhaustible; the wave-type electric generator compact structure is easy to realize converting wave energy to electric energy, and generating efficiency is high; cost is low, and very environmental protection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of buoy described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is tail pipe internal structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is wave-type electric generator partial structurtes schematic diagram;
Description of reference numerals:
1, buoyancy aid, 2, tail pipe, 3, the ballast pouring weight, 4, single anchor chain setting fastening, 5, support, 6, navigation mark light, 7, slide block, 8, spring, 9, slide rail, 10, ratchet mechanism, 11, generator, 12, gear train, 13, tooth bar.
Embodiment
The below is elaborated to embodiment of the present utility model:
Embodiment one
as Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, a kind of new-type wave generating buoy, comprise buoyancy aid 1, described buoyancy aid lower end is provided with tail pipe 2, described tail pipe is the hollow structure of sealing, described tail pipe inside is provided with wave-type electric generator, described wave-type electric generator comprises slide block 7, spring 8, generator 11, transmission device, described spring 8 one ends are fixed on tail pipe 2, the other end is connected with described slide block 7, described slide block 7 both sides are provided with the slide rail 9 that vertically is fixed in tail pipe, described slide block 7 is slidably mounted on slide rail 9, slide block 7 is moved reciprocatingly along slide rail 9, described transmission device comprises the tooth bar 13 that is fixed on slide block 7, ratchet mechanism 10 with tooth bar 13 engagements, gear train 12, described ratchet mechanism 10 is connected with generator 11 by gear train 12, described ratchet mechanism 10 can be realized single direction rotation, when slide block 7 moves downward, the tooth bar 13 that is fixed on slide block drives the positive hour hands rotation of ratchet mechanism 10, 10 drive generators of ratchet mechanism 11 rotate, realize the purpose of generating, when slide block 7 moves upward, 10 of ratchet mechanisms skid, avoid generator 11 to be burned.
Described buoyancy aid inside is provided with instrument room, is provided with storage battery in described instrument room, and described storage battery and generator 11 are electrically connected, and generator 11 electricity can be stored in storage battery, guarantee that on buoy, every power equipment can work.
Described buoyancy aid upper end is provided with support 5, and described support 5 is provided with navigation mark light 6, and described navigation mark light 6 electrically is connected with storage battery, utilizes the wave energy electricity, for navigation mark light provides power supply, plays the effect of navigation.
Other signaling lamps, monitoring instrument equipment, video monitoring instrument equipment, Wireless Telecom Equipment etc. can also be set on described support, described signaling lamp, monitoring instrument equipment, video monitoring instrument equipment, Wireless Telecom Equipment all electrically are connected with storage battery, utilize the wave energy electricity, the power consumption instrument and equipment that carries for buoy provides power supply, plays the effect of continuous uninterruptable power supply (UPS).
Described tail pipe lower end is provided with ballast pouring weight 3, and described ballast pouring weight lower end is provided with single anchor chain setting fastening 4, is used for connecting anchor chain, reduces the buoy center of gravity, increases the stability of buoy, improves simultaneously the efficient of generating.
Described buoyancy aid and tail pipe outer surface are with the anti-adhesion polyester film of one deck, add anti-adhesion thing medicament in polyester film, can prevent effectively that marine algae, microorganism etc. are attached on buoy, improve the erosion-resisting performance of buoy, and described polyester film has good elasticity, with the whole parcel of described buoy, make buoy have good watertight effect, and improved the anticollision performance of buoy, can add phosphor in polyester film in addition, helped to navigate by water ships and light boats identification buoy at night sign.
The disclosed new-type wave generating of the present embodiment buoy structure is simple; take full advantage of the environment characteristics of buoy; utilize the wave energy self-generating; buoyancy aid is along with sea sloshing; slide block is correspondingly done under the effect of spring force and is pumped; by transmission device, kinetic energy is passed to generator; generator operation converts kinetic energy to electric energy; operation easier is little, and wave energy is inexhaustible, the wave-type electric generator compact structure; be easy to realize converting wave energy to electric energy; generating efficiency is high, and cost is low, and very environmental protection.
The above embodiment has only expressed embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but can not therefore be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model the scope of the claims.Should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. new-type wave generating buoy, comprise buoyancy aid, it is characterized in that, described buoyancy aid lower end is provided with tail pipe, described tail pipe is the hollow structure of sealing, described tail pipe inside is provided with wave-type electric generator, described wave-type electric generator comprises slide block, spring, generator, transmission device, described spring one end is fixed on tail pipe, the other end is connected with described slide block, described transmission device comprise the tooth bar that is fixed on slide block, with ratchet mechanism, the gear train of tooth bar engagement, described ratchet mechanism is connected with generator by gear train.
2. new-type wave according to claim 1 generating buoy, is characterized in that, described slide block both sides are provided with the slide rail that vertically is fixed in tail pipe, and described slide block is slidably mounted on slide rail.
3. new-type wave according to claim 2 generating buoy, is characterized in that, described buoyancy aid inside is provided with instrument room, is provided with storage battery in described instrument room, described storage battery and generator electric connection.
4. new-type wave according to claim 3 generating buoy, is characterized in that, described buoyancy aid upper end is provided with support, and described support is provided with navigation mark light, and described navigation mark light electrically is connected with storage battery.
5. new-type wave according to claim 4 generating buoy, is characterized in that, described tail pipe lower end is provided with the ballast pouring weight, and described ballast pouring weight lower end is provided with single anchor chain setting fastening.
6. the described new-type wave generating of according to claim 1 to 5 any one buoy, is characterized in that, described buoyancy aid outer surface is with the anti-adhesion polyester film of one deck.
CN2013202590536U 2013-05-13 2013-05-13 Novel wave power generation buoy Expired - Fee Related CN203272007U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013202590536U CN203272007U (en) 2013-05-13 2013-05-13 Novel wave power generation buoy

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CN203272007U true CN203272007U (en) 2013-11-06

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103600814A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-26 江苏科技大学 Framed full-autonomous marine environment monitoring buoy
CN103899472A (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-07-02 华南理工大学 Floating type miniature wave power generation device and method
CN105827919A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-03 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Water floating camera based on wave generation device
CN105847649A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 苏州铭冠软件科技有限公司 Wireless monitoring camera for island based on wave power generation
CN105908688A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-31 上海理工大学 Steady buoy working platform
CN106401851A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-02-15 浙江海洋大学 Offshore power generation device and method
CN108180100A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-06-19 三峡大学 Utilize navigate small-sized electric generating apparatus and the method for water surface floating
CN109850073A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-06-07 武汉欣海远航科技研发有限公司 A kind of buoy night visualization systems and method

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103600814A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-26 江苏科技大学 Framed full-autonomous marine environment monitoring buoy
CN103600814B (en) * 2013-11-08 2016-01-13 江苏科技大学 The complete autonomous marine environmental monitoring buoy of a kind of frame-type
CN103899472A (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-07-02 华南理工大学 Floating type miniature wave power generation device and method
CN103899472B (en) * 2014-03-24 2016-05-04 华南理工大学 A kind of miniature Wave power generation device of floatation type and method
CN105908688A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-31 上海理工大学 Steady buoy working platform
CN105908688B (en) * 2016-04-12 2018-01-26 上海理工大学 Stable buoy workbench
CN105827919A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-03 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Water floating camera based on wave generation device
CN105847649A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 苏州铭冠软件科技有限公司 Wireless monitoring camera for island based on wave power generation
CN106401851A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-02-15 浙江海洋大学 Offshore power generation device and method
CN108180100A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-06-19 三峡大学 Utilize navigate small-sized electric generating apparatus and the method for water surface floating
CN108180100B (en) * 2017-12-07 2020-05-26 三峡大学 Small-sized power generation device and method for sailing ship floating on water surface
CN109850073A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-06-07 武汉欣海远航科技研发有限公司 A kind of buoy night visualization systems and method

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131106

Termination date: 20140513