CN203174295U - Intelligent temperature-regulation comfortable knit fabric - Google Patents

Intelligent temperature-regulation comfortable knit fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203174295U
CN203174295U CN 201320159870 CN201320159870U CN203174295U CN 203174295 U CN203174295 U CN 203174295U CN 201320159870 CN201320159870 CN 201320159870 CN 201320159870 U CN201320159870 U CN 201320159870U CN 203174295 U CN203174295 U CN 203174295U
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China
Prior art keywords
viscose
fine denier
yarn
phase
change
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CN 201320159870
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Chinese (zh)
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张世安
王显其
关燕
钟世娟
位国栋
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QINGDAO XUEDA GROUP CO Ltd
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QINGDAO XUEDA GROUP CO Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an intelligent temperature-regulation comfortable knit fabric. The intelligent temperature-regulation comfortable knit fabric is characterized by being knitted by combining jacquard weave threading with a complex construction of changed ribs and changed plain stitches, a changed rib construction is alternately knitted by adopting phase-change viscose/fine denier viscose/fine denier double-resisting acrylic blended yarn, and a changed plain stitch construction is knitted by adopting fine denier viscose yarn and spandex silk. Floating-point stripes of phase-change viscose blended yarn in a jacquard weave construction at the front surface of the fabric are in dislocation symmetric complementation, the number of floating points of the phase-change viscose blended yarn at the back surface of the fabric is more than that of fine denier viscose yarn, and the floating points of the phase-change viscose blended yarn and the floating points of the fine denier viscose blended yarn are in uniform arrangement in a changed plain stitch way. According to the intelligent temperature-regulation comfortable knit fabric provided by the utility model, the effects of enhancing the effect and regulating the temperature, being fine and smooth and fitting skin, and being appropriately soft and warm and are reached; and through the selection of raw materials and a reasonable construction structure, heat accumulating and heat releasing effects of phase-change fiber are brought into full play, the knit fabric has the balanced effect enhancing function of comfortable temperature regulation, and the heat accumulating and heat releasing functions of the knit fabric under the room temperature or in a change range of human body temperature comfort are obviously increased.

Description

A kind of intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness knit goods
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the textile product technical field, relates to the improvement of knit goods, is a kind of intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness knit goods specifically.
Background technology
Phase-change energy-storage fibre American Space General Administration the earliest is that Lunar Probe Project is researched and developed; be applied to aspects such as astronaut's clothes and the accurate laboratory apparatus of protection space at first; the appearance of this textiles defends the passive type of people's quasi-tradition warming mode to turn to heating method of temperature control on one's own initiative first; the situation demand that has adapted to current energy crisis has been most important comfortable textile product in two more than ten years since waterproof moisture permeating fabric.
And in the phase-change energy-storage fibre of different carriers, be suitable for making knitted anderwear fabric next to the skin most with the phase-change accumulation energy viscose glue especially.The phase-change accumulation energy viscose can be controlled the micro climate temperature of product, is suitable for the heat requirement of all day comfort, has the flexibility of cotton or silk, contacts comfortablely with skin, and good thermoregulatory effect is arranged; Have high-hygroscopicity and antistatic behaviour; Easy dyeing has good bright-colored degree, drapability; The thin dawn, two anti-acrylic fibers had the intensity height, and gloss is soft, and bulkiness, colour rendering are good, and feel is soft, and advantages such as high resilience have ANTIPILLING, insulation, suction, waterproof, antifouling, antistatics etc. are functional, its fabric has the natural feel of real silk, frivolous softness, plurality of advantages such as the gas permeability draping property is good.
At present, more about the research of heating, functional fabric such as warming and yarn both at home and abroad, but many research all just adopts the phase-change accumulation energy viscose to carry out blending with other ordinary chemical fibers, cotton etc. respectively.Therefore how to utilize phase-change accumulation energy viscose and other fibers reasonably combined, adopt new reasonable fabric tissue, study and improve ripe weaving process, different fibers are had complementary advantages, reach intelligent thermoregulating and frivolous comfortable combination, satisfy appropriateness from the demand of taking of temperature adjustment synergy.This is the technical problem that needs to be resolved hurrily at present.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is for after solving phase-change accumulation energy viscose and other chemical fibre blended unions, its temperature adjustment function is unconspicuous technical problem often, and provide a kind of intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness knit goods and weaving method thereof, by selection, collocation and institutional framework and the weaving process route reasonable in design of raw material, knit goods is obviously improved from temperature adjustment function in room temperature or accumulation of heat in the excursion of body temperature comfortableness, heat release.Its process route is simple, reasonable.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness knit goods, it is characterized in that: described knit goods is that jacquard weave is entried in conjunction with changing rib-loop and the complex tissue that changes flat pin, change rib stitch and adopt phase transformation viscose glue/fine denier viscose/alternately braiding of two anti-Nitrilon cospinning yarns of thin dawn, change plain stitch and adopt spun rayon and the braiding of spandex silk; The floating-point striped of the phase transformation viscose blended yarn in the fabric face figured texture weave is the dislocation symmetrical complement, and fabric backing phase transformation viscose blended yarn floating-point is more than fine denier viscose yarn floating-point, and is evenly in the mode that changes flat pin with fine denier viscose yarn floating-point and arranges.Can reach the synergy temperature adjustment, the fine and smooth skin that pastes, gentle warm suitable effect.
To improvement of the technical scheme: described blended yarn is that phase transformation viscose glue/fine denier viscose/two described spun rayons of anti-acrylic fibers 30/30/4014.8tex blended yarn of thin dawn are 14.8tex fine denier viscose yarn, and described spandex silk is 40D spandex silk.
To further improvement in the technical proposal: described phase transformation viscose glue is the phase-change accumulation energy viscose that contains microcapsules.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages and good effect: by selection and the rational institutional framework of raw material, adopt phase-change accumulation energy viscose, fine denier viscose, the two organic collocation blending of anti-acrylic fibers of thin dawn, interweave with fine denier viscose yarn, spandex silk again, make knit goods in room temperature or in the excursion of body temperature comfortableness, accumulation of heat, heat release obviously improve from temperature adjustment function, meet the need of market.
1, the utility model is with a kind of phase-change accumulation energy viscose that contains microcapsules and fine denier viscose, the two organic collocation blending of anti-acrylic fibers of thin dawn, have good characteristics such as softness, light weight, warming, damping, ANTIPILLING with the interweave fabric made of fine denier viscose, spandex silk again, and obvious from thermoregulation effect, remarkable in economical benefits.
2, the preferred phase-change accumulation energy viscose of the utility model knitted fabric and fine denier viscose, two anti-Nitrilon cospinning yarns of thin dawn interweave with the fine denier viscose yarn with sucting wet air permeability, good air permeability, add the spandex silk simultaneously and increase fabric elasticity, adopted rational process route, the product that processes, brought into play the mutual supplement with each other's advantages of multiple fiber, temperature adjusting performance is more superior than common knitwear, is a kind of knit fabric of high performance-price ratio.
3, entry with jacquard weave and weave with the complex tissue that changes flat pin in conjunction with changing rib-loop, change rib stitch and adopt phase transformation viscose glue/fine denier viscose/alternately braiding of two anti-Nitrilon cospinning yarns of thin dawn, changing plain stitch adopts spun rayon and spandex silk to weave at dials, the yarn floating-point striped of fabric face figured texture weave is the dislocation symmetrical complement, balanced temperature adjustment, fabric backing phase transformation viscose blended yarn floating-point is more than fine denier viscose yarn floating-point, and be evenly in the mode that changes flat pin with fine denier viscose yarn floating-point and arrange, reach the synergy temperature adjustment, the fine and smooth skin that pastes, gentle warm suitable effect.Under the prerequisite that two anti-acrylic fibers of thin dawn, the soft close skin sense of fine denier viscose are given prominence to, fabric has elastomeric property, gives full play to accumulation of heat, the heat release effect of phase change fiber, plays the balanced synergistic effect of comfortableization temperature adjustment.
4, programming rate is fast at short notice for intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness knit goods of the present utility model, and the intensification value meets the standard-required of FZ/T73036-2010 " moisture absorption heating knitted underwear ", has satisfied people's demand.
The every its functional attributes of the utility model knit goods has all surpassed existing product level, therefore, the utility model knit goods has been filled up the market vacancy, widened the range of application of tencel, the textiles feature of environmental protection, comfortableness, intelligent thermoregulating have been given, gather multi-function in integral whole, improved the added value of textiles, meet current society to textiles comfortableness, functional requirement.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness of the utility model knit goods front jacquard design (annotating :+expression phase transformation viscose blended yarn floating-point, * expression fine denier viscose yarn floating-point);
Fig. 2 is a kind of intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness of the utility model knit goods reverse side jacquard design (annotating :+expression phase transformation viscose blended yarn floating-point, * expression fine denier viscose yarn floating-point);
The cam chart of Fig. 3 for adopting in the weaving process of the utility model intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness knit goods;
The knitting needle Pareto diagram of Fig. 4 for adopting in the weaving process of the utility model intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness knit goods.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described in further detail.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the embodiment of a kind of intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness of the utility model knit goods, described knit goods is that jacquard weave is entried in conjunction with changing rib-loop and the complex tissue that changes flat pin, change rib stitch and adopt phase transformation viscose glue/fine denier viscose/alternately braiding of two anti-Nitrilon cospinning yarns of thin dawn, change plain stitch and adopt spun rayon and the braiding of spandex silk; The floating-point striped of the phase transformation viscose blended yarn in the fabric face figured texture weave is the dislocation symmetrical complement, balanced temperature adjustment, fabric backing phase transformation viscose blended yarn floating-point is more than fine denier viscose yarn floating-point, and is evenly in the mode that changes flat pin with fine denier viscose yarn floating-point and arranges.Fabric backing phase transformation viscose blended yarn floating-point generally is about the twice of fine denier viscose yarn floating-point.
The preferred specification of raw material is in above-described embodiment: blended yarn is phase transformation viscose glue/fine denier viscose/two anti-acrylic fibers 30/30/4014.8tex blended yarns of thin dawn, the phase transformation viscose glue is that (weight percent content that can select microcapsules is 21% to the phase-change accumulation energy viscose that contains microcapsules, microcapsules are the phase-change material of 0.7 micron of average grain diameter), spun rayon is 14.8tex fine denier viscose yarn, and the spandex silk is 40D spandex silk.Namely under the prerequisite that fine denier viscose, the soft close skin sense of two anti-acrylic fibers of thin dawn are given prominence to, fabric has elastomeric property, gives full play to accumulation of heat, the heat release effect of phase change fiber, plays the balanced synergistic effect of comfortableization temperature adjustment.
The above-mentioned intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness of the utility model knit goods can adopt following weaving process:
(1), equipment choosing
The two-sided floral disc jacquard knitting machine of type F-Y gear type
Plane No. 20 pins/25.4mm
Barrel dliameter 864mm (34 inches)
Several 2088 * 2 pieces of pin
Way 72F (using way 72F)
(2), weaving process
1. knitting needle is arranged:
Upper and lower faller gill is listed as according to the rib-loop contraposition and arranges.
2. needle selection principle:
Dials carries out needle selection by triangle, and the knitting needle on the syringe carries out needle selection by the steel rice of installing on the floral disc, carries out loop selection.
3. spend the type plan of weave to see Fig. 1, Fig. 2 for example.
(1) cam chart is seen Fig. 3.
(2) entry mode and inlet wire length sees Table 1, and the knitting needle Pareto diagram is seen Fig. 4.
Table 1
4. technological parameter
According to raw material proportioning, yarn linear density and fabric specification and purposes, in following scope, carry out preferred and an amount of the adjustment:
(1), yarn tension 5.0-6.9cN(common yarn 4-5.5cN); If flower type complexity is got about 6.05cN to best.
(2), blank grammes per square metre: 180g/m2
(3) horizontal close 33 row/25.4mm, vertical close 31 lines/25.4mm
(4) machine fabric width under: (85cm * 2) ± 5cm.
(3) braiding main points
(1) floral disc steel rice is installed clockwise, is carried out lopping rice arrangement just in strict accordance with flower type plan of weave, distinguish the order of pattern wheel, identify one by one, in case the wrong flower of charge level.
(2) synchronized timing is adopted in debugging, can carry out the grey cloth of the non-rule ordering braiding of knitting needle lopping up and down.
(3) half passive types are given yarn.Because flower type braiding floral disc steel rice needle selection is irregular, the defeated yarn dish of adjustment, Thread-feeding device twine the number of turns.Solution goes out pin because pattern wheel is irregular, the charge level lateral road that every road yarn-using amount difference causes.Adjust the position of spandex guide wheel, avoid occurring problems such as broken hole, crosspiece.
(4) 2-3N on the tension adjustment.
(5) yarn and spandex advance yarn simultaneously, prevent from expecting the cloth lateral road.
The viscose blended fabric of the utility model phase-change accumulation energy and common viscose blended fabric have been carried out functional test by FZ/T73036-2010 " moisture absorption heating knitted underwear " standard, and the viscose blended fabric of phase-change accumulation energy and common viscose blended fabric moisture absorption heating effect relatively see Table 2:
Table 2 moisture absorption heating effect relatively
As shown in Table 2, in the excursion of body temperature comfortableness, programming rate is fast at short notice for the viscose blended fabric of phase-change accumulation energy, intensification value at last meets the standard-required of FZ/T73036-2010 " moisture absorption heating knitted underwear ", and the highest intensification value of the viscose blended knit goods moisture absorption heating of the utility model phase-change accumulation energy improves 60% than common viscose blended fabric; On average intensification value of 30min improves 50% than common viscose blended fabric, has satisfied people's the demand of taking.
The production method of phase-change accumulation energy viscose mainly contains composite spinning method, doughnut completion method, microencapsulation coating method.What the utility model adopted is the phase-change accumulation energy viscose that has added phase-change material micro-capsule (0.7 micron of microcapsules average grain diameter) in spinning solution, utilize this phase change fiber and fine denier viscose, two anti-acrylic fibers blending resultant yarns of thin dawn, again with the fine denier viscose yarn, the spandex silk interweaves, this product not only has two anti-acrylic fibers of thin dawn, the ANTIPILLING of fine denier viscose, insulation, suction, antistatic, advantages such as soft close skin, also brought into play the intelligent thermoregulating function of phase-change accumulation energy viscose, organic collocation braiding of two kinds of fibers, make knit goods in room temperature or accumulation of heat in the excursion of body temperature comfortableness, the regulatory function of heat release obviously improves, and has satisfied the demand of human body appropriateness from temperature adjustment synergy.
The above, it only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not to be the restriction of the utility model being made other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.But every technical solutions of the utility model content that do not break away to any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling that above embodiment does, still belongs to the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model according to technical spirit of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. intelligent thermoregulating comfortableness knit goods, it is characterized in that: described knit goods is that jacquard weave is entried in conjunction with changing rib-loop and the complex tissue that changes flat pin, change rib stitch and adopt phase transformation viscose glue/fine denier viscose/alternately braiding of two anti-Nitrilon cospinning yarns of thin dawn, change plain stitch and adopt spun rayon and the braiding of spandex silk; The floating-point striped of the phase transformation viscose blended yarn in the fabric face figured texture weave is the dislocation symmetrical complement, and fabric backing phase transformation viscose blended yarn floating-point is more than fine denier viscose yarn floating-point, and is evenly in the mode that changes flat pin with fine denier viscose yarn floating-point and arranges.
2. according to the described intelligent thermoregulating functional knitting fabric of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described blended yarn is that phase transformation viscose glue/fine denier viscose/two described spun rayons of anti-acrylic fibers 30/30/40 14.8tex blended yarn of thin dawn are 14.8tex fine denier viscose yarn, and described spandex silk is 40D spandex silk.
3. according to the described intelligent thermoregulating functional knitting fabric of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described phase transformation viscose glue is the phase-change accumulation energy viscose that contains microcapsules.
CN 201320159870 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Intelligent temperature-regulation comfortable knit fabric Active CN203174295U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103161015A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-06-19 青岛雪达集团有限公司 Intelligent temperature-adjustment comfortable knitting fabric and weaving method thereof
CN108588990A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-09-28 江南大学 The two-way jacquard weave functional fabric of weft knitting and its application that a kind of graphene fiber makes

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103161015A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-06-19 青岛雪达集团有限公司 Intelligent temperature-adjustment comfortable knitting fabric and weaving method thereof
CN108588990A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-09-28 江南大学 The two-way jacquard weave functional fabric of weft knitting and its application that a kind of graphene fiber makes

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