CN203134231U - Comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics - Google Patents

Comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203134231U
CN203134231U CN 201320120817 CN201320120817U CN203134231U CN 203134231 U CN203134231 U CN 203134231U CN 201320120817 CN201320120817 CN 201320120817 CN 201320120817 U CN201320120817 U CN 201320120817U CN 203134231 U CN203134231 U CN 203134231U
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China
Prior art keywords
demonstration instrument
vertical rod
casing
geometrical optics
comprehensive demonstration
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320120817
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王洪华
徐宗华
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN 201320120817 priority Critical patent/CN203134231U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics. The comprehensive demonstration instrument comprises: a, a casing of an optical path display case (10), wherein slideways (7) and a top cover (8) are arranged on the front plate and the rear plate of the casing; b, a bottom disc (1) of a laser source, wherein a vertical rod (4) is arranged on the bottom disc, an adjusting stand (3) that can move up and down along the vertical rod is arranged on the vertical rod, a laser source fixing stand (5) is disposed on the adjusting stand (3), a laser pen (6) is fixed on one end of the fixing stand, and a laser box (2) is fixed on the other end of the fixing stand; and c, a component group including a lens support (11), a convex and concave mirror (12), a flat mirror (13), an angle plate (14), a concave mirror (15), a convex mirror (16), a convex lens (17) and a prism (18). Through the above technical scheme, the comprehensive demonstration instrument can demonstrate differently based on different teaching contents, and has the advantages of a clear and bright optical path, high stereo perception for comprehensive observation, convenient operation or the like.

Description

The geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument
Technical field:
The utility model relates to experiment device for teaching, particularly the geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument of middle school physical optics part.
Background technology:
In the teaching of middle school physical optics, carry out optical demonstration experiment, the student is grasped the optics rule, understand the light path of optics and perform index path particularly important.Some light source of existing Experiments of Optics adopts incandescent lamp to pool directional light or resolve into the red, green, blue three-beam through prism again, the shortcoming of these light sources is that the brightness of incandescent lamp is low, the refractive index difference of three coloured light, lens converge and disperse inconsistent inconvenience explanation focus they; The employing light source that also has is fixed on the show case and casing has only the front side transparent, the lens height during demonstration in the regulating box, and operation is extremely inconvenient, can not omnibearingly observe demonstration weak effect, no stereoscopic sensation.
The utility model content:
The purpose of this utility model is exactly in order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, it is clear, bright to design a kind of light path, easy to operate, the observation optical path presentation process of energy omnibearing stereo, make the student can comprehend reflection, refraction law and male and female face mirror, lens deeply to the effect of light, understand the geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument of geometrical optics experiments such as liquid refractive index.
To achieve these goals, the utility model has adopted following technical scheme:
The geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument is characterized in that it comprises:
A, light path show case adopt the bright material of full impregnated, include casing, and the upper end of casing front and rear panel is provided with slideway, is provided with the loam cake that can twitch in the slideway, on cover and be provided with handgrip;
B, lasing light emitter include the chassis, and the chassis is provided with vertical rod, and vertical rod is provided with the adjustment seat that can move up and down along vertical rod, and adjustment seat is provided with the lasing light emitter holder, and holder one end fixedly has laser pen, and the other end fixedly has the laser box that can send five bundle parallel light paths;
C, element group include lens carrier, male and female face mirror, level crossing, angle board, concave mirror, convex mirror, convex lens and prism.
Owing to adopted technique scheme, make the utility model to carry out different demonstrations according to the different content in the teaching, have clear bright, the advantage such as comprehensive observation stereoscopic sensation is strong, easy to operate of demonstration light path.
For more detailed explanation the utility model, following accompanying drawing provides a most preferred embodiment.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is stereographic map of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the demonstration graph that converges of concave mirror;
Fig. 3 is the demonstration graph of dispersing of convex mirror;
Fig. 4 is real focus and the primary optical axis demonstration graph of convex lens;
Fig. 5 is the total reflection demonstration graph of prism;
Fig. 6 is the diffuse reflection demonstration graph of male and female face mirror;
Fig. 7 is the refraction demonstration graph of level crossing;
Fig. 8 is the refraction demonstration graph of light.
Embodiment:
One, as Fig. 1, a kind of geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument that the utility model provides mainly comprises following components:
A, light path show case include the casing (10) that the bright material of full impregnated is made, and the front and rear panel upper end of casing (10) is provided with slideway (7), is provided with the loam cake that can twitch (8) of transparent material in the slideway, and loam cake (8) is provided with handgrip (9);
B, lasing light emitter include chassis (1), the chassis is provided with vertical rod (4), vertical rod is provided with the adjustment seat (3) that can move up and down along vertical rod, adjustment seat (3) is provided with lasing light emitter holder (5), lasing light emitter holder one end fixedly has laser pen (6), the other end fixedly has laser box (2), and lasing light emitter holder (5) can rotate to regulate the incident angle of light beam in adjustment seat (3);
C, element group include lens carrier (11), male and female face mirror (12), level crossing (13), angle board (14), concave mirror (15), convex mirror (16), convex lens (17) and prism (18).
Owing to adopted technique scheme, make the utility model to carry out different demonstrations according to the different content in the teaching, have clear bright, the advantage such as comprehensive observation stereoscopic sensation is strong, easy to operate of demonstration light path.
Adopt the geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument of such scheme can carry out following demonstration:
1, lens carrier (11) is put into casing (10), lens carrier (11) is gone up and is placed concave mirror (15), in casing (10), spray into smog, pulling handgrip (9) is closed loam cake (8), adjustment seat (3) in the vertical rod (4) is adjusted to suitable height, rotates parallel beam level that lasing light emitter holder (5) on the adjustment seat makes laser box (2) can be observed as shown in Figure 2 concave mirror to positive lens the light path that converges; Concave mirror is replaced into convex mirror (16), convex lens (17), prism (18) respectively, namely can be observed the total reflection light path of the real focus of dispersing light path, convex lens shown in Figure 4 of as shown in Figure 3 convex mirror and primary optical axis light path, prism shown in Figure 5.
2, male and female face mirror (12) is put into casing (10), in casing (10), spray into smog, pulling handgrip (9) is closed loam cake (8), adjustment seat (3) in the vertical rod (4) is adjusted to suitable height, the lasing light emitter holder (5) that rotates on the adjustment seat makes the parallel beam of laser box (2) shine on the male and female face mirror (12) with certain angle, can observe the diffuse reflection light path that parallel beam as shown in Figure 6 is mapped to male and female face mirror glazing clearly by light path.
3, level crossing (13) and angle board (14) are put into casing (10), in casing (10), spray into smog, pulling handgrip (9) is closed loam cake (8), adjustment seat (3) in the vertical rod (4) is adjusted to suitable height, the lasing light emitter holder (5) that rotates on the adjustment seat makes the light beam of laser pen (6) shine on the level crossing (13) with certain angle, namely can be observed light beam as shown in Figure 7 and be mapped to incident and reflected light path on the level crossing, can draw incident angle and reflection angle by angle board (14), the exploratory reflex law.
4, with the interior water that injects the suds of certain altitude or contain other suspended particulates of casing (10), put into angle board (14), in casing (10), spray into smog, pulling handgrip (9) is closed loam cake (8), adjustment seat (3) in the vertical rod (4) is adjusted to suitable height, the lasing light emitter holder (5) that rotates on the adjustment seat makes the light beam of laser pen (6) with certain angle directive water surface, reflection and refraction take place simultaneously at the water surface, can clearly observe reflection, refraction and input path, can draw incident angle by angle board (14), refraction angle and reflection angle are probed into refraction law.

Claims (4)

1. geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument, it comprises: light path show case, lasing light emitter, element group is characterized in that:
A, light path show case include casing (10), and the front and rear panel upper end of casing (10) is provided with slideway (7), is provided with the loam cake (8) that can twitch in the slideway, and loam cake (8) is provided with handgrip (9);
B, lasing light emitter include chassis (1), the chassis is provided with vertical rod (4), and vertical rod is provided with the adjustment seat (3) that can move up and down along vertical rod, and adjustment seat (3) is provided with lasing light emitter holder (5), holder one end fixedly has laser pen (6), and the other end fixedly has laser box (2);
C, element group include lens carrier (11), male and female face mirror (12), level crossing (13), angle board (14), concave mirror (15), convex mirror (16), convex lens (17) and prism (18).
2. geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: laser box (2) can send five tunnel sources of parallel light.
3. geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument according to claim 1 is characterized in that: lasing light emitter holder (5) can rotate to regulate the incident angle of light beam in adjustment seat (3).
4. geometrical optics comprehensive demonstration instrument according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: casing (10) and loam cake (8) all adopt the bright material of full impregnated to make.
CN 201320120817 2013-03-18 2013-03-18 Comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics Expired - Fee Related CN203134231U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320120817 CN203134231U (en) 2013-03-18 2013-03-18 Comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320120817 CN203134231U (en) 2013-03-18 2013-03-18 Comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics

Publications (1)

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CN203134231U true CN203134231U (en) 2013-08-14

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CN 201320120817 Expired - Fee Related CN203134231U (en) 2013-03-18 2013-03-18 Comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103150955A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-06-12 孟钧 Geometric-optical comprehensive demonstration instrument
CN104021713A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-09-03 温州市龙湾区永强中学 Space three-dimensional demonstration instrument for interference, diffraction, reflection and refraction phenomenon of light
CN105679162A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-15 李倬 Multifunctional light path display device
CN106504627A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-03-15 马成耀 Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103150955A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-06-12 孟钧 Geometric-optical comprehensive demonstration instrument
CN104021713A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-09-03 温州市龙湾区永强中学 Space three-dimensional demonstration instrument for interference, diffraction, reflection and refraction phenomenon of light
CN105679162A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-15 李倬 Multifunctional light path display device
CN106504627A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-03-15 马成耀 Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130814

Termination date: 20150318

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model