CN106504627A - Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating - Google Patents

Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106504627A
CN106504627A CN201710015387.1A CN201710015387A CN106504627A CN 106504627 A CN106504627 A CN 106504627A CN 201710015387 A CN201710015387 A CN 201710015387A CN 106504627 A CN106504627 A CN 106504627A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
base
plate
slide rail
light
box body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710015387.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马成耀
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Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201710015387.1A priority Critical patent/CN106504627A/en
Publication of CN106504627A publication Critical patent/CN106504627A/en
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B23/00Models for scientific, medical, or mathematical purposes, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B23/06Models for scientific, medical, or mathematical purposes, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes for physics
    • G09B23/22Models for scientific, medical, or mathematical purposes, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes for physics for optics

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating, and including base, light source feed mechanism and light path indication mechanism, base includes first base(1)And second base(2), first base(1)And second base(2)Centrally disposed rotating shaft(3), rotating shaft(3)Stretch out second base in upper end(2)And the first slide rail is set(4), light source feed mechanism includes location-plate(5), clamp(6)And laser lamp(7), location-plate(5)Away from clamp(6)End face arrange the first slide block(8);Second base(2)Upper surface arranges the second slide rail(9), hollow transparent box body lower surface arranges the 3rd base(21), the 3rd base(21)Lower surface is arranged and the second slide rail(9)The second slide block for matching(22).The present invention is by arranging the base that rotates, it is achieved that the 360 ° of rotations of overall structure or partial structurtes, is conducive to student's optical demo directly perceived of each position classroom in, raising teaching efficiency.

Description

Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating
Technical field
The invention belongs to physics educational apparatus technical field, more particularly, to a kind of optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating.
Background technology
In physics teaching in secondary school, the teaching demonstration of interference of light, diffraction, reflection and refraction effect, for Students ' Learning It is very important with the person's character of light, propagation law and practical application is grasped, but the difficult point of teaching demonstration experiment at present is:Light Learn phenomenon not directly perceived, it is impossible to form the preferable multi-angle visible effect of visual effect, so as to have impact on quality of instruction and conventional Experimental provision be only used for demonstrating the optical phenomenas such as the refraction of light, diffuse-reflectance, and interference of light, diffraction can not be demonstrated, The control operation of the laser pen that commonly uses simultaneously still needs the switch that the handss of teacher pin laser pen, and inconvenient operation is unfavorable for Class demonstration.
Application number 201520053250.1 provides a kind of teaching optical instrument, and which includes casing, is arranged on box bottom Support and roller on the bracket is set, the box house is provided with optical bench, light source, water lens and light Screen, the light source, water lens and optical screen are arranged on the optical bench by fixed support;The light source includes housing, sets Put the F light sources on housing exterior walls and be arranged on the LASER Light Source of the enclosure interior, be provided with the outer wall of the housing One through hole passed through for the LASER Light Source, the LASER Light Source include first laser light source and second laser light source, described the One LASER Light Source and the second laser light source are fixed on the enclosure interior by fixing device, the structure function is single, Use range is limited.
Application number CN201410122562.3 discloses a kind of interference of light, diffraction, reflection, the space multistory of refraction effect and drills Show instrument, include laser source(-)holder, laser pen, optical phenomena demonstration element and light path solid demonstration box, described light path solid is drilled Show that case includes transparent casing, in the casing, be provided with liquid or gaseous transparent colloid;Described laser pen, its illuminant color At least two colors are included, the laser pen specification external form is identical, sidepiece is provided with control knob;Described laser source(-)holder includes At least two-layer height base plate arranged in parallel, on each layer of base plate, equal time interval is provided with front shoe, control panel with push-button And rear fixed plate, multiple horizontal and vertical front fixing holes for fixed laser pen are provided with the front shoe, this is rear solid Corresponding with front fixed hole number and position and for fixed laser pen rear fixing hole, control panel with push-button is provided with fixed board On be provided with the button control hole corresponding with front fixed hole number and position, being shaped as of described button control hole is being justified One section of arc groove is opened up on the outside of shape hole, and the two ends of the arc groove linearly increase setting from the center of circle of above-mentioned circular port.Should Structure is disadvantageous in that:The structure as the larger inconvenience of integrated model weight is mobile, is sitting in classroom left in presentation process The student of right both sides can only ensure that certain side is observed, and affect teaching efficiency.
Content of the invention
In view of this, the purpose of the present invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating, leads to Cross and the base for rotating is set, it is achieved that the 360 ° of rotations of overall structure or partial structurtes, be conducive to of each position in classroom Life optical demo directly perceived, improves teaching efficiency.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention is employed the following technical solutions:
Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating, including base, light source feed mechanism and light path indication mechanism, the base includes first base And second base, the first base and the centrally disposed rotating shaft of the second base, second bottom is stretched out in the rotating shaft upper end Seat simultaneously arranges the first slide rail of vertical direction;The light source feed mechanism includes location-plate, clamp and is arranged on swashing in clamp Light lamp, the laser lamp are multiple, and the clamp is fixedly connected with the location-plate, end of the location-plate away from the clamp Face arranges the first slide block matched with first slide rail;The second base upper surface arranges the second slide rail, the light path Indication mechanism includes that hollow transparent box body, the hollow transparent box body lower surface arrange the 3rd base, the 3rd base lower end Face arranges the second slide block matched with second slide rail.
Further, the 3rd base upper surface arranges the 3rd slide rail, the hollow transparent box body lower surface arrange with The 3rd slide block that 3rd slide rail matches, the direction of the 3rd slide rail are vertical with the direction of second slide rail.
Further, the hollow transparent box body includes upper plate, lower plate, left plate, right panel, front and rear panels, the upper plate Open up air inlet and inlet opening, the lower plate arranges osculum, near the rotating shaft, the left plate includes being hinged the left plate Upper left plate and lower left plate, the upper left plate and the upper plate, front and rear panels sealing snapping, the lower left plate respectively with described under Plate, front and rear panels are fixedly connected, and the right panel inwall arranges imaging plate, and the front and rear panels inwall is respectively provided with and horizontal plane Element demonstrated by parallel the 4th slide rail of multilamellar, the light that is slidably connected in the 4th slide rail, and the light demonstration element is flat Face mirror, non-planar mirror, convex lenss, concavees lens or prism.
Further, the imaging plate is to arrange colour developing module and control module, the control in display screen, the display screen The molding block control colour developing module work.
Further, the location-plate outer surface arranges angle line, and the hollow transparent box body outer wall is slidably connected angulation Plate.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. the base of the present invention includes first base and second base, first base and the centrally disposed rotating shaft of second base, rotating shaft Stretch out second base and the first slide rail of vertical direction is set in upper end;Light source feed mechanism includes location-plate, clamp and is arranged on Laser lamp in clamp, for multiple, clamp is fixedly connected laser lamp with location-plate, and location-plate is arranged away from the end face of clamp and the The first slide block that one slide rail matches;Second base upper surface arranges the second slide rail, and light path indication mechanism includes hollow transparent box Body, hollow transparent box body lower surface arrange the 3rd base, and the 3rd base lower surface arranges the second cunning matched with the second slide rail Block.During use, first base is placed on the table, rotating shaft is free to rotate with respect to first base, and second base is with respect to rotating shaft Can freely rotate, the direction of adjustment hollow transparent box body during use, is realized by rotating second base, be conducive to religion The angled student of indoor institute carries out optical demo;In addition, realizing adjustment hollow transparent box body and turning by the 3rd base that slides The distance between axle, this structure design are easy in Optics Experiments length and the track for demonstrating light to student;Additionally, passing through First slide block is moved up and down with respect to the achievable laser lamp that is slidably connected of the first slide rail, adjusts laser by rotating the first slide block Realize the angle of incidence of adjustment light in the angle of inclination of lamp.
2. the 3rd base upper surface arranges the 3rd slide rail, and the setting of hollow transparent box body lower surface is matched with the 3rd slide rail 3rd slide block, the direction of the 3rd slide rail are vertical with the direction of the second slide rail, by adjusting the 3rd slide block in the 3rd slide rail during use The fine position to hollow transparent cartridge is realized in interior position, effectively improves the accuracy of light propagation path of the present invention.
3. hollow transparent box body includes upper plate, lower plate, left plate, right panel, front and rear panels, wherein left plate near rotating shaft, on Plate opens up air inlet and inlet opening to be used for pouring liquids and gases in hollow transparent box body, for example built-in in hollow transparent box body Entering colloid is used for demonstrating Tyndall phenomenon;Lower plate arranges osculum to be used for smoothly discharging the liquid in hollow transparent box body;Left Plate includes the upper left plate being hinged and lower left plate, upper left plate and upper plate, front and rear panels sealing snapping, lower left plate respectively with lower plate, Front and rear panels are fixedly connected, and right panel inwall arranges imaging plate, and front and rear panels inwall is respectively provided with parallel with horizontal plane many Element demonstrated by the 4th slide rail of layer, the light that is slidably connected in the 4th slide rail, and light demonstration element is plane mirror, non-planar mirror, convex lens Mirror, concavees lens or prism, open upper left plate during use, light is demonstrated element by simple push-and-pull and is arranged on the 4th slide rail Interior, and push-and-pull process is convenient and swift.Need to point out, during the refraction of light or scattering experiment, in hollow transparent box body When pouring liquid, the upper surface of liquid can prevent liquid from overflowing less than the top of lower left plate, gas injection above the liquid, Upper left plate takes over control only gas overflowing with upper plate, front and rear panels seal buckle, it follows that this structure design is effectively improved demonstrating Stability in journey.
4. imaging plate is to arrange colour developing module and control module in display screen, display screen, the lighting color of laser lamp of arranging in pairs or groups, Control module control colour developing module develops the color for projecting the illumination brightness of laser lamp, and this structure design effectively improves demonstrating effect.
5. location-plate outer surface arranges angle line, and hollow transparent box body outer wall is slidably connected Angle protractor, location-plate during use On graduation mark be used for the angle of directly positioning laser lamp and horizontal plane, Angle protractor is used for the angle for measuring angle of reflection or refraction angle Degree size, this structure design directly can verify reflection law or the law of refraction to student from data.
To sum up, convenient to operation when the present invention is used, and the student to all positions in classroom can realize drilling The purpose that shows, effectively improves teaching quantity and teaching efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Structural representations of the Fig. 1 for the embodiment of the present invention one;
Structural representations of the Fig. 2 for one light source feed mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention;
Structural representations of the Fig. 3 for one second base of the embodiment of the present invention;
Structural representations of the Fig. 4 for one light path indication mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention;
Structural representations of the Fig. 5 for the 3rd base of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 6 is that one arc of the embodiment of the present invention clamps raised structural representation;
Structural representations of the Fig. 7 for the embodiment of the present invention two;
Structural representations of the Fig. 8 for three first base of the embodiment of the present invention;
Structural representations of the Fig. 9 for four first base of the embodiment of the present invention;
Structural representations of the Figure 10 for four first base lower surface of the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure:1- first bases, 2- second bases, 3- rotating shafts, the first slide rails of 4-, 5- location-plates, 6- clamps, 7- laser Lamp, the first slide blocks of 8-, the second slide rails of 9-, 10- upper plates, 11- right panels, 12- header boards, 13- air inlets, 14- inlet openings, 15- drainings Demonstrate element, the 3rd bases of 21-, 22- in hole, the upper left plates of 16-, left plate under 17-, 18- imaging plates, the 4th slide rails of 19-, 20- light Second slide block, the 3rd slide rails of 23-, the 3rd slide blocks of 24-, 25- Angle protractors, 26- first levels portion, 27- curved portions, the second water of 28- Flat portion, 29- holding tanks, 30- rollers, the clamping of 31- arcs are raised.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the present invention includes that base, light source feed mechanism and light path indication mechanism, base include first base 1 and second base 2, first base 1 and second base 2 are discoid and center and install rotating shaft 3, and the diameter of first base 1 is little In the diameter of second base 2,2 upper surface of second base arranges the second slide rail 9, and the second slide rail 9 is three, and 3 upper end of rotating shaft is stretched out Second base 2 simultaneously offers the first slide rail 4 of vertical direction;
Light source feed mechanism includes location-plate 5, clamp 6 and the laser lamp 7 being arranged in clamp 6, and laser lamp 7 is multiple, this reality Apply example preferably two, two laser lamps 7 can be used for reflection law and the law of refraction in demonstration of parallelism light, clamp 6 and location-plate 5 It is fixedly connected, location-plate 5 is integrally formed the first slide block 8 matched with the first slide rail 4 away from the end face of clamp 6;
Light path indication mechanism includes that hollow transparent box body, hollow transparent box body include upper plate 10, lower plate, left plate, right panel 11, header board 12 and back plate, upper plate 10 opens up air inlet 13 and inlet opening 14, and lower plate opens up osculum 15, and left plate includes the upper left plate 16 being hinged With lower left plate 17, upper left plate 16 and upper plate 10, header board 12 and back plate sealing snapping, lower left plate 17 respectively with lower plate, header board 12 and Back plate bonding connection, 11 inwall bonding imaging plate 18 of right panel, imaging plate 18 are display screen, set colour developing module and control in display screen Module, control module control colour developing module work, header board 12 and back plate inwall open up the multilamellar the 4th parallel with horizontal plane Slide rail 19, the preferred two-layer of the present embodiment, be slidably connected in the 4th slide rail 19 light demonstration element 20, and light demonstration element 20 is flat Face mirror, non-planar mirror, convex lenss, concavees lens or prism, show in Fig. 4 for prism;It is slidably connected in second slide rail 9 3rd base 21,21 lower surface of the 3rd base are integrally formed the second slide block 22 matched with the second slide rail 9;On 3rd base 21 End face the 3rd slide rail 23 of setting, the 3rd slide block 24 that hollow transparent box body lower surface is arranged and the 3rd slide rail 23 matches, the 3rd The direction of slide rail 23 is vertical with the direction of the second slide rail 9.It is respectively provided with first slide rail 4, the second slide rail 9, the 3rd slide rail 23 multiple Arc clamping raised 31, arc clamping raised 31 are used for the position for positioning the first slide block 8, the second slide block 22 and the 3rd slide block 24, After preventing adjustment, in Experiments of Optics presentation process, the first slide block 8, the second slide block 22 and the 3rd slide block 24 affect demonstration from line slip The problem of effect occurs, and as structure is similar, only illustrates that the first slide block 8 and 4 arc of the first slide rail clamp raised 31 in Fig. 6 Position relationship.
The present invention when using, place on the table by first base 1, and 3 relative first base 1 of rotating shaft is free to rotate, the Two bases 2 freely can be rotated relative to rotating shaft 3, realize the direction of adjustment hollow transparent box body by rotating second base 2, Be conducive to carrying out optical demo to the angled student of institute in classroom;In addition, realizing that adjustment is hollow by the 3rd base 21 that slides The distance between transparent cartridge and rotating shaft 3, this structure design be easy in Optics Experiments to student demonstrate light length and Track;Additionally, moving up and down by the achievable laser lamp that is slidably connected of 8 relative first slide rail 4 of the first slide block, by rotating First slide block 8 adjusts the angle of incidence that adjustment light is realized at the angle of inclination of laser lamp 7.
Light reflects lecture experiment process:The lower part of hollow transparent box body add colloid, on partly add smog, when swashing For opening when one, light demonstration element 20 is plane mirror to light lamp 7, and plane mirror is that upper and lower two-layer is installed, and the light of laser lamp 7 is oblique Inject in the smog of hollow transparent box body, measurement angle of incidence and twice reflection process angle of reflection verify reflection law;In addition, with When open two laser lamps 7, the direct reflection that can contrast light of the demonstration of parallelism light on plane mirror and non-planar mirror and unrestrained anti- Penetrate phenomenon;
The refraction lecture experiment process of light:When laser lamp 7 is for opening one, the light of laser lamp 7 is slanted through hollow transparent box In the colloid of body, angle of incidence and refraction angle is measured, verify the law of refraction;In addition, open two laser lamps 7, demonstration of parallelism simultaneously Propagation law of the light in same liquid medium;It is noted that light injects generation Tyndall phenomenon in colloid being easier Observe the propagation path of light.
By convex lenss or the concavees lens of being slidably connected in the 4th slide rail 19, the original of myopia or hypermetropia can be verified Reason, by the dispersion phenomenon of Rhizoma Sparganii sem observation light.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment is essentially identical with the structure of embodiment one, except for the difference that:As shown in fig. 7,5 outer surface of location-plate arranges angle Line, back plate outer wall are slidably connected Angle protractor 25.Graduation mark during use on location-plate 5 is used for directly positioning laser lamp 7 and level The angle in face, Angle protractor 25 are used for the angular dimension for measuring angle of reflection or refraction angle, and this structure design can be straight from data Connect to student and verify reflection law or the law of refraction.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment is essentially identical with the structure of embodiment one, except for the difference that:As shown in figure 8,1 side end face of first base symmetrically sets Two handles are put, handle includes first level portion 26, curved portions 27 and the second horizontal part 28, first level portion 26 and the second level Portion 28 is hinged in first base 1, and first base 1 also sets up the U-lag for accommodating curved portions 27(Not shown), the present embodiment passes through Handle is set up, is easy to quickly remove and is moved experiment equipment.
Example IV
The present embodiment is essentially identical with the structure of embodiment one, except for the difference that:As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10,1 lower surface of first base Three holding tanks 29 are set, in holding tank 29, are hinged roller 30, roller 30 all can be overturn to holding tank 29, do not affect first Contact of the base 1 with testing stand, roller 30 is turned up and carry out short-distance movement, the present embodiment and embodiment three using roller 30 Effect is essentially identical, by arranging roller 30, is easy to quickly remove and moves experiment equipment.
Finally illustrate, only in order to technical scheme to be described and unrestricted, this area is common for above example Other modifications or equivalent that technical staff is made to technical scheme, without departing from technical solution of the present invention Spirit and scope, all should cover in the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (5)

1. optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating, including base, light source feed mechanism and light path indication mechanism, it is characterised in that:The bottom Seat includes first base and second base, the first base and the centrally disposed rotating shaft of the second base, the rotating shaft upper end Stretch out the second base and the first slide rail of vertical direction is set;The light source feed mechanism includes location-plate, clamp and sets The laser lamp in the clamp is put, the clamp is fixedly connected with the location-plate, end face of the location-plate away from the clamp The first slide block matched with first slide rail is set;The second base upper surface arranges the second slide rail, and the light path shows Show that mechanism includes that hollow transparent box body, the hollow transparent box body lower surface arrange the 3rd base, the 3rd base lower surface The second slide block matched with second slide rail is set.
2. optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The 3rd base upper surface arranges the Three slide rails, the hollow transparent box body lower surface arrange the 3rd slide block matched with the 3rd slide rail, the 3rd slide rail Direction vertical with the direction of second slide rail.
3. optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hollow transparent box body includes Plate, lower plate, left plate, right panel, front and rear panels, the upper plate open up air inlet and inlet opening, and the lower plate opens up osculum, institute Left plate is stated near the rotating shaft, the left plate includes the upper left plate being hinged and lower left plate, the upper left plate and the upper plate, header board Snapping is sealed with back plate, the lower left plate is fixedly connected with the lower plate, front and rear panels respectively, and the right panel inwall is arranged to As plate, the front and rear panels inwall is respectively provided with the 4th slide rail of multilamellar parallel with horizontal plane, the 4th slide rail and slides Connection light demonstration element, the light demonstration element is plane mirror, non-planar mirror, convex lenss, concavees lens or prism.
4. optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The imaging plate is display screen, described Colour developing module and control module, the control module control module work that develops the color are set in display screen.
5. optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The location-plate is limbus plate.
CN201710015387.1A 2017-01-10 2017-01-10 Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating Pending CN106504627A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710015387.1A CN106504627A (en) 2017-01-10 2017-01-10 Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710015387.1A CN106504627A (en) 2017-01-10 2017-01-10 Optics teaching apparatus for demonstrating

Publications (1)

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CN106504627A true CN106504627A (en) 2017-03-15

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107424494A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-01 安徽原创科普技术有限公司 A kind of optics island equipment for popularization exhibitions

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2234114Y (en) * 1994-06-08 1996-08-28 国家教育委员会教学仪器研究所 Demonstration experiment box for junior middle school geometrical optics
CN203134231U (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-08-14 王洪华 Comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics
CN203773829U (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-08-13 杨爽 Optical experiment instrument
CN105679162A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-15 李倬 Multifunctional light path display device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2234114Y (en) * 1994-06-08 1996-08-28 国家教育委员会教学仪器研究所 Demonstration experiment box for junior middle school geometrical optics
CN203134231U (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-08-14 王洪华 Comprehensive demonstration instrument for geometrical optics
CN203773829U (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-08-13 杨爽 Optical experiment instrument
CN105679162A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-15 李倬 Multifunctional light path display device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107424494A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-01 安徽原创科普技术有限公司 A kind of optics island equipment for popularization exhibitions

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Application publication date: 20170315