CN202836826U - In-situ sensing and measuring device for surface water temperature and salinity - Google Patents

In-situ sensing and measuring device for surface water temperature and salinity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202836826U
CN202836826U CN 201220550087 CN201220550087U CN202836826U CN 202836826 U CN202836826 U CN 202836826U CN 201220550087 CN201220550087 CN 201220550087 CN 201220550087 U CN201220550087 U CN 201220550087U CN 202836826 U CN202836826 U CN 202836826U
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China
Prior art keywords
module
microprocessor
salinity
sensor
data acquisition
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220550087
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周斌
刘王兵
凌在盈
潘玉良
窦文洁
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Hangzhou Normal University
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Hangzhou Normal University
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Priority to CN 201220550087 priority Critical patent/CN202836826U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an in-situ sensing and measuring device for surface water temperature and salinity. The in-situ sensing and measuring device for surface water temperature and salinity comprises a microprocessor, a geographic space positioning module, a battery, a communication module, a sensor data acquisition module, an integrated circuit board, a plastic float, a temperature sensor, a salinity sensor and two rubber plugs. The integrated circuit board and the rubber plugs are disposed in the plastic float. The battery powers the integrated circuit board. The microprocessor is installed on the integrated circuit board. The geographic space positioning module and the communication module are disposed at the top of the plastic float. The geographic space positioning module, the communication module and the sensor data acquisition module are connected with the integrated circuit board through transmission lines. The geographic space positioning module, the sensor data acquisition module, the microprocessor, the communication module and the battery are all integrated on the integrated circuit board. The rubber plugs are disposed at the bottom of the plastic float. The rubber plugs are provided with the temperature sensor and the salinity sensor respectively. The in-situ sensing and measuring device for surface water temperature and salinity provides high measurement data amount and is high in measurement precision and low in cost.

Description

Surface water thermohaline degree original position sense measuring device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to ocean water body Detection Techniques field, is specifically related to a kind of surface water water temperature, salimity measurement equipment, especially a kind of surface water thermohaline degree original position sense measuring device.
Background technology
The ocean surface area takes up an area 70 percent of ball surface area, marine surface temperature and salinity are research ocean circulation, general circulation, ocean temperature cutting edge of a knife or a sword, Marine Weather and two of the Oceanography And Meteorology problems such as weather very important physical agents, in fish production activity and Meteorological Services the spatial and temporal distributions of thermohaline degree also with coastal waters cultivation, marine environmental pollution, thunderstorm unusually and the spatial and temporal distributions of tropical cyclone etc. closely related.The in site measurement data of a large amount of long-time sequences will provide important data basic on the mechanism research of the impact of atmosphere and ocean for the thermohaline degree on surface, sea.River mouth and coastal waters are the zones that terrestrial water body and seawater cross, and the hydrographic features spatial and temporal variation is huge, and the damage and pollution of environment more easily occurs.Red tide is the recurrent a kind of problem of environmental pollution of offshore and Hekou Area, although the China coastal seas circumstance complication is changeable, Hai Wen, salinity, temperature and wind field are the important environmental physics factors that red tide occurs, develops and wither away.The in site measurement data of real-time extra large surperficial thermohaline degree will play an important role in the early warning of red tide and control.Along with the development of remote sensing technology, the remote measurement of large-area extra large surface data becomes the important means of large scale Changeement, but the raising of the precision of telemetry inverse model is to be based upon on the basis of the in site measurement data of a large amount of actual effect.The simultaneously temperature of Inland Water and the research of salinity is risen, and temperature is huge on the impact of the biological activity in the Inland Water, and the variation of temperature and salinity can also cause the variation of the substance release amounts such as sediment Endogenous Phosphorus.In sum, the thermohaline degree is the important physical parameter of ocean and Inland Water, and obtaining of in site measurement data is significant.
The method of existing observation water surface thermohaline degree has: walk boat, three kinds of methods of buoy and remote sensing.
Walk the boat method, refer to along the route of surveying vessel navigation the linear point measurement of adopting be carried out in the waters of process, data are comparatively accurate, but poor in timeliness, cost is higher, and the sparse thermohaline degree situation that is not enough to represent whole research waters of circuit of navigation, also relates in addition the problem of personal safety; Second method, buoy is measured, and refers to that fixed point is settled the buoy that is loaded with thermohaline sensor in the research waters, and measurement data is sent ground back to by wireless transmission.Although can the instantaneous transmission data, the volume of buoy is relatively huge, and the density of input is very little, and cost is relatively high, affected by the water surface situation of change larger, easily loses, and is one-point measurement, can not provide equally whole waters complete information; The third method, to carry out the thermohaline degrees of data that inverting draws water surface by the signal that remote sensing satellite receives, but because the precision of inverse model can't meet the demands, especially the inverting of salinity is at the early-stage especially, and institute is so that its advantage of can large tracts of land measuring can not get embodiment.Simultaneously, the remote-sensing inversion model is to set up according to the relation between the signal of the in site measurement data of a large amount of actual effect and sensor reception equally, so in site measurement is equally very important for remote sensing technique.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in order to overcome the measurement data poor in timeliness of existing water surface thermohaline degree measuring technique, measurement data is rare, measuring accuracy is lower, measure the high deficiency of cost, a kind of surface water thermohaline degree original position sense measuring device is provided, this device is ageing strong, measurement data is many, precision is relatively high, low cost, but small size and unmanaged flexibility.
The technical scheme that its technical matters that solves the utility model adopts is:
The utility model comprises microprocessor, geographical space locating module, battery, communication module, sensor data acquisition module, surface-mounted integrated circuit, plastic float, temperature sensor, salinity sensor, rubber plug.
Be provided with surface-mounted integrated circuit in the plastic float, rubber plug, battery is the surface-mounted integrated circuit power supply, microprocessor is installed on the surface-mounted integrated circuit, the geographical space locating module, communication module is arranged on the plastic float top, the geographical space locating module, communication module is connected with surface-mounted integrated circuit by transmission line with the sensor data acquisition module, and geographical space locating module, the sensor data acquisition module, microprocessor, communication module, battery all is integrated on the surface-mounted integrated circuit, rubber plug is arranged on the plastic float bottom, and two rubber plugs are separately installed with temperature sensor, salinity sensor;
Described plastic float is as the floating on water instrument;
Described geographical space locating module, optional GPS positioning circuit module, Big Dipper positioning circuit module, Galileo positioning circuit module etc. are used for the circuit module of geographical space location, be used for the data acquisition command reception global positioning system signal according to described microprocessor, determine the geospatial location at current buoyant means place, and be input to microprocessor;
Described temperature sensor and salinity sensor are exposed in the water body, for detection of temperature and the salinity of surface water, guarantee that the thermohaline degree parameter of water surface collection position is corresponding with the space position parameter of sampled point; And will detect data and be sent to data acquisition module;
Described sensor data acquisition module is for exporting water temperature and salinity signal according to the data acquisition instruction of microprocessor to microprocessor;
Described communication module, can select the information transmission circuits such as radio communication line, WIFI telecommunication circuit, GPRS telecommunication circuit, G telecommunication circuit, be used for sending instruction according to the data of microprocessor, described water temperature and salinity and geospatial location information exchange crossed wireless mode send the ground monitoring center to;
The described communication module of the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin sends the data acquisition instruction to microprocessor in the described ground monitoring, the collection of log-on data and transmission operation.
The beneficial effects of the utility model master is as follows:
The utility model adopts on-the-spot original position sensing mode to measure, and the parameter measurement precision is high, and efficient is high; Adopt the geographical space locating module, guarantee that water body thermohaline degree information is corresponding with the locus geographic factor of sampled point; Adopt radio communication and certainly appearance work combine, the position of data acquisition adapts to wide, control flexibly initiatively; The employing large tracts of land lays, and the individual data cost is low, and dirigibility is large; Small volume is disturbed littlely, and the sample data precision is high; Can be floating voluntarily for a long time, measurement mechanism is reusable, and maintenance cost is low; Send instruction by ground-based computer, can obtain the consistent parameter of sequential, be convenient to data analysis, convenient realization is synchronous with remote sensing, is beneficial to and carries out checking work.
To sum up, the utility model is realized the requirement of water surface thermohaline degree in site measurement, and the measurement data amount is large, accurate, measurement mechanism is simple, measurement is with low cost, measuring method is flexible.The foundation and the improvement that can be water surface thermohaline degree remote-sensing inversion model provide important data basis.Throw in if can carry out subregion, the floating route of reasonable prediction and site situation are just the in real time accurately dynamic visualized emulation analysis of feasible region surface layer of water temperature field and salinity field distribution.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall schematic;
Fig. 2 is the utility model sectional view;
Among the figure, microprocessor 1, geographical space locating module 2, battery 3, communication module 4, sensor data acquisition module 5, surface-mounted integrated circuit 6, plastic float 7, temperature sensor 8, salinity sensor 9, rubber plug 10.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, surface water thermohaline degree original position sense measuring device comprises microprocessor 1, geographical space locating module 2, battery 3, communication module 4, sensor data acquisition module 5, surface-mounted integrated circuit 6, plastic float 7, temperature sensor 8, salinity sensor 9, rubber plug 10.
Be provided with surface-mounted integrated circuit 6 in the plastic float 7, rubber plug 10, battery 3 is surface-mounted integrated circuit 6 power supplies, microprocessor 1 is installed on the surface-mounted integrated circuit 6, geographical space locating module 2, communication module 4 is arranged on plastic float 7 tops, geographical space locating module 2, communication module 4 is connected with surface-mounted integrated circuit 6 by transmission line with sensor data acquisition module 5, and geographical space locating module 2, sensor data acquisition module 5, microprocessor 1, communication module 4, battery 3 all is integrated on the surface-mounted integrated circuit 6, rubber plug 10 is arranged on plastic float 7 bottoms, and two rubber plugs 10 are separately installed with temperature sensor 8, salinity sensor 9;
Described plastic float 7 is as the floating on water instrument;
Described geographical space locating module 2, optional GPS positioning circuit module, Big Dipper positioning circuit module, Galileo positioning circuit module etc. are used for the circuit module of geographical space location, be used for the data acquisition command reception global positioning system signal according to described microprocessor 1, determine the geospatial location at current buoyant means place, and be input to microprocessor 1;
Described temperature sensor 8 and salinity sensor 9 are exposed in the water body, for detection of temperature and the salinity of surface water, guarantee that the thermohaline degree parameter of water surface collection position is corresponding with the space position parameter of sampled point; And will detect data and be sent to data acquisition module 5;
Described sensor data acquisition module 5 is for exporting water temperature and salinity signal according to the data acquisition instruction of microprocessor 1 to microprocessor 1;
Described communication module 4, can select the information transmission circuits such as radio communication line, WIFI telecommunication circuit, GPRS telecommunication circuit, 3G telecommunication circuit, be used for sending instruction according to the data of microprocessor 1, described water temperature and salinity and geospatial location information exchange crossed wireless mode send the ground monitoring center to;
The described communication module 4 of the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin sends the data acquisition instruction to microprocessor 1 in the described ground monitoring, the collection of log-on data and transmission operation.
The utility model course of work is as follows:
At first, microprocessor 1 obtains the spatial geographical locations parameter by geographical space locating module 2, obtains temperature and salinity signal by sensor data acquisition module 5, sends the move instruction of data acquisition instruction and data; Sensor data acquisition module 5 is made of A/D conversion, signals collecting and modulate circuit; Temperature sensor 8 and salinity sensor 9, temperature and the salinity on main sensing water body top layer; Rubber plug device 10 is mainly used in fixation of sensor and sealing floating body device, the integrated circuit panel assembly that protection is inner.
Buoyant means 7 will be at predetermined waters free-floating, and the data acquisition instruction is sent by the setting plan by microprocessor 1, or sends instruction by ground-based computer by wireless network, carries out data acquisition and transmission operation; Communication module 4 with the parameters such as locus of water body thermohaline degree and sampled point, sends the ground monitoring center to by wireless mode under the commander of microprocessor 1; This device is designed to data simultaneously from capacitance type, and all data can be stored on the storage card temporarily, is recovered to again derived data of ground after device fulfils assignment, some measuring positions that this Functional Design does not also cover to adapt to wireless telecommunications.
Not yet see a large amount of thermohaline degree in-situ measurement devices of throwing in the water body top layer in the prior art, meaning of the present utility model is to obtain in a large number temperature and the salinity in site measurement data on water body top layer, measuring accuracy is high, the data cost is low, data volume is large, for calibration, checking provide strong technical basis; Adopt this method, the reasonable Arrangement sensor, the Optimal Parameters acquisition strategies can obtain water body skin temperature and distribution of the salinity and Changing Pattern that three dimensions changes chronologically.

Claims (2)

1. surface water thermohaline degree original position sense measuring device, comprise microprocessor, geographical space locating module, battery, communication module, sensor data acquisition module, surface-mounted integrated circuit, plastic float, temperature sensor, salinity sensor, rubber plug, it is characterized in that:
Be provided with surface-mounted integrated circuit in the plastic float, rubber plug, battery is the surface-mounted integrated circuit power supply, microprocessor is installed on the surface-mounted integrated circuit, the geographical space locating module, communication module is arranged on the plastic float top, the geographical space locating module, communication module is connected with surface-mounted integrated circuit by transmission line with the sensor data acquisition module, and geographical space locating module, the sensor data acquisition module, microprocessor, communication module, battery all is integrated on the surface-mounted integrated circuit, rubber plug is arranged on the plastic float bottom, and two rubber plugs are separately installed with temperature sensor, salinity sensor;
Described plastic float is as the floating on water instrument.
2. a kind of surface water thermohaline degree original position sense measuring device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described geographical space locating module, optional GPS positioning circuit module, Big Dipper positioning circuit module, Galileo positioning circuit module, be used for the data acquisition command reception global positioning system signal according to described microprocessor, determine the geospatial location at current buoyant means place, and be input to microprocessor;
Described temperature sensor and salinity sensor are exposed in the water body, for detection of temperature and the salinity of surface water, guarantee that the thermohaline degree parameter of water surface collection position is corresponding with the space position parameter of sampled point; And will detect data and be sent to data acquisition module;
Described sensor data acquisition module is for exporting water temperature and salinity signal according to the data acquisition instruction of microprocessor to microprocessor;
Described communication module, can select radio communication line, WIFI telecommunication circuit, GPRS telecommunication circuit, G telecommunication circuit, be used for sending instruction according to the data of microprocessor, described water temperature and salinity and geospatial location information exchange crossed wireless mode send the ground monitoring center to;
The described communication module of the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin sends the data acquisition instruction to microprocessor in the described ground monitoring, the collection of log-on data and transmission operation.
CN 201220550087 2012-10-25 2012-10-25 In-situ sensing and measuring device for surface water temperature and salinity Expired - Fee Related CN202836826U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102889946A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-01-23 杭州师范大学 Device for sensing and measuring temperature and salinity of water body on surface layer
CN106198625A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-12-07 东北电力大学 One heavy metal species on-line monitoring system device in situ

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102889946A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-01-23 杭州师范大学 Device for sensing and measuring temperature and salinity of water body on surface layer
CN106198625A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-12-07 东北电力大学 One heavy metal species on-line monitoring system device in situ

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Granted publication date: 20130327

Termination date: 20151025

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