CN207826480U - A kind of marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time - Google Patents

A kind of marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207826480U
CN207826480U CN201820153368.5U CN201820153368U CN207826480U CN 207826480 U CN207826480 U CN 207826480U CN 201820153368 U CN201820153368 U CN 201820153368U CN 207826480 U CN207826480 U CN 207826480U
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buoyage
controller
connect
observes
real time
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高超
张少永
商红梅
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National Ocean Technology Center
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National Ocean Technology Center
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of marine acoustics and observes buoyage in real time.The buoyage includes:Watertight housings, kuppe, the micro weather station for the outer surface being arranged at the top of the watertight housings and Beidou antenna, the Beidou communication module being arranged inside the watertight housings, controller, data collector, the hydrophone being arranged inside the kuppe, wherein, the hydrophone is connect with the data collector, the data collector is connect with the controller, the controller is connect with the micro weather station and the Beidou communication module respectively, and the Beidou communication module is connect with the Beidou antenna.Buoyage provided by the utility model is capable of the ambient sea noise and ocean-atmosphere interface meteorologic parameter of real-time synchronization detection buoy position, using the ambient sea noise and meteorologic parameter can exact inversion be tested the sea situation of specific position in marine site.

Description

A kind of marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time
Technical field
The utility model is related to marine acoustics fields, and buoyage is observed in real time more particularly to a kind of marine acoustics.
Background technology
Wind closes noise, rain noise and hail noise etc. and is collectively referred to as meteorological notice.Wherein, it is the important of each marine site that wind, which closes noise, Noise source, close noise and rainfall noise inverting sea situation using wind and rainfall rank can realize meteorologic parameter in ocean it is round-the-clock from Dynamic detection, all plays a very important role to ocean development, weather forecast, the research of ocean meteorology and national defense and military.
The existing method for detecting maritime meteorology data automatically by buoyage is to be placed first in tested marine site several Buoy is detected, buoy is recycled to the seanoise data for obtaining buoy detection after reaching the observation number of days of setting, and combine country Detection of the weather bureau to the meteorologic parameter in tested marine site, comes inverting sea situation and rainfall rank, joins to meteorological in ocean to realize Several automatic detections.But since sea is vast, the position of buoy floating simultaneously differs, and tested from National Meteorological Bureau The noise data and state that the meteorologic parameter in marine site can not be detected specific to the physical location where buoy, therefore by buoy The meteorologic parameter in the tested marine site that weather bureau of family provides, which comes inverting sea situation and rainfall rank, can have larger error.Therefore, such as The technical issues of how improving the accuracy that sea situation detects, becoming those skilled in the art's urgent need to resolve.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of marine acoustics and observes buoyage in real time, can real-time synchronization detection it is floating The ambient sea noise and ocean-atmosphere interface meteorologic parameter for marking position, the ambient sea noise detected using the buoyage And meteorologic parameter can exact inversion be tested marine site in specific position sea situation.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following scheme:
A kind of marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time, and the buoyage includes:Watertight housings, kuppe, setting exist The micro weather station and Beidou antenna of outer surface at the top of the watertight housings, the Big Dipper being arranged inside the watertight housings are logical Believe module, controller, data collector, the hydrophone being arranged inside the kuppe, wherein
The hydrophone is connect with the data collector, and the data collector is connect with the controller, the control Device processed is connect with the micro weather station and the Beidou communication module respectively, the Beidou communication module and the Beidou antenna Connection.
Optionally, the buoyage further includes the acoustics signal processing device being arranged inside the watertight housings, described Acoustics signal processing device is arranged between the data collector and the controller, and the acoustics signal processing device is to the number Segment processing is carried out according to the digital signal that collector is sent and obtains each segment data, and after summing to each segment data Average acquisition sound spectrum level is taken, the characteristic value of the sound spectrum level is then extracted and the characteristic value is sent to the controller.
Optionally, the buoyage further includes the pressure sensor being arranged inside the kuppe, and the pressure passes Sensor is connect with the controller.
Optionally, the buoyage further includes the temperature sensor being connect with the controller, the temperature sensor Outer surface in the watertight housings bottom is set.
Optionally, the buoyage further includes the salinity sensor being connect with the controller, the salinity sensor Outer surface in the watertight housings bottom is set.
Optionally, the micro weather station specifically includes the anemobiagraph, wind vane, air pressure being connect respectively with the controller Sensor and air temperature sensor.
Optionally, the micro weather station further includes microprocessor and three axle electronic compass, wherein the wind vane and The three axle electronic compass is connect with the microprocessor, and the microprocessor is connect with the controller.
Optionally, the micro weather station further includes GPS module, the anemobiagraph and the GPS module with it is described micro- Processor connects.
According to specific embodiment provided by the utility model, the utility model discloses following technique effects:
Marine acoustics provided by the utility model observes buoyage in real time, and the outer surface at the top of watertight housings is provided with Micro weather station is internally provided with hydrophone, the ambient sea noise number that data acquisition module acquires hydrophone in kuppe It is sent to controller according to being converted into after digital signal, controller receives the sea of the buoy position of micro weather station detection simultaneously Vapor interface meteorological data, controller lead to the ocean-atmosphere interface meteorological data of ambient sea noise data and synchronous detection by the Big Dipper Letter module and Beidou antenna are sent to the receiver of land in real time, utilize the ambient sea noise and meteorology of real-time synchronization detection Parameter can exact inversion be tested marine site in specific position sea situation.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only the utility model Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram that the marine acoustics that the utility model embodiment provides observes buoyage in real time;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that the marine acoustics that the utility model embodiment provides observes buoyage in real time.
Specific implementation mode
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work The every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of marine acoustics and observes buoyage in real time, can real-time synchronization detection it is floating The ambient sea noise and ocean-atmosphere interface meteorologic parameter for marking position are tested the sea of specific position in marine site for exact inversion Condition.
To keep the above objects, features, and advantages of the utility model more obvious and easy to understand, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and have Body embodiment is described in further detail the utility model.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram that the marine acoustics that the utility model embodiment provides observes buoyage in real time.Fig. 2 is this The marine acoustics that utility model embodiment provides observes the structural schematic diagram of buoyage in real time.As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of Marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time, and the buoyage includes:Watertight housings 1, are arranged in the watertight shell kuppe 2 The micro weather station 3 and Beidou antenna 4 of the outer surface at the top of body 1, the Beidou communication mould being arranged inside the watertight housings 1 Block 5, controller 6, data collector 7, acoustics signal processing device 8, the hydrophone 9 being arranged inside the kuppe 2, pressure pass Salinity sensor 11 and temperature sensor 12 in the bottom outer surface of the watertight housings 1 is arranged in sensor 10, wherein
The salinity sensor 11 and temperature sensor 12 are connect with controller 6, and salinity sensor 11 is floating for measuring Mark system floats the conductivity of seawater in marine site.The hydrophone 9 is connect with the acoustics signal processing device 8, the acoustics letter Number processor 8 is arranged between the data collector 7 and the controller 6, the controller 6 respectively with the miniature meteorology 3, the Beidou communication module 5 of standing and the pressure sensor 10 connect, the Beidou communication module 5 and the Beidou antenna 4 Connection realizes control module 6 and the information of land receiver and the interaction of instruction by Beidou satellite communication module 5.Specifically Ground, the controller 6 in the present embodiment pass through RS232 serial ports and acoustics signal processing device 8, pressure sensor 10 and micro weather station 3 connections receive acoustic data, pressure and the meteorological model data of depth data and ocean-atmosphere interface and will pass through north after data preparation Bucket communication module 5 and Beidou antenna 4 are sent to land receiver.
Marine acoustics signal is converted into analog electrical signal by the hydrophone 9, and the data collector 7 is by analog electrical signal Digital signal is converted to, the acoustics signal processing device 8 carries out segment processing to the digital signal that the data collector 7 is sent Each segment data is obtained, and takes average acquisition sound spectrum level after summing to each segment data, is then extracted in octave Sound spectrum level characteristic value and the characteristic value is sent to the controller 6.Buoyage provided by the embodiment passes through acoustics The data of primary (two minutes) the collected 18000000B of work are converted to 31B by signal processor 8 in real time, then pass through north Bucket communication module 5 and Beidou antenna 4 can be sent to land receiver within 1 minute.
Specifically, micro weather station 3 described in the present embodiment specifically includes:The wind speed being connect respectively with the controller 6 Instrument, baroceptor and air temperature sensor, the microprocessor being connect with the controller 6, with the microprocessor Wind vane, three axle electronic compass, anemobiagraph and the GPS module of connection.Microprocessor is determined by the location information of GPS module The speed of buoyage calculates actual wind speed in conjunction with the speed of real-time wind speed and buoyage that anemobiagraph detects, and will be real Border wind speed is exported to controller 6.Meanwhile microprocessor can also pass through the attitude data meter of the buoy of three axle electronic compass detection The heeling condition for calculating buoyage calculates practical wind direction in combination with the wind direction data of wind vane detection, and by practical wind It is sent to controller 6 to data.
As shown in Fig. 2, hydrophone 9 passes through the cable 14 (being not more than 300 meters) and spherical shape across 1 bottom of spherical watertight housings Data acquisition module device 7 inside watertight housings 1 connects, and pressure sensor 10 is connect by cable 14 with controller 6, wherein Cable 14 passes through the part of 1 bottom of spherical watertight housings to pass through vulcanizing treatment, keeps it in sealing contact to reach with watertight housings 1 Waterproof purpose.The length of cable 14 can be customized according to ocean depth and acoustic measurement demand, and longest is not more than 300 meters, cable 14 It is in water neutral buoyancy, cable is stretched by 2 counterweight of kuppe, the reality of hydrophone 9 can be determined by pressure sensor 10 Border depth.Kuppe 2 is entrant sound cylindrical structure, can effectively reduce influence of the ocean current to hydrophone 9.
As shown in Fig. 2, the power supply of buoyage provided in this embodiment be battery 13, the battery 13 respectively with institute Controller 6 and the Beidou communication module 5 connection are stated, for powering to Big Dipper communication module 5 and controller 6.Meanwhile controller The power switch of 6 control micro weather stations 3, acoustics signal processing device 8, data collector 7, hydrophone 9 and pressure sensor 10, When measuring beginning, controller 6 controls each switch and is closed, and battery gives each electricity consumption module for power supply, and controller 6 controls after measurement Each switch is disconnected to be powered off to each module, to save system power dissipation.In the present embodiment, controller 6 gives tacit consent to half an hour measurement one The meteorological model data of infrasonics data, hydrophone depth data and ocean-atmosphere interface, time of measuring are 2 minutes, and land receives Machine can change single measurement time and the measurement interval of buoyage by Beidou communication module 5.
Buoyage provided by the utility model can be laid in a certain Sensitive sea area large area, and buoy can be across the sea with stream Floating, (working time is not less than half a year) measures acoustic information in real time for a long time, and obtains ocean-atmosphere interface by micro weather station The meteorology and hydrologic parameter at place provide data supporting for the long-term multi-parameter observation of marine acoustics.It is provided by the utility model floating Mark system can be widely used in Oceanic disasters forecast, ambient sea noise research, marine mammal research etc..And And marine acoustics provided by the utility model observes buoyage in real time, equipment cost is cheap, and metrical information is comprehensive, passes through north Struggle against satellite can real-time transmission data, without salvage recycling, application cost is relatively low, be convenient for promotion and implementation.
Each embodiment is described by the way of progressive in this specification, the highlights of each of the examples are with other The difference of embodiment, just to refer each other for identical similar portion between each embodiment.
Specific case used herein is expounded the principles of the present invention and embodiment, above example Explanation be merely used to help understand the method and its core concept of the utility model;Meanwhile for the general technology of this field Personnel, according to the thought of the utility model, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range.In conclusion The content of the present specification should not be construed as a limitation of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time, which is characterized in that the buoyage includes:Watertight housings, water conservancy diversion The micro weather station and Beidou antenna of the outer surface cover, being arranged at the top of the watertight housings, setting are in the watertight housings The Beidou communication module in portion, controller, data collector, the hydrophone being arranged inside the kuppe, wherein
The hydrophone is connect with the data collector, and the data collector is connect with the controller, the controller It is connect respectively with the micro weather station and the Beidou communication module, the Beidou communication module connects with the Beidou antenna It connects.
2. marine acoustics according to claim 1 observes buoyage in real time, which is characterized in that the buoyage also wraps The acoustics signal processing device being arranged inside the watertight housings is included, the acoustics signal processing device setting is acquired in the data Between device and the controller, the acoustics signal processing device carries out at segmentation the digital signal that the data collector is sent Reason obtains each segment data, and average acquisition sound spectrum level is taken after summing to each segment data, then extracts the sound The characteristic value is simultaneously sent to the controller by the characteristic value of spectrum level.
3. marine acoustics according to claim 1 observes buoyage in real time, which is characterized in that the buoyage also wraps The pressure sensor being arranged inside the kuppe is included, the pressure sensor is connect with the controller.
4. marine acoustics according to claim 1 observes buoyage in real time, which is characterized in that the buoyage also wraps The temperature sensor being connect with the controller is included, the outer surface in the watertight housings bottom is arranged in the temperature sensor.
5. marine acoustics according to claim 1 observes buoyage in real time, which is characterized in that the buoyage also wraps The salinity sensor being connect with the controller is included, the outer surface in the watertight housings bottom is arranged in the salinity sensor.
6. marine acoustics according to claim 1 observes buoyage in real time, which is characterized in that the micro weather station tool Body includes the anemobiagraph being connect respectively with the controller, wind vane, baroceptor and air temperature sensor.
7. marine acoustics according to claim 6 observes buoyage in real time, which is characterized in that the micro weather station is also Including microprocessor and three axle electronic compass, wherein the wind vane and the three axle electronic compass with the miniature place Device connection is managed, the microprocessor is connect with the controller.
8. marine acoustics according to claim 7 observes buoyage in real time, which is characterized in that the micro weather station is also Including GPS module, the anemobiagraph and the GPS module are connect with the microprocessor.
CN201820153368.5U 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time Active CN207826480U (en)

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CN201820153368.5U CN207826480U (en) 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820153368.5U CN207826480U (en) 2018-01-30 2018-01-30 A kind of marine acoustics observes buoyage in real time

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109823480A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-05-31 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of buoy for oceanographic observation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109823480A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-05-31 浙江省海洋水产研究所 A kind of buoy for oceanographic observation

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