CN202800088U - Block four-column press machine - Google Patents

Block four-column press machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202800088U
CN202800088U CN 201220482846 CN201220482846U CN202800088U CN 202800088 U CN202800088 U CN 202800088U CN 201220482846 CN201220482846 CN 201220482846 CN 201220482846 U CN201220482846 U CN 201220482846U CN 202800088 U CN202800088 U CN 202800088U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
drift
mould
plc controller
push rod
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201220482846
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张黎骅
王之盛
赖海六
邓启国
周爱明
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Sichuan Agricultural University
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Sichuan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN 201220482846 priority Critical patent/CN202800088U/en
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Publication of CN202800088U publication Critical patent/CN202800088U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a block four-column press machine and belongs to the technical field of feed processing. According to the block four-column press machine, a block forming mechanism comprises a punch, a prepressing punch, a block outlet push rod, a mold disc driven by a transmission system, a sliding beam connected with four columns, and connecting rods, wherein the sliding beam is connected with the transmission system through the connecting rods. At least four forming holes are evenly distributed in the mold disc. The forming holes are respectively aligned with a feeding system, the punch, the prepressing punch and the block outlet push rod. The feeding system provides feed for the forming holes. The bottom ends of the prepressing punch, the punch and the block outlet push rod all can be stretched into the forming holes. The top ends of the prepressing punch, the punch and the block outlet push rod are all connected with the sliding beam and move along with the sliding beam. An output system is arranged below the block output push rod and is below the forming holes of the mold disc. The block four-column press machine adopts the automatic feeding system, solves the problem of different sizes and different masses, caused by unevenness of block feeding, of the compacted blocks, can provide a pressure of 300 KN, and enables the compacted blocks to be large in density and high in hardness.

Description

A kind of brick four column press of licking
Technical field
The utility model relates to the feed processing machinery technical field, especially a kind of feed tonnage machine.
Background technology
At present, in the pastoral area, grassland, have every year and reach 8-9 month withered grass phase, cause cattle and sheep generally to lack nutrition, this is the low main cause of China's cowboying sheep husbandry level of the productive forces, address this problem the most direct way and carry out exactly comprehensive nutritional supplementation, the physilogical characteristics that both met cattle and sheep, Nutrition and Metabolism Regulation Mechanism and feeding manner, meet again low-consumption high-efficiency and simple and easy to do comprehensive nutritional supplementation method, be supplementary feeding urea and molasses composite nutrient licking brick, the at present most brick of licking adopts the press device briquet, has several large problems and suppress now the machine of licking brick, pressure is inadequate, make the mould brick of extrusion loose, hardness does not reach requirement, and the surface of brick is smooth not, can not get liking of client, the more important thing is, because the problem of charging makes mould brick not of uniform size, so not only mention production cost, and be convenient to packing.
The utility model content
Goal of the invention of the present utility model is: for the problem of above-mentioned existence, what a kind of pressure abundance, big or small homogeneous, balanced weight were provided licks brick four column press, the feed system of this forcing press adopts automation quantitative feeding system simultaneously, solved and licked brick feed inequality, make after the compacting to lick brick not of uniform size, this forcing press of the technical problem of weight inequality can provide the pressure of 300KN, make extrusion to lick brick density large, hardness is high, improve production efficiency, reduced cost, be convenient to packing, applied widely, be fit to apply.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, comprise feed system, lick brick forming machine structure, output system and transmission system, described lick the brick forming machine structure comprise drift, precompressed drift, brick output push rod, by the circular mould of transmission system drives, be connected on four root posts and can and will slide the connecting rod that beam is connected with transmission system at the sliding beam of vertical direction back and forth movement; Be evenly equipped with at least four forming holes on the concentric circumference of described mould, wherein forming hole aligns with feed system, drift, precompressed drift and brick output push rod respectively, feed system is to the forming hole feed of mould, the bottom of described precompressed drift, drift and brick output push rod all can be stretched in the forming hole, and its top all is connected on the sliding beam with its motion, the below of described brick output push rod is provided with output system, and described output system is positioned at the forming hole below of mould.
Owing to adopted said structure, feed system is mainly used in to the forcing press Automatic-feeding, licking the brick forming machine structure mainly is pressed into the mixing formula feed and licks brick, output system mainly is that the brick of licking of moulding is exported, and transmission system mainly is to provide power for licking brick forming machine structure and output system, thereby guarantee the normal operation of whole forcing press, wherein lick the brick forming machine structure mainly by drift, the precompressed drift, the brick output push rod, mould, sliding beam and connecting rod form, wherein transmission system is positioned at the below of body, for whole forcing press provides power, mould is positioned at the middle part of body, and this mould is circular configuration, wherein the center of circle of mould is connected on the body, and mould can rotate with respect to body, is provided with at least four forming holes at mould, can arrange according to actual needs four or five or a plurality of, forming hole is distributed in centered by the center of circle of mould on the same circumference, and when forming hole was chosen as four, one of them forming hole was connected with feed system to the mould feed; The forming hole adjacent with the forming hole of this charging aligns with the precompressed drift, and this precompressed drift can stretch in the forming hole, and supplied materials is carried out precompressed, makes its basic forming; The forming hole adjacent with the forming hole of pre-molding aligns with drift, and this drift can extend in this forming hole, and supplied materials is applied the pressure of 300KN, thereby compound is compressing, through twice moulding compacting, makes mould brick downtrodden closely; To rotate by mould, be equipped with lick brick the adjacent forming hole of the forming hole with compressing align with the brick output push rod, the brick output push rod can extend in the forming hole, and mould brick is pushed out to output system below it from forming hole, and mould brick is transferred out.Drift, the precompressed drift, the forming hole that brick output push rod and feed system are corresponding changes, after feed system is sent to mould with supplied materials, mould rotates, to there be the forming hole of material to deliver to precompressed drift below and carry out pre-molding, mould rotates again, the forming hole of pre-molding turns to drift, brick is pressed, mould rotates again, the forming hole of mould brick goes to brick output push rod below, by the brick output push rod it is released from forming hole, mould rotates again, get back to the operation that the feed system place proceeds next round, wherein a plurality of forming holes on the mould carry out the compound supply simultaneously, precompressed, compressing, the operation of brick output, thereby greatly improved efficient, drift, the precompressed drift, the top of brick output push rod is connected on the sliding beam simultaneously, sliding beam is connected on four root posts, and can move up and down with respect to column, but even also slide beam in the vertical direction back and forth movement, the movement of sliding beam can make drift, the precompressed drift, the brick output push rod extend in three forming holes on the mould simultaneously, it is carried out simultaneously operating, guaranteed service efficiency, adopt simultaneously four root posts, can strengthen sliding beam applied pressure, thereby make the 300KN that the drift applied pressure can reach to be needed, so that lick the brick stable molding, so that the stability of forcing press is better, can adjust its force value according to different feeds simultaneously simultaneously, operate with the brick that adds that is practically applicable to different feeds, usage range is wide.Sliding beam is connected on the transmission system by connecting rod, provide power by transmission system, drivening rod in the vertical direction back and forth movement, thus make the sliding beam can the in the vertical direction back and forth movement, realize that finally drift, precompressed drift, brick output push rod enter into simultaneously forming hole and realize separately its action.Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, pressure abundance, big or small homogeneous, balanced weight have solved that to lick the brick feed uneven, make after the compacting to lick brick not of uniform size, this forcing press of the technical problem of weight inequality can provide the pressure of 300KN, make extrusion to lick brick density large, hardness is high, has improved production efficiency, reduced cost, be convenient to packing, applied widely, be fit to apply.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, end, bottom at drift and brick output push rod is provided with the brush plate, be provided with the oil pipe shower nozzle on the described brush plate, be provided with the oil spout tube head on the termination, bottom of described brick output push rod, described oil spout tube head and oil pipe shower nozzle are connected on the injection system by oil pipe.
Owing to adopted said structure, termination, bottom at drift and brick output push rod arranges the brush plate that the oil pipe shower nozzle is installed, the every pressing one-time of drift, the brush plate all can clean the low side termination of drift and the low side termination of brick output push rod, simultaneously be provided with the oil spout tube head in the termination, bottom of brick output push rod, so that brick output push rod working in reciprocating mode once, oil spout is carried out to the wall of the forming hole in the mould in the capital, make and lick brick and do not stick at inwall, make simultaneously the shaped brick smooth in appearance of producing, there is not rough surface, make that to lick the brick smooth in appearance attractive in appearance, favored by the consumer, simultaneously can in the oil that sprays, add required material, the retention time to realize that brick is licked in raising, be beneficial to anticracking, the purpose such as smooth, wherein oil spout tube head and oil pipe shower nozzle are connected on the injection system by oil pipe, and injection system provides oil pressure for its oil spout.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, described injection system comprises fuel tank, described oil spout tube head and oil pipe shower nozzle are connected to the bottom of fuel tank by oil pipe, the mouth of pipe place of described oil pipe is provided with fie screen, be provided with on the described oil pipe by motor-driven pump, delivery side of pump also is connected in fuel tank by overflow valve, and the oil filler of fuel tank is equipped with the combination filter screen, also is provided with hand control valve on oil pipe.
Owing to adopted said structure, described injection system is to adopt hydraulic principle, the oil filler of fuel tank is equipped with multi-functional combination filter screen, avoid foreign material to enter into fuel tank, wherein the mouth of pipe of oil pipe extend into below the liquid level of inner bottom part of fuel tank, and the place is provided with fie screen at the mouth of pipe, avoids foreign material to enter into oil pipe and stops up shower nozzle or tube head, be provided with on the oil pipe by motor-driven pump, motor one is opened, the oil-feed of pump startup oil pipe, shower nozzle or tube head commencement of fuel injection, wherein motor is connected on the PLC controller by its control, delivery side of pump is installed an overflow valve and is connected in the fuel tank, controls the backflow of liquid and keeps the stable of pressure, for switch and the closure of oil circuit control, be equipped with a hand control valve at oil pipe, be convenient to manual control, when opening motor, with regard to commencement of fuel injection, close, oil spout stops.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, be provided with five forming holes that are distributed on the same circumference on the described mould, five forming holes align with feed system, precompressed drift, drift, brick output push rod and clout loopback mechanism in turn, feed system is to the forming hole feed of mould, the precompressed drift stretches in the forming hole material is carried out precompressed, drift stretches in the forming hole material is pressed into licks brick, the brick output push rod stretches in the forming hole, to lick brick and release on the output system, clout loopback mechanism is connected with forming hole and with in the clout molding hole.
Owing to adopted said structure, five forming holes are set on the mould, mould with respect to four holes, the forming hole of setting up mainly aligns with clout loopback mechanism more, clout loopback mechanism is sent to clout in the forming hole, this forming hole of setting up is positioned at the forming hole that aligns with the brick output push rod, between forming hole that feed system is connected, clout can be repeated to be pressed into brick, avoid waste, on the same circumference that the forming hole that aligns with clout loopback mechanism simultaneously and other forming hole are distributed in mould, feed system is to the forming hole feed of mould, the precompressed drift stretches in the forming hole material is carried out precompressed, drift stretches in the forming hole material is pressed into licks brick, the brick output push rod stretches in the forming hole, will lick brick and release on the output system, and clout loopback mechanism is connected with forming hole and with in the clout molding hole, the use that guarantees whole mould is more reasonable, less waste.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, described feed system comprises loading hopper, outlet at loading hopper is provided with the baffle plate of being controlled by electromagentic switching apparatus, below the outlet of loading hopper, be provided with the scale hopper by overturning drive device control, the bottom of described scale hopper is provided with pressure sensor, described scale hopper is positioned at the forming hole top of mould and aligns with this forming hole, and the below of this forming hole is provided with the position travel switch; Wherein electromagentic switching apparatus is connected to the PLC controller, and described PLC controller is to the electromagentic switching apparatus transfer control signal, and opens and closes by electromagentic switching apparatus control baffle plate; Overturning drive device is connected to the PLC controller, and described PLC controller is to the overturning drive device transfer control signal, and the upset by overturning drive device control scale hopper with reset; Pressure sensor is connected to the PLC controller, and described pressure sensor detects suffered gravity in the scale hopper, and to PLC controller transmission of pressure signal; The position travel switch is connected to the PLC controller, and described position travel switch detects the position of mould charging hole, and transmits position signalling to the PLC controller.
Owing to adopted said structure, loading hopper is mainly used in charging, and scale hopper feed downwards, outlet at loading hopper is provided with baffle plate, this baffle plate can be used for the switching of control loading hopper outlet, and wherein this baffle plate is mainly by electromagentic switching apparatus control, and electromagentic switching apparatus is connected to and controlled by it on the PLC controller, therefore the PLC controller can be controlled electromagentic switching apparatus and makes baffle plate realize opening and closing, and whether finally controls the charging of loading hopper; Below the outlet of loading hopper, be provided with the scale hopper, this scale hopper is mainly used in accurate weighing feed and the quantitatively charging of feed, therefore just need to be provided with pressure sensor in scale hopper bottom, be used for measuring feed and whether enter into the scale hopper, when feed enters into the scale hopper, pressure sensor is to PLC controller transmission of pressure signal, the PLC controller is received after the pressure signal, with the force value of paying close attention in the pressure sensor, if the PLC controller detects force value when reaching predetermined value, the PLC controller can send control signal to electromagentic switching apparatus, with the port closing of baffle plate with loading hopper; The scale hopper is connected with overturning drive device, and control its upset and reset by overturning drive device, wherein overturning drive device is connected on the PLC controller, the PLC controller is to the overturning drive device transfer control signal, make the upset of overturning drive device control scale hopper and reset, the scale hopper is arranged at the forming hole top of mould simultaneously, mould can rotate, can go to the below of scale hopper when the forming hole of mould, and can align with the scale hopper, simultaneously below the forming hole of mould, be provided with the position travel switch, the position travel switch is connected on the PLC controller, the position travel switch is mainly for detection of the forming hole position of mould, when the forming hole of mould turns to the below of scale hopper, touching the position travel switch does not rotate the forming hole of mould, the position travel switch transmits position signalling to the PLC controller, the PLC controller is controlled simultaneously overturning drive device and is made the upset of scale hopper at this moment, feed in the scale hopper is poured in the forming hole of mould, simultaneously in the PLC controller, be provided with timer, artificial setting-up time, be used for limiting the flip-flop transition of scale hopper, when the scale hopper is finished down, the PLC controller sends control signal to overturning drive device, the scale hopper is resetted, the forming hole of the mould of this moment can be rotated further licks the brick pressing process, and the automatic ration fill process is also just finished.Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, simple in structure, easy and simple to handle, the qualification rate of product is high, and it is even to lick brick weight, and it is stable to be shaped, can reduce production costs, be convenient to packing and sell, solved especially feed system can not with the technical problem of automation equipment corollary system production, can provide quantitatively and lick brick, so that the feed supply size evenly, greatly alleviate the labour, improved production efficiency, and good looking appearance.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, the bottom of described scale hopper also is provided with the weight travel switch, described weight travel switch is connected to the PLC controller, and described weight travel switch detects suffered gravity in the scale hopper, and transmits the loading signal to the PLC controller.
Owing to adopted said structure; be provided with the weight travel switch in the bottom of scale hopper; can preset according to quality of the fodder the position of weight travel switch; as the weight travel switch is adjusted to 5.0-6.5Kg; can preset the weight in the scale hopper; thereby carry out quantitatively the supply of feed; realize the quantification of feed; precision is supplied with; the brick forcing press intelligence quantitative feeding system of licking of the present utility model is different from the weight feed of common pellet; common pellet is graininess; good fluidity; its weighing is also just comparatively convenient; and in the utility model for the prescription feed; mainly be the materials such as forage; its out-of-shape; poor fluidity; therefore also just relatively poor to the effect of its quantitative weighing; and be not easy to control weight feed; the utility model is just for out-of-shapes such as forages, and the feed of poor fluidity sets, and having solved traditional forage feed can not quantification; the problem that automation is supplied with; thereby be convenient to the integrated production of scale, and the brick forcing press intelligence quantitative feeding system of licking of the present utility model, simple in structure; easy and simple to handle; improved production efficiency, the qualification rate of product is high, and it is even to lick brick weight; it is stable to be shaped, and can reduce production costs.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, described electromagentic switching apparatus comprises return spring, magnetic valve and the second relay, described magnetic valve is connected with baffle plate, and the control baffle plate is opened, described magnetic valve is connected on the second relay, and described the second relay is connected on the PLC controller and controlled by it; Described return spring connects baffle plate and exports in loading hopper, and the closure of control baffle plate and loading hopper outlet.
Owing to adopted said structure, magnetic valve is connected with baffle plate, mainly is opening for the control baffle plate, when needs are opened baffle plate, only need to the magnetic valve energising, larger magnetic force occurs to baffle plate in magnetic valve in the situation of energising, baffle plate is held, thereby baffle plate is opened, this magnetic valve also have one the effect be exactly with the material absorbings such as iron core in the forage feed to magnetic valve, avoid entering into the scale hopper, be pressed into and lick in the brick, avoid livestock is damaged; Be connected with return spring at baffle plate, return spring can automatically be pulled back baffle plate to loading hopper and be exported, when the magnetic valve no power, baffle plate only is subject to being repositioned to loading hopper under the active force of return spring and closes, when magnetic valve is switched on, baffle plate is held by magnetic valve, and return spring is elongated, and baffle plate is produced screen resilience.Magnetic valve is connected on the second relay, described the second relay is connected on the PLC controller and controlled by it, therefore the PLC controller sends control signal to the second relay, and the power supply by the second Control magnetic valve whether, finally realizes control that baffle plate is opened and closed.The utility model can automatically be controlled the switching of baffle plate, realizes the automatic control to the loading hopper charging, can realize automation and intelligent control, reduces labour intensity.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, described overturning drive device comprises motor and the first relay, described Motor Control scale hopper overturns and resets, and described motor is connected on the first relay, and described the first relay is connected on the PLC controller and controlled by it.
Owing to adopted said structure, overturning drive device is mainly controlled the upset of scale hopper by motor by rope and is resetted, and when the motor main story, drives rope the feed in the scale hopper is poured out in the upset of scale hopper; When motor reversal, the scale hopper resets; The rotating of motor mainly transforms realization by the electrode of the first relay, and the first relay is connected on the PLC controller, controlled the motor of the first relay conversion motor by PLC, thereby realize the control to the rotating of motor, final realize to the upset of scale hopper with reset, so the utility model upset that can automatically control the scale hopper with reset, realize the automatic control to scale hopper feed, can realize automation and intelligent control, reduce labour intensity.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, described transmission adopted power motor flywheel driven, flywheel drives an axle and rotates, one axle drives two axles by gear drive and rotates, two axles rotate by gear driven three axles and four axles, three axles rotate by gear driven five axles, five axles drive the output system operation, wherein clout loopback mechanism is installed on the axle, described three axle drivening rod in the vertical direction back and forth movements, be connected with tooth fan driver plate on described four axles, the limit section of described mould is provided with the gear teeth, and is intermeshing between tooth fan driver plate and the mould.
Owing to adopted said structure, this transmission system mainly drives the geared rotor system that cooperatively interacts by power motor, wherein the driven by motor flywheel rotates storage power, flywheel drives an axle and rotates, driving simultaneously clout loopback mechanism rotates, one axle rotates by gear driven two axles, two axles drive three axles and four axles rotate, four axles drive five axles, three axle drivening rod in the vertical direction back and forth movements, thereby drive sliding beam in the vertical direction and come and go operation, supplied materials is pressed into brick, five axles drive the shaped brick output mechanism, shaped brick is transferred out, be connected with tooth fan driver plate at four axles, tooth is fanned the sector structure that presents of driver plate, is provided with the gear teeth in fan-shaped arc-shaped side section, simultaneously be provided with the gear teeth in the limit of mould section, intermeshing between tooth fan driver plate and the mould, so that tooth fan driver plate rotates a week, drive mould and rotate, and the position of rotating just is the distance between the forming hole, also be that tooth fan driver plate rotates a week, forming hole moves a position, and sliding beam moves down once, drift, precompressed drift and brick output push rod stretch in the forming hole once, be pressed into the operation of brick and brick output, so that whole process is carried out continuously, production efficiency is high.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, the below of described mould is provided with pressure detection mechanism, described pressure detection mechanism comprises pressure sensor, described pressure sensor aligns with drift, detect the force value that drift is depressed into minimum point, described pressure sensor is connected on the PLC controller, is connected with the Pressure gauge that shows pressure on the described PLC controller.
Owing to adopted said structure, below drift, be provided with pressure sensor, mainly for detection of when drift is pressed onto minimum point, lick the suffered force value in brick bottom, pressure sensor with pressure signal transmission to the PLC controller, the PLC controller converts pressure signal to digital signal transfers to Pressure gauge, and in Pressure gauge, manifest, lick the suffered force value of brick thereby can accurately detect, and can be according to the size of the force value that manifests, adjust drift to the feed applied pressure, thereby be applicable to the processing of different feeds, applied widely, and can detect the moulding of licking brick according to force value, the density of guaranteeing to lick brick is large, and hardness is high.
In sum, owing to adopted technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, brick four column press of licking of the present utility model are simple in structure, easy and simple to handle, easy to use, and pressure is sufficient, big or small homogeneous, and balanced weight, with low cost, be fit to apply.
2, brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, feed system adopts the automation feed system, has solved to lick brick feed inequality, make after the compacting to lick brick not of uniform size, the technical problem of weight inequality can provide the pressure of 300KN simultaneously, make extrusion to lick brick density large, hardness is high;
3, brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, polylith are licked brick and suppressed simultaneously, and production efficiency is high, has reduced cost, are convenient to packing, and are applied widely, are fit to apply.
Description of drawings
The utility model will illustrate by example and with reference to the mode of accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of licking brick four column press of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the A-A profile in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the sketch of injection system in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is feed system sketch in the utility model.
Mark among the figure: 1-shaped brick output band, 2-clout loopback band, 3-belt pulley, 4-power motor, the 5-flywheel, 6-one axle is cut dish, and the 7-flywheel is cut dish, the 8-mould, 9-oil pipe shower nozzle, 10-brick output push rod, 11-oil spout tube head, 12-column, the 13-material feeding box, 14-precompressed drift, 15-oil pipe, 16-brush plate, the 17-top cover, the sliding beam of 18-, 19-connecting rod, 20-drift, the 21-pressure sensor, 22-Pressure gauge, 23-one axle, 24-two axles, 25-three axles, 26-four axles, 27-five axles, 29-tooth fan driver plate, 30-charging hole, 31-fine cleaner, the 32-fuel tank, 33-makes up filter screen, 34-overflow valve, the 35-hand control valve, 36-pump, 37-motor, the 38-loading hopper, 39-baffle plate, 40-return spring, the 41-motor, 42-scale hopper, 43-weight travel switch, the 44-pressure sensor, 45-mould material feeding box, 46-position travel switch, the 47-magnetic valve, 48-the first relay, 49-the second relay.
The specific embodiment
Disclosed all features in this specification, or the step in disclosed all methods or the process except mutually exclusive feature and/or step, all can make up by any way.
Disclosed arbitrary feature in this specification (comprising any accessory claim, summary and accompanying drawing) is unless special narration all can be replaced by other equivalences or the alternative features with similar purpose.That is, unless special narration, each feature is an example in a series of equivalences or the similar characteristics.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, be arranged at underpart on the transmission system, be provided with four root posts 12 at body, be provided with top cover 17 at the top of column 12, at four root posts, 12 covers sliding beam 18 is arranged, sliding beam 18 can move up and down with respect to column 12, the two ends of sliding beam 18 are connected with connecting rod 19, described connecting rod 19 be connected in three axles 25 on belt pulley 3, when three axles 25 drive this belt pulley 3 rotation, connecting rod drives sliding beam 18 in the vertical directions and comes and goes operation, be connected with precompressed drift 14 at sliding beam 18, drift 20 and brick output push rod 10, precompressed drift 14, the length of drift 20 and brick output push rod 10 differs, and all with sliding beam 18 move up and down and mobile, below sliding beam 18, be provided with mould 8, this mould 8 is positioned at the middle part of body, and the center of mould 8 is connected on the body, mould 8 is rotated with circle, be evenly equipped with four or five or a plurality of forming hole on the mould 8, when forming hole is four, respectively with feed system, precompressed drift 14, drift 20 is corresponding with brick output push rod 10; When forming hole is five, respectively with feed system, precompressed drift 14, drift 20, brick output push rod 10 is corresponding with the clout send-back system, when mould 8 moves down, precompressed drift 14, drift 20 and brick output push rod 10 can extend in the forming hole, precompressed drift 14 is short than drift 20, therefore can only carry out preliminary precompressed to the supplied materials in the forming hole, and drift 20 since to apply the pressure of 300KN to supplied materials (can be according to actual needs, the dynamics that selection applies, to adapt to the processing of different feeds), therefore be provided with spring on the drift 20 as the buffering rebounding mechanism, termination at drift 20 and brick output push rod 10 is provided with brush plate 16, be provided with oil pipe shower nozzle 9 at brush plate 16, avoid sticking on drift 20 and the brick output push rod 10 of supplied materials, termination at brick output push rod 10 also is provided with oil spout tube head 11, be used for the hole wall oil spout to forming hole, oil spout tube head 11 is connected on the injection system by oil pipe 15 with oil pipe shower nozzle 9, the below of brick output push rod 10 also is provided with shaped brick output and is with 1, described shaped brick output is with 1 by 27 drives of five axles, described five axles 27 are driven by three axles 25, three axles 25 and four axles 26 are driven by two axles 24, two axles 24 are because an axle 23 drives, the end of one axle 23 is provided with flywheel 5, be provided with at flywheel 5 places an axle cut the dish 6 and flywheel cut the dish 7, flywheel 5 is driven by power motor 4, wherein when forming hole is five, a unnecessary forming hole place is provided with clout loopback band 2 with the clout input wherein, and clout loopback band 2 is driven by an axle 23.Be provided with the gear teeth on the circumference of mould 8, be connected with tooth fan driver plate 29 on four axles 26, be provided with the gear teeth on the arc-shaped edges of tooth fan driver plate 29, so that tooth fan driver plate 29 is intermeshing with mould 8, when tooth fan driver plate 29 rotates a week, the distance that the mould 8 that drives rotates, just be two distances between the forming hole, when the tooth fan time in 29 one weeks of rotation of driver plate, just come and go the operation times once for sliding beam 18, so that the cooperation between the whole device is quite compact, production efficiency is high.
Embodiment 1
Such as Fig. 1, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4, brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, comprise feed system, lick brick forming machine structure, output system and transmission system, described lick the brick forming machine structure comprise drift 20, precompressed drift 14, brick output push rod 10, by the circular mould 8 of transmission system drives, be connected on four root posts 12 and can and will slide the connecting rod 19 that beam 18 is connected with transmission system at the sliding beam 18 of vertical direction back and forth movement; Be evenly equipped with at least four forming holes on the concentric circumference of described mould 8, can be set to four, five or six or a plurality of forming hole, adopt four forming holes in this example, certainly can arrange as required a plurality of, wherein forming hole respectively with feed system, drift 20, precompressed drift 14 and 10 alignment of brick output push rod, feed system is to the forming hole feed of mould 8, described precompressed drift 14, the bottom of drift 20 and brick output push rod 10 all can be stretched in the forming hole, and its top all is connected on the sliding beam 18 with its motion, end, bottom at drift 20 and brick output push rod 10 is provided with brush plate 16, be provided with oil pipe shower nozzle 9 on the described brush plate 16, be provided with oil spout tube head 11 on the termination, bottom of described brick output push rod 10, described oil spout tube head 11 and oil pipe shower nozzle 9 are connected on the injection system by oil pipe 15; Described injection system comprises fuel tank 32, described oil spout tube head 11 and oil pipe shower nozzle 9 are connected to the bottom of fuel tank 32 by oil pipe 15, the mouth of pipe place of described oil pipe 15 is provided with fie screen 31, be provided with the pump 36 that is driven by motor 37 on the described oil pipe 15, the outlet of pump 36 also is connected in fuel tank 32 by overflow valve 34, the oil filler of fuel tank 32 is equipped with combination filter screen 33, also is provided with hand control valve 35 on oil pipe 15; The below of described brick output push rod 10 is provided with output system, and described output system is positioned at the forming hole below of mould 8.
Described feed system comprises loading hopper 38, outlet at loading hopper 38 is provided with the baffle plate 39 of being controlled by electromagentic switching apparatus, described electromagentic switching apparatus comprises return spring 40, magnetic valve 47 and the second relay 49, described magnetic valve 47 is connected with baffle plate 39, and control baffle plate 39 is opened, described magnetic valve 47 is connected on the second relay 49, and described the second relay 49 is connected on the PLC controller and controlled by it; Described return spring 40 connects baffle plate 39 in loading hopper 38 outlets, and the closure of control baffle plate 39 and loading hopper 38 outlets; Below the outlet of loading hopper 38, be provided with the scale hopper 42 by overturning drive device control, the bottom of described scale hopper 42 is provided with pressure sensor 43, the bottom of described scale hopper 42 also is provided with weight travel switch 43, described weight travel switch 43 is connected to the PLC controller, described weight travel switch 43 detects scale hopper 42 interior suffered gravity, and transmits the loading signal to the PLC controller; Described scale hopper 42 is positioned at forming hole (the being hole 1) top of mould 8 and aligns with this forming hole, and the below of this forming hole (being hole 1) is provided with position travel switch 46; Wherein electromagentic switching apparatus is connected to the PLC controller, and described PLC controller is to the electromagentic switching apparatus transfer control signal, and opens and closes by electromagentic switching apparatus control baffle plate 39; Overturning drive device is connected to the PLC controller, described PLC controller is to the overturning drive device transfer control signal, and the upset by overturning drive device control scale hopper 42 with reset, described overturning drive device comprises motor 41 and the first relay 48, described motor 41 control scale hoppers 42 overturn and reset, described motor 41 is connected on the first relay 48, and described the first relay 48 is connected on the PLC controller and controlled by it; Pressure sensor 43 is connected to the PLC controller, and described pressure sensor 43 detects scale hopper 42 interior suffered gravity, and to PLC controller transmission of pressure signal; Position travel switch 46 is connected to the PLC controller, and described position travel switch 46 detects the position of mould charging hole 45, and transmits position signalling to the PLC controller.The below of described mould 8 is provided with pressure detection mechanism, described pressure detection mechanism comprises pressure sensor 21, described pressure sensor 21 aligns with drift 20, detect the force value that drift 20 is depressed into minimum point, described pressure sensor 21 is connected on the PLC controller, be connected with the Pressure gauge 22 that shows pressure on the described PLC controller, this Pressure gauge 22 demonstrates the impulsive force of 20 pairs of feeds of drift, because the shape and structure of different forages or different to the degree of tightness requirement of adding brick, therefore need the impulsive force of 20 pairs of forages of drift also can be different, so adjust the impulsive force of 20 pairs of forages of drift, and from Pressure gauge 22, show, be convenient to accurately control 20 pairs of forage applied pressures of drift.Described transmission adopted power motor 41 flywheel drivens 5, flywheel drives an axle 23 and rotates, one axle 23 drives two axles 24 by gear drive and rotates, two axles 24 rotate by gear driven three axles 25 and four axles 26, three axles 25 rotate by gear driven five axles 27, five axles 27 drive the output system operation, wherein said three axles, 25 drivening rods, 19 in the vertical direction back and forth movements, be connected with tooth fan driver plate 29 on described four axles 26, the limit section of described dish 8 is provided with the gear teeth, and is intermeshing between tooth fan driver plate 29 and the mould.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 2, embodiment 2 is on the basis of embodiment 1, be provided with five forming holes that are distributed on the same circumference on the described mould 8, five forming holes in turn with feed system, precompressed drift 14, drift 20 brick output push rods 10 and 2 alignment of clout loopback mechanism, feed system is to the forming hole feed of mould 8, precompressed drift 14 stretches in the forming hole material is carried out precompressed, drift 20 stretches in the forming hole material is pressed into licks brick, brick output push rod 10 stretches in the forming hole, to lick brick and release on the output system, clout loopback mechanism 2 is connected with forming hole and with in the clout molding hole.Described transmission adopted power motor 41 flywheel drivens 5, flywheel drives an axle 23 and rotates, one axle 23 drives two axles 24 by gear drive and rotates, two axles 24 rotate by gear driven three axles 25 and four axles 26, three axles 25 rotate by gear driven five axles 27, five axles 27 drive the output system operation, wherein clout loopback mechanism 2 is installed on the axle 23, described three axles, 25 drivening rods, 19 in the vertical direction back and forth movements, be connected with tooth fan driver plate 29 on described four axles 26, the limit section of described dish 8 is provided with the gear teeth, and is intermeshing between tooth fan driver plate 29 and the mould.
Brick four column press of licking of the present utility model, when power motor 4 startups, flywheel driven 5 rotates, four axles 26 are rotated, and four axles 26 drive tooth fan driver plate 29 and rotate, and tooth fan driver plate 29 drives mould 8 by intermittently-driving and rotates, when mould 8 forwarded hole 1 to, the position travel switch 46 at 1 place, hole was opened, scale hopper 42 Tiltings, batch turning is complete, tooth fan driver plate 29 rotates a circle, and mould 8 rotates, and arrives 4 places, hole, sliding beam 18 moves down once, and 14 precompressed of precompressed drift once; Tooth fan driver plate 29 rotates a circle, and mould 8 is rotated further, and arrives 5 places, hole, and sliding beam 18 moves down once, and drift 20 is finished compacting, and pressure reaches 300KN; Tooth fan driver plate 29 rotates a circle, mould 8 forwards 3 places, hole to, sliding beam 18 moves down once, brick output push rod 10 send the brick of licking of moulding on shaped brick conveyer belt 1, whole like this process has just been finished, tooth fan driver plate 29 rotates a circle, and mould 8 turns to hole 2, the clout that is scattered on the mould 8, drop on the clout loopback band 2, in the clout loopback with holes 2, tooth fan driver plate 29 rotates a circle, and mould 8 is rotated further to the hole that 1 place carries out the lower whorl operation, in this process, brick of every moulding, brush plate 16 all can clean drift 20 base plates, and brick output push rod 10 working in reciprocating mode once, oil spout is carried out to the wall of the forming hole on the mould 8 in the capital, make and lick brick and do not stick at inwall, affect outward appearance, and automatic feed system can be controlled the quality of charging, make produce lick brick size homogeneous, ratio of briquetting is high, has improved production efficiency, has reduced production cost.
The utility model is not limited to the aforesaid specific embodiment.The utility model expands to any new feature or any new combination that discloses in this manual, and the arbitrary new method that discloses or step or any new combination of process.

Claims (10)

1. lick brick four column press for one kind, it is characterized in that: it comprises feed system, licks brick forming machine structure, output system and transmission system, described lick the brick forming machine structure comprise drift (20), precompressed drift (14), brick output push rod (10), by the circular mould (8) of transmission system drives, be connected on four root posts (12) and can and will slide the connecting rod (19) that beam (18) is connected with transmission system at the sliding beam (18) of vertical direction back and forth movement; Be evenly equipped with at least four forming holes on the concentric circumference of described mould (8), wherein forming hole aligns with feed system, drift (20), precompressed drift (14) and brick output push rod (10) respectively, feed system is to the forming hole feed of mould (8), the bottom of described precompressed drift (14), drift (20) and brick output push rod (10) all can be stretched in the forming hole, and its top all is connected to sliding beam (18) upward with its motion, the below of described brick output push rod (10) is provided with output system, and described output system is positioned at the forming hole below of mould (8).
2. brick four column press of licking as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the end, bottom at drift (20) and brick output push rod (10) is provided with brush plate (16), be provided with oil pipe shower nozzle (9) on the described brush plate (16), be provided with oil spout tube head (11) on the termination, bottom of described brick output push rod (10), described oil spout tube head (11) and oil pipe shower nozzle (9) are connected on the injection system by oil pipe (15).
3. brick four column press of licking as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described injection system comprises fuel tank (32), described oil spout tube head (11) and oil pipe shower nozzle (9) are connected to the bottom of fuel tank (32) by oil pipe (15), the mouth of pipe place of described oil pipe (15) is provided with fie screen (31), be provided with the pump (36) that is driven by motor (37) on the described oil pipe (15), the outlet of pump (36) also is connected in fuel tank (32) by overflow valve (34), the oil filler of fuel tank (32) is equipped with combination filter screen (33), also is provided with hand control valve (35) on oil pipe (15).
4. brick four column press of licking as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with five forming holes that are distributed on the same circumference on the described mould (8), five forming holes in turn with feed system, precompressed drift (14), drift (20) brick output push rod (10) and clout loopback mechanism (2) alignment, feed system is to the forming hole feed of mould (8), precompressed drift (14) stretches in the forming hole material is carried out precompressed, drift (20) stretches in the forming hole material is pressed into licks brick, brick output push rod (10) stretches in the forming hole, to lick brick and release on the output system, clout loopback mechanism (2) is connected with forming hole and with in the clout molding hole.
5. such as described brick four column press of licking of one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: described feed system comprises loading hopper (38), outlet at loading hopper (38) is provided with the baffle plate (39) of being controlled by electromagentic switching apparatus, outlet below at loading hopper (38) is provided with the scale hopper (42) of being controlled by overturning drive device, the bottom of described scale hopper (42) is provided with pressure sensor (43), described scale hopper (42) is positioned at the forming hole top of mould (8) and aligns with this forming hole, and the below of this forming hole is provided with position travel switch (46);
Wherein electromagentic switching apparatus is connected to the PLC controller, and described PLC controller is to the electromagentic switching apparatus transfer control signal, and opens and closes by electromagentic switching apparatus control baffle plate (39);
Overturning drive device is connected to the PLC controller, and described PLC controller is to the overturning drive device transfer control signal, and the upset by overturning drive device control scale hopper (42) with reset;
Pressure sensor (43) is connected to the PLC controller, and described pressure sensor (43) detects suffered gravity in the scale hopper (42), and to PLC controller transmission of pressure signal;
Position travel switch (46) is connected to the PLC controller, and described position travel switch (46) detects the position of mould charging hole (45), and transmits position signalling to the PLC controller.
6. brick four column press of licking as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described scale hopper (42) also is provided with weight travel switch (43), described weight travel switch (43) is connected to the PLC controller, described weight travel switch (43) detects suffered gravity in the scale hopper (42), and transmits the loading signal to the PLC controller.
7. brick four column press of licking as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described electromagentic switching apparatus comprises return spring (40), magnetic valve (47) and the second relay (49), described magnetic valve (47) is connected with baffle plate (39), and control baffle plate (39) is opened, described magnetic valve (47) is connected on the second relay (49), and described the second relay (49) is connected on the PLC controller and controlled by it; Described return spring (40) connects baffle plate (39) in loading hopper (38) outlet, and the closure of control baffle plate (39) and loading hopper (38) outlet.
8. brick four column press of licking as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described overturning drive device comprises motor (41) and the first relay (48), described motor (41) control scale hopper (42) overturns and resets, described motor (41) is connected on the first relay (48), and described the first relay (48) is connected on the PLC controller and controlled by it.
9. such as claim 4 or 6 or 7 or 8 described brick four column press of licking, it is characterized in that: described transmission adopted power motor (41) flywheel driven (5), flywheel drives an axle (23) and rotates, one axle (23) drives two axles (24) by gear drive and rotates, two axles (24) rotate by gear driven three axles (25) and four axles (26), three axles (25) rotate by gear driven five axles (27), five axles (27) drive the output system operation, wherein clout loopback mechanism (2) is installed on the axle (23), described three axles (25) drivening rods (19) in the vertical direction back and forth movement, be connected with tooth fan driver plate (29) on described four axles (26), the limit section of described dish (8) is provided with the gear teeth, and is intermeshing between tooth fan driver plate (29) and the mould.
10. such as claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 6 or 7 or 8 described brick four column press of licking, it is characterized in that: the below of described mould (8) is provided with pressure detection mechanism, described pressure detection mechanism comprises pressure sensor (21), described pressure sensor (21) aligns with drift (20), detect the force value that drift (20) is depressed into minimum point, described pressure sensor (21) is connected on the PLC controller, is connected with the Pressure gauge (22) that shows pressure on the described PLC controller.
CN 201220482846 2012-09-21 2012-09-21 Block four-column press machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN202800088U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220482846 CN202800088U (en) 2012-09-21 2012-09-21 Block four-column press machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102845818A (en) * 2012-09-21 2013-01-02 四川农业大学 Block four-column pressing machine
CN110788964A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-02-14 宿州市众力保温节能材料股份有限公司 Heated board compression moulding equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102845818A (en) * 2012-09-21 2013-01-02 四川农业大学 Block four-column pressing machine
CN102845818B (en) * 2012-09-21 2015-04-29 四川农业大学 Block four-column pressing machine
CN110788964A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-02-14 宿州市众力保温节能材料股份有限公司 Heated board compression moulding equipment

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CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Zhang Lihua

Inventor after: Wang Zhisheng

Inventor after: Lai Hailiu

Inventor after: Deng Qiguo

Inventor after: Zhou Aimin

Inventor before: Zhang Lihua

Inventor before: Wang Zhisheng

Inventor before: Lai Hailiu

Inventor before: Deng Qiguo

Inventor before: Zhou Aiming

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: ZHANG LIHUA WANG ZHISHENG LAI HAILIU DENG QIGUO ZHOU AIMING TO: ZHANG LIHUA WANG ZHISHENG LAI HAILIU DENG QIGUO ZHOU AIMIN

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130320

Effective date of abandoning: 20150429