CN202688979U - Integral monitoring system of foundation pit under construction - Google Patents

Integral monitoring system of foundation pit under construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202688979U
CN202688979U CN 201220302538 CN201220302538U CN202688979U CN 202688979 U CN202688979 U CN 202688979U CN 201220302538 CN201220302538 CN 201220302538 CN 201220302538 U CN201220302538 U CN 201220302538U CN 202688979 U CN202688979 U CN 202688979U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
processor
data
building
foundation ditch
mapping
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220302538
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李明峰
高乔明
梁新华
吉文来
王玉国
王永明
檀丁
严立
Original Assignee
南京工业大学
南京市建筑安装工程质量监督站
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Application filed by 南京工业大学, 南京市建筑安装工程质量监督站 filed Critical 南京工业大学
Priority to CN 201220302538 priority Critical patent/CN202688979U/en
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Publication of CN202688979U publication Critical patent/CN202688979U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integral monitoring system of a foundation pit under construction, and the system comprises a plurality of electronic surveying and mapping instruments, a plurality of rock-soil sensors, a data signal converter, a processor and a server; all the electronic surveying and mapping instruments and the rock-soil sensors are respectively used for acquiring all corresponding data in the foundation pit under construction; the signal output ends of all the electronic surveying and mapping instruments are connected with the corresponding signal input ends of the processor; the signal output ends of all the rock-soil sensors are connected with the corresponding signal input ends of the processor through the data signal converter; and the signal output end of the processor is wirelessly connected with the server of a remote control center. According to the integral monitoring system of the foundation pit under construction, various foundation pit monitoring equipment can be compatible, various foundation pit monitoring projects are covered, so that the integration of electronic surveying and mapping instrument as well as rock-soil sensor monitoring can be realized, the integration of data acquisition, processing and analysis can be realized, monitoring results can be acquired on site in real time, the safety status quo can be evaluated in time, the system structure is simple, the operation is convenient, the cost is low, the operation is high-efficiency, the automation degree is high, and the practicality is high.

Description

Building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System

Technical field

The utility model relates to the geotechnical engineering field, the monitoring system during especially base pit engineering is built, and what be specifically related to is to build the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System.

Background technology

Along with the quickening of urbanization process, for solving the problems such as architectural space is crowded, traffic route blocks up, continue to increase take tall building foundation, basement, subway station, open trench tunnel etc. as main base pit engineering building size and the degree of depth.Because foundation ditch internal construction and surrounding enviroment are complicated and changeable, the ground distortion exists uncertain, in work progress, must carry out system, long-term deformation monitoring to base pit engineering, and the deformation observation amount fed back and rational analysis timely, guarantee stability and the safety of foundation ditch in the process of building.

According to the type of monitoring equipment, pit retaining monitoring mainly comprises instrument of surveying and mapping monitoring (such as the level/vertical displacement of foundation pit enclosure structure top, foundation ditch peripheral path and building vertical displacement etc.) and ground Sensor monitoring (such as deep horizontal displacement, Internal force of support structure, soil pressure, groundwater table etc.).Have the characteristics such as content is many, data volume is large building pit retaining monitoring, only have regularly to gather in time and process monitored data, could effectively the foundation ditch safe condition be analyzed and predict.

For building base pit engineering, generally it is carried out the periodicity monitoring, take the factors such as site environment, equipment cost, monitoring frequency into account, be difficult to generally adopt the auto monitoring and measurement system, most traditional modes that still adopt field operation artificial observation record, the manual typing of interior industry to calculate can not reach the requirement of Real-Time Monitoring.This monitoring method is separated data acquisition and work for the treatment of, can't check in real time data accuracy and evaluate engineering safety, has the problems such as inefficiencies, hysteresis quality, has limited to a certain extent the effect that monitored data should be brought into play in the Modern Information based construction.Therefore, be necessary to study monitored data integral collecting and the treatment system that satisfies building foundation ditch particular surroundings demand.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is for building base pit engineering, and the traditional mode that usually adopts field operation artificial observation record, the manual typing of interior industry to calculate can not reach the problem of Real-Time Monitoring, proposes a kind ofly building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System.The utility model is based on engineering measuring technology, sensor technology, computer technology and network communications technology, compatible electronic instrument of surveying and mapping and ground sensor only need a small amount of manpower can realize multiple monitoring project data acquisition, record, processing, analysis, warning and transmission.

The technical solution of the utility model is:

A kind ofly building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System, it comprises a plurality of electronics instrument of surveying and mappings, a plurality of ground sensors, data-signal converter, processor and the server that places remote control center, described a plurality of electronics instrument of surveying and mapping and a plurality of ground sensor are arranged at respectively to be monitored in building foundation ditch, each electronics instrument of surveying and mapping and ground sensor are captured in respectively every corresponding data of building in the foundation ditch, the signal output part of each electronics instrument of surveying and mapping links to each other with the respective signal input of processor, the signal output part of each ground sensor links to each other with the respective signal input of processor by data-signal converter, the server wireless connections of the signal output part of described processor and remote control center.

Processor of the present utility model is PDA, comprises data acquisition module, Treatment Analysis module and remote transmission module.

Electronics instrument of surveying and mapping of the present utility model comprises level gauge and total powerstation.

Ground sensor of the present utility model is inclinometer, stressometer, pressure cell, strain meter or water-level gauge.

Be connected by data wire or bluetooth between the respective signal input of the signal output part of each electronics instrument of surveying and mapping of the present utility model and processor.

Be connected by cable clamp between the signal output part of each ground sensor of the present utility model and the data-signal converter, be connected by data wire between the signal output part of data-signal converter and the processor.

The beneficial effects of the utility model:

The utility model adopts said system to carry out building pit retaining monitoring, compare with existing traditional mode and to possess following advantage: compatible multiclass pit retaining monitoring equipment, contain multiple pit retaining monitoring project, the data acquisition of collection pit retaining monitoring, Treatment Analysis, the functions such as remote transmission are in one, can realize the integrated of electronics instrument of surveying and mapping and ground Sensor monitoring, data acquisition and Treatment Analysis integrated, Real-time Obtaining Monitoring Result at the scene, in time evaluate security status, system architecture is simple, simple operation, with low cost, operation is efficient, automaticity is high, and is practical.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is theory diagram of the present utility model.

Fig. 2 is operational flow diagram of the present utility model.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further described.

As shown in Figure 1, a kind ofly building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System, it comprises a plurality of electronics instrument of surveying and mapping (level gauges, total powerstation), a plurality of ground sensor (inclinometers, stressometer, pressure cell, strain meter, water-level gauge etc.), data-signal converter, processor (adopt PDA) and place the server of remote control center, described a plurality of electronics instrument of surveying and mapping and a plurality of ground sensor are arranged at respectively to be monitored in building foundation ditch, each electronics instrument of surveying and mapping and ground sensor are captured in respectively every corresponding data of building in the foundation ditch, the signal output part of each electronics instrument of surveying and mapping links to each other with the respective signal input of processor, the signal output part of each ground sensor links to each other with the respective signal input of processor by data-signal converter, the server wireless connections of the signal output part of described processor and remote control center.

Utilize data wire or bluetooth that the electronics instrument of surveying and mapping is connected with PDA, send by data acquisition module and measure instruction, and receive in real time the observation character string of returning, after information extraction, obtain effective monitor value.

The sensor data signal converter is born the mutual conversion of ground sensor physical signalling and PDA data signal, signal adapter one end is connected with ground sensor output by cable clamp, the other end is connected with PDA through data wire, after data acquisition module sends the measurement instruction, signal adapter transfers data signal to physical signalling, excite the ground sensor to reply, signal adapter transfers it to data signal again and reaches PDA after receiving the physical signalling that the ground sensor returns.

After the monitored data collection was complete, the Treatment Analysis module was finished the scene of Monitoring Result and is calculated, and in time evaluates the foundation ditch security status, and the super alarming value period of prompting, realized that the interior field process of pit retaining monitoring is integrated.

After the monitored data passed examination, the remote transmission module is sent to server backup by GPRS with data file, for comprehensive statistics analysis, monitoring report generation etc. provides the basis.

After finishing all reference points, operating point and layout of the monitoring points work according to the pit retaining monitoring scheme, newly-built monitoring works in PDA at first, the information such as typing engineering name, laying period, monitoring personnel, distortion alarming value, carry out on this basis the work of periodicity pit retaining monitoring, as shown in Figure 2, may further comprise the steps building the integrated monitoring technology flow process of foundation ditch based on of the present utility model:

The first step: select current project to be monitored, the parameter information (monitoring issue, time weather, instrument port etc.) of projects is set;

Second step: sort out according to the instrument that monitoring project adopts, gather successively each data of monitoring point, subitem is saved among the PDA;

The 3rd step: after current each monitoring project data acquisition is complete, respectively every data are processed, comprised that vertical displacement monitoring point vertical adjustment is calculated, horizontal displacement monitoring point planar offset is found the solution, sensor frequency data and ess-strain conversion etc.;

The 4th step: the assessment of data processing accuracy, if do not meet the demands, then go to second step, the defective monitoring project of precision is resurveyed, otherwise gone to for the 5th step;

The 5th step: judge whether current monitoring is initial measurement, if, then went to for the 8th step, directly store and transmit current monitored data and process achievement, otherwise went to for the 6th step;

The 6th step: the last Outcome Document that reads in each monitoring project, process achievement in conjunction with current monitored data, analyze the current distortion index in each monitoring point, comprise current variable quantity, current rate of change, accumulative total variable quantity etc., and automatically determine whether super alarming value, if then go to Qi Walk, otherwise went to for the 8th step;

The 7th step: in time monitoring project and the position of super alarming value appears in feedback, searches reason, and takes safety measures, and avoids accident to occur;

The 8th step: store current each monitoring project analysis results, data file is passed through the GPRS remote transmission to server backup.

The utility model does not relate to partly all, and the prior art that maybe can adopt same as the prior art is realized.

Claims (6)

1. building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System for one kind, it is characterized in that it comprises a plurality of electronics instrument of surveying and mappings, a plurality of ground sensors, data-signal converter, processor and the server that places remote control center, described a plurality of electronics instrument of surveying and mapping and a plurality of ground sensor are arranged at respectively to be monitored in building foundation ditch, each electronics instrument of surveying and mapping and ground sensor are captured in respectively every corresponding data of building in the foundation ditch, the signal output part of each electronics instrument of surveying and mapping links to each other with the respective signal input of processor, the signal output part of each ground sensor links to each other with the respective signal input of processor by data-signal converter, the server wireless connections of the signal output part of described processor and remote control center.
2. according to claim 1ly build the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System, it is characterized in that described processor is PDA, comprising data acquisition module, Treatment Analysis module and remote transmission module.
3. according to claim 1ly building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System, it is characterized in that described electronics instrument of surveying and mapping comprises level gauge and total powerstation.
4. according to claim 1ly building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System, it is characterized in that described ground sensor is inclinometer, stressometer, pressure cell, strain meter or water-level gauge.
5. according to claim 1ly building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System, be connected by data wire or bluetooth between the signal output part that it is characterized in that described each electronics instrument of surveying and mapping and the respective signal input of processor.
6. according to claim 1ly building the foundation ditch Integrated Monitoring System, be connected by cable clamp between the signal output part that it is characterized in that described each ground sensor and the data-signal converter, be connected by data wire between the signal output part of data-signal converter and the processor.
CN 201220302538 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Integral monitoring system of foundation pit under construction CN202688979U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103266616A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-08-28 上海交通大学 Retaining-structure internal-force and risk assessment method and system based on inclinometer data
CN103498665A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 中铁西北科学研究院有限公司深圳南方分院 Linear fixed type wireless deep hole clinometer and deep hole inclination measurement system
CN103643668A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-19 重庆大学 Method for monitoring construction engineering foundation pit
CN104574887A (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-04-29 上海诺司纬光电仪器有限公司 Data transmission method, data transmission device and electronic equipment
CN104596457A (en) * 2013-10-31 2015-05-06 北京科技大学 Automatic monitoring system for remote slope internal displacement
CN105847410A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-10 上海奇核能源科技有限公司 Sponge city GIS intelligent online safety monitoring system and monitoring method
CN106370154A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-02-01 安徽省建筑科学研究设计院 Subway station main body structure support system construction process monitoring system
CN107454093A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-12-08 昆明理工大学 A kind of lab resources sharing method and system
CN109555098A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-04-02 浙江海岸岩土工程技术有限公司 A kind of large size drainage pumping plant deep basal pit in-situ monitoring system

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103266616A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-08-28 上海交通大学 Retaining-structure internal-force and risk assessment method and system based on inclinometer data
CN103266616B (en) * 2013-06-05 2015-04-01 上海交通大学 Retaining-structure internal-force and risk assessment method and system based on inclinometer data
CN103498665A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 中铁西北科学研究院有限公司深圳南方分院 Linear fixed type wireless deep hole clinometer and deep hole inclination measurement system
CN104574887A (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-04-29 上海诺司纬光电仪器有限公司 Data transmission method, data transmission device and electronic equipment
CN104596457A (en) * 2013-10-31 2015-05-06 北京科技大学 Automatic monitoring system for remote slope internal displacement
CN103643668A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-19 重庆大学 Method for monitoring construction engineering foundation pit
CN103643668B (en) * 2013-12-02 2016-03-23 重庆大学 A kind of method of architectural engineering pit monitoring
CN105847410A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-10 上海奇核能源科技有限公司 Sponge city GIS intelligent online safety monitoring system and monitoring method
CN106370154A (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-02-01 安徽省建筑科学研究设计院 Subway station main body structure support system construction process monitoring system
CN107454093A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-12-08 昆明理工大学 A kind of lab resources sharing method and system
CN107454093B (en) * 2017-08-21 2020-05-15 昆明理工大学 Laboratory resource sharing method and system
CN109555098A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-04-02 浙江海岸岩土工程技术有限公司 A kind of large size drainage pumping plant deep basal pit in-situ monitoring system

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Granted publication date: 20130123

Termination date: 20140626