CN203024763U - Construction beam posture monitoring system - Google Patents

Construction beam posture monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203024763U
CN203024763U CN 201220280368 CN201220280368U CN203024763U CN 203024763 U CN203024763 U CN 203024763U CN 201220280368 CN201220280368 CN 201220280368 CN 201220280368 U CN201220280368 U CN 201220280368U CN 203024763 U CN203024763 U CN 203024763U
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data
static
monitoring
transfer assembly
interface
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CN 201220280368
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谢松平
曹毅
俞丽婷
邹常进
王涛
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Hunan Technical College of Railway High Speed
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Hunan Technical College of Railway High Speed
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a construction beam posture monitoring system comprising a measuring system, a data transmission system (3) and a data processing system (4), wherein the measuring system comprises a static water level and a static data acquisition instrument (2); the static water level is arranged on a construction beam; the data transmission system (3) is connected with the measuring system and the data processing system (4) and transmits position or position changing information monitored by the measuring system to the data processing system (4); and the data processing system (4) comprises a computer system and a data processing module, and the data processing module is arranged in the computer system and can be used for processing and analyzing received data. The construction beam posture monitoring system disclosed by the utility model can dynamically monitor the construction beam and a line on the construction beam in real time and has the effect of monitoring the construction beam in real time, so that the working efficiency is greatly improved, and safety accidents are reduced.

Description

The just beam attitude monitoring system of constructing
Technical field
The utility model relates to just beam attitude monitoring system of monitoring system, particularly a kind of construction that just beam sedimentation of a kind of construction, distortion, displacement etc. change.
Background technology
In wired construction, all to first carry out construction protection work, circuit is carried out consolidation process, can reinforcement measure selected according to field condition.Employing is constructed just, and beam is common reinforcement measure in wired construction.For example in railway culvert construction, construct just that beam is to wear the built on stilts common equipment of circuit in grade separation under railway, it is directly connected to railway operation safety.Because railroad track directly is positioned on the beam of constructing just, the attitude of beam of constructing just changes will directly affect direction and the level of railroad track, thereby affect railway operation safety.Constructing just, beam itself is the qualitative product of a maturation, its structure carrying traffic load itself is no problem, but be arranged on due to its fulcrum on the basis of interim reinforcing, and due under wear grade separation and in the jacking digging process, interim basis had a significant effect, and the sedimentation of supporting will directly affect with distortion the just attitude of beam of constructing, therefore must carry out the security process monitoring to the just beam attitude variation of constructing in jack-in process.
At present, to the construction in rail track just the monitoring of beam mainly adopt three kinds of means:
Figure 897207DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
Utilize construct railway (rail) level on just beam of track gauge measurement, to determine to construct the just attitude of beam;
Figure 728022DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
Arrange skilled linemen's to estimate circuit (rail) direction, to determine to construct the just attitude of beam;
Figure 989239DEST_PATH_IMAGE003
Arrange full-time survey crew to adopt the spirit-leveling instrument measurement just beam fulcrum sedimentation of constructing, to determine to construct the just attitude of beam.Wherein front two kinds of means are Quick Measurement, the general time inspection system (be train detection of every mistake once) of carrying out, whether the third means are that (being that every jacking starts or measures once when excavating one section) must be surveyed in every top, up to standard with how much situations of circuit (rail) on the just beam of determining to construct.Understand although these methods can reach the just attitude of beam of constructing, thereby the situation that circuit is held in support prevents the generation of unexpected story, present these construct just that the monitoring means of beam has the following disadvantages:
Figure 720435DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
These are monitored by manual measurement, take artificial direct control (relying on people's sense organ) as main, (for example raise speed step by step, run under day by day busy situation for circuit like this, that Beijing-Shanghai main line rate of traffic flow reaches is more than 280 right/round the clock, motor-car running fire every 5 minutes one time), need a large amount of manpowers, and manual measurement is difficult to satisfy the needs of safe overall process dynamic monitoring;
Figure 713799DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
These are monitored by manual measurement, need triple shift operating type day and night, easily occur personal safety hidden danger on rail track;
Figure 468128DEST_PATH_IMAGE003
Manual measurement is monitored needs certain interior industry processing time, and in measuring the time period of pinpointing the problems, circuit Geometrical change hidden danger information can not in time be transmitted, make potential safety hazard can not get timely regulation, namely have lagging property of monitoring, actual effect is difficult to guarantee, has potential safety hazard;
Figure 267457DEST_PATH_IMAGE004
A large amount of manual measurement operations have increased error rate greatly, and the information transmission between each operating personnel also can be in mistake and delay, thereby may occur making a false report alert or not report to the police, and cause a large amount of potential safety hazards.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is overcome the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art and just beam attitude monitoring system of a kind of construction is provided, it can realize dynamic monitoring to the real time status of the circuit on construct just beam and the just beam of constructing, measurement, data to the just beam of constructing (circuit on the just beam of constructing) transmit, data are processed accurately and timely, reach the effect of Real-Time Monitoring, can greatly improve the generation of work efficiency, decrease safent accident.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of construction is the beam attitude monitoring system just, and it comprises measuring system, data communication system and data handling system; Measuring system comprises displacement transducer, and during use, displacement transducer is laid on the beam of constructing just, and it can monitor out construct just position and the change in location of beam; Data communication system is connected between measuring system and data handling system, realizes sending position or the change in location information of measuring system monitoring to data handling system; Data handling system comprises department of computer science's data processing module of unifying, computer system is connected with data communication system by its data-interface, the Monitoring Data that the receive data transfer system sends from the measurement system (i.e. the construction of monitoring is position and the change in location information data of beam just), data processing module is placed in computer system, and data processing module can be processed and make the data that receive and be analyzed and process.
The further technical scheme of the utility model is: displacement transducer is hydrostatic level; Hydrostatic level comprises plural static(al) level sensing unit; Static(al) level sensing unit comprises fluid cylinder, liquid level sensor, floating drum and protective cover; Liquid level sensor is arranged on the top of fluid cylinder and is positioned at protective cover, floating drum is positioned at fluid cylinder and is connected with liquid level sensor by connecting rod, liquid level sensor can detect the height and position of floating drum, and outwards transmits the height and position data message of floating drum by transmission line; Each static(al) level sensing is connected with the liquid pipe by tracheae between the unit.
The utility model further technical scheme is: each static(al) level sensing unit of hydrostatic level is arranged on respectively construct the just beam and fixed reference that will monitor attitude, be static(al) level sensing cellular installation in the just end of beam of constructing, beam is connected with constructing just to adopt adjustable support.
The utility model further technical scheme is: measuring system also comprises the static data Acquisition Instrument, the static data Acquisition Instrument is connected with hydrostatic level, being the static data Acquisition Instrument is connected with each static(al) level sensing unit of hydrostatic level, realizes collection and transmission to the Monitoring Data of each static(al) level sensing unit of hydrostatic level.
The utility model also further technical scheme is: data communication system is connected between measuring system (static data Acquisition Instrument) and data handling system, realizes sending the data of measuring system (static data Acquisition Instrument) to data handling system; Data communication system comprises data transformation interface and transfer assembly, transfer assembly is data line transmission parts, internet (INTERNET) transfer assembly, free wireless public network transfer assembly or wireless autonomous multihop network transfer assembly, transfer assembly sends the signal of the measuring system that receives to data transformation interface, and data transformation interface is realized data-switching and sent data handling system to.
The further technical scheme of the utility model is: data handling system comprises computer system and data processing module, computer system comprises data-interface, storer, processor and display, data-interface is connected with data communication system, receive the Real-time Monitoring Data that measuring system sends, to store storer into; Data processing module is placed in computer system, data processing module can be processed receiving from data communication system the data of coming, and make analysis processing result, and export by output devices such as display or printers with the form of data, chart or animation, perhaps send alarm operation.
The further technical scheme of the utility model is: in computer system and construct and just also be provided with camera head between beam, so that computer system shows simultaneously Monitoring Data and process picture and on-the-spot circumstance picture, reach better Real-Time Monitoring effect.
The utility model compared with prior art has following features:
1, the utility model realizes that with personal monitoring's amount of prior art monitoring mode changes the computer system monitoring mode into, and in the manual work of elimination traditional means, the uncontrollable factors such as mistake of discreteness, make monitoring result more reliable;
2, the utility model by hydrostatic level measure in real time, computing machine fast (3 seconds/point) analyze and realize the just monitoring of beam attitude of constructing, realize that remote measurement is integrated with analysis, can realize easily round-the-clock, the continuous timely monitor of overall process to how much situations of circuit (railway), in time development problem; And prior art needs manually constantly periodic measurement operation and can not remote metering, and except a large amount of manpower of needs, and testing (measure and the analyze) cycle is long, and the data actual effect that draws is poor, and there is serious potential safety hazard in the problem that can not in time find;
3, the utility model has been realized remote metering, has avoided (railway) upper operation on a large amount of personnel's lines, has effectively eliminated the personal safety hidden danger in existing mode operation and the vehicle safety hidden danger of executing of going.
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model, enumerate following examples, but its to scope of invention without any restriction.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the hydrostatic level of invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
as shown in Figure 1, a kind of construction is the beam attitude monitoring system just, and it comprises measuring system, data communication system 3 and data handling system 4, measuring system comprises displacement transducer and static data Acquisition Instrument 2, displacement transducer is hydrostatic level, as shown in Figure 2, hydrostatic level comprises the static(al) level sensing unit 1 that (comprises the situation of two) more than two, static(al) level sensing unit 1 comprises fluid cylinder 11, liquid level sensor 12, floating drum 13 and protective cover 14, liquid level sensor 12 is arranged on the top of fluid cylinder 11 and is positioned at protective cover 14, floating drum 13 is positioned at fluid cylinder 11 and by connecting rod be connected with liquid level sensor 12 (being subject to simultaneously the buoyancy that fluid cylinder 11 is equipped with liquid), liquid level sensor 12 can detect the height and position of floating drum 13, and outwards transmits the height and position data message of floating drum 13 by transmission line 121, all static(al) level sensings unit 1 connects according to certain line arrangement, described connection refer to be connected with between static(al) level sensing unit 1 tracheae 15 and liquid pipe 16(in order to express easily Fig. 1 tracheae 15 and liquid pipe 16 are not shown, this structure just is shown in Fig. 2), realize to measure relative height between all static(al) level sensings unit 1 (static height and height) in real time, during use, in fluid cylinder 11, liquid is housed, each static(al) level sensing unit 1 of hydrostatic level is arranged in construct just beam 5 of the just beam 5(of respectively constructing that will monitor attitude is arranged on the bottom of circuit (being rail 6), play the effect of support rail 6) upper reaching on fixed reference, be that static(al) level sensing unit 1 is arranged on the just end of beam 5 of constructing, beam is connected with constructing just to adopt adjustable support, adjustable support comprises a pair of " ┻ " shaped steel and four long screw rods of stainless steel, the general fixed position of selecting to be arranged on away from the working-yard of fixed reference, the information of 1 each position (being mainly height change information) of returning just can be extrapolated the relative shift (elevation information that returns according to the static(al) level sensing unit 1 on fixed reference again of all monitoring locations from each static(al) level sensing unit like this, also can extrapolate the absolute change height of each monitoring point), be that hydrostatic level is used the communicating pipe technology that the terrestrial gravitation face is made reference field, according to the measure of the change observation station of liquid level (on the just beam of respectively constructing the static(al) level sensing unit 1) displacement of fixed point (on fixed reference static(al) level sensing unit 1) relatively, be used for measuring the vertical deformation situation of relative level basic point, a plurality of hydrostatic levels are connected together, and can measure the relative settlement between any two.
Each static(al) level sensing unit 1 of hydrostatic level generally will satisfy following measuring accuracy and environmental baseline:
Measurement range: ± 100mm;
Minimum resolution :≤0.05%F.S or 0.01mm;
Measuring error: be better than the measuring accuracy of first order leveling, ideal conditions can reach 0.01mm;
Environmental baseline allowable temperature :-20~60 ℃;
Environmental baseline relative humidity :≤95%;
Additional temperature error:<0.05%F.S ℃.
Hydrostatic level is easy to reach above-mentioned requirements (being mainly accuracy requirement), so adopt hydrostatic level can realize very easily highly sensitive height change monitoring.
Static data Acquisition Instrument 2 can be connected with polytype sensor, realizes the several functions such as mensuration, demonstration, record, the static data Acquisition Instrument that static data Acquisition Instrument 2 can adopt " when Shanghai China surveys wound detection technique company limited " to produce; Static data Acquisition Instrument 2 is connected with hydrostatic level, being static data Acquisition Instrument 2 is connected with each static(al) level sensing unit of hydrostatic level 1, shown in Fig. 1 for to be connected by wired 21, in order to reach remote transmission, also can static data Acquisition Instrument 2 with hydrostatic level between be connected in series other wireless transmitter 22, to realize that wireless messages transmits, namely static data Acquisition Instrument 2 and displacement transducer can be connected for wired connection or wireless module; Static data Acquisition Instrument 2 is responsible for receiving the elevation information of hydrostatic level transmits each static(al) level sensing unit 1, so in fact be exactly letter connect transmitted the elevation information of beam and fixed reference of respectively constructing just (because each static(al) level sensing unit 1 be fixed installation with construct just beam and fixed reference on), namely static data Acquisition Instrument 2 Monitoring Data of depth of beam that realizes respectively constructing is just collected.
data communication system 3 is connected between static data Acquisition Instrument 2 and data handling system 4, realizes that the data that static data Acquisition Instrument 2 is received send data handling system 4 to, data communication system 3 can be data line (wired), internet (INTERNET), utilize the free wireless public networks such as GPRS or CDMA to carry out data transmission (or crying transmission), can also adopt other wireless transmissioning mode, for example adopt the wireless autonomous multihop network information of carrying out to transmit, it can be also the combination of above several modes, for example static data Acquisition Instrument 2 accesses the INTERNET net again by GPRS or CDMA, data handling system 4 is as long as access INTERNET net just can receive the elevation information that each static(al) level sensing unit 1 transmits, the beam monitoring of namely can constructing just, no matter be to adopt cable data to transmit or wireless data transferring system, data communication system 3 all should comprise data transformation interface 31 and transfer assembly 32, and data transformation interface 31 is realized data-switching, and transfer assembly realizes that electric signal or electromagnetic signal transmit.
data handling system 4 comprises computer system and data processing module, computer system comprises data-interface, storer, processor and display, data-interface is connected with data communication system 3, receives the Real-time Monitoring Data that measuring system sends, to store storer into, display can be realized the demonstration of data and processing graphics, realizes the live effects such as data demonstration, figure demonstration, three-dimensional animation demonstration, data processing module is placed in that (its main forms is that encode is specified in computer system, but being not limited to encode specifies, also can be the hardware type module), data processing module can be processed the data that receive, and make analysis processing result (its specific requirement, process according to Its Relevant Technology Standards and technical requirement), then by display or printing device output, after for example Real-time Monitoring Data can being processed, set up the corresponding relation of picture factor and data variable, with the attitude situation of change of the just beam of constructing with the projection of three-dimensional animation form on the screen of display, realize effect of visualization, can also send according to the data processed result situation operations such as warning, data processing module should comprise the monitoring technology index system, the monitoring technology index system can comprise monitoring frequency, measuring accuracy, three index systems of alarming index, monitoring frequency can be designed as: every time 2 inspection, and every top must be examined, per inspection half an hour 1 of excavation period, per inspection half an hour 1 of rainy day, measuring accuracy can be designed as: ± 0.5mm, alarming index can be designed as: horizontal measuring point value discrepancy in elevation allowable value δ≤11mm, the relative relief of check point, ± 11mm are that one-level is reported to the police, ± 8mm is that secondary is reported to the police.
For improving the spot effect of native system, can also and construct in computer system and just be provided with camera head between beam, so that computer system shows Monitoring Data and processing picture and on-the-spot circumstance picture simultaneously, reach better Real-Time Monitoring effect.
It is the situation of static spirit-leveling instrument that the present embodiment has only been told about displacement transducer, can only measure height change, but the displacement transducer of the utility model indication is not limited to static spirit-leveling instrument, also can be other elevation measurement device, and can be the in-plane displancement determinator, with the monitoring just in-plane displancement situation of beam of constructing, these technical schemes all belong to design of the present utility model.
The utility model is not limited to and is applied to construct the just monitoring of beam, no matter uses aspect which, so long as within the monitoring system of or equivalent structure identical with the utility model just drops on protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. just beam attitude monitoring system of constructing, it comprises measuring system; It is characterized in that: it also comprises data communication system (3) and data handling system (4); Measuring system comprises displacement transducer, and during use, displacement transducer is laid on the beam of constructing just, and it can monitor out construct just position and the change in location of beam; Data communication system (3) is connected between measuring system and data handling system (4), realizes sending position or the change in location information of measuring system monitoring to data handling system (4); Data handling system (4) comprises department of computer science's data processing module of unifying, computer system is connected with data communication system (3) by its data-interface, the Monitoring Data that receive data transfer system (3) measurement system certainly sends, data processing module is placed in computer system, and data processing module can be processed and make analysis, process the data that receive.
2. just beam attitude monitoring system of construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described displacement transducer is hydrostatic level; Hydrostatic level comprises plural static(al) level sensing unit (1); Static(al) level sensing unit (1) comprises fluid cylinder (11), liquid level sensor (12), floating drum (13) and protective cover (14); Liquid level sensor (12) is arranged on the top of fluid cylinder (11) and is positioned at protective cover (14), floating drum (13) is positioned at fluid cylinder (11) and is connected with liquid level sensor (12) by connecting rod, liquid level sensor (12) can detect the height and position of floating drum (13), and outwards transmits the height and position data message of floating drum (13) by transmission line (121); Be connected with liquid pipe (16) by tracheae (15) between each static(al) level sensing unit (1).
3. just beam attitude monitoring system of construction according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: each static(al) level sensing unit (1) of described hydrostatic level is arranged on respectively construct the just beam (5) and fixed reference that will monitor attitude, be that static(al) level sensing unit (1) is arranged on the just end of beam (5) of constructing, beam is connected with constructing just to adopt adjustable support.
4. just beam attitude monitoring system of according to claim 2 or 3 described constructions, it is characterized in that: described measuring system also comprises static data Acquisition Instrument (2), static data Acquisition Instrument (2) is connected with hydrostatic level, be that static data Acquisition Instrument (2) is connected with each static(al) level sensing unit (1) of hydrostatic level, collection and the transmission of realization to the Monitoring Data of each static(al) level sensing unit (1) of hydrostatic level.
5. just beam attitude monitoring system of according to claim 1 and 2 or 3 described constructions, it is characterized in that: described data communication system (3) is connected between measuring system and data handling system (4), realizes sending the data of measuring system to data handling system (4); Data communication system (3) comprises data transformation interface (31) and transfer assembly (32), transfer assembly (32) is data line transmission parts, internet transfer assembly, free wireless public network transfer assembly or wireless autonomous multihop network transfer assembly, transfer assembly sends the signal of the measuring system that receives to data transformation interface (31), and data transformation interface (31) is realized data-switching and sent data handling system (4) to.
6. just beam attitude monitoring system of construction according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described data communication system (3) is connected between measuring system and data handling system (4), realizes sending the data of measuring system to data handling system (4); Data communication system (3) comprises data transformation interface (31) and transfer assembly (32), transfer assembly (32) is data line transmission parts, internet transfer assembly, free wireless public network transfer assembly or wireless autonomous multihop network transfer assembly, transfer assembly sends the signal of the measuring system that receives to data transformation interface (31), and data transformation interface (31) is realized data-switching and sent data handling system (4) to.
7. just beam attitude monitoring system of according to claim 1 and 2 or 3 described constructions, it is characterized in that: the computer system of data handling system (4) comprises data-interface, storer, processor and display, data-interface is connected with data communication system (3), receive the Real-time Monitoring Data that measuring system sends, to store storer into; Data processing module is placed in computer system, data processing module can be processed receiving from data communication system (3) data of coming, and make analysis processing result, and export or send alarm operation by output device with the form of data, chart or animation.
8. just beam attitude monitoring system of construction according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the computer system of data handling system (4) comprises data-interface, storer, processor and display, data-interface is connected with data communication system (3), receive the Real-time Monitoring Data that measuring system sends, to store storer into; Data processing module is placed in computer system, data processing module can be processed receiving from data communication system (3) data of coming, and make analysis processing result, and export or send alarm operation by output device with the form of data, chart or animation.
9. just beam attitude monitoring system of construction according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the computer system of data handling system (4) comprises data-interface, storer, processor and display, data-interface is connected with data communication system (3), receive the Real-time Monitoring Data that measuring system sends, to store storer into; Data processing module is placed in computer system, data processing module can be processed receiving from data communication system (3) data of coming, and make analysis processing result, and export or send alarm operation by output device with the form of data, chart or animation.
10. just beam attitude monitoring system of construction according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: it also comprises camera head, camera head is arranged on computer system and constructs just between beam, so that computer system shows Monitoring Data and processing picture and on-the-spot circumstance picture simultaneously, reach better Real-Time Monitoring effect.
CN 201220280368 2012-06-14 2012-06-14 Construction beam posture monitoring system Withdrawn - After Issue CN203024763U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102721406A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-10-10 湖南高速铁路职业技术学院 Construction beam gesture monitoring system
CN104019794A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-09-03 盈亨科技(上海)有限公司 Inductance type intelligent static level gage device
CN104019795A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-03 盈亨科技(上海)有限公司 Railway settlement monitoring system and online monitoring method
CN104154618A (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-11-19 珠海格力节能环保制冷技术研究中心有限公司 Pipe-burying method for soil source heat pump system and soil source heat pump system
CN105241417A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-01-13 江西飞尚科技有限公司 Monitoring method for settlement by utilizing gravity

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102721406A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-10-10 湖南高速铁路职业技术学院 Construction beam gesture monitoring system
CN102721406B (en) * 2012-06-14 2014-10-08 湖南高速铁路职业技术学院 Construction beam gesture monitoring system
CN104019794A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-09-03 盈亨科技(上海)有限公司 Inductance type intelligent static level gage device
CN104019795A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-03 盈亨科技(上海)有限公司 Railway settlement monitoring system and online monitoring method
CN104154618A (en) * 2014-08-26 2014-11-19 珠海格力节能环保制冷技术研究中心有限公司 Pipe-burying method for soil source heat pump system and soil source heat pump system
CN104154618B (en) * 2014-08-26 2017-06-30 珠海格力节能环保制冷技术研究中心有限公司 Soil source heat pump system pipe laying method and soil source heat pump system
CN105241417A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-01-13 江西飞尚科技有限公司 Monitoring method for settlement by utilizing gravity

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