CN202623023U - Multi-station rotary working table type cutting forming machine - Google Patents

Multi-station rotary working table type cutting forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202623023U
CN202623023U CN 201120492121 CN201120492121U CN202623023U CN 202623023 U CN202623023 U CN 202623023U CN 201120492121 CN201120492121 CN 201120492121 CN 201120492121 U CN201120492121 U CN 201120492121U CN 202623023 U CN202623023 U CN 202623023U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
station
workbench
forming machine
speed change
bite
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201120492121
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谈珂
谈志坚
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YIXING GOLDFISH CERAMICS CO Ltd
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YIXING GOLDFISH CERAMICS CO Ltd
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Priority to CN 201120492121 priority Critical patent/CN202623023U/en
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Publication of CN202623023U publication Critical patent/CN202623023U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multi-station rotary working table type cutting forming machine comprising a machine rack; a working table supported by the machine rack; a working table revolution device, which is connected with the working table, and can be used to drive the revolution of the working table; working stations disposed on the working table; a working station rotation device, which is connected with the working stations, and can be used to drive the rotation of the working stations; a cutter rack disposed on the machine frame; and a cutter disposed on the cutter rack. The cutter is tangent to the working stations. The revolution device comprises a first speed change gear, which comprises a stroke switch, and can be used to control the different rotation speeds output by the first speed change gear controlled by the stroke switch according to the positions of the rotation working stations. A cutting edge of the cutter is disposed inclinedly with respect to a rotary axis of each of the working stations, and an included angle Lambda, which is larger than 30degrees and smaller than 60degrees, is formed. The cutting forming machine has advantages of high production efficiency, environmental protection, energy saving, accurate dimension control, novel mechanical structure, strong practicability, and high automation degree.

Description

The desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of former of pottery bottle head, the desk-top cutting forming machine of particularly a kind of multi-station turning work.
Background technology
At present during the preparation ceramic wine bottle, generally to adopt bottle head and body to divide body formed for a precision of controlling the bottle head, is bonded to holistic process then.The body part mostly adopts slip casting, and on the forming method of bottle head part, mainly contains following several kinds: the one, and the plaster mold solid casting method of forming, a bottle base is by the manual repaired biscuit shaping of operating personnel after the demoulding.Because gypsum mold is easy to wear, the base substrate moisture content is high, contraction is big, yielding, and the control of bottle area of bed is entirely with operator's experience, and therefore bottle area of bed fluctuation range is big, and production efficiency is low.Second method is to adopt the plaster mold roll forming, and a bottle base is placed on the common board and carries out cut with the accurate dimension cutter after the demoulding.Though this method is compared with the solid casting method of forming, the base substrate moisture content decreases, and gypsum mold is easy to wear, the base substrate moisture content high, shrink big yielding defective still exists.And the bottle head is wet base when cut, easy deformation, and the bottle base after the cut still needs the manual shaping of operating personnel.Therefore a bottle area of bed is difficult to guarantee accurate unification, and cut is time-consuming takes a lot of work, and production efficiency is still not high.
Disclosed ceramic wine bottle preparation method of Chinese patent CN101671175A and ceramic wine bottle, punching block hot pressing paraffin slip casting is adopted in its bottle moulding.Because the flow media of slurry when this method needs in blank, to add a large amount of paraffin as the hot pressing injection forming, so the base after the moulding must pass through de-waxing and burn till, and not only cost is high, the production cycle is long, time-consuming taking a lot of work, and environment is caused severe contamination.Present domestic preparation high technology ceramics also by punching block hot pressing injection forming to punching block punch forming transition and conversion.The stamping forming blank of punching block is to be prepared from through spray drying granulation, need not add paraffin, has also just saved the de-waxing firing process.Therefore the punching block punch forming is the more method of advanced person, energy-saving and environmental protection of preparation high technology ceramics.But, if punching block punch forming method is directly adopted in a bottle moulding, the complex structure of its punching block, cost of manufacture is high, and service life is short, and the demoulding after the punch forming is time-consuming takes a lot of work, and can not satisfy the requirement that extensive ceramic wine bottle is produced.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of multi-station turning work desk-top cutting forming machine, and production efficiency is high, energy-conserving and environment-protective, and bottle area of bed precision is high, equipment operation, convenient disassembly.
The utility model is to realize through following technical scheme:
The desk-top cutting forming machine of a kind of multi-station turning work; Comprise frame, the workbench through frame support, connect workbench and can make workbench revolution device that workbench rotates, be installed in station on the workbench, connect station and can make station rotating device, the rack-mounted bite knife rest that station rotates and be installed in the bite on the bite knife rest; Said bite and station are tangent; It is characterized in that; Said revolution device comprises first speed change gear; First speed change gear comprises travel switch, and wherein first speed change gear can be controlled said first speed change gear output different rotating speed through travel switch according to the residing position of rotation station; The cutting edge of said bite is obliquely installed with respect to the rotation of workbench, and formed angle is λ, and 30 °<λ<60 ° wherein are preferably λ=45 °.
Said travel control switch can be the stroke contact-making switch, triggers by being arranged on cam disc lower surface overhead cam, and wherein cam disc fixedly installs with workbench is coaxial.
Said travel control switch can be the photoinduction electromagnetic switch, is triggered by the photaesthesia coating that is arranged on the rotating disk, and its turntable fixedly installs with workbench is coaxial.
Said bite is a plurality of, and said a plurality of stations are distributed on the circumference of workbench, and the central angle that adjacent two stations form is β; The central angle that adjacent two bites form is γ; γ=n β wherein, wherein n is 1,2 or 3, and bite is set like this; The cutting of each bite originates in this bite simultaneously with a corresponding bottle dry body when tangent, and when this bite and this bottle dry body leave tangent position, finishes simultaneously.
Said bite is 3, and said station quantity is 12, γ=β=30 °, and the central angle that adjacent two bites form is 30 °.
Said first speed change gear is first belt speeder, first sprocket speed changing device or first speed change gear.
Said first speed change gear is first belt speeder, wherein with tangent several station belt wheel centers that contact of belt transmission and workbench in the center of circle angle that is formed centrally be made as α, α>β=γ wherein.
The cutting edge length of said a plurality of bites is consistent, and the λ angle of each bite is identical.
The cutting edge length of said a plurality of bites is inconsistent, and the λ angle of each bite is inequality.
Said workbench revolution device comprises motor, stepless time adjustment device, first speed change gear that connects successively, in said first speed change gear electromagnetic clutch is installed, and first speed change gear connects turbine reduction box, turbine reduction box connection gear transmission device.
Said apparatus is in carrying out a bottle dry body fine finishining process, and is moving through the not stall of workbench, realizes the purpose of rapid shaping; Through the workbench variable motion, help improving the accuracy of cutting forming; Through station rotation clocklike and stall, the charge and discharge operations of Easy-used bottle head; Tangent through bite and station, make the cutting of original mechanical face cutting changing into line, improve accuracy and service life of equipment.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: a bottle rapid shaping, cutting forming accuracy height, easy accessibility improves cutter life, reduces production costs.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work
Fig. 2 is the left view of the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work
Fig. 4 is the bottle blank structure sketch map after the punching block punch forming
Fig. 5 is through the bottle blank structure sketch map after the cutting fine finishining
The 1-frame, 2-workbench turning motor, 3-stepless time adjustment device, 4,5-first speed change gear; The 6-electromagnetic clutch, 7-turbine reduction box, 8-workbench axle, 9-gear drive; The 10-travel control switch, 11-workbench, 12-station turning motor, 13,14-second speed change gear; The 15-station, 16-bite knife rest, 17-bite
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the apparatus of the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work is further specified.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3; Be respectively front view, left view and the vertical view of the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work; Comprise frame 1, the workbench 11 through frame support, connect workbench 11 and can make workbench revolution device that workbench rotates, be installed in station 15 on the workbench, connect station 15 and can make station rotating device that station rotates, be installed in the bite knife rest 16 on the frame 1 and be installed in the bite 17 on the bite knife rest 16, bite 17 is tangent with station 15.
Wherein, The workbench revolution device comprises motor 2, stepless time adjustment device 3, first speed change gear 4 and 5 that connects successively; Electromagnetic clutch 6, the first speed change gears are installed between first speed change gear 4 and 5 are connected turbine reduction box 7, turbine reduction box 7 connection gear transmission devices 9.
In a preferred embodiment, first speed change gear is a two-stage speed change gear, is preferably belt speeder.
In another preferred embodiment, first speed change gear is a two-stage speed change gear, is preferably sprocket speed changing device.
In another preferred embodiment, first speed change gear is a two-stage speed change gear, is preferably the gear change device.
The station rotating device comprises the station turning motor 12 that connects second speed change gear, 13,14, the second speed change gears bottom connection of station through belt.
In a preferred embodiment; Second speed change gear is preferably second belt speeder; Wherein with tangent several station belt wheels that contact of belt and workbench in the center of circle angle that is formed centrally be made as α; Be formed centrally center of circle angle in adjacent two station rotation axis and the workbench and be made as β, on the corresponding position of frame, preferably be provided with several bites 17, be formed centrally center of circle angle in adjacent two bites, 17 corresponding cutting-edge points and the workbench and be made as γ; Then three angles need satisfy certain relation, i.e. α>β=γ.
In another preferred embodiment, second speed change gear is a sprocket speed changing device.
In another preferred embodiment, second speed change gear is a speed change gear.
In a preferred embodiment; Bite 17 has several; And β=γ; Therefore the quantity of a bottle dry body that is in the cutting forming position on the workbench is consistent with the quantity of bite 17, and then bite 17 is provided with as follows, and the cutting of each bite 17 originates in this bite 17 and when a bottle dry body is tangent accordingly simultaneously; And, finishes by this bite 17 when leaving tangent position with this bottle dry body simultaneously; Can a bottle dry body be divided at the working angles of each bite 17 and transfer a bottle dry body and get into a cutting forming position, in a bottle dry body cutting forming process, after the bottle dry body moulding, break away from three steps in cutting forming position, through control, workbench transfer a bottle dry body get into break away from the cutting forming position after cutting forming position and the bottle dry body moulding velocity of rotation more than or equal to its velocity of rotation in a bottle dry body cutting forming process; Realized that workbench does not stop and the motion of speed change, realized cutting and the accurate purpose of working angles fast.
In another preferred embodiment, bite 17 is provided with like this, and the cutting edge of bite 17 is with respect to the centroclinal setting of the rotation of station 15; Both angles are λ, 30 °<λ<60 ° wherein, and λ is preferably 45 °; In working angles; A dry body is tangent cuts with bottle earlier for one end of cutting edge, and along with the revolution at a slow speed of workbench and the quick rotation of a bottle dry body, cutting edge progressively slides to the other end by an end with the point of contact of a bottle dry body external cylindrical surface; After a bottle dry body moulding, break away from the other end that cutting edge is left in the cutting forming position; Tangent through cutting edge and station, make the cutting of original mechanical face cutting changing into line, improve machining accuracy and service life of equipment.
In another preferred embodiment; Evenly be provided with 12 stations 15 on the circumference of workbench; Be formed centrally center of circle angle in adjacent stations 15 rotation axis and the workbench and be made as β; Wherein β=30 ° preferably are provided with three bites 17 on the corresponding position of cutter saddle, are formed centrally center of circle angle in adjacent two bites, 17 corresponding cutting-edge points and the workbench and are made as γ; Wherein preferred γ=β=30 °; While α>2 β, the included angle X different according to the length different choice of each bite cutting edge its objective is that control distinct cutting cutter begins to finish cutting operation to cutting from cutting and can carry out synchronously; Thereby rotate at a slow speed at time control workbench in a bottle dry body cutting forming process, and transferring control workbench fast rotational when breaking away from the cutting forming position after a bottle dry body gets into cutting forming position and a bottle dry body moulding.
In another preferred embodiment, the workbench below is provided with rotating-table apparatus, is preferably cam disc device; With the coaxial rotation of workbench; Travel switch is preferably stroke contact-making switch 10, preferably on the cam disc lower surface, cam is set, and makes workbench when rotating to respective phase; Cam triggers stroke contact-making switch 10, thereby controls first speed change gear.
In another preferred embodiment; The workbench below is provided with rotating-table apparatus; The photaesthesia coating is set on the rotating disk, and travel switch is preferably photoinduction electromagnetic switch 10, makes workbench when rotating to respective phase; The photoinduction electromagnetic switch detects different coatings on the rotating disk, and exciting light inductive electromagnetic switch is in order to control first speed change gear.
Below in conjunction with the desk-top cutting forming machine of above-mentioned multi-station turning work, ceramic bottle bottle punching press cutting forming method is described.
(1) a pottery bottle blank slurry that batching is machined carries out spray drying granulation, makes the efficient punching block of accurate dimension simultaneously, adopts said efficient punching block to carry out a bottle blank punch forming, obtains a bottle dry body, like Fig. 4;
Several bottles that (2) will complete dry body directly is fixed on the station 15 of the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work; Each station is fixed a bottle dry body; Station rotatably is fixed on the workbench 11, and workbench turning motor 2 is regulated the speed through stepless time adjustment device 3, realizes velocity variations by first speed change gear 4,5; The gear drive 9 that reaches on the workbench axle 8 through turbine reduction box 7 again; Gear drive 9 drives workbench 11 and revolves round the sun, and operates electromagnetic clutch 6 through travel control switch 10 simultaneously, and it is moving to make workbench remain fast, slow two not stalls of speed.Because the cutting of each bite 17 starts from the tangent beginning of a bottle dry body on this bite 17 and the station 15; End at this bite 17 and leave tangent position with a bottle dry body on the station 15 and finish, the cutting operation that can control the distinct cutting cutter through the size of selecting included angle X simultaneously carries out synchronously.The working angles of each bite 17 can be divided into to be transferred a bottle dry body and gets into a cutting forming position, in a bottle dry body cutting forming process, after the bottle dry body moulding, breaks away from three steps in cutting forming position; Through control; The velocity of rotation of workbench disengaging cutting forming position after a handover bottle dry body gets into a cutting forming position and a bottle dry body moulding is more than or equal to its velocity of rotation in a bottle dry body cutting forming process; Realized that workbench does not stop and the motion of speed change; Realize cutting and the accurate purpose of working angles fast, through the accurately machined bottle of a cutting base, like Fig. 5.
Workbench is when revolving round the sun, and station 15 carries out rotation, and station turning motor 12 drives station 15 through second speed change gear 13,14 and carries out rotation.Through control, transfer that a bottle dry body gets into the cutting forming position and in a bottle dry body cutting forming process station carry out rotation, station stops rotation after breaking away from the cutting forming position after the bottle dry body moulding, has realized the purpose of a bottle dry body easy accessibility.
A bottle dry body is carried on the desk-top cutting forming machine of said multi-station turning work and is directly accomplished cutting fine finishining in the moving process.Need not to carry out final procedure of processing through manual work again round Realization mechanization.

Claims (10)

1. desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work; Comprise frame, the workbench through frame support, connect workbench and can make workbench revolution device that workbench rotates, be installed in station on the workbench, connect station and can make station rotating device, the rack-mounted bite knife rest that station rotates and be installed in the bite on the bite knife rest; Said bite and station are tangent; It is characterized in that revolution device comprises first speed change gear, first speed change gear comprises travel switch; The cutting edge of said bite is obliquely installed with respect to the rotation of workbench, and formed angle is λ, wherein 30 °<λ<60 °.
2. the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said travel control switch is the stroke contact-making switch, triggers by being arranged on cam disc lower surface overhead cam, and wherein cam disc fixedly installs with workbench is coaxial.
3. the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said travel control switch is the photoinduction electromagnetic switch, is triggered by the photaesthesia coating that is arranged on the rotating disk, and its turntable fixedly installs with workbench is coaxial.
4. the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work as claimed in claim 2; It is characterized in that said bite is a plurality of; Said a plurality of station is distributed on the circumference of workbench, and the central angle that adjacent two stations form is β, and the central angle that adjacent two bites form is γ; γ=n β wherein, wherein n is 1,2 or 3.
5. like the desk-top cutting forming machine of each described multi-station turning work among the claim 1-4, said first speed change gear is a kind of in first belt speeder, first sprocket speed changing device, first speed change gear.
6. the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work as claimed in claim 4; It is characterized in that said first speed change gear is first belt speeder; Wherein with tangent several station belt wheel centers that contact of belt transmission and workbench in the center of circle angle that is formed centrally be made as α, α>β=γ wherein.
7. the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, the cutting edge length of wherein said a plurality of bites is consistent, and the λ angle of each bite is identical.
8. like the desk-top cutting forming machine of each described multi-station turning work among the claim 2-3, it is characterized in that the cutting edge length of wherein said a plurality of bites is inconsistent, and the λ angle of each bite is inequality.
9. the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, λ=45 °.
10. the desk-top cutting forming machine of multi-station turning work as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that said workbench revolution device comprises motor, stepless time adjustment device, first speed change gear that connects successively; In said first speed change gear electromagnetic clutch is installed; First speed change gear connects turbine reduction box, turbine reduction box connection gear transmission device.
CN 201120492121 2011-12-01 2011-12-01 Multi-station rotary working table type cutting forming machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN202623023U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120492121 CN202623023U (en) 2011-12-01 2011-12-01 Multi-station rotary working table type cutting forming machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120492121 CN202623023U (en) 2011-12-01 2011-12-01 Multi-station rotary working table type cutting forming machine

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CN202623023U true CN202623023U (en) 2012-12-26

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CN 201120492121 Withdrawn - After Issue CN202623023U (en) 2011-12-01 2011-12-01 Multi-station rotary working table type cutting forming machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102416673A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-04-18 宜兴市金鱼陶瓷有限公司 Multi-station rotary workbench type cutting forming machine
CN106393443A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-02-15 泉州华中科技大学智能制造研究院 Integrated machining machine tool for stone banister

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102416673A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-04-18 宜兴市金鱼陶瓷有限公司 Multi-station rotary workbench type cutting forming machine
CN102416673B (en) * 2011-12-01 2015-05-13 宜兴市金鱼陶瓷有限公司 Multi-station rotary workbench type cutting forming machine
CN106393443A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-02-15 泉州华中科技大学智能制造研究院 Integrated machining machine tool for stone banister
CN106393443B (en) * 2016-10-09 2018-02-06 泉州华中科技大学智能制造研究院 Stone railing post integration machining tool

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GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20121226

Effective date of abandoning: 20150513

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant