CN202610031U - Vertical flow ecological filter bed system - Google Patents

Vertical flow ecological filter bed system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202610031U
CN202610031U CN 201220122326 CN201220122326U CN202610031U CN 202610031 U CN202610031 U CN 202610031U CN 201220122326 CN201220122326 CN 201220122326 CN 201220122326 U CN201220122326 U CN 201220122326U CN 202610031 U CN202610031 U CN 202610031U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter bed
ecological
silvergrass
layer
pipes
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN 201220122326
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜建强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Edward Ecological Environment Polytron Technologies Inc
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Individual
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Filing date
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Priority to CN 201220122326 priority Critical patent/CN202610031U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202610031U publication Critical patent/CN202610031U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a vertical flow ecological filter bed system. An impermeable membrane is paved on the bottom of a wall body of a filter bed, water collecting pipes are paved on the impermeable membrane and arranged in outward radiating mode with the filter bed as a center, the water collecting pipes are led out through water discharging pipes, one ends of the water collecting pipes close to the wall body of the filter bed are connected with vent pipes, base materials are filled inside the filter bed, silvergrass or combination of the silvergrass and other plants are planted on the surface of the filter bed, water distribution main pipes are distributed on the surface of the filter bed, and water distribution branch pipes communicated with the water distribution main pipes are arranged in outward radiating mode with the filter bed as a center. Rainwater and life sewage are processed in landscape and recycling mode. The silvergrass or the combination of the silvergrass and other plants is planted on the filter bed, the silvergrass has wide ecological adaptability, is easy to survive and fast to grow, and can grow fast to cover the filter bed through developed roots. The silvergrass blooms in autumn, a special ecological landscape effect of flowers of the silvergrass is built, and the harvested silvergrass can be used as industrial raw materials.

Description

The ecological filter bed system of vertical current
Technical field
The utility model relates to the detersive efficiency height, strengthen landscape effect be used to handle the ecological filter bed systems of vertical current such as rainwater, sewage, trade effluent, belong to environment-friendly engineering, water-treatment technology field.
Background technology
Along with the development of ecological wetland technical field, plant is paid attention to by people more and more aspect the decontamination Water purification.A lot of ecological filter bed systems of vertical current select for use species such as reed as wetland plant; Reed is higher to pollution substance clearances such as the organism in the sewage, nutritive substance, heavy metals; But have shortcoming in landscape effect, ecological suitability, economic worth application facet, and reed is prone to sick insect pest.
Reed (Miscanthus sacchariflora (Maxin.) Nakai) is a grass, and reed belongs to, and is perennial herb land and water two living plants, is proved to be one type of plant resources that has ecological benefits and economic benefit concurrently through forefathers' years of researches.Reed has ecological suitability widely, and drought-enduring, moisture-proof, impoverishment tolerant, salt tolerant alkali are being adhered under the principle in arable land out of question, and reed can also utilize wasteland, of inferior quality the growth.Reed fast growth, ecological filter bed through the root system ability ramp covering vertical current of prosperity.
Reed has been brought into " the new economic crop " that utilizes value and DEVELOPMENT PROSPECT at present in the world.Reed is high light efficiency C4 plant, in process of growth, can absorb CO more than general plant 2With emit O 2, to the CO in the balancing Atmospheric 2/ O 2Very favourable, and can reduce Greenhouse effect.
The florescence of reed is different because of the region, generally in the fall.Large-scale panicle is given birth on the top, the thread long pubescence of basal disc tool white, and finger-like is launched, and waves down with the wind, and aspect is unique, and eye-catching unusually, its inflorescence is facile and graceful, is distributing the dignified U.S.A as the sculpture.
Reed is as the wetland plant that originates in China Yangtze valley and reed association; Its habit of growing is close with reed; Its economic worth and landscape effect are more superior than reed, and are difficult for sick insect pest, complete alternative reed or with reed and other combinations of plant in order to set up the ecological filter bed system of vertical current.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome the deficiency that prior art exists, and provides a kind of vertical current ecological filter bed system.
The purpose of the utility model realizes through following technical scheme:
The ecological filter bed system of vertical current, characteristics are: anti seepage membrane is laid in the bottom of the body of wall of said filter bed, lays header on the anti seepage membrane; Header is that arrange to external irradiation at the center with the filter bed; Header is drawn through water shoot, and header connects ventpipe near filter bed body of wall one end, the inner filling substrate of filter bed; Filter bed surface arrangement water distribution is responsible for, and being responsible for the water distribution branch pipe that is connected with water distribution is that arrange to external irradiation at the center with the filter bed.
Further, the ecological filter bed system of above-mentioned vertical current, wherein; Said matrix comprises that ecological filler processing layer, diameter are that 8~16mm cobble-stone transition layer and diameter are 16~32mm coarse gravel layer of displacement; Ecological filler processing layer is the upper strata, and transition layer is the middle layer, and layer of displacement is a lower floor.
Further, the ecological filter bed system of above-mentioned vertical current, wherein, the thickness of said ecological filler processing layer is 50cm, and the thickness of cobble-stone transition layer is 10cm, and the thickness of coarse gravel layer of displacement is 20cm.
Again further, the ecological filter bed system of above-mentioned vertical current wherein, is disposed with gravel bed and lime compacting bed course between said filter bed bottom and the anti seepage membrane.
Substantive distinguishing features and obvious improvement that the utility model technical scheme is outstanding are mainly reflected in:
1. the utility model is realized landscape recycling treatment rainwater and sewage, filter bed plantation reed or reed and other plant combination, reed has ecological suitability widely, be prone to into alive, fast growth, the root system through prosperity can ramp covering filter bed; Reed blooms in the fall, builds the ecoscape effect of the rustle uniqueness of reed, and harvested reed can be used as industrial raw material, is a kind of high efficient energy sources plant.
2. the ecological filter bed system and device of whole vertical current is easy for installation; According to reed widely ecological suitability can utilize the construction of abandoned land poor and barren land; Can also build jointly with other structures;, sludge drying bed ecological filter bed like upflowing roughing filter, surface current etc. more increased the range of application of this system and device; The assembly of system can be according to the water quality and the processing requirements of water body; Select the different processes flow process, can also reserve the space that assembly is installed according to treatment capacity recent and at a specified future date; Can once invest and construct and accomplish the skeleton construction of long-term planning recent and at a specified future date down like this; When the water yield increases, only need to add assembly, do not need other constructions;
3. this facility is applicable to the processing of rainwater and sewage etc., has characteristics such as processing efficiency height, landscape effect is good, applied widely, economic worth is big, is the new design of a practicality, and application prospect is good.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model technical scheme is described further:
Fig. 1: the structural representation of the utility model.
Embodiment
The ecological filter bed system of vertical current is the ecological wetland component units, can be ecological filter bed, combination such as sludge drying bed builds up ecological wetland with upflowing roughing filter, horizontal flow, and also can be separately as sewage treatment facility.
The ecological filter bed system of vertical current is made up of three parts: transmission & distribution water and system, vertical current be ecological filter bed, go out water collection system.
As shown in Figure 1; Transmission & distribution water and system comprise header 6, ventpipe 9, water shoot 11, and pretreated sewage rises to header 6, through water distributor 8 and water distribution branch pipe 10 to the filter bed water distribution uniformity; Header 6 connects φ 110 PVC ventpipes 9 near filter bed body of wall 4 one ends; The top of ventpipe 9 connects the perforate vent cap, makes to cut the hole through ventpipe 9 annulars in the sensible wetland of oxygen bottom; To the filter bed internal divergence, gases such as the biogas of regional area anaerobic reaction generation simultaneously and hydrogen sulfide can be to the timely dissipation in the external world.
Filter bed comprises anti seepage membrane 5, matrix, body of wall 4, plant 7.The body of wall 4 of filter bed is made up of the customization aluminum alloy materials of being convenient to assemble, and is peripheral by the environment-friendly materials veneer, body of wall 4 high 1.3m; The filter bed bottom is laid thick gravel bed of 10cm and lime compacting bed course successively; Lay 1mm PE composite earthwork cloth anti seepage membrane 5 on the lime compacting bed course and carry out the antiseepage processing; Lay φ 100 HDPE single-walled pipe on the anti seepage membrane 5 as header 6; Header 6 is arranged in parallel within the filter bed, and water outlet compiles the back and discharges from water shoot 11; The inner filling substrate of filter bed; Matrix is made up of the different levels filtrate; Comprise the ecological filler processing layer 1 of thickness 50cm, the diameter 8-16mm cobble-stone transition layer 2 of thickness 10cm and the diameter 16-32mm coarse gravel layer of displacement 3 of thickness 20cm, ecological filler processing layer 1 is the upper strata, and transition layer 2 is the middle layer; Layer of displacement 3 is a lower floor; Wherein ecological filler processing layer filtrate satisfies the requirement of hydraulic parameters and graduation curve, can guarantee good hydraulics, and good growing environment is provided for plant and mikrobe; Matrix is that mikrobe provides good carrier, for sewage seepage flow provides good hydraulics, the aquatic plants growth condition is provided.The plantation of filter bed surface has plant reed or reed and the other plant combination that soil removability is strong, landscape effect good, economic worth is big; Planting density is decided according to the filter bed area; Expand the space that artificial swamp is purified waste water greatly, improve the ability that it is purified waste water, have better landscape effect simultaneously.
During concrete the application; Pretreated sewage is evenly distributed to vertical flow filter bed surface through water distribution system; Through behind the processing layer; Principal pollutant such as organism in the polluted-water and nitrogen phosphorus are effectively removed through reed, mikrobe and matrix, and water quality is purified, and the water after the processing compiles the back discharge through going out water collection system.
Compare with common vertical current is ecological filter bed, the utility model is optimized plants configuration, and landscape effect is better, has improved Economic Application value, has realized rainwater sewage and waste water resource utilization landscape utilization.This facility is applicable to the processing of rainwater, sewage, trade effluent etc., has characteristics such as the assembling of being convenient to, flexible operation, processing efficiency are high, landscape effect is good, economic worth is big, applied widely, has broad application prospects.
What need understand is: the above only is the preferred implementation of the utility model; For those skilled in the art; Under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model principle; Can also make some improvement and retouching, these improvement and retouching also should be regarded as the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (1)

1. the ecological filter bed system of vertical current is characterized in that: anti seepage membrane is laid in the bottom of the body of wall of said filter bed, lays header on the anti seepage membrane; Header is that arrange to external irradiation at the center with the filter bed; Header is drawn through water shoot, and header connects ventpipe near filter bed body of wall one end, the inner filling substrate of filter bed; Filter bed surface arrangement water distribution is responsible for, and being responsible for the water distribution branch pipe that is connected with water distribution is that arrange to external irradiation at the center with the filter bed.
2. the ecological filter bed system of vertical current according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said matrix comprises that ecological filler processing layer, diameter are that 8~16mm cobble-stone transition layer and diameter are 16~32mm coarse gravel layer of displacement; Ecological filler processing layer is the upper strata; Transition layer is the middle layer, and layer of displacement is a lower floor.
3. the ecological filter bed system of vertical current according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the thickness of said ecological filler processing layer is 50cm, and the thickness of cobble-stone transition layer is 10cm, and the thickness of coarse gravel layer of displacement is 20cm.
4. the ecological filter bed system of vertical current according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be disposed with gravel bed and lime compacting bed course between said filter bed bottom and the anti seepage membrane.
CN 201220122326 2012-03-28 2012-03-28 Vertical flow ecological filter bed system Expired - Lifetime CN202610031U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220122326 CN202610031U (en) 2012-03-28 2012-03-28 Vertical flow ecological filter bed system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220122326 CN202610031U (en) 2012-03-28 2012-03-28 Vertical flow ecological filter bed system

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CN202610031U true CN202610031U (en) 2012-12-19

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108409027A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-08-17 江苏大学 A kind of biological delaying basin for strengthening road Initial Runoff denitrogenation dephosphorizing process

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108409027A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-08-17 江苏大学 A kind of biological delaying basin for strengthening road Initial Runoff denitrogenation dephosphorizing process

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20151010

Address after: Jiuhua Road Industrial Park in Suzhou city of Jiangsu Province, No. 110 215021

Patentee after: Suzhou Dehua Ecological Environment Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 301 room 139, building 215021, Donggang village, Suzhou Industrial Park, Jiangsu

Patentee before: Du Jianqiang

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: Jiuhua Road Industrial Park in Suzhou city of Jiangsu Province, No. 110 building 215027 room 402

Patentee after: Suzhou Edward ecological environment Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: Jiuhua Road Industrial Park in Suzhou city of Jiangsu Province, No. 110 215021

Patentee before: Suzhou Dehua Ecological Environment Technology Co., Ltd.

CX01 Expiry of patent term
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20121219