CN202576270U - Intake and exhaust system used for aerobic fermentation reaction - Google Patents

Intake and exhaust system used for aerobic fermentation reaction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202576270U
CN202576270U CN2012200861685U CN201220086168U CN202576270U CN 202576270 U CN202576270 U CN 202576270U CN 2012200861685 U CN2012200861685 U CN 2012200861685U CN 201220086168 U CN201220086168 U CN 201220086168U CN 202576270 U CN202576270 U CN 202576270U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
aerobic fermentation
intake
fermentation reactor
air
exhaust system
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2012200861685U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪深
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Hunan Scientop Automatic Equipment Co Ltd
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Hunan Scientop Automatic Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012200861685U priority Critical patent/CN202576270U/en
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Publication of CN202576270U publication Critical patent/CN202576270U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

An intake and exhaust system used for an aerobic fermentation reaction comprises an aerobic fermentation reactor, a fan and a pipeline, wherein air vents are arranged on a feed side sealing cover and a discharge side sealing cover of the aerobic fermentation reactor, and the air vents arranged on the sealing covers of the aerobic fermentation reactor are respectively connected with an intake pipeline and an exhaust pipeline of the intake and exhaust system. The exhaust pipeline of the aerobic fermentation reactor is connected with a waste gas deodorization treatment device, an air heating device is arranged on the intake pipeline of the aerobic fermentation reactor, and air is sent into the intake pipeline after the air is heated by the air heating device. The intake and exhaust system used for the aerobic fermentation reaction is small in occupied space, high in fermentation efficiency, not influenced by low temperature in winter, free from secondary pollution, and enables the organic waste to rapidly achieve processing of minimization, harmlessness and resource recovery.

Description

A kind of air inlet system and exhaust system that are used for the aerobic fermentation reaction
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of biological fermentation.Be specifically related to a kind of air inlet system and exhaust system that are used for the aerobic fermentation reaction, be used for the minimizing of ight soil, mud and rubbish, innoxious, recycling treatment.
Background technology
The main sub product of livestock and poultry farms in scale, sewage work, Residential areas: ight soil, mud and organic waste (being referred to as organic waste or fermentation raw material); Big and the high concentration of amount; If can not timely and effectively dispose, very easily cause serious environmental to pollute.Aerobic fermentation (compost) can make organic waste realize minimizing, innoxious, recycling treatment through the microbiological deterioration organism.The place compost fermentation technology that extensively adopts at present, the main existence: 1. floor space is big; 2. fermentation time is grown (the general one time fermentation time needs about 15~30 days); 3. degradation problem under the fermenting speed when microthermal climate.Most research at present is efficient or the effect that improves aerobic compost through the means such as forcing oxygen therapy, turning or stirring of ventilating, and heat and foul smell that fermentation produces then generally let alone to be discharged into atmosphere, have caused great environmental pollution; And famous Da Nuo (Dano) drum-type aerobic reactor; Relatively the place fermentation has characteristics such as fermentation efficiency height, occupied ground area are little; But ferment effect depends on factors such as drum length, for prolonging the residence time of fermentation raw material in the cylinder reactor drum such as organic waste guaranteeing ferment effect, the length of cylinder be usually designed to diameter of cylinder more than 10 in addition reach more than 20 times; Therefore floor space is still very big; Device fabrication is with high costs, also exists the material (organic waste) that newly advances too small with the fermentation materials contact area simultaneously, newly advances material shortage sufficient fermentation starter thereby speed of response and waits shortcoming more slowly.Therefore, the research and development floor space is littler, fermentation efficiency is higher, not influenced by winter low temperature, do not produce secondary pollution, and the minimizing of organic waste Rapid Realization, treatment technology and high-efficiency aerobic reactive system innoxious, resource utilization are very important.
Summary of the invention
The utility model technical problem to be solved is: solve the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists; And a kind of air inlet system and exhaust system that are used for aerobic fermentation reaction are provided; Effectively resolve in the aerobe fermentation process a large amount of foul smell, heat effluxes problem of environment pollution caused, the protection environment reclaims heat energy; Stablize the fermentation reaction temperature, reduce the air-supply energy consumption.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: this air inlet system and exhaust system that are used for the aerobic fermentation reaction; Comprise aerobic fermentation reactor drum, blower fan, pipeline; The gas exhaust duct of aerobic fermentation reactor drum connects the exhaust air deodorization treatment facility, and perhaps the vapor pipe of aerobic fermentation reactor drum connects the exhaust air deodorization treatment facility through vacuum fan.
In the technique scheme, the power of the air inlet system and exhaust system of aerobic fermentation reactor drum is a vacuum fan, and the inlet pipe of vacuum fan links to each other with the vapor pipe of aerobic fermentation reactor drum, and the vapor pipe of vacuum fan connects the exhaust air deodorization treatment facility through ventilator trunk.
In the technique scheme; The power of intake and exhaust is a vacuum fan and a gas blower; The inlet pipe of vacuum fan links to each other with the vapor pipe of aerobic fermentation reactor drum; The vapor pipe of vacuum fan connects the exhaust air deodorization treatment facility through ventilator trunk, and the venting port of gas blower links to each other with the inlet mouth of aerobic fermentation reactor drum, and the inlet mouth of gas blower is connected to atmosphere.
In the technique scheme, the inlet pipe of aerobic fermentation reactor drum is provided with air heating apparatus.
In the technique scheme, be provided with material oxygen level transmitter and temperature of charge transmitter in the aerobic fermentation reactor drum, material oxygen level transmitter and temperature of charge transmitter are connected to system respectively.
In the technique scheme; Said system detects the size of oxygen level in the aerobic fermentation reactor drum and the temperature of fermentation raw material; When detecting oxygen level and surpass set(ting)value less than set(ting)value or temperature; The output speed of the startup of wind turbine or increasing blower fan in the system control air inlet system and exhaust system, guaranteeing provides appropriate enough fresh airs to the aerobic fermentation reaction.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: the reaction foul smell is through discharging again after focusing on, and makes gas such as ammonia nitrogen obtain recycling rather than be discharged into the topsoil environment; Air intake helps the stopping reaction temperature through the interchanger heating; The additional of oxygen is to carry out closed-loop control according to the oxygen level of waste gas, the minimizing of maximum amplitude energy consumption and the high air output of air-supply to the influence of leavening temperature.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the utility model system architecture synoptic diagram.
Number among the figure:
The 1-water-supply pipe, 2-water inlet pipe gate valve, 3-pressure water tank, 4-recirculated water return water pipe, the 5-first heat energy load SV, the 8-second heat energy load SV; 6-heat energy load bypass solenoid valve, the load of 7-heat energy, 9-air suction pipe, 10-heat exchanger, 11-aerobic fermentation reactor drum inlet pipe; 12-aerobic fermentation reactor drum, 13-aerobic fermentation reactor drum rising pipe, 14-aerobic fermentation reactor evacuated pipe, 15-waste gas treatment equipment pipe connecting, 16-vacuum fan; 17-oxygen level transmitter, 18-rising pipe TP, 19-temperature of charge transmitter, 20-aerobic fermentation reactor drum discharge port, 21-aerobic fermentation reactor feed mouth; 22-water inlet pipe TP, 23-aerobic fermentation reactor drum water inlet pipe, 24-auxiliary thermal source SV, 25-auxiliary thermal source, 26-auxiliary thermal source bypass solenoid valve; The 27-system, 28-auxiliary thermal source gate valve, 29-pump, 30-pump water inlet pipe; The 31-gate valve, 32-water shoot, 33-water discharge valve, 34-water compensating valve.
Embodiment:
Reactor off-gas in the aerobic fermentation reactor drum 12 is extracted out through aerobic fermentation reactor evacuated pipe 14 by vacuum fan 16, is sent to waste gas treatment equipment through waste gas treatment equipment pipe connecting 15 and focuses on.In the exit side capping of aerobic fermentation reactor drum 12, oxygen level transmitter 17 is set.Aerobic fermentation reacts required oxygen; The negative pressure that in aerobic fermentation reactor drum 12, is produced by vacuum fan 16 sucks fresh air and replenishes from atmosphere, air through air suction pipe 9, heat exchanger 10 heating backs through aerobic fermentation reactor drum inlet pipe 11 entering aerobic fermentation reactor drums 12 in.
After processed, mix the raw material of aerobe fermentation bacterium; Through outside charging handling equipment through aerobic fermentation reactor feed mouth 21 get into aerobic fermentation reactor drums 12 in; After having carried out abundant aerobic fermentation reaction; Grog draws off in aerobic fermentation reactor drum 12, delivers to subsequent processing by aerobic fermentation reactor drum discharge port 20 through outside discharging handling equipment and handles.
The outside is advanced the discharging handling equipment and is provided with the input and output material proofing unit.
System 27 is according to the monitoring result of detection system water inlet pipe TP 22, rising pipe TP 18, oxygen level transmitter 17, temperature of charge transmitter 19 and input and output material proofing unit; Control rotation, charging handling equipment, discharging handling equipment, vacuum fan rotating speed and the opening time of aerobe fermentation reactor drum well; The aerobic fermentation reaction environment is controlled in real time, made it be in the steady temperature condition, carry out at a high speed under the aerobic condition fully.

Claims (2)

1. one kind is used for the air inlet system and exhaust system that aerobic fermentation reacts, and it is characterized in that: the vapor pipe by the aerobic fermentation reactor drum is formed through vacuum fan connection exhaust air deodorization treatment facility.
2. the air inlet system and exhaust system that are used for the aerobic fermentation reaction according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: in the aerobic fermentation reactor drum, be provided with material oxygen level transmitter and temperature of charge transmitter, material oxygen level transmitter and temperature of charge transmitter are connected to system respectively.
CN2012200861685U 2012-03-09 2012-03-09 Intake and exhaust system used for aerobic fermentation reaction Expired - Lifetime CN202576270U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200861685U CN202576270U (en) 2012-03-09 2012-03-09 Intake and exhaust system used for aerobic fermentation reaction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200861685U CN202576270U (en) 2012-03-09 2012-03-09 Intake and exhaust system used for aerobic fermentation reaction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202576270U true CN202576270U (en) 2012-12-05

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103694012A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-04-02 广西金穗生物科技有限责任公司 Adjustable oxygen supply system for aerobic fermentation
CN104945029A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-30 华南理工大学 Organic waste alternating type aerobic-anaerobic composting device and method
CN106631197A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-10 浙江盛秀源环境工程有限公司 Novel household garbage composting device and method
CN108218493A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-06-29 贵州中建建筑科研设计院有限公司 A kind of method and device for preventing composting fermentating groove foul smell from spreading
CN108311528A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-07-24 福建盛润生物科技有限公司 The method for handling house refuse using additional thermal acceleration microorganism aerobic fermentative degradation
CN108503410A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-09-07 中山市和智电子科技有限公司 A kind of compost reaction unit
CN112430144A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-03-02 广州中嘉装备科技有限公司 Fermentation device for organic fertilizer
CN112457084A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-03-09 广州中嘉装备科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer fermentation process

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103694012A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-04-02 广西金穗生物科技有限责任公司 Adjustable oxygen supply system for aerobic fermentation
CN103694012B (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-07-22 广西金穗生物科技有限责任公司 Adjustable oxygen supply system for aerobic fermentation
CN104945029A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-30 华南理工大学 Organic waste alternating type aerobic-anaerobic composting device and method
CN106631197A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-10 浙江盛秀源环境工程有限公司 Novel household garbage composting device and method
CN108503410A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-09-07 中山市和智电子科技有限公司 A kind of compost reaction unit
CN108218493A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-06-29 贵州中建建筑科研设计院有限公司 A kind of method and device for preventing composting fermentating groove foul smell from spreading
CN108218493B (en) * 2018-03-12 2024-02-02 贵州中建建筑科研设计院有限公司 Method and device for preventing odor diffusion of compost fermentation tank
CN108311528A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-07-24 福建盛润生物科技有限公司 The method for handling house refuse using additional thermal acceleration microorganism aerobic fermentative degradation
CN112430144A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-03-02 广州中嘉装备科技有限公司 Fermentation device for organic fertilizer
CN112457084A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-03-09 广州中嘉装备科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer fermentation process

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 410205 No. 249 Linyu Road, Changsha High-tech Development Zone, Changsha City, Hunan Province

Co-patentee after: Wang Shen

Patentee after: Hu'nan Scientop Automatic Equipment Shares Co., Ltd.

Address before: 410205 Hunan province Changsha City Lugu high tech Development Zone Tongzi Po Road No. 348 South Park corun energy building 1 floor

Co-patentee before: Wang Shen

Patentee before: Hu'nan Scientop Automatic Equipment Shares Co., Ltd.

CX01 Expiry of patent term
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20121205