CN202512418U - Distributed comprehensive ecological environment monitoring station - Google Patents

Distributed comprehensive ecological environment monitoring station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202512418U
CN202512418U CN2012200086846U CN201220008684U CN202512418U CN 202512418 U CN202512418 U CN 202512418U CN 2012200086846 U CN2012200086846 U CN 2012200086846U CN 201220008684 U CN201220008684 U CN 201220008684U CN 202512418 U CN202512418 U CN 202512418U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
monitoring
data acquisition
information
units
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012200086846U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马道坤
应昌杉
马华
裴韦
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BEIJING UNISM TECHNOLOGIES Inc
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BEIJING UNISM TECHNOLOGIES Inc
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Priority to CN2012200086846U priority Critical patent/CN202512418U/en
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Publication of CN202512418U publication Critical patent/CN202512418U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

Disclosed in the utility model is a distributed comprehensive ecological environment monitoring station that comprises a plurality of monitoring sites and a monitoring management center. The monitoring sites include sensing measuring units, GPS units, data acquisition units, wireless communication units and power supply units; the sensing measuring units are provided with a plurality of sensors and are used for monitoring environment information and converting the information into electrical signals that are outputted to the data acquisition units; the GPS units are used for obtaining geographical location information and outputting the information to the data acquisition units; the data acquisition units are used for receiving the electrical signals, converting the signals into measured values, and receiving the geographical location information and carrying out regular storage; and the wireless communication units that is provided with GPRS modules and the WIFI modules are used for sending the measured values and the location information to the monitoring management center. And the monitoring management center is connected with the monitoring sites by GPRS wireless transmission channels. According to the utility model, problems of unitary and scattered environment monitoring information as well as inconvenience of centralized analyses and management and the like can be solved; and the provided environment monitoring station can be applied to ecological research and ecological environment monitoring.

Description

A kind of distributed comprehensive ecological environmental monitoring station
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of environmental monitoring station, belongs to the environmental monitoring technology field, is mainly used in ecological scientific research and ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
Background technology
The environmental monitoring station of environmental administration's employing at present, general monitoring target comprises water quality monitoring, air monitering, soil monitoring, biological monitoring, the monitoring of hygiene etc., different sensor are adopted in all kinds of monitorings, and handle respectively.Because the factor type at various environmental monitorings station is different; Data sheet is different, and control module is different, therefore existing environmental monitoring station; All be to design according to different user's requests; Have following defective: 1, each monitoring information all is relatively independent, and data monitored time disunity, can not analyze the influence that interaction produced between the monitoring factor; 2, environmental monitoring information does not have the information in geographic position, can not be from the variation tendency of holistic approach environment on the macroscopic view; 3, product is an external product mostly, costs an arm and a leg, and is not easy to promote.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, and a kind of distributed comprehensive ecological environmental monitoring station is provided, and it is single scattered to solve monitoring information, lacks geographical location information, is not easy to problems such as collective analysis management.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the utility model technical scheme is:
A kind of distributed comprehensive ecological environmental monitoring station; Comprise several monitoring points and supervision and management center; Said monitoring point comprises power supply unit and the sensing measurement unit that is connected with said power supply unit respectively, GPS unit, data acquisition unit, radio communication unit; Said sensing measurement unit is provided with a plurality of sensors, is used to monitor all kinds of ecologic environment information, and information is changed into electric signal exports said data acquisition unit to; Said GPS unit is used to obtain the monitoring point geographical location information, exports said data acquisition unit to; Said data acquisition unit is connected with the GPS unit with the sensing measurement unit respectively, is used to receive electric signal and converts measured value to, and receive geographical location information, regularly storage; Said radio communication unit is connected with data acquisition unit, is provided with the GPRS module, is used for and said supervision and management center communication, and measured value and positional information are sent to said supervision and management center; Said power supply unit is used for to each the unit power supply of said monitoring point; Said supervision and management center comprises Data Receiving unit, data storage cell and analysis and processing unit, is connected with said monitoring point through the GPRS wireless transmission channel.
Further, said radio communication unit also is provided with the WIFI module, is used for communication between the monitoring point, and the distance between the said control point is no more than 1000 meters.
Further, said sensor is one or more in soil moisture content sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor, air velocity transducer, rain sensor, the baroceptor.
Further, said power supply unit comprises battery module, solar energy conversion module, power management module.
Further, said control point is provided with waterproof unit.
The usefulness of technique scheme is:
1, disposes a plurality of monitoring points through distributing; And be provided with various types of information monitoring sensor and GPS unit in each monitoring point; Realize regularly synchronous acquisition of round-the-clock 24 hours of multiple ecological information and geographical location information, solved monitoring information single, lack the geographical location information limitation that research brings to traditional environment, one-sidedness.
2, the monitoring point data of gathering report to supervision and management center; Through supervision and management center, realize one-stop network unified management, can realize ecologic environment position monitor station, the unified management whole nation; Realize data backup and shared; Support for the research of ecological researcher provides comprehensive experimental data, solve environmental monitoring information and be not easy to collective analysis and handle the manpower that overlapping investment brings and the problems such as waste of financial resources.
3, wireless transmission is used in the monitoring point, and reported data automatically, and when having solved open-air branch and installing, it is loaded down with trivial details that wiring brings, and the manual work amount that reduces greatly; Wireless transmission is supported WIFI 2.4G MANET and GPRS network in addition, has solved the ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING that does not have the GPRS signal area.
4, the hardware of monitoring point and circuit are all according to the standard type selecting and the design of super low-power consumption; And select for use solar poweredly, and adopt the power management scheme of intelligence simultaneously, reduce the energy consumption of product; Solve open-air powerup issue, also solved the problem of the long-time overcast and rainy solar powered deficiency of bringing.In addition, full waterproofing design is adopted in the monitoring point, is provided with waterproof unit, installs to adapt to open-air wet environment.
Description of drawings
According to accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is done further explain below.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of distributed comprehensive ecological environmental monitoring station comprises several monitoring points and supervision and management center.Said monitoring point comprises sensing measurement unit, GPS unit, data acquisition unit, radio communication unit and power supply unit.Said sensing measurement unit is provided with a plurality of sensors, and said sensor is one or more in soil moisture content sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor, air velocity transducer, rain sensor, the baroceptor, can be used for the collection soil temperature; Soil moisture, air themperature, air humidity, wind speed; Wind direction, rainfall amount, information such as air pressure; Can set according to the different monitoring demand, be used to monitor all kinds of ecologic environment information, and information is changed into electric signal export said data acquisition unit to.Said GPS unit is used to obtain the monitoring point geographical location information, exports said data acquisition unit to.Said data acquisition unit is connected with the GPS unit with the sensing measurement unit respectively, is used to receive electric signal and converts measured value to, and receive geographical location information, regularly storage.
Said radio communication unit; Be connected with data acquisition unit, be provided with the GPRS module, be used for and said supervision and management center communication; Measured value and positional information are sent to said supervision and management center, and the GPRS network signal must remain on kilter when disposing the monitoring point.Said radio communication unit also is provided with the WIFI module; Under 2.4G ad-hoc network situation; Be used for communication between the monitoring point, the visual range between the said control point is no more than 1000 meters, selects one of them monitoring point that the covering of GPRS signal is arranged as the combined data monitoring point; The monitor data that gathers all control points in the MANET carries out the GPRS data communication through combined data control point and supervision and management center then.This kind situation is applicable to does not have the ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING of GPRS signal area application scenario.Said power supply unit is connected with sensing measurement unit, GPS unit, data acquisition unit, radio communication unit respectively, adopts solar powered; Comprise battery module, solar energy conversion module and power management module; Be used for to each unit power supply, the installation site of monitoring side will keep that rayed is arranged for a long time, and according to the power consumption situation; Through power management module, set different power management scheme.
Said supervision and management center is connected with said monitoring point through the GPRS wireless transmission channel, operates in environmental administrations at different levels, is special in the collection of distributed comprehensive ecological environmental monitoring station Various types of data and the comprehensive analysis processing platform of control.It comprises Data Receiving unit, data storage cell and analysis and processing unit, and the backstage large database supports, and adopts browser/server (B/S) pattern.Receive, store and handle all kinds of environmental monitoring information that each control point transmits on the one hand, can control, dispose, set operation rule to all monitoring points that is distributed in various places on the other hand.
Said monitoring point also is provided with waterproof unit, installs to adapt to open-air wet environment.
The distributed comprehensive ecological environmental monitoring station that the utility model proposes is except being used in the environmental monitoring industry; Can also be applied to the other industry field; Such as being used in building trade, insert corresponding sensor, can be used in the status monitoring of buildingss such as bridge, dam, iron tower; Be used in the mining industry, insert corresponding sensor, can monitor, play the effect of disaster alarm underground environment of mining area; Be used in medical industry, insert corresponding sensor, can monitor, play real-time tracking and nurse the health information of human body.
So far combined embodiment that the utility model is described.Be familiar with those skilled in the art and should be appreciated that under the situation of scope that does not break away from the utility model and spirit, can easily make various other modifications said embodiment.Therefore, the scope that Rights attached thereto require is not limited to above-mentioned explanation, but broadly construe requirement.

Claims (5)

1. distributed comprehensive ecological environmental monitoring station; Comprise several monitoring points and supervision and management center; It is characterized in that: said monitoring point comprises power supply unit and the sensing measurement unit that is connected with said power supply unit respectively, GPS unit, data acquisition unit, radio communication unit;
Said sensing measurement unit is provided with a plurality of sensors, is used to monitor all kinds of ecologic environment information, and information is changed into electric signal exports said data acquisition unit to;
Said GPS unit is used to obtain the monitoring point geographical location information, exports said data acquisition unit to;
Said data acquisition unit is connected with the GPS unit with the sensing measurement unit respectively, is used to receive electric signal and converts measured value to, and receive geographical location information, regularly storage;
Said radio communication unit is connected with data acquisition unit, is provided with the GPRS module, is used for and said supervision and management center communication, and measured value and positional information are sent to said supervision and management center;
Said power supply unit is used for to each the unit power supply of said monitoring point;
Said supervision and management center comprises Data Receiving unit, data storage cell and analysis and processing unit, is connected with said monitoring point through the GPRS wireless transmission channel.
2. distributed comprehensive ecological according to claim 1 environmental monitoring station is characterized in that said radio communication unit also is provided with the WIFI module, is used for communication between the monitoring point, and the distance between the said control point is no more than 1000 meters.
3. distributed comprehensive ecological according to claim 1 environmental monitoring station is characterized in that said sensor is one or more in soil moisture content sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor, air velocity transducer, rain sensor, the baroceptor.
4. distributed comprehensive ecological according to claim 1 environmental monitoring station is characterized in that said power supply unit comprises battery module, solar energy conversion module and power management module.
5. distributed comprehensive ecological according to claim 1 environmental monitoring station is characterized in that said control point is provided with waterproof unit.
CN2012200086846U 2012-01-11 2012-01-11 Distributed comprehensive ecological environment monitoring station Expired - Fee Related CN202512418U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200086846U CN202512418U (en) 2012-01-11 2012-01-11 Distributed comprehensive ecological environment monitoring station

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200086846U CN202512418U (en) 2012-01-11 2012-01-11 Distributed comprehensive ecological environment monitoring station

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CN202512418U true CN202512418U (en) 2012-10-31

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103676857A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-26 深圳市赛瑞景观工程设计有限公司 Solar ecological environment monitoring distributed-type system
CN108375990A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-08-07 周元忠 A kind of multifuctional solar environmental measuring instrument
CN111272214A (en) * 2020-01-09 2020-06-12 四川轻化工大学 Environment online monitoring system and monitoring method based on wireless network sensor

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103676857A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-03-26 深圳市赛瑞景观工程设计有限公司 Solar ecological environment monitoring distributed-type system
CN103676857B (en) * 2013-12-02 2016-04-13 深圳市赛瑞景观工程设计有限公司 Solar-energy ecological environmental monitoring distributed system
CN108375990A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-08-07 周元忠 A kind of multifuctional solar environmental measuring instrument
CN108375990B (en) * 2018-01-31 2021-05-14 绍兴京越智能科技有限公司 Multifunctional solar environment measuring instrument
CN111272214A (en) * 2020-01-09 2020-06-12 四川轻化工大学 Environment online monitoring system and monitoring method based on wireless network sensor

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Granted publication date: 20121031

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