Prefabricated house is settled in the disaster relief
The utility model relates to a kind of light weight steel structure, relates in particular to a kind of dismountable mobile house that is used for disaster relief transition arrangement.
In the prior art, the concrete bar shaped bases of adopting, the basis of mobile house more, this need harden to the flooring.But prefabricated house is a kind of temporary building, and after dismounting, concrete foundation and ground can occupy cultivated land, and destroys ecological environment, and concrete material is underutilized on the one hand, and the building waste that produces is on the other hand not only wasted resource but also be unfavorable for environmental protection.When the disaster relief is settled, relatively poor because existing mobile house requires height to the basis to the compliance in place, cause speed of application slow, can not satisfy the requirement that desired rapid construction is settled in the disaster relief.Simultaneously, the furred ceiling and the wallboard of mobile house adopt the gypsum plank material more at present, and its thermal and insulating performance is poor, does not meet the requirement of building energy conservation.The outdoor discrepancy in elevation of mobile house is less at present in addition, causes water resistance relatively poor, can not adapt to the requirement of disaster area climate variability.Therefore, disaster relief arrangement field be badly in need of a kind of no on-site concrete construction, can on-the-spot assembling fast, convenient expansion combination,, insulation little to environment damage and water resistance are good, adapt to the dismountable mobile house in severe cold, windy abominable area such as sudden and violent.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of construction simple and fast, environment is not had destruction, good heat insulating and can adapt to the multiple boisterous disaster relief settle prefabricated house to the defective of prior art.
The technical scheme of the utility model is following: prefabricated house is settled in a kind of disaster relief, comprising: the basis, be fixed on the column on the said basis, the roof truss that is connected in said column top, wallboard, be layed in flooring, roof tile and furred ceiling on the said basis.
Said basis comprises many soldier piles and many bottom girders; Said soldier piles bottom is provided with most advanced and sophisticated and injection underground, and ground is given prominence at its top, and said bottom girder is fixedly connected many soldier piles and makes both form an integral body; Said column is fixed on the said bottom girder.
Said wallboard adopts thermal insulating composite panel, is filled with heat insulating material in this thermal insulating composite panel interlayer, adopts the grafting tongue and groove to connect between the adjacent thermal insulating composite panel.
Said furred ceiling adopts thermal insulating composite panel, is filled with heat insulating material in this thermal insulating composite panel interlayer, adopts the grafting tongue and groove to connect between the adjacent thermal insulating composite panel.
Said column top is fixed with hanger, and this hanger is connected and fixed on the earth anchor on ground through a windproof rope.
Said bottom girder is made up of girder and secondary beam, and said girder is formed by connecting the horizon bar more than; The sidewall of adjacent two horizon bar links is stepped and overlap the back along the side each other and fix with bolt or steel nail, and the apical side height of fixing back adjacent level bar is consistent, and every side horizon bar is fixed together through at least one oblique steel dog and said soldier piles.
Said soldier piles and bottom girder woodwork, steel member, concrete prefabricated element or precast member for reinforcing bar concrete for adopting standardized designs and factory's modularization to produce; The pilespacing of said soldier piles is relevant with the house modulus, and all soldier piles form a square formation.
The utility model prefabricated house also comprises the oblique intercolumniation pull bar that is connected between the part adjacent upright posts.
Two C shaped steel that said column adopts bottom land to paste mutually are formed by fixedly connecting, and insert in the notch of this column the end of the said wallboard that joins with said column.
The bottom of said roof truss is fixed with one and falls L shaped connector, and it is affixed that this falls L shaped connector and an inverted T-shaped connector, and the overhang bracket of said furred ceiling is in the left and right sides on this inverted T-shaped connector base.
The utility model prefabricated house also comprises register one's residence step and door socket.
Compared with prior art; The disaster relief of the utility model settles prefabricated house to need not to do at the scene concrete foundation, the construction simple and fast, and bearing capacity is good; Practice thrift cost; Make somebody a mere figurehead owing to this basis makes between building floor and the ground simultaneously, have the big discrepancy in elevation, help waterproof, protection against the tide, insect protected, satisfy the ventilation needs; On the other hand, the soil original appearance is not destroyed on the basis of this prefabricated house, therefore can not produce building waste and destroy the problem of ploughing, and can reuse after the dismounting, very environmental protection; In addition, the wallboard of prefabricated house all adopts thermal insulating composite panel and adopts the grafting tongue and groove to be connected with furred ceiling, and heat bridge effect is little, therefore has good thermal and insulating performance; Each member of prefabricated house is standardized designs, factory normalization production, and the house can make up expansion as requested, and ancillary facilities such as whole washroom, kitchen or bathroom can be installed therein, satisfies the demand of functional diversities; Increased Anti-Typhoon measure in addition with reply disaster area harsh climate environment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 settles the front view of prefabricated house for the utility model disaster relief;
Fig. 2 settles the sectional view of prefabricated house for the utility model disaster relief;
Fig. 3 is said basic 1 structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the syndeton sketch map between said adjacent two horizon bars 123 and the soldier piles 11;
Fig. 5 is the syndeton sketch map of said column 2 and bottom girder 12;
Fig. 6 is the syndeton sketch map of said wallboard 4 and column 2;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation at said furred ceiling 33 and roof truss 31 places.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the embodiment of the utility model is done further detailed description.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the utility model disaster relief settles prefabricated house to comprise: basis 1, column 2, roof truss 31, wallboard 4, flooring 5, roof tile 32, furred ceiling 33, the step 81 of registering one's residence, door socket 82 and canopy 83 etc.Wherein, said column 2 is fixed on the basis 1, and said roof truss 31 is fixed on column 2 tops, the steel work main frame in said basic 1, column 2 and roof truss 31 composition houses.Said wallboard 4 is divided into inner wall panel and side fascia, and side fascia 4 is installed between the adjacent upright posts 2, and door 41 and window 42 also are installed on the part wallboard 4.In order to increase the stable degree of prefabricated house, the also oblique intercolumniation pull bar 7 that is connected with between the adjacent column 2 of part.
As shown in Figure 3; Said basic 1 comprises many soldier piles 11 and many bottom girders 12, and said soldier piles 11 are perpendicular to ground, and its bottom is provided with most advanced and sophisticated to make things convenient for the injection underground; Outstanding ground, its top certain altitude; The pilespacing of said soldier piles 11 is relevant with the house modulus, and all soldier piles 11 form a square formation, also can be arranged in corresponding other shape certainly according to the shape in house.Said bottom girder 12 is fixedly connected many soldier piles 11 and gets up to make both to form a structural entity; Wherein, said bottom girder 12 is made up of girder 121 and secondary beam 122, according to the design in house; When said girder 121 is longer; Can be formed by connecting some horizon bars 123 head and the tail, the periphery that mainly is arranged in 11 gusts of soldier piles with need be than big bear power place, said secondary beam 122 has many and be arranged in parallel in the framework that girder 121 surrounds.Thus, these many girders 121 are supported by all soldier piles 11 with the stressed of secondary beam 122 jointly.The cross section of said soldier piles 11 can be circular, square or polygon etc., and the cross section of said bottom girder 12 can be square or polygon etc., and cross sectional shape is not limit.And said soldier piles 11 can adopt woodwork, steel member, other hardwares, concrete prefabricated element or precast member for reinforcing bar concrete etc. with bottom girder 12, adopt standardized designs and factory's modularization to produce, and can repeated disassembled and assembled use.
As shown in Figure 4; For together with adjacent two horizon bars 123; The sidewall of these adjacent two horizon bars, 123 links is made the stepped of strap bolt hole and is overlapped the back each other along the side and fixes with bolt 81 or steel nail, and the apical side height of fixing back adjacent level bar 123 is consistent, and two sides are concordant.In addition, every side horizon bar 123 is fixed together through at least one oblique steel dog 13 and said soldier piles 11, and this steel dog 13 and horizon bar 123 and soldier piles 11 are in angle of 45 degrees.
As shown in Figure 5, said column 2 bottoms and L shaped metal connecting piece 21 weld in factory in advance, during on-the-spot the installation, with bolt 92 the L shaped metal connecting piece 21 of column 2 bottoms are fixed on and can realize on the bottom girder 12 column 2 and basic 1 be connected.
In order to obtain better heat insulating effect; Said wallboard 4 all adopts thermal insulating composite panel with furred ceiling 33; Be filled with heat insulating material in this thermal insulating composite panel interlayer, said heat insulating material can adopt materials such as glass wool, rock wool, polystyrene, polyurethane, phenolic aldehyde, adopts the grafting tongue and groove to connect between the adjacent thermal insulating composite panel; Heat bridge effect is little, helps insulation.
As shown in Figure 6, two C shaped steel that said column 2 adopts bottom lands to paste mutually are formed by fixedly connecting, and insert in the notch of this column 2 end of the said wallboard 4 that joins with said column 2.
As shown in Figure 7; The bottom of said roof truss 31 is screwed one and falls L shaped connector 34; This vertical plane that falls L shaped connector 34 is fixedly connected with an inverted T-shaped connector 35 through screw rod 93, and the overhang bracket of said furred ceiling 33 is in the left and right sides on these inverted T-shaped connector 35 bases.
As shown in Figure 2, said column 2 top outer are fixed with hanger 61, and this hanger 61 is connected and fixed on the earth anchor 63 on ground through a windproof rope 62, makes that the mobile house of the utility model can be Anti-Typhoon, with the bad weather in reply disaster area.
The disaster relief of the utility model settles prefabricated house to need not earth excavation, do concrete foundation etc., and site operation is very convenient quick, and bearing capacity is high; Make somebody a mere figurehead on outdoor ground the flooring 5 of the prefabricated house after building up, and helps waterproof, protection against the tide, insect protected and satisfied ventilation needs, and another important advantage is: ecological environment is not destroyed on this basis; Do not occupy cultivated land; Removing each member of back can reuse, and does not produce building waste, very environmental protection.The disaster relief of this utility model settles the prefabricated house heat preservation and insulation good in addition, also can be Anti-Typhoon, can fully satisfy the needs that the disaster relief is settled.
The above is the preferred embodiment of the utility model, is not limited to the utility model, all modifications of in the utility model spirit and principle, being done, is equal to replacement or improvement etc., all should be included in the protection domain of the utility model.