CN202317939U - Five-axis-linkage numerical-control tool grinder - Google Patents

Five-axis-linkage numerical-control tool grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202317939U
CN202317939U CN2011204433085U CN201120443308U CN202317939U CN 202317939 U CN202317939 U CN 202317939U CN 2011204433085 U CN2011204433085 U CN 2011204433085U CN 201120443308 U CN201120443308 U CN 201120443308U CN 202317939 U CN202317939 U CN 202317939U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
servomotor
axis
total journey
mount pad
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011204433085U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏一燕
姚凯学
刘光临
安军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUIZHOU INTELLIGENT CONTROL ENGINEERING RESEARCH Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GUIZHOU INTELLIGENT CONTROL ENGINEERING RESEARCH Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUIZHOU INTELLIGENT CONTROL ENGINEERING RESEARCH Co Ltd filed Critical GUIZHOU INTELLIGENT CONTROL ENGINEERING RESEARCH Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011204433085U priority Critical patent/CN202317939U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202317939U publication Critical patent/CN202317939U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a five-axis-linkage numerical-control tool grinder which comprises a grinder bed base and a grinder bed column; and the tool grinder is characterized in that a Y-axis assembly is arranged on the grinder bed base, and the Y-axis assembly is provided with a B-axis assembly; a Z-axis assembly is arranged on the grinder bed column, an X-axis assembly is arranged on the Z-axis assembly, and an A-axis assembly is arranged on the X-axis assembly; and control circuits of a Y-axis servo motor, a B-axis torque servo motor, a Z-axis servo motor, an X-axis servo motor and an A-axis torque servo motor are all connected with a numerical-control workbench. According to the utility model, a five-axis-linkage structure is adopted for controlling the relative positions of a workpiece and a grinding wheel in a three-dimensional space respectively, and besides the conventional motions of the workpiece and the grinding wheel at the positions in the space, the rotation of the workpiece and the grinding wheel is added, so that the processing dead angles of the traditional grinder are overcome, and some complex grinding machining (such as the grinding machining on a front circumferential angle and a rear circumferential angle of a milling cutter, a front angle and a rear angle of an end blade, and a spiral groove, and the grinding machining on arbitrary-modulus gears) can be completed through one-step workpiece clamping, thereby effectively guaranteeing the machining accuracy.

Description

The numerical control tool grinder of five-axle linkage
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of lathe, especially a kind of numerical control tool grinder of five-axle linkage.
Background technology
At present, grinding machine is the lathe that is used for grinding, and being widely used of grinding is one of precision machined main method of machine parts.But; Different according to part to be processed, just need to adopt different grinding angles, most of grinding machines are need carry out multiple clamping usually just to come to realize fully the processing to part; And the repeated clamping workpiece will inevitably cause the decline of machining accuracy, and influences production efficiency.Though now have some grinding machines to adopt multi-shaft interlocked structure to reduce clamping times, can't accomplish all in the processing of some complex parts that all clamping can accomplish the purpose of processing.For example, milling cutter circumference anterior angle, relief angle, end angle of cutting edge, relief angle and spiral fluted grinding, and the grinding of any gear etc.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is: a kind of numerical control tool grinder of five-axle linkage is provided, and it can just can accomplish the complex cutting tool grinding through a clamping workpiece, to overcome the deficiency of prior art.
The utility model is achieved in that the numerical control tool grinder of five-axle linkage, comprises lathe bed basis, lathe bed column, on the lathe bed basis, is provided with the total journey of Y axle, and the total journey of Y axle comprises Y axle servomotor, Y axis rail, Y axis rail slide block and B axle mount pad; On B axle mount pad, be provided with total journey of B axle and the total journey of main shaft emery wheel, the total journey of B axle comprises B axle moment servomotor, and the total journey of main shaft emery wheel comprises main shaft and grinding wheel; On the lathe bed column, be provided with the total journey of Z axle, the total journey of Z axle comprises Z axle servomotor, z axis rail, z axis rail slide block and X axle mount pad; On X axle mount pad, be provided with the total journey of X axle, the total journey of X axle comprises X axle servomotor, X axis rail, X axis rail slide block and A axle mount pad; On A axle mount pad, be provided with the total journey of A axle, the total journey of A axle comprises A axle moment servomotor and workpiece automatic clamping device; Y axle servomotor, B axle moment servomotor, Z axle servomotor, the control circuit of X axle servomotor and A axle moment servomotor all is connected with numerical control table, NC table.Utilize digital control system to realize the full cut-off ring control of five-axle linkage.
Between the installation bearing of all above-mentioned ball screws and servomotor, be provided with the ball screw mount pad of monolithic construction.Such structure can improve the axiality of ball screw and servomotor, guarantees machining accuracy and stability.
On B axle moment servomotor and A axle moment servomotor, be equipped with electromagnetic brake.Simplify the braking equipment occupation space, and improve braking effect.
Below the workpiece automatic clamping device, be provided with cooling device and dresser.
Owing to adopted technique scheme, compared with prior art, the utility model adopts the five-axle linkage structure to control workpiece and the emery wheel relative position at solid space respectively; Except workpiece and the routine motion of emery wheel on the locus, also increased the rotation of workpiece and emery wheel, overcome the processing dead angle of traditional grinding machine; Make some complicated grindings, for example, milling cutter circumference anterior angle, relief angle; End angle of cutting edge, relief angle and spiral fluted grinding; And the grinding of gear arbitrarily, all can just accomplish processing, thereby effectively guarantee machining accuracy through a clamping workpiece.The utility model is implemented easily, and is with low cost, and result of use is good.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the A-A cutaway view of accompanying drawing 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the ball screw of the utility model and the syndeton sketch map of servomotor.
The specific embodiment
The embodiment of the utility model: the structure of the numerical control tool grinder of five-axle linkage is as shown in Figure 1; Comprise lathe bed basis 1, lathe bed column 2, on lathe bed basis 1, be provided with the total journey 3 of Y axle, the total journey 3 of Y axle comprises Y axle servomotor 3-1; Y axis rail 3-2, Y axis rail slide block 3-3 and B axle mount pad 3-4; On B axle mount pad 3-4, be provided with total journey 4 of B axle and the total journey 5 of main shaft emery wheel, the total journey 4 of B axle comprises B axle moment servomotor 4-1, and the total journey 5 of main shaft emery wheel comprises main shaft 5-1 and grinding wheel 5-2; On lathe bed column 2, be provided with the total journey 6 of Z axle, the total journey 6 of Z axle comprises Z axle servomotor 6-1, z axis rail 6-2, z axis rail slide block 6-3 and X axle mount pad 6-4; On X axle mount pad 6-4, be provided with the total journey 7 of X axle, the total journey 7 of X axle comprises X axle servomotor 7-1, X axis rail 7-2, X axis rail slide block 7-3 and A axle mount pad 7-4; On A axle mount pad 7-4, be provided with the total journey 8 of A axle, the total journey 8 of A axle comprises A axle moment servomotor 8-1 and workpiece automatic clamping device 8-2, below workpiece automatic clamping device 8-2, is provided with cooling device and dresser 8-3; Y axle servomotor 3-1, B axle moment servomotor 4-1, Z axle servomotor 6-1, the control circuit of X axle servomotor 7-1 and A axle moment servomotor 8-1 all is connected with numerical control table, NC table; Between the installation bearing of all above-mentioned ball screws and servomotor, be provided with the ball screw mount pad 9 of monolithic construction; On B axle moment servomotor 4-1 and A axle moment servomotor 8-1, be equipped with electromagnetic brake 10.The necessary assembly of installing according to the installation principle of routine and installation requirement and lathe with upper-part carries out corresponding assembling and gets final product.
When milling cutter processing, milling cutter blank 11 clampings are good with workpiece automatic clamping device 8-2 clamping, the output shaft workpiece automatic clamping device 8-2 rotation of A axle moment servomotor 8-1; Thereby milling cutter blank 11 can be rotated on along contrary two directions; When grinding circumference anterior angle, relief angle or helicla flute, B axle moment servomotor 4-1 drives the total journey 5 of main shaft emery wheel and rotates, and A axle moment servomotor 8-1 drives milling cutter blank 11 rotations; After they rotate to predetermined helical angle jointly; The output shaft of A axle moment servomotor 8-1 is held tightly, and processing is accomplished in the Union Movement of YBX axle.Select for use different emery wheels to come grinding end angle of cutting edge, relief angle respectively through moving the Y axle, A axle moment servomotor 8-1 drives and holds tightly after workpiece rotates to assigned address, and the grinding of end angle of cutting edge, relief angle is accomplished in the interlock of ZBX axle.
When grinding worm, through ZY axle interlock emery wheel is carried out the moulding finishing, with the gear clamping good after, through B axle rotation calibration, the XYZ three-shaft linkage is accomplished the grinding of various tooth-profile of gear.

Claims (4)

1. the numerical control tool grinder of a five-axle linkage; Comprise lathe bed basis (1), lathe bed column (2); It is characterized in that: on lathe bed basis (1), be provided with the total journey of Y axle (3); The total journey of Y axle (3) comprises Y axle servomotor (3-1), Y axis rail (3-2), Y axis rail slide block (3-3) and B axle mount pad (3-4); On B axle mount pad (3-4), be provided with total journey of B axle (4) and the total journey of main shaft emery wheel (5), the total journey of B axle (4) comprises B axle moment servomotor (4-1), and the total journey of main shaft emery wheel (5) comprises main shaft (5-1) and grinding wheel (5-2); On lathe bed column (2), be provided with the total journey of Z axle (6), the total journey of Z axle (6) comprises Z axle servomotor (6-1), z axis rail (6-2), z axis rail slide block (6-3) and X axle mount pad (6-4); On X axle mount pad (6-4), be provided with the total journey of X axle (7), the total journey of X axle (7) comprises X axle servomotor (7-1), X axis rail (7-2), X axis rail slide block (7-3) and A axle mount pad (7-4); On A axle mount pad (7-4), be provided with the total journey of A axle (8), the total journey of A axle (8) comprises A axle moment servomotor (8-1) and workpiece automatic clamping device (8-2); Y axle servomotor (3-1), B axle moment servomotor (4-1), Z axle servomotor (6-1), the control circuit of X axle servomotor (7-1) and A axle moment servomotor (8-1) all is connected with numerical control table, NC table.
2. the numerical control tool grinder of five-axle linkage according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the ball screw mount pad (9) that between the installation bearing of all above-mentioned ball screws and servomotor, is provided with monolithic construction.
3. the numerical control tool grinder of five-axle linkage according to claim 1 is characterized in that: on B axle moment servomotor (4-1) and A axle moment servomotor (8-1), be equipped with electromagnetic brake (10).
4. the numerical control tool grinder of five-axle linkage according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with cooling device and dresser (8-3) in workpiece automatic clamping device (8-2) below.
CN2011204433085U 2011-11-10 2011-11-10 Five-axis-linkage numerical-control tool grinder Expired - Fee Related CN202317939U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204433085U CN202317939U (en) 2011-11-10 2011-11-10 Five-axis-linkage numerical-control tool grinder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204433085U CN202317939U (en) 2011-11-10 2011-11-10 Five-axis-linkage numerical-control tool grinder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202317939U true CN202317939U (en) 2012-07-11

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102528620A (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-07-04 贵州英特利智能控制工程研究有限责任公司 Five-axis linkage numerical-control tool grinding machine
CN103722475A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-04-16 苏州道众机械制造有限公司 Shaping grinder
CN103878674A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-06-25 福建省石狮市华联服装配件企业有限公司 Machine head of polishing machine
CN105873719A (en) * 2013-12-30 2016-08-17 尼廷·纳拉延·科尔卡 Five-axis machining apparatus
CN106041700A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-10-26 安徽雷默模具制造有限公司 Gantry numerical control die grinding machine and utilization method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102528620A (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-07-04 贵州英特利智能控制工程研究有限责任公司 Five-axis linkage numerical-control tool grinding machine
CN103722475A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-04-16 苏州道众机械制造有限公司 Shaping grinder
CN103722475B (en) * 2013-11-27 2016-09-21 苏州道众机械制造有限公司 Ox head grinding machine
CN105873719A (en) * 2013-12-30 2016-08-17 尼廷·纳拉延·科尔卡 Five-axis machining apparatus
CN103878674A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-06-25 福建省石狮市华联服装配件企业有限公司 Machine head of polishing machine
CN103878674B (en) * 2014-04-01 2016-06-29 福建省石狮市华联服装配件企业有限公司 A kind of head of buffing machine
CN106041700A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-10-26 安徽雷默模具制造有限公司 Gantry numerical control die grinding machine and utilization method thereof

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120711

Termination date: 20141110

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model