CN202297449U - Biomass carbonization furnace - Google Patents

Biomass carbonization furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202297449U
CN202297449U CN201120413726XU CN201120413726U CN202297449U CN 202297449 U CN202297449 U CN 202297449U CN 201120413726X U CN201120413726X U CN 201120413726XU CN 201120413726 U CN201120413726 U CN 201120413726U CN 202297449 U CN202297449 U CN 202297449U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pyrolysis gas
chamber
biomass
gas leading
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201120413726XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄震
刘卫民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
SUZHOU CHENCHANG NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SUZHOU CHENCHANG NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical SUZHOU CHENCHANG NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201120413726XU priority Critical patent/CN202297449U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202297449U publication Critical patent/CN202297449U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

Abstract

The utility model relates to a biomass carbonization furnace which comprises a burning chamber and a carbonization chamber arranged above the burning chamber. The burning chamber is provided with a feeding port, a discharge port and a pyrolysis gas leading-out port; and a heat transfer jacket is arranged on the periphery of the carbonization chamber. The biomass carbonization furnace further comprises a pyrolysis gas leading-out pipe, a pyrolysis gas leading-in pipe and a fan, wherein one end of the pyrolysis gas leading-out pipe is connected with the pyrolysis gas leading-out port, and the other end of the pyrolysis gas leading-out pipe is connected with a fan inlet; one end of the pyrolysis gas leading-in pipe is communicated with the burning chamber, and the other end of the pyrolysis gas leading-in pipe is communicated with a fan outlet. The biomass carbonization furnace has the beneficial effects that the biomass carbonization furnace is applicable to biomass carbonization; pyrolysis gas in the carbonization chamber is led into the burning chamber for burning; and pyrolysis gas energy sources can be efficiently utilized, so that not only are energy sources saved, are fuels required for the burning chamber reduced, and is the production cost reduced, but also the problem of pollution caused by the fact that organic flue gas is directly discharged into the air is solved.

Description

A kind of biomass carbonated stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of biomass carbonated stove.
Background technology
Resource and environment are the two large problems that the world today faces, reasonable development and to utilize the biomass renewable energy source be the effective measure that solve the energy and environmental problem.Biomass energy accounts for 14% of world energy sources wastage in bulk or weight, is only second to oil, coal and Sweet natural gas, occupies the 4th.The theoretical biomass energy resource of China is about 5,000,000,000 tons (dry weights), is equivalent to more than 20 hundred million tons of standard oil equivalents.Agricultural crop straw is the important component part of biomass energy; China's annual output reaches more than 700,000,000 tons at present; Long term, China's agricultural-forestry biomass ability resource will be above 500,000,000 tons of standard coal equivalents; Yet these agricultural crop straws are except that part is used for countryside kitchen work heating, feed processing and straw-returning, and major part goes out of use or burns, and this not only causes the wasting of resources but also contaminate environment.
Biomass carbonated is a kind of very promising biomass energy utilization technology, and it is under the condition of anoxic and heating, the biomass material pyrolysis is generated the process of the odor component that contains inflammable gas, solid biomass charcoal etc.Prior biological matter charring furnace mainly contains the pusher charring furnace of screw rod, rotary kiln type charring furnace etc.; Prior biological matter charring process method mainly contains the charring process of smouldering, dry distillation charring technology and open type charring process etc.; Because biomass material is loose; Density is lower, and the fluctuation of raw material water ratio is bigger, and there are production cycle length in existing production equipment and technology, are difficult to guarantee defectives such as continuous production, the biomass charcoal quality stability is poor, the biomass charcoal yield is low; Simultaneously also refuses such as cigarette, gas and tar be can directly discharge, the secondary pollution and the wasting of resources caused in biomass carbonated stove production process.
The utility model content
The utility model technical problem to be solved is: provide a kind of can continuity production, recycle the biomass carbonated stove of inflammable gas, environment-friendly high-efficiency effectively.
For addressing the above problem; The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of biomass carbonated stove comprises the combustion chamber and is arranged on the coking chamber of top, combustion chamber that coking chamber is provided with opening for feed, discharge port and pyrolysis gas outlet; Be provided with heat-transferring jacket around the coking chamber; Also comprise pyrolysis gas fairlead, pyrolysis gas inlet tube and blower fan, an end of pyrolysis gas fairlead is connected with pyrolysis gas outlet, and the other end of pyrolysis gas fairlead is connected with fans entrance; One end of pyrolysis gas inlet tube is connected with the combustion chamber, and the other end of pyrolysis gas inlet tube is connected with the blower fan outlet.
Described pyrolysis gas inlet tube is provided with regulated valve.
Described pyrolysis gas fairlead is provided with the tar trap.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: above-mentioned a kind of biomass carbonated stove, it is simple in structure, with low cost.It goes into the pyrolysis conductance in the coking chamber in the combustion chamber to burn; Can efficiently utilize the pyrolysis gas energy, not only practice thrift the energy, reduce the required fuel in combustion chamber; Reduce production cost, but also solved the pollution problem that the direct emptying of organism flue gas is brought.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Among the figure: 1, pyrolysis gas fairlead, 2, pyrolysis gas inlet tube, 3, blower fan, 4, coking chamber, 5, the combustion chamber, 6, regulated valve, 7, opening for feed, 8, discharge port, 9, the tar trap, 10, heat-transferring jacket, 11, flue gas discharge opening, 12, pyrolysis gas outlet.
Embodiment
Through specific embodiment a kind of biomass carbonated stove of the utility model is done further to describe in detail below.
As shown in Figure 1; A kind of biomass carbonated stove; Comprise combustion chamber 5 and be arranged on the coking chamber 4 of 5 tops, combustion chamber; Coking chamber 4 is provided with biomass material opening for feed 7, biomass charcoal discharge port 8 and pyrolysis gas outlet 12, is provided with heat-transferring jacket 10 around the coking chamber 4, utilizes the heat transferred biomass material of this heat-transferring jacket with high-temperature flue gas.One end of pyrolysis gas fairlead 1 links to each other with coking chamber pyrolysis gas outlet 12, and the other end is connected with blower fan 3 inlets, and described pyrolysis gas fairlead is provided with tar trap 9, can utilize this device to capture tar and steam composition in the pyrolysis gas; One end of pyrolysis gas inlet tube 2 links to each other with blower fan 3 outlets, and the other end is connected with combustion chamber 5, and described pyrolysis gas inlet tube 2 is provided with regulated valve 6, can regulate the flow of pyrolysis gas through regulated valve 6.
During use, through induced draft fan 3 the pyrolysis conductance in the coking chamber 4 is gone in the combustion chamber 5 to burn, the flue gas that burning produces is discharged by flue gas discharge opening 11 after heat-transferring jacket 12 heat exchange.This process method makes the energy in the pyrolysis gas to be fully utilized, and has not only practiced thrift the energy, has reduced combustion chamber 5 required fuel, has reduced production cost, but also has solved the pollution problem that the direct emptying of pyrolysis gas is brought.
The above embodiments are the principle and the effect thereof of illustrative the invention only, and the embodiment of part utilization, but not is used to limit the utility model; Should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model creation design, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (3)

1. biomass carbonated stove; Comprise the combustion chamber and be arranged on the coking chamber of combustion chamber top; Coking chamber is provided with opening for feed, discharge port and pyrolysis gas outlet, is provided with heat-transferring jacket around the coking chamber, it is characterized in that: also comprise pyrolysis gas fairlead, pyrolysis gas inlet tube and blower fan; One end of pyrolysis gas fairlead is connected with pyrolysis gas outlet; The other end of pyrolysis gas fairlead is connected with fans entrance, and an end of pyrolysis gas inlet tube is connected with the combustion chamber, and the other end of pyrolysis gas inlet tube is connected with the blower fan outlet.
2. a kind of biomass carbonated stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described pyrolysis gas inlet tube is provided with regulated valve.
3. a kind of biomass carbonated stove according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described pyrolysis gas fairlead is provided with the tar trap.
CN201120413726XU 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Biomass carbonization furnace Expired - Fee Related CN202297449U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120413726XU CN202297449U (en) 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Biomass carbonization furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120413726XU CN202297449U (en) 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Biomass carbonization furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202297449U true CN202297449U (en) 2012-07-04

Family

ID=46366385

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201120413726XU Expired - Fee Related CN202297449U (en) 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Biomass carbonization furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202297449U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102504834A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-06-20 苏州辰昌新能源技术有限公司 Biomass carbonization furnace
CN103254916A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-08-21 湖州市病死害动物处置中心有限公司 Carbonization treatment process and device thereof of animals died of illness
TWI586798B (en) * 2016-01-05 2017-06-11 China Steel Corp Material Heating System for Continuous Carbonization Process

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102504834A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-06-20 苏州辰昌新能源技术有限公司 Biomass carbonization furnace
CN103254916A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-08-21 湖州市病死害动物处置中心有限公司 Carbonization treatment process and device thereof of animals died of illness
CN103254916B (en) * 2013-05-21 2014-11-05 湖州市病死害动物处置中心有限公司 Carbonization treatment process and device thereof of animals died of illness
TWI586798B (en) * 2016-01-05 2017-06-11 China Steel Corp Material Heating System for Continuous Carbonization Process

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: JIANGSU HUAWEI LONGJIU ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TE

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: SUZHOU CHENCHANG NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20141020

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 215600 SUZHOU, JIANGSU PROVINCE TO: 212211 ZHENJIANG, JIANGSU PROVINCE

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20141020

Address after: New town Yangzhong city Jiangsu province 212211 Zhenjiang New Village

Patentee after: Jiangsu Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 215600 Zhangjiagang Suzhou Economic Development Zone (Overseas Students Pioneer Park) Suzhou Jiangsu Changxin New Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Suzhou Chenchang New Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120704

Termination date: 20141027

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model