CN103627415A - Biomass pyrolysis carbonization system equipment - Google Patents

Biomass pyrolysis carbonization system equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103627415A
CN103627415A CN201210296676.0A CN201210296676A CN103627415A CN 103627415 A CN103627415 A CN 103627415A CN 201210296676 A CN201210296676 A CN 201210296676A CN 103627415 A CN103627415 A CN 103627415A
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China
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kettle
biomass
gas
burner hearth
pyrolysis charring
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CN201210296676.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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王柏松
陈水琴
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上海中科岸达节能产品科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201210296676.0A priority Critical patent/CN103627415A/en
Publication of CN103627415A publication Critical patent/CN103627415A/en

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    • Y02E50/14

Abstract

The invention discloses biomass pyrolysis carbonization system equipment and relates to the field of pyrolysis carbonization equipment. The biomass pyrolysis carbonization system equipment is characterized in that a biomass raw material storage tank is connected to a breaker; the breaker is connected to a drying device; the drying device is connected respectively to a dust-removal and desulfurization device and a pyrolysis carbonization rotary furnace; the dust-removal and desulfurization device is connected to an induced draft fan; the induced draft fan is connected to a chimney; the pyrolysis carbonization rotary furnace is connected respectively to an oil-gas separation device and a black carbon storage bin; the oil-gas separation device is connected respectively to a combustible gas bottle storage tank and an oil-water separation device; the oil-water separation device is connected respectively to an oil storage tank and a pyroligneous liquor purifier; and the pyrolysis carbonization rotary furnace is connected to the drying device. The biomass pyrolysis carbonization system equipment realizes high-efficiency carbonization treatment on biomass, continuous feeding and continuous discharge, has a high carbon yield, improves a work environment, realizes industrial production, and has short carbonization time and low energy consumption.

Description

Biomass pyrolytic charing system device

Technical field:

The present invention relates to pyrolysis charring apparatus field, relate in particular to a kind of biomass pyrolytic charing system device and for the pyrolysis carbonization rotary oven of this pyrolysis charring system device.

Background technology:

Along with the exhaustion increasingly of oil and other fossil oils and the concern of the global climate change problem that greenhouse gas emission is caused, develop renewable energy source, improve energy utilization rate, realizing energy-saving and emission-reduction becomes the main melody that world energy sources develops.

The biomass such as crop stalk, forestry waste and weeds are huge renewable resourcess, and biomass energy, as a kind of new forms of energy, has low-sulfur, low nitrogen and zero CO 2the feature of clean discharge.By biomass are carried out to carbonization charring process, be converted into high-quality inflammable gas, charcoal and biomass wet goods Industrial products, it is an important technology route that develops renewable energy source that charing is produced, there are comparatively good economic benefit, social benefit and ecological benefits, become the rural green energy project of state key develop and spread.The technique device of this respect is mainly the traditional stewing charcoal stove of soil and vertical retort at present, and carbonization time is long, and efficiency is low, consumes energy high, and applicable raw materials is very limited; Although the pond formula charring furnace of exploitation improves a lot in charing efficiency and applicable kind recently, also exist and can not continuous dosing produce and go out a charcoal difficult problem.More than existing charring process device all exist can not continuous dosing, continuous discharge, go out that charcoal difficulty is large, operating environment is poor, charing production can not be carried out continuously and the technological deficiencies such as operation can only be interrupted, cause charing production efficiency low, restricting biomass carbonated industrialized development.

Summary of the invention:

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of biomass pyrolytic charing system device, it can carry out high efficiency charing processing to biomass, can continuous dosing, continuous discharge, char yield rate be high, improved operating environment, realize suitability for industrialized production, and it is short to go out the charcoal time, consumes energy low.

In order to solve the existing problem of background technology, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: it comprises biological raw material storing bin 21, shredder assembly 22, drying unit 23, dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24, induced draft fan 25, chimney 26, combustible gas tank stores case 28, storage tank 29, wood vinegar refining plant 30, oily-water seperating equipment 31, gas and oil separating plant 32, pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34, black wood charcoal storage warehouse 35, biological raw material storing bin 21 is connected with shredder assembly 22, shredder assembly 22 is connected with drying unit 23, drying unit 23 respectively with dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24, pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 connects, and dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24 is connected with induced draft fan 25, and induced draft fan 25 is connected with chimney 26, pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 respectively with gas and oil separating plant 32, black wood charcoal storage warehouse 35 connects, gas and oil separating plant 32 respectively with combustible gas tank stores case 28, oily-water seperating equipment 31 connects, oily-water seperating equipment 31 respectively with storage tank 29, wood vinegar refining plant 30 connects, and pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 is connected with drying unit 23.

Described pyrolysis charring rotation 34 comprises charging push rod device 1, feed openings 2, kettle 3, burner hearth 4, exhanst gas outlet 5, circulation heat conduction pipe 6, burner hearth temperature control unit 7, kettle temperature control unit 8, drawing mechanism 10, discharging transport unit 11, discharge openings 12, supporting seat 13, heating unit 14, transmission mechanism 15, feeding unit 16, the outside surface of charging push rod device 1 is slidably connected with the inwall of feeding unit 16, on feeding unit 16, be provided with feed openings 2, feeding unit 16 is connected with one end static and dynamic sealing of kettle 3, two supporting seats 13 are arranged on respectively the both sides of kettle 3, and rotatable support kettle 3, burner hearth 4 is arranged on the outside at kettle 3 middle parts, and the contact site of burner hearth 4 and kettle 3 is that filler suppresses and is tightly connected, the diapire that heating unit 14 is arranged on the downside of burner hearth 4 and penetrates burner hearth 4 enters burner hearth 4 inside, exhanst gas outlet 5, circulation heat conduction pipe 6 is all arranged on the upside of burner hearth 4 and is communicated with burner hearth 4, circulation heat conduction pipe 6 is communicated with the drying unit that is arranged at pyrolysis charring rotary oven outside, exhanst gas outlet 5 is communicated with chimney, burner hearth temperature control unit 7 is arranged on the gap of kettle 3 and burner hearth 4, kettle temperature control unit 8 is arranged on inside and the close pneumatic outlet 9 of kettle 3, pneumatic outlet 9 is arranged on the upside of drawing mechanism 10, drawing mechanism 10 is connected with the other end of kettle 3 and is tightly connected for turning labyrinth, the downside of drawing mechanism 10 is provided with discharging transport unit 11, one side of discharging transport unit 11 is provided with discharge openings 12, transmission mechanism 15 is arranged on a side of kettle 3.

Described kettle 3, the inwall of feeding unit 16 are cylindric.

Described charging push rod device 1 is piston structure or screw conveying structure.

Described discharging transport unit 11 is screw-rod structure or piston structure or blade construction.

Described burner hearth temperature control unit 7, kettle temperature control unit 8 are temperature sensor.

Described burner hearth 4 adopts one or more combinations in refractory brick, insulating brick and ceramic fiber cotton to assemble and forms.

Described transmission mechanism 15 is wheel gearing.

Described drying unit 23 replaces with residual heat using device, by residual heat using device, collect the high-temperature flue gas that pyrolysis charring rotation 34 produces, a heat energy part of collecting is dried to material, another part recycles as heat energy, can can cancel drying unit 23 or residual heat using device according to the demand of material, the high-temperature flue gas that pyrolysis charring rotation 34 produces is directly discharged.

Principle of work of the present invention is: from the biomass material of biological raw material storing bin 21, enter pyrolysis charring part successively after the fragmentation to be scheduled to requires the shredder assembly 22 of broken this biomass material and drying unit 23, and partly carry out charing processing by this pyrolysis charring.More specifically, enter the pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 of pyrolysis charring biomass material partly in this pyrolysis charring part and carry out charing processing, next, the black wood charcoal generating after the charing of pyrolysis charring part is processed enters black wood charcoal storage warehouse 35 for follow-up use, simultaneously, after the charing of pyrolysis charring part is processed, generate the gas that comprises combustible gas and gaseous state tar and enter gas and oil separating plant 32, and carry out gas-oil separation by this gas and oil separating plant 32, tar after separation is through oily-water seperating equipment 31, to isolate tar and wood vinegar, the tar that separation obtains enters storage tank 29 for follow-up use, and the separated wood vinegar obtaining enters wood vinegar refining plant and processes rear outer confession.Tar in storage tank 29 can be provided for various uses.It also comprises reception from the flue gas of pyrolysis charring part and utilizes this fume afterheat to dry the drying unit 23 of biomass, the flue gas of reception after drying unit 23 is processed the dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24 that this flue gas is carried out to dust-removal and desulfurizing processing, and the flue gas through dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24 is attracted to the induced draft fan 25 for the chimney of flue gas discharge, thereby discharge flue gas up to standard.

In the present invention, the principle of work of pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 is: when biomass material enters this pyrolysis charring rotary oven from the feed openings 2 of feeding unit 16, first biomass material is sent to one end of kettle 3 by the charging push rod device 1 of feeding unit 16, and the other end to kettle 3 transmits by kettle 3 rotations.Simultaneously, the middle portion that 14 pairs of kettlies 3 of heating unit are positioned at burner hearth 4 inside is heated to 350 ℃-450 ℃, thereby when biomass material rotates the middle portion of process kettlies 3 by kettle 3, biomass material is heated and carries out charing processing at this middle portion, and then produces black wood charcoal, tar and combustion gas.Next, the black wood charcoal producing is sent to the other end of kettle 3 by kettle 3 rotations, and discharge from discharge openings 12 by the discharging transport unit 11 on drawing mechanism 10, and the combustion gas producing and gaseous state tar are discharged from by the pneumatic outlet 9 of drawing mechanism 10 upsides.

In the present invention, exhanst gas outlet 5 and circulation heat conduction pipe 6 are positioned at the top of burner hearth 4, and are communicated with burner hearth 4.Specifically, circulation heat conduction pipe 6 is communicated with the drying unit that is arranged at pyrolysis charring rotary oven outside, and 5 of exhanst gas outlets are directly communicated with chimney.By such structure, under normal operation, the flue gas that heating unit 14 produces when burner hearth 4 internal-combustion is discharged from chimney through circulation heat conduction pipe 6, drying unit respectively.And in the process of low speed or a small amount of charing, the flue gas that heating unit 14 produces when burner hearth 4 internal-combustion is directly discharged through exhanst gas outlet 5, chimney.More specifically, the flue gas producing during in burner hearth 4 internal-combustion when heating unit 14 enters after drying unit through circulation heat conduction pipe 6, this drying unit utilizes fume afterheat not to be dried also entering the biomass material of kettle 3, then make this flue gas enter dust-removing desulfurating apparatus, then pass through smoke stack emission.By such structure, can effectively utilize the heat producing in biomass processes process, saved widely the energy.

The present invention can realize input and output material operation continuously in the process of biomass being carried out to charing, and guaranteed the sealing property between each connecting portion and transmission position in biomass carbonated process, thereby guaranteed the anaerobic environment of kettle 3 inside in carbonization process.Further, by the charing rotary oven providing, after biomass material is carried out to charing processing, obtained the polymorphic fuel such as black wood charcoal, tar and combustion gas, the recycle that has effectively solved self energy in biomass carbonated process, has realized energy-conservation object effectively.

The present invention can carry out high efficiency charing processing to biomass, can continuous dosing, continuous discharge, char yield rate be high, improved operating environment, realizes suitability for industrialized production, and it is short to go out the charcoal time, consumes energy low.

Accompanying drawing explanation:

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention,

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment two,

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 in the present invention.

Embodiment one:

Referring to Fig. 1, this embodiment adopts following technical scheme: it comprises biological raw material storing bin 21, shredder assembly 22, drying unit 23, dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24, induced draft fan 25, chimney 26, combustible gas tank stores case 28, storage tank 29, wood vinegar refining plant 30, oily-water seperating equipment 31, gas and oil separating plant 32, pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34, black wood charcoal storage warehouse 35, biological raw material storing bin 21 is connected with shredder assembly 22, shredder assembly 22 is connected with drying unit 23, drying unit 23 respectively with dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24, pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 connects, and dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24 is connected with induced draft fan 25, and induced draft fan 25 is connected with chimney 26, pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 respectively with gas and oil separating plant 32, black wood charcoal storage warehouse 35 connects, gas and oil separating plant 32 respectively with combustible gas tank stores case 28, oily-water seperating equipment 31 connects, oily-water seperating equipment 31 respectively with storage tank 29, wood vinegar refining plant 30 connects, and pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 is connected with drying unit 23.

Referring to Fig. 3, described pyrolysis charring rotation 34 comprises charging push rod device 1, feed openings 2, kettle 3, burner hearth 4, exhanst gas outlet 5, circulation heat conduction pipe 6, burner hearth temperature control unit 7, kettle temperature control unit 8, drawing mechanism 10, discharging transport unit 11, discharge openings 12, supporting seat 13, heating unit 14, transmission mechanism 15, feeding unit 16, the outside surface of charging push rod device 1 is slidably connected with the inwall of feeding unit 16, on feeding unit 16, be provided with feed openings 2, feeding unit 16 is connected with one end static and dynamic sealing of kettle 3, two supporting seats 13 are arranged on respectively the both sides of kettle 3, and rotatable support kettle 3, burner hearth 4 is arranged on the outside at kettle 3 middle parts, and the contact site of burner hearth 4 and kettle 3 is that filler suppresses and is tightly connected, the diapire that heating unit 14 is arranged on the downside of burner hearth 4 and penetrates burner hearth 4 enters burner hearth 4 inside, exhanst gas outlet 5, circulation heat conduction pipe 6 is all arranged on the upside of burner hearth 4 and is communicated with burner hearth 4, circulation heat conduction pipe 6 is communicated with the drying unit that is arranged at pyrolysis charring rotary oven outside, exhanst gas outlet 5 is communicated with chimney, burner hearth temperature control unit 7 is arranged on the gap of kettle 3 and burner hearth 4, kettle temperature control unit 8 is arranged on inside and the close pneumatic outlet 9 of kettle 3, pneumatic outlet 9 is arranged on the upside of drawing mechanism 10, drawing mechanism 10 is connected with the other end of kettle 3 and is tightly connected for turning labyrinth, the downside of drawing mechanism 10 is provided with discharging transport unit 11, one side of discharging transport unit 11 is provided with discharge openings 12, transmission mechanism 15 is arranged on a side of kettle 3.

Described kettle 3, the inwall of feeding unit 16 are cylindric.

Described charging push rod device 1 is piston structure or screw conveying structure.

Described discharging transport unit 11 is screw-rod structure or piston structure or blade construction.

Described burner hearth temperature control unit 7, kettle temperature control unit 8 are temperature sensor.

Described burner hearth 4 adopts one or more combinations in refractory brick, insulating brick and ceramic fiber cotton to assemble and forms.

Described transmission mechanism 15 is wheel gearing.

Described drying unit 23 replaces with residual heat using device, residual heat using device is collected the high-temperature flue gas that pyrolysis charring rotation 34 produces, a heat energy part of collecting is dried to material, another part recycles as heat energy, can can cancel drying unit 23 or residual heat using device according to the demand of material, the high-temperature flue gas that pyrolysis charring rotation 34 produces is directly discharged.

The principle of work of this embodiment is: from the biomass material of biological raw material storing bin 21, enter pyrolysis charring part successively after the fragmentation to be scheduled to requires the shredder assembly 22 of broken this biomass material and drying unit 23, and partly carry out charing processing by this pyrolysis charring.More specifically, enter the pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 of pyrolysis charring biomass material partly in this pyrolysis charring part and carry out charing processing, next, the black wood charcoal generating after the charing of pyrolysis charring part is processed enters black wood charcoal storage warehouse 35 for follow-up use, simultaneously, after the charing of pyrolysis charring part is processed, generate the gas that comprises combustible gas and gaseous state tar and enter gas and oil separating plant 32, and carry out gas-oil separation by this gas and oil separating plant 32, tar after separation is through oily-water seperating equipment 31, to isolate tar and wood vinegar, the tar that separation obtains enters storage tank 29 for follow-up use, and the separated wood vinegar obtaining enters wood vinegar refining plant and processes rear outer confession.Tar in storage tank 29 can be provided for various uses.It also comprises reception from the flue gas of pyrolysis charring part and utilizes this fume afterheat to dry the drying unit 23 of biomass, the flue gas of reception after drying unit 23 is processed the dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24 that this flue gas is carried out to dust-removal and desulfurizing processing, and the flue gas through dust-removing desulfurating apparatus 24 is attracted to the induced draft fan 25 for the chimney 26 of flue gas discharge, thereby discharge flue gas up to standard.

In this embodiment, the principle of work of pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34 is: when biomass material enters this pyrolysis charring rotary oven from the feed openings 2 of feeding unit 16, first biomass material is sent to one end of kettle 3 by the charging push rod device 1 of feeding unit 16, and the other end to kettle 3 transmits by kettle 3 rotations.Simultaneously, the middle portion that 14 pairs of kettlies 3 of heating unit are positioned at burner hearth 4 inside is heated to 350 ℃-450 ℃, thereby when biomass material rotates the middle portion of process kettlies 3 by kettle 3, biomass material is heated and carries out charing processing at this middle portion, and then produces black wood charcoal, tar and combustion gas.Next, the black wood charcoal producing is sent to the other end of kettle 3 by kettle 3 rotations, and discharge from discharge openings 12 by the discharging transport unit 11 on drawing mechanism 10, and the combustion gas producing and gaseous state tar are discharged from by the pneumatic outlet 9 of drawing mechanism 10 upsides.

In this embodiment, exhanst gas outlet 5 and circulation heat conduction pipe 6 are positioned at the top of burner hearth 4, and are communicated with burner hearth 4.Specifically, circulation heat conduction pipe 6 is communicated with the drying unit that is arranged at pyrolysis charring rotary oven outside, and 5 of exhanst gas outlets are directly communicated with chimney.By such structure, under normal operation, the flue gas that heating unit 14 produces when burner hearth 4 internal-combustion is discharged from chimney through circulation heat conduction pipe 6, drying unit respectively.And in the process of low speed or a small amount of charing, the flue gas that heating unit 14 produces when burner hearth 4 internal-combustion is directly discharged through exhanst gas outlet 5, chimney.More specifically, the flue gas producing during in burner hearth 4 internal-combustion when heating unit 14 enters after drying unit through circulation heat conduction pipe 6, this drying unit utilizes fume afterheat not to be dried also entering the biomass material of kettle 3, then make this flue gas enter dust-removing desulfurating apparatus, then pass through smoke stack emission.By such structure, can effectively utilize the heat producing in biomass processes process, saved widely the energy.

Embodiment two:

Referring to Fig. 2, what this embodiment was different from embodiment one is that it also comprises vacuum fan 27, snubber assembly 33, combustible gas tank stores case 28 is connected with vacuum fan 27, and vacuum fan 27 is connected with snubber assembly 33, and snubber assembly 33 is connected with pyrolysis charring rotary oven 34.Other composition and annexation are identical with embodiment one.

Vacuum fan 27 in this embodiment can be drawn into the combustible gas in combustible gas bin 28 in the snubber assembly 33 such as compressor etc., and sends into pyrolysis charring part by this snubber assembly 33, partly produces heat energy use for pyrolysis charring.

This embodiment can realize input and output material operation continuously in the process of biomass being carried out to charing, and guaranteed the sealing property between each connecting portion and transmission position in biomass carbonated process, thereby guaranteed the anaerobic environment of kettle 3 inside in carbonization process.Further, by the charing rotary oven providing, after biomass material is carried out to charing processing, obtained the polymorphic fuel such as black wood charcoal, tar and combustion gas, the recycle that has effectively solved self energy in biomass carbonated process, has realized energy-conservation object effectively.

This embodiment can be carried out high efficiency charing processing to biomass, can continuous dosing, continuous discharge, char yield rate be high, improved operating environment, realizes suitability for industrialized production, and it is short to go out the charcoal time, consumes energy low.

Claims (9)

1. biomass pyrolytic charing system device, is characterized in that it comprises biological raw material storing bin (21), shredder assembly (22), drying unit (23), dust-removing desulfurating apparatus (24), induced draft fan (25), chimney (26), combustible gas tank stores case (28), storage tank (29), wood vinegar refining plant (30), oily-water seperating equipment (31), gas and oil separating plant (32), pyrolysis charring rotary oven (34), black wood charcoal storage warehouse (35), biological raw material storing bin (21) is connected with shredder assembly (22), shredder assembly (22) is connected with drying unit (23), drying unit (23) respectively with dust-removing desulfurating apparatus (24), pyrolysis charring rotary oven (34) connects, and dust-removing desulfurating apparatus (24) is connected with induced draft fan (25), and induced draft fan (25) is connected with chimney (26), pyrolysis charring rotary oven (34) respectively with gas and oil separating plant (32), black wood charcoal storage warehouse (35) connects, gas and oil separating plant (32) respectively with combustible gas tank stores case (28), oily-water seperating equipment (31) connects, oily-water seperating equipment (31) respectively with storage tank (29), wood vinegar refining plant (30) connects, and pyrolysis charring rotary oven (34) is connected with drying unit (23).
2. biomass pyrolytic charing system device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described pyrolysis charring rotary oven (34) comprises charging push rod device (1), feed openings (2), kettle (3), burner hearth (4), exhanst gas outlet (5), circulation heat conduction pipe (6), burner hearth temperature control unit (7), kettle temperature control unit (8), drawing mechanism (10), discharging transport unit (11), discharge openings (12), supporting seat (13), heating unit (14), transmission mechanism (15), feeding unit (16), the outside surface of charging push rod device (1) is slidably connected with the inwall of feeding unit (16), on feeding unit (16), be provided with feed openings (2), feeding unit (16) is connected with one end static and dynamic sealing of kettle (3), two supporting seats (13) are arranged on respectively both sides and the rotatable support kettle (3) of kettle (3), burner hearth (4) is arranged on the outside at kettle (3) middle part, and the contact site of burner hearth (4) and kettle (3) is that filler suppresses and is tightly connected, the diapire that heating unit (14) is arranged on the downside of burner hearth (4) and penetrates burner hearth (4) enters burner hearth (4) inside, exhanst gas outlet (5), circulation heat conduction pipe (6) is all arranged on the upside of burner hearth (4) and is communicated with burner hearth (4), circulation heat conduction pipe (6) is communicated with the drying unit that is arranged at pyrolysis charring rotary oven outside, exhanst gas outlet (5) is communicated with chimney, burner hearth temperature control unit (7) is arranged on the gap of kettle (3) and burner hearth (4), kettle temperature control unit (8) is arranged on inside and the close pneumatic outlet (9) of kettle (3), pneumatic outlet (9) is arranged on the upside of drawing mechanism (10), drawing mechanism (10) is connected with the other end of kettle (3) and is tightly connected for turning labyrinth, the downside of drawing mechanism (10) is provided with discharging transport unit (11), one side of discharging transport unit (11) is provided with discharge openings (12), transmission mechanism (15) is arranged on a side of kettle (3).
3. biomass pyrolytic charing system device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described charging push rod device (1) is for piston structure.
4. biomass pyrolytic charing system device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described charging push rod device (1) replaces with screw conveying structure.
5. biomass pyrolytic charing system device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described discharging transport unit (11) is screw-rod structure.
6. biomass pyrolytic charing system device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described discharging transport unit (11) replaces with piston structure.
7. biomass pyrolytic charing system device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that it also comprises vacuum fan (27), snubber assembly (33), combustible gas tank stores case (28) is connected with vacuum fan (27), vacuum fan (27) is connected with snubber assembly (33), and snubber assembly (33) is connected with vacuum carbonized rotary oven (34).
8. biomass pyrolytic charing system device according to claim 1, the principle of work that it is characterized in that it is: from the biomass material of biological raw material storing bin (21), enter pyrolysis charring part successively after the fragmentation to be scheduled to requires the shredder assembly (22) of broken this biomass material and drying unit (23), and partly carry out charing processing by this pyrolysis charring, more specifically, enter the pyrolysis charring rotary oven (34) of pyrolysis charring biomass material partly in this pyrolysis charring part and carry out charing processing, next, the black wood charcoal generating after the charing of pyrolysis charring part is processed enters black wood charcoal storage warehouse (35) for follow-up use, simultaneously, after the charing of pyrolysis charring part is processed, generate the gas that comprises combustible gas and gaseous state tar and enter gas and oil separating plant (32), and carry out gas-oil separation by this gas and oil separating plant (32), tar after separation is through oily-water seperating equipment (31), to isolate tar and wood vinegar, the tar that separation obtains enters storage tank (29) for follow-up use, and the separated wood vinegar obtaining enters wood vinegar refining plant and processes rear outer confession, flue gas after drying unit (23) is processed the dust-removing desulfurating apparatus (24) that this flue gas is carried out to dust-removal and desulfurizing processing, and the flue gas through dust-removing desulfurating apparatus (24) is attracted to the induced draft fan (25) for the chimney (26) of flue gas discharge, thereby discharge flue gas up to standard.
9. biomass pyrolytic charing system device according to claim 1, the principle of work that it is characterized in that pyrolysis charring rotary oven (34) is: when biomass material enters this pyrolysis charring rotary oven from the feed openings (2) of feeding unit (16), first biomass material is sent to one end of kettle (3) by the charging push rod device (1) of feeding unit (16), and the other end to kettle (3) transmits by kettle (3) rotation; Simultaneously, heating unit (14) is positioned at the inner middle portion of burner hearth (4) to kettle (3) and is heated to 350 ℃-450 ℃, thereby when biomass material rotates the middle portion of process kettle (3) by kettle (3), biomass material is heated and carries out charing processing at this middle portion, and then produces black wood charcoal, tar and combustion gas; Next, the black wood charcoal producing is sent to the other end of kettle (3) by kettle (3) rotation, and discharge from discharge openings (12) by the discharging transport unit (11) on drawing mechanism (10), and the combustion gas producing and gaseous state tar are discharged from by the pneumatic outlet (9) of drawing mechanism (10) upside.
CN201210296676.0A 2012-08-21 2012-08-21 Biomass pyrolysis carbonization system equipment CN103627415A (en)

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Cited By (13)

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CN104031667A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-09-10 福建金年能源有限公司 Air intake system of rotary furnace
CN104232124A (en) * 2014-09-23 2014-12-24 济南联星石油化工有限公司 Biomass pyrolysis carbonization gasification device
CN104910935A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-16 辛集兴源生物科技有限公司 Biomass carbon, gas, oil, liquid, heat, electricity poly-generation device and method
CN105273767A (en) * 2014-06-06 2016-01-27 鹿岩 Biomass pyrolysis gasification system with heat energy displacement function
CN106147808A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-23 苏州绿岛环保设备制造有限公司 The useless solid resource conversion technique of a kind of environmental protection
CN106479536A (en) * 2016-04-01 2017-03-08 首都师范大学 Rice straw charcoal production equipment and the technique for producing charcoal
CN106833779A (en) * 2017-02-05 2017-06-13 上海为然环保科技有限公司 A kind of practical biological raw material system of structure
CN107541224A (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-01-05 北京三聚绿能科技有限公司 A kind of biomass continuously carbonizing handling process
CN107699260A (en) * 2017-09-24 2018-02-16 苏州雷度生物科技有限公司 Biomass decomposition carbonization device
CN107805511A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-03-16 葛永昌 Organic solid waste continuous carbonization pyrolysis charring method for innocent treatment
CN107880914A (en) * 2017-09-24 2018-04-06 苏州雷度生物科技有限公司 A kind of efficient biomass cutting carbonizing apparatus
CN109054877A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-21 河南博顿生物科技有限公司 A kind of biomass carbonated equipment and charing method
CN110305676A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-10-08 华中科技大学 A kind of carbonaceous solids raw material is from maintaining pyrolysis system

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CN106479536A (en) * 2016-04-01 2017-03-08 首都师范大学 Rice straw charcoal production equipment and the technique for producing charcoal
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