CN202232097U - Single and double seeding strip precision wheat seeder - Google Patents

Single and double seeding strip precision wheat seeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202232097U
CN202232097U CN2011203999584U CN201120399958U CN202232097U CN 202232097 U CN202232097 U CN 202232097U CN 2011203999584 U CN2011203999584 U CN 2011203999584U CN 201120399958 U CN201120399958 U CN 201120399958U CN 202232097 U CN202232097 U CN 202232097U
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China
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row
double
seeding unit
rows
seeding
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011203999584U
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Chinese (zh)
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周勋波
陈雨海
吴海燕
毕建杰
李全起
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周勋波
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Priority to CN2011203999584U priority Critical patent/CN202232097U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a single and double seeding strip precision wheat seeder of which the seeding apparatus comprises a single-row seeding apparatus and a double-row seeding apparatus, wherein two rows of indentations arranged in a staggered manner are formed on the single-row seeding apparatus, and a seeding pipe is connected to the lower part of the single-row seeding apparatus; four rows of indentations evenly distributed in a staggered manner are formed on the double-row seeding apparatus, the quantity of the four rows of indentations is the same with that of the double rows of indentations on the single-row seeding apparatus, and two seeding pipes are connected to the lower part of the double-row seeding apparatus; and the transverse mean distance between a ingle-row furrow opener and a double-row furrow opener is 20 cm, and the transverse centre distance of the double-row furrow opener is 5 cm. In the utility model, the phenomena of crowded plants is effectively reduced, the habitat conditions are improved, the tillering capability is improved, the combination of promoting and inhibiting is achieved, the self-control capability of groups is greatly improved, the operation is simple and easy, the cost is low, and the single and double seeding strip precision wheat seeder conforms to traditional planting habits, and is easily accepted and popularized by the masses.

Description

Seedling band single-double-row pneumatic precision seeder
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery, especially seeding machinery.
Background technology
Its structure of domestic and international existing wheat seeder is identical substantially, all is made up of frame, land wheel, seed-box, seeding unit, the pipe of sowing, plough, transmission device.The seeding unit surface is provided with the seeding cave of even layout, and at transmission device gearratio one regularly, the quantity in seeding cave has determined the spacing in the rows of sowing, and the distance that is provided with of plough has determined line-spacing and the single-double-row form sowed.The sower that with the tractor is power is installed 5 to the plough more than 10, and each plough is only broadcast delegation's seed and claimed " single line sower ".Because the seed on single line under the certain condition of every mu of kind amount is too close, wheat tillering is formed certain inhibitory action, so also occurred a grow wheat " two-wire Precision Seeding machine " recently; It is with establishing two grain tubes on the seeding unit; Per two grain tubes are connected in the shovel formula plough simultaneously, two mouths of sowing about the inboard formation of plough, and sowing for two separates with " V " type baffle plate between the mouth; Two mouthful center distance 3-5cm that sow; Make compact arranged seed on the single line change the seed of sparse arrangement on the two-wire of spacing 3-5cm into like this, every like this " single line " becomes two " single lines ", becomes the narrow row and small plant spacing cropping pattern.
Yet because that wheat has a tillering ability is strong, initial basic seedling has than big-difference with final mature spike number; Although and the narrow row and small plant spacing plantation has promoted to tiller, because early stage, tillering quantity was too high, ineffective tillering is many; The fertility closing light irrational distribution of the middle and later periods sheltering from heat or light, utility rate of luminous energy descends.
How can promote to tiller, be unlikely to again to tiller too much, just need further to improve cropping pattern.After deliberation, seedling band single-double-row cropping pattern can overcome above-mentioned deficiency.Single file has the effect that certain inhibition is tillered, and duplicate rows can promote to tiller, owing to have only two row, it is too much to be unlikely to again to tiller, and has so just formed close-thin interval and has occurred, and presses down-urge the new model of combination.
And present wheat seeder does not also have this seedling band single-double-row pneumatic precision seeder of planting patterns at interval all by the design of general planting pattern.Therefore the wheat seeder that needs a kind of new cropping pattern.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to seedling band single-double-row cropping pattern, proposes a seedling band single-double-row pneumatic precision seeder.
One seedling band single-double-row pneumatic precision seeder; Form by frame, land wheel, seed-box, cave cellular type seeding unit, the pipe of sowing, plough, chain gearing; It is characterized in that; Cave cellular type seeding unit is divided into single file seeding unit and duplicate rows seeding unit, and the single file seeding unit is provided with two row holes, staggered cave, connects the pipe of sowing below the single file seeding unit; The duplicate rows seeding unit is provided with four row holes, even staggered cave, and the cave hole count that four rows' cave hole count and single file seeding unit two arranged equates, is connected with two pipes of sowing below the duplicate rows seeding unit; The horizontal average distance 20cm of single-row boot and divided boot, divided boot transverse center distance is 5cm.
The utility model major advantage compared with prior art:
The one, be that single-double-row occurs at interval during wheat cultivation; The total application rate of duplicate rows equates with single file in its seedling band, and every capable application rate is 1/2 of a single file in the duplicate rows seedling band, and duplicate rows seedling band has presented equally distributed characteristics; The individual plant space is sparse relatively; Effectively reduced between strain and crowded, habitat conditions improves, and tillering ability strengthens.
The 2nd, single file is close in the seedling band, duplicate rows thin; The spacing in the rows of single file seedling band is 2-3cm, and the spacing in the rows of duplicate rows seedling band is 4-6cm, has formed the structure that thin-close spacing occurs; Duplicate rows in the seedling band helps increasing colony's quantity; Improve the fertility leaf area index in early stage greatly, reduced light loss, improved individual utilization soil nutrient, moisture and luminous energy; And single file is because spacing in the rows is less, to a certain extent appropriate inhibition tiller, avoid producing and too much tiller and make colony excessive; That this dredge-Mi structure planting technology has realized is short-press down and combine, greatly increased colony's self regulating and control ability.
The 3rd, with size row plantation, wide cut Precision Seeding plantation, etc. the integration of technological merits such as line-spacing plantation, equally distributed rare spacing in the rows plantation, greatly strengthened the ability of crop groups self-adaptation environment, help improving the utilization ratio of crop to environmental resource; Realize that fringe is big, grain is many, grain is heavy; And then reach the purpose of stable high yield, easy to operation, cost is low; Meet traditional planting habit, be easy to received and obtain promoting by the masses.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a seedling band single-double-row pneumatic precision seeder schematic rear view;
Fig. 2 is a seedling band single-double-row wheat precision drilling sketch map.
Marginal data, the 1-seed-box; 2-single file seeding unit; 3-duplicate rows seeding unit; The 4-frame; The 5-pipe of sowing; The 6-transmission device; The 7-land wheel; The 8-plough.
A represents the spacing in the rows of single file seedling band, and b represents the horizontal average distance of single-row boot and divided boot, and c represents the spacing in the rows of duplicate rows seedling band, and d represents divided boot transverse center distance.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a seedling band single-double-row pneumatic precision seeder is made up of frame 4, land wheel 7, seed-box 1, cave cellular type seeding unit, the pipe 5 of sowing, plough 8, transmission device 6.Wherein, cave cellular type seeding unit is divided into single file seeding unit 2 and duplicate rows seeding unit 3, and single file seeding unit 2 is provided with two circle holes, staggered cave, and every circle has hole, 36 caves; Connect the pipe 5 of sowing below the single file seeding unit 2; Duplicate rows seeding unit 3 is provided with four row holes, even staggered cave, and four rows' cave hole count equates that with single file seeding unit two rows' cave hole count promptly every circle has hole, 18 caves; Be connected with two pipes 5 of sowing below the duplicate rows seeding unit 3; The horizontal average distance b=20cm of single-row boot 2 and divided boot 3, divided boot 3 transverse center distance is d=5cm.
As shown in Figure 2, behind this planting with sowing machine, spacing in the rows a=(2-3) cm of single file seedling band, spacing in the rows c=2a=(4-6) cm of duplicate rows seedling band; 6 seedling bands only are shown among the figure, and three pairs of single-double-rows add up to 9 row, dredge-appearance of Mi spacing structure.

Claims (1)

1. a seedling band single-double-row pneumatic precision seeder; It is made up of frame, land wheel, seed-box, cave cellular type seeding unit, the pipe of sowing, plough, chain gearing; It is characterized in that; Cave cellular type seeding unit is divided into single file seeding unit and duplicate rows seeding unit, and the single file seeding unit is provided with two row holes, staggered cave, connects the pipe of sowing below the single file seeding unit; The duplicate rows seeding unit is provided with four row holes, even staggered cave, and the cave hole count that four rows' cave hole count and single file seeding unit two arranged equates, is connected with two pipes of sowing below the duplicate rows seeding unit; The horizontal average distance 20cm of single-row boot and divided boot, divided boot transverse center distance is 5cm.
CN2011203999584U 2011-10-19 2011-10-19 Single and double seeding strip precision wheat seeder Expired - Fee Related CN202232097U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203999584U CN202232097U (en) 2011-10-19 2011-10-19 Single and double seeding strip precision wheat seeder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203999584U CN202232097U (en) 2011-10-19 2011-10-19 Single and double seeding strip precision wheat seeder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202232097U true CN202232097U (en) 2012-05-30

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CN2011203999584U Expired - Fee Related CN202232097U (en) 2011-10-19 2011-10-19 Single and double seeding strip precision wheat seeder

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102356714A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-02-22 周勋波 Seedling zone single double-row wheat precision seeder
CN102845166A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-02 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Wheat wide seedlings ridge band-shaped sowing machine
CN107980295A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-05-04 济南新绿洲农业发展有限公司 A kind of essence amount wheat cultivation device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102356714A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-02-22 周勋波 Seedling zone single double-row wheat precision seeder
CN102356714B (en) * 2011-10-19 2013-09-11 周勋波 Seedling zone single double-row wheat precision seeder
CN102845166A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-02 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Wheat wide seedlings ridge band-shaped sowing machine
CN102845166B (en) * 2012-09-29 2015-04-08 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Wheat wide seedlings ridge band-shaped sowing machine
CN107980295A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-05-04 济南新绿洲农业发展有限公司 A kind of essence amount wheat cultivation device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120530

Termination date: 20131019