CN202039886U - Temperature adjusting device of ice storage of coal mine escape capsule - Google Patents

Temperature adjusting device of ice storage of coal mine escape capsule Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202039886U
CN202039886U CN2011201178840U CN201120117884U CN202039886U CN 202039886 U CN202039886 U CN 202039886U CN 2011201178840 U CN2011201178840 U CN 2011201178840U CN 201120117884 U CN201120117884 U CN 201120117884U CN 202039886 U CN202039886 U CN 202039886U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ice
cold
air
compressor
adjusting
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Application number
CN2011201178840U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张玉洲
张雪
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张玉洲
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Priority to CN2011201178840U priority Critical patent/CN202039886U/en
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Publication of CN202039886U publication Critical patent/CN202039886U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a temperature adjusting device of the ice storage of a coal mine escape capsule, which belongs to the escape capsule field for a coal mine. The temperature adjusting device is used in the coal mine escape capsule, comprises an electric control box (1) and a cooling unit (12), and is characterized in that an ice storage device is added between the electric control box (1) and a compressor (9) of the cooling unit (12); the upper part of the ice storage device is connected with the electric control box (1) and is connected with an air outlet of the compressor (9) through a liquid supply pipe (7) and the lower part of the ice storage device is connected with an air suction inlet of the compressor (9) through a liquid return pipe (8); and the other end plane of the ice storage device is provided with an air inlet (14) and an air outlet (15). The temperature adjusting device has the advantages of long cooling duration time, significant cooling effect and the like and is safer and more reliable; power-off cooling is realized; and air is purified so that the air can not cause secondary damage on human bodies.

Description

Mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device
Technical field
Mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device belongs to the colliery and uses the survival capsule field, is specifically related to a kind of temperature-adjusting device in the survival capsule under the emergency condition that is used for.
Background technology
At present, when known mine rescue capsule and conditioner thereof are mainly used in the metalliferous mine accident, be miner's Creating Comfort life condition of in the emergency-sheltering chamber, taking refuge, the most common air-conditionings that adopt in external emergency-sheltering chamber are controlled temperature, air-conditioner host can place refuge chamber inside, and compressor must be external, therefore, in the colliery that explosion accident takes place frequently, the explosion-proof of active parts such as refuge chamber compressor of air conditioner are the problems of having to face; In addition, in confined space, to keep the humiture that makes the people comfortable, need enough electric power and keep the operation of air-conditioning, and external power cuts off during mine disaster, can only lean on powered battery under the catastrophe state, in time to freeze, need a large amount of electric energy of deposit, thereby cause in the cabin battery volume excessive, bring problems difficult in maintenance, each side such as cost is higher, potential safety hazard.
In addition, the falling temperature technique that uses in the domestic survival capsule mainly contains liquid CO 2 falling temperature technique, air conditioner and water pump falling temperature technique, the liquid CO 2 falling temperature technique exists cooling-down effect bad, time is too short, smell stimulates very much, make that personnel can't stand in the survival capsule, the defective that personnel's health in the survival capsule is damaged; Air conditioner that survival capsule uses at present and water pump falling temperature technique are when accident occurring, cut off the power supply immediately in the coal mine, and air conditioner and water pump need large power supply, and battery can not provide air conditioner and the required power supply of water pump, so can not realize cooling; And the pernicious gas that personnel discharge in the survival capsule, smell have no idea to handle, and can not realize in the survival capsule, for a long time air temperature modification.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device that provide a kind of longer duration of lowering the temperature, realize unpowered cooling, air passes through purified treatment.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: this mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device, be used for the colliery survival capsule, comprise electric control box and refrigeration unit, it is characterized in that: between the compressor of electric control box and refrigeration unit, set up cold accumulating device by ice, cold accumulating device by ice top connects with electric control box, connect with compressor outlet by feed pipe, the bottom connects with the compressor air suction mouth by return duct, and the cold accumulating device by ice other end is provided with air intake and air outlet.
Described cold accumulating device by ice comprises ice cold-storage casing and is installed in its inner refrigeration piping, air circulation treating apparatus, air and refrigerating evaporator, refrigeration piping is divided into two sections, one section connection feed pipe, another section connects return duct, connects refrigerating evaporator between two sections.In ice cold-storage casing, load tap water, be used to produce ice cube, avoid producing the gas that has penetrating odor, personnel's health in the survival capsule is caused the secondary injury.
Described air comprises blast pipe and discharge pipe, and blast pipe one end connects air intake, and discharge pipe one end connects air outlet, connects the air circulation treating apparatus between blast pipe and the discharge pipe.
Be filled with active carbon or deodorant in the described air circulation treating apparatus, air is carried out purified treatment, the pernicious gas that personnel discharge in the removal survival capsule and the smell of gas are for personnel in the survival capsule provide comfortable humiture.For improving clean-up effect, can in the air circulation treating apparatus, be coated with photocatalyst.
Described feed pipe connects compressor outlet and refrigeration piping one end, and feed pipe is provided with stop valve and expansion valve.
Be filled with cold-producing medium in the described refrigeration piping.
Described ice cold-accumulating box external body is provided with insulation layer and stainless steel fixed head.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the utility model had is:
1, realizes unpowered cooling: under normal circumstances power by the colliery power supply, cold accumulating device by ice realizes producing cold-storage ice, as standby low-temperature receiver in the survival capsule, when accident appears in the colliery, behind all dumps, under unpowered situation, personnel can rely on cold accumulating device by ice to provide for oneself in the survival capsule battery and deposit ice cube are realized the air conditioning cooling.
2, temperature fall time is long, cooling-down effect is remarkable: refrigeration unit and cooling module are located in the equipment compartment of survival capsule, charge into cold-producing medium in the feed pipe and connect cold accumulating device by ice, set the adjusting temperature by micro computer temperature intelligent controller, when cold accumulating device by ice finish produce cold-storage ice after, just transfer automatic mode to and do not need power supply, when temperature heats up once more, cold accumulating device by ice is produced cold-storage ice again automatically, until finishing producing of cold-storage ice, therefore, can lay in enough cold-storage ice, guarantee to begin and to lower the temperature continuously more than 100 hours from accident occurring.
3, gas purification is handled, minimizing injures the human body secondary: be provided with the air circulation treating apparatus in the cold accumulating device by ice, handle personnel discharge in the survival capsule pernicious gas and smell, and adopt tap water to produce ice cube in the cold accumulating device by ice, the utilization ice cube is lowered the temperature to air, do not produce any irritative gas, can not cause the secondary injury personnel in the survival capsule.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structure annexation schematic diagram.
Wherein: 1, electric control box 2, intelligent controller 3, temp probe 4, water inlet pipe 5, stop valve 6, expansion valve 7, feed pipe 8, return duct 9, compressor 10, condensate pipe 11, condenser 12, refrigeration unit 13, refrigeration piping 14, air intake 15, air outlet 16, air circulation treating apparatus 17, insulation layer 18, ice cold-storage casing 19, blast pipe 20, discharge pipe 21, refrigerating evaporator.
Fig. 1 is a most preferred embodiment of the present utility model, is described further below in conjunction with 1 pair of the utility model of accompanying drawing:
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing 1:
This mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device, be used for the colliery survival capsule, comprise electric control box 1 and refrigeration unit 12, between the compressor 9 of electric control box 1 and refrigeration unit 12, set up cold accumulating device by ice, cold accumulating device by ice top connects with electric control box 1, connect with compressor 9 air outlets by feed pipe 7, be provided with temp probe 3 between cold accumulating device by ice and the electric control box 1, feed pipe 7 connects compressor 9 and refrigeration piping 13 1 ends, feed pipe 7 is provided with stop valve 5 and expansion valve 6, the cold accumulating device by ice bottom connects with compressor 9 air intakes by return duct 8, and the cold accumulating device by ice other end is provided with air intake 14 and air outlet 15.
The condenser 11 of refrigeration unit 12 can adopt water cooled condenser or air cooling condenser.
Cold accumulating device by ice comprises ice cold-storage casing 18 and is installed in its inner refrigeration piping 13, air circulation treating apparatus 16, air and refrigerating evaporator 21, ice cold-storage casing 18 outsides are provided with insulation layer 17 and stainless steel fixed head, refrigeration piping 13 is divided into two sections, inside is filled with cold-producing medium, one section connection feed pipe 7, another section connects between 8, two sections of return ducts and connects refrigerating evaporator 21.
Air comprises blast pipe 19 and discharge pipe 20, blast pipe 19 1 ends connect air intake 14, discharge pipe 20 1 ends connect air outlet 15, connect air circulation treating apparatus 16 between blast pipe 19 and the discharge pipe 20, be filled with active carbon or deodorant in the air circulation treating apparatus 16, be coated with photocatalyst in the air circulation treating apparatus 16, be used, further improve sterilization, deodorizing, clean-up effect with ultraviolet light.
The course of work is as follows:
The utility model is when work, be divided into two stages, be divided into ice making stage and temperature adjustment stage, it at first is the ice making stage, connect power supply, refrigeration unit 12 runnings, compressor 9 begins refrigeration, refrigerant in the compressor 9 is by the cooling module sweat cooling, enter the refrigeration piping of icing in the cold-storage casing 18 13 through feed pipe 7 then, be attached to the refrigerating evaporator of icing in the cold-storage casing 18 21 by refrigeration piping 13 again, water in the ice cold-storage casing 18 is begun refrigeration, the refrigerant of draw heat is again by the air entry of return duct 8 circulating refluxs to refrigeration compressor 9, realize the reciprocation cycle refrigeration thus, in ice cold-storage casing 18, progressively produce ice cube, after reaching design temperature, ice cube is produced and is finished, and stops kind of refrigeration cycle by micro computer temperature intelligent controller 2 control, and finishing to produce when cold accumulating device by ice needs just to transfer automatic mode to after icy, do not need power supply, when temperature heated up once more, cold accumulating device by ice was produced cold-storage ice again automatically, until finishing cold-storage ice, therefore, can lay in enough cold-storage ice, the ice cube of producing can be in insulation ice cold-storage casing 18 long-term storage, assurance begins and can lower the temperature continuously more than 100 hours from accident occurring.
Second stage is the temperature adjustment stage; promptly when accident occurring; all dumps; personnel can open the battery switch of cold accumulating device by ice in the survival capsule; air in the survival capsule enters the blast pipe 19 of air from the air intake 14 of cold accumulating device by ice one end face; enter discharge pipe 20 from blast pipe 19 through air circulation treating apparatus 16; by the ice cube in the ice cold-storage casing 18 air in blast pipe 19 and the discharge pipe 20 is lowered the temperature; after discharge pipe 20; discharge by air outlet 15; air after the cooling enters in the survival capsule, realizes the circulation cooling thus, reach design temperature after; autostop; when temperature raise once more, cold accumulating device by ice started once more and begins cooling, so circulation; can realize adjustment in the survival capsule; and owing to be filled with active carbon in the air circulation treating apparatus 16; deodorant or air freshener etc. can be removed the smell in the gas simultaneously, keep pure and fresh air.
In addition, adopt tap water to produce ice cube in the ice cold-storage casing 18, cooling can not produce any gas that has penetrating odor then, avoids the health of personnel in the survival capsule is caused the secondary injury.
The above, it only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not to be the restriction of the utility model being made other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.But every technical solutions of the utility model content that do not break away to any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling that above embodiment did, still belongs to the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model according to technical spirit of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. mine rescue capsule is iced the cold-storage temperature-adjusting device, be used for the colliery survival capsule, comprise electric control box (1) and refrigeration unit (12), it is characterized in that: between the compressor (9) of electric control box (1) and refrigeration unit (12), set up cold accumulating device by ice, cold accumulating device by ice top connects with electric control box (1), connect with compressor (9) gas outlet by feed pipe (7), the bottom connects with compressor (9) air entry by return duct (8), and the cold accumulating device by ice other end is provided with air intake (14) and air outlet (15).
2. mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cold accumulating device by ice comprises ice cold-storage casing (18) and is installed in its inner refrigeration piping (13), air circulation treating apparatus (16), air and refrigerating evaporator (21), refrigeration piping (13) is divided into two sections, one section connection feed pipe (7), another section connects return duct (8), connects refrigerating evaporator (21) between two sections.
3. mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described air comprises blast pipe (19) and discharge pipe (20), blast pipe (19) one ends connect air intake (14), discharge pipe (20) one ends connect air outlet (15), connect air circulation treating apparatus (16) between blast pipe (19) and the discharge pipe (20).
4. according to claim 2 or 3 arbitrary described mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting devices, it is characterized in that: be filled with active carbon and deodorant in the described air circulation treating apparatus (16).
5. mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed pipe (7) connects compressor (9) gas outlet and refrigeration piping (13) one ends, and feed pipe (7) is provided with stop valve (5) and expansion valve (6).
6. according to claim 2 or 5 described mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting devices, it is characterized in that: described refrigeration piping is filled with cold-producing medium in (13).
7. mine rescue capsule ice cold-storage temperature-adjusting device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described ice cold-storage casing (18) outside is provided with insulation layer (17) and stainless steel fixed head.
CN2011201178840U 2011-04-20 2011-04-20 Temperature adjusting device of ice storage of coal mine escape capsule CN202039886U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201178840U CN202039886U (en) 2011-04-20 2011-04-20 Temperature adjusting device of ice storage of coal mine escape capsule

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CN202039886U true CN202039886U (en) 2011-11-16

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518468A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-06-27 西安东风仪表厂 Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy
CN102562121A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-11 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Ice storage refrigerating system for powerless refuge chamber or rescue cabin
CN102587954A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-18 无锡康宁防爆电器有限公司 Anti-explosion and ice-storage air conditioning device of mine escape capsule
CN102587969A (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-07-18 山东福生矿安科技有限公司 Life-saving capsule for mine
CN102979548A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-03-20 中国黄金集团建设有限公司 Constant-temperature cold conveying system of underground movable-type escape capsule and refuge chamber
CN103011096A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-04-03 山西汾西机电有限公司 Air-source purification device for mining nitrogen-making machine
CN103162459A (en) * 2013-02-28 2013-06-19 西安理工大学 Combined type refrigeration cleaning machine

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518468A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-06-27 西安东风仪表厂 Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy
CN102518468B (en) * 2011-12-23 2014-02-05 西安东风仪表厂 Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy
CN102587954A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-18 无锡康宁防爆电器有限公司 Anti-explosion and ice-storage air conditioning device of mine escape capsule
CN102587969A (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-07-18 山东福生矿安科技有限公司 Life-saving capsule for mine
CN102562121A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-11 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Ice storage refrigerating system for powerless refuge chamber or rescue cabin
CN103011096A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-04-03 山西汾西机电有限公司 Air-source purification device for mining nitrogen-making machine
CN102979548A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-03-20 中国黄金集团建设有限公司 Constant-temperature cold conveying system of underground movable-type escape capsule and refuge chamber
CN102979548B (en) * 2012-12-13 2015-07-08 中国黄金集团建设有限公司 Constant-temperature cold conveying system of underground movable-type escape capsule and refuge chamber
CN103162459A (en) * 2013-02-28 2013-06-19 西安理工大学 Combined type refrigeration cleaning machine

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111116

Termination date: 20140420

C17 Cessation of patent right