CN104456766A - Multi-mode intelligent environment-friendly air conditioning complete-set product - Google Patents

Multi-mode intelligent environment-friendly air conditioning complete-set product Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104456766A
CN104456766A CN201410644334.2A CN201410644334A CN104456766A CN 104456766 A CN104456766 A CN 104456766A CN 201410644334 A CN201410644334 A CN 201410644334A CN 104456766 A CN104456766 A CN 104456766A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy
air
heat
thermal source
cold
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CN201410644334.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏华山
沈自全
叶福生
陈言彬
江云峰
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Wa Stone Cement Group Wuhan Science And Technology Ltd In All Ages
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Wa Stone Cement Group Wuhan Science And Technology Ltd In All Ages
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Priority to CN201410644334.2A priority Critical patent/CN104456766A/en
Publication of CN104456766A publication Critical patent/CN104456766A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/56Casing or covers of separate outdoor units, e.g. fan guards
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/24Means for preventing or suppressing noise
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers

Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-mode intelligent environment-friendly air conditioning complete-set product. The multi-mode intelligent environment-friendly air conditioning complete-set product can be used for refrigeration and heating by means of electric power and can also be used for refrigeration and heating by means of other energy, for example, a solar thermal collector can be used for heating, and an electronic semiconductor can be used for refrigeration and heating, liquefied fuel gas can be used for assisting in heating so as to prevent frosting in cold places, and the situation that the heating effect becomes poor is prevented; in order to guarantee the indoor air quality, a microcomputer is used for intelligent control, the indoor air quality is detected in multiple aspects, then corresponding devices are controlled automatically according to a detection result, harmful gas is decomposed or collected, dust particulate matter is filtered and discharged, virus cells are killed and removed, indoor air temperature and indoor air humidity are regulated automatically, fresh oxygen is replenished automatically, wind direction and wind speed can be regulated automatically according to the activity condition of a human body, and automatic detection and automatic regulation are controlled in a unified mode through a special intelligent control panel.

Description

A kind of Multimode Intelligent environmental protection air conditioning complete sets of products
Technical field
The present invention relates to the manufacture field of air-conditioning and indoor air purification product, especially the manufacture field of air-conditioning series products.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the raising of living standards of the people, air-conditioning various occasion installation and use more and more, but the personnel worked in air conditioner surroundings for a long time, often feel much depressed, weak, dry, drowsiness, courbature, the situation of even catching a cold also usually occurs, operating efficiency and health status obviously decline, cause the attribution cause of these bad reactions very many, be after installing an air-conditioner on the one hand, room air is relatively more closed, the gas majority that indoor various decoration and structural material send is harmful, outdoor can not be got rid of in time, on the other hand, due to closed environment atmosphere draught-free, water droplet in air conditioner, easy breed bacteria in some local areas etc., these all cause certain injury to health, add in recent years, and outdoor air pollution is also day by day serious, the discharge of the chemical waste of factory, pernicious gas and the particles, particularly PM2.5 particle such as the dust that various architectural engineering produces are more and more serious, even if window ventilation, and outdoor contaminated air, dust granules thing enters indoor, people still can be made to feel to feel bad very much, work the mischief to health, also has, from indoor, the noise of outdoor electric equipment, drip noise, electromagnetic radiation etc., all can affect people's work, life, even healthy.
According to investigation, in a day of people, the time of nearly more than 85% spends in the indoor of relative closure, the quality of life of people, operating efficiency and healthy degree are all closely bound up with indoor environmental quality, particularly air quality, along with rapid development of economy, and the petering out of the energy, prevent air pollution environmental and economize energy, become topmost two hang-ups in our times various countries.
Before patent of the present invention occurs, it is very abundant that various energy consumption product, air improve product, such as domestic air conditioning, on-board air conditioner, industrial air-conditioning, domestic gas-fired water heater, air clarifier, oxygen disinfection sterilizing device etc.:
1. air-conditioning and air regulator, its core is actually a kind of by the device (make sink temperature lower) of the heat energy transfer of low-temperature heat source (hereinafter referred to as low-temperature receiver) to high temperature heat source, be called heat pump, the temperature of confined space in certain limit can be regulated, to meet the requirement of human comfort or processing technology, simultaneously can with reducing space absolute humidity, air-conditioning can be divided into window air conditioner according to mounting means, wall-hanging air conditioner, cabinet air-conditioner, the four large classes such as center-control air-conditioning, air-conditioning can be divided into family expenses again according to use occasion, industrial, vehicle-mounted three major types such as grade, these air-conditionings substantially all use electric power as operating power source at present, and be all that the low-temperature heat source of refrigeration or the high temperature heat source that heats directly are come into operation
2. air improves product and mainly refers to air purifier, it can adsorb, decomposes or transform various air pollution composition, such as, dust, finely ground particles (PM2.5), pollen, formaldehyde, bacterium etc. and so on, the product of effective raising air cleanliness, multiple different technology and medium is applied in air purifier, enable it provide air that is clean and safety to user, conventional air purifying process has: adsorption technology, negative ions technology, catalysis technique, photocatalyst technology, molecular sieve filtration technology, electrostatic precipitation etc. technology; Material technology mainly contains: photocatalyst, active carbon, synthetic fibers, anion generator etc., and existing air purifier is adopted as compound more, namely have employed multiple purification techniques and material medium simultaneously.
Present situation various model common air-conditioning Problems existing point:
1. all there is a problem being difficult to overcome in common air-conditioning, no matter be split air conditioner, all-in-one, central air-conditioning etc., all condensed water can be produced during its work, make air oxygen detrition, make people uncomfortable, also cause indoor humidity, the breed bacteria of locally dripping, or produce the noise that drips, affect neighbours downstairs and have a rest and work; The place that winter is colder, off-premises station also can frosting, affects heat exchange, the heating effect in winter is reduced, adds compressor power consumption, even if add high-power, easier frosting, impact heats more, forms vicious circle, air-conditioning even also can be caused to work
2. use present common air-conditioning, total to the uncomfortable sensation of people, during cooling in summer, although air-conditioner temperature shows 25 ° of about C, the temperature of actual air-conditioner air outlet, well below 25 ° of C, generally, is approximately 4 ° of C ~ 6 ° about C, temperature is lower, the air being actually air entrainment 36 ° of more than C of 4 ° of C blows face, blows people if direct for a long time, and application on human skin can be made to dewater, make people uncomfortable, time serious, occur the problem such as dry, skin cracks; Winter is when heating, although air-conditioner temperature shows 26 ° of about C, the temperature of actual air-conditioner air outlet is far away higher than 26 ° of C, generally, be approximately 40 ° of about C, temperature is higher, and the air being actually air entrainment 5 ° of C ~ 6 ° C of 40 ° of more than C blows face, if direct for a long time, people is blown, make people uncomfortable equally
3. present air-conditioning, generally all detection alarm is not carried out to room air, and carry out purifying and reduction treatment according to testing result, the publicity of some air-conditioning can be dried to room air, the natural additional effect of one when being in fact air conditioner refrigerating, the publicity of some air-conditioning possesses ventilatory, so-called ventilatory, also just simply just room air toward outdoor row, make indoor formation to a certain degree negative pressure, outdoor air enters indoor from surrounding crack between a door and its frame, window seam, and reaching the object improving IAQ, is not real hommization comfort air conditioning
4. in the environment of common air-conditioning, air oxygen detrition, airtight space, the breathing of people constantly produces carbon dioxide, the oxygen in continuous consumed cabin air, and gas concentration lwevel is constantly raised, oxygen concentration constantly declines, and IAQ is declined, and air quality worse and worse, time one is long, will inevitably affect healthy, make people uncomfortable, if want to improve air, to window ventilation, increase energy resource consumption again
5. common air-conditioning, even if normal service condition, its outdoor machine part, often constantly will open, stop, on-off frequency is generally at 8 times per hour, cycle period is generally at about 7 minutes, and start-stop work conversion is frequent, reduces the service life of air-conditioning, add air-conditioning to client and buy burden, meanwhile, because start-stop is frequent, the power of compressor is also corresponding will be done comparatively large, add production cost to air-conditioning manufacturing enterprise
6. the thermal source of off-premises station or low-temperature receiver do not utilize well, be substantially all directly and air carry out exchanging and having discarded, both wasted energy, and affected environment, and sometimes also can produce illeffects, such as, the frosting of outdoor evaporator appearance, affects operating efficiency; And for example, outdoor condenser dispels the heat, and affects surrounding plants growth etc.
In addition, present air-conditioning, have a power failure if electric power is not enough or abnormal, just cannot use completely, during summer, indoor temperature will soon rise, and affects work or life; During winter, indoor temperature will soon decline, and affects work and life equally.
Summary of the invention
In order to improve the deficiency that present situation air-conditioning exists, to user create one comfortable, clean indoor air environment, reduce energy resource consumption simultaneously as far as possible, all thermals source produced in Appropriate application air-conditioning work to greatest extent, low-temperature receiver, the invention discloses a kind of Multimode Intelligent environmental protection air conditioning complete sets of products, compressor heat pump can be used to freeze, heat, electronic semi-conductor's heat pump refrigerating can also be used, heat, solar energy (thermal-collecting tube etc.) can also be used to heat, fuel gas high efficiency stove etc. can also be used to heat, in order to using electricity wisely or work as power tense, when extremely having a power failure, other modes can be used to heat, again by energy storage liquid medium (normally water, hereinafter referred to as water) be transferred to and indoor carry out heat exchanger with air, for to heating of house, the place that winter is colder, can also use fuel gas high efficiency stove to carry out heat auxiliary, prevent outdoor evaporator frosting, become a product that the various ways energy can be utilized to carry out room air adjustment, for ensureing IAQ, employing microcomputer-recognized intelligent controls, many-side can be carried out to IAQ to detect, such as: detect pernicious gas CO, CO2, VOC(SO2, NH3, formaldehyde) amount, detect smog, dust, the suspension amount of fine particle thing (PM2.5), detect virus, the change of bacterium, and indoor temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, the quality of the room airs such as oxygen recoverable amount and motion state, then, according to testing result, automatic control related device, pernicious gas is decomposed or collects, carry out filtration to dust granules thing to get rid of, virus and bacteria is killed clean, and automatically regulate indoor air temperature, humidity, automatically the oxygen of clean and safe is supplemented, also can automatically adjust wind direction and wind speed according to physical activity situation, these detect automatically and self-checking device unification controls by special intelligent control section is unified.
The bin enclosure that off-premises station of the present invention adopts insulation material to make, in structure, surrounding is with shutter, is furnished with fan, during starting fan, shutter is opened automatically, can outside blast-cold hot blast, when fan does not start, shutter automatic shutdown seal, not blast-cold hot blast to the outside, play insulation effect; During cooling in summer, the heat energy of off-premises station by with thermal source energy-storage box inside cool-heat-exchanger carry out exchange energy storage, off-premises station does not need outwards to discharge thermal source, and fan does not start, and shutter is closed, and does not have thermal source to waste; Winter is when heating, the low-temperature receiver of off-premises station by with low-temperature receiver energy-storage box inside cool-heat-exchanger carry out exchange energy storage, off-premises station does not need outwards to discharge low-temperature receiver yet, and fan does not start, and shutter is closed, and does not have low-temperature receiver to waste; When low-temperature receiver or thermal source store full, intelligent control unit starts outdoor machine fan automatically, shutter is opened automatically, unnecessary low-temperature receiver, thermal source outwards can be discharged, like this, when ambient temperature is extremely low, auxiliary in conjunction with fuel gas high efficiency stove heat, even if can guarantee in extremely cold place, outdoor evaporator unit also can not produce the phenomenon of frosting, can not affect compressor operating and efficiency.
In the present invention, cool-heat-exchanger does not directly contact with air all the time, cool-heat-exchanger and aqueous medium carry out positive energy exchange, aqueous medium passes to fin again, the area ratio cool-heat-exchanger area of fin is much bigger, its temperature differs less with indoor temperature, also effect that quick-cooling, heating exchanges can be reached, can not produce condensed water, air can not become dry, fin can make the shell of indoor set, during device start, heat pump work, start fan simultaneously, can fast-refrigerating or heat, when indoor temperature is close to design temperature, fan stops, fin and air proceed cold and hot exchange, air, in indoor convection circulation holding temperature, does not have the noises such as fan, and this is one of key technology of the present invention, another key technology is that indoor set have employed micro computer embedded system, comprehensive monitoring is carried out to IAQ and air condition, and the purification of control respective air and air processor process room air automatically, ensure that IAQ maintains desirable state always, once exceed specification limit, automatic alarm and automatically repair reduction, such as, can absorb indoor carbon dioxide, can by oxygenerator to indoor increase oxygen, like this, for user provides the air ambient of safety and comfort, also has network communicating function simultaneously, network remote can be realized control, the general air-conditioning of present situation also only has the setting of temperature and the display of humidity, there is no the function that other detect IAQ and regulate and control.
In addition, on the basis of common air-conditioning, add two store energy source box, one is thermal source energy-storage box, one is low-temperature receiver energy-storage box, winter is when heating, the thermal source that condenser in thermal source energy-storage box discharges by thermal source energy-storage box dexterously and other thermals source are (such as: solar energy heat collection pipe, high-efficient gas burning stove, the thermal source etc. of air energy thermal water stove) merge, warm oneself for winter, for domestic hot-water etc., realize various energy resources to utilize simultaneously, realize multi-mode working energy function, simultaneously, another energy-storage box, namely evaporimeter needs discarded low-temperature receiver to collect by low-temperature receiver energy-storage box dexterously, be not wasted, can be used for making ice cube, frozen water etc., on the contrary, during cooling in summer, the useful low-temperature receiver of evaporimeter collects by low-temperature receiver energy-storage box, and for indoor refrigeration, meanwhile, condenser needs discarded thermal source to collect by another energy-storage box, i.e. thermal source energy-storage box dexterously, uses for providing hot water, refrigeration, when heating conversion, pass through intelligence control system, automatically room air adjustment portion is connected with corresponding Cooling and Heat Source energy-storage box, like this, even if all energy providing unit all quit work, the energy of energy-storage box also can maintain indoor air temperature and free convection a few hours, still adopts the structure of this storage energy without any the air-conditioning of type.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 illustrates
Accompanying drawing l is total structure figure of the present invention, mainly comprises three parts, and a part is indoor set part, primarily of compositions such as room air adjustment and cold and hot switching part, room air detecting portion, air quality processing section, intelligent control part; Another part is outdoor machine part, primarily of part compositions such as fuel gas high efficiency stove, cold-heat-exchanging exchange system, compressor cooling cyclic part, electronic apparatus; Part III is that the energy supplements and annex, primarily of solar thermal collector, thermal source energy-storage box, electronic semi-conductor's refrigerating part, low-temperature receiver energy-storage box and installation connecting pipe line, valve and protection insulation material.
The indoor set part of 100 part intelligent environment protection air conditioning complete sets of products mainly completes the detection of IAQ and air condition and according to testing result, starts corresponding device and repair accordingly air quality or the function such as status adjustment.
110 part room airs regulate and cold and hot switching part, make the structure of fin formula, so-called fin, be similar to the fin of warming oneself winter, with fin unlike, it both may be used for heating can also be used for refrigeration, inside there is also mounted cool-heat-exchanger unit in compressor refrigeration system, around can by cold and hot energy trasfer to fin or transfer to energy-storage box by aqueous medium, because the area of the contact area rate common air-conditioning cool-heat-exchanger of fin and air is much bigger, its heat exchange is evenly quick, do not need the larger temperature difference, just can obtain the transfer of good thermal source and exchange effect, even if cooling in summer, indoor also can not produce condensed water, local area can not be made moist owing to dripping, breed bacteria, the room air conditioner of this structure can have multiple-working mode, starting working, need rapidly cooling and warming time, use cold-producing medium+wind pattern, during this work pattern, compressor heat pump work, starting fan, water circulation stops, cool-heat-exchanger is to the liquid medium heating inside fin or refrigeration, medium is by cold and hot energy trasfer to fin, and fan blows fin, reaches fast-refrigerating and heats, when indoor temperature reach or close to design temperature time, cold-producing medium+aqueous mode can be used, during this work pattern, compressor heat pump work, fan stops, and water circulation starts, and cool-heat-exchanger is to the liquid medium heating inside fin or refrigeration, on the one hand medium by cold and hot energy trasfer to fin, on the other hand, medium passes through circulation, by unnecessary energy trasfer to energy-storage box, room air, by self-heating convection circulation, reaches cooling and warming object, can also use later and send aqueous mode, during this work pattern, compressor quits work, and fan stops, water circulation starts, energy storage units brings energy into fin formula by aqueous medium, and room air and fin carry out cold and hot exchange, by self-heating convection circulation, reach cooling and warming object, switching between various pattern, can Non-follow control, can also be automatically switched according to setting by Intelligent Measurement.
120 part room air detecting portion can detect pernicious gas CO, CO2, VOC(SO2, NH3, formaldehyde in room air as required) amount, detect the suspension amount of smog, dust, fine particle thing (PM2.5), detect the change of virus, bacterium, detected temperatures, humidity, oxygen amount, and quality and the motion state such as detected pressures, wind direction, wind speed.
130 partial air filter, oxygen balance, disinfection, the processing sections such as CO, CO2, VOC are repaired IAQ and are reduced, and they accept the instruction of intelligent control part, the corresponding treating apparatus of open and close, these devices both can as the part fits work of inside environment-friendly air conditioner, can also be self-contained unit, be communicated with intelligent control part by standard interface, accept the instruction works of intelligent control part.
140 part intelligent control part can carry out complete detection to the quality of room air, and judge whether to meet safety and health request according to testing result, if there is exceeding specification requirement, intelligent control part can alarm, automatically can start corresponding device to carry out repairing and reduction treatment, such as, when Carbon Dioxide in Air too high levels, automatically can open soda lime capping to absorb, through absorbing, when Carbon Dioxide in Air content reaches requirement, automatic closedown capping, again such as, when the oxygen amount in air is lower than ideal range, automatically oxygen production unit can be started, fresh pure safe oxygen is supplemented to room air, intelligent control part also can automatic sensing human body, when there being people to enter, automatically can opening air-conditioning, starting corresponding mode of operation according to arranging, when people leaves, automatically can close air-conditioning, intelligent control part is network-connectable also, can Long-distance Control air-conditioning, and Remote Acquisitioning room air detects data.
It is the interface that indoor set is connected with off-premises station that 150 parts install connectors 1, mainly contains the interface of feed-line, electrical cable etc. of refrigerant circulation pipeline, various connection valve, the cold and hot energy.
The outdoor machine part of 200 part intelligent environment protection air conditioning complete sets of products is primarily of part compositions such as fuel gas high efficiency stove, cold-heat-exchanging exchange system, compressor refrigerant cyclic part, electronic apparatus part, installation connectors.
The utilization of 210 Some gases high efficiency furnaces is one of key components of the present invention, present situation common air-conditioning, winter is time colder, off-premises station is very easy to produce frost, improved although some air-conditioning does some, method is by off-premises station reverse operation, off-premises station is made to carry out the heat release of short time, but effect is undesirable, fundamentally can not solve the problem of frosting, first the present invention is by collection of energy by cold and hot energy-storage box, off-premises station does not need usually to outdoor positive energy exchange, can not frosting, when stored energy is full, it is auxiliary that recycling fuel gas high efficiency stove carries out heat to off-premises station, if desired, also can and open shutter by fan, absorb extraneous thermal source, effectively can prevent off-premises station frosting when extremely cold local work, also can provide thermal source when power tense simultaneously, for heating.
The outdoor cold-heat-exchanging exchange systems of 220 parts also use fin structure, with indoor unlike, fin need not make various form, the bin enclosure that off-premises station of the present invention adopts insulation material to make, in structure, surrounding is with shutter, is furnished with fan, during starting fan, shutter is opened automatically, can outside blast-cold hot blast, when fan does not start, shutter automatic shutdown seal, not blast-cold hot blast to the outside, plays insulation effect; During cooling in summer, the heat energy of off-premises station by with thermal source energy-storage box inside cool-heat-exchanger carry out exchange energy storage, off-premises station does not need outwards to discharge thermal source, and fan does not start, and shutter is closed, and does not have thermal source to waste; Winter is when heating, the low-temperature receiver of off-premises station by with low-temperature receiver energy-storage box inside cool-heat-exchanger carry out exchange energy storage, off-premises station does not need outwards to discharge low-temperature receiver yet, and fan does not start, and shutter is closed, and does not have low-temperature receiver to waste; The energy of usual outdoor cold-heat-exchanging exchange system does not need outwardly to discharge, but be transferred to energy energy-storage box, only have when low-temperature receiver or thermal source store full, intelligent control unit starts outdoor machine fan automatically, and shutter is opened automatically, unnecessary low-temperature receiver, thermal source outwards can be discharged, when ambient temperature is extremely low, more auxiliary in conjunction with fuel gas high efficiency stove heat, even if can guarantee in extremely cold place, outdoor evaporator unit also can not produce the phenomenon of frosting, can not affect compressor operating and efficiency.
230 Partial shrinkage machine refrigerant cyclic parts are one of funtion parts of providing of main energy sources of the present invention, it utilizes heat pump principle to carry out work, refrigerant agent medium carried out within the compressor compress and liquefy, release energy, evaporate gasification again, absorb energy, complete and thermal source is transferred to another interval medium from an interval medium.
240 portions of electronics electrical appliance parts, the electrical equipment being mainly compressor drives and various sensing and power unit.
It is interfaces that indoor set is connected with off-premises station that 250 parts install connectors 2, mainly contains the interface of refrigerant circulation pipeline, various valve, the feed-line of the energy and electrical cable etc.
The 300 part energy supplement and annex comprises various energy resources generation and buanch unit, have solar thermal collector, electronic semi-conductor's refrigerating part, thermal source energy-storage box, low-temperature receiver energy-storage box, installation connecting pipe line, valve and protection insulation material etc.
310 part solar thermal collectors utilize solar energy heating running water, collect heat energy, transfer heat energy to thermal source energy-storage box by intelligent control unit follow procedure.
In 320 part of heat energy energy-storage boxes, running water is housed, water is larger thermal source storage medium, thermal source is absorbed by hot water, the thermal source that compressor heat pumping system produces can be received, absorb solar thermal collector and collect thermal source, the thermal source etc. that electronic semi-conductor's refrigeration produces, realize the multi-mode energy and regulate indoor air temperature, common air-conditioning can only use electric power to carry out work, the present invention not only can use electric power to carry out work, in addition, electronic semi-conductor's refrigerating plant can also be used to carry out work, liquefaction gas high efficiency furnace can also be used to produce thermal source, solar energy heat collection pipe can also be used to carry thermal source etc., mutually make up between each energy, mutual coordination provides working energy.
It is a kind of new and effective cooling and warming technology that 330 portions of electronics semiconductor refrigeratings heat, and the Cooling and Heat Source that its cold and hot energy produced produces with air compressor machine is the same, may be used for refrigeration or heating.
340 part low-temperature receiver energy-storage boxes are the same with thermal source energy-storage box, the low-temperature receiver of compressor heat pumping system generation, the low-temperature receiver etc. of electronic semi-conductor can be received, realize multi-mode working, this low-temperature receiver can provide cooling service for user, refrigerating chamber can be connected carried low-temperature receiver, may be used for making ice cube, can refrigeration for refrigerator etc. being connected, according to circumstances, its energy storage medium not necessarily pure water can be a kind ofly solidify the lower liquid of critical-temperature.
350 parts are installed connecting pipe line, valve and protection insulation material and are mainly comprised refrigerant circulation pipeline, various connection valve, the feed-line of the cold and hot energy, electrical cable, and the annex etc. when other are installed.
Accompanying drawing 2 illustrates
Accompanying drawing 2 is that common air-conditioning heat pump refrigeration system compares with the block diagram of heat pump refrigeration system of the present invention, during common air-conditioning cooling and warming, indoor, outdoor cool-heat-exchanger directly and air carry out heat exchange; In patent of the present invention indoor and outdoor cool-heat-exchanger directly and air carry out heat exchange, but carry out heat exchange with indoor and outdoor energy storage medium, then, indoor energy storage medium is regulated by room air again and cold and hot switching part and room air carry out heat exchange, Based Intelligent Control can be accomplished, make room air temperature evenly comfortable, the energy that various common air-conditioning slatterns can also be made full use of.
410 parts utilize heat pump principle carry out heat transfer, compressed and liquefied in refrigerant-cycle systems by condensing agent, condensation cooling, reducing pressure by regulating flow, evaporation endothermic Four processes, indoor airflow is transferred to outdoor, for give indoor refrigeration; Or outdoor heat source is transferred to indoor, for giving heating of house.
During 411 part cooling in summer, indoor evaporator directly and room air carry out heat exchange, because evaporator surface temperature is extremely low, pole cold gas is mingled with room air and blows out from air outlet, although there is cooling-down effect, local comparatively Cryogenic air damages human facial skin, make dry skin, show as uncomfortable, and evaporator surface also can produce condensed water, easily occur the problems such as the moist breed bacteria of noise or local of dripping; Winter is when heating, very high temperature hot gas is mingled with room air and blows out from air outlet, application on human skin high temperature dehydration can be made equally, for no other reason than that local temperature is higher, obtain supplementing of health very soon, sensation is so obvious not as refrigeration in winter, within general second day, has thirsty sensation, Here it is uses common air-conditioning cooling and warming, all the time not as the reason of natural wind.
During 412 part cooling in summer, outdoor condenser directly and outdoor air carry out heat exchange, thermal source directly discharges, and is a kind of energy waste; Winter is when heating, outdoor evaporator directly and outdoor air carry out heat exchange, low-temperature receiver directly discharges, be a kind of energy waste, but also easily produce condensing drip water noise, add trouble to neighbours downstairs, winter even also can frosting, reduces heating effect, more wastes energy.
420 part the present invention still utilize heat pump principle as main energy providing unit, compressed and liquefied in refrigerant-cycle systems by condensing agent, condensation cooling, reducing pressure by regulating flow, evaporation endothermic Four processes, indoor airflow is transferred to outdoor, for giving indoor refrigeration; Or outdoor heat source is transferred to indoor, for giving heating of house, can also be beneficial to other devices energy providing unit as a supplement, such as electronic semi-conductor's refrigerating plant, fuel gas high efficiency stove, solar thermal collector etc., they carry out ingenious fusion by energy storage part simultaneously.
421 part indoor cool/heat exchangers do not contact room air, not direct and room air carries out heat exchange, but carry out heat exchange with indoor energy storage medium, then to regulate and cold and hot switching part and room air fully exchange through room air, again through convection current or auxiliary accelerate after in indoor convection current, because the surface area ratio common heat exchangers area of room air adjustment portion is much bigger, very little also can the generation of the temperature difference exchanges effect preferably, can not produce condensed water.
The outdoor cool-heat-exchanger of 422 parts not contact chamber outer air, not direct and outside air carries out heat exchange, but carry out heat exchange with outdoor energy storage medium, then through outdoor energy storage medium, the no energy is transferred to energy storage case, or when storing full, outdoor cold and hot switching part and outside air fully exchange, and can not produce condensed water, not have the generation of the problem of frosting.
423 part heat exchanger of outdoor unit directly and outdoor air carry out heat exchange, but carry out heat exchange with outdoor energy storage medium, thermal source does not discharge, and does not have energy waste, also can not frosting, do not have condensed water to produce yet.
During 424 part cooling in summer, the thermal source that outdoor energy storage medium stores, can be used for junction chamber inner water tank, and to provide hot water service, thermal source does not discharge, and does not have energy waste.
When 425 parts heat winter, the low-temperature receiver that outdoor energy storage medium stores, can connect low-temperature receiver energy-storage box, refrigerating chamber etc., provide refrigeration heat sink, low-temperature receiver does not discharge, and does not have energy waste.
Accompanying drawing 3 illustrates
Accompanying drawing 3 is systematic schematic diagrams (cold-producing medium pattern) of intelligent environment protection air conditioning complete sets of products of the present invention, possesses various energy resources collaborative work, the various energy can be made full use of, the not discarded energy and the unique features wasted energy, its outdoor compressor system (heat pump) is similar with common air-conditioning, the main distinction be indoor and outdoor heat exchanger directly and air exchange, but exchange with energy storage medium, then, the useful energy is fully exchanged by air conditioning part and room air by energy storage medium (water or other media), for heating or cooling, in extremely cold place, use closed incubator, surrounding arranges shutter, when needs heat radiation or cold scattering, start fan, shutter is opened automatically, auxiliary by fuel gas high efficiency stove heat again, the phenomenon of off-premises station evaporator unit frosting can be prevented completely, the rich energy can also provide hot water to use simultaneously, or provides low-temperature receiver to uses such as low-temperature receiver energy-storage boxes, also can detect air quality, by checking that starting related device carries out purified treatment, also possesses the function such as network service and Long-distance Control.
510 part intelligent detection system and control unit adopt embedded-type electric brain system, each functional unit of intelligent environment protection air conditioning complete sets of products is carried out to process and the storage administration of Intelligent Measurement, Based Intelligent Control, Intelligent adjustment and network communication data, such as: can monitor thermal source energy-storage box (band water) temperature, when the enough heating of houses of the thermal source that solar water heater provides and hot water use, close compressor system heats, when there is no the solar time, starting compressor assembly and heat or start the heating of fuel gas high efficiency stove; And for example when IAQ detection amount of oxygen is lower, start oxygenerator oxygen, oxygen cleaning to indoor supplementary safety and sanitation etc.
520 subnetwork communication and control unit can interconnection network, by the operational order of remote control user, facilitates user according to personal habits setting and regulating parameter; By the data of network reception from PC, and exchange data with PC, realize network control, remote activation or stopping; By arranging human inductor, whether perception human body enters or leaves, and the unlatching of corresponding control air-conditioning, according to physical activity scope, can Intelligent adjustment speed air flow and direction, when people leave rear indoor nobody time, automatically can close air-conditioning.
530 part solar water heaters (thermal-collecting tube, solar panel etc.) are a kind of clean energy resource providing unit, utilize solar energy, can heating tap water, store heat energy, namely hot water service can be provided, room air adjustment portion can also be transferred heat energy to, for heating of house by hot water.
540 part outdoor compressor systems (heat pump) are one of main energy sources providing unit in the present invention, it utilizes heat pump principle to carry out work, efficiently heat energy in heat energy in room air and outdoor air can be shifted mutually, a kind of energy providing unit comparing highly effective, for whole system work provide the foundation the energy ensure.
550 portions of electronics semiconductor cooling devices are one of important energy source providing unit in the present invention, it is the same with compressor heat pump, heat energy in heat energy in room air and outdoor air can be shifted mutually, heat energy transfer is to thermal source energy-storage box, there is provided heating, provide hot water, low-temperature receiver is transferred to low-temperature receiver energy-storage box.
560 part low-temperature receiver energy-storage boxes receive the low-temperature receiver that evaporimeter produces, and by air conditioning part in cold water or other medium junction chambers, to room air refrigeration, can also make ice cube, can give refrigeration chamber.
570 part of heat energy energy-storage boxes (band water) adopt a kind of water tank of high insulation material encapsulation, its Main Function collects various energy source device produce or shift the heat energy of coming, such as, the solar energy that solar energy heat collection pipe water heater receives, transfers to energy-storage box by hot water; The heat energy of compressor heat pumping system condenser release, heating tap water, transfers to energy-storage box by hot water; Electronic semi-conductor's refrigerating plant produces the heat energy of release, and heating tap water, transfers to energy-storage box by hot water; Energy generator by hot water circuit by energy collection to thermal source energy-storage box; Hot water may be used for heating, and can also be used for having a bath, when user uses hot water, when making the water level decreasing in thermal source energy-storage box, startup water replanishing device is carried out moisturizing by intelligent detection system and control unit.
580 part room air adjustment portion accept intelligent detection system and control unit instruction, carry out many-sided Intelligent Measurement, carry out intelligent constant-temperature control to room air, do not produce condensed water, keep air humidity, reach the effect of radiator, and, also can detect air quality, when Carbon Dioxide in Air too high levels, automatically open soda lime capping and absorb, through absorbing, when Carbon Dioxide in Air content reaches requirement, automatically close capping; When the oxygen amount in air is lower than ideal range, automatically can start oxygen production unit, supplement fresh pure safe oxygen to room air; Also can detect pernicious gas CO, VOC(SO2, NH3, formaldehyde) etc. amount, also can detect the suspension quantity of smog, dust, fine particle thing (PM2.5), also can detect virus, bacterium, also can detect the room air indexs such as indoor temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, then, according to testing result, automatic startup related device, pernicious gas is decomposed or collect, dust granules thing is carried out filtration get rid of, virus and bacteria is killed clean, and automatically regulate indoor air temperature, humidity; Room air adjustment portion can have multiple mounting modes: can hang over wall is made wall-hanging, can stand on ground makes cabinet type, roof can be embedded and make the patterns such as ceiling type, family expenses, the multiple occasion such as vehicle-mounted, industrial can be applicable to, multiple indoor set can also be expanded by an off-premises station, flexibly and easily.
590 part hot water use and may be used for domestic water, may be used for having a bath, compared with regular solar thermal-collecting tube, the water tank of regular solar thermal-collecting tube is only suitable for being placed on roof, owing to being cold water compared with the water in long lines during use, comparatively large to the loss of water, be unfavorable for economizing on resources; Present invention employs intelligent detection system and control unit, can by disposed in the interior for thermal source storage tank, roof only needs to arrange the less little water tank meeting cycling use of water, by frequency conversion circulation, hot water is regularly transferred to rapidly indoor and stores.
600 part of running water are used for the moisturizing after indoor hot water for life, and other unit, such as solar water heater water use sector, owing to being cycling use of water, do not need moisturizing.

Claims (10)

1. a Multimode Intelligent environmental protection air conditioning complete sets of products, is characterized in that, have employed the various ways energy for carrying out freezing or heating to room air; Be provided with thermal source energy-storage box and low-temperature receiver energy-storage box two energy storage parts; The cool-heat-exchanger of compressor heat pump does not directly contact with air, but be transferred to the cold and hot crosspoint of fin formula by liquid medium, fin formula cold and hot crosspoint surface area ratio common cool-heat-exchanger surface area is much bigger, is conducive to cold and hot exchange, effectively prevents condensed water.
2. the cold and hot crosspoint of fin formula according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise and can have diversified installation pattern, can hang over and wall is made wall-hanging or makes background wall decoration product pattern, ground can be stood on make cabinet type or make screen-type, roof can be embedded or make the patterns such as ceiling type, fin structure can also directly be designed to the various patterns such as the casing of indoor set, simultaneously, adopt this structure, room air can utilize convection circulation holding temperature, does not have the noises such as fan.
3. the cold and hot crosspoint of fin formula according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise outdoor section, for meeting Intelligent Measurement and control overflow, the outside of fin makes a kind of special outer container again, form confined space, surrounding arranges shutter, when starting fan, shutter is opened automatically, confined space becomes the state that can ventilate, when fan stops, shutter is closed, form confined space again, like this, when off-premises station needs to carry out cold and hot exchange with the external world, fan can be started, unavailable cold and hot energy is outwardly discharged, when off-premises station does not need to carry out cold and hot exchange with the external world, do not start fan, the cold and hot energy of off-premises station is transferred to Cooling and Heat Source energy-storage box by liquid medium, there is no energy waste.
4. two energy storage parts according to claim 1, is characterized in that, one is the thermal source energy storage device higher than ambient temperature, for storing the thermal source that heating unit provides; One is the low-temperature receiver energy storage device lower than ambient temperature, for storing the low-temperature receiver that refrigeration unit provides, according to circumstances, even if only adopt a stored energy source apparatus, also belongs to this patent protection domain.
5. the various ways energy according to claim 1; it is characterized in that; contain the low-temperature receiver of compressor heat pump installation, thermal source; contain the low-temperature receiver of electronic semi-conductor's refrigerating plant, thermal source; contain the thermal source of solar thermal collector, the thermal source of fuel gas high efficiency stove and the low-temperature receiver, thermal source etc. of other the unknowns; as long as employ two or more energy, for regulating indoor air temperature, all belong to this patent protection domain.
6. the various ways energy according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, further comprises when using the work of compressor heat pump principle to heat, outdoor evaporator inhales thermogenetic low-temperature receiver, directly be not discharged in air, utilize heat-conduction medium to transfer to the method for low-temperature receiver energy-storage box storage low-temperature receiver.
7. the various ways energy according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when further comprises use compressor heat pump principle work refrigeration, the thermal source of outdoor condenser release, directly be not discharged in air, utilize heat-conduction medium to transfer to the method for thermal source energy-storage box storage thermal source.
8. a set of software function part of indoor occupant activity being carried out to detection and control adjustment, it is characterized in that, employ micro computer embedded system technology, arrange can pass in and out, automatically can open air handling system, automatically can close air handling system by automatic sensing human body according to use, and can be connected with common computer, carry out exchanges data, realize network remote to control, such as Long-distance Control unlatching, Long-distance Control stopping, remote download air handling system Intelligent Measurement data, even remote monitoring indoor situations etc.
9. a set of software function part of IAQ being carried out to detection and control adjustment, it is characterized in that, employ micro computer embedded system technology, control air quality detecting device or air quality detection function unit detect in real time to IAQ, when testing result exceeds normal range (NR), send warning or automatically start related device and impaired air is repaired, air quality indexes comprises: the pernicious gases such as CO, CO2, VOC (SO2, NH3, formaldehyde), dust, smog, particle (particularly PM2.5), and viral germ etc.
10. a set of software function part of indoor air conditions being carried out to detection and control adjustment, it is characterized in that, employ micro computer embedded system technology, control air condition checkout gear or air condition measuring ability unit detect in real time to indoor air conditions, and automatically start related device adjustment according to testing result, indoor air conditions is in all the time and a kind ofly can makes us light, comfortable, pleasant state, air condition index comprises: temperature, humidity, wind direction, flow velocity etc.
CN201410644334.2A 2014-11-14 2014-11-14 Multi-mode intelligent environment-friendly air conditioning complete-set product Pending CN104456766A (en)

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CN105066245A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-11-18 合肥智凯电子科技有限公司 Environment-friendly air purifying system suitable for closed environment
CN106556104A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-04-05 芜湖美智空调设备有限公司 A kind of monitoring method and monitoring system of infant's local environment
CN107270398A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-20 苏州瓷气时代净化设备有限公司 A kind of air-conditioning with environment regulatory function
CN107289525A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-24 苏州天键衡电子信息科技有限公司 A kind of method of work of the health type air-conditioning with environment regulatory function
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CN112704380A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-27 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Cooking monitoring method and device, electronic equipment and storage medium

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CN111706966A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-25 广州市拓丰电器有限公司 Method, system, device and storage medium for air purification
CN112704380A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-27 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Cooking monitoring method and device, electronic equipment and storage medium

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