CN102518468B - Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy - Google Patents

Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102518468B
CN102518468B CN201110437987.XA CN201110437987A CN102518468B CN 102518468 B CN102518468 B CN 102518468B CN 201110437987 A CN201110437987 A CN 201110437987A CN 102518468 B CN102518468 B CN 102518468B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
working medium
ice
cold
cooler
pipe working
Prior art date
Application number
CN201110437987.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102518468A (en
Inventor
刘生宏
马建华
张海军
杨晓精
白建成
李天和
Original Assignee
西安东风仪表厂
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 西安东风仪表厂 filed Critical 西安东风仪表厂
Priority to CN201110437987.XA priority Critical patent/CN102518468B/en
Publication of CN102518468A publication Critical patent/CN102518468A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102518468B publication Critical patent/CN102518468B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of space temperature regulation and control, in particular to an escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy, which comprises an ice storage cabinet, a coldness dissipation device and a superconducting unit, wherein one end of the superconducting unit is communicated with the ice storage cabinet, and the other end of the superconducting unit is connected with the coldness dissipation device. The superconducting unit comprises a shell, a fan, an air inlet, an air outlet, a vapor-state heat pipe working medium inlet, a liquid-state heat pipe working medium outlet, the cold-end coldness dissipation device and a hot-end coldness dissipation device, wherein the shell is provided with the air inlet and the air outlet, the fan is arranged in a cavity of the shell, and the shell is communicated with the coldness dissipation device in the storage cabinet through the vapor-state heat pipe working medium inlet and the liquid-state heat pipe working medium outlet. When the inside of an escape capsule needs to be cooled, the fan is turned on to suck external air into the cavity of the shell, then the sucked air is exhausted from the air outlet on one side of the cavity of the shell, and convection current is formed in the cavity of the shell, so that the cavity of the shell is cooled.

Description

A kind of escape capsule temperature control method that discharges cold energy
Technical field
The present invention relates to space temperature control technique field, particularly a kind of escape capsule temperature control method that discharges cold energy.
Background technology
Ambient temperature in rescue capsule because of space little, external environment condition is poor, pressure environment and the temperature environment of building safety and comfort are very important, conventionally in cabin, temperature control is by active equipment, as air-conditioning, to realize temperature to regulate, but because needing power supply, active equipment supplies with, at the residing environment of survival capsule, be to reduce energy resource supply, it is very important extending the running of survival capsule miscellaneous equipment.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of a kind of escape capsule temperature control method that discharges cold energy without large electric current and high voltage supply.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, a kind of escape capsule temperature control method that discharges cold energy, it is characterized in that: comprise ice-reserving cabinet, cooler and superconducting cell, cooler comprises cold junction cooler and hot junction cooler, superconducting cell one end is connected with ice-reserving cabinet, the other end is connected with hot junction cooler, and superconducting cell comprises housing, blower fan, air intake, air outlet, the import of steam state heat-pipe working medium and the outlet of liquid heat-pipe working medium, blower fan is in shell cavity, housing is by the import of steam state heat-pipe working medium, liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet is communicated with the cold junction cooler in ice-reserving cabinet, while needing to lower the temperature in survival capsule, open blower fan by outside air suction casing cavity, by the air outlet of shell cavity one side, discharge again, in shell cavity, form convection current, now cavity is due to stronger cross-ventilation, make the import of steam state heat-pipe working medium, hot junction cooler and cold junction cooler that liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet connects form cold circulation, cold junction cooler in ice-reserving cabinet is transmitted to the hot junction cooler in shell cavity by the cold of ice, make shell cavity reach cooling.
The cold of described ice is the water in ice-reserving cabinet to be made to the ice of-17 ℃ by compressor of air conditioner, and cold is stored in ice-reserving cabinet.
The ice of-17 ℃ of cold junction cooler and ice-reserving cabinet contacts, and hot junction cooler is connected in shell cavity.
The import of steam state heat-pipe working medium and the outlet of liquid heat-pipe working medium are that heat pipe completes, steam state heat-pipe working medium import input gas, liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet output liquid.
There is insulation plug at cooler place, hot junction, by the control to insulation plug, regulates cold output.
Feature of the present invention is:
A. adopting heat pipes for heat transfer ability is high
Because the heat transfer of heat pipe mainly absorbs by Working fluid phase changing process. discharge the heat transfer of gasification latent heat and vapor stream, so its heat-transfer capability is high tens times compared with other Heat Conduction Materials.
B. the equal temperature characteristics of heat pipe is good
During heat pipe work, manage interior steam in saturation state, having a narrow range of temperature when vapor flow and phase transformation, thus very little along the temperature gradient on heat pipe evaporation ends surface, can automatically form uniform hot-fluid temperature.
The ability c. with variable heat flux density
Because the evaporation in heat pipe and condensation space separate, if at evaporation ends input high heat flux, can obtain low heat outputting current density at condensation end, realize the effect of " heat transformer ".
D. there is good thermostatic characteristics
Adopt a kind of inert gas filled controlled heat pipe, when the thermal change of input, because the variation of steam pressure changes the condensation area of condensation end, constant with maintaining heat source temperature.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with embodiment accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention 1 structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention 2 structural representations.
In figure, 1, survival capsule; 2, ice-reserving cabinet; 3, cold junction cooler; 4, superconducting cell; 5, blower fan; 6, air intake; 7, steam state heat-pipe working medium import; 8, liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet; 9, housing; 10, air outlet; 11, insulation plug; 12, hot junction cooler.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of escape capsule temperature control method that discharges cold energy, comprise ice-reserving cabinet 2, cooler 3 and superconducting cell 4, cooler 3 comprises cold junction cooler and hot junction cooler, superconducting cell 4 one end are connected with ice-reserving cabinet 2, the other end is connected with hot junction cooler 3, superconducting cell 4 comprises housing 9, blower fan 5, air intake 6, air outlet 10, steam state heat-pipe working medium import 7, liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet 8, housing has air intake 6 and air outlet 10, blower fan 5 is in housing 9 cavitys, housing 9 is by steam state heat-pipe working medium import 7, liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet 8 is communicated with the cold junction cooler in ice-reserving cabinet 2, while needing to lower the temperature in survival capsule, open blower fan 5 by outside air suction casing 9 cavitys, by the air outlet 10 of housing 9 cavity one sides, discharge again, in housing 9 cavitys, form convection current, now cavity is due to stronger cross-ventilation, make steam state heat-pipe working medium import 7, hot junction cooler 12 and cold junction cooler 3 that liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet 8 connects form cold circulation, cold junction cooler 3 in ice-reserving cabinet 2 is transmitted to the hot junction cooler 12 in shell cavity by the cold of ice, make shell cavity reach cooling.
During use, first the water in ice-reserving cabinet 2 is made to the ice of-17 ℃ by outside compressor of air conditioner, cold is stored in ice-reserving cabinet, the ice of-17 ℃ of cold junction cooler 3 and ice-reserving cabinet contacts, and hot junction cooler 12 is connected in shell cavity, and the cavity of housing 9 is as survival capsule 1, while needing to lower the temperature in survival capsule, open blower fan 5 by outside air by suction survival capsule 1, by hot junction cooler 12, undertaken after cooling being discharged to again in survival capsule, to reach the object to air cooling-down in cabin.
Steam state heat-pipe working medium import 7 and liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet 8 are that heat pipe completes, steam state heat-pipe working medium import 7 input gases, and liquid heat-pipe working medium exports 8 output liquids, realizes the effect of " heat transformer ".
Embodiment 2
Difference from Example 1, is at hot junction cooler 12 places, to have insulation plug 11, by the control to insulation plug 11, makes cold be difficult for forming convection current.It is different from the control to blower fan, can realize the meticulousr temperature requirements of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. an escape capsule temperature control method that discharges cold energy, it is characterized in that: comprise ice-reserving cabinet, cooler and superconducting cell, cooler comprises cold junction cooler and hot junction cooler, superconducting cell one end is connected with ice-reserving cabinet, the other end is connected with hot junction cooler, and superconducting cell comprises housing, blower fan, air intake, air outlet, the import of steam state heat-pipe working medium and the outlet of liquid heat-pipe working medium, blower fan is in shell cavity, housing is by the import of steam state heat-pipe working medium, liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet is communicated with the cold junction cooler in ice-reserving cabinet, while needing to lower the temperature in survival capsule, open blower fan by outside air suction casing cavity, by the air outlet of shell cavity one side, discharge again, in shell cavity, form convection current, now cavity is due to stronger cross-ventilation, make the import of steam state heat-pipe working medium, hot junction cooler and cold junction cooler that liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet connects form cold circulation, cold junction cooler in ice-reserving cabinet is transmitted to the hot junction cooler in shell cavity by the cold of ice, make shell cavity reach cooling, the ice of-17 ℃ of described cold junction cooler and ice-reserving cabinet contacts, and hot junction cooler is connected in shell cavity, described steam state heat-pipe working medium import and the outlet of liquid heat-pipe working medium are that heat pipe completes, steam state heat-pipe working medium import input gas, liquid heat-pipe working medium outlet output liquid, there is insulation plug at described cooler place, hot junction, by the control to insulation plug, regulates cold output.
2. a kind of escape capsule temperature control method that discharges cold energy according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the cold of described ice is the water in ice-reserving cabinet to be made to the ice of-17 ℃ by compressor of air conditioner, and cold is stored in ice-reserving cabinet.
CN201110437987.XA 2011-12-23 2011-12-23 Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy CN102518468B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110437987.XA CN102518468B (en) 2011-12-23 2011-12-23 Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110437987.XA CN102518468B (en) 2011-12-23 2011-12-23 Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102518468A CN102518468A (en) 2012-06-27
CN102518468B true CN102518468B (en) 2014-02-05

Family

ID=46289506

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201110437987.XA CN102518468B (en) 2011-12-23 2011-12-23 Escape capsule temperature control method by releasing cold energy

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102518468B (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1183684A1 (en) * 1983-11-15 1985-10-07 Ленинградский Ордена Ленина,Ордена Октябрьской Революции И Ордена Трудового Красного Знамени Горный Институт Им.Г.В.Плеханова Method of combination heat and cold supply of deep mines
CN101504176A (en) * 2009-03-10 2009-08-12 北京科技大学 Air conditioning system used for removable emergency escape capsule for coal mine
CN201322488Y (en) * 2008-10-31 2009-10-07 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 Ice-storage box for mine rescue capsule
CN101761353A (en) * 2009-12-18 2010-06-30 大连海事大学 Air cooling system for mine rescue capsule
CN202039886U (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-11-16 张玉洲 Temperature adjusting device of ice storage of coal mine escape capsule

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1183684A1 (en) * 1983-11-15 1985-10-07 Ленинградский Ордена Ленина,Ордена Октябрьской Революции И Ордена Трудового Красного Знамени Горный Институт Им.Г.В.Плеханова Method of combination heat and cold supply of deep mines
CN201322488Y (en) * 2008-10-31 2009-10-07 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 Ice-storage box for mine rescue capsule
CN101504176A (en) * 2009-03-10 2009-08-12 北京科技大学 Air conditioning system used for removable emergency escape capsule for coal mine
CN101761353A (en) * 2009-12-18 2010-06-30 大连海事大学 Air cooling system for mine rescue capsule
CN202039886U (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-11-16 张玉洲 Temperature adjusting device of ice storage of coal mine escape capsule

Non-Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李玉娜等.热管技术在空调系统中的应用.《空调年会论文集》.2006,(第4期),第13-16页.
李荣福.用途广泛的热管.《真空与低温》.1984,(第04期),第59-60、71页.
热管技术在空调系统中的应用;李玉娜等;《空调年会论文集》;20061231(第4期);第13-17页 *
用途广泛的热管;李荣福;《真空与低温》;19841230(第04期);第59-60、71页 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102518468A (en) 2012-06-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8441789B2 (en) Data center module
US10161665B2 (en) Refrigerator cooling system having secondary cooling loop
US20180042140A1 (en) Server rack heat sink system with combination of liquid cooling device and auxiliary heat sink device
CN104320953B (en) Secondary water-loop server cabinet cooling system
US7246505B2 (en) Personal air conditioning system
Gillott et al. An investigation of thermoelectric cooling devices for small‐scale space conditioning applications in buildings
CN1302544C (en) Mini refrigeration system for computer chip heat radiating
CN105737439B (en) A kind of air-conditioning system using solar energy and thermoelectricity supercooling apparatus
WO2013051642A1 (en) System using solar energy
CN101940372A (en) Microclimate human body cooling system and refrigerating system thereof
EP0734504A4 (en) Thermoelectric refrigerator
CN103398494A (en) Cooling system and method for operating thermoelectric cooling system
CN103838334A (en) Heat dissipation base of notebook computer
CN204157201U (en) A kind of intermediate water loop server cabinet cooling system
US20100070090A1 (en) Heating and cooling system using compressed fluid
EP2677848B1 (en) Heat exchanger and cabinet
CN101344344A (en) Heat pipe semiconductor refrigeration and cold accumulation system
WO2006137850A3 (en) Heat exchange system for use with a cavitation system
JP5709507B2 (en) COOLING DEVICE AND AIR CONDITIONER HAVING THE SAME
JP3118240U (en) Semiconductor cooling / heating appliances
TW200617275A (en) Method and system for generation of power using stirling engine principles
Zhang et al. Application of entransy in the analysis of HVAC systems in buildings
CN106801958A (en) A kind of temperature control dehydrating unit and method
US10012423B2 (en) Cooling device
BRPI0609454A2 (en) Portable air conditioner

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: CSIC XI AN DONGYI SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY + INDUSTRY GR

Free format text: FORMER NAME: XI AN DONGFENG METERS FACTORY

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 710065 No. 3 East Road, Yanta District, Shaanxi, Xi'an

Patentee after: CSIC XI'AN DONG YI SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY & INDUSTRY GROUP CO., LTD.

Address before: 710065 No. 3 East Road, Yanta District, Shaanxi, Xi'an

Patentee before: Xi'an Dongfeng Meters Factory