CN201955882U - Forest fire danger testing and warning device - Google Patents

Forest fire danger testing and warning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201955882U
CN201955882U CN2011200729564U CN201120072956U CN201955882U CN 201955882 U CN201955882 U CN 201955882U CN 2011200729564 U CN2011200729564 U CN 2011200729564U CN 201120072956 U CN201120072956 U CN 201120072956U CN 201955882 U CN201955882 U CN 201955882U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
wireless communication
communication module
data
sensor
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CN2011200729564U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于忠
胡滨
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西北工业技术研究院
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Priority to CN2011200729564U priority Critical patent/CN201955882U/en
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Publication of CN201955882U publication Critical patent/CN201955882U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a forest fire danger testing and warning device, which comprises a plurality of wireless data collecting and transmitting ends and remote data receiving ends in communication with the wireless data collecting and transmitting ends. Each wireless data collecting and transmitting end includes a sensor group, a signal collecting and conditioning circuit module, a data analysis processing module, a GPS (global positioning system) positioning module, a first wireless communication module, a data storage unit and a power module; each remote data receiving end includes a remote monitor and a handheld mobile terminal; the remote monitors are distributed on a forest fire danger monitoring department; each handheld mobile terminal is carried on by a forest protection worker; a second wireless communication module is connected onto each remote monitor; and a third wireless communication module is connected onto each handheld mobile terminal. The forest fire danger testing and warning device is reasonable in design, convenient in installation, simple and convenient in control, fine in use effect and capable of solving the problems of untimely rescue and the like due to the fact that an existing forest fire danger monitoring device with a poorer online function cannot accurately display fire danger positions or preprocess fire danger on site.

Description

A kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to risk of forest fire monitoring technique field, especially relates to a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device.
Background technology
The forest reserves be human can valuable wealth, how to protect the forest reserves and concerning each the country and people, count for much.The immense value that forest had is found constantly that by people institute the rare species in the forest, animals and plants provide various resources for the mankind's life, and forest can't substitute especially in the huge effect of aspects such as regulating the climate, conserve water and soil in addition.The formation of each sheet forest all will be gone through many decades even go up century-old course.Yet, the annual generation that all can cause some forest fires owing to artificial or natural reason, its consequence and the loss that brings are huge.People are also constantly making great efforts to avoid the generation that this kind of thing always, take various measures to strengthen the input in the forest management, prevent the generation of forest fire.But because the area of forest is bigger, and manpower and materials are limited, want really to accomplish the not a duck soup of preventing trouble before it happens.
In order to improve control and monitoring to forest, need a kind of volume little, be convenient to arrange and risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device that highly sensitive, intelligent degree is high, it can effectively be monitored each temperature of distinguishing of forest, humidity, soot (particulate), carbon monoxide etc., and data can be sent to long-range receiving end.But, the risk of forest fire supervising device that is nowadays adopted all exist to some extent online function relatively poor, can not accurately show the fire occurrence positions, can not carry out on-site pretreatment to the fire situation and cause and handle multiple practical problemss such as untimely.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is at above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device are provided, it is reasonable in design, easy for installation, control easy and result of use good, can accurately point out the particular geographic location of each guarded region, can solve the online function that existing risk of forest fire supervising device exists relatively poor, can not accurately show the fire occurrence positions, can not carry out on-site pretreatment to the fire situation and cause the multiple practical problems such as untimely of recovering.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of data acquisitions that are laid in respectively in a plurality of guarded regions in the monitored forest and transmitting terminal and the teledata receiving end that carries out two-way communication with a plurality of described data acquisitions and transmitting terminal respectively, the wireless monitor network that a plurality of described data acquisitions and transmitting terminal composition are monitored in real time to the fire situation in the monitored forest; Signals collecting that described data acquisition and transmitting terminal comprise sensor groups that the fire situation in the guarded region of living in is monitored in real time, join with sensor groups and conditioning circuit module, the data analysis processing module of joining with signals collecting and conditioning circuit module, the GPS locating module that the geographical location information of guarded region of living in is detected and the wireless communication module one, data storage cell and the power module that join with the data analysis processing module respectively, described GPS locating module and data analysis processing module are joined; Described teledata receiving end comprises remote supervisory and controlling equipment that is laid in the risk of forest fire supervision department and the hand-held portable terminal of being carried by the forest protection staff, be connected to wireless communication module two on the described remote supervisory and controlling equipment, and be connected to wireless communication module three on the hand-held portable terminal; Described remote supervisory and controlling equipment carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module two and wireless communication module one with the data analysis processing module, described hand-held portable terminal carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module three and wireless communication module one with the data analysis processing module, and described remote supervisory and controlling equipment carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module two and wireless communication module three with the hand-held portable terminal.
Above-mentioned a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described hand-held portable terminal is a plurality of.
Above-mentioned a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: described wireless communication module one, wireless communication module two and wireless communication module three are GPRS wireless data transfer module, gsm wireless communication module or 3G mobile communication module.
Above-mentioned a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: described data acquisition and transmitting terminal also comprise a damp-proof and fireproof and corrosion resistant shell, and described sensor groups, signals collecting and conditioning circuit module, data analysis processing module, GPS locating module, wireless communication module one and data storage cell are installed in the described shell.
Above-mentioned a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: described sensor groups comprises environment temperature sensor, ambient humidity sensor, dust concentration sensor and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor, and described environment temperature sensor, ambient humidity sensor, dust concentration sensor and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor all join with signals collecting and conditioning circuit module.
Above-mentioned a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: described environment temperature sensor, ambient humidity sensor, dust concentration sensor and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor are analog signal sensors, described signals collecting and conditioning circuit module comprise signal conditioning circuit and the A/D change-over circuit that joins with described signal conditioning circuit, described environment temperature sensor, ambient humidity sensor, dust concentration sensor and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor all join with described signal conditioning circuit, and described A/D change-over circuit and data analysis processing module are joined.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, conveniently installs and is easy to grasp, workable, reasonable in design, measuring accuracy height, long service life.
2, low in energy consumption, data acquisition sends terminal and adopts the rechargeable battery power supply, can accurately point out the particular geographic location of each guarded region simultaneously.
3, it is reliable to detect data, adopts detection sensitivity height such as temperature, humidity, dust concentration, carbon monoxide, short high precision microsensor of response time, and shockproof, waterproof and antijamming capability are strong, guarantees the confidence level of data.
4, use easy and simple to handle and intelligent degree height, the teledata receiving end can carry out long-range setting to parameters such as every running parameter of data acquisition and transmitting terminal and sample frequency, simultaneously but the real time data of its each monitoring point of synchronous acquisition and the data that receive are judged according to alarm parameters generates as reporting to the police and protects alert record and prompting alarm set point position.Duty and the result of data acquisition and the preliminary judged result of data acquisition and transmitting terminal that can intuitively show in addition, each sensor on the teledata receiving end synchronously.
5, powerful data interaction and remote control function, the user can long-range transmission ROMPaq, data is gathered the program of transmission terminal and carries out remote upgrade.
6, subsequent treatment is timely, the data analysis processing module is according to the fire situation reference template of storing in advance in the data storage cell in data acquisition and the transmitting terminal, fire situation under this guarded region present case is tentatively judged, and when judging that tentatively drawing this guarded region the fire situation occurs, then data analysis processing module is sent to the hand-held portable terminal with the preliminary judged result of fire situation together with this guarded region particular geographic location information synchronously, to remind the forest protection staff in time to go to the scene to handle, efficiently solve fire and handle untimely, information transmits practical problemss such as hysteresis.
7, practical value height, can monitor in real time the fire situation that may occur in the forest, analysis-by-synthesis and prediction, and can field data in time be sent on related work personnel's the mobile phone or computer by sensing network, for staff and environmental administration are in time understood and the environmental aspect of controlling guarded region provides raw data.During actual the use, only needing that data acquisition and transmitting terminal are installed in each guarded region of forest gets final product, data acquisition and transmitting terminal are in park mode, after teledata receiving end transmission work order, data acquisition and transmitting terminal enter mode of operation, can realize each environmental parameter in the guarded region is carried out remote monitoring, when finding that a certain index is unusual, in time send Monitoring Data, trigger the teledata receiving end signal that gives the alarm, remind the staff to note.
In sum, the utility model is reasonable in design, easy for installation, control easy and result of use good, can accurately point out the particular geographic location of each guarded region, can effectively solve the online function that existing risk of forest fire supervising device exists relatively poor, can not accurately show the fire occurrence positions, can not carry out on-site pretreatment to the fire situation and cause the multiple practical problems such as untimely of recovering.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic block circuit diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the principle of work block diagram of the utility model data acquisition and transmitting terminal.
Description of reference numerals:
A 1-data acquisition and a 1-1-sensor groups; 1-11-environment temperature sensing
Sending end; Device;
1-12-ambient humidity sensing 1-13-dust concentration sensing 1-14-carbonomonoxide concentration passes
Device; Device; Sensor;
Mould 1-4-GPS locating module is handled in 1-2-signals collecting and conditioning 1-3-data analysis;
Circuit module; Piece;
1-5-wireless communication module one; The 1-6-data storage cell; The 1-7-power module;
2-teledata receiving end; The 2-1-remote supervisory and controlling equipment; 2-2-hand-held portable terminal;
2-3-wireless communication module two; 2-4-wireless communication module three.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the utility model comprises a plurality of data acquisitions of being laid in respectively in a plurality of guarded regions in the monitored forest and transmitting terminal 1 and the teledata receiving end 2 that carries out two-way communication with a plurality of described data acquisitions and transmitting terminal 1 respectively, the wireless monitor network that a plurality of described data acquisitions and transmitting terminal 1 composition are monitored in real time to the fire situation in the monitored forest.Described data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 comprise the sensor groups 1-1 that the fire situation in the guarded region of living in is monitored in real time, the signals collecting and the conditioning circuit module 1-2 that join with sensor groups 1-1, the data analysis processing module 1-3 that joins with signals collecting and conditioning circuit module 1-2, GPS locating module 1-4 that the geographical location information of guarded region of living in is detected and wireless communication module one 1-5 that joins with data analysis processing module 1-3 respectively, data storage cell 1-6 and power module 1-7, described GPS locating module 1-4 and data analysis processing module 1-3 join.Described teledata receiving end 2 comprises remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 that is laid in the risk of forest fire supervision department and the hand-held portable terminal 2-2 that is carried by the forest protection staff, be connected to wireless communication module two 2-3 on the described remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1, and be connected to wireless communication module three 2-4 on the hand-held portable terminal 2-2.Described remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module two 2-3 and wireless communication module one 1-5 and data analysis processing module 1-3, described hand-held portable terminal 2-2 carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module three 2-4 and wireless communication module one 1-5 and data analysis processing module 1-3, and described remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module two 2-3 and wireless communication module three 2-4 and hand-held portable terminal 2-2.In the present embodiment, described power module 1-7 is a solar energy charging battery.
In the present embodiment, the quantity of described hand-held portable terminal 2-2 is a plurality of.Described wireless communication module one 1-5, wireless communication module two 2-3 and wireless communication module three 2-4 are GPRS wireless data transfer module, gsm wireless communication module or 3G mobile communication module.
During actual installation, described data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 also comprise a damp-proof and fireproof and corrosion resistant shell, and described sensor groups 1-1, signals collecting and conditioning circuit module 1-2, data analysis processing module 1-3, GPS locating module 1-4, wireless communication module one 1-5 and data storage cell 1-6 are installed in the described shell.
Described sensor groups 1-1 comprises environment temperature sensor 1-11, ambient humidity sensor 1-12, dust concentration sensor 1-13 and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor 1-14, and described environment temperature sensor 1-11, ambient humidity sensor 1-12, dust concentration sensor 1-13 and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor 1-14 all join with signals collecting and conditioning circuit module 1-2.
In the present embodiment, described environment temperature sensor 1-11, ambient humidity sensor 1-12, dust concentration sensor 1-13 and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor 1-14 are analog signal sensors, described signals collecting and conditioning circuit module 1-2 comprise signal conditioning circuit and the A/D change-over circuit that joins with described signal conditioning circuit, described environment temperature sensor 1-11, ambient humidity sensor 1-12, dust concentration sensor 1-13 and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor 1-14 all join with described signal conditioning circuit, and described A/D change-over circuit and data analysis processing module 1-3 join.
To sum up, the utility model mainly comprises data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 and teledata receiving end 2, and carries out two-way communication by wireless network between the two.During actual the use, teledata receiving end 2 by wireless network to data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 sending controling instruction and parameter setting and change directive, Information Monitoring and pretreatment information that teledata receiving end 2 receiving radio data collections simultaneously and transmitting terminal 1 are sent, and the Information Monitoring that receives carried out directly perceived synchronously the demonstration; Described data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 detect environmental parameter in real time by sensor groups 1-1, and the collection environmental parameter is carried out pre-service by data analysis processing module 1-3, and according to the pre-service result fire situation in this guarded region is carried out initial analysis and judges, and with the judged result synchronized transmission to teledata receiving end 2.
During actual the use, the staff can send data acquisition command behind the running parameter that data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 are set on the operation interface of remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1, in the running parameter that data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 are set, alarm bound, data acquisition time parameters such as (being frequency acquisition) at interval is set simultaneously also; And data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 receive and enter duty immediately after parameter that remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 sends is provided with order, its data analysis processing module 1-3 resolves and carries out the order that receives, and order each sensor to enter duty, begin to gather the temperature of environment in this guarded region, humidity, dust concentration, data such as carbon monoxide, signal collected through filtering noise, send into data analysis processing module 1-3 after reduction preprocessing process such as distortion and the conditioning of A/D change-over circuit, data analysis processing module 1-3 extracts characteristic and calculates the actual value of each detected parameters and according to the fire situation reference template of storage in advance in the data storage cell 1-6 according to special algorithm, fire situation under this guarded region present case is tentatively judged: and with image data information, this guarded region particular geographic location information and the preliminary judged result of fire situation are uploaded to remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 synchronously, when data analysis processing module 1-3 judges that tentatively drawing this guarded region the fire situation occurs, then data analysis processing module 1-3 is sent to hand-held portable terminal 2-2 with the preliminary judged result of fire situation together with this guarded region particular geographic location information synchronously, in time goes to the scene to handle to remind the forest protection staff; Remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 resolves after receiving the data that data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 send, and shows the data of receiving on display screen.
In the actual use, data acquisition and transmitting terminal 1 gather and send data according to the tentation data frequency acquisition, remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 is with the synchronous refresh data, remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 all generates storage file according to storage space after receiving data at every turn automatically, deletes legacy data, stores new after the storage space that distributes takes automatically; Simultaneously, remote supervisory and controlling equipment 2-1 can judge the data of newly receiving, in time touches alert program when satisfying alert if, sends the warning the tinkle of bells and reminds a certain index of staff undesired.
The above; it only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model; be not that the utility model is imposed any restrictions; everyly any simple modification that above embodiment did, change and equivalent structure are changed, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model according to the utility model technical spirit.

Claims (6)

1. a risk of forest fire is tested and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of data acquisitions that are laid in respectively in a plurality of guarded regions in the monitored forest and transmitting terminal (1) and the teledata receiving end (2) that carries out two-way communication respectively with a plurality of described data acquisitions and transmitting terminal (1), the wireless monitor network that a plurality of described data acquisitions and transmitting terminal (1) composition are monitored in real time to the fire situation in the monitored forest; Described data acquisition and transmitting terminal (1) comprise the sensor groups (1-1) that the fire situation in the guarded region of living in is monitored in real time, the signals collecting and the conditioning circuit module (1-2) that join with sensor groups (1-1), the data analysis processing module (1-3) of joining with signals collecting and conditioning circuit module (1-2), GPS locating module (1-4) that the geographical location information of guarded region of living in is detected and the wireless communication module one (1-5) that joins with data analysis processing module (1-3) respectively, data storage cell (1-6) and power module (1-7), described GPS locating module (1-4) joins with data analysis processing module (1-3); Described teledata receiving end (2) comprises remote supervisory and controlling equipment (2-1) that is laid in the risk of forest fire supervision department and the hand-held portable terminal of being carried by the forest protection staff (2-2), be connected to wireless communication module two (2-3) on the described remote supervisory and controlling equipment (2-1), and be connected to wireless communication module three (2-4) on the hand-held portable terminal (2-2); Described remote supervisory and controlling equipment (2-1) carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module two (2-3) and wireless communication module one (1-5) with data analysis processing module (1-3), described hand-held portable terminal (2-2) carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module three (2-4) and wireless communication module one (1-5) with data analysis processing module (1-3), and described remote supervisory and controlling equipment (2-1) carries out two-way communication by wireless communication module two (2-3) and wireless communication module three (2-4) with hand-held portable terminal (2-2).
2. according to described a kind of risk of forest fire test of claim 1 and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: the quantity of described hand-held portable terminal (2-2) is a plurality of.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning devices, it is characterized in that: described wireless communication module one (1-5), wireless communication module two (2-3) and wireless communication module three (2-4) are GPRS wireless data transfer module, gsm wireless communication module or 3G mobile communication module.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning devices, it is characterized in that: described data acquisition and transmitting terminal (1) also comprise a damp-proof and fireproof and corrosion resistant shell, and described sensor groups (1-1), signals collecting and conditioning circuit module (1-2), data analysis processing module (1-3), GPS locating module (1-4), wireless communication module one (1-5) and data storage cell (1-6) are installed in the described shell.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of risk of forest fire test and prior-warning devices, it is characterized in that: described sensor groups (1-1) comprises environment temperature sensor (1-11), ambient humidity sensor (1-12), dust concentration sensor (1-13) and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor (1-14), and described environment temperature sensor (1-11), ambient humidity sensor (1-12), dust concentration sensor (1-13) and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor (1-14) all join with signals collecting and conditioning circuit module (1-2).
6. according to described a kind of risk of forest fire test of claim 5 and prior-warning device, it is characterized in that: described environment temperature sensor (1-11), ambient humidity sensor (1-12), dust concentration sensor (1-13) and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor (1-14) are analog signal sensors, described signals collecting and conditioning circuit module (1-2) comprise signal conditioning circuit and the A/D change-over circuit that joins with described signal conditioning circuit, described environment temperature sensor (1-11), ambient humidity sensor (1-12), dust concentration sensor (1-13) and carbonomonoxide concentration sensor (1-14) all join with described signal conditioning circuit, and described A/D change-over circuit and data analysis processing module (1-3) are joined.
CN2011200729564U 2011-03-18 2011-03-18 Forest fire danger testing and warning device CN201955882U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103377535A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-10-30 鲍鹏飞 Method for obtaining real-time forest fire grades in specific place or area
CN103457626A (en) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-18 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Remote communication equipment
CN103514702A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-15 柳州市宏亿科技有限公司 Forest fire prevention early warning system
CN105225398A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-01-06 云南大学 A kind of forest fire protection monitor supervision platform
CN105632148A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-06-01 南京工程学院 Safety monitoring system based on mobile communication
CN105704244A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-06-22 南京工程学院 Mobile communication based forest safety monitoring system
CN106023503A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-10-12 山东晨丰物联电子工程有限公司 Forest fire prevention intelligent monitoring system
CN106023502A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-10-12 山东晨丰物联电子工程有限公司 Intelligent forest fireproof monitoring device
CN106530589A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-03-22 东华大学 Fire-hazard automatic patrol unmanned aerial vehicle
WO2018107936A1 (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-06-21 田艺儿 Natural forest protection system

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103377535A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-10-30 鲍鹏飞 Method for obtaining real-time forest fire grades in specific place or area
CN103457626A (en) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-18 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Remote communication equipment
CN103457626B (en) * 2013-08-30 2016-08-17 广东欧珀移动通信有限公司 Telecommunication equipment
CN103514702A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-15 柳州市宏亿科技有限公司 Forest fire prevention early warning system
CN105225398A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-01-06 云南大学 A kind of forest fire protection monitor supervision platform
CN105225398B (en) * 2015-10-10 2019-04-02 云南大学 A kind of forest fire protection monitor supervision platform
CN105632148A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-06-01 南京工程学院 Safety monitoring system based on mobile communication
CN105704244A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-06-22 南京工程学院 Mobile communication based forest safety monitoring system
CN106023503A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-10-12 山东晨丰物联电子工程有限公司 Forest fire prevention intelligent monitoring system
CN106023502A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-10-12 山东晨丰物联电子工程有限公司 Intelligent forest fireproof monitoring device
WO2018107936A1 (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-06-21 田艺儿 Natural forest protection system
CN106530589A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-03-22 东华大学 Fire-hazard automatic patrol unmanned aerial vehicle

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