CN201929938U - Combined type hard ureteroscope - Google Patents

Combined type hard ureteroscope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201929938U
CN201929938U CN2011200294613U CN201120029461U CN201929938U CN 201929938 U CN201929938 U CN 201929938U CN 2011200294613 U CN2011200294613 U CN 2011200294613U CN 201120029461 U CN201120029461 U CN 201120029461U CN 201929938 U CN201929938 U CN 201929938U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ureteroscope
mirror
sheath
tube
mirror sheath
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011200294613U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周均洪
Original Assignee
周均洪
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Publication date
Application filed by 周均洪 filed Critical 周均洪
Priority to CN2011200294613U priority Critical patent/CN201929938U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201929938U publication Critical patent/CN201929938U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a combined type hard ureteroscope comprising a hard ureteroscope body and a tubular ureteroscope sheath sleeved outside a tubular part of the ureteroscope body, wherein the initial end of the ureteroscope sheath and the tubular part of the ureteroscope body are tightly jointed, the back end of the ureteroscope sheath is provided with a locking mechanism, a locking part is arranged between the tubular part of the ureteroscope body and an operating part, and the locking mechanism and the locking part are matched for locking or loosening the hard ureteroscope body and the tubular ureteroscope sheath; the locking mechanism between the ureteroscope body and the ureteroscope sheath can be loosened in the operations of examining, diagnosing and treating the ureter and the kidney by adopting the combined type hard ureteroscope, the hard ureteroscope body and the ureteroscope sheath are separated, and the ureteroscope sheath is remained in the ureter and is used as a passage for repeatedly taking broken stones for many times or for independently inputting the ureteroscope body into the ureter or outputting the ureteroscope body out of the ureter and an operation passage of a soft ureteroscope; the operation steps are saved, the operation time is shortened, and the operation safety is enhanced; and moreover, projects which must be finished by using the soft ureteroscope formerly can be replaced by using the hard ureteroscope in parts of the operation steps, the problems of difficult operation and easy damage of the soft ureteroscope are avoided, and the clinical treatment with high safety, high efficiency and a low price is truly achieved.

Description

The rigid ureteroscope of a kind of combination type
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of medical apparatus and instruments, particularly a kind of ureteroscope.
Background technology
Ureteroscope is a kind of endoscope that is used to carry out inspection, diagnosis and the treatment of ureter and kidney, and it comprises two kinds of soft ureteroscope and rigid ureteroscopies, can be adapted to the examination treatment of urinary tract different parts respectively according to its characteristics.Existing ureteroscope structure is when checking with rubble, calculus needs to take out external via the tube chamber of ureteroscope after the rubble apparatus smashes, because tube chamber is very tiny, big slightly rubble just can not pass through, only together withdraw from externally together with ureteroscope, like this, ureteroscope just needs repeatedly to pass in and out urethra, bladder and ureter even kidney repeatedly and takes out rubble, cause prolonging operating time and increase operation risk, and turnover repeatedly also can increase patient's misery; On the other hand, in using of the diagnosis and treatment of soft ureteroscope to renal pelvis renal calices and ureter epimere disease, at first need expand ureteric orifice and microscopy with rigid ureteroscope, and indwelling guiding seal wire, withdraw from rigid ureteroscope then, along seal wire flexible pipe is inserted in the ureter, extract seal wire, place soft ureteroscope along this flexible pipe and carry out the ureter epimere, the diagnosis of renal pelvis and renal calices disease and treatment, owing to can not under the whole process direct-view, insert flexible pipe in the art, can increase the risk of injury of ureter, and operate complicated, and soft ureteroscope apparatus expensive not only, not easy to operate and easy loss, its frequent use can cause the long and operation cost height of operating time, be not easy to popularize and carry out, therefore, the structural design of existing ureteroscope can not adapt to modern clinical treatment safety, effectively, cheap requirement.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, this utility model provides a kind of combination type rigid ureteroscope.
The technical scheme that the invention for solving the technical problem adopted is:
The rigid ureteroscope of a kind of combination type, it is characterized in that: comprise rigid ureteroscope body and be sleeved on the outer tubulose mirror sheath of mirror body tube, fit tightly between the initiating terminal of described mirror sheath and the described mirror body tube, the rear end of mirror sheath is provided with retaining mechanism, be provided with tight lock part between described mirror body tube and the operating portion, described retaining mechanism matches rigid ureteroscope body and the locking of tubulose mirror sheath or gets loose with described tight lock part.
As preferred implementation of the present utility model, the retaining mechanism of described mirror sheath rear end comprises sleeve that has end cap and the finger that is fixed on the sleeve lateral wall, the outer wall of described tubulose mirror sheath rear end is provided with oblique chute, and described finger end is stretched in the described chute; The tight lock part of described mirror body is the ring-type convex tendon that is provided with on the mirror body tube wall; Described ring-type convex tendon tight lock part snaps in the sleeve end cap, with the motion of finger in chute with the locking of tubulose mirror sheath and mirror body or get loose.
As further improvement of the utility model, described tubulose mirror sheath is a conical pipe, and the initiating terminal of mirror body tube stretches out outside the described mirror sheath, the gapped aquaporin that forms between mirror sheath tube wall and the mirror body tube, mirror sheath front end outer wall has blasthole, and the rear end outer wall has apopore.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the rigid ureteroscope of combination type of the present utility model has the following advantages in the operation of the inspection of carrying out ureter and kidney, diagnosis and treatment:
A, can unclamp the retaining mechanism between mirror body and the mirror sheath, separate rigid ureteroscope body and mirror sheath, keep somewhere the mirror sheath in ureter, as repeatedly repeating to get rubble or the ureteral passage of the independent turnover of mirror body, shorten operating time, improve operation safety, alleviate patient's misery;
B, in using of the diagnosis and treatment of soft ureteroscope to renal pelvis, renal calices and ureter epimere disease, after using the rigid ureteroscope of combination type to expand ureteric orifice and microscopy, can directly keep somewhere the mirror sheath, passage as the soft ureteroscope of turnover, need not to insert again seal wire and flexible pipe, save operating procedure, and the process of indwelling mirror sheath is to finish under the whole process direct-view by the eyepiece of rigid ureteroscope body itself, as compared with the past seal wire and flexible pipe are inserted, and safety improves greatly;
C, in the process of carrying out the operation of soft ureteroscope, the part operating procedure can be used rigid ureteroscope and substitute, can directly alternately insert soft and rigid ureteroscope through the mirror sheath undergos surgery, reach hard mirror, the ingenious cooperation of soft lens, reduce the use of ureter soft lens, avoid difficult operation of soft lens and flimsy problem, really reach clinical treatment safety, effective, cheap.
D, after forming on aquaporin, the mirror sheath design entery and delivery port between mirror sheath tube wall and the mirror body tube, flushing liquor is flowed out through this passage, overcome the primary ureter mirror and have only can not the be back to back problem of water of an Inlet and outlet water passage, thereby satisfy the successive flushing of flushing liquor in the operation, guaranteeing that operating time prolongation and intracavity pressure that surgical field of view has also avoided the blocked operation Inlet and outlet water to cause clearly simultaneously are too high, greatly reduce the risk of damaging ureter and kidney in the operation.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure sketch map of a kind of embodiment of this utility model;
Fig. 2 is the fractionation sketch map of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the fractionation sketch map of the another kind of embodiment of this utility model.
The specific embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the rigid ureteroscope of a kind of combination type, comprise rigid ureteroscope body 1 and be sleeved on mirror body tube 11 tubulose mirror sheath 2 outward, fit tightly between the initiating terminal of described mirror sheath 2 and the described mirror body tube 11, the rear end of mirror sheath 2 is provided with retaining mechanism 3, be provided with tight lock part 13 between described mirror body tube 11 and the operating portion 12, described retaining mechanism 3 matches rigid ureteroscope body 1 and 2 lockings of tubulose mirror sheath or gets loose with described tight lock part 13.
In the present embodiment, the retaining mechanism 3 of described mirror sheath 2 rear ends comprises sleeve 31 that has end cap 33 and the finger 32 that is fixed on sleeve 31 sidewalls, the outer wall of described tubulose mirror sheath 2 rear ends is provided with oblique chute 34, and described finger 32 ends are stretched in the described chute 34; The ring-type convex tendon of tight lock part 13 for being provided with on the mirror body tube wall of described mirror body 1; Described ring-type convex tendon tight lock part 13 snaps in the sleeve end cap 33, with the motion of finger 32 in chute 34 with tubulose mirror sheath 2 with 1 locking of mirror body or get loose.
With reference to Fig. 3, in this embodiment, the retaining mechanism 3 of tubulose mirror sheath 2 rear ends is for being sleeved on the screw shell 32 on the mirror sheath rear end boss 31; The external screw thread of tight lock part 13 for being provided with on the tube wall of described mirror body 1; Described screw shell 32 moves tubulose mirror sheath 2 and 1 locking of mirror body on described external screw thread tight lock part 13 or gets loose.
The rigid ureteroscope of combination type of the present utility model is in the operation of the inspection of carrying out ureter and kidney, diagnosis and treatment, can unclamp the retaining mechanism between mirror body and the mirror sheath, separate rigid ureteroscope body and mirror sheath, keep somewhere the mirror sheath in ureter, as repeatedly repeating to get rubble or the ureteral passage of the independent turnover of mirror body, shorten operating time, improve operation safety, alleviate patient's misery; In using of the diagnosis and treatment of soft ureteroscope to renal pelvis, renal calices and ureter epimere disease, after using the rigid ureteroscope of combination type to expand ureteric orifice and microscopy, can directly keep somewhere the mirror sheath, passage as the soft ureteroscope of turnover, need not to insert again seal wire and flexible pipe, save operating procedure, and the process of indwelling mirror sheath is to finish under the whole process direct-view by the eyepiece of rigid ureteroscope body itself, as compared with the past seal wire and flexible pipe are inserted, and safety improves greatly.
In the process of carrying out soft ureteroscope operation, the part operating procedure can be used rigid ureteroscope and substitute, for example, when adopting soft ureteroscope to carry out renal calices position calculus rubble, there is the part rubble to move to renal pelvis, can only continue to use soft lens to get stone or rubble in the past, and that soft lens is got the stone operation easier is big, calculifragous efficiency is low, length consuming time, these all can increase operating time and operation risk, adopt the rigid ureteroscope of combination type of the present utility model after, can directly alternately insert soft and rigid ureteroscope and operate via the mirror sheath of keeping somewhere in the ureter, get the cubic meter of stone just, rubble is rapid, shorten operating time greatly and reduced the use of soft lens, avoided difficult operation of soft lens and flimsy problem, really reach clinical treatment safety, effectively, cheap.
As further improvement of the utility model, in the embodiment of Fig. 1, Fig. 2, tubulose mirror sheath 2 adopts conical pipe, the initiating terminal of mirror body tube 11 stretches out outside the described mirror sheath 2, the gapped aquaporin 4 that forms between mirror sheath 2 tube walls and the mirror body tube 11, mirror sheath front end outer wall has blasthole 21, and the rear end outer wall has apopore 22.This improvement has increased an exhalant canal on the mirror sheath, overcome the primary ureter mirror and had only can not the be back to back problem of water of Inlet and outlet water passage, thereby satisfy the successive flushing of flushing liquor in the operation, guaranteeing that operating time prolongation and intracavity pressure that surgical field of view has also avoided the blocked operation Inlet and outlet water to cause clearly simultaneously are too high, greatly reduce the risk of damaging ureter and kidney in the operation.
This utility model can be widely used in the operation of inspection, diagnosis and treatment of ureter and kidney.

Claims (4)

1. rigid ureteroscope of combination type, it is characterized in that: comprise rigid ureteroscope body (1) and be sleeved on the outer tubulose mirror sheath (2) of mirror body tube (11), fit tightly between the initiating terminal of described mirror sheath (2) and the described mirror body tube (11), the rear end of mirror sheath (2) is provided with retaining mechanism (3), be provided with tight lock part (13) between described mirror body tube (11) and the operating portion (12), described retaining mechanism (3) matches with described tight lock part (13) and rigid ureteroscope body (1) and tubulose mirror sheath (2) are locked or gets loose.
2. the rigid ureteroscope of combination type according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the retaining mechanism (3) of described mirror sheath (2) rear end comprises the sleeve (31) that has end cap (33) and is fixed on finger (32) on sleeve (31) sidewall, the outer wall of described tubulose mirror sheath (2) rear end is provided with oblique chute (34), and described finger (32) end is stretched in the described chute (34); The ring-type convex tendon of the tight lock part (13) of described mirror body (1) for being provided with on the mirror body tube wall; Described ring-type convex tendon tight lock part (13) snaps in the sleeve end cap (33), tubulose mirror sheath (2) and mirror body (1) are locked or gets loose with the motion of finger (32) in chute (34).
3. the rigid ureteroscope of combination type according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the retaining mechanism (3) of tubulose mirror sheath (2) rear end is for being sleeved on the screw shell (32) on the mirror sheath rear end boss (31); The external screw thread of the tight lock part (13) of described mirror body (1) for being provided with on the tube wall; Described screw shell (32) motion on described external screw thread tight lock part (13) is locked tubulose mirror sheath (2) and mirror body (1) or is got loose.
4. according to claim 1 or the rigid ureteroscope of 2 or 3 described combination types, it is characterized in that: described tubulose mirror sheath (2) is a conical pipe, the initiating terminal of mirror body tube (11) stretches out outside the described mirror sheath (2), the gapped aquaporin (4) that forms between mirror sheath (2) tube wall and the mirror body tube (11), mirror sheath front end outer wall has blasthole (21), and the rear end outer wall has apopore (22).
CN2011200294613U 2011-01-28 2011-01-28 Combined type hard ureteroscope CN201929938U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200294613U CN201929938U (en) 2011-01-28 2011-01-28 Combined type hard ureteroscope

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200294613U CN201929938U (en) 2011-01-28 2011-01-28 Combined type hard ureteroscope

Publications (1)

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CN201929938U true CN201929938U (en) 2011-08-17

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102068232A (en) * 2011-01-28 2011-05-25 周均洪 Combined rigid ureteroscope
CN103932656A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-23 乔晋琳 Endoscope component and medical equipment
CN105167737A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 江苏省中医院 Correcting device for correcting operation visual field of combined flexible ureteroscope and application of correcting device
WO2020221221A1 (en) * 2019-04-29 2020-11-05 珠海市司迈科技有限公司 Device for guiding flexible ureteroscope and method of use thereof and ureteropyeloscope system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102068232A (en) * 2011-01-28 2011-05-25 周均洪 Combined rigid ureteroscope
CN103932656A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-07-23 乔晋琳 Endoscope component and medical equipment
CN103932656B (en) * 2014-04-28 2016-09-14 乔晋琳 A kind of endoscope assembly and armarium
CN105167737A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 江苏省中医院 Correcting device for correcting operation visual field of combined flexible ureteroscope and application of correcting device
WO2020221221A1 (en) * 2019-04-29 2020-11-05 珠海市司迈科技有限公司 Device for guiding flexible ureteroscope and method of use thereof and ureteropyeloscope system

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110817

Effective date of abandoning: 20130410

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant