CN103932656A - Endoscope component and medical equipment - Google Patents

Endoscope component and medical equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103932656A
CN103932656A CN201410175439.8A CN201410175439A CN103932656A CN 103932656 A CN103932656 A CN 103932656A CN 201410175439 A CN201410175439 A CN 201410175439A CN 103932656 A CN103932656 A CN 103932656A
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endoscope
hollow needle
channel
endoscope assembly
handle
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CN201410175439.8A
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CN103932656B (en
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乔晋琳
丁宇
曾宪龙
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乔晋琳
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Abstract

The invention discloses an endoscope component and medical equipment, and belongs to the technical field of medical treatment. The endoscope component comprises a work endoscope tube, an endoscope head, a handle and a light guide optical fiber. The work endoscope tube is provided with a liquid injection channel, an instrument channel and an imaging channel. The medical equipment comprises the endoscope component and a hollow needle-knife, and a liquid leading channel is formed between the inner wall of the hollow needle-knife and the outer wall of the work endoscope tube. The endoscope component comprises a small core optical imaging unit, and the size of the endoscope component is reduced; the liquid leading channel does not need to be arranged in the work endoscope tube, the inner diameter of the work endoscope tube is reduced, the inner diameter of the hollow needle-knife used in cooperation with the endoscope component is reduced, and injuries of a human body are reduced; the hollow needle-knife is used in cooperation with the endoscope component, so that blind operation of a needle-knife operation is changed to be visual operation, and the safety coefficient is improved.

Description

A kind of endoscope assembly and armarium
Technical field
The present invention relates to armarium technical field, specifically, relate to a kind of armarium of applying endoscope assembly.
Background technology
Along with chronic soft tissue injuries disease becomes a class commonly encountered diseases, the frequently-occurring disease in human motion system, suffer from this disease person both at home and abroad a lot of, pin cutter therapy has obtained definite curative effect in this class clinical disease for the treatment of.Pin cutter is by cutting adhesion organization and the cicatrix bar rope of directly loosening, alleviate rapidly pathological tissues to neurovascular compressing, improve peripheral blood circulation, diminishing inflammation property medium and algogenic substance, make that pain is aching and tired, the symptom such as numbness and the dyskinesia improves rapidly.But conventional needle cutter therapy is pin cutter to be deep into subcutaneous tissue by epidermis operate, human eye is not visible, some anatomical structure complexity, the position that has important neural blood vessel process, the position of adjoining important organ are existed to certain potential safety hazard while enforcement, the safety coefficient of pin cutter operation is reduced greatly.
Traditional optical endoscope internal imaging unit volume is larger, in the time using endoscope to perform the operation, need in endoscope's working lens pipe, configure reservoir channel to patient part water filling or injection, also need to arrange and draw liquid passage by lesions position liquid attraction drain, be used for the clear visual field, make like this volume of endoscope larger, the wound while operation, human body being produced is larger.
Based on above-mentioned situation, need the system that can carry out the operation of pin cutter under visual condition that a kind of endoscope and pin cutter combine badly, both realized the visual of pin cutter operation, reduce again the wound to human body.
Summary of the invention
For addressing the above problem, the invention provides the armarium that a kind of pin cutter combines with endoscope.
According to an aspect of the present invention, provide a kind of endoscope assembly, having comprised:
Working lens pipe, is wherein provided with reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band;
Endoscope lens, it is placed in described imaging band, and its one end extends to the front portion of described working lens pipe;
Handle, its one end is connected with described working lens pipe, and described reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band extend to the other end of described handle;
Light-conductive optic fibre, described optical fiber runs through described working lens pipe and is distributed in described reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band periphery; And
Connector, it is located on described working lens pipe or handle, connects hollow needle cutter in order to bushing type, thereby forms and draw liquid passage between described pin cutter inwall and described working lens pipe outer wall.
According to one embodiment of present invention, on the other end of described handle, be provided with opening to communicate with described reservoir channel, instrument channel respectively.
According to one embodiment of present invention, on the other end of described handle, be also provided with the interface being connected with external light source and photographic head.
According to one embodiment of present invention, in described handle, be also provided with core image-forming component.
According to one embodiment of present invention, described instrumentation tubes path length is about 150-200mm, the about 1.3mm of external diameter.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of armarium is also provided, this armarium comprises above-mentioned any endoscope assembly and hollow needle cutter, described hollow needle cutter one end is connected with described endoscope assembly by the connector of described endoscope assembly, wherein, between the inwall of described hollow needle cutter and the outer wall of described working lens pipe, leave gap and draw liquid passage to form.
According to another embodiment of the invention, the other end of described hollow needle cutter is provided with chamfering.
According to another embodiment of the invention, the chamfering of described hollow needle cutter is 30 degree.
According to another embodiment of the invention, described armarium also comprises radio frequency needle, and it is placed in described endoscope assembly inside by described instrument channel.
According to another embodiment of the invention, the periphery of described radio frequency needle except probe exposed part is provided with insulating barrier.
According to another embodiment of the invention, described radio frequency needle length is about 1.1 times of length of described endoscope assembly.
The present invention has brought following beneficial effect:
Endoscope assembly of the present invention adopts small-sized core optical imagery unit, has reduced endoscope's volume.Draw liquid passage owing to not establishing, and using the gap between working lens pipe in hollow needle cutter working column inwall and endoscope assembly as drawing liquid passage, therefore reduce the internal diameter of endoscope's working lens pipe, the internal diameter of the hollow needle cutter being used in conjunction with is reduced, reduced the wound to human body; Hollow needle cutter coordinates endoscope assembly, makes the operation of pin cutter become visual operation from blind depending on operation, has improved safety coefficient.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, will do simple introduction to needed accompanying drawing in embodiment or description of the Prior Art below:
Fig. 1 is the external structure schematic diagram of endoscope assembly in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front end enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the external structure schematic diagram of armarium in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the front end enlarged drawing of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the external structure of hollow needle cutter;
Fig. 6 is the front end enlarged drawing of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the external structure schematic diagram of radio frequency needle in the present invention;
Wherein: 1, endoscope assembly, 1-1, working lens pipe, 1-2, connector, 1-3, handle, 1-4, reservoir channel, 1-5, instrument channel, 1-6, imaging band, 1-7, light-conductive optic fibre, 1-8, endoscope lens, 2, hollow needle cutter, 2-1, working column, 2-2, draw liquid passage, 2-3, endoscope interface channel, 3, radio frequency needle, 3-1, radio frequency needle probe.
Detailed description of the invention
Describe embodiments of the present invention in detail below with reference to drawings and Examples, to the present invention, how application technology means solve technical problem whereby, and the implementation procedure of reaching technique effect can fully understand and implement according to this.It should be noted that, only otherwise form conflict, each feature in each embodiment and each embodiment in the present invention can mutually combine, and the technical scheme forming is all within protection scope of the present invention.The noun of locality using in the present invention as " on " D score " front " " afterwards " etc. is as the restriction to each ingredient locations of structures.
Figure 1 shows that the external structure of the endoscope assembly 1 of one embodiment of the present of invention.As shown in the figure, this assembly comprises working lens pipe 1-1, connector 1-2 and handle 1-3.Wherein, handle 1-3 one end is connected with working lens pipe 1-1, and the other end is provided with the opening being communicated with reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 and imaging band 1-6 respectively.Connector 1-2 is positioned at working lens pipe 1-1 or handle 1-3 is upper, for other operating theater instruments are connected together with working lens pipe 1-1.
Working lens pipe 1-1 is elongated portion as shown in Figure 1, and its inside is provided with reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 and imaging band 1-6.In an example, these passages can be along the axial distribution of mirror pipe.They are extended to the rearward end of handle 1-3 and are gone up respectively the open communication of corresponding setting with handle 1-3 by the front end of working lens pipe 1-1.In imaging band 1-6, can be used for placing the such as image-forming component such as endoscope lens, core image-forming component.Between reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 and imaging band 1-6 periphery and the inwall of working lens pipe 1-1, can place light-conductive optic fibre for example so that the light of external light source is introduced, thereby illuminate endoscope observation area.
Be illustrated in figure 2 the front end enlarged drawing of working lens pipe 1-1.In the figure, can find out that outer circle ring-type is working lens pipe 1-1, its inside is provided with endoscope lens 1-8.Endoscope lens 1-8 is placed in imaging band 1-6, and its one end extends to the front portion of working lens pipe 1-1.Endoscope lens 1-8 is for being transmitted to the image of patient part the graphical analysis platform being for example connected with imaging band 1-6, in order to patient part is analyzed and researched through the image-forming component of imaging band 1-6.
Endoscope assembly 1 adopts amplification >100 ultra-fine micro-endoscope doubly, and this micro-endoscope can show tiny soft tissue structure clear, makes imaging more clear.Endoscope lens 1-8 adopts the optical imagery unit that external diameter is 0.25mm, makes the diameter of the imaging band 1-6 that holds endoscope lens 1-8 as much as possible little.So, make the internal diameter of working lens pipe 1-1 also can design very littlely thereupon, can be assembled into easily in the micro-surgical instrument such with for example hollow needle cutter.
Further as shown in Figure 2, in the working lens pipe 1-1 of this assembly, be only provided with as reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 and imaging band 1-6, and do not have corresponding setting to draw liquid passage.This can reduce the internal diameter of working lens pipe 1-1 further.In a kind of optimal way, drawing liquid passage can form as the gap between the inwall of hollow needle cutter by the outer wall of working lens pipe 1-1 and outside operating theater instruments.Make not need in working lens pipe 1-1 to arrange and draw liquid passage, this internal diameter of further having avoided again working lens pipe 1-1 inside to draw the working lens pipe 1-1 that liquid passage causes for arranging increases problem.
Reservoir channel 1-4 is as shown in Figure 2 positioned at the inclined to one side side of working lens pipe 1-1 central interior, coaxially passes the corresponding opening arranging of through handle 1-3, and reservoir channel 1-4 is for treating to the next clear visual field of sufferer water filling or injectable drug, ozone etc.
Instrument channel 1-5 is as shown in Figure 2 positioned at the side of imaging band 1-6 and reservoir channel 1-4, coaxially passes the upper corresponding opening arranging of through handle 1-3 along working lens pipe 1-1.Instrument channel 1-5 is mainly used in holding for implementing the required such as radio frequency needle of apparatus of operation.
Light-conductive optic fibre 1-7 as shown in Figure 2 runs through working lens pipe 1-1, be distributed between the periphery and working lens pipe 1-1 inwall of reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5, imaging band 1-6, light-conductive optic fibre 1-7, for external light source is transmitted to patient part, illuminates the observation visual field of endoscope.
In one embodiment, the about 150-200mm of length of working lens pipe 1-1, the about 1.3mm of external diameter, reservoir channel 1-4 diameter is 0.2mm, the diameter of instrument channel 1-5 is 0.9mm.The internal diameter of this instrument channel 1-5 with match by the operating theater instruments external diameter size of instrument channel 1-5.Reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 involved in the present invention are not limited to the above size.
Again as shown in Figure 1, it is upper that connector 1-2 is located at working lens pipe 1-1 or handle 1-3, for coordinating together with by endoscope assembly 1, with bushing type and operating theater instruments, for example hollow needle cutter is assembled into the interface channel 2-3 of endoscope.In a preferred example, can between pin cutter inwall and working lens pipe 1-1 outer wall, form and draw liquid passage 2-2, it is for outside the waste liquid lead body that operation is produced, and clear surgical field of view, carries out smoothly thereby ensure to perform the operation.Because one embodiment of the present of invention have been avoided arranging and drawing liquid passage in working lens pipe 1-1, reduce the internal diameter of working lens pipe 1-1, the corresponding internal diameter that has reduced telescopic joint hollow needle cutter, the wound while having reduced the operation of pin cutter, human body having been caused, further reaches Wicresoft's object as much as possible.
Again as shown in Figure 1, handle 1-3 is the handgrip part of endoscope assembly 1.Conventionally in handle 1-3, can be provided with photo-electric conversion element, be used for that optical imaging system is conducted to the optical imagery of coming and change the signal of telecommunication into and send to graphical analysis platform.The rear end of handle 1-3 is also provided with the opening that is communicated with respectively reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 and imaging band 1-6.
A kind of armarium of an alternative embodiment of the invention, comprise endoscope assembly 1 as above and hollow needle cutter 2, this armarium also can be equipped with operating theater instruments and use as radio frequency needle in endoscopic instrument passage 1-5, this radio frequency needle patient part nervous tissue that can be used to loosen, is conducive to the execution of operation.Be illustrated in figure 3 the armarium external structure of being furnished with radio frequency needle 3.
In this embodiment, working lens pipe 1-1 is deep in the working column 2-1 of hollow needle cutter 2 along the interface channel 2-3 of endoscope.Together with endoscope assembly 1 being assembled into hollow needle cutter 2 with connector 1-2.Endoscope assembly 1 and hollow needle cutter 2 are used in conjunction with, and the operation of pin cutter can carried out under visual condition, have improved the safety coefficient of pin cutter operation.Radio frequency needle 3 is passed the front end that arrives working lens pipe 1-1 by instrument channel 1-5.
Front end enlarged drawing when being illustrated in figure 4 this armarium and being furnished with radio frequency needle 3.Working lens pipe 1-1 is placed in working column 2-1 central authorities.Radio frequency needle 3 passes through instrument channel 1-5.Between working lens pipe 1-1 outer wall and working column 2-1 for drawing liquid passage 2-2.Working column 2-1 front end has pin knife structure.This equipment combines pin cutter and endoscope, makes the operation of pin cutter become visual operation from blind depending on operation, has improved safety coefficient.Gap between the inwall of working column 2-1 and working lens pipe 1-1 is as drawing liquid passage 2-2, need in working lens pipe 1-1, not arrange and draw liquid passage, reduce the internal diameter of the working lens pipe 1-1 of endoscope, and then reduced the internal diameter of working column 2-1 on hollow needle cutter 2, thereby reduce the wound of pin cutter to human body.
Be illustrated in figure 5 the external structure of hollow needle cutter 2, elongated portion shown in figure is working column 2-1, and length is 150mm-200mm, is service aisle, is used for holding working lens pipe 1-1.The rear end of working column 2-1 is provided with the opening and the interface channel interface 2-3 of endoscope that draw liquid passage 2-2.
Be illustrated in figure 6 the front end enlarged drawing of working column 2-1, the diameter of working column 2-1 is 1.5mm-2.5mm, and front end is provided with 30 ° of chamferings, for the chamfering tip at working column 2-1, pin cutter is set, and pin cutter width is 1mm.Hollow needle cutter 2 adopts medical stainless steel, has certain rigidity, intensity, and surface gives coating, and front end 1-2.5mm is exposed.Pin cutter chamfer angle, pin cutter width involved in the present invention are not limited to the above size, can arrange according to the concrete performance of operation.
Internal-and external diameter, length, chamfering and the pin cutter width of hollow needle cutter 2 of the present invention are not limited to size described above, and they can change according to practical situation.Therefore, it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that above is not as restriction of the present invention.Protection scope of the present invention still need be defined by claims.
Be illustrated in figure 7 the external structure of radio frequency needle 3, its bare front end part is radio frequency needle probe 3-1.Periphery except probe exposed part is provided with insulating barrier, prevents that rf wave from injuring surrounding tissue, improves the safety that radio frequency needle 3 uses.This radio frequency needle 3 is for launching radio-frequency current, realize Nerve impulse or primary structure around heat setting loosen, recover neural blood flow.Radio frequency needle 3 inside are provided with temperature inductor.This induction apparatus can instant playback, control tip temperature, therefore can assist to carry out safe and reliable operation.Radio frequency needle also can measure neural sensation simultaneously and motor function changes, and effectively prevents nerve injury, and degree of accuracy is in 0.2mm left and right.
In one embodiment, this radio frequency needle 3 is made up of coaxial cable special material, adopts extension design, and length is greater than 245mm, is about 1.1 times of endoscope assembly 1 length.The insulate diameter at position of this radio frequency needle 3 is 0.7mm-0.9mm.The radio frequency needle probe exposed 1.5mm in 3-1 position, probe diameter is 0.4mm.The length of the radio frequency needle relating in the present invention, diameter are not limited to size described above, can arrange according to the concrete performance of operation.
The implementation process of an embodiment is as follows: together with endoscope assembly 1, hollow needle cutter 2 and radio frequency needle 3 are assembled into by the above method, imaging band 1-6 is connected with graphical analysis platform; Then connect endoscope illuminator, external light source is transmitted to patient part by light-conductive optic fibre 1-8, illuminate the patient part visual field; Then hollow needle cutter 2 edge of a knife ends are deep into lesions position; Open radio-frequency power supply startup radio frequency needle 3 and import wireless high-frequency galvanism patient part; By endoscope lens 1-7 by lesions position image along being transmitted to graphical analysis platform in imaging band 1-6, analyze and research and obtain diagnostic result; Realize lesions position operation technique by hollow needle cutter 2 again.
In operation process, by reservoir channel 1-4 to lesions position water filling in order to the clear visual field, by applying vacuum suction drainage wash liquid to drawing liquid passage 2-2, go out parts of fine cell chip simultaneously.
Although the embodiment that the present invention announces as above, the embodiment that described content just adopts for the ease of understanding the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention.Technical staff in any the technical field of the invention; do not departing under the prerequisite of the spirit and scope that the present invention announces; can do any amendment and variation what implement in form and in details; but scope of patent protection of the present invention, still must be as the criterion with the scope that appending claims was defined.

Claims (10)

1. an endoscope assembly, comprising:
Working lens pipe, is wherein provided with reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band;
Endoscope lens, it is placed in described imaging band, and its one end extends to the front portion of described working lens pipe;
Handle, its one end is connected with described working lens pipe, and described reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band extend to the other end of described handle;
Light-conductive optic fibre, described optical fiber runs through described working lens pipe and is distributed in described reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band periphery; And
Connector, it is located on described working lens pipe or handle, connects hollow needle cutter in order to bushing type, thereby forms and draw liquid passage between described pin cutter inwall and described working lens pipe outer wall.
2. endoscope assembly as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, is provided with opening to communicate with described reservoir channel, instrument channel respectively on the other end of described handle.
3. endoscope assembly as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, is also provided with the interface being connected with external light source and photographic head on the other end of described handle.
4. endoscope assembly as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, is also provided with core image-forming component in described handle.
5. an armarium, it comprises:
Endoscope assembly as described in any one in claim 1-4;
Hollow needle cutter, described hollow needle cutter one end is connected with described endoscope assembly by the connector of described endoscope assembly, wherein, leaves gap and draw liquid passage to form between the inwall of described hollow needle cutter and the outer wall of described working lens pipe.
6. armarium as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, the other end of described hollow needle cutter is provided with chamfering.
7. armarium as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that, described chamfering is 30 degree.
8. the armarium as described in any one in claim 5-7, is characterized in that, also comprises radio frequency needle, and it is placed in described endoscope assembly inside by described instrument channel.
9. armarium as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, the periphery of described radio frequency needle except probe exposed part is provided with insulating barrier.
10. armarium as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that, described radio frequency needle length is about 1.1 times of length of described endoscope assembly.
CN201410175439.8A 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 A kind of endoscope assembly and armarium Active CN103932656B (en)

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CN104887295A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-09-09 苏州博习医疗科技有限公司 Minimally invasive surgical instrument for treating spinal canal stenosis
CN105267025B (en) * 2015-10-28 2017-07-28 青岛市中心医院 Control trauma surface infestation device and control method in a kind of ultrasonic lithotripsy in treatment of ureter
CN108784760A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-13 陈克银 A kind of needle knife mirror gas-liquid conversion device for casting
CN108814690A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-16 陈克银 The needle knife mirror device for casting of needle tubing is drawn equipped with spiral
CN108836432A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-20 陈克银 Needle knife mirror
CN108836448A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-20 陈克银 A kind of needle knife mirror enhancing perfusion device
CN109077781A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-12-25 陈克银 The needle knife mirror of needle tubing is drawn equipped with spiral
CN109077780A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-12-25 陈克银 A kind of needle knife mirror device for casting
CN109394333A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-01 江苏邦士医疗科技有限公司 A kind of Plasma surgical instrument improving endoscope compound operation function
CN112998639A (en) * 2021-02-26 2021-06-22 沈阳燕都医院有限公司 Ultramicro wound visual needle-knife mirror system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104887295A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-09-09 苏州博习医疗科技有限公司 Minimally invasive surgical instrument for treating spinal canal stenosis
CN105267025B (en) * 2015-10-28 2017-07-28 青岛市中心医院 Control trauma surface infestation device and control method in a kind of ultrasonic lithotripsy in treatment of ureter
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CN108836448A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-20 陈克银 A kind of needle knife mirror enhancing perfusion device
CN109077781A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-12-25 陈克银 The needle knife mirror of needle tubing is drawn equipped with spiral
CN109077780A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-12-25 陈克银 A kind of needle knife mirror device for casting
CN109394333A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-01 江苏邦士医疗科技有限公司 A kind of Plasma surgical instrument improving endoscope compound operation function
CN112998639A (en) * 2021-02-26 2021-06-22 沈阳燕都医院有限公司 Ultramicro wound visual needle-knife mirror system

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