CN103932656B - A kind of endoscope assembly and armarium - Google Patents

A kind of endoscope assembly and armarium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103932656B
CN103932656B CN201410175439.8A CN201410175439A CN103932656B CN 103932656 B CN103932656 B CN 103932656B CN 201410175439 A CN201410175439 A CN 201410175439A CN 103932656 B CN103932656 B CN 103932656B
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endoscope
armarium
cutter
telescope
hollow needle
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CN103932656A (en
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乔晋琳
丁宇
曾宪龙
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乔晋琳
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of endoscope assembly and armarium, be applied to field of medical technology, this endoscope includes that work telescope, endoscope lens, handle and light-conductive optic fibre, the telescope that wherein works are provided with reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band;This armarium includes endoscope assembly as above and hollow needle cutter, is formed and draw liquid passage between hollow needle cutter inwall and work telescope outer wall.Endoscope assembly of the present invention uses small core optical image unit, reduces endoscope's volume;Endoscope's work telescope is not required to setting and draws liquid passage, reduce the internal diameter of endoscope's work telescope so that with the use of the internal diameter of hollow needle cutter reduce, reduce the wound to human body;Hollow needle cutter coordinates endoscope assembly so that the operation of pin cutter is become visual operation from blind depending on operation, improves safety coefficient.

Description

A kind of endoscope assembly and armarium
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of medical equipment, specifically, relate to a kind of medical treatment applying endoscope assembly Equipment.
Background technology
The class commonly encountered diseases in human motion system, frequently-occurring disease is become along with chronic soft tissue injuries disease, domestic Suffering from outward this disease person a lot of, needle-knife therapy achieves definite curative effect in treating this kind of clinical disease.Pin cutter leads to Crossing directly loosen cutting adhesion organization and cicatrix bar rope, alleviation pathological tissues is to neurovascular compressing rapidly, changes Kind peripheral blood circulation, diminishing inflammation property medium and algogenic substance, make pain aching and tired, numb and the dyskinesia etc. Symptom rapidly be improvement.But tradition needle-knife therapy is by epidermis, pin cutter to be deep into subcutaneous tissue grasp Making, human eye is not visible, complicated to some anatomical structures, have the position of important neural blood vessel process, adjoin weight There is certain potential safety hazard when implementing in the position wanting internal organs so that the safety coefficient of pin cutter operation is substantially reduced.
Traditional optical endoscope internal imaging unit volume is relatively big, when using endoscope to perform the operation, need to including Sight glass work telescope configures reservoir channel to patient part water filling or injection, in addition it is also necessary to arrange and draw liquid passage by disease Stove site fluid attracts drain, and for the clear visual field, the volume so making endoscope is relatively big, when performing the operation The wound producing human body is bigger.
Based on above-mentioned situation, need a kind of endoscope badly and pin cutter combines can carry out pin cutter behaviour under the conditions of visual The system made, had both realized the visualization of pin cutter operation, had reduced again the wound to human body.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems referred to above, the invention provides the armarium that a kind of pin cutter combines with endoscope.
According to an aspect of the invention, it is provided a kind of endoscope assembly, including:
Work telescope, is provided with reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band;
Endoscope lens, before it is placed in described imaging band, and its one end extends to described work telescope Portion;
Handle, its one end is connected with described work telescope, described reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band one Directly extend to the other end of described handle;
Light-conductive optic fibre, described optical fiber runs through described work telescope and is distributed in described reservoir channel, instrument channel and becomes As passage periphery;And
Connector, it is located on described work telescope or handle, connects hollow needle cutter in order to bushing type, thus Formed between described pin cutter inwall and described work telescope outer wall and draw liquid passage.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the other end of described handle is provided with opening with respectively with described note Liquid passage, instrument channel communicate.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the other end of described handle is additionally provided with and external light source and shooting The interface that head connects.
According to one embodiment of present invention, it is additionally provided with core image-forming component in described handle.
According to one embodiment of present invention, described instrumentation tubes path length is about 150-200mm, external diameter about 1.3mm.
According to another aspect of the present invention, additionally providing a kind of armarium, this armarium includes above-mentioned What a kind of endoscope assembly and hollow needle cutter, the described hollow needle cutter one end connector by described endoscope assembly It is attached with described endoscope assembly, wherein, the inwall of described hollow needle cutter and the outer wall of described work telescope Between leave gap with formed draw liquid passage.
According to another embodiment of the invention, the other end of described hollow needle cutter is provided with chamfering.
According to another embodiment of the invention, the chamfering of described hollow needle cutter is 30 degree.
According to another embodiment of the invention, described armarium also includes radio frequency needle, and it passes through described device Tool passage and be placed in inside described endoscope assembly.
According to another embodiment of the invention, described radio frequency needle periphery in addition to probe exposed part is provided with absolutely Edge layer.
According to another embodiment of the invention, described radio frequency needle length is about the length of described endoscope assembly 1.1 again.
Present invention offers following beneficial effect:
Endoscope assembly of the present invention uses small core optical image unit, reduces endoscope's volume. Liquid passage is drawn owing to not setting, and so that hollow needle cutter working column inwall and endoscope assembly to work between telescope Gap as drawing liquid passage, therefore reduce endoscope work telescope internal diameter so that with the use of hollow needle The internal diameter of cutter reduces, and reduces the wound to human body;Hollow needle cutter coordinates endoscope assembly so that pin cutter is performed the operation Become visual operation from blind depending on operation, improve safety coefficient.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment Or the accompanying drawing required in description of the prior art does and simply introduces:
Fig. 1 is the external structure schematic diagram of endoscope assembly in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front end enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the external structure schematic diagram of armarium in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the front end enlarged drawing of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the external structure of hollow needle cutter;
Fig. 6 is the front end enlarged drawing of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the external structure schematic diagram of radio frequency needle in the present invention;
Wherein: 1, endoscope assembly, 1-1, work telescope, 1-2, connector, 1-3, handle, 1-4, note Liquid passage, 1-5, instrument channel, 1-6, imaging band, 1-7, light-conductive optic fibre, 1-8, endoscope lens, 2, Hollow needle cutter, 2-1, working column, 2-2, draw liquid passage, 2-3, endoscope interface channel, 3, radio frequency needle, 3-1, radio frequency needle are popped one's head in.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiments of the present invention are described in detail, whereby to the present invention such as below with reference to drawings and Examples What application technology means solves technical problem, and the process that realizes reaching technique effect can fully understand and evidence To implement.As long as it should be noted that do not constitute conflict, each embodiment in the present invention and respectively implementing Each feature in example can be combined with each other, and the technical scheme formed is all within protection scope of the present invention. The noun of locality used in the present invention as " on " D score " front " " afterwards " etc. is not as to each ingredient locations of structures Limit.
Fig. 1 show the external structure of the endoscope assembly 1 of one embodiment of the present of invention.As it can be seen, This assembly includes work telescope 1-1, connector 1-2 and handle 1-3.Wherein, handle 1-3 one end and working lens Pipe 1-1 connects, and the other end is provided with and connects with reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 and imaging band 1-6 respectively Opening.Connector 1-2 is positioned on work telescope 1-1 or handle 1-3, for by other operating theater instruments with Work telescope 1-1 connects together.
Work telescope 1-1 be elongated portion as shown in Figure 1, be internally provided with reservoir channel 1-4, apparatus lead to Road 1-5 and imaging band 1-6.In one example, these passages can be along the axial distribution of telescope.They by The front end of work telescope 1-1 extends to the rearward end of handle 1-3 and is correspondingly arranged with on handle 1-3 respectively Open communication.Imaging band 1-6 can be used for placing the such as imaging such as endoscope lens, core image-forming component Element.Inwall in reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 and imaging band 1-6 periphery with work telescope 1-1 Between can place such as light-conductive optic fibre the light of external light source to be introduced, thus illuminate endoscopic visualisation region.
It is illustrated in figure 2 the front end enlarged drawing of work telescope 1-1.In the figure, it can be seen that outer circle is ring-type is Work telescope 1-1, is internally provided with endoscope lens 1-8.Endoscope lens 1-8 is placed in imaging band 1-6, And its one end extends to the front portion of work telescope 1-1.Endoscope lens 1-8 is for by the image of patient part Image-forming component in imaged passage 1-6 is transmitted to the graphical analysis platform being such as connected with imaging band 1-6, In order to patient part to be analyzed research.
Endoscope assembly 1 uses amplification > the ultra-fine micro-endoscope of 100 times, this micro-endoscope can be by Tiny soft tissue structure shows clear so that imaging is apparent.Endoscope lens 1-8 uses external diameter to be 0.25mm Optical image unit so that the diameter of imaging band 1-6 accommodating endoscope lens 1-8 is the least. So so that the internal diameter of work telescope 1-1 can be designed to the least the most therewith, can be easily assembled With in the such as such micro-surgical instrument of hollow needle cutter.
Further as in figure 2 it is shown, work telescope 1-1 of this assembly is only provided with as reservoir channel 1-4, Instrument channel 1-5 and imaging band 1-6, and be not correspondingly arranged and draw liquid passage.This can reduce work further The internal diameter of telescope 1-1.In a kind of optimal way, draw liquid passage can by the outer wall of work telescope 1-1 with Gap between the inwall of surgical instrument such as hollow needle cutter and formed.Make work telescope 1-1 need not Liquid passage is drawn in setting, and this turn avoid inside work telescope 1-1 further as arranging the work drawing liquid passage and cause The internal diameter making telescope 1-1 increases problem.
Reservoir channel 1-4 as shown in Figure 2 is positioned at the inclined side of work telescope 1-1 center of inside, coaxially passes directly Reaching the opening that handle 1-3 is correspondingly arranged, reservoir channel 1-4 is for coming the clear visual field or injection drug to sufferer water filling Thing, ozone etc. are treated.
Instrument channel 1-5 as shown in Figure 2 is positioned at imaging band 1-6 and the side of reservoir channel 1-4, along work Make telescope 1-1 and coaxially pass the opening being correspondingly arranged on through handle 1-3.Instrument channel 1-5 is mainly used in holding Receive as implementing the apparatus such as radio frequency needle needed for operation.
Light-conductive optic fibre 1-7 as shown in Figure 2 runs through work telescope 1-1, be distributed in reservoir channel 1-4, apparatus lead to Between road 1-5, the periphery of imaging band 1-6 and work telescope 1-1 inwall, light-conductive optic fibre 1-7 is for by outside Light source is transmitted to patient part, illuminates the observation visual field of endoscope.
In one embodiment, the length about 150-200mm of work telescope 1-1, external diameter about 1.3mm, fluid injection The a diameter of 0.2mm of passage 1-4, a diameter of 0.9mm of instrument channel 1-5.The internal diameter of this instrument channel 1-5 Match with by the operating theater instruments external diameter size of instrument channel 1-5.Reservoir channel 1-4 involved in the present invention, Instrument channel 1-5 is not limited to the above size.
Again as it is shown in figure 1, connector 1-2 is located on work telescope 1-1 or handle 1-3, for interior Endoscope assembly 1 is assembled into operating theater instruments such as hollow needle cutter by 2-3 cooperation in sight glass interface channel with bushing type Together.In a preferred example, can be formed between pin cutter inwall and work telescope 1-1 outer wall and draw liquid Passage 2-2, it is outside the waste liquid lead body that will produce in operation, clear surgical field of view, thus ensures operation It is smoothed out.Draw liquid passage owing to one embodiment of the present of invention avoids to arrange in work telescope 1-1, subtract The internal diameter of little work telescope 1-1, reduces the internal diameter of telescopic joint hollow needle cutter accordingly, reduces pin cutter Wound during operation caused human body, further up to Wicresoft's purpose as far as possible.
Again as it is shown in figure 1, the handgrip part that handle 1-3 is endoscope assembly 1.Generally in handle 1-3 Photo-electric conversion element can be provided with, be used for the optical imagery by optical imaging system conduction comes and be changed into the signal of telecommunication also It is sent to graphical analysis platform.The rear end of handle 1-3 is additionally provided with and is respectively communicated with reservoir channel 1-4, instrument channel 1-5 and the opening of imaging band 1-6.
A kind of armarium of an alternative embodiment of the invention, including endoscope assembly 1 as above and sky Heart pin cutter 2, this armarium also can be equipped with operating theater instruments such as radio frequency needle in endoscopic instrument passage 1-5 and use, This radio frequency needle can be used to the patient part nervous tissue that loosens, and is conducive to the execution of operation.It is illustrated in figure 3 and is furnished with The armarium external structure of radio frequency needle 3.
In this embodiment, work telescope 1-1 is deep into hollow needle cutter 2 along endoscope interface channel 2-3 In working column 2-1.With connector 1-2, endoscope assembly 1 and hollow needle cutter 2 are assemblied together.Inside peep Mirror assembly 1 and hollow needle cutter 2 with the use of so that the operation of pin cutter can carried out under the conditions of visual, improves The safety coefficient of pin cutter operation.Radio frequency needle 3 is passed the front end arriving work telescope 1-1 by instrument channel 1-5.
It is illustrated in figure 4 front end enlarged drawing when this armarium is furnished with radio frequency needle 3.Work telescope 1-1 is placed in Working column 2-1 central authorities.Radio frequency needle 3 passes through instrument channel 1-5.Work telescope 1-1 outer wall and work set For drawing liquid passage 2-2 between pipe 2-1.Working column 2-1 front end has pin knife structure.This equipment is by pin cutter and interior Sight glass combines so that the operation of pin cutter is become visual operation from blind depending on operation, improves safety coefficient.Work set Gap between inwall and work telescope 1-1 of pipe 2-1 is as drawing liquid passage 2-2, it is not necessary in work telescope 1-1 is arranged and draws liquid passage, reduce the internal diameter of endoscope's work telescope 1-1, and then reduce hollow needle cutter 2 The internal diameter of upper working column 2-1, thus reduce the pin cutter wound to human body.
Being illustrated in figure 5 the external structure of hollow needle cutter 2, elongated portion shown in figure is working column 2-1, A length of 150mm-200mm, for service aisle, is used for accommodating work telescope 1-1.After working column 2-1 End is provided with opening and the endoscope interface channel interface 2-3 drawing liquid passage 2-2.
Being illustrated in figure 6 the front end enlarged drawing of working column 2-1, working column 2-1's is a diameter of 1.5mm-2.5mm, front end is provided with 30 ° of chamferings, for arranging pin cutter, pin at the chamfering tip of working column 2-1 Cutter width is 1mm.Hollow needle cutter 2 uses medical stainless steel, has certain rigidity, intensity, and surface is coated with Layer, front end 1-2.5mm is exposed.Pin cutter chamfer angle, pin cutter width involved in the present invention are not limited to above institute State size, situation can be embodied as according to operation and be configured.
The internal-and external diameter of hollow needle cutter 2 of the present invention, length, chamfering and pin cutter width are not limited to the described above size, They are according to practical situation, can change.Therefore, it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that above is not to make Restriction for the present invention.Protection scope of the present invention still needs to be defined by claims.
Being illustrated in figure 7 the external structure of radio frequency needle 3, its bare front end part is radio frequency needle probe 3-1. Periphery in addition to probe exposed part is provided with insulating barrier, prevents rf wave from injuring surrounding tissue, improves radio frequency The safety that pin 3 uses.This radio frequency needle 3 is used for launching radio-frequency current, it is achieved Nerve impulse or primary structure week Enclose heat setting to loosen, recover neural blood flow.Radio frequency needle 3 is internal is provided with temperature inductor.This induction apparatus can be instant Display, control tip temperature, therefore can assist to carry out safe and reliable operation.Radio frequency needle the most also can be measured Neural sensation and motor function change, effectively prevent nerve injury, and degree of accuracy is at about 0.2mm.
In one embodiment, this radio frequency needle 3 is made up of coaxial cable special material, uses extension design, long Degree is more than 245mm, about 1.1 times of endoscope assembly 1 length.This radio frequency needle 3 insulate a diameter of of position 0.7mm-0.9mm.The radio frequency needle probe exposed 1.5mm in 3-1 position, probe diameter is 0.4mm.In the present invention The length of the radio frequency needle related to, diameter are not limited to the described above size, can enter according to the situation that is embodied as of operation Row is arranged.
The implementation process of one embodiment is as follows: by endoscope assembly 1, hollow needle cutter 2 and radio frequency needle 3 by with Upper described method is assemblied together, and is connected with graphical analysis platform by imaging band 1-6;It is then turn on endoscope Light source, is transmitted to patient part by external light source by light-conductive optic fibre 1-8, illuminates the patient part visual field;Then Hollow needle cutter 2 edge of a knife end is deep into lesions position;Open radio-frequency power supply startup radio frequency needle 3 and import wireless high-frequency Galvanism patient part;By endoscope lens 1-7, lesions position image is conducted along imaging band 1-6 To graphical analysis platform, it is analyzed research and obtains diagnostic result;Lesions position is realized again by hollow needle cutter 2 Operation technique.
In operation process, by reservoir channel 1-4 to lesions position water filling in order to the clear visual field, by drawing liquid Passage 2-2 applies vacuum suction drainage wash liquid, goes out part fine tissue chip simultaneously.
Although the embodiment that the present invention is announced is as above, but described content is only to facilitate understand this Bright and the embodiment that uses, is not limited to the present invention.Skill in any the technical field of the invention Art personnel, on the premise of the spirit and scope announced without departing from the present invention, can be formal implement And in details, make any amendment and change, but the scope of patent protection of the present invention, still must be with appended right Claim is defined in the range of standard.

Claims (8)

1. an armarium, comprising:
Endoscope assembly;
Hollow needle cutter, described hollow needle cutter one end is by the connector of described endoscope assembly and described endoscope group Part is attached, wherein, the outer wall of the inwall of described hollow needle cutter and the work telescope of described endoscope assembly it Between leave gap with formed draw liquid passage, the other end of described hollow needle cutter is provided with chamfering, and described chamfering tip sets Put pin cutter,
Described endoscope assembly includes:
Work telescope, is provided with reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band;
Endoscope lens, before it is placed in described imaging band, and its one end extends to described work telescope Portion;
Handle, its one end is connected with described work telescope, described reservoir channel, instrument channel and imaging band one Directly extend to the other end of described handle;
Light-conductive optic fibre, described optical fiber runs through described work telescope and is distributed in described reservoir channel, instrument channel and becomes As passage periphery;And
Connector, it is located on described work telescope or handle, connects hollow needle cutter in order to bushing type, thus Between described pin cutter inwall and described work telescope outer wall formed draw liquid passage, described in draw liquid passage for by hands Outside the waste liquid lead body produced in art.
2. armarium as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that set on the other end of described handle There is opening to communicate with described reservoir channel, instrument channel respectively.
3. armarium as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that on the other end of described handle also It is provided with the interface being connected with external light source and photographic head.
4. armarium as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that be additionally provided with core in described handle Image-forming component.
5. the armarium as described in claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that described chamfering is 30 degree.
6. armarium as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that also including radio frequency needle, it passes through institute State instrument channel and be placed in inside described endoscope assembly.
7. armarium as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that described radio frequency needle is except exposed portion of popping one's head in / outer periphery is provided with insulating barrier.
8. armarium as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that described radio frequency needle length is about described 1.1 times of the length of endoscope assembly.
CN201410175439.8A 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 A kind of endoscope assembly and armarium Active CN103932656B (en)

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CN204765815U (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-11-18 苏州博习医疗科技有限公司 Minimal access surgery apparatus of treatment spinal canal stenosis
CN105267025B (en) * 2015-10-28 2017-07-28 青岛市中心医院 Control trauma surface infestation device and control method in a kind of ultrasonic lithotripsy in treatment of ureter
CN109077780A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-12-25 陈克银 A kind of needle knife mirror device for casting
CN109077781A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-12-25 陈克银 The needle knife mirror of needle tubing is drawn equipped with spiral
CN108836432A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-20 陈克银 Needle knife mirror
CN108814690A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-16 陈克银 The needle knife mirror device for casting of needle tubing is drawn equipped with spiral
CN108784760B (en) * 2018-06-26 2021-02-26 陈克银 Needle-knife mirror gas-liquid conversion filling device
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CN109394333A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-01 江苏邦士医疗科技有限公司 A kind of Plasma surgical instrument improving endoscope compound operation function
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