CN201909432U - Superconducting boiler with gas produced from coal - Google Patents

Superconducting boiler with gas produced from coal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201909432U
CN201909432U CN2011200049166U CN201120004916U CN201909432U CN 201909432 U CN201909432 U CN 201909432U CN 2011200049166 U CN2011200049166 U CN 2011200049166U CN 201120004916 U CN201120004916 U CN 201120004916U CN 201909432 U CN201909432 U CN 201909432U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
gas
coal
courage
coal gas
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011200049166U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘克良
孙宝玉
王登月
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CHANGCHUN OASIS HEAT SUPPLY EQUIPMENT FACTORY
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CHANGCHUN OASIS HEAT SUPPLY EQUIPMENT FACTORY
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Priority to CN2011200049166U priority Critical patent/CN201909432U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201909432U publication Critical patent/CN201909432U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A superconducting boiler with gas produced from coal belongs to machinery, and mainly comprises a boiler inner container, an outer drum, a grate, an arch, an inner container top, a bottom water sealing tank, an upper outer sealing head, a top flange and an upward chimney, wherein the boiler body structure is divided into an upper independent functional structure and a lower independent functional structure which are respectively a lower coal gas generation chamber and an upper coal gas combustion chamber by the arch, , a circulation water pipe passes through an interlayer formed by the inner container and the outer drum, and a boiler structure with a water jacket is formed. The coal gas generation chamber and the coal gas combustion chamber are communicated with each other by the aid a normally on ignition device which is arranged in the middle of a boiler body, a coal gas outlet on one side of the coal gas generation chamber and in the normally on ignition device is communicated with a coal gas inlet on one side of the coal gas combustion chamber. Transvers water pipes and a plurality of layers of superconducting pipes used for enlarging heat exchange area and increasing heating efficiency are distributed above the coal gas combustion chamber. The heating efficiency of the superconducting boiler compared with a common boiler with gas produced from coal can be increased by about 20%, and the superconducting boiler is simple in structure and reliable in safety performance.

Description

Superconduction coal generating gas boiler
Technical field
It is mechanical that the utility model belongs to, and is relevant a kind of superconduction coal generating gas boiler, refers to the coal to be raw material especially, gas generating chamber, the gentle combustion chamber of Chang Minghuo igniting chamber Trinitarian superconduction coal generating gas boiler.
Background technology
At present people mainly are coal-burning boilers at the boiler of producing, use in the life, but the fuel value of coal-burning boiler is low, wastes energy, and produce a large amount of fume emissions in atmosphere, serious environment pollution during the coal-burning boiler burning.There are undercapacity again in the molded coal boiler of type, semi-coal gas boiler in addition, intensification is slow, bed drain purge is big, and furnace temperature was low when blowing out was restarted, and still had the over-emitting black exhaust phenomenon.Though fuel oil, electricity consumption, liquefied gas boiler can reach the environmental protection standard requirement, the fuel cost costliness, the operating cost height, of non-ideal use.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of superconduction coal generating gas boiler, it is to be raw material with the coal, adopts gas generating chamber, igniting chamber, the Trinitarian combustion technology in gas burner, adopts super heat conduction simultaneously, not only the thermal efficiency obviously improves, and also accomplishes the fume emission of smokeless and dust free.
The utility model forms oxide layer gradually in the gas generating chamber under the effect of air-supply arrangement, carbon fully burns with oxygen in oxide layer, generates a large amount of carbon dioxide, discharges a large amount of heats simultaneously.When carbon dioxide and hot coke met, because anoxycausis is reduced to carbon monoxide and other fuel gas, often the naked light ignition device under the effect of burner, entered fully burning behind the gas burner, and boiler is heated up rapidly.Owing to be clean gas-fired,, promptly improve the thermal efficiency and protected environment again so fundamentally eliminated the root of boiler over-emitting black exhaust.
The agent structure of superconduction coal generating gas boiler is a body of heater, it is mainly by boiler inner furnace, outer drum, fire grate, chimney arch, and and the many groups superconducting pipe, flue top, the water sealed tank of bottom, the outer end socket on top and flange, the impact tube at top that are distributed in the body of heater constitute;
Its chimney arch is separated into the gas generating chamber of bottom and the gas burner on top with the body of heater agent structure, constitutes the water jacket samdwich structure by inner furnace and outer drum, and the furnace binding of several circulating water pipes by water jacket samdwich arranged.
Be provided with the Chang Minghuo igniter that gas generating chamber and gas burner are connected in the body of heater outside, be positioned at Chang Minghuo igniter gas generating chamber one side coal gas gas outlet and gas burner's one side gas inlet is connected.With air-supply valve in the middle part of the outside portion of open firing point fire device also is provided with often and top air-supply valve, one side of the bottom of body of heater is provided with the bottom air-supply valve into gas generating chamber's air-supply, so externally under air-supply arrangement-air blast effect, the gas burner that the coal gas that bottom gas generating chamber is produced is blown into top has formed coal gas generation, igniting and gas-fired Trinity burning structure for its burning.
One side of the gas generating chamber of body of heater bottom has firing door and clean-out door, and gas burner's one side on top has observation door.The bottom of gas generating chamber is a fire grate, is provided with one below the fire grate and provides the bottom air-supply valve of required air quantity of burning and oxygen for gas generating chamber.
The gas burner has the function of heating and heat exchange, provides sufficient thermal source by continuous hot water circuit to subscriber equipment.The indoor courage that hangs that is intended to increase heat exchange area that is provided with of gas-fired, in the bottom of hanging courage be provided with several horizontal water tubes that are connected with the recirculated water of furnace water jacket, courage bottom tube on every side and many group superconducting pipes: outer superconducting pipe, internal layer superconducting pipe and upper strata superconducting pipe, by many groups, every group several combination heat exchange structure, improved heat exchange efficiency greatly, continuously with recirculated water heating, at last by courage top communicating pipe, the water outlet base is connected with the heat supply circulation line of outside heating system that heat energy is provided.
The combustion chamber, top of body of heater is provided with the courage that hangs that is used to increase heat exchange area, the raising thermal efficiency, it is by hanging the courage top, hanging the sealing heat exchange body structure that constitutes at the bottom of the courage, hang courage around be provided with the horizontal water tube that is connected with furnace water jacket of bottom and many groups superconducting pipe of courage bottom tube, outer superconducting pipe, internal layer superconducting pipe and upper strata superconducting pipe, and hang the middle courage top that is communicated with heating system recirculated water that is provided with of courage and pass through communicating pipe, many horizontal water tubes are connected with the heat supply circulation line of courage top communicating pipe, water outlet base and outside heating system.
The top of body of heater also is provided with pressure gauge stand, logical atmosphere base, blowdown base, and the backwater base that is connected with thermal cycle pipeline system; The top of body of heater is provided with outlet flue.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, superconduction coal generating gas boiler is to be raw material with the coal, is fuel with coal gas, the fume emission smokeless and dust free.
2, gas generating chamber of the present utility model, igniting chamber, gas burner's Trinity combustion technology, gas generating chamber and gas burner separate, and simple to operate, fault rate is low.
3, superconduction coal generating gas boiler heat exchange area is not only horizontal water tube, also increases the multilayer superconducting pipe, and the common coal generating gas boiler thermal output that more only is distributed with horizontal water tube improves about 20%, and thermal efficiency height, and programming rate is fast.
4, disposable to fill out coal 300-400mm thick for superconduction coal generating gas boiler, about continuously-running 3-4 hour, and can not produce coal tar, and maintenance and fault rate are extremely low.
5, superconduction coal generating gas boiler performance security performance is reliable, can not only be with radiator, also can be with geothermal heating, can be desirable heating equipments such as office, factories and miness, bathing pool, hotel, school, army and villa dwelling house for the bathing pool heating.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the utility model boiler structure front view cutaway view.
Fig. 2 is the utility model boiler structure left view schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the utility model boiler structure vertical view schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the utility model superconducting pipe partial structurtes layout drawings.
Sequence number implication in the accompanying drawing:
1. bottom air-supply valve, 2. middle part air-supply valve, 3. top air-supply valve, 4. igniter, 5. gas burner, 6. hang courage, 7. hang the courage top, 8. flange, 9. pressure gauge stand, 10. hang at the bottom of the courage, 11. top horizontal water tube, 12. observation door, 13. firing door, 14. clean-out door, 15. gas generating chamber, 16. water sealed tank, the circle 17. get a foothold, 18. fire grate, 19 backwater bases, 20. inner furnace, 21. outer drum, 22. horizontal water tube, 23 chimney arch, 24. courage bottom tube, 25. outer superconducting pipe, 26. internal layer superconducting pipe, 27. upper strata superconducting pipe, 28. flue top, 29. outer end socket, 30. impact tube, 31. logical atmosphere base, 32. courage top communicating pipe, 33. water outlet base, 34. crater, 35. outlet flue, 36. blowdown base.
The specific embodiment:
As accompanying drawing 1 to shown in the accompanying drawing 4, as can be seen from Figure, the agent structure of superconduction coal generating gas boiler is a body of heater, it is mainly by inner furnace 20, outer drum 21, fire grate 18, the chimney arch 23 of boiler, and flue top 28, the water sealed tank 16 of bottom, the outer end socket 29 on get a foothold circle 17, top and flange 8, the impact tube 30 at top constitute, and by chimney arch 23 the body of heater agent structure is separated into upper and lower two functional structures independently: the gas generating chamber 15 of bottom and the gas burner 5 on top; Horizontal water tube 22 is coated in the chimney arch, so the existing isolation of the chimney arch effect of two Room up and down, has the function of heat exchange again; Being provided with circulating water pipe in the water jacket samdwich of its inner furnace 20 and outer drum 21 formations and passing through, is one to have the furnace binding of water jacket.
Be provided with the igniter 4 that gas generating chamber 15 and gas burner 5 are connected in the outer lower portion of body of heater, make gas generating chamber 15 1 side coal gas gas outlets and gas burner's 5 one side gas inlets be connected.The outside portion of igniter 4 also is provided with middle part air-supply valve 2 and top air-supply valve 3 simultaneously, and so externally under air-supply arrangement-air blast effect, the coal gas that bottom gas generating chamber 15 is produced is blown into the gas burner 5 on top for its burning.One side of the gas generating chamber 15 of bottom has firing door 13 and clean-out door 14, and gas burner's 5 one sides on top have observation door 12.The bottom of gas generating chamber 15 is fire grates 18, is provided with one below the fire grate 18 and provides the bottom air-supply valve 1 of required air quantity of burning and oxygen for gas generating chamber.
Hang courage 6, be positioned at many horizontal water tubes 22 and three groups of superconducting pipes of bottom, combustion chamber,, be connected with the heat supply circulation line of outside heating system by courage top communicating pipe 32, water outlet base 33 at last by above-mentioned multiple heat exchange structure.
Wherein hang courage 6 by hanging courage top 7, hanging the 10 sealing heat exchange body structures that constitute at the bottom of the courage, hang courage 6 around be provided with the top horizontal water tube 11 that is connected with furnace water jacket, and courage bottom tube 24, outer superconducting pipe 25, internal layer superconducting pipe 26 and upper strata superconducting pipe 27.There is the courage top to pass through communicating pipe 32 in the middle of hanging courage 6.
The top of body of heater also is provided with pressure gauge stand 9, logical atmosphere base 31, blowdown base 36, and the backwater base 19 that is connected with thermal cycle pipeline system; The top of body of heater is provided with crater 34 and outlet flue 35.

Claims (4)

1. superconduction coal generating gas boiler, it is characterized in that: the agent structure of superconduction coal generating gas boiler is a body of heater, it is mainly by boiler inner furnace, outer drum, fire grate, chimney arch, and and the many groups superconducting pipe, flue top, the water sealed tank of bottom, the outer end socket on top and flange, the impact tube at top that are distributed in the body of heater constitute, its chimney arch is separated into the gas generating chamber of bottom and the gas burner on top with the body of heater agent structure, constitute the water jacket samdwich structure by inner furnace and outer drum, and the furnace binding of several circulating water pipes by water jacket samdwich arranged.
2. according to the described superconduction coal generating gas of claim 1 boiler, it is characterized in that:
The body of heater outside is provided with the Chang Minghuo igniter that gas generating chamber and gas burner are connected, and is positioned at Chang Minghuo igniter gas generating chamber one side coal gas gas outlet and gas burner's one side gas inlet is connected;
The outside portion of Chang Minghuo igniter is provided with middle part air-supply valve and top air-supply valve;
One side of the bottom of body of heater is provided with the bottom air-supply valve into gas generating chamber's air-supply.
3. according to the described superconduction coal generating gas of claim 1 boiler, it is characterized in that: the combustion chamber, top of body of heater is provided with and is used to increase heat exchange area, improve the courage that hangs of the thermal efficiency, it is by hanging the courage top, hang the sealing heat exchange body structure that constitutes at the bottom of the courage, hang courage around be provided with the bottom horizontal water tube and the courage bottom tube that are connected with furnace water jacket, outer superconducting pipe, many groups superconducting pipe of internal layer superconducting pipe and upper strata superconducting pipe, and hang and be provided with the courage top that is communicated with heating system recirculated water in the middle of the courage and pass through communicating pipe, many horizontal water tubes and courage push up communicating pipe, the heat supply circulation line of water outlet base and outside heating system is connected.
4. according to the described superconduction coal generating gas of claim 1 boiler, it is characterized in that: horizontal water tube is coated among the chimney arch.
CN2011200049166U 2011-01-10 2011-01-10 Superconducting boiler with gas produced from coal Expired - Fee Related CN201909432U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200049166U CN201909432U (en) 2011-01-10 2011-01-10 Superconducting boiler with gas produced from coal

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200049166U CN201909432U (en) 2011-01-10 2011-01-10 Superconducting boiler with gas produced from coal

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201909432U true CN201909432U (en) 2011-07-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200049166U Expired - Fee Related CN201909432U (en) 2011-01-10 2011-01-10 Superconducting boiler with gas produced from coal

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104864390A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-08-26 陈小喜 Improved coal-burning vertical boiler
CN104864588A (en) * 2014-02-20 2015-08-26 英荣县 Stainless steel high-efficiency energy-saving boiler
CN106500306A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-03-15 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 A kind of counter-burning type wellsite heater

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104864588A (en) * 2014-02-20 2015-08-26 英荣县 Stainless steel high-efficiency energy-saving boiler
CN104864390A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-08-26 陈小喜 Improved coal-burning vertical boiler
CN106500306A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-03-15 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 A kind of counter-burning type wellsite heater

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110727

Termination date: 20120110