CN201903193U - Gravity heat pipe type flat-plate solar heat collector - Google Patents

Gravity heat pipe type flat-plate solar heat collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201903193U
CN201903193U CN2010206492577U CN201020649257U CN201903193U CN 201903193 U CN201903193 U CN 201903193U CN 2010206492577 U CN2010206492577 U CN 2010206492577U CN 201020649257 U CN201020649257 U CN 201020649257U CN 201903193 U CN201903193 U CN 201903193U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
plate
gravity assisted
heat pipe
collector
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010206492577U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋绿林
陈文志
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGZHOU DAILY SOLAR Co Ltd
Changzhou University
Original Assignee
CHANGZHOU DAILY SOLAR Co Ltd
Changzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by CHANGZHOU DAILY SOLAR Co Ltd, Changzhou University filed Critical CHANGZHOU DAILY SOLAR Co Ltd
Priority to CN2010206492577U priority Critical patent/CN201903193U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201903193U publication Critical patent/CN201903193U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model relates to a gravity heat pipe type flat-plate solar heat collector, which comprises a heat absorbing plate core, a header, a frame, a back plate and a cover plate. The cover plate is mounted on the surface of the heat absorbing plate core, the back plate is connected to the back of the heat absorbing plate core, the header is fixedly connected with the heat absorbing plate core, the frame is arranged on the periphery of the heat collector, heat-insulation layers are arranged among the frame on the periphery of the heat collector, the heat absorbing plate core and the back plate, gravity heat pipes and heat absorbing fins are arranged on the heat absorbing plate core, the gravity heat pipes are integrally connected with the heat absorbing fins, and the heat absorbing fins are connected with each other to form an integral plate. The gravity heat pipe type flat-plate solar heat collector has the advantages that anti-freezing performance of the flat-plate solar heat collector is improved, heat loss is reduced, and heat collecting efficiency of the flat-plate solar heat collector is greatly enhanced.

Description

A kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of solar, relates in particular to a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector.
Background technology
Solar thermal collector is divided into glass tube with vacuum solar thermal collector and flat-plate solar collector two big classes from the thermal-arrest mode.The glass tube with vacuum solar thermal collector has advantages such as efficient height, good frost resistance, but overall construction intensity is poor, should not be in elevation of building installation etc.
Flat-plate solar collector has appearance looks elegant, and overall construction intensity is good, and cost is low, easy to install, be convenient to and advantages such as elevation of building combines, but its anti-freezing property is poor, and under low temperature environment, solar collecting performance is not high.
Solving flat-plate solar collector anti-freezing property deficiency, is the key of solar thermal utilization urbanization thereby make flat-plate solar collector be convenient to install with elevation of building.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: provide a kind of anti-freezing property good, the high plate solar collector of collecting efficiency under low temperature environment.
In order to overcome the defective that exists in the background technology, the technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector, comprise heat-absorbing plate core, collector, frame, backboard and cover plate, the surface of described heat-absorbing plate core is equipped with cover plate, the back of described heat-absorbing plate core is connected with backboard, fixedly connected between described collector and the heat-absorbing plate core, be provided with frame around the described heat collector, described heat-absorbing plate core is provided with gravity assisted heat pipe and heat absorption fin, described gravity assisted heat pipe links into an integrated entity with the heat absorption fin, is interconnected to a whole plate between the described heat absorption fin.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector further comprises employing welding or expanded joint between described gravity assisted heat pipe and the heat absorption fin.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector comprises that further described heat-absorbing plate core is provided with 12 gravity assisted heat pipes.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector comprises that further the material of described gravity assisted heat pipe is an oxygen-free copper.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector further comprises filling in the described gravity assisted heat pipe and is provided with distilled water.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector further comprises between the frame of described heat collector and back and the heat-absorbing plate core and is provided with the insulation layer.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector comprises that further the employing mother-son groove connects between the described heat absorption fin.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector further comprises the blue titanium plated film of surface employing magnetron sputtering of described heat absorption fin.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector comprises that further described cover plate is glass cover-plate or organic cover plate.
According to another embodiment of the present utility model, a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector comprises that further the described cover plate face relative with the heat absorption fin is concavo-convex woven design shape.
The utility model has solved the defective that exists in the background technology, has strengthened the resistance to frost of flat plate collector, has reduced thermal loss, has improved the collecting efficiency of flat plate collector greatly.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of A among Fig. 1, i.e. the structural representation of heat pipe and fin;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of B among Fig. 1, i.e. the cross sectional representation of heat pipe and fin;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing of C among Fig. 1, and syndeton schematic diagram between the fin promptly absorbs heat.
Wherein: 1, heat-absorbing plate core, 2, collector, 3, frame, 4, backboard, 5, glass cover-plate, 6, gravity assisted heat pipe, 7, mother-son groove, 8, the heat absorption fin.
The specific embodiment
With preferred embodiment the utility model is described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings now.These accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification, basic structure of the present utility model only is described in a schematic way, so it only show the formation relevant with the utility model.
A kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector shown in Fig. 1-2, comprise heat-absorbing plate core 1, collector 2, frame 3, backboard 4 and glass cover-plate 5, the surface of described heat-absorbing plate core 1 is equipped with cover plate 5, the back of described heat-absorbing plate core 1 is connected with backboard 4, fixedly connected between described collector 2 and the heat-absorbing plate core 1, be provided with frame 3 around the described heat collector, described heat-absorbing plate core 1 is provided with gravity assisted heat pipe 6 and heat absorption fin 8, described gravity assisted heat pipe 6 links into an integrated entity with heat absorption fin 8, is interconnected to a whole plate between the described heat absorption fin 8.
As shown in Figure 3-4, the utility model adopts gravity assisted heat pipe 6 to be applied to flat plate collector, gravity assisted heat pipe 6 is arranged on heat absorption fin 8 inside and is connected in aggregates with heat absorption fin 8, mode by welding or expanded joint between them connects, gravity assisted heat pipe 6 adopts special process directly to weld with collector 2 simultaneously, can reduce thermal resistance like this, improve hot transfer efficiency; This gravity assisted heat pipe 6 adopts oxygen-free copper to make, and fills in the gravity assisted heat pipe 6 to be provided with distilled water, and filling amount is 1-10ml, and the cavity volume of this gravity assisted heat pipe 6 should be corresponding with filling amount.The use of gravity assisted heat pipe 6 is changed into heat pipe phase-change heat-exchange mode with original current heat exchange mode, greatly reduce heat waste, improved heat transference efficiency, make flat plate collector just can keep high collecting efficiency at low-temperature space, and because " thermal diode " effect of gravity assisted heat pipe 6, thoroughly solve the antifreeze problem of flat plate collector.
As shown in Figure 5, heat absorption fin 8 of the present utility model is fastened as a whole plate by mother-son groove 7, and it is lower so to make heat-absorbing plate core 1 surface heat migrate, thereby the heat loss of having guaranteed heat collector still less.
1 is provided with 12 gravity assisted heat pipes 6 on the heat-absorbing plate core of the present utility model, has replaced the design of seven runners in the existing flat plate collector, has overcome the problem in low-temperature space gravity assisted heat pipe through-put power deficiency.
Be provided with the insulation layer between frame 3 around the flat plate collector of the present utility model and heat-absorbing plate core 1 and the back, they adopt the polyurethane integral foaming, have stopped heat bridge, reduce heat waste, have improved the heat collector collecting efficiency greatly; The blue titanium plated film of magnetron sputtering is adopted on the surface of heat absorption fin 8, and heat absorption rate reaches 95% ± 2%, and emissivity is lower than 4%, stable performance, and reach 50 years service life; The cover plate 5 of heat collector adopts low iron, woven design, safety glass, and high transmission rate and woven design diffuse reflection make and form greenhouse effects between heat-absorbing plate core and the glass inner chamber that tempering makes intensity higher, not easy damaged.
This practical described gravity assisted heat pipe formula flat-plate solar collector as principle be: sunlight sees through cover plate 5 and shines on the heat-absorbing plate core 1, the fin 8 that absorbs heat this moment begins to absorb heat energy, the working media that heat energy passes in collector 2 by gravity assisted heat pipe 6, the cold working medium that enters from heat collector inlet like this, in collector 2, heated by sun the subject of knowledge and the object of knowledge, temperature raises gradually, and the hot working fluid after the heating flows out from the heat collector outlet, flows in the water storage box stand-by.
With above-mentioned foundation desirable embodiment of the present utility model is enlightenment, and by above-mentioned description, the related work personnel can carry out various change and modification fully in the scope that does not depart from this utility model technological thought.The technical scope of this utility model is not limited to the content on the specification, must determine its technical scope according to the claim scope.

Claims (10)

1. gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector, comprise heat-absorbing plate core (1), collector (2), frame (3), backboard (4) and cover plate (5), the surface of described heat-absorbing plate core (1) is equipped with cover plate (5), the back of described heat-absorbing plate core (1) is connected with backboard (4), fixedly connected between described collector (2) and the heat-absorbing plate core (1), be provided with frame (3) around the described heat collector, it is characterized in that: described heat-absorbing plate core (1) is provided with gravity assisted heat pipe (6) and heat absorption fin (8), described gravity assisted heat pipe (6) links into an integrated entity with heat absorption fin (8), is interconnected to a whole plate between the described heat absorption fin (8).
2. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: adopt welding or expanded joint between described gravity assisted heat pipe (6) and the heat absorption fin (8).
3. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heat-absorbing plate core (1) is provided with 12 gravity assisted heat pipes (6).
4. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the material of described gravity assisted heat pipe (6) is an oxygen-free copper.
5. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: fill in the described gravity assisted heat pipe (6) and be provided with distilled water.
6. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with the insulation layer between frame of described heat collector (3) and back and the heat-absorbing plate core (1).
7. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: adopt mother-son groove (7) to connect between the described heat absorption fin (8).
8. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the blue titanium plated film of magnetron sputtering is adopted on the surface of described heat absorption fin (8).
9. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described cover plate (5) is glass cover-plate or organic cover plate.
10. a kind of gravity assisted heat pipe formula plate solar collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described cover plate (5) face relative with heat absorption fin (8) is concavo-convex woven design shape.
CN2010206492577U 2010-12-08 2010-12-08 Gravity heat pipe type flat-plate solar heat collector Expired - Fee Related CN201903193U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206492577U CN201903193U (en) 2010-12-08 2010-12-08 Gravity heat pipe type flat-plate solar heat collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206492577U CN201903193U (en) 2010-12-08 2010-12-08 Gravity heat pipe type flat-plate solar heat collector

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201903193U true CN201903193U (en) 2011-07-20

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201903193U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102913986A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-02-06 常州市康舒环境科技有限公司 Separate heat pipe wall mounting type flat-plate solar heating device
CN103277918A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-09-04 湖北奥莱佳新能源有限公司 Heat pipe type flat plate collector

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102913986A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-02-06 常州市康舒环境科技有限公司 Separate heat pipe wall mounting type flat-plate solar heating device
CN102913986B (en) * 2012-10-17 2016-07-06 常州海卡太阳能热泵有限公司 Separating heat tube wall hanging type flat plate solar heating device
CN103277918A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-09-04 湖北奥莱佳新能源有限公司 Heat pipe type flat plate collector

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110720

Termination date: 20131208

C17 Cessation of patent right