CN201885733U - Ultra-long-range fully-distributed optical fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor fused with optical fiber Raman frequency shifter - Google Patents

Ultra-long-range fully-distributed optical fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor fused with optical fiber Raman frequency shifter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201885733U
CN201885733U CN2010206343445U CN201020634344U CN201885733U CN 201885733 U CN201885733 U CN 201885733U CN 2010206343445 U CN2010206343445 U CN 2010206343445U CN 201020634344 U CN201020634344 U CN 201020634344U CN 201885733 U CN201885733 U CN 201885733U
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fiber
optical fiber
raman
long
frequency shifter
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张在宣
李晨霞
康娟
王剑锋
金尚忠
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China Jiliang University
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China Jiliang University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an ultra-long-range fully-distributed optical fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor fused with an optical fiber Raman frequency shifter, which is based on the optical fiber Raman frequency shifting principle and the optical fiber Rayleigh and Raman fusion scattering sensing principle, adopts the optical fiber Raman frequency shifter and realizes positioning of a test point by the aid of integrated optical fiber wavelength division multiplexing technology and the optical time-domain reflectometry. The ultra-long-range fully-distributed optical fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor comprises an optical fiber pulse laser device, the optical fiber Raman frequency shifter, an integrated optical fiber wavelength division multiplexer, a sensing optical fiber, a photoelectric receiving module, a digital signal processor and a computer, wherein the optical fiber Raman frequency shifter consists of a single mode fiber and a 1660nm band-pass filter. The sensor is low in cost, long in service life, simple in structure, fine in signal-to-noise ratio and fine in reliability, and is applicable to long-range and ultra-long-range monitor and disaster forecast monitor of petrochemical pipelines, tunnels and large-sized civil engineering within the range from 15 kilometers to 60 kilometers.

Description

A kind of very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor that merges the fiber Raman frequency shifter
Technical field
The utility model relates to the Fibre Optical Sensor field, especially merges the very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh and the Raman scattering sensor of fiber Raman frequency shifter.
Background technology
For a long time, both at home and abroad in the engineering field, large-scale civil construction, bridge, tunnel, pipelines and petrochemical pipelines, storage tank and power cable mainly use electricity foil gauge and temperature-sensitive electricity group as strain and temperature sensor, each sensor all need connect electric wire, form large-scale detection network, structure is very complicated, this class sensor itself is charged, be unsafe in essence, be subject to electromagnetic interference (EMI), not corrosion-resistant, can not locate, be not suitable for using in the rugged surroundings, more be not suitable for the scene of applied geology disaster and fire.
The Fibre Optical Sensor net that development in recent years is got up can be realized large scale civil engineering, power engineering, petrochemical industry, traffic bridge, tunnel, subway station, the forecast and the monitoring of monitoring of safety and Health such as dam, embankment and Mineral Engineering and disaster.Fibre Optical Sensor has two big classes: a class be with the white point sensors " extension " (laying) such as (F-P) of fiber grating (FBG) and optical Fiber Method on optical fiber, the quasi-distributed optical fiber sensor network that adopts the light time field technique to form, the subject matter of quasi-distributed optical fiber sensor network is that the optical fiber between point sensor only is transmission medium, thereby has detection " blind area "; The another kind of intrinsic property that utilizes optical fiber, fiber Rayleigh, Raman and Brillouin scattering effect, the full distribution optical fiber sensor net that adopts light time territory (OTDR) technology to form is measured strain and temperature.Optical fiber in the full distribution optical fiber sensor net be transmission medium be again sensor information, do not exist and detect the blind area.
" fully distributed fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering photon strain, temperature sensor " (Chinese invention patent that Zhang Zaixuan proposes, the patent No.: 200910099463.7, authorized in 2010) provide that a kind of cost is low, simple in structure, signal to noise ratio (S/N ratio) is good, the distributed fiber Rayleigh of good reliability and Raman scattering photon strain, temperature sensor are in being applicable to, the sensing range of short distance 0-15km fully distributed fiber sensing net.But can not satisfy the safety and Health monitoring of petroleum pipe line, transferring electric power cable in recent years fully, to the active demand of long-range, very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh, Raman and Brillouin scattering strain, temperature sensing net.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides that a kind of cost is low, simple in structure, signal to noise ratio (S/N ratio) is good, the very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh and the Raman scattering sensor of the fusion fiber Raman frequency shifter of good reliability.
The very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh of fusion fiber Raman frequency shifter of the present utility model and Raman scattering sensor, the fiber Raman frequency shifter, integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer, sensor fibre, photoelectricity receiver module, digital signal processor and the computing machine that comprise fiber pulse laser, form by single-mode fiber and 1660nm bandpass filter.The input end of single-mode fiber links to each other with fiber pulse laser, the integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer has four ports, wherein the 1660nm input port links to each other with the 1660nm bandpass filter, the COM output port links to each other with sensor fibre, the 1550nm output port links to each other with an input end of photoelectricity receiver module, the 1660nm output port links to each other with another input end of photoelectricity receiver module, two output terminals of photoelectricity receiver module link to each other with two input ports of digital signal processor respectively, and the digital signal processor signal output part connects computing machine.
In the utility model, the centre wavelength of said pulsed laser is 1550nm, and spectral width is 0.1nm, and laser pulse width is 10ns, and peak power is that 1-1kW is adjustable, and repetition frequency is that 500Hz-20KHz is adjustable.
In the utility model, the centre wavelength of the bandpass filter in the said fiber Raman frequency shifter is 1660nm, spectral bandwidth 28nm, and transmitance 98% is to the isolation>45dB of 1550nm laser.Single-mode fiber can adopt 600m, 900m or 1200m single-mode fiber.
In the utility model, said sensor fibre length is 15-60km, can adopt G652 communication unit mode fiber, also can adopt carbon to apply single-mode fiber.
It is a kind of in drawing process that carbon applies single-mode fiber; deposition one deck 35~70nm thick fine and close carbon film on the bare fibre surface, and then apply one deck ultra-violet curing organic coating, fine and close carbon film can strengthen under rugged surroundings the protection to bare fibre greatly; ensure its permanance; sensor fibre is laid on the scene, and this optical fiber is not charged, anti-electromagnetic interference (EMI); radiation hardness; corrosion-resistant, good reliability, optical fiber be transmission medium be again sensor information.Fiber pulse laser sends laser pulse and enters the fiber Raman frequency shifter, the fiber Raman frequency shifter with the frequency shift 13.2THz of the light pulse laser instrument of 1550nm wave band to the 1660nm wave band, as the broadband probe source of fully distributed fiber sensor.Broadband optimal pulse is injected sensor fibre by the integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer, the Rayleigh scattering dorsad that in sensor fibre, produces, Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman diffused light wavelet, through the beam splitting of integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer, have the Rayleigh scattering light dorsad of strain information and have the anti-Stokes Raman scattering photon wavelength-division of temperature information not through the photoelectricity receiver module, convert light signal to analog electrical signal and amplification, obtain the information of strain by the strength ratio of Rayleigh scattering light, provide the strain of each strain sensing point on the sensor fibre, strain variation speed and direction; Strength ratio by anti-Stokes Raman diffused light and Rayleigh scattering light, the influence of deduction strain obtains the temperature information of each section of optical fiber, the temperature of each heat detection point, temperature changing speed and direction, there is not cross effect in the detection of strain and temperature, utilizes optical time domain reflection to the location of the check point on the sensor fibre (optical fibre radar location).Survey by digital signal processor and strain, the demodulation of temperature demodulation software and to strain and temperature and to calibrate, in 60 seconds, obtain each point strain and temperature variation on the 15-60km sensor fibre, temperature measurement accuracy ± 2 ℃, carry out the telecommunication network transmission by computing machine communication interface, communications protocol, when check point on the sensor fibre reaches the strain of setting or temperature alarming setting value, send alerting signal to alarm controller.
Fiber Raman frequency shifter principle:
As incident laser v 0Produce the nonlinear interaction scattering with the optical fiber molecule, emit a phonon and be called the Stokes Raman scattering photon, absorb a phonon and be called anti-Stokes Raman scattering photon Δ v, the phonon frequency of optical fiber molecule is 13.2THz, incident laser v 0, produced frequency displacement.
v=v 0±Δv (1)
Be called the fiber Raman frequency displacement, can be made into the fiber Raman frequency shifter.If incident laser surpasses certain threshold value, the stokes wave v=v in optical fiber 0-Δ v increases in fiber medium fast, the power of most of pump light can convert stokes light to, and Raman amplification arranged, gain can suppress the loss of optical fiber, improve the operating distance of fully distributed fiber strain, temperature sensor, this stimulated Raman scattering phenomenon becomes the principle of work of fiber Raman frequency shifter.
The principle of distributed fiber Rayleigh scattered photon sensor measurement deformation:
Fiber pulse laser sends laser pulse and injects sensor fibre by the integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer, the interaction of laser and optical fiber molecule, produce Rayleigh scattering light with the incident photon same frequency, Rayleigh scattering light transmits in optical fiber deposits loss, the exponential decay with fiber lengths, hold sharp scattered light intensity to represent dorsad with following formula:
I Ray=I 0·v 0 4exp(-2α 0L) (2)
I in the following formula 0For inciding the light intensity at optical fiber place, L is a fiber lengths, I be dorsad Rayleigh scattering light at the light intensity at fiber lengths L place, α 0Fiber transmission attenuation for the incident light wave strong point.
Because optical fiber is laid on the scene of detection with sensor fibre, when site environment produces deformation or crackle, cause the optical fiber at the scene of being laid on to bend, optical fiber produces local loss, forms the added losses Δ α of optical fiber, then total losses α=α 0+ Δ α, the light intensity at local place has one to fall, and light intensity is reduced to I ' (l) by I (l), and the added losses that deformation causes are measured by the change of light intensity.
Δα = 1 2 l log I ( l ) I ′ ( l ) - - - ( 3 )
The relation of deformation or crackle size and fibre loss adopts realistic model to calculate and carries out the simulation test measurement in the laboratory and obtains.
The principle of distributed fiber Raman scattered photon sensor measurement temperature:
When incident laser and optical fiber molecule generation nonlinear interaction scattering, emit a phonon and be called the Stokes Raman scattering photon, absorb a phonon and be called the anti-Stokes Raman scattering photon, the phonon frequency of optical fiber molecule is 13.2THz.Boltzmann (Boltzmann) law is obeyed in population heat distribution on the optical fiber molecular entergy level, and anti-Stokes Raman scattering light intensity dorsad is in optical fiber
I a=I 0·v a 4R a(T)exp[-(α 0a)·L] (4)
It is subjected to the modulation of fiber optic temperature, the temperature modulation function R a
R a(T)=[exp(hΔv/kT)-1] -1 (5)
H is Bo Langke (Planck) constant, and Δ v is the phonon frequency of an optical fiber molecule, is 13.2THz, and k is a Boltzmann constant, and T is Kai Erwen (Kelvin) absolute temperature.
In the utility model, adopt the fiber Rayleigh passage to do reference signal, come detected temperatures with the ratio of anti-Stokes Raman diffused light and auspicious scattered light profit light intensity
I a ( T ) I R ( T ) = ( v a v 0 ) 4 · exp [ ( hΔv / kT ) - 1 ] - 1 · exp [ - ( α a - α 0 ) · L ] - - - ( 6 )
By anti-Stokes Raman diffused light and the auspicious scattered light sharp light strength ratio of fiber Raman optical time domain reflection (OTDR) curve at the optical fiber check point, the influence of deduction strain obtains the temperature information of each section of optical fiber.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh of fusion fiber Raman frequency shifter of the present utility model and Raman scattering sensor, adopt the fiber Raman frequency shifter, exploring laser light is moved on to the 1660nm wave band and obtained amplification, improved the signal to noise ratio (S/N ratio) of sensing system, increased the measurement length of sensor, the reliability and the spatial resolution of sensor have been improved, the deformation at energy measurement scene, crack and temperature and do not intersect mutually in the measure field temperature.Adopt integrated wavelength division multiplexer, reduced cost; On cost performance, be better than distribution type fiber-optic Brillouin temperature, strain transducer.Be laid on the on-the-spot sensor fibre of taking precautions against natural calamities and insulate, uncharged, anti-electromagnetic interference (EMI), radiation hardness, corrosion resistant, be essential safe type, optical fiber be transmission medium be again sensor information, it is the sensor fibre of Intrinsical, and the life-span is long, and that the utility model is applicable to is long-range, the strain of very-long-range 15-60km fully distributed fiber, temperature sensing net, can be used for pipelines and petrochemical pipelines, tunnel, large scale civil engineering monitoring and hazard forecasting monitoring.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 merges the very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh of fiber Raman frequency shifter and the synoptic diagram of Raman scattering sensor.
Embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, merge the very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh and the Raman scattering sensor of fiber Raman frequency shifter, the fiber Raman frequency shifter, integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer 14, sensor fibre 15, photoelectricity receiver module 16, digital signal processor 17 and the computing machine 18 that comprise fiber pulse laser 11, form by single-mode fiber 12 and 1660nm bandpass filter 13.The input end of single-mode fiber 12 links to each other with fiber pulse laser 11, integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer 14 has four ports, wherein the 1660nm input port links to each other with 1660nm bandpass filter 13, the COM output port links to each other with sensor fibre 15, the 1550nm output port links to each other with an input end of photoelectricity receiver module 16, the 1660nm output port links to each other with photoelectricity receiver module 16 another input ends, two output terminals of photoelectricity receiver module 16 link to each other with two input ports of digital signal processor 17 respectively, and digital signal processor 17 signal output parts connect computing machine 18.
Wherein, the centre wavelength of pulsed laser is 1550nm, and spectral width is 0.1nm, and laser pulse width is 10ns, and peak power is that 1-1kW is adjustable, and repetition frequency is that 500Hz-20KHz is adjustable.Be laid on on-the-spot 60km, spatial resolution is 1 meter, has 60,000 check points.Digital signal processor adopts general signal processing card, is inserted in the industrial control computer.
The fiber Raman frequency shifter is made up of 600m single-mode fiber and 1660nm bandpass filter, and bandpass filter centre wavelength is 1660nm, spectral bandwidth 28nm, and transmitance 98% is to the isolation>45dB of 1550nm laser.When 1550nm optical fiber pulse laser passes through the 600m single-mode fiber, the frequency of light pulse produces 13.2THz and moves, obtain centre wavelength at 1660nm, the detecting optical pulses of wide spectrum 28nm, when the fiber Raman frequency shifter with the superpower laser frequency displacement 13.2THz of 1550nm wave band to the 1660nm wave band, as the broadband probe source of fully distributed fiber sensor, if incident laser surpasses certain threshold value, the stokes wave v=v in optical fiber 0-Δ v increases in fiber medium fast, and the power of most of pump light can convert stokes light to, and Raman amplification is arranged, and gain can suppress the loss of optical fiber, improves the operating distance of fully distributed fiber strain, temperature sensor.
Signal processor adopts the 100MHz bandwidth of Hangzhou OE Technology Co., Ltd., the HZOE-SP01 type signal processing card of 250MS/s acquisition rate.The integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer adopts SZMX-WDM-2 type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer.The photoelectricity receiver module adopts HZOE-GDJM-2 type photoelectricity receiver module.

Claims (5)

1. a very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor that merges the fiber Raman frequency shifter, it is characterized in that comprising fiber pulse laser (11), the fiber Raman frequency shifter of forming by single-mode fiber (12) and 1660nm bandpass filter (13), integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer (14), sensor fibre (15), photoelectricity receiver module (16), digital signal processor (17) and computing machine (18), the input end of single-mode fiber (12) links to each other with fiber pulse laser (11), integrated-type optical fibre wavelength division multiplexer (14) has four ports, wherein the 1660nm input port links to each other with 1660nm bandpass filter (13), the COM output port links to each other with sensor fibre (15), the 1550nm output port links to each other with an input end of photoelectricity receiver module (16), the 1660nm output port links to each other with another input end of photoelectricity receiver module (16), two output terminals of photoelectricity receiver module (16) link to each other with two input ports of digital signal processor (17) respectively, and digital signal processor (17) signal output part connects computing machine (18).
2. the very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh of fusion fiber Raman frequency shifter according to claim 1 and Raman scattering sensor, the centre wavelength that it is characterized in that fiber pulse laser (11) is 1550nm, spectral width is 0.1nm, laser pulse width is 10ns, peak power is that 1-1kW is adjustable, and repetition frequency is that 500Hz-20KHz is adjustable.
3. the very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh of fusion fiber Raman frequency shifter according to claim 1 and Raman scattering sensor, the centre wavelength that it is characterized in that bandpass filter (13) is 1660nm, spectral bandwidth 28nm, transmitance 98% is to the isolation>45dB of 1550nm laser.
4. the very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh of fusion fiber Raman frequency shifter according to claim 1 and Raman scattering sensor is characterized in that single-mode fiber (12) is 600m, 900m or 1200m single-mode fiber.
5. the very-long-range fully distributed fiber Rayleigh of fusion fiber Raman frequency shifter according to claim 1 and Raman scattering sensor is characterized in that sensor fibre (15) is G652 communication unit mode fiber or carbon coating single-mode fiber.
CN2010206343445U 2010-11-26 2010-11-26 Ultra-long-range fully-distributed optical fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor fused with optical fiber Raman frequency shifter Expired - Fee Related CN201885733U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102080953A (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-06-01 中国计量学院 Ultra-long-range (ULR) full-distributed optical Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor fused with optical Raman frequency shifter
CN102322811A (en) * 2011-08-10 2012-01-18 中国计量学院 Chaotic laser relevant full-distribution fiber Raman and Rayleigh photon sensor
CN102322809A (en) * 2011-08-09 2012-01-18 中国计量学院 Pulse coding ultra-long-range fully-distributed optical fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor
CN102589459A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-18 中国计量学院 Fully-distributed optical fiber sensor in combination of optical fiber Raman frequency shifter and Raman amplifier
CN102587892A (en) * 2012-02-18 2012-07-18 大连理工大学 Method for simultaneously measuring distribution temperatures and fixed point pressures by single optical fiber
WO2013020286A1 (en) * 2011-08-10 2013-02-14 中国计量学院 Chaotic laser-related fully distributed optical fiber raman and rayleigh photon sensor
WO2013123656A1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2013-08-29 中国计量学院 Fully distributed optical fiber sensor for optical fiber raman frequency shifter of fused raman amplification effect
CN109951803A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-06-28 广东聚源管业实业有限公司 A kind of underground piping condition display method and device based on the big data network platform
CN113167980A (en) * 2018-11-27 2021-07-23 深圳市大耳马科技有限公司 Optical fiber sensor and light intensity loss value calculation and analysis method and device thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102080953A (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-06-01 中国计量学院 Ultra-long-range (ULR) full-distributed optical Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor fused with optical Raman frequency shifter
CN102322809A (en) * 2011-08-09 2012-01-18 中国计量学院 Pulse coding ultra-long-range fully-distributed optical fiber Rayleigh and Raman scattering sensor
CN102322811A (en) * 2011-08-10 2012-01-18 中国计量学院 Chaotic laser relevant full-distribution fiber Raman and Rayleigh photon sensor
WO2013020286A1 (en) * 2011-08-10 2013-02-14 中国计量学院 Chaotic laser-related fully distributed optical fiber raman and rayleigh photon sensor
CN102587892A (en) * 2012-02-18 2012-07-18 大连理工大学 Method for simultaneously measuring distribution temperatures and fixed point pressures by single optical fiber
CN102589459A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-18 中国计量学院 Fully-distributed optical fiber sensor in combination of optical fiber Raman frequency shifter and Raman amplifier
WO2013123656A1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2013-08-29 中国计量学院 Fully distributed optical fiber sensor for optical fiber raman frequency shifter of fused raman amplification effect
WO2013123655A1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2013-08-29 中国计量学院 Fused optical fiber raman frequency shifter and fully distributed optical fiber sensor for raman amplifier
CN113167980A (en) * 2018-11-27 2021-07-23 深圳市大耳马科技有限公司 Optical fiber sensor and light intensity loss value calculation and analysis method and device thereof
CN109951803A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-06-28 广东聚源管业实业有限公司 A kind of underground piping condition display method and device based on the big data network platform

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