CN201757515U - Solar energy air heat exchanger - Google Patents

Solar energy air heat exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201757515U
CN201757515U CN2010201103318U CN201020110331U CN201757515U CN 201757515 U CN201757515 U CN 201757515U CN 2010201103318 U CN2010201103318 U CN 2010201103318U CN 201020110331 U CN201020110331 U CN 201020110331U CN 201757515 U CN201757515 U CN 201757515U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
intake passage
air intake
heat exchanger
air
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010201103318U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐贤胜
Original Assignee
徐贤胜
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 徐贤胜 filed Critical 徐贤胜
Priority to CN2010201103318U priority Critical patent/CN201757515U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201757515U publication Critical patent/CN201757515U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar energy air heat exchanger comprising a housing (1), a heat collection plate (2), and a transparent cover plate (9). The housing (1) is a flat casing, and has an opening on the flat side of the casing. The heat collection plate (2) is fixedly connected with the housing bottom surface (11), which is disposed oppositely to the opening, and has a gap with the housing bottom surface (11). The transparent cover plate (9) can be used to seal the opening. The housing (1) is provided with an indoor air intake channel (4) and a outdoor air intake channel (3), which are respectively provided with a fan (6). An air-out channel (5) is disposed on the housing (1) and communicated with the indoor. The utility model can be used to reduce the heating energy consumption in the north area, and update the indoor air without reducing the indoor temperature.

Description

A kind of solar air heat exchanger
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of heat-exchanger rig, specifically a kind of solar air heat exchanger.
Background technology
In today of global energy situation anxiety, climate warming serious threat economic development and people's life health, new energy substitution strategy is all being sought in countries in the world, obtain superiority in the hope of sustainable development with in development in the future, solar energy with its cleaning, continually, safety etc. significant advantage, become focal point.
In the prior art, Chinese patent literature CN2129904Y discloses a kind of solar air heater, comprise shell, heat insulation layer, absorber, glass, inlet and outlet, described inlet and outlet is a rectangle, described air inlet sucks cold air, cold air enters in the casing and carries out heat exchange with described absorber, then from described air outlet output hot blast.
In the above-mentioned prior art, solar air heater has only two mouths, i.e. an air inlet and an air outlet, the inlet and outlet of general air heater is in case make no longer mobile after the fixed installation, therefore, the inlet and outlet in the prior art can only carry out the exchange of indoor and room air or indoor and outdoor air exchange.At southern area, winter, outdoor temperature at this moment, need be communicated with air inlet than indoor height with outdoor the sunshine abundance time, introduced the needs that outdoor air and heating can be satisfied ventilation and heat.At northern area, the solar air heater heating-up time is long, even also very low in sunny period outdoor temperature, if only carry out indoor and exchange outdoor air, the heating DeGrain, temperature rises very slow; If but only carry out indoor and exchange room air, promptly suck room air and the room air that sucks heated after discharge hot-air by air outlet again and promote indoor temperature, under the constant situation of room air total amount, two vaporized carbons raise, and oxygen constantly is consumed, though the indoor temperature height, but air quality but worse and worse, at this moment, if want to upgrade the air ventilation of can only windowing, the cold air of that outside can reduce indoor suitable temperature rapidly.
The utility model content
For this reason, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is that solar air heater of the prior art has only an air inlet and an air outlet, can only carry out indoor and indoor or indoor and outdoor air heat exchange, can not satisfy northern area can upgrade air at any time and can guarantee that again indoor air temperature does not descend, and then a kind of minimizing northern area heating energy consumption is provided, at the solar air heater that guarantees can upgrade at any time when indoor air temperature does not descend room air.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, a kind of solar air heat exchanger of the present utility model comprises
Housing, described housing are flat casing, are provided with opening in a flat sides of described casing.
The thermal-arrest plate, it is fixedly connected and gapped with described housing bottom surface to be arranged on the housing bottom surface relative with described opening; With
Transparent cover plate, described transparent cover plate seals described opening.
Described housing is provided with indoor air intake passage and the outer outdoor air intake passage of communication chamber in the communication chamber, is respectively equipped with blower fan in described indoor air intake passage and the outdoor air intake passage; The air-out passage is arranged on the described housing and with indoor and is communicated with.
Also comprise change-over switch, described change-over switch is controlled described blower fan rotation or is stopped to select to be communicated with described indoor air intake passage or outdoor air intake passage.
Described air-out passage and described indoor air intake passage are arranged on the described housing bottom surface, and described outdoor air intake passage is arranged on the housing downside.
Bottom when the top when described air-out passage is arranged at described housing user mode, described indoor air intake passage are arranged at described housing user mode.
Establish the non-return device that can only air inlet can not give vent to anger in described indoor air intake passage and the outdoor air intake passage respectively.
Described non-return device is located at described blower fan downstream one side.
Described non-return device is a blinds.
Described solar air heat exchanger also comprises the photovoltaic electroplax.
Technique scheme of the present utility model has the following advantages compared to existing technology.
1) in the utility model solar air heat exchanger, described housing is provided with indoor air intake passage and the outer outdoor air intake passage of communication chamber in the communication chamber, is respectively equipped with blower fan in described indoor air intake passage and the outdoor air intake passage; The air-out passage is arranged on the described housing and with indoor and is communicated with, by blower fan indoor cold air or outdoor fresh air are sucked the solar air heat exchanger, cold air or fresh air are heated, guarantee that indoor air temperature can upgrade the solar air heater of room air at any time when not descending.
2) the utility model solar air heat exchanger comprises that also the described blower fan of control rotates or stop to select to be communicated with the change-over switch of described indoor air intake passage or outdoor air intake passage, and can select as the case may be is indoor heating or outdoor ventilation.
3) in the utility model solar air heat exchanger, described air-out passage is arranged on the housing bottom surface relative with described opening with described indoor air intake passage, described outdoor air intake passage is arranged on the housing downside, air intake passage and the through hole on air-out passage and the body of wall of being located at the housing bottom surface during use are communicated with, air intake passage and air-out passage the path of process the shortest, be arranged on the housing downside with the outdoor described air intake passage that is communicated with, its air intake passage with outdoor be communicated with the path of process the shortest, when meeting with rainy day or when blowing, avoid rainwater or dust to be blown into outdoor air intake passage.
4) in the utility model solar air heat exchanger, top when described air-out passage is arranged at described housing user mode, bottom when described indoor air intake passage is arranged at described housing user mode, therefore cold air enters from the indoor air intake passage or the outdoor air intake passage of lower, be heated into hot-air through the solar air heat exchanger and take advantage of a situation to come-up and enter in air-out passage and then the inlet chamber, structure is simpler.
5) in the utility model solar air heat exchanger, be provided with the non-return device that can only air inlet can not give vent to anger in the described air intake passage, described non-return device is located at described blower fan upstream one side, the preferred described non-return device of the utility model is a blinds, can prevent from not flow out outside the housing from self or adjacent air intake passage through the air that heats.
6) described blower fan is electrically connected with the photovoltaic electroplax that is used to drive described blower fan, and the institute of whole solar air heat exchanger is dynamic be sunshine, and zero pollutes, zero power consumption, i.e. environmental protection power saving again.
Description of drawings
For the easier quilt of content of the present utility model is clearly understood, according to specific embodiment of the utility model also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the utility model is described in further detail, wherein below
Fig. 1 is a solar air heat exchanger front view described in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is a solar air heat exchanger rearview described in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is a solar air heat exchanger upward view described in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is a solar air heat exchanger A-A cutaway view described in the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the described solar air heat exchanger A-A cutaway view of the utility model band non-return device.
Fig. 6 is the described solar air heat exchanger front view of the utility model band photovoltaic electroplax.
Reference numeral is expressed as among the figure: 1-housing, 11-housing bottom surface, 12-housing downside, 13-housing upper side, 2-thermal-arrest plate, the outdoor air intake passage of 3-, the indoor air intake passage of 4-, 5-air-out passage, 6-blower fan, 7-non-return device, 8-photovoltaic electroplax, 9-transparent cover plate.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is a solar air heat exchanger described in the utility model, comprises
Housing 1, described housing 1 is flat casing, is provided with opening in a flat sides of described casing.
Thermal-arrest plate 2, it is fixedly connected and gapped with described housing bottom surface 11 to be arranged on the housing bottom surface relative with described opening 11; With
Transparent cover plate 9, the described opening of described transparent cover plate 9 sealings.
Described housing 1 is provided with indoor air intake passage 4 and the outer outdoor air intake passage 3 of communication chamber in the communication chamber, is respectively equipped with blower fan 6 in described indoor air intake passage 4 and the outdoor air intake passage 3; Air-out passage 5 be arranged on the described housing 1 and with indoor the connection (seeing shown in Figure 4).
The passage 5 of air-out described in the present embodiment is arranged on the housing bottom surface 11 relative with described opening with described indoor air intake passage 4, and described outdoor air intake passage 3 is arranged on the housing downside 12 (to be seen shown in Figure 2).
Bottom (seeing shown in Figure 2) when the top when described air-out passage 5 is arranged at described housing 1 user mode, described indoor air intake passage 4 are arranged at described housing 1 user mode.
Described solar air heat exchanger hangs on the wall when using, transparent cover plate 9 is towards outdoor absorption sunshine during use, air-out passage 5 and indoor air intake passage 4 are communicated with indoor by the through hole on the wall, the most subaerial side is a housing downside 12, and outdoor air intake passage 3 is communicated with outdoor towards ground.Open blower fan 6 master switch, two blower fans 6 are worked simultaneously, outdoor fresh air and indoor cold air are all sucked in the solar air heat exchanger, by with thermal-arrest plate 2 heat exchange rising air themperatures after in air-out passage 5 inlet chambers, thereby in the renewal that guarantees to finish when indoor air temperature does not descend room air.
Further, the utility model is on the basis of the foregoing description, and present embodiment is respectively equipped with the non-return device 7 that can only air inlet can not give vent to anger in described indoor air intake passage 4 and outdoor air intake passage 3; Wherein, described non-return device 7 is a blinds, and described non-return device 7 is located at described blower fan 6 downstreams, one sides (seeing shown in Figure 5).
The utility model is on the basis of the foregoing description, present embodiment comprises that also the described blower fan 6 of control rotates or stop to select to be communicated with the change-over switch of described indoor air intake passage 4 or outdoor air intake passage 3, described change-over switch divides third gear, one grade is air intake passage 4 in the communication chamber, second gear is a communication chamber external air inlet passage 3, third gear is air intake passage 4 and an outdoor air intake passage 3 in the while communication chamber, can use change-over switch to carry out the conversion of passage according to actual needs.
As disposable embodiment, described air-out passage 5 also can be arranged at housing upper side 13 on, described indoor air intake passage 4 is arranged on the housing downside 12, described outdoor air intake passage 3 is arranged on the housing bottom surface 11.
As disposable embodiment, the middle part when described air-out passage 5 and described indoor air intake passage 4 all are arranged at described housing 1 user mode.
As disposable embodiment, described non-return device 7 also can be located at described blower fan 6 upstreams one side, described non-return device 7 is the plate of described indoor air intake passage 4 of sealing and outdoor air intake passage 3, be provided with thrust spring between described plate and the described blower fan 6, described indoor air intake passage 4 and outdoor air intake passage 3 outer narrow inner widths, when blower fan 6 rotates, inside and outside differential pressure is less than when setting value, seal narrow limit one side direction broadside one side shifting of the plate of described indoor air intake passage 4 and outdoor air intake passage 3, thereby open the indoor air intake passage 4 and the outdoor air intake passage 3 of sealing originally from passage.
Further, the utility model also comprises photovoltaic electroplax 8 on the basis of the foregoing description, and described photovoltaic electroplax 8 is used for providing power (seeing shown in Figure 6) to described blower fan 6.
The utility model is the location definition when using state all.
Obviously, the foregoing description only is for example clearly is described, and is not the qualification to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here need not also can't give exhaustive to all embodiments.And conspicuous variation of being extended out thus or change still are among the protection domain of the utility model creation.

Claims (10)

1. a solar air heat exchanger comprises
Housing (1), described housing (1) is flat casing, is provided with opening in a flat sides of described casing; Thermal-arrest plate (2), it is fixedly connected and gapped with described housing bottom surface (11) to be arranged on the housing bottom surface (11) relative with described opening; And transparent cover plate (9), described transparent cover plate (9) seals described opening, it is characterized in that, described housing (1) is provided with indoor air intake passage (4) and the outer outdoor air intake passage (3) of communication chamber in the communication chamber, is respectively equipped with blower fan (6) in described indoor air intake passage (4) and the outdoor air intake passage (3); Air-out passage (5) is arranged at described housing (1) and upward and with indoor is communicated with.
2. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises change-over switch, and described change-over switch is controlled described blower fan (6) and rotated or stop to select being communicated with described indoor air intake passage (4) or outdoor air intake passage (3).
3. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described air-out passage (5) and described indoor air intake passage (4) are arranged on the described housing bottom surface (11), and described outdoor air intake passage (3) is arranged on the housing downside (12).
4. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 3 is characterized in that, the top when described air-out passage (5) is arranged at described housing (1) user mode, the bottom when described indoor air intake passage (4) is arranged at described housing (1) user mode.
5. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 4 is characterized in that, establishes the non-return device (7) that can only air inlet can not give vent to anger in described indoor air intake passage (4) and the outdoor air intake passage (3) respectively.
6. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described non-return device (7) is located at described blower fan (6) downstream one side.
7. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described non-return device (7) is a blinds.
8. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described non-return device (7) is a blinds.
9. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 7 is characterized in that, also comprises photovoltaic electroplax (8).
10. solar air heat exchanger according to claim 8 is characterized in that, also comprises photovoltaic electroplax (8).
CN2010201103318U 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Solar energy air heat exchanger Expired - Fee Related CN201757515U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201103318U CN201757515U (en) 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Solar energy air heat exchanger

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010201103318U CN201757515U (en) 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Solar energy air heat exchanger

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201757515U true CN201757515U (en) 2011-03-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010201103318U Expired - Fee Related CN201757515U (en) 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Solar energy air heat exchanger

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201757515U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103090485A (en) * 2011-06-25 2013-05-08 荣国华 Air conditioning system for restaurant
CN105627590A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-06-01 广东五星太阳能股份有限公司 Heating-ventilating dual-purpose solar air collector
CN107166750A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-09-15 华北电力大学 A kind of two grades of heating volume formula solar air receivers

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103090485A (en) * 2011-06-25 2013-05-08 荣国华 Air conditioning system for restaurant
CN103090485B (en) * 2011-06-25 2015-07-22 荣国华 Air conditioning system for restaurant
CN105627590A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-06-01 广东五星太阳能股份有限公司 Heating-ventilating dual-purpose solar air collector
CN107166750A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-09-15 华北电力大学 A kind of two grades of heating volume formula solar air receivers
CN107166750B (en) * 2017-05-09 2019-05-31 华北电力大学 A kind of second level heating volume formula solar air receiver

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110309

Termination date: 20130209