CN201695580U - Inverted roof structure - Google Patents

Inverted roof structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201695580U
CN201695580U CN 201020232823 CN201020232823U CN201695580U CN 201695580 U CN201695580 U CN 201695580U CN 201020232823 CN201020232823 CN 201020232823 CN 201020232823 U CN201020232823 U CN 201020232823U CN 201695580 U CN201695580 U CN 201695580U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
roof
reinforced concrete
thickness
inverted
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201020232823
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翟雷
安凤杰
杨凯明
张辉
张静涛
张福强
王彦飞
栾天
马花
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China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201020232823 priority Critical patent/CN201695580U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201695580U publication Critical patent/CN201695580U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an inverted roof structure which comprises a reinforced concrete roof plate, a protruding roof structure and a roof fine component position. A gutter inlet is arranged on the reinforced concrete roof plate. The inverted roof structure is characterized in that: a sloping layer is poured on the reinforced concrete roof plate, a leveling layer is poured on the sloping layer, a waterproof layer is laid on the top surface of the leveling layer, a heat-preservation layer is arranged on the waterproof layer, a heat-preservation reinforcing layer is laid on the upper surface of the heat-preservation layer, and a cobble protection layer is laid on the heat-preservation reinforcing layer. A layer saves an air isolation layer, and an air exhaust hole does not to be arranged on the roof. The inverted roof structure has good functions of water proofing, heat preservation and heat isolation. Compared with the traditional roof structure, the inverted roof structure has the following characteristics: the air isolation layer is saved, and the air exhaust hole does not need to be arranged on the roof; the appearance is beautiful, the construction is convenient, the construction period is shortened, labor is saved, and the construction cost is reduced; in addition, the requirement of the roof structure for the construction quality can be met, and the engineering quality can be ensured.

Description

The inverted roof structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of inverted roof structure.
Background technology
Its insulation layer of traditional prepared roofing be arranged on waterproofing course above, and vapour barrier is set on leveling layer, steam vent is set on roofing heat-insulating layer, this way makes waterproofing course directly contact atmosphere, through solar radiation, difference variation, waterproofing course are easy to produce stretcher strain, thereby reduce the life-span of waterproofing course.And steam vent that engineering quantity is set is big, construction is complicated, and influences good looking appearance and roofing utilization.The roofing form that the utility model provides has solved above-mentioned drawback.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of inverted roof structure, solve traditional prepared roofing waterproofing course and directly contact atmosphere, and the life-span is disconnected, and vapour barrier and steam vent need be set, and engineering quantity is big, influences technical problems such as roofing utilization.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of inverted roof structure; comprise reinforced concrete roof board, outstanding roof structure and roofing detail structure structure; have inlet for stom water on the reinforced concrete roof board; build sloping layer on the reinforced concrete roof board, on sloping layer, built leveling layer; the leveling layer end face is equipped with waterproofing course; insulation layer is set on the waterproofing course, lays the insulation enhancement Layer above the insulation layer, be equipped with the cobble topping on the insulation enhancement Layer.
The leveling layer end face of described roofing detail structure structure is provided with extra play.
Described extra play is the synthetic polymeric waterproofing material of one deck width 〉=300mm.
The leveling layer of the junction of reinforced concrete roof board and outstanding roof structure and the corner of reinforced concrete roof board is a circular arc, and arc radius is 20mm.
The material of described sloping layer is dry mixing ground mortar in inlet for stom water 1m scope, be the cement, flyash haydites of book structure outside inlet for stom water 1m scope; The material of described leveling layer is a cement mortar; Described waterproofing course is two-layer Ethylene Propylene Terpolymer polymer membranes, and described insulation layer is an extruded polystyrene board, and described insulation enhancement Layer is galvanized steel expanded metals and alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth.
The described sloping layer gradient is 2%, and thickness is 0~20mm in the inlet for stom water 1m scope, and the outer thinnest part thickness of inlet for stom water 1m scope is 20mm; Described waterproofing course lower thickness is 1.2mm, and upper thickness is 1.5 mm; Described insulation layer thickness is 60mm; Described galvanized steel expanded metals thickness is 1mm, and described alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth is one deck; Described cobble protective layer thickness is 60mm.
The cobble diameter of described cobble topping is 15~20mm.
Compared with prior art the utlity model has following characteristics and beneficial effect:
At first, the utility model is compared with traditional prepared roofing structure, insulation layer be not provided in a side of coil waterproof layer below, and be provided in a side of coil waterproof layer above, this roofing way makes waterproofing course directly not contact atmosphere, avoided the irradiation of sunlight, ultraviolet ray etc., has reduced the influence to waterproofing course of high temperature, low temperature, reduce difference variation simultaneously and made waterproofing course produce stretcher strain, thereby prolonged the life-span of waterproofing course.
Secondly, the utility model is compared with traditional roof structure, saved vapour barrier and on roofing, steam vent need not be set, good looking appearance, easy construction, shorten the construction period, saved the labour, reduced construction cost, also can satisfy requirement, the assurance workmanship of roof structure construction quality.
Moreover the utility model is compared with traditional roof structure, because the setting of cobble topping and insulation enhancement Layer, this inverted roof has better waterproof, insulation, heat insulating function.
The utility model has overcome traditional prepared roofing waterproofing course and has directly contacted atmosphere, and the life-span is disconnected, and vapour barrier and steam vent need be set, and engineering quantity is big, influences the shortcoming of roofing utilization etc., realizes better waterproof, insulation, heat insulating function.
The utility model can be widely used in reinforced concrete roof.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Reference numeral: 1-reinforced concrete roof board, 2-sloping layer, 3-leveling layer, 4-waterproofing course, 5-insulation layer, 6-insulation enhancement Layer, 7-cobble topping.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment is referring to shown in Figure 1; a kind of inverted roof structure; comprise reinforced concrete roof board 1, outstanding roof structure and roofing detail structure structure; have inlet for stom water on the reinforced concrete roof board 1; built sloping layer 2 on reinforced concrete roof board 1, built leveling layer 3 on sloping layer, leveling layer 3 end faces are equipped with waterproofing course 4, and insulation layer 5 is set on the waterproofing course 4; lay insulation enhancement Layer 6 above the insulation layer 5, be equipped with cobble topping 7 on the insulation enhancement Layer 6.Leveling layer 3 end faces of described roofing detail structure structure are provided with extra play.Described extra play is the synthetic polymeric waterproofing material of one deck width 〉=300mm.The leveling layer 3 of the junction of reinforced concrete roof board 1 and outstanding roof structure and the corner of reinforced concrete roof board 1 is a circular arc, and arc radius is 20mm.Described sloping layer 2 materials are dry mixing ground mortar in inlet for stom water 1m scope, be the cement, flyash haydites of book structure outside inlet for stom water 1m scope; Described leveling layer 3 materials are cement mortar; Described waterproofing course 4 is two-layer Ethylene Propylene Terpolymer polymer membranes, and described insulation layer 5 is an extruded polystyrene board, and described insulation enhancement Layer 6 is galvanized steel expanded metals and alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth.Described sloping layer 2 gradients are 2%, and thickness is 0~20mm in the inlet for stom water 1m scope, and the outer thinnest part thickness of inlet for stom water 1m scope is 20mm; Described waterproofing course 4 lower thickness are 1.2mm, and upper thickness is 1.5 mm; Described insulation layer 5 thickness are 60mm; Described galvanized steel expanded metals thickness is 1mm, and described alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth is one deck; Described cobble topping 7 thickness are 60mm.The cobble diameter of described cobble topping 7 is 15~20mm.
The course of work of the present utility model:
Its working procedure is as follows: build sloping layer 2 on 1 of reinforced concrete roof board; on sloping layer 2, carry out 3 construction of cement mortar screeding layer; the cement mortar screeding layer 3 upper berth water layer 4 of setting up defences; on waterproofing course 4, do insulation layer 5; lay insulation enhancement Layer 6 above the insulation layer 5, on insulation enhancement Layer 6, lay cobble topping 7 at last.
The construction technology process of sloping layer 2: all around snap the line look for slope → base treatment → stir → do absolute altitude pier look for slope → laying haydites of book structure → roll extrusion closely knit → clap limit finishing → maintenance.During sloping layer 2 constructions, according to designing requirement, smear the thick DS(of 0~20mm near the inlet for stom water in the 1m scope and annotate: DS is the code name of dry mixing ground mortar) look for slope 2%, thinnest part 20mm solid cement flyash, shale haydite is looked for 2% slope beyond the 1m.Simultaneously, on protruding the body of wall, pipeline of roofing, parapet and other eject horizontal absolute altitude line and control line on the sloping layer.Require every 6m to establish the lattice seam one during construction, stitch wide 20mm, pointing polyphenyl plate in the seam.Earlier carry out branch storehouse formwork before the construction, do ash cake backguy floating screed according to the Drainage Design gradient, aspect, ash cake spacing 2.0m, floating screed spacing 2m with the thick polyphenyl plate of 20mm.Fill in barn by quincunx staggering again, guarantee that the corner is neat.
Leveling layer 3 construction technology processes: base cleaning → pipe root shutoff → absolute altitude gradient snap the line → watering is moistening → construction leveling layer → compacting maintenance → examination.During leveling layer 3 construction, after sloping layer 2 base treatment were clean, before large tracts of land was done leveling layer 3 constructions, the privileged sites such as pipe root, deformation joint that will go out roofing were earlier handled well.The junction of reinforced concrete roof board 1 and outstanding roof structure (as parapet, deformation joint, wind-tunnel etc.) etc. and the corner of reinforced concrete roof board 1, it is in the arc-shaped that these position leveling layers should be done, arc radius 20mm.The water of internal drainage falls around the mouth, and leveling layer is made lower slightly pit.Large tracts of land is plastered at the middle sanding slurry of two muscle, shakeouts with trowel, wipes off according to both sides floating screed absolute altitude with darby then, uses the wood float levelling again, checks planeness with yoke at last.Plasterer's trowel is pressed second time, the 3rd time.But leveling layer is floating, the later 24h water seasoning of compacting, and the general maintenance phase is 7d, lays waterproofing course 4 after drying.
Waterproofing course 4 construction technology processes: base cleaning → brushing base treatment agent → extra play construction → coiled material and substrate surface gluing → first floor installation of membrane → coiled material is received head bonding → coiled material joint sealing → second layer installation of membrane → coiled material receipts head bonding → coiled material joint sealing → retaining and is tested → do insulation layer.Before waterproofing course 4 paves, at first that leveling layer 3 base cleanings are clean, and at basic unit's brushing coating polyurethane primer.Simultaneously, must do extra play (paving one deck synthetic polymeric waterproofing material, width is not less than 300mm) earlier in roofing detail structure structure (as gutter, eaves gutter, negative and positive angle, pipe root, Shui Luokou, deformation joint etc.).The laggard capable installation of membrane of this drying of matrix that coiled material and basic unit have been coated with: the parallel ridge of coiled material is from up paving of cornice, two-way flowing water gradient coiled material overlap joint acts in accordance with current direction, the lap width of long limit and termination, completely sticking method is 80mm, and the termination meets the stubble 250mm that will stagger.Coiled material should be from the descending of the flowing water gradient, press the coiled material specification and eject the reference line paving, and the length that makes coiled material is to vertical with the flowing water aspect.Note the joint at place, coiled material preparation should minimizing negative and positive angle.The coiled material that the paving plane is connected with facade should carry out from bottom to top, makes coiled material be close to the negative and positive angle, when sprawling to coiled material can not draw tension, and phenomenons such as fold, hollowing must not be arranged.The big face coiled material of lamination paving, the seam of the overlapping the slot of levels coiled material and adjacent two width of cloth coiled materials 1/3~1/2 of the fabric width that should stagger, minor face should stagger and be not less than 500mm.Notice that coiled material is terminal receives the head bonding firmly in order to make, prevent that alice and infiltration from leaking, use polyurethane sealant tight-closed after, brushing one deck polyurethane film-coated water-proof material again.Behind the construction of waterproof layer,, confirm that way adheres to specification, should do retaining test (carrying out behind the rain or behind the lasting trickle 2h), confirm non-leakage water through subsurface work acceptance, can the construction heat-insulating layer.
Insulation layer 5 construction technologies: press design grade and current direction, find out the roof pitch trend, determine the thickness range of insulation layer.The pipe root of wearing structure is before the insulation layer construction, and it is stifled closely knit to use the pea gravel concreten plug.Dried bed board block insulation layer: the two adjacent edges of boards thickness in surface should be consistent.
Cobble topping 7 construction technologies: adopt cobble diameter 15 ~ 20mm, before bury the shop, lay insulation enhancement Layer 6 earlier, repave and bury cobble, and will note the unimpeded of inlet for stom water.Warming plate was not swept and guaranteed that insulation layer does not float when the quality of pressure glove should guarantee maximum wind power under the ponding state.

Claims (7)

1. inverted roof structure; comprise reinforced concrete roof board (1), outstanding roof structure and roofing detail structure structure; reinforced concrete roof board has inlet for stom water on (1); it is characterized in that: on reinforced concrete roof board (1), built sloping layer (2), on sloping layer, built leveling layer (3); leveling layer (3) end face is equipped with waterproofing course (4); insulation layer (5) is set on the waterproofing course (4); lay insulation enhancement Layer (6) above the insulation layer (5), be equipped with cobble topping (7) on the insulation enhancement Layer (6).
2. inverted roof structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: leveling layer (3) end face of described roofing detail structure structure is provided with extra play.
3. inverted roof structure according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described extra play is the synthetic polymeric waterproofing material of one deck width 〉=300mm.
4. inverted roof structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the leveling layer (3) of the junction of reinforced concrete roof board (1) and outstanding roof structure and the corner of reinforced concrete roof board (1) is circular arc, and arc radius is 20mm.
5. inverted roof structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described sloping layer (2) material is dry mixing ground mortar in inlet for stom water 1m scope, be the cement, flyash haydites of book structure outside inlet for stom water 1m scope; Described leveling layer (3) material is a cement mortar; Described waterproofing course (4) is two-layer Ethylene Propylene Terpolymer polymer membranes, and described insulation layer (5) is an extruded polystyrene board, and described insulation enhancement Layer (6) is galvanized steel expanded metals and alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth.
6. inverted roof structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described sloping layer (2) gradient is 2%, and thickness is 0~20mm in the inlet for stom water 1m scope, and the outer thinnest part thickness of inlet for stom water 1m scope is 20mm; Described waterproofing course (4) lower thickness is 1.2mm, and upper thickness is 1.5 mm; Described insulation layer (5) thickness is 60mm; Described galvanized steel expanded metals thickness is 1mm, and described alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth is one deck; Described cobble topping (7) thickness is 60mm.
7. inverted roof structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the cobble diameter of described cobble topping (7) is 15~20mm.
CN 201020232823 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Inverted roof structure Expired - Fee Related CN201695580U (en)

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CN 201020232823 CN201695580U (en) 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Inverted roof structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201020232823 CN201695580U (en) 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Inverted roof structure

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102900204A (en) * 2012-09-05 2013-01-30 东莞市彩丽建筑维护技术有限公司 Construction method of permeable roof system and permeable roof system as well as special construction member
CN103184784A (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-03 五冶集团上海有限公司 Method for paving roof asphalt felt tiles
CN103276858A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-09-04 天津天一建设集团有限公司 Drainage structure for inverted roof and construction method of drainage structure
CN105544876A (en) * 2015-08-21 2016-05-04 中建四局第一建筑工程有限公司 Roofing structure sloping and waterproof integrated construction method
CN106128281A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-11-16 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Prepared roofing tectonic model and manufacture method
CN107574981A (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-01-12 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of inverted roof parapet flashing construction method
CN108442617A (en) * 2017-02-16 2018-08-24 五冶集团上海有限公司 A kind of ceramic tile fixing means
CN108951875A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-07 宿迁学院 A kind of construction method of inverted roof
CN110924600A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-03-27 韶关市第一建筑工程有限公司 Polyurethane hard foam roof waterproof and heat-insulating process
CN111927008A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-11-13 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Construction method of roof playground
CN111962775A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-20 安增麦 Integrated leakage-free construction scheme for roof and roof heat-preservation slope

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103184784A (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-03 五冶集团上海有限公司 Method for paving roof asphalt felt tiles
CN102900204B (en) * 2012-09-05 2014-10-22 东莞市彩丽建筑维护技术有限公司 Construction method of permeable roof system and permeable roof system as well as special construction member
CN102900204A (en) * 2012-09-05 2013-01-30 东莞市彩丽建筑维护技术有限公司 Construction method of permeable roof system and permeable roof system as well as special construction member
CN103276858A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-09-04 天津天一建设集团有限公司 Drainage structure for inverted roof and construction method of drainage structure
CN103276858B (en) * 2013-06-13 2015-07-08 天津天一建设集团有限公司 Drainage structure for inverted roof and construction method of drainage structure
CN105544876A (en) * 2015-08-21 2016-05-04 中建四局第一建筑工程有限公司 Roofing structure sloping and waterproof integrated construction method
CN106128281A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-11-16 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Prepared roofing tectonic model and manufacture method
CN108442617A (en) * 2017-02-16 2018-08-24 五冶集团上海有限公司 A kind of ceramic tile fixing means
CN107574981A (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-01-12 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of inverted roof parapet flashing construction method
CN108951875A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-07 宿迁学院 A kind of construction method of inverted roof
CN110924600A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-03-27 韶关市第一建筑工程有限公司 Polyurethane hard foam roof waterproof and heat-insulating process
CN110924600B (en) * 2019-12-02 2021-07-02 韶关市第一建筑工程有限公司 Polyurethane hard foam roof waterproof and heat-insulating process
CN111927008A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-11-13 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Construction method of roof playground
CN111962775A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-20 安增麦 Integrated leakage-free construction scheme for roof and roof heat-preservation slope

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110105

Termination date: 20130622

C17 Cessation of patent right