CN201646285U - Electric or solar highway and railway dual-purpose car and line thereof - Google Patents

Electric or solar highway and railway dual-purpose car and line thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201646285U
CN201646285U CN2010201759581U CN201020175958U CN201646285U CN 201646285 U CN201646285 U CN 201646285U CN 2010201759581 U CN2010201759581 U CN 2010201759581U CN 201020175958 U CN201020175958 U CN 201020175958U CN 201646285 U CN201646285 U CN 201646285U
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China
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rail
steel wheel
automobile
highway
vehicle
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CN2010201759581U
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Chinese (zh)
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李孝龙
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HEFEI BOPU NEW TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Hefei Bopu High Tech Co Ltd
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HEFEI BOPU NEW TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN201020126051 priority
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Priority to CN2010201759581U priority patent/CN201646285U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

The utility model relates to an electric or solar highway and railway dual-purpose car and a line thereof, which is composed of a highway and railway dual-purpose car and a railway track with a supply rail, wherein the highway and railway dual-purpose car is driven by a motor and is provided with a current collector, steel wheels and a solar battery. The utility model is characterized in that the car is guided by the steel wheels running on steel rails, most of the car weight is born by the steel wheels, and the car is driven by rubber wheels running on two-side roads of the steel rails. A power grid and a solar panel supply power to the line, and the line is provided with an automatic charge system. The unit consumption of energy of the car running on the rails does not reach one tenth of that of highway cars, so the driving range of the electric car is greatly increased. Meanwhile, a car battery can be charged in running, which is convenient and quick. The electric or solar highway and railway dual-purpose car and the line thereof solve the problems of large installation space of the car battery, large dead-weight increasing, short driving range, long charging time, few charging power stations, and the like of the electric car, and the pure electric cars and solar cars can be widely popularized and applied in a large scale. The modern environmental new energy technology, namely solar energy can be fast applied in the field of traffic, the energy is saved, and the environment is protected.

Description

Electronic or solar highway-railway combined automobile and circuit thereof
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of highway-railway combined automobile, is the highway-railway combined automobile that a kind of electronic or solar cell drives specifically, and the Rail Transit System of steam supply car operation and be its power supply, electrically-charged electric power system and Fare Collection System.
Technical background
When combined car uses steel wheel to orbit, can reduce the automotive operation resistance greatly, present efficient automobile Rail Transit System, the Chinese invention patent patent No. is that 2006100675888 " automobile railroad " is the double track system, Automobile steel wheel is directly installed between rubber wheel inboard or the two-wheeled, mainly is fit to large-scale, heavily stressed load carrying vehicle and uses.But, as car and other light-duty vehicle, because vehicle body is little, the chassis is low, and the wheel external diameter is little, can be very limited for the space that steel wheel is installed, if steel wheel is installed in the rubber wheel inboard of compact car,, may make vehicle in the turning process during by obstacles such as steps because steel wheel is nearer apart from the road surface, steel wheel below easily and step bump, bring inconvenience to vehicle operating.
Use powered battery to adopt the road vehicle of rubber wheel operation in addition now, because the running resistance between rubber wheel and the road surface is big, the battery weight volume is also bigger in addition, and the electric weight of storage is limited, and continual mileage is short, so be difficult to popularize; Adopt the rubber wheel operation simultaneously at present, vehicle by the power supply of Vehicular solar plate, also because the running resistance between rubber wheel and the road surface is big, the conversion efficiency of solar panels (battery) is lower, the electric weight that unit area produces is limited, in addition can be limited on the vehicle for the area that solar panels are installed, so can only satisfy the experimental operation of light-duty vehicle at present, can't realize manned loading operation truly.
And, the deficiency in present vehicle charging power station, the development that is also restricting electronlmobil is popularized.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of and light-duty steel wheel is housed and light-duty steel wheel is housed by battery or solar powered combined car automobile with for the monorail or the narrow gauge circuit of its operation, and is its power supply, electrically-charged track circuit by solar power.
Electronic highway-railway combined automobile and circuit thereof, have current colector or current-collecting device by motor-driven, the highway-railway combined automobile of steel wheel is installed simultaneously, and the monorail track circuit or the narrow gauge track circuit that have power rail are formed, it is characterized in that: the described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the monorail track circuit, the front end or the rear portion of chassis, below longitudinal midline are equipped with an independent steel wheel, or the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion install an independent steel wheel respectively, or on the longitudinal midline of chassis a plurality of independent steel wheels are installed simultaneously respectively; Vehicle is led by the steel wheel that operates on the rail, and bears the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously.
The described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the narrow gauge track circuit, the front end of chassis, below longitudinal midline or rear portion are equipped with a pair of steel wheel 9, or a pair of steel wheel is installed at the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion respectively simultaneously; Vehicle is by the steel wheel guiding and bear the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously, and described narrow gauge rail 1 gauge is less than the wheelspan of automobile rubber wheel.
Solar highway-railway combined automobile and circuit thereof, have current colector or current-collecting device is equipped with steel wheel simultaneously by motor-driven, the highway-railway combined automobile of solar panel is installed on the car, and the monorail track circuit or the narrow gauge track circuit that have power rail are formed, it is characterized in that: the described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the monorail track circuit, the front end or the rear portion of chassis, below longitudinal midline are equipped with an independent steel wheel, or the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion install an independent steel wheel respectively, or on the longitudinal midline of chassis a plurality of independent steel wheels are installed simultaneously respectively; Vehicle is led by the steel wheel that operates on the rail, and bears the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously.
The described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the narrow gauge track circuit, the front end of chassis, below longitudinal midline or rear portion are equipped with a pair of steel wheel 9, or a pair of steel wheel is installed at the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion respectively simultaneously; Vehicle is by the steel wheel guiding and bear the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously, and described narrow gauge 1 rail gauge is less than the wheelspan of automobile rubber wheel.
Electronic highway-railway combined automobile and circuit thereof, the highway-railway combined automobile of steel wheel is installed simultaneously by motor-driven, and the monorail track circuit of road surfacing or narrow gauge track circuit composition, it is characterized in that: the described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the monorail track circuit, the front end or the rear portion of chassis, below longitudinal midline are equipped with an independent steel wheel, or an independent steel wheel is installed at the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion respectively, vehicle is by the steel wheel guiding and bear the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously.
The described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the narrow gauge track circuit, the front end of chassis, below longitudinal midline or rear portion are equipped with a pair of steel wheel 9, or a pair of steel wheel is installed at the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion respectively simultaneously; Vehicle is by the steel wheel guiding and bear the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously, and described narrow gauge 1 rail gauge is less than the wheelspan of automobile rubber wheel.
In the groove of below, on the top of described track circuit or side or the road surface or road surface or sleeper guidance tape 19 sides are provided with power rail, simultaneously automobile side above or below or establish current colector or current-collecting device in the current colector storehouse of front end or rear end, by vehicle-mounted current colector or current-collecting device contact power rail, for automobile drive electric motor power supply or be the Vehicular accumulator cell charging, or power for automobile drive electric motor simultaneously and Vehicular accumulator cell charges; Described current colector or current-collecting device are installed in the current colector storehouse of automobile by retractor device or Folding device or pivoted arm device, establish anti-sump lid to be opened/closed on the Hatch Opening of current colector storehouse; The solar panels power supply of described power rail by being provided with on electrical network or the circuit erecting frame.
Described independent steel wheel 7 both sides that operate on the single track 10 all have the guiding wheel rim;
Described single track 17 rail rail level center lines are provided with guide groove, establish the guiding wheel rim in the middle of simultaneously independent steel wheel 8 treads, and the guiding wheel rim inserts to operate in and is vehicle guidance in the single track guide groove; The guide groove front opening of described single track 17 is horn-like, expands to both sides;
Described independent steel wheel is provided with pressure apparatus.
The front end of described single track or narrow gauge is established segment route rail, and the rear end of route rail is rotating to be installed on single track front end or the single track front end road surface; The sensor 16 of route rail by being provided with on its place ahead or both sides or the road surface, the horizontal position of active probe Automobile steel wheel, it is traversing to drive control route rail front end by actuating device, makes it align steel wheel, thereby makes steel wheel enter the rail operation smoothly; The rail level of described route rail 18 is established guide groove, and the front opening of guide groove is horn-like, expands to both sides.
Establish pressure sensor between square slide 14 and the slide 15 under the route rail of described single track or narrow gauge front end, locking device is established in route rail slide plate below or side simultaneously, when pressure sensor enters or rolls away from the route rail according to the top Automobile steel wheel, produced pressure change, detected electric signal is sent to control setup, opens or close locking device by electronic or hydraulic pressure or calutron by control setup.
On described automobile current colector or the current-collecting device, amperemeter/ammtr or flow of power amount detecting device are housed, amperemeter/ammtr or flow of power amount detecting device, automobile is obtained in the line the flow signal information of electric power by power rail by current colector, by the electronic signal feedway of installing on the automobile, send to the signal receiving device that segmentation is provided with in line outlet place or the circuit; By the power consumption information of signal receiving device with this vehicle, be sent to the terminal computer system again, the terminal computer system notifies the car owner to pay the fees after the electric power that vehicle user consumed is chargeed, or by bank's fare payment system auto deduction.
The leading portion of described single track or narrow gauge is established rail domatic 20.
Described solar panels 22 are positioned at combined car top, and solar panels storehouse 24 is established in vehicle rear below or top; Solar panels both sides or down either side are provided with roller, and are provided with servo drive; Independence or interlink separately between the polylith solar panels; Vehicle roof or vehicle roof and rear portion are provided with chute; By servo drive with solar panels by pulling out along chute 23 in the solar panels storehouse, be fixed on generating in the chute of vehicle roof, or send solar panels back to the solar panels storehouse by vehicle roof along chute 23 by servo drive.
In sum, because vehicle by steel wheel and orbital motion, its unit consumption of energy and driving power are less than 1/10th of road vehicle, automobile can save energy more than 70 40 percent to percent in operation on the steel rail line, increase the continual mileage of battery-powered electronlmobil greatly, energy-conserving and environment-protective.In addition, the small-sized light alloy steel wheel of the about 120~150mm of diameter is installed on the automobile, and volume is little in light weight, and required installing space is little, can directly be fixedly mounted on the vehicle chassis and (also can be installed on the chassis by jacking system or pressure apparatus), erected cost declines to a great extent; And requiring of steel rail laying road pavement is low, and be simple and convenient, and cost is low.Vehicle can be by the power rail on track circuit power supply, the Vehicular accumulator cell charging that also can be in operation simultaneously, and it is to be charged not need to enter charge power station etc., and the cost that saves time is convenient and swift.Increased the continual mileage of electronlmobil greatly, solved present electronlmobil, the storage battery installing space is big, deadweight increases many, the shortcoming that continual mileage is short, and charging duration is long, the problem of restriction electronlmobil development is waited in the charging power station less, make pure electric automobile, solar car and dual-mode vehicle can obtain more extensive large-scale popularization and application, also make the solar car that solar panels are installed to obtain practical application.
And can set up solar panel along the line on a large scale at track circuit is vehicle power supply, charging, makes this modern environmental protection new energy technology of solar electrical energy generation, can obtain the extensively extensive popularization and application of reality rapidly in the Modern Traffic field.Installation solar panel on the line is land occupation not, economizes on resources environmental protection.
Description of drawings
The scheme drawing that Fig. 1 moves in track circuit for highway-railway combined automobile.
Fig. 1-1 is the lateral plan of Fig. 1.
Fig. 1-2 is the position view in the current colector storehouse of highway-railway combined automobile one side.
Fig. 2 is the three-dimensional scheme of installation of solar panel in the track circuit.
Fig. 3 for both sides be equipped with the guiding wheel rim steel wheel, be installed in the scheme drawing on the car chassis front end center line.
Fig. 4 for both sides be equipped with the guiding wheel rim steel wheel, be installed in the scheme drawing on the center line of car chassis rear and front end respectively.
Fig. 5 is that the guiding wheel rim is positioned at the steel wheel on the steel wheel tread line of centers, is installed in the scheme drawing on the car chassis front end center line.
Fig. 6 is that the guiding wheel rim is positioned at the steel wheel on the steel wheel tread line of centers, is installed in the scheme drawing on the center line of car chassis rear and front end respectively.
Fig. 7 installs the scheme drawing of a pair of steel wheel for the car chassis front end.
Fig. 8 installs the scheme drawing of a pair of steel wheel respectively for the car chassis rear and front end.
Fig. 9 is about to enter the scheme drawing that front end is the single track steel rail line of tip-angled shape for highway-railway combined automobile.
Figure 10 establishes the scheme drawing of route rail for single track rail front end.
Figure 11 is about to enter the middle scheme drawing that is provided with the single track steel rail line of guide groove of rail tread for highway-railway combined automobile.
Figure 12 establishes the scheme drawing of route rail for the single track rail front end of establishing guide groove in the middle of the tread.
Figure 13 is about to enter the scheme drawing of narrow gauge steel rail line operation for highway-railway combined automobile.
Figure 13-1 establishes the scheme drawing of route rail for narrow gauge steel rail line front end.
Figure 14 enters the scheme drawing of rail front end for steel wheel before the automobile.
Figure 14-1 is that steel wheel is by the domatic headstock of raising of the last rail of rail leading portion before the automobile, and rubber wheel breaks away from rail both sides ground-surface scheme drawing gradually before making.
Figure 14-2 is steel wheel entry-line operation before the automobile, and rubber wheel broke away from rail both sides ground-surface scheme drawing fully before headstock was raised.
Figure 15 for solar highway-railway combined car rear portion have the solar panels storehouse scheme drawing.
Figure 15-1 is the birds-eye view of Figure 15.
Figure 16 has the scheme drawing of the combined car of solar power for vehicle roof.
The scheme drawing that Figure 16-1 goes back to the solar panels storehouse for solar panels folding among Figure 16.
Figure 17 has the scheme drawing that the combined car of solar panels moves on steel rail line.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
Embodiment 1
Shown in Fig. 1, solar panels 4 are installed in track circuit 1 top by erecting frame 3, and the current colector 5 of highway-railway combined automobile by the one side that operates on the track circuit contacts with the power rail 2 that erecting frame 3 one sides are installed, and is that vehicle is powered.Track circuit adopts regional segmentation independently directly to be powered to vehicle by power rail by solar cell; According to present general solar cell, every sq m area can produce the power calculation of 0.2kw, it is the solar panels of 3m that width is laid in the track top, and the solar panel of 3000 sq m areas of the independently-powered interval top of every 1km can produce the electric power of 600kw.Per hour during speed 100~120km, every 1t weight needs the driving power of 3~4kw to vehicle in orbit; Under the condition of illumination abundance, the independently-powered interval electric power that produces of every km can satisfy about 100 electronlmobils of gross weight 200t or double mode automobile in theory fully, on the track circuit with the per hour operation of the speed more than the 100km.
Shown in Fig. 1-1 and the 1-2, establish current colector storehouse 6 in a side of pure electric vehicle or double mode automobile, current colector 5 is installed in the current colector storehouse 6 by retractor device or Folding device (telescopic boom or folding arm) or pivoted arm turning device.When Automobile steel wheel enters rail 1 operation, automatically open the anti-sump lid in current colector storehouse by control setup, current colector by retractor device or Folding device by stretching out in the current colector storehouse, or rotate out the current colector storehouse by the pivoted arm device, with be installed in erecting frame 3 inboards, the power rail 2 that is in same level attitude with current colector contacts, and for the vehicle power supply, is advanced by vehicle-mounted motor-driven vehicle.Simultaneously, Vehicular accumulator cell also can be in vehicle be advanced, and obtains electric power on the power rail by current colector, is battery charge.
In the application,, also can set up the auxiliary power supply circuit, by electrical network circuit be powered when needing in the relatively poor area of illumination condition.
In the application, on automobile current colector or the current-collecting device, amperemeter/ammtr or flow of power amount detecting device are housed, amperemeter/ammtr or flow of power amount detecting device, the electric power flow signal information that automobile is obtained by power rail by current colector in the line, by the electronic signal feedway of installing on the automobile, send to the signal receiving device that segmentation is provided with in line outlet place or the circuit, again by power consumption (consumption) information of signal receiving device with this vehicle, be sent to the terminal computer system, after the terminal computer system charges the electric power that this vehicle user consumed, notify the car owner (note, E-MAIL, modes such as phone) pay the fees, or bank's fare payment system auto deduction of the agreement bank that provides by this car owner.
In the application, the current colector storehouse that current colector is installed can be positioned at automobile engine compartment or boot.
In the application, the road surface rail can be used as the ground wire of electric power system; Or establish positive and negative polarities on the power rail simultaneously, also establish two parts of both positive and negative polarity on the current colector simultaneously, respectively with power rail on positive and negative electrodes in same the time contact, be the vehicle power supply.
Embodiment 2
Shown in Figure 3, the independent steel wheel 7 that both sides all have the wheel rim that leads is installed on the car chassis front end longitudinal centerline, by contacting of both sides guiding wheel rim and road surface single track 10 (shown in Figure 9) both sides, be vehicle operating guiding and load automobile 12 front end weight, vehicle is moved on track circuit by the back rubber wheel driving that operates on the road surface, rail both sides 11.For making things convenient for steel wheel to enter rail, rail 10 front ends are tip-angled shape
Shown in Figure 4, the independent steel wheel 7 that both sides all have the wheel rim that leads is installed on the longitudinal centerline of car chassis rear and front end simultaneously, when steel wheel enters the rail operation, the most of weight of vehicle is born by steel wheel, vehicle is led by steel wheel simultaneously, drive by the rubber drive wheels that still contacts, on track circuit, move with road surface, rail both sides 11.In the application, when former and later two steel wheels entered the rail operation, non-driving rubber wheel can break away from the road surface.
Shown in Fig. 5, the steel wheel 8 that the guiding wheel rim is positioned on the steel wheel tread center line is installed on the line of centers of vehicle chassis front end, when steel wheel enters single track rail 17 operations that are provided with guide groove (shown in Figure 11), in the rail guide groove on the steel wheel guiding wheel rim insertion rail rail level center line is vehicle guidance, when the steel wheel tread of guiding wheel rim both sides operates on the rail level of single track rail center line guide groove both sides simultaneously, vehicle is moved on track circuit by the back rubber drive wheels powered vehicle 12 on the road surface 11 that operates in the rail both sides by steel wheel guiding and load automotive front end weight.For making things convenient for steel wheel guiding wheel rim to enter the rail guide groove, the opening of rail 17 front end guide grooves is horn-like, to both sides expansions (shown in Figure 11).
Shown in Figure 6, on the rear and front end line of centers of vehicle chassis steel wheel 8 is installed simultaneously, when steel wheel enters rail 17 operations (shown in Figure 11), the most of weight of vehicle is born by steel wheel, vehicle 12 is led by steel wheel simultaneously, drive by the rubber drive wheels that still contacts, on track circuit, move with road surface, rail both sides 11.In the application, when steel wheel entered the rail operation, non-driving rubber wheel can break away from the road surface.
Shown in Figure 7, the car chassis front end is installed a pair of steel wheel 9, and vehicle 12 drives operation (shown in Figure 13) on the line by preceding steel wheel guiding and load vehicle forebody weight by the back rubber drive wheels that operates on the road surface, rail both sides 11.
Shown in Figure 8, the car chassis rear and front end is installed a pair of steel wheel respectively, when steel wheel enters the rail operation, the most of weight of vehicle is born by steel wheel, vehicle is led by steel wheel simultaneously, drives by the rubber drive wheels that still contacts with road surface, rail both sides 11, moves on track circuit.In the application, when steel wheel entered the rail operation, non-driving rubber wheel can break away from the road surface.
Because the rolling resistance between steel wheel and the rail, less than 1/10th of the rolling resistance between rubber wheel and the highway, the automotive use steel wheel enters the steel rail line operation, can significantly reduce the driving power of vehicle.
In the application, if steel wheel is installed at vehicle chassis front end and rear portion simultaneously, vehicle front weight is all born by preceding steel wheel, 60 to 80 percent the weight at rear portion is by back steel wheel carrying, other 20 to 40 percent weight is by operating on the road surface, rail both sides 11, the rear drive rubber wheel is born, and powered vehicle is advanced; Because 80 to 90 percent of vehicle all wt is born by the front and back steel wheel, makes the running resistance of vehicle decline to a great extent 70 percent to more than 80, the vehicle required drive declines to a great extent 70 percent simultaneously to more than 80, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
In the application, if vehicle is a f-w-d, bear the weight of front part of vehicle 80 60 percent to percent by preceding steel wheel, the before driving rubber wheel is born 40 20 percent to percent front part of vehicle weight, the weight of vehicle rear is born by the back steel wheel fully simultaneously, or is born simultaneously by back steel wheel and back rubber wheel.
Embodiment 3
Shown in Figure 10 and Figure 12, the front end of monorail track circuit is established segment route rail 13 and 18 respectively, route rail 13 and 18 rotating being installed on single track front end or the single track front end road surface in rear end, route rail front end is by its being installed on the slide 15 of can laterally sliding of square slide 14 down; Route rail 13 and 18 position transduser or rang sensors 16 by its place ahead or both sides setting, the horizontal position of active probe automobile or Automobile steel wheel, it is traversing to drive route rail front end by actuating device (switch), make it align steel wheel, thereby make Automobile steel wheel reach the route rail smoothly, enter the steel rail line operation by the route rail.Two rail front ends that Figure 13-1 is depicted as the narrow gauge circuit also are respectively equipped with the route rail, and the below of two route rails is provided with slide plate 14 and slide 15 respectively.
In the application, all establish pressure sensor between the slide plate 14 of single track and narrow gauge circuit front end route rail below and the slide 15, locking device is established in route rail slide plate below or side simultaneously.
When steel wheel reaches the route rail, the pressure sensor of route rail slide plate below, experience the compression weight of steel wheel and vehicle, electric signal is sent into control setup, the route rail is fixed by locking device by control setup, the cross side pressure that produces when the route rail can not entered owing to steel wheel is subjected to displacement; After steel wheel is by the operation of route rail entry-line, the pressure that the pressure sensor impression of route rail slide plate below loses steel wheel and vehicle weight changes, again detected electric signal is sent to control setup, discharge locking device by control setup, the sensor 16 that the route rail can be provided with by the road surface again is by the horizontal position of the back steel wheel that detects, it is traversing to drive route rail front end by actuating device, make it align steel wheel, thereby make the back steel wheel of automobile or the steel wheel of next automobile reach the route rail smoothly, enter the steel rail line operation by the route rail.
In the application, actuating device can be a hydraulic servo device or by motor-driven mechanical servo unit.Locking device can be hydraulic blocking device or motor-driven mechanical locking device or electromagnetism locking device etc.
Embodiment 4
Shown in Figure 14, Figure 14-1, in the application, when the last rail domatic 20 of Automobile steel wheel 21 through the rail front portion enters the rail operation, because the rail rear portion is higher than the rail front end, the rubber wheel of automotive front end is elevated (shown in Figure 14-2), thereby break away from road surface 11, the weight of automotive front is all carried by steel wheel, thereby reduce the running resistance of vehicle greatly.
Automobile rubber wheel after raising in the application can break away from the road surface fully, also can still keep slightly contacting with the road surface, bears most of vehicle weight by steel wheel, and rubber wheel is born the fraction vehicle weight.
In the application, on the steel wheel pressure apparatus can be set,, adjust the vehicle weight that steel wheel and rubber wheel are carried separately with steel wheel under the adjustment different conditions and the pressure distribution between the rubber wheel.
Embodiment 5
Figure 15 and shown in Figure 16, polylith solar panels 22 are installed in combined car top, are establishing solar panels storehouse 24 below the vehicle rear or above the rear portion.Solar panels both sides or down either side are provided with roller 23, and are provided with servo drive, interlink between the polylith solar panels, and simultaneously, vehicle roof both sides or vehicle roof and both sides, rear portion are provided with chute.In the application, open solar panels Cang Canggai by servo drive, simultaneously with solar panels by pulling out (roller 23 operates in the chute) along chute 23 in the solar panels storehouse, be fixed on generating in the chute of vehicle roof.At the weather or the night of no sunlight, send solar panels back to the solar panels storehouse by vehicle roof along chute 23 by servo drive, simultaneously solar panels Cang Cang lid SELF CL.
In the application, vehicle is a Dual-motors Driving.Dual-motors Driving is to establish two drive motor on the axle drive shaft of vehicle or front and back axle drive shaft at the same time or separately.When sufficient following two motors of condition of solar panels power supply are powered by solar panels; Under the condition of solar panels electricity shortage, wherein a drive motor is powered by solar panels, and another drive motor switches to the Vehicular accumulator cell power supply.
When automobile moved on the track circuit by the power rail power supply, two drive motor all switched to by the power rail power supply, or wherein a drive motor is powered by power rail, and the disengaging of clutch of another motor quits work.
Move on the circuit that automobile is not having power rail to power, in the time of can not using solar electrical energy generation simultaneously, two drive motor all switch to by storage battery power supply, or wherein a drive motor is by storage battery power supply, and the disengaging of clutch of another motor quits work.

Claims (10)

1. electronic highway-railway combined automobile and circuit thereof, have current colector or current-collecting device by motor-driven, the highway-railway combined automobile of steel wheel is installed simultaneously, and the monorail track circuit or the narrow gauge track circuit that have power rail are formed, it is characterized in that: the described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the monorail track circuit, the front end or the rear portion of chassis, below longitudinal midline are equipped with an independent steel wheel, or the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion install an independent steel wheel respectively, or on the longitudinal midline of chassis a plurality of independent steel wheels are installed simultaneously respectively; Vehicle is led by the steel wheel that operates on the rail, and bears the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously;
The described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the narrow gauge track circuit, the front end of chassis, below longitudinal midline or rear portion are equipped with a pair of steel wheel (9), or a pair of steel wheel is installed at the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion respectively simultaneously; Vehicle is by the steel wheel guiding and bear the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously, and described narrow gauge rail (1) gauge is less than the wheelspan of automobile rubber wheel.
2. solar highway-railway combined automobile and circuit thereof, have current colector or current-collecting device is equipped with steel wheel simultaneously by motor-driven, the highway-railway combined automobile of solar panel is installed on the car, and the monorail track circuit or the narrow gauge track circuit that have power rail are formed, it is characterized in that: the described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the monorail track circuit, the front end or the rear portion of chassis, below longitudinal midline are equipped with an independent steel wheel, or the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion install an independent steel wheel respectively, or on the longitudinal midline of chassis a plurality of independent steel wheels are installed simultaneously respectively; Vehicle is led by the steel wheel that operates on the rail, and bears the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously;
The described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the narrow gauge track circuit, the front end of chassis, below longitudinal midline or rear portion are equipped with a pair of steel wheel (9), or a pair of steel wheel is installed at the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion respectively simultaneously; Vehicle is by the steel wheel guiding and bear the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously, and described narrow gauge (1) rail gauge is less than the wheelspan of automobile rubber wheel.
3. electronic highway-railway combined automobile and circuit thereof, the highway-railway combined automobile of steel wheel is installed simultaneously by motor-driven, and the monorail track circuit of road surfacing or narrow gauge track circuit composition, it is characterized in that: the described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the monorail track circuit, the front end or the rear portion of chassis, below longitudinal midline are equipped with an independent steel wheel, or an independent steel wheel is installed at the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion respectively, vehicle is by the steel wheel guiding and bear the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously;
The described highway-railway combined automobile that operates in the narrow gauge track circuit, the front end of chassis, below longitudinal midline or rear portion are equipped with a pair of steel wheel (9), or a pair of steel wheel is installed at the front end of chassis longitudinal midline and rear portion respectively simultaneously; Vehicle is by the steel wheel guiding and bear the part vehicle weight, is driven by the rubber drive wheels that contacts operation with road surface, rail both sides simultaneously, and described narrow gauge (1) rail gauge is less than the wheelspan of automobile rubber wheel.
4. according to electronic or solar highway-railway combined automobile and the circuit thereof described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: in the groove of below, on the top of described track circuit or side or the road surface or road surface or sleeper guidance tape (19) side is provided with power rail, simultaneously automobile side above or below or establish current colector or current-collecting device in the current colector storehouse of front end or rear end, by vehicle-mounted current colector or current-collecting device contact power rail, for automobile drive electric motor power supply or be the Vehicular accumulator cell charging, or power for automobile drive electric motor simultaneously and Vehicular accumulator cell charges; Described current colector or current-collecting device are installed in the current colector storehouse of automobile by retractor device or Folding device or pivoted arm device, establish anti-sump lid to be opened/closed on the Hatch Opening of current colector storehouse; The solar panels power supply of described power rail by being provided with on electrical network or the circuit erecting frame.
5. according to electronic or solar highway-railway combined automobile and the circuit thereof described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described independent steel wheel (7) both sides that operate on the single track (10) all have the guiding wheel rim;
Described single track (17) rail rail level center line is provided with guide groove, establishes the guiding wheel rim in the middle of independent steel wheel (8) tread simultaneously, and the guiding wheel rim inserts to operate in and is vehicle guidance in the single track guide groove; The guide groove front opening of described single track (17) is horn-like, expands to both sides;
Described independent steel wheel is provided with pressure apparatus.
6. according to electronic or solar highway-railway combined automobile and the circuit thereof described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: the front end of described single track or narrow gauge is established segment route rail, and the rear end of route rail is rotating to be installed on single track front end or the single track front end road surface; The sensor (16) of route rail by being provided with on its place ahead or both sides or the road surface, the horizontal position of active probe Automobile steel wheel, it is traversing to drive control route rail front end by actuating device, makes it align steel wheel, thereby makes steel wheel enter the rail operation smoothly; The rail level of described route rail (18) is established guide groove, and the front opening of guide groove is horn-like, expands to both sides.
7. according to electronic or solar highway-railway combined automobile and the circuit thereof described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: establish pressure sensor between square slide (14) and the slide (15) under the route rail of described single track or narrow gauge front end, locking device is established in route rail slide plate below or side simultaneously, when pressure sensor enters or rolls away from the route rail according to the top Automobile steel wheel, produced pressure change, detected electric signal is sent to control setup, opens or close locking device by electronic or hydraulic pressure or calutron by control setup.
8. according to electronic or solar highway-railway combined automobile and the circuit thereof described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: on described automobile current colector or the current-collecting device, amperemeter/ammtr or flow of power amount detecting device are housed, amperemeter/ammtr or flow of power amount detecting device, automobile is obtained in the line the flow signal information of electric power by power rail by current colector, by the electronic signal feedway of installing on the automobile, send to the signal receiving device that segmentation is provided with in line outlet place or the circuit; By the power consumption information of signal receiving device with this vehicle, be sent to the terminal computer system again, the terminal computer system notifies the car owner to pay the fees after the electric power that vehicle user consumed is chargeed, or by bank's fare payment system auto deduction.
9. according to electronic or solar highway-railway combined automobile and the circuit thereof described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: the leading portion of described single track or narrow gauge is established rail domatic (20).
10. according to electronic or solar highway-railway combined automobile and the circuit thereof described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described solar panels (22) are positioned at combined car top, and solar panels storehouse (24) is established in vehicle rear below or top; Solar panels both sides or down either side are provided with roller, and are provided with servo drive; Independence or interlink separately between the polylith solar panels; Vehicle roof or vehicle roof and rear portion are provided with chute; By servo drive with solar panels by pulling out along chute (23) in the solar panels storehouse, be fixed on generating in the chute of vehicle roof, or send solar panels back to the solar panels storehouse by vehicle roof along chute (23) by servo drive.
CN2010201759581U 2010-03-09 2010-04-08 Electric or solar highway and railway dual-purpose car and line thereof Expired - Fee Related CN201646285U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102146650A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-08-10 赵志贤 Single track road
CN103085670A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-05-08 吴德滨 Solar cell panel for railway line
CN111096178A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-05-05 济南佰福康物联网技术有限公司 Multifunctional aerial intelligent robot and system for greenhouse and working method
WO2021203338A1 (en) * 2020-04-09 2021-10-14 曹庆恒 Multipurpose vehicle, use method and transportation system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102146650A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-08-10 赵志贤 Single track road
CN103085670A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-05-08 吴德滨 Solar cell panel for railway line
CN111096178A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-05-05 济南佰福康物联网技术有限公司 Multifunctional aerial intelligent robot and system for greenhouse and working method
WO2021203338A1 (en) * 2020-04-09 2021-10-14 曹庆恒 Multipurpose vehicle, use method and transportation system

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