CN201594146U - Automatic snowfall monitoring device - Google Patents

Automatic snowfall monitoring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201594146U
CN201594146U CN2010201116407U CN201020111640U CN201594146U CN 201594146 U CN201594146 U CN 201594146U CN 2010201116407 U CN2010201116407 U CN 2010201116407U CN 201020111640 U CN201020111640 U CN 201020111640U CN 201594146 U CN201594146 U CN 201594146U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
snowfall
monitoring
camera
module
acquisition unit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010201116407U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张晓静
李晓晏
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Institute of Applied Ecology of CAS
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Institute of Applied Ecology of CAS
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Priority to CN2010201116407U priority Critical patent/CN201594146U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201594146U publication Critical patent/CN201594146U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A90/00Technologies having an indirect contribution to adaptation to climate change
    • Y02A90/10Information and communication technologies [ICT] supporting adaptation to climate change, e.g. for weather forecasting or climate simulation

Abstract

The utility model relates to an automatic snowfall monitoring device which is provided with a snowfall measuring tape, a camera monitoring device, a data collector, a battery, a solar panel and an anemoscope, wherein the snowfall measuring tape is vertically arranged on the ground; a camera of the camera monitoring device is aligned with the snowfall measuring tape; the data collector collects the collecting signals of the camera monitoring device and the anemoscope; the battery receives the solar energy through the solar panel, converts the solar energy into electric energy, and outputs the electric energy to the data collector; and the data collector is communicated with a remote computer in a wireless communication way. The electric supply system is stable to run, and is little affected by outside, has high information transmission speed and clear image, can continuously complete the image storage volume of several months, and provides timely and important reference data for snow disaster rescue or short-term weather report.

Description

A kind of automatic snowfall monitoring device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of snowfall thickness recording apparatus, specifically a kind of automatic snowfall monitoring device.
Background technology
Various in recent years disasteies constantly take place, and harm is outstanding earthquake, flood, fire, arid, thunder and lightning, typhoon, snow disaster, frost, snowslide and rubble flow etc.Disaster can be destroyed large stretch of dark woods, destroy by rush of water or bury the house, damage the traffic route, telecommunication equipment, vehicle and large tracts of land farmland etc., it is wide that the occurrence frequency height involves scope, destructive big, list is gone out to walk to people and is brought inconvenience, and human production activity and natural ecological environment are produced a very large impact.
The snow in winter mainly is the influence owing to cold front weather, and cutting edge of a knife or a sword is the intersection of changes in temperature air mass, if cold air mass has just formed cold front to the warm air mass motion, otherwise is the warm front.In winter, the land temperature is lower than the ocean, the powerful cold anticyclone of inner formation in the continent, and to radiation all around, wherein the air mass to low latitude motion belongs to cold air mass to air-flow in nature by the high pressure center, and it and warm air mass meet and have just formed cold front.When cold front passed by, China south formed overcast and rainy, and the north forms the weather of snowfall, blew, lowered the temperature, and after passing by, temperature and moisture is poly-falls, and air pressure raises, and often formed disastrous wind and snow cooling weather, even formed cold current.
The observation of snowfall has regulation meteorological with hydrology department, and it is completely different with the standard of rainfall amount, and rainfall amount is according to the observer, with the container of certain standard, with measure (millimeter of measuring after the snow core thawing of collecting).Snowfall is meant the snowfall of being fallen in the certain hour, and the various criterion of 24 hours and 12 hours is arranged.It is the degree of depth that snow is changed into the water of equivalent that the result converts, with the ratiometric conversion of accumulated snow thickness according to 1: 15.So calculate, 55 millimeters snowfalls are about the accumulated snow of 82.5 cm thicks.For the observer, when snowfall every day to take a sample, melt, measurement, ratiometric conversion etc., if standard is 12 hours, then sampling that must be repeated in 24 hours is 2 times, and when falling heavy snow and severe snow by standard, no longer increase the sampling number of times, the interlude at 2 sub-samplings but becomes a blind area like this.
The utility model content
At above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art part, the technical problems to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of precision of high monitoring snowfall, and in conjunction with synchronous wind direction and wind velocity data, provides the automatic snowfall monitoring device that more complete wind and snow changes information.。
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
The automatic snowfall monitoring device of the utility model has snowfall and surveys chi, monitoring camera-shooting device, data acquisition unit, battery, solar panels and anerovane, wherein snowfall survey chi vertically is installed on the ground, the video camera of monitoring camera-shooting device is surveyed chi facing to snowfall, data acquisition unit receives the acquired signal of monitoring camera-shooting device and anerovane, and battery receives conversion of solar energy by solar panels and becomes electric energy to export data acquisition unit to; Data acquisition unit carries out communication with wireless communication mode and far-end computer.
Described data acquisition unit comprises utilizing camera interface, decoder module, video first-in first-out module, digital signal processing chip, digital signal processor, programmable logic device (PLD), analog-to-digital conversion module and wireless module, wherein, decoder module receives the camera captured image information by utilizing camera interface, decoder module be used for camera collection to simulating signal decode, be converted to digital signal, video first-in first-out module receives the decoded snowfall of decoder module output and surveys the chi image information, the test side decoder module of programmable logic device (PLD) module links to each other, read-write and reseting controling end link to each other with video first-in first-out module, and control end links to each other with digital signal processor; Digital signal processor is connected to anerovane by analog-to-digital conversion module, carries out communication by wireless module and far-end computer and is connected.
Described snowfall is surveyed chi and is adopted flitch to make, and which is provided with a millimeter scale mark; Described monitoring camera-shooting device is installed on the pile, and this pile vertically is located at ground; Described monitoring camera-shooting device adopts infrared waterproof and dustproof web camera; The frequency signal that described anerovane is measured is delivered to digital signal processing chip in the data acquisition unit by underground cable.
The utlity model has following effect and innovative point:
1. the utility model adopts the solar panels power supply, and for the snowfall monitoring that solves outlying nothing power supply area provides feasible approach, this electric power system is stable, is subjected to external influence factor very little.
2. the utility model is surveyed chi and anerovane combination with monitoring camera-shooting device and snowfall, and is reasonable in design, transmission information fast, clear picture, image and wind direction and wind velocity signal Synchronization, simple to operate and practical value is higher.
3. the monitoring camera-shooting device adopts infrared waterproof, and dustproof web camera is equipped with infrared photography apart from 10-50 rice, built-in 20GB SD card storage, and up to ten thousand of memory images can be finished the image storage amount of some months continuously.Clear picture, image and wind direction and wind velocity signal Synchronization.
4. the utility model is increased to 6~8 times/24 hours by the timer in the data acquisition unit with original snowfall sampling number of times, promptly solved the blind area of the long institute of sampling interval time generation time difference, again can be in the shortest time, just the on-the-spot firsthand information of snowfall intensity beyond the hundreds of kilometer and wind direction, wind speed, represent to meteorological, hydrology department, for anti-snow is speedily carried out rescue work or short-range weather forecast provides timely and important reference.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the automatic snowfall monitoring device of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the utility model principle of work process flow diagram;
Fig. 3 is the utility model data acquisition unit block diagram.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of automatic snowfall monitoring device of the utility model has snowfall and surveys chi 1, monitoring camera-shooting device 2, data acquisition unit 4, battery 5, solar panels 6 and anerovane 7, wherein snowfall survey chi 1 vertically is installed on the ground, the camera of monitoring camera-shooting device 2 is surveyed chi 1 facing to snowfall, data acquisition unit 4 receives the acquired signal of monitoring camera-shooting device 2 and anerovane 7, and battery 5 becomes electric energy to export data acquisition unit 4 to the conversion of solar energy that solar panels 6 receive.
As shown in Figure 3, data acquisition unit 4 comprises utilizing camera interface, decoder module, video first-in first-out module, digital signal processing chip, digital signal processor, programmable logic device (PLD), analog-to-digital conversion module and wireless module, wherein, decoder module receives the camera captured image information by utilizing camera interface, decoder module be used for camera collection to simulating signal decode, be converted to digital signal, video first-in first-out module receives the decoded snowfall of decoder module output and surveys the chi image information, the test side decoder module of programmable logic device (PLD) module links to each other, read-write and reseting controling end link to each other with video first-in first-out module, and control end links to each other with digital signal processor; Digital signal processor is connected to anerovane 7 by analog-to-digital conversion module, carries out communication by wireless module and far-end computer and is connected.
The principle of work of data acquisition unit 4 is, utilizing camera interface and camera join, image information is introduced data acquisition unit, link to each other with decoder module by the CVBS[4..0 port, decoder module be used for camera collection to simulating signal decode, be converted to digital signal, so that the rear end digital signal processor is handled and transmitted image information.After decoder module is decoded to analog image information, pass through VPOBUS[21..0] bus surveys chi video first-in first-out module with decoded image information snowfall, the programmable logic device (PLD) module is by detecting the IDQ of decoder module, IGPH, IGPV, GIO1, the RST1 signal, judge Flame Image Process decoding process, after a two field picture is handled well, come the control figure signal processor to carry out reading of data by INT0 INT1 nCEnRE, come the read-write of control of video first-in first-out module and the control that resets by WE RE RRST WRST, coordinate the read operation of video first-in first-out module and digital signal processor.Power module provides working power for data acquisition unit, cell voltage is converted to the required 5V of data acquisition unit, 3.3V, 1.8V operating voltage, the analog to digital conversion interface links to each other with wind speed wind direction sensor, analog to digital converter by digital signal processor is gathered wind speed information, clock module provides the clock frequency of data acquisition unit work, behind the digital signal processor frequency division, pass through FRCK, F_WCK offers other module clock frequencies of data acquisition unit, program storage is used for the storing software program, dynamic RAM is used for the storage of program run space and intermediate data, wireless module is used for image information and wind direction and wind velocity information are sent to remote computer, observes and analyzes.
Monitoring camera-shooting device 2 adopts infrared waterproof and dustproof web camera, is equipped with infrared photography apart from 10-50 rice, built-in 20GB SD card storage, and up to ten thousand of memory images can be finished the image storage amount of some months continuously.Clear picture, image and wind direction and wind velocity signal Synchronization.
Supporting timber 3 height of infrared network video camera can make by oneself according to local snowfall, in the present embodiment, it is long 1.5 meters that chi 1 one of employing is surveyed in snowfall, wide 0.2 meter, thick 0.1 meter flitch (not comprising under ground portion), the scale mark (see figure 1) that flitch is provided with centimetre, zero graduation line and local horizon keeping parallelism during installation, it is 8~10 meters apart from the distance of video camera that chi 1 is surveyed in snowfall.
Weather environment in conjunction with snowfall the time, as the reference data, oceanic rise is opened up the EY1-A type anerovane that instrument and equipment company limited produces in the outfit, and the measuring wind speed scope is 40m/s, and degree of accuracy is ± 0.5m/s, the wind direction measurement range is 0~360 °, resolution is 3 °, operating voltage 12V, operating ambient temperature-60 ℃~50 ℃, anerovane is 18~20 meters apart from the distance of video camera, and the antenna height of anerovane is 10~12 meters.
For solving the snowfall monitoring in outlying no civil power area, adopt solar panels 6 power supplies, accumulator 5 adopts valve-regulated sealed lead-acid batteries 12v-100Ah.This accumulator belongs to non-maintaining type series, every two years changes once to get final product.
1~2 number of snowfall sampling in original 24 hours is increased, reach camera monitoring 6~8 times, solved the blind area that sampling interval time is grown institute's generation time difference.6~8 camera monitorings were set in 24 hours to get final product.
When snowfall forms, the thickness of snowfall promptly is presented at snowfall and surveys on the chi 1, by monitoring camera-shooting device 2 is the infrared network video camera, the current thickness of snowfall that snowfall is surveyed on the chi 1 is taken and is stored in the data acquisition unit 4, the data that anerovane 7 is measured are delivered in the data acquisition unit 4 by underground cable and are stored, and by wireless network transmission system image data in the data acquisition unit 4 and wind direction and wind velocity data at that time are sent on the computing machine of far-end (beyond the tens kilometers~hundreds of kilometer) again.Data and snowfall time that anerovane 7 is measured are synchronous, so reference value is arranged very much; On far-end computer, go out quantity of precipitation according to 1: 15 ratiometric conversion according to snowfall thickness.The utility model is increased to camera monitoring for 1~2 time 6~8 times with former snowfall sampling number of times in actual applications, solved the blind area of the long institute of sampling interval time generation time difference, to improve the precision of monitoring snowfall, and, provide more complete wind and snow and change information in conjunction with synchronous wind direction and wind velocity data.

Claims (6)

1. automatic snowfall monitoring device, it is characterized in that: have snowfall and survey chi (1), monitoring camera-shooting device (2), data acquisition unit (4), battery (5), solar panels (6) and anerovane (7), wherein snowfall survey chi (1) vertically is installed on the ground, the video camera of monitoring camera-shooting device (2) is surveyed chi (1) facing to snowfall, data acquisition unit (4) receives the acquired signal of monitoring camera-shooting device (2) and anerovane (7), and battery (5) receives conversion of solar energy by solar panels (6) and becomes electric energy to export data acquisition unit (4) to; Data acquisition unit (4) carries out communication with wireless communication mode and far-end computer.
2. by the described automatic snowfall monitoring device of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described data acquisition unit (4) comprises utilizing camera interface, decoder module, video first-in first-out module, digital signal processing chip, digital signal processor, programmable logic device (PLD), analog-to-digital conversion module and wireless module, wherein, decoder module receives the camera captured image information by utilizing camera interface, decoder module be used for camera collection to simulating signal decode, be converted to digital signal, video first-in first-out module receives the decoded snowfall of decoder module output and surveys the chi image information, the test side decoder module of programmable logic device (PLD) module links to each other, read-write and reseting controling end link to each other with video first-in first-out module, and control end links to each other with digital signal processor; Digital signal processor is connected to anerovane (7) by analog-to-digital conversion module, carries out communication by wireless module and far-end computer and is connected.
3. by the described automatic snowfall monitoring device of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described snowfall is surveyed chi and is adopted flitch to make, and which is provided with a millimeter scale mark.
4. by the described automatic snowfall monitoring device of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described monitoring camera-shooting device (2) is installed on the pile (3), and this pile (3) vertically is located at ground.
5. by the described automatic snowfall monitoring device of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described monitoring camera-shooting device (2) adopts infrared waterproof and dustproof web camera.
6. by the described automatic snowfall monitoring device of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the frequency signal that described anerovane (7) is measured, deliver to digital signal processing chip in the data acquisition unit (4) by underground cable.
CN2010201116407U 2010-02-10 2010-02-10 Automatic snowfall monitoring device Expired - Fee Related CN201594146U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014090604A1 (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-06-19 Robert Bosch Gmbh Device for monitoring the surroundings of a vehicle
CN103900487A (en) * 2014-02-21 2014-07-02 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 Multifunctional light box capable of precisely measuring depth of snow
TWI468780B (en) * 2011-11-03 2015-01-11 Innolux Corp Lcd module with an easily assembled structure
CN104359418A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-18 南京理工大学 Laser and video infused automatic railway snow depth multi-point measuring device and method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI468780B (en) * 2011-11-03 2015-01-11 Innolux Corp Lcd module with an easily assembled structure
WO2014090604A1 (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-06-19 Robert Bosch Gmbh Device for monitoring the surroundings of a vehicle
US10182229B2 (en) 2012-12-10 2019-01-15 Robert Bosch Gmbh Device for monitoring a vehicle environment
CN103900487A (en) * 2014-02-21 2014-07-02 无锡信大气象传感网科技有限公司 Multifunctional light box capable of precisely measuring depth of snow
CN104359418A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-18 南京理工大学 Laser and video infused automatic railway snow depth multi-point measuring device and method
CN104359418B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-05-17 南京理工大学 Laser and video infused automatic railway snow depth multi-point measuring device and method

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C17 Cessation of patent right
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Granted publication date: 20100929

Termination date: 20110210