CN213302548U - Intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetering meteorological station system - Google Patents

Intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetering meteorological station system Download PDF

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CN213302548U
CN213302548U CN202022158164.0U CN202022158164U CN213302548U CN 213302548 U CN213302548 U CN 213302548U CN 202022158164 U CN202022158164 U CN 202022158164U CN 213302548 U CN213302548 U CN 213302548U
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alternating current
sensor
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wireless transmission
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杨林林
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Beijing Jianling Technology Co ltd
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Beijing Jianling Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A90/00Technologies having an indirect contribution to adaptation to climate change
    • Y02A90/10Information and communication technologies [ICT] supporting adaptation to climate change, e.g. for weather forecasting or climate simulation

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solid-state automatic remote measurement meteorological station system of intelligence integral type, it relates to meteorological station technical field. The signal output acquired by the temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind direction, wind speed and air pressure acquisition system is connected with the data acquisition unit through digital-to-analog conversion, a highly integrated solid-state all-in-one machine is formed in the protective cover with grids, analog signals sensed by the sensors are processed by the data acquisition system through analog-to-digital conversion to form digital signals, and then the digital signals are transmitted to the network server and the upper computer application platform through the data transmission device. The utility model discloses realize weather phenomena such as rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, atmospheric pressure, cloud cover and the real-time supervision of surrounding environment, convenience of customers accurately knows in time and masters real-time meteorological information, realizes surveing in real time in succession, and equipment reliability, security, maintainability, testability, guarantee and environmental suitability improve greatly, and application prospect is wide.

Description

Intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetering meteorological station system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a weather station technical field, concretely relates to solid-state automatic telemetering measurement weather station system of intelligence integral type.
Background
The 'meteorological station' is a place for implementing meteorological observation on land and sea, however, with the development of time and scientific technology, a special place is needed for observing meteorological parameters once, and the meteorological station can be realized by developing into a piece of equipment. The intelligent automation is an important trend of the current world development, and since the 70 s, the automation is developed to a complex system control and a high-level intelligent control, and is widely applied to various fields of national defense, scientific research, economy and the like, so as to realize larger-scale automation, such as a comprehensive automation system of a large enterprise, a national railway automatic dispatching system, a national power grid automatic dispatching system, an air traffic control system, a city traffic control system, an automatic command system, a national economy management system and the like. The intelligent automation can simulate human intelligence to a greater extent, the robot is applied to the fields of industrial production, ocean development, universe exploration and the like, and the expert system has remarkable effects on the aspects of medical diagnosis, geological exploration and the like. The meteorological observation is automated, which is an important prerequisite for agricultural operation, geological exploration and hydrometeorological automation, and plays an indispensable role in the automation process.
The automatic weather station is a device capable of automatically observing and storing weather observation data, and is composed of sensors, collectors, communication interfaces, a system power supply and the like, along with the change of weather element values, the electric quantity output by the sensing elements of the sensors changes, the variable quantity is collected by a data collector controlled by a CPU in real time, the conversion from engineering quantity to element quantity is realized through linearization and quantification processing, and then the data is screened to obtain each weather element value. The main observation items of the meteorological station comprise air pressure, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, rainfall and cloud cover elements, other meteorological elements can be measured after expansion, the data acquisition frequency is high, and a group of observation data can be acquired and stored every minute. The research, development, production and sale of the automatic weather station make great contribution to the daily operation and special research in the fields of military, weather, agriculture, geology, environment and the like.
Currently, in the research of meteorological observation, there are two main observation methods: the first method adopts traditional manual observation, and observes the weather phenomena of the half-point and the main point in real time by using an observer for 24 hours and records and analyzes the weather phenomena; the second method is an automatic telemetering observation method, observers use an intelligent automatic telemetering meteorological station system to continuously monitor weather phenomena in real time, and a terminal analysis platform is used for timely and effectively analyzing and processing collected weather phenomena and automatically forming reports, so that accuracy of numerical forecasting and working efficiency of business personnel are greatly improved. The above two methods have the following problems:
(1) the traditional method consumes a great deal of manpower, material resources and time cost;
(2) the existing automatic meteorological station has large volume, scattered meteorological element sensors, long erection time and complicated maintenance and overhaul.
The WXT536 weather station produced by Finland Vissala company is the most available in the market, although the integration level of the weather station is higher, three wind sensors arranged at the top end during the structural design are easy to damage during transportation, installation and detection, no fittings exist in the domestic market, a stainless steel piezoelectric rainfall sensor can only monitor the intensity of rain, and the accumulated rainfall cannot be monitored during light rain; the PTU module is adopted for temperature, humidity and air pressure, if a single element is in failure or damaged, the whole module needs to be replaced, and a meteorological metering department capable of detecting a sensor cannot independently detect or detect the entry of a certain sensor; in addition, the shell is easy to yellow and discolor after being applied for a long time, and the authenticity of a temperature value is influenced.
To prior art background and prior art shortcoming, the utility model relates to an integral type solid-state automatic telemetering measurement weather station system is especially necessary.
The weather automatic telemetering system integrates the weather elements such as rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, air pressure, cloud cover and the like, and other weather element sensors can be added according to the requirements of a user, so that wired and wireless transmission modes and unattended functions are realized, and various fixed, portable and mobile installation and use modes are also realized.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a be not enough to prior art exists, the utility model aims at providing a solid-state automatic telemetering measurement meteorological station system of intelligence integral type realizes weather phenomena such as rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, atmospheric pressure, cloud cover and the real-time supervision of surrounding environment, has realized wired, wireless transmission's mode and unmanned on duty function, reduces the consumption, realizes observing in succession in real time, equipment reliability, security, maintainability, testability, guarantee and environmental suitability improve greatly, therefore, the clothes hanger is strong in practicability, and easy to popularize and use.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention is realized by the following technical solution: an intelligent integrated solid automatic remote measurement meteorological station system comprises an integrated meteorological station, a first section of supporting vertical rod, a second section of supporting vertical rod, a third section of supporting vertical rod, a solar cell panel, a cable, a receiver, a data processor, an indoor server and an upper computer, wherein the integrated meteorological station is installed at the end part of the first section of supporting vertical rod through a cable aviation socket and an aviation plug, the other end of the first section of supporting vertical rod is connected with the second section of supporting vertical rod, the second section of supporting vertical rod is fixed on an observation site through being connected with a base of the third section of supporting vertical rod, the second section of supporting vertical rod is provided with the solar cell panel, the solar cell panel is a single crystal silicon solar cell panel, the second section of supporting vertical rod is also provided with a wire outlet, the cable is connected with the integrated meteorological station and is led out from the wire outlet to be connected to the indoor server and the upper computer, and a wireless transmission module and the receiver which are, The data processor is connected with the indoor server and the upper computer respectively.
The integrated meteorological station comprises a rainfall sensor, support columns, cameras, a data acquisition device, a wind sensor, an air pressure sensor, a temperature and humidity sensor, a protective cover, a wireless transmission module, a signal lightning protection module, a base, a cable aviation socket, a power supply module and a drain hole, wherein the data acquisition device, the air pressure sensor, the temperature and humidity sensor, the wireless transmission module, the signal lightning protection module and the power supply module are all arranged inside the protective cover; the system comprises an air pressure sensor, a support rod, a temperature and humidity sensor, a wireless transmission module, a signal lightning protection module, a cable aviation socket and an indoor server, wherein the air pressure sensor is positioned on the left side of the bottom of a meteorological station, an air pressure nozzle faces outwards, the air pressure sensor is connected with a data collector through a support rod wire, the temperature and humidity sensor is positioned in the middle of the bottom of the meteorological station and is connected with the data collector through a support rod wire, the wireless transmission module is positioned on the right side of the bottom of the meteorological station and is connected with an RS communication port of the data collector, an RS port of the data collector is connected with the signal lightning protection module, the output end of the signal lightning; the power supply module arranged at the bottom of the weather station is respectively connected with the camera, the data acquisition unit, the wireless transmission module and the power supply system arranged in the first section of supporting upright rod; the edge of the base is provided with a drain hole.
Preferably, the protective cover is made of polycarbonate and 20% of glass fiber, is firm, durable and does not change color, is provided with a louver grid, can play a good role in protecting various sensors and accessories in the louver box, is not easily damaged due to external influence, and can enable numerical values acquired by various sensors to be more accurate and have higher precision.
Preferably, the cameras are arranged around the rainfall collecting outer cover on the top layer of the meteorological station, the wide angles of the three cameras are all 120 degrees, a cloud cover monitoring system with a 360-degree monitoring range is formed, the cameras are connected to a video collecting card of an upper computer in a wired or wireless mode, the cloud cover distribution situation, the weather phenomenon and the equipment surrounding situation in the air can be detected, and real-time monitoring information can be observed and stored on a terminal upper computer through video signal conversion.
Preferably, the wind sensor is arranged on a second layer of the integrated meteorological station, consists of four ultrasonic wind sensors at equal distances, and is provided with four ultrasonic wind sensor arrays at equal intervals on a horizontal plane, and the device determines the wind speed and the wind direction by measuring the transit time of ultrasonic waves transmitted from one transducer to the other three transducers; the wind direction and wind speed system consisting of the wind sensor, the analog-to-digital conversion and the electronic compass is connected with the data acquisition system, and the wind direction is controlled by the embedded micro-processing software program through the connection of the electronic compass, so that the automatic north determination of the meteorological station can be realized.
Preferably, the temperature in the temperature and humidity sensor adopts a PT100 platinum resistor, the humidity adopts a humidity sensitive capacitor, the temperature sensor, the humidity sensor and a D/A conversion module form a temperature and humidity acquisition system, the temperature and humidity sensor is connected with the data acquisition unit through the D/A conversion module to form an analog quantity signal, and the analog quantity signal is converted through the D/A conversion module to obtain the numerical values of the temperature and the relative humidity of the digital air and is transmitted to the data acquisition unit.
Preferably, the cable, the receiver and the data processor form a data transmission system of the meteorological station, the data transmission system comprises wired transmission and wireless transmission, wherein the cable is wired transmission and is connected with the indoor server and the upper computer through the cable, and the cable can be replaced by an optical fiber; the receiver and the data processor are in wireless transmission, and the wireless transmission module is connected with the indoor server and the upper computer through the receiver and the data processor; the wireless transmission module adopts a GPRS or Beidou module.
Preferably, the power supply system is integrated on the first section of supporting upright rod, two ends of the first section of supporting upright rod are fixed adapter plates, the first section of supporting upright rod is connected with the wireless transmission module through the adapter plates and is connected with the indoor computer through a data cable signal end, the fixed state of signal output, direct-current power supply and voltage input of the solar cell panel is guaranteed, and the power supply system is not influenced by factors such as low temperature, transportation, installation collision and the like; a wiring pipe is arranged in the pipe of the first section of supporting upright stanchion; the power supply system comprises a solar cell panel, a storage battery, a solar alternating current complementary charging controller and an alternating current 220V power supply, wherein the solar cell panel is connected with the storage battery, the alternating current 220V power supply, the solar cell panel and the storage battery are all connected with the solar alternating current complementary charging controller, the solar alternating current complementary charging controller is connected with the data collector, the wireless transmission module and each sensor through a DC conversion module, and the solar alternating current complementary charging controller is connected with the DC conversion module to supply power to the data collector, each sensor and the data transmission module, so that continuous and uninterrupted work is realized; the solar alternating current complementary charging controller is arranged at the connection position of the bottom in the first section of supporting upright stanchion and the second section of upright stanchion; the storage battery adopts a DC12V lithium battery pack.
Preferably, first section support pole setting intussuseption be filled with the rock wool heat preservation, the rock wool heat preservation parcel is in the periphery of battery, can improve the battery well because of electric quantity storage and conversion efficiency when the low temperature.
Preferably, the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the storage battery are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the battery end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller, the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the solar panel are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the solar end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller, and the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the alternating current 220V power supply are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the commercial power end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller; and the positive and negative inputs of the storage battery are connected with a power module of the weather station.
The utility model has the advantages that: the system integrates the meteorological elements such as rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, air pressure, cloud cover and the like into a whole, the data acquisition device is connected with the meteorological sensors, the real-time monitoring of the weather phenomena such as rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, air pressure, cloud cover and the like and the surrounding environment is realized, meanwhile, the uninterrupted power supply of equipment is realized through alternating current and solar energy complementary power supply, the meteorological values acquired by a meteorological station are connected to a network platform and a data processing terminal by utilizing a wired or wireless transmission system mode, other meteorological element sensors can be added by a user according to the requirement, the wired or wireless transmission mode and the unattended function are realized, and the installation and use modes of various fixed, portable and mobile modes are also realized.
(1) The appearance design is reasonable, each integrated unit can be effectively protected, and the reliability, the safety, the maintainability, the testability, the supportability and the environmental suitability of the equipment are improved.
(2) The automatic monitoring of rainfall, atmospheric temperature, atmospheric relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind direction, wind speed, cloud cover and other weather phenomena and surrounding environment is realized, the degree of automation is high, and manual guard is not needed.
(3) Through the alternating current solar complementary power supply system, the power consumption is reduced, and continuous real-time observation is realized.
(4) The user can configure the external sensor, thereby realizing the comprehensive monitoring of the surrounding environment.
Drawings
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments;
fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the external structure of the integrated weather station of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the integrated weather station of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a protective cover in the integrated weather station according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the power supply system of the present invention;
fig. 6 is an electrical schematic diagram of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a flowchart of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, creation features, achievement purposes and functions of the present invention easy to understand, the present invention is further described below with reference to the following embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, the following technical solutions are adopted in the present embodiment: intelligent integrated solid-state automatic remote measurement meteorological station system, including integrative meteorological station 1, first section support pole setting 2, second section support pole setting 3, third section support pole setting 4, solar cell panel 5, cable 6, receiver 7, data processor 8, indoor server 9 and host computer 10, integrative meteorological station 1 installs the tip at first section support pole setting 2 through cable aviation socket and aviation plug, the other end and the second section of support pole setting 3 of first section support pole setting 2 are connected, second section support pole setting 3 is fixed in the observation place through being connected with the base that third section supported pole setting 4, second section supports and is installed solar cell panel 5 on the pole setting 3, solar cell panel 5 be monocrystalline silicon solar cell panel, still be provided with wire hole 11 on the second section support pole setting 3, cable 6 links to each other with integrative meteorological station 1 and is drawn forth by wire hole 11 and is connected to indoor server 9 and is connected to solar cell panel 5, The upper computer 10, a wireless transmission module 109 arranged in the integrated weather station 1 is connected with the receiver 7 and the data processor 8, and the data processor 8 is respectively connected with the indoor server 9 and the upper computer 10; and the upper computer is provided with an upper computer software program, and is used for processing, analyzing, storing and displaying all the acquired data of the meteorological station and the real-time data acquired by all the sensors.
The integrated weather station 1 comprises a rainfall sensor 101, a support post 102, a camera 103, a data collector 104, a wind sensor 105, an air pressure sensor 106, a temperature and humidity sensor 107, a shield 108, a wireless transmission module 109, a signal lightning protection module 110, a base 111, a cable aviation socket 112, a power supply module 113 and a water drainage hole 114, the rain sensor 101 is connected with the data collector 104 through internal wiring of the supporting columns 102, the wind sensor 105 is installed on the top plane of the protective cover 108, and the wind sensor 105 is connected with the data collector 104; the air pressure sensor 106 is positioned on the left side of the bottom of the weather station, the air pressure nozzle faces outwards, the air pressure sensor 106 is connected with the data collector 104 through a supporting rod wire, the temperature and humidity sensor 107 is positioned in the middle of the bottom of the weather station, the temperature and humidity sensor 107 is connected with the data collector 104 through a supporting rod wire, the wireless transmission module 109 is positioned on the right side of the bottom of the weather station, the wireless transmission module 109 is connected with an RS232 communication port of the data collector 104, an RS485 port of the data collector 104 is connected with the signal lightning protection module 110, the output end of the signal lightning protection module 110 is connected with the cable aviation socket 112 positioned in the base 111 of the bottom of the weather station, and the cable aviation socket 112 is connected with the indoor server 9; the power module 113 arranged at the bottom of the weather station is respectively connected with the camera 103, the data acquisition unit 104, the wireless transmission module 109 and the power supply system arranged in the first section of supporting upright rod 2, and supplies power for all accessory components needing power supply in groups; the edge of the base 111 is provided with a drain hole 114.
This embodiment collects rain volume collection system, wind direction wind speed collection system, humiture collection system, atmospheric pressure collection system, cloud volume monitoring system, lightning protection system, power supply system, data acquisition processing system, data transmission system and data analysis storage display system and peripheral protector in an organic whole, form solid-state integral type automatic telemetering measurement meteorological station system, rain volume collection system, wind direction wind speed collection system, humiture collection system, atmospheric pressure collection system, cloud volume monitoring system all links to each other with data acquisition processing system and power supply system, cloud volume monitoring system is connected with power supply system and video card. This integrative solid-state form includes that temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind direction, wind speed, the signal output that atmospheric pressure collection system acquireed link to each other with data collection station through digital-to-analog conversion, and cloud amount monitoring system links to each other with the video card, forms highly integrated state, and its main system architecture and function are as follows:
(1) rainfall acquisition system: the rainfall sensor comprises a rainfall sensor 101, an antenna and a transmitting and receiving module, wherein the output signal of a rainfall acquisition system is an analog quantity, the rainfall acquisition system comprises an electromagnetic wave transmitting and receiving module and a signal conversion module which are connected with a data acquisition unit and used for measuring rainfall, the rainfall monitoring adopts a Doppler technology, and a protective shell is arranged outside the sensor and is not easy to damage; when raining, the technical principle of Doppler radar quantitative detection is utilized, the transmitting and receiving module transmits and receives electromagnetic waves through the antenna, and the intensity of received echo signals reflects the magnitude of the raininess; reflecting the position of the raindrops by using the time required for the propagation between the electromagnetic waves and the raindrops; and carrying out fixed-point and quantitative detection on rainfall through the echo intensity and the echo receiving time, and transmitting a detection signal to a data acquisition processor for processing.
(2) Wind direction wind speed collection system: the output signal is analog quantity, and real-time wind speed and wind direction are measured through a wind speed sensor and a wind box sensor; the wind direction and wind speed acquisition system consists of four wind cap sensor devices, an analog-to-digital conversion device and an electronic compass, wherein a wind sensor 105 is arranged on a second layer of the integrated meteorological station 1 and consists of four ultrasonic wind sensors at equal distances, four ultrasonic wind sensor arrays at equal intervals are formed on a horizontal plane, the precision is not influenced, and the protection can be achieved at the same time, and the wind speed and the wind direction are determined by measuring the transit time of ultrasonic waves transmitted from one transducer to the other three transducers; the wind direction and wind speed acquisition system is connected with the data acquisition system, and the wind direction is controlled by an embedded micro-processing software program through the connection of an electronic compass, so that the automatic north determination of the meteorological station can be realized.
(3) Temperature and humidity acquisition system: the device consists of a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor and a D/A conversion module, is used for measuring the current atmospheric temperature and the air relative humidity, is connected with a data acquisition unit and is arranged in a protective cover louver box, and can be taken out independently during independent verification or detection; the temperature in the temperature and humidity sensor 107 adopts PT100 platinum resistor, the humidity adopts humidity sensitive capacitor, the temperature and humidity sensor 107 is connected with the data acquisition unit 104 through the D/A conversion module, the temperature and humidity acquisition system outputs digital signals, analog quantity signals are formed, the digital air temperature and relative humidity values obtained through D/A conversion are transmitted to the data acquisition unit, and the system is sensitive in reaction and high in measurement precision.
(4) Atmospheric pressure collection system: the device is composed of an air pressure sensor 106 and a D/A analog-to-digital conversion module, the sensor is composed of an anti-electromagnetic/radio frequency interference and corrosion-resistant industrial chip and an outer cover, the measurement precision is high, an air pressure acquisition system outputs digital signals, the air pressure sensor is connected with a data acquisition unit and arranged at the bottom of a louver box, an air pressure nozzle is arranged and can be used for carrying out independent measurement and detection on the air pressure sensor, and an atmospheric pressure analog signal detected by the air pressure sensor 106 is transmitted to the data acquisition unit 104 through D/A conversion and is used for measuring an atmospheric pressure value.
(5) Cloud amount monitoring system: the device consists of three wide-angle camera devices and a video acquisition card which are arranged around the top end of a rainfall sensor, is used for replacing the manual monitoring of weather phenomena such as outdoor high-altitude cloud amount distribution and the like and the surrounding environment of equipment, and can also judge the visibility condition. This camera 103 arranges in around meteorological station top layer rainfall collection dustcoat, and the wide angle of three camera is 120, be formed with 360 full angle observation scopes, the video signal that camera 103 gathered handles through wired or wireless connection to the video capture card of upper computer 10, can detect aerial cloud cover distribution condition, the monitoring condition of weather phenomenon and equipment all ring edge borders, help the observer to know and master the cloud cover condition in current sky, can observe and save real-time monitoring information on the terminal host computer through the video signal conversion.
(6) A power supply system: the solar energy and alternating current hybrid charging controller is integrated on the first section of supporting upright rod 2, a power supply system comprises a solar panel 5, a storage battery 12, a solar alternating current and alternating current hybrid charging controller 13 and an alternating current 220V power supply, the solar panel 5 is connected with the storage battery 12, and the storage battery 12 adopts a DC12V lithium battery pack; the alternating current 220V power supply, the solar cell panel 5 and the storage battery 12 are all connected with the solar alternating current complementary charging controller 13, and the solar alternating current complementary charging controller 13 is used for preventing overcharge and over-discharge of a protection battery and automatically switching the alternating current power supply mode and the solar power supply mode. The solar alternating current complementary charging controller 13 is connected with the data collector 104, the wireless transmission module 109 and each sensor through the DC conversion module, the solar alternating current complementary charging controller 13 is connected with the DC conversion module to supply power to the data collector, each sensor and the data transmission module, the storage battery can be charged while the equipment works, the continuous and uninterrupted work of the equipment in the absence of alternating current is met, and the unattended state is realized; and the solar alternating current complementary charging controller 13 is arranged at the connection position of the bottom in the first section of supporting upright rod 2 and the second section of upright rod. The power supply system also comprises a DC conversion module, wherein the DC conversion module is arranged in the data acquisition device in order to meet different working voltages of various components.
It is worth noting that the two ends of the first section of supporting upright rod 2 are fixed adapter plates 14, connected with the wireless transmission module 109 through the adapter plates 14 and connected with the signal end of the data cable to the indoor computer, so that the fixed state of signal output, direct current power supply and voltage input of the solar cell panel is guaranteed, and the fixed state cannot be influenced by factors such as low temperature, transportation, installation collision and the like; a wiring pipe 15 is arranged in the pipe of the first section of supporting upright stanchion 2; first section support pole setting 2 intussuseption be equipped with rock wool heat preservation 16, rock wool heat preservation 16 parcel is in the periphery of battery 12, can improve the battery well because of the electric quantity storage and the conversion efficiency when the low temperature.
In addition, the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the storage battery 12 are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the battery end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller 13, the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the solar panel 5 are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the solar end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller 13, and the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the alternating current 220V power supply are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the commercial power end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller 13; the positive and negative inputs of the battery 12 are connected with a power module 113 of the weather station.
(7) The data acquisition and processing system comprises: the system comprises an industrial-grade micro-processing single chip microcomputer, a constant-voltage transverse flow module, a D/A (digital/analog) digital-to-analog conversion module, a storage module, a data acquisition channel, an auxiliary circuit, embedded software and the like, is suitable for various severe environments, and has the characteristics of high reliability, high accuracy, easiness in maintenance and easiness in backup. The micro-processing single chip microcomputer connects signals acquired by the meteorological element sensor to the data acquisition unit through an installed embedded software program, and transmits meteorological information to a user side through the signal lightning protection module, the wireless transmission module and the cable in a wired or wireless mode after data acquisition, conversion, processing, analysis and storage are carried out through the data acquisition unit.
(8) A data transmission system: the system comprises a cable 6, a receiver 7 and a data processor 8, wherein data transmission comprises wired transmission and wireless transmission and is connected with an indoor equipment server and a data terminal; the cable 6 is in wired transmission and is connected with the indoor server 9 and the upper computer 10 through a data cable, and the cable 6 can be replaced by an optical fiber; the receiver 7 and the data processor 8 are in wireless transmission, and the digital output signals of the weather station are transmitted to the indoor server 9 through the receiver 7 and the data processor 8 by the wireless transmission module 109 and are connected with the upper computer 10; the wireless transmission module 109 adopts a GPRS or Beidou module.
(9) Data analysis storage display system: the system comprises a server, a terminal, system software and a wireless receiving device, wherein acquired meteorological element information is transmitted to a network server and the terminal in a wired and GPRS/Beidou wireless mode after data acquisition, and the terminal and an embedded software technology are used for analyzing, processing, storing and displaying meteorological data, so that the efficiency and reliability of the meteorological data are ensured, and meanwhile, the forecaster can know and master the current meteorological conditions.
(10) Peripheral protection device: the protective cover is arranged on the outermost layer of the weather station and comprises a protective cover 108, the protective cover is made of polycarbonate and 2020% of glass fiber, the protective cover is firm, durable and non-discoloring, and the wind direction and wind speed acquisition system, the temperature and humidity acquisition system, the atmospheric pressure acquisition system, the cloud amount monitoring system, the data acquisition and processing system, the power supply module and the wireless conversion module are all arranged in the protective cover 108 to form a highly integrated solid-state integration. The protection casing has the shutter grid, can play fine guard action to each sensor and accessory in placing the shutter box, protects equipment itself, is difficult for receiving the external influence and suffers the damage, still can make each meteorological element value that each sensor gathered more stable and accurate, and the precision is higher.
The integrated intelligent meteorological station system is formed by optimizing and reasonably arranging the components, each meteorological element sensor is connected with a data collector, signals acquired by each meteorological sensor are analyzed, processed and stored by a data collector microprocessor through embedded software program control to form an RS232 signal and an RS485 signal, the data collector is transmitted to a wireless communication module through the RS232 signal and is sent to indoor wireless receiving equipment through the wireless communication module, then the wireless receiving equipment transmits the signals to a network server and a data display terminal, and the other RS485 signal is sent to the indoor network server and the data display terminal through a signal lightning protection module in a wired mode; the wireless communication module is arranged in the data acquisition system device. The intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetering weather station system can realize all-weather uninterrupted real-time acquisition of reliable and accurate weather information through the configuration, and transmits the information to forecast service personnel through the data display processing terminal.
In the embodiment, the data acquisition device is connected with each meteorological sensor, so that the weather phenomena such as rainfall, temperature, humidity, wind direction, wind speed, air pressure, cloud cover and the like and the real-time monitoring of the surrounding environment are realized, meanwhile, the uninterrupted power supply of equipment is realized through alternating current and solar complementary power supply, and the meteorological values acquired by the meteorological station are connected to the network platform and the data processing terminal in a wired or wireless transmission system mode; other meteorological element sensors can be added to the meteorological station according to requirements, which cannot be realized by the existing meteorological station. The system solves the functional problem to be realized by the existing manual observation, the automatic telemetering observation is realized by that an observer utilizes an intelligent automatic telemetering meteorological station system to uninterruptedly monitor the weather phenomenon in real time, and utilizes a terminal analysis platform to timely and effectively analyze and process the acquired weather phenomenon numerical value and automatically form a report, thereby greatly improving the accuracy of numerical forecasting and the working efficiency of business personnel. The technical advantages of this system are as follows:
the integrated unit protection device has reasonable appearance design, can effectively protect each integrated unit, and improves the reliability, safety, maintainability, testability, supportability and environmental adaptability of equipment.
And the rainfall, the atmospheric temperature, the atmospheric relative humidity, the atmospheric pressure, the wind direction, the wind speed, the cloud cover and the surrounding environment can be automatically monitored without manual watching.
Through the complementary power supply system of alternating current solar energy, reduce the consumption, can supply power for whole weather station system under the condition of no alternating current power supply, realized that integrative weather station of intelligence can carry out real-time supervision to required weather information under unmanned on duty's the condition in succession.
And fourthly, other external sensors can be configured, so that the user can comprehensively monitor the surrounding meteorological conditions.
The wireless and wired transmission mode and the unattended function are realized, the fixed, portable and mobile installation and use modes in various forms are also realized, the system can be widely applied to the fields of military affairs, weather, hydrology, aviation, navigation, emergency rescue, vehicle-mounted observation, fixed observation and the like, a user can timely and accurately know and master real-time weather information, and the system has wide market application prospect.
The basic principles and the main features of the invention and the advantages of the invention have been shown and described above. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and that the foregoing embodiments and descriptions are provided only to illustrate the principles of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (9)

1. An intelligent integrated solid-state automatic remote-measuring meteorological station system is characterized by comprising an integrated meteorological station (1), a first section of supporting upright stanchion (2), a second section of supporting upright stanchion (3), a third section of supporting upright stanchion (4), a solar cell panel (5), a cable (6), a receiver (7), a data processor (8), an indoor server (9) and an upper computer (10), wherein the integrated meteorological station (1) is installed at the end part of the first section of supporting upright stanchion (2) through a cable aviation socket and an aviation plug, the other end of the first section of supporting upright stanchion (2) is connected with the second section of supporting upright stanchion (3), the second section of supporting upright stanchion (3) is fixed at an observation site through being connected with the base of the third section of supporting upright stanchion (4), the solar cell panel (5) is installed on the second section of supporting upright stanchion (3), a wire outlet hole (11) is further arranged on the second section of supporting upright stanchion (3), the cable (6) is connected with the integrated weather station (1) and is led out from a wire outlet hole (11) to be connected with the indoor server (9) and the upper computer (10), a wireless transmission module (109) arranged in the integrated weather station (1) is connected with the receiver (7) and the data processor (8), and the data processor (8) is respectively connected with the indoor server (9) and the upper computer (10);
the integrated meteorological station (1) comprises a rainfall sensor (101), supporting columns (102), cameras (103), a data collector (104), a wind sensor (105), an air pressure sensor (106), a temperature and humidity sensor (107), a protective cover (108), a wireless transmission module (109), a signal lightning protection module (110), a base (111), a cable aviation socket (112), a power supply module (113) and a drain hole (114), wherein the data collector (104), the air pressure sensor (106), the temperature and humidity sensor (107), the wireless transmission module (109), the signal lightning protection module (110) and the power supply module (113) are all arranged inside the protective cover (108), the base (111) is arranged at the bottom of the protective cover (108), a plurality of supporting columns (102) are fixed at the upper end of the protective cover (108), and the rainfall sensor (101) and the three cameras (103) are arranged at the tops of the supporting columns (102, the rainfall sensor (101) is connected with the data collector (104) through internal wiring of the supporting column (102), the top plane of the protective cover (108) is provided with the wind sensor (105), and the wind sensor (105) is connected with the data collector (104); the air pressure sensor (106) is located on the left side of the bottom of the weather station, an air pressure nozzle faces outwards, the air pressure sensor (106) is connected with the data collector (104) through a supporting rod wire, the temperature and humidity sensor (107) is located in the middle of the bottom of the weather station, the temperature and humidity sensor (107) is connected with the data collector (104) through a supporting rod wire, the wireless transmission module (109) is located on the right side of the bottom of the weather station, the wireless transmission module (109) is connected with an RS232 communication port of the data collector (104), an RS485 port of the data collector (104) is connected with the signal lightning protection module (110), an output end of the signal lightning protection module (110) is connected with a cable aviation socket (112) located in a base (111) of the bottom of the weather station, and the cable aviation socket (112) is connected with the indoor server (9) and the upper computer (; the power module (113) arranged at the bottom of the weather station is respectively connected with the camera (103), the data acquisition unit (104), the wireless transmission module (109) and a power supply system arranged in the first section of supporting upright rod (2); the edge of the base (111) is provided with a drain hole (114).
2. The intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetry weather station system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cameras (103) are placed around a top rain collection housing of the weather station, the wide angles of the three cameras are all 120 °, a cloud monitoring system with a 360 ° monitoring range is formed, and the cameras (103) are connected to a video collection card of the upper computer (10) through wires or wirelessly.
3. The intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetry weather station system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the wind sensor (105) is disposed on the second floor of the integrated weather station (1) and is composed of four ultrasonic wind sensors at equal distances, and four ultrasonic wind sensor arrays at equal intervals are formed on the horizontal plane.
4. The intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetry weather station system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the temperature and humidity sensor (107) adopts a PT100 platinum resistor, the humidity adopts a humidity sensitive capacitor, and the temperature and humidity sensor (107) is connected with the data collector (104) through a D/A conversion module.
5. The intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetry meteorological station system according to claim 1, wherein the cable (6), the receiver (7) and the data processor (8) form a data transmission system of the meteorological station, the cable (6) is in a wired transmission mode, the integrated meteorological station (1) is connected with the indoor server (9) and the upper computer (10) through the cable (6), and the cable (6) can be replaced by an optical fiber; the receiver (7) and the data processor (8) are in a wireless transmission mode, and the wireless transmission module (109) is connected with the indoor server (9) and the upper computer (10) through the receiver (7) and the data processor (8).
6. The integrated intelligent solid-state automatic telemetry weather station system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the wireless transmission module (109) is a GPRS or Beidou module.
7. The intelligent integrated solid-state automatic remote-measuring meteorological station system according to claim 1, wherein the power supply system is integrated on a first section of supporting vertical rod (2), two ends of the first section of supporting vertical rod (2) are provided with fixed adapter plates (14) and are connected with the wireless transmission module (109) through the adapter plates (14), a wiring pipe (15) is arranged in the pipe of the first section of supporting vertical rod (2), the power supply system comprises a solar cell panel (5), a storage battery (12), a solar alternating current and alternating current complementary charging controller (13) and an alternating current 220V power supply, the solar cell panel (5) is connected with the storage battery (12), the alternating current 220V power supply, the solar cell panel (5) and the storage battery (12) are connected with a solar alternating current and alternating current complementary charging controller (13), and the solar alternating current and alternating current complementary charging controller (13) is connected with the data collector (104) through a DC conversion module, The wireless transmission module (109) is connected with each sensor, and the solar alternating current complementary charging controller (13) is arranged at the connection position of the bottom in the first section of supporting upright stanchion (2) and the second section of upright stanchion; the storage battery (12) adopts a DC12V lithium battery pack.
8. The intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetry meteorological station system according to claim 7, wherein the first section of supporting vertical rod (2) is filled with a rock wool insulating layer (16), and the rock wool insulating layer (16) is wrapped on the periphery of the storage battery (12).
9. The intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetering weather station system according to claim 7, wherein the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the storage battery (12) are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the battery end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller (13), the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the solar panel (5) are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the solar end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller (13), and the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the alternating current 220V power supply are respectively connected with the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the commercial power end of the solar alternating current complementary charging controller (13); the positive pole and the negative pole of the storage battery (12) are connected with a power module (113) of the weather station.
CN202022158164.0U 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Intelligent integrated solid-state automatic telemetering meteorological station system Active CN213302548U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113484935A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-10-08 张东 Internet of things maintenance-free comprehensive weather station

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113484935A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-10-08 张东 Internet of things maintenance-free comprehensive weather station

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