CN201593730U - LED light mixing lamp for arethusa cultivation - Google Patents

LED light mixing lamp for arethusa cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201593730U
CN201593730U CN2010201057790U CN201020105779U CN201593730U CN 201593730 U CN201593730 U CN 201593730U CN 2010201057790 U CN2010201057790 U CN 2010201057790U CN 201020105779 U CN201020105779 U CN 201020105779U CN 201593730 U CN201593730 U CN 201593730U
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China
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light
led
red
blue
leds
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CN2010201057790U
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Inventor
潘学冬
周泓
李许可
王文海
黄华宏
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HANGZHOU HANHUI OPTOELECTRONIC Tech CO Ltd
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HANGZHOU HANHUI OPTOELECTRONIC Tech CO Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an LED light mixing lamp for arethusa cultivation. The prior art lacks of the LED lamp which can be directly applied to the arethusa cultivation, especially Dendrobium candidum wall.ex Lindl., ornamental Dendrobium and moth orchid. The LED light mixing lamp for arethusa cultivation is characterized in that a plurality of red LEDs and a plurality of blue LEDs form a plurality of units; each unit comprises three blue LEDs and eight red LEDs which are distributed around the three blue LEDs in an oval or circle way; the three blue LEDs are gathered and distributed in a regular triangle way; and the eight red LEDs are distributed at interval. The utility model realizes adjustable light quality and light cycle through controlling the red LEDS and blue LEDs to turn on or turn off by the particular arrangement method of the lamp, and can generate uniform LED mixing light for arethusa cultivation.

Description

The LED Light mixed light fixture that is used for the training of orchid group
Technical field
The utility model relates to the LED Light mixed light fixture, particularly a kind of LED Light mixed light fixture that is used for the training of orchid group.
Background technology
The illumination master that growth and development of plant needs often relies on sunshine, but the batch production production of other industrial crops such as vegetables, flowers, medicinal plant, tissue are cultivated etc. and also need be carried out artificial light source and replenish illumination.The light application time of considering seasons such as late fall, winter, spring especially is shorter relatively, the serious light that lacks in the warmhouse booth, and crop can not normal growth, meets cloudy day, greasy weather, sleet sky as connecting, and plant growth is subjected to, and to influence meeting more serious.Therefore, adopting artificial light source is the effective way that promotes the plant growth at the indoor crop light filling of directly giving of canopy, and energy-efficiently to the theoretical foundation of the plant light filling theory that mainly to be plant absorb the selectivity of light.In recent years, people are making great efforts the absorption spectrum of simulating plant always, in the hope of developing certain light source, make its emission spectrum to greatest extent near the absorption spectrum of plant to produce RESONANCE ABSORPTION, impel photosynthesis to carry out efficiently.
Plant tissue culture technique has last 100 years history, realizes that by tissue culture technique the research of important economic plants batch production production is in the ascendant.On the other hand, about the improvement of Plant Tissue Breeding artificial light source then mainly concentrate on research and development than the artificial light source of low heat emission and greater efficiency reducing cost, and it is required to meet the plant growth.At present, the artificial light source that domestic plant tissue culture mainly adopts is incandescent lamp, fluorescent lamp, sodium vapor lamp, high-pressure sodium lamp etc., but the emission spectrum of these artificial light sources can not satisfy the option demand of plant growth to light well, light filling efficient is low, the life-span of fluorescent tube and luminous efficiency are all not ideal enough, the fluorescent tube caloric value greatly also needs other power consumption to remove, so that whole power consumption cost is quite high.
External and Taiwan utilizes the Primary Study of led light source to confirm to utilize led light source can effectively improve increment and the quality of plant as the greenhouse artificial light source.Compare with traditional artificial light source, LED has that adjustable lay the grain is strong, spectrum, cooling load is low, electro-optical efficiency is high, volume is little, the life-span is long, use direct current and can set specific wavelength, wavelength and characteristics such as fix, and do not contain harmful gas, environmental-protecting performance is good, and training is an a kind of fit closely artificial light source system for the group of plant.
Dendrobium candidum, to view and admire orchid related industries such as the stem of noble dendrobium, iris be that critical positions is arranged on China's medicine, the flowers industry, and along with rapid economy development, its scale and the output value will further enlarge and improve.Analyze existing production status, several urgency problem to be solved also occurred in these orchid seedling breeding processes, the one, because high energy consumption causes the production cost height, the 2nd, the seedling cultivation period is long, is difficult to satisfy medicinal herb grower's cultivation demand.Lack in the prior art and be applied directly to orchid, especially dendrobium candidum, view and admire the LED light fixture of the group training usefulness of the stem of noble dendrobium, iris.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to overcome the defective that above-mentioned prior art exists, be provided for the LED Light mixed light fixture of orchid group training, particular arrangement mode by lamp realizes light quality and photoperiodic adjusting, thereby produces the LED mixed light light that is fit to orchid group training usefulness uniformly.
For this reason, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows: a kind of LED Light mixed light fixture that is used for the training of orchid group, comprise lamp socket, be placed on a plurality of red-light LEDs and a plurality of blue-ray LED on the lamp socket, it is characterized in that described a plurality of red-light LED and a plurality of blue-ray LED form a plurality of unit; Each unit comprises 3 blue-ray LEDs and is 8 red-light LEDs oval or that circle distributes around described 3 blue-ray LEDs, the equilateral triangle distribution is assembled and be to described 3 blue-ray LEDs, described 8 red-light LEDs are spaced apart, wherein 4 red-light LEDs are divided into one group, other 4 red-light LEDs are divided into another group, 4 rectangular distributions of red-light LED in every group.Use ruddiness and blue light high brightness LED (LED) to set up adjustable lay the grain amount, spectrum, give the artificial light source of light frequency, the light of continuous flicker free or the light of high frequency flicker can optionally be provided with the work ratio.3 blue-ray LED triangularities are arranged, and flock together, and can be good at providing light source, make the whole LED lamp luminescence even.The particular arrangement mode of the utility model by lamp by the lighting or extinguish of control red-light LED and blue-ray LED, realizes light quality and photoperiodic adjustable, can produce to be fit to the LED mixed light light that the orchid group is trained usefulness uniformly.
As the further of technique scheme improved and replenish, the utility model is taked following technical measures:
The LED of most peripheral is a red-light LED on the lamp socket, 2 red-light LEDs of the adjacent cells opposite edge ragged edge that 2 red-light LEDs of every limit ragged edge also are this unit in each unit.
In each unit, the central point of two rectangles overlaps with the central point of equilateral triangle, and the distance between the adjacent cells is come adjustable range according to the length and width size of LED Light mixed light fixture between 1.3-5cm.
In each unit, 8 red-light LEDs be divided into 2 groups are respectively by a controller control, 3 blue-ray LEDs are respectively by three controller controls, lighting or extinguish by control red-light LED and blue-ray LED, realize that ruddiness and blue light ratio are the preferred light quality of 4: 1,4: 2,4: 3,8: 1,8: 2 or 8: 3, are specially adapted to as dendrobium candidum, view and admire orchids group trainings such as the stem of noble dendrobium, iris.The centre wavelength of red-light LED is 630nm, and the centre wavelength of blue-ray LED is 460nm.
The utility model is by the particular arrangement mode of lamp, can require to regulate according to reality, realized light quality and photoperiodic adjustable, can satisfy the orchid different growth periods, can satisfy dendrobium candidum especially, view and admire the stem of noble dendrobium, the light requirement requirement in the iris different growth periods, greatly shortened the seedling cultivation period; The utility model is in conjunction with orchid light requirement characteristics such as dendrobium candidums, develop its group training special light source system, breed problems such as the middle high energy consumption that occurs, cycle length for its resource of solution, and quick, the important realistic meaning of sustainable development tool that promote related industry.
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with specification drawings and specific embodiments.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structure enlarged drawing of a unit among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of distance between each red-light LED, the blue-ray LED among Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is that ruddiness and blue light ratio are 4: 1 effect schematic diagram among Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is that ruddiness and blue light ratio are 4: 2 effect schematic diagram among Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is that ruddiness and blue light ratio are 4: 3 effect schematic diagram among Fig. 2.
Fig. 7 is that ruddiness and blue light ratio are 8: 1 effect schematic diagram among Fig. 2.
Fig. 8 is that ruddiness and blue light ratio are 8: 2 effect schematic diagram among Fig. 2.
Fig. 9 is that ruddiness and blue light ratio are 8: 3 effect schematic diagram among Fig. 2.
In above-mentioned figure, Expression red-light LED (also can represent to extinguish), Expression blue-ray LED (also can represent to extinguish), The expression red-light LED is lighted, The expression blue-ray LED is lighted.
The specific embodiment
The LED Light mixed light fixture that is used for the training of orchid group as shown in Figure 1, features of shape according to orchid itself, red-light LED 2 and 168 blue-ray LEDs 3 that centre wavelength is 460nm that on the lamp socket 1 254 centre wavelengths to be installed be 630nm, can form 56 unit that size shape is identical, each unit is formed by being oval 8 red-light LEDs that distribute and being positioned at oval 3 inner blue-ray LEDs.In 56 same units, transversely arranged 8 unit, 7 unit of vertical array, each cell configuration structure is identical.In each unit, 3 blue-ray LEDs flock together and are equilateral triangle and distribute, and the line of the central point of these 3 blue-ray LEDs also forms an equilateral triangle; Described 8 red-light LEDs are spaced apart, and wherein 4 red-light LEDs are divided into one group, and other 4 red-light LEDs are divided into another group, 4 rectangular distributions of red-light LED in every group.
Lamp socket can be arranged to rectangle, perhaps square of other sizes etc., be preferably the square that the length of side equates, the length and width size is best to be 30cm * 30cm (LED Light mixed light fixture length and width size all can be increased to 50cm, and the distance between the adjacent cells also can change between 1.3-5cm).
The most peripheral of light fixture uses red-light LED, red-light LED is shared by adjacent cells in each unit, 2 red-light LEDs of every limit ragged edge also are 2 red-light LEDs of this unit adjacent cells opposite edge ragged edge, be that rightmost 2 red-light LEDs also are leftmost 2 red-light LEDs of this unit the right adjacent cells in each unit, leftmost 2 red-light LEDs are rightmost 2 red-light LEDs of this left side, unit adjacent cells in each unit, bottom 2 red-light LEDs also are the following adjacent cells in this unit 2 red-light LEDs topmost in each unit, and topmost 2 red-light LEDs also are this top, unit adjacent cells 2 red-light LEDs bottom in each unit.
In Fig. 1, the distance in the left and right adjacent cells between the blue-ray LED center of two correspondences is 3.52cm (being d1, d2, d3), and the distance in the upper and lower adjacent cells between the blue-ray LED center of two correspondences is 4.08cm (being d4, d5, d6).
A unit is as shown in Figure 2 formed by 3 blue-ray LEDs that flock together and 8 red-light LEDs being centered around around these three blue-ray LEDs.3 blue-ray LEDs are respectively blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32,33,3 blue-ray LEDs of blue-ray LED and are triangularly arranged, and preferably closely arrange, and flock together, and can be good at providing light source, make the whole LED lamp luminescence even.For easy for installation, between blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32, the blue-ray LED 33 a little interval can be arranged usually, but the centre of luminescence of each blue-ray LED still is positioned at the top at three angles of equilateral triangle.8 red-light LEDs are respectively red-light LED 11, red-light LED 12, red-light LED 13, red-light LED 14, red-light LED 21, red-light LED 22, red-light LED 23, red-light LED 24.The centre of luminescence of 8 red-light LEDs is distributed on the limit of an ellipse, and arranged clockwise is red-light LED 11, red-light LED 12, red-light LED 22, red-light LED 23, red-light LED 13, red-light LED 14, red-light LED 24, red-light LED 21 in proper order.Close together between the red-light LED 11,21, close together between the red-light LED 12,22, close together between close together, the red-light LED 14,24 between the red-light LED 13,23, wherein red-light LED 11,12,13,14 is one group, forms a rectangle.Red-light LED 21,22,23,24 is one group, forms a rectangle.The central point of these two rectangles overlaps with the central point of 3 blue-ray LEDs.The centre of luminescence point of red-light LED 11 is A, the centre of luminescence point of red-light LED 21 is B, the centre of luminescence point of red-light LED 12 is C, the centre of luminescence point of red-light LED 22 is D, the centre of luminescence point of red-light LED 13 is E, the centre of luminescence point of red-light LED 23 is F, and the centre of luminescence point of red-light LED 14 is G, and the centre of luminescence point of red-light LED 24 is H.Between A, the C is 2.18cm apart from d7, and between C, the F is 4.07cm apart from d8, and between B, the D is 3.52cm apart from d9, and between D, the E is 2.74cm apart from d10, as shown in Figure 3.
8 red-light LEDs of each unit are formed 2 groups, are the intelligent controller control of core by one by microprocessor respectively.Wherein red-light LED 11,12,13,14 is one group, red-light LED 21,22,23,24 is one group, blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32, blue-ray LED 33 are then controlled by controller respectively, thereby can realize that ruddiness is 4: 1,4: 2,4: 3,8: 1,8: 2,8: 3 with the blue light ratio in the individual unit, and such implementation is combination arbitrarily.Can be in 11,12,13,14 and three blue-ray LEDs of one group of red-light LED any one to be combined to form ruddiness be 4: 1 with the blue light ratio, also can be that to be combined to form ruddiness be 4: 1 with the blue light ratio in 21,22,23,24 and three blue-ray LEDs of another group red-light LED any one.When realizing that ruddiness is 4: 2 with the blue light ratio, can be any one combination in any a group and three blue-ray LEDs in two groups of red-light LEDs.When realizing that ruddiness is 4: 3 with the blue light ratio, can be the combination of any one group and three blue-ray LED in two groups of red-light LEDs.When realizing that ruddiness is 8: 1 with the blue light ratio, can be any one combination in two groups of red-light LEDs and three blue-ray LEDs.When realizing that ruddiness is 8: 2 with the blue light ratio, can be any two combinations in two groups of red-light LEDs and three blue-ray LEDs.When realizing that ruddiness is 8: 3 with the blue light ratio, be two groups of red-light LEDs and three blue-ray LED combinations.
According to the growth characteristics of orchid, especially dendrobium candidum, view and admire the training of orchids such as the stem of noble dendrobium, iris group, following several preferable light lighting mode is arranged.
Fig. 4 represents is ruddiness and the blue light ratio is 4: 1 a design sketch, and what wherein light is red-light LED 11,12,13,14 and blue-ray LED 31.When red-light LED in all unit 11,12,13,14 and blue-ray LED 31 were lighted, the ratio between red in the whole light fixture, the blue light was 128: 56.
Fig. 5 represents is ruddiness and the blue light ratio is 4: 2 a design sketch, and what wherein light is red-light LED 11,12,13,14 and blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32.When red-light LED in all unit 11,12,13,14 and blue-ray LED 31, when blue-ray LED 32 is lighted, the ratio between red in the whole light fixture, the blue light is 128: 112.
Fig. 6 represents is ruddiness and the blue light ratio is 4: 3 a design sketch, and what wherein light is red-light LED 11,12,13,14 and blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32, blue-ray LED 33.When red-light LED in all unit 11,12,13,14 and blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32, when blue-ray LED 33 is lighted, the ratio between red in the whole light fixture, the blue light is 128: 168.
Fig. 7 represents is ruddiness and the blue light ratio is 8: 12 a design sketch, and wherein two groups of red-light LEDs 11,12,13,14 and LED 21,22,23,24 light, and blue-ray LED 31 is lighted.When red-light LED in all unit 11,12,13,14 and LED 21,22,23,24 and blue-ray LED 31 were lighted, the ratio between red in the whole light fixture, the blue light was 254: 56.
Fig. 8 represents is ruddiness and the blue light ratio is 8: 2 a design sketch, and wherein two groups of red-light LEDs 11,12,13,14 and LED 21,22,23,24 light, and blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32 are lighted.When red-light LED in all unit 11,12,13,14 and LED 21,22,23,24 and blue-ray LED 31, when blue-ray LED 32 is lighted, the ratio between red in the whole light fixture, the blue light is 254: 112.
Fig. 9 represents is ruddiness and the blue light ratio is 8: 3 a design sketch, and wherein two groups of ruddiness 11,12,13,14 and 21,22,23,24 are all lighted, and blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32, blue-ray LED 33 are lighted.When red-light LED in all unit 11,12,13,14 and LED 21,22,23,24 and blue-ray LED 31, blue-ray LED 32, when blue-ray LED 33 is lighted, the ratio between red in the whole light fixture, the blue light is 254: 168.

Claims (4)

1. be used for the LED Light mixed light fixture of orchid group training, comprise lamp socket, be placed on a plurality of red-light LEDs and a plurality of blue-ray LED on the lamp socket, it is characterized in that described a plurality of red-light LED and a plurality of blue-ray LED form a plurality of unit; Each unit comprises 3 blue-ray LEDs and is 8 red-light LEDs oval or that circle distributes around described 3 blue-ray LEDs, the equilateral triangle distribution is assembled and be to described 3 blue-ray LEDs, described 8 red-light LEDs are spaced apart, wherein 4 red-light LEDs are divided into one group, other 4 red-light LEDs are divided into another group, 4 rectangular distributions of red-light LED in every group.
2. LED Light mixed light fixture according to claim 1, the LED that it is characterized in that most peripheral on the lamp socket is a red-light LED, 2 red-light LEDs of the adjacent cells opposite edge ragged edge that 2 red-light LEDs of every limit ragged edge also are this unit in each unit.
3. LED Light mixed light fixture according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that in each unit that the central point of two rectangles overlaps with the central point of equilateral triangle, and the distance between the adjacent cells is between 1.3-5cm.
4. LED Light mixed light fixture according to claim 3,2 groups that it is characterized in that 8 red-light LEDs of each unit are divided into respectively by a controller control, and 3 blue-ray LEDs are respectively by three controllers controls.
CN2010201057790U 2010-01-28 2010-01-28 LED light mixing lamp for arethusa cultivation Expired - Lifetime CN201593730U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101852368B (en) * 2010-01-28 2011-07-27 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 LED blended-light lamp used for tissue culture of orchids
CN102138464A (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-08-03 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 Light supplement method for greenhouse plant cultivation
CN102647833A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-22 上海欣丰电子有限公司 Smart illumination control system for artificial cultivation of dendrobium candidum
CN103574489A (en) * 2012-07-31 2014-02-12 无锡华兆泓光电科技有限公司 LED (light emitting diode) light source for plant growth
TWI511662B (en) * 2013-05-24 2015-12-11 Nat Univ Kaohsiung Orchid spike induction method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101852368B (en) * 2010-01-28 2011-07-27 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 LED blended-light lamp used for tissue culture of orchids
WO2011091760A1 (en) * 2010-01-28 2011-08-04 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 Led lamp for tissue culture of arethusa
CN102138464A (en) * 2010-12-14 2011-08-03 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 Light supplement method for greenhouse plant cultivation
CN102647833A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-22 上海欣丰电子有限公司 Smart illumination control system for artificial cultivation of dendrobium candidum
CN103574489A (en) * 2012-07-31 2014-02-12 无锡华兆泓光电科技有限公司 LED (light emitting diode) light source for plant growth
CN103574489B (en) * 2012-07-31 2015-05-13 无锡华兆泓光电科技有限公司 LED (light emitting diode) light source for plant growth
TWI511662B (en) * 2013-05-24 2015-12-11 Nat Univ Kaohsiung Orchid spike induction method

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Granted publication date: 20100929

Effective date of abandoning: 20100128