TWI511662B - Orchid spike induction method - Google Patents

Orchid spike induction method Download PDF

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TWI511662B
TWI511662B TW102118512A TW102118512A TWI511662B TW I511662 B TWI511662 B TW I511662B TW 102118512 A TW102118512 A TW 102118512A TW 102118512 A TW102118512 A TW 102118512A TW I511662 B TWI511662 B TW I511662B
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orchid
light
seedling
module
emitting diode
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TW102118512A
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TW201444468A (en
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heng long Wang
Chun Hsien Lu
Yo Ching Liu
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Nat Univ Kaohsiung
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蘭花誘導抽梗方法Orchid induced stalking method

本發明係關於一種蘭花誘導抽梗方法;特別是關於一種利用補充光照進行蘭花誘導抽梗方法;更特別是關於一種利用發光二極體〔light emitting diode,LED〕紅光或藍光補充光照進行蘭花誘導抽梗方法。The invention relates to a method for inducing stem in orchids; in particular to a method for extracting orchids by supplemental illumination; more particularly, a method for supplementing illumination with red light or blue light by using light emitting diode (LED) Inducing a method of stalking.

習用花卉催梗系統,如中華民國專利公告第M406348號〝花卉催梗栽培系統〞新型專利,其揭示一種花卉催梗栽培系統包含:一植床架之一側具一出入口,該植床架上放置一植床;一軌道設置於該植床架之出入口側,該軌道設有一剎車感測模組;一台車骨架之底端藉滾輪架設於該軌道上,該台車骨架受一驅動機構驅動於該軌道上位移,該台車骨架內部底端向上突設一托架,該托架兩側設有與軌道順向排列的滑輪,其中一組滑輪為一驅動滑輪;一承盤架設置於該台車骨架內,該承盤架受一升降機構驅動於該台車骨架內進行上下位移,該承盤架內設有一推挽機構可將植床由該承盤架推入該植床架內或拉出;一控制裝置配合該剎車感測模組控制該驅動機構、驅動滑輪、升降機構及推挽機構之動作或停止及作動順位。Conventional flower stalking system, such as the Republic of China Patent Announcement No. M406348 〝 flower stalk cultivation system 〞 new patent, which discloses a flower stalk cultivation system comprising: one of the plant bed frame side with an entrance and exit, the plant bed frame a plant bed is placed; a track is disposed on the entrance and exit side of the plant bed frame, and the track is provided with a brake sensing module; a bottom end of a car frame is erected on the track by a roller, and the frame of the car is driven by a driving mechanism Displaced in the track, a bracket is protruded upward from the bottom end of the frame of the trolley, and two sides of the bracket are arranged with pulleys arranged in the direction of the track, wherein one set of pulleys is a driving pulley; a tray is disposed on the trolley In the skeleton, the tray frame is driven by the lifting mechanism to be vertically displaced in the frame of the trolley, and a push-pull mechanism is arranged in the tray frame to push the plant bed into the plant bed frame or pull out A control device cooperates with the brake sensing module to control the action or stop and the actuating position of the driving mechanism, the driving pulley, the lifting mechanism and the push-pull mechanism.

然而,前述第M406348號之花卉催梗栽培系統僅單純提供催梗栽培機械架構,並非利用補充光照方式進行花卉誘導抽梗系統或具有類似光照誘導抽梗功能。因此,習用花卉催梗栽培系統必然存在進一步提供利用補充光照花卉誘導抽梗之需求。However, the above-mentioned flower stimulating cultivation system of No. M406348 merely provides a mechanical structure for stimulating cultivation, and does not use a supplementary illumination method for a flower-induced stalking system or a similar light-induced stalking function. Therefore, the conventional flower stalk cultivation system inevitably has the need to further provide the use of supplemental illumination flowers to induce stalks.

另一習用蝴蝶蘭帶梗苗培育裝置,如中華民國 專利公開第201143605號〝高坪效培育蝴蝶蘭帶梗苗之方法及其培育裝置〞發明專利申請案,其揭示一種高坪效培育蝴蝶蘭帶梗苗之方法及其培育裝置。該培育裝置包含一培育室,其內部溫度受一空調設備所調控;一具複層式植床架設置於該培育室內,且每一植床內可放置大量蝴蝶蘭種苗;一光照架固定於每一該植床上方,利用人工光源對該植床上之蝴蝶蘭種苗進行光照。每一該植床上之蝴蝶蘭種苗接受溫度17至25℃及光照強度1000至11000Lux條件下之調控而成長。Another customary butterfly orchid seedling cultivation device, such as the Republic of China Patent Publication No. 201143605 〝 Gao Ping Effect Breeding Phalaenopsis stalk seedlings method and breeding device thereof 〞 Invention patent application, which discloses a method for cultivating Phalaenopsis sinensis seedlings with high grading effect and a cultivating device thereof. The cultivating device comprises a cultivating chamber, wherein the internal temperature is regulated by an air conditioning device; a stratified planting frame is arranged in the cultivating chamber, and a large number of phalaenopsis seedlings can be placed in each planting bed; On each of the plant beds, the artificial blue light is used to illuminate the Phalaenopsis seedlings on the plant bed. Each of the Phalaenopsis seedlings on the plant bed is grown under the control of a temperature of 17 to 25 ° C and an illumination intensity of 1000 to 11,000 Lux.

然而,前述第201143605號之蝴蝶蘭帶梗苗培育裝置僅單純提供人工光源,且以光照強度1000至11000Lux條件進行調控蝴蝶蘭帶梗苗成長,並非利用人工或補充光照方式進行蝴蝶蘭誘導抽梗技術。因此,習用蝴蝶蘭培育裝置必然存在進一步提供利用人工或補充光照方式進行蝴蝶蘭誘導抽梗之需求。However, the aforementioned Phalaenopsis stalk seedling cultivation device of No. 201143605 only provides artificial light source, and regulates the growth of Phalaenopsis sinensis seedlings under the condition of light intensity of 1000 to 11000 Lux, and does not use artificial or supplementary illumination to carry out Phalaenopsis-induced stem-stalking. technology. Therefore, there is a need in the conventional butterfly orchid breeding device to further provide the use of artificial or supplemental illumination for moth orchid induction.

另一習用植物運送人工光照系統,如中華民國專利公開第200946015號〝活體植物海運輸送之人工光照系統〞發明專利申請案,其揭示一種活體植物海運輸送之人工光照系統包括:一配合海運輸送具有內部容積之容器;至少一立體床架容置於該容器,且該床架分別以隔板分隔成數個疊層;數個苗盤用以定置苗株,且該苗盤容置於該疊層;至少一光源裝置配置在每一該疊層之頂面上;至少一控制單元用以控制該光源裝置定時定量補光。在運送期間控制每日提供至少4mol/m2 以上的總光量,及累計至少100mol/m2 以上的總光量。Another conventional plant transport artificial illumination system, such as the Republic of China Patent Publication No. 200946015, the artificial illumination system of the living plant maritime transport, the invention patent application, which discloses that the artificial illumination system for the transport of living plants by sea includes: a container of internal volume; at least one stereo bed frame is placed in the container, and the bed frame is divided into a plurality of layers by partitions; a plurality of seedling trays are used to fix the seedlings, and the seedling tray is accommodated in the stack At least one light source device is disposed on a top surface of each of the stacks; at least one control unit is configured to control the light source device to periodically fill light. The total amount of light of at least 4 mol/m 2 or more is supplied daily during transportation, and the total amount of light of at least 100 mol/m 2 or more is accumulated.

然而,前述第200946015號之植物運送人工光照系統僅單純提供人工光照系統,且以每日總光量至少4mol/m2 以上及累計總光量至少100mol/m2 以上的條件進行 調控植物抽梗,並非利用人工或補充特定光照方式進行蝴蝶蘭誘導抽梗技術。因此,習用蝴蝶蘭培育裝置必然存在進一步提供利用人工或補充特定光照方式進行蝴蝶蘭誘導抽梗之需求。However, the above-mentioned plant transport artificial illumination system of No. 200946015 merely provides an artificial illumination system, and regulates plant stems under the condition that the total daily light amount is at least 4 mol/m 2 or more and the cumulative total light amount is at least 100 mol/m 2 or more. Phalaenopsis-induced stem-splitting techniques are performed manually or supplemented with specific illumination methods. Therefore, the conventional Phalaenopsis breeding device necessarily has the need to further provide moth orchid-induced stemming by artificial or supplemental specific illumination.

前述第M406348號、第201143605號及第200946015號所揭示各種花卉催梗栽培、蝴蝶蘭帶梗苗培育或調控植物抽梗不屬於提升蝴蝶蘭誘導抽梗效率,因此其必然存在進一步提升蝴蝶蘭誘導抽梗效率之需求。前述專利及專利申請案僅為本發明技術背景之參考及說明目前技術發展狀態而已,其並非用以限制本發明之範圍。The various flower stalk cultivation, moth orchid stalk seedling cultivation or regulation of plant stalks disclosed in the above-mentioned No. M406348, No. 201143605 and No. 200946015 are not in the promotion of phalanx-induced stalking efficiency, and therefore there must be a further enhancement of Phalaenopsis induction. The need for stalking efficiency. The above-mentioned patents and patent applications are merely for the purpose of the technical background of the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

有鑑於此,本發明為了滿足上述需求而提供一種蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其利用一發光二極體模組進行紅光或藍光補充光照於一蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗,以便提升蘭花誘導抽梗之效率,並縮短開花時間,以改善習用蘭花或蝴蝶蘭培育裝置及其方法。In view of the above, the present invention provides an orchid-induced stem-splitting method for satisfying the above-mentioned needs, which uses a light-emitting diode module to supplement red light or blue light to a blue orchid or Phalaenopsis seedling, so as to enhance the orchid-induced stem. The efficiency and shortening of the flowering time to improve the conventional orchid or Phalaenopsis cultivation device and its method.

本發明之主要目的係提供一種蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其利用一光照模組進行光照於一蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗,再利用一發光二極體模組進行紅光或藍光補充光照於該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗,以達成提升蘭花誘導抽梗效率之目的。The main object of the present invention is to provide an orchid-induced stalking method, which uses a light module to illuminate a blue orchid or a phalaenopsis seedling, and then uses a light-emitting diode module to supplement the light with red or blue light. Miao or Phalaenopsis seedlings, in order to achieve the purpose of improving the efficiency of orchid-induced stalking.

為了達成上述目的,本發明之蘭花誘導抽梗方法包含:提供一蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗,以進行誘導抽梗;利用一光照模組將該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗進行光照;利用一發光二極體模組將該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗進行紅光補充光照,或利用該發光二極體模組將該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗進行藍光補充光照;將在該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗上誘導至少一花梗,並 將該花梗生長至一長度,以形成一帶梗苗。In order to achieve the above object, the orchid-induced stem-splitting method of the present invention comprises: providing a orchid seedling or a Phalaenopsis seedling for inducing a stem; using a light module to illuminate the orchid seedling or the butterfly orchid seedling; The polar body module or the Phalaenopsis seedlings are supplemented with red light, or the blue seedling or the Phalaenopsis seedlings are supplemented with blue light by using the light emitting diode module; the orchid seedling or the butterfly orchid seedling Inducing at least one peduncle, and The peduncle is grown to a length to form a stalk seedling.

為了達成上述目的,本發明之蘭花誘導抽梗系統包含:一主箱體,其包含一外牆、一內牆及至少一承載框架,該承載框架承載至少一蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗;一光照模組,其設置於該主箱體,該光照模組進行光照於該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗;及一發光二極體模組,其設置於該主箱體,該發光二極體模組進行補充光照於該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗;其中該發光二極體模組以一預定時間進行補充不同光質照射。In order to achieve the above object, the orchid-induced stalking system of the present invention comprises: a main box body comprising an outer wall, an inner wall and at least one load-bearing frame, the load-bearing frame carrying at least one orchid seedling or phalaenopsis seedling; The module is disposed in the main box, the illumination module is configured to illuminate the blue seedling or the butterfly orchid seedling; and a light emitting diode module is disposed on the main box body, the light emitting diode module Supplemental illumination is applied to the orchid seedling or Phalaenopsis seedling; wherein the light emitting diode module is supplemented with different light quality illumination for a predetermined time.

本發明較佳實施例之該蘭花誘導抽梗系統另包含一控制面板。In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the orchid-inducing stem system further comprises a control panel.

本發明較佳實施例之該控制面板設置於該主箱體之外牆上。The control panel of the preferred embodiment of the present invention is disposed on the outer wall of the main casing.

本發明較佳實施例之該控制面板連接一控制器。The control panel of the preferred embodiment of the invention is coupled to a controller.

本發明較佳實施例之該控制器控制該光照模組及發光二極體模組之頻率、工作比及亮度。In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the controller controls the frequency, the working ratio and the brightness of the illumination module and the LED module.

本發明較佳實施例之該光照模組設置於一門片上。In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the illumination module is disposed on a door panel.

本發明較佳實施例之該光照模組選自一白光發光二極體模組或一螢光燈管。In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the illumination module is selected from a white light emitting diode module or a fluorescent tube.

本發明較佳實施例之該螢光燈管以垂直方向排列於該門片或該主箱體之內牆上。In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the fluorescent tube is arranged in a vertical direction on the inner surface of the door piece or the main box.

本發明較佳實施例之該發光二極體模組設置於該承載框架之上方。In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the LED module is disposed above the carrier frame.

本發明較佳實施例之該發光二極體模組選自一紅光發光二極體模組或一藍光發光二極體模組。In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the LED module is selected from a red light emitting diode module or a blue light emitting diode module.

本發明較佳實施例之該發光二極體模組選自 一紅光發光二極體模組及一藍光發光二極體模組之組合。The light emitting diode module of the preferred embodiment of the present invention is selected from the group consisting of A combination of a red light emitting diode module and a blue light emitting diode module.

本發明較佳實施例之該光照模組及發光二極體模組之總日光積值為3.53mole/m2In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the total solar module of the illumination module and the LED module is 3.53 mole/m 2 .

本發明較佳實施例之該發光二極體模組以一體成型方式結合或直接組合於該承載框架之底表面上。In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the LED module is integrally formed or directly combined on the bottom surface of the carrier frame.

本發明較佳實施例利用數個該發光二極體模組在該主箱體之內部空間形成數個不同補充光照層。In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of different complementary illumination layers are formed in the inner space of the main box by using the plurality of LED modules.

1‧‧‧主箱體1‧‧‧ main cabinet

10‧‧‧門片10‧‧‧ Doors

11‧‧‧承載框架11‧‧‧ Bearer frame

12‧‧‧蝴蝶蘭苗盆12‧‧‧Butterfly seedling pot

13‧‧‧控制面板13‧‧‧Control panel

2‧‧‧光照模組2‧‧‧Lighting module

3‧‧‧發光二極體模組3‧‧‧Lighting diode module

第1圖:本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法之流程 示意圖。Figure 1 is a flow chart of an orchid-induced stem-splitting method in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention schematic diagram.

第2圖:本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗系統之前視示意圖。Figure 2 is a front elevational view of an orchid-induced stalking system in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

第3圖:本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗系統採用主箱體之側視示意圖。Fig. 3 is a side elevational view showing the use of the main box in the orchid-induced stem system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

第4圖:本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗系統採用發光二極體模組之示意圖。Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing the use of a light-emitting diode module in the orchid-induced stem system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

為了充分瞭解本發明,於下文將舉例較佳實施例並配合所附圖式作詳細說明,且其並非用以限定本發明。In order to fully understand the present invention, the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below, and are not intended to limit the invention.

本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法適用於手動操作〔manual operation〕或自動操作〔automatic operation〕蘭花誘導抽梗方法或系統,但其並非用以限定本發明之範圍。另外,本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法或系統可選擇應用於各種蘭花小苗〔例如:蝴蝶蘭〔Phalaenopsis 〕或其它蘭花〔orchid〕幼苗、小苗、中苗或大苗〕或其它花卉小苗誘導抽梗系統,且影響其花梗數量及花梗長度,但其並非用以限定本發明之應用範圍。The orchid-induced stem-splitting method of the preferred embodiment of the present invention is suitable for use in a manual operation or an automatic operation orchid-inducing stalking method or system, but is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. In addition, the orchid-induced stem-splitting method or system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention can be selectively applied to various orchid seedlings (for example, Phalaenopsis or other orchid seedlings, seedlings, seedlings or seedlings) or other flower seedlings. The incision system is induced and affects the number of pedicels and the length of the peduncle, but it is not intended to limit the scope of application of the present invention.

第1圖揭示本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗 方法之流程示意圖。請參照第1圖所示,本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法包含第一步驟S1:提供一蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗〔其它蘭苗〕於一誘導抽梗空間〔例如:控制溫度或濕度空間〕內,以便進行控制誘導抽梗及延長花梗。Figure 1 is a view showing an orchid-induced stem of a preferred embodiment of the present invention. Schematic diagram of the process. Referring to Figure 1, the orchid-induced stem-splitting method of the preferred embodiment of the present invention comprises a first step S1: providing a orchid seedling or a Phalaenopsis seedling (other orchid seedlings) in an induced stemming space (for example, controlling temperature) Or humidity space] to control the induction of stalking and prolonging the peduncle.

請再參照第1圖所示,本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法包含第二步驟S2:接著,利用一光照模組將該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗進行光照,此時該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗需進一步進行補充光照,因此選擇於一預定時間進行補充光照進行控制誘導抽梗。Referring to FIG. 1 again, the orchid-induced stalking method of the preferred embodiment of the present invention comprises a second step S2: then, the orchid seedling or the phalaenopsis seedling is irradiated with a light module, and the orchid seedling is irradiated at this time. Or the Phalaenopsis seedlings need to be further supplemented with light, so the supplemental illumination is selected for a predetermined time to control the induction of the stalk.

請再參照第1圖所示,本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法包含第三步驟S3:接著,第一較佳實施例選擇利用一發光二極體模組將該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗進行紅光補充光照;或第二較佳實施例選擇利用該發光二極體模組將該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗進行藍光補充光照;或第三較佳實施例選擇利用該發光二極體模組將該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗進行紅光及藍光交替補充不同光質照射或方向。Referring to FIG. 1 again, the orchid-induced stalking method of the preferred embodiment of the present invention comprises a third step S3: Next, the first preferred embodiment selects a ramie or butterfly by using a light-emitting diode module. The blue seedling is supplemented with red light; or the second preferred embodiment selectively uses the light emitting diode module to perform blue light supplementation illumination on the blue seedling or the Phalaenopsis seedling; or the third preferred embodiment selects the light emitting diode The body module alternates the red light and the blue light with the blue light and the blue light seedling to supplement different light quality illumination or directions.

請再參照第1圖所示,本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法包含第四步驟S4:將在該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗上誘導至少一花梗,並將該花梗生長至一長度,以形成一帶梗苗,如此將該蘭苗或蝴蝶蘭苗之成長進行適當調控花梗抽出,以便進行後續催花作業。舉例而言,本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法選擇將1.5吋、2.5吋或3.5吋花盆的蝴蝶蘭苗進行誘導抽梗,以便依需求調控其開花期。如此,在培養蝴蝶蘭苗時,無論生長至1.5吋、2.5吋或3.5吋花盆的蘭苗皆可選擇進行誘導抽梗,以便後續進一步精準調控開花時間,以提升蘭苗的經濟價值。Referring to FIG. 1 again, the orchid-induced stem-splitting method of the preferred embodiment of the present invention comprises a fourth step S4: at least one peduncle is induced on the orchid seedling or Phalaenopsis seedling, and the peduncle is grown to a length. In order to form a stalk seedling, the growth of the orchid seedling or the phalaenopsis seedling is appropriately regulated to extract the stalk for subsequent flowering operations. For example, the orchid-inducing stalking method according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention selects a Phalaenopsis seedling of 1.5 吋, 2.5 吋 or 3.5 吋 flowerpots to induce stalking, so as to regulate the flowering period according to requirements. Thus, when cultivating Phalaenopsis seedlings, the orchid seedlings grown to 1.5 吋, 2.5 吋 or 3.5 吋 pots can be selected for induction of stalking, so as to further further regulate the flowering time in order to enhance the economic value of the orchid seedlings.

第2圖揭示本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法採用蘭花誘導抽梗系統之前視示意圖,其中該蘭花誘 導抽梗系統形成開啟狀態;第3圖揭示本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗系統採用主箱體之側視示意圖,其對應於第2圖之前視圖。請參照第2及3圖所示,本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗方法可選擇採用一蘭花誘導抽梗系統,其包含一主箱體1、一光照模組2及一發光二極體模組3,且該光照模組2及發光二極體模組3適當配置於該主箱體1之內。該主箱體1具有一門片10,以便將該光照模組2及發光二極體模組3關閉於該主箱體1之內部。Figure 2 is a schematic front view showing an orchid-induced stalking system using the orchid-induced stalking system according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein the orchid induces The stalking system forms an open state; and Fig. 3 is a side elevational view showing the orchid-induced stalking system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention using a main casing, which corresponds to the front view of Fig. 2. Referring to Figures 2 and 3, in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the orchid-induced stalking method may adopt an orchid-induced stalking system, which comprises a main box 1, a light module 2 and a light-emitting diode. The body module 3 and the illumination module 2 and the LED module 3 are appropriately disposed in the main casing 1. The main housing 1 has a door panel 10 for closing the illumination module 2 and the LED module 3 inside the main housing 1.

本發明另一較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗系統依需求可省略設置該主箱體1或其它相關系統構造,且另選擇其它適當設備固定設置該光照模組2及發光二極體模組3,其用以達成主要目的為蘭花誘導抽梗。本發明較佳實施例特別是採用該發光二極體模組3補充照射發光二極體紅光於蝴蝶蘭苗或其它品種蘭苗上。The orchid-induced stalking system according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention may omit the setting of the main box 1 or other related system structure according to requirements, and further select other suitable devices to fix and set the illumination module 2 and the LED module. 3, which is used to achieve the main purpose of orchid-induced stem. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the LED module 3 is used to supplement the illumination of the LED red light on the Phalaenopsis seedlings or other varieties of orchid seedlings.

請再參照第2及3圖所示,該主箱體1包含一外牆〔outer wall〕及一內牆〔inner wall〕,如此該外牆及內牆可構成該主箱體1之外殼體,但其並非用以限定本發明之範圍。該主箱體1另包含至少一承載框架〔rack〕11,且該承載框架11承載至少一個或數個蝴蝶蘭苗盆12。該承載框架11將該主箱體1之內部空間分隔為數個光照層〔illumination layer〕。在使用上,該蝴蝶蘭苗盆12則用以種植至少一蝴蝶蘭苗。Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the main casing 1 includes an outer wall and an inner wall, so that the outer wall and the inner wall can constitute the outer casing of the main casing 1. However, it is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. The main casing 1 further comprises at least one rack 11 and the carrier frame 11 carries at least one or several moth orchid pots 12. The carrier frame 11 divides the internal space of the main casing 1 into a plurality of illumination layers. In use, the Phalaenopsis seedlings 12 are used to grow at least one Phalaenopsis seedling.

請再參照第2及3圖所示,本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗系統另包含一控制面板〔control panel〕13,且該控制面板13設置於該主箱體1之外牆上。另外,該控制面板13選自一觸控面板〔touch panel〕,且該控制面板13電性連接一控制器〔未繪示〕,且該控制器控制該光照模組2及發光二極體模組3之頻率〔frequency〕、工作比〔duty ratio〕及亮度〔luminance〕。Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the orchid-inducing stem system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention further includes a control panel 13 disposed on the outer wall of the main cabinet 1. . In addition, the control panel 13 is selected from a touch panel, and the control panel 13 is electrically connected to a controller (not shown), and the controller controls the illumination module 2 and the LED module. Group 3 frequency [frequency], duty ratio (luminity ratio) and brightness [luminance].

請再參照第2圖所示,該光照模組2設置於該 主箱體1之內部,且利用該光照模組2進行由側方向光照於該蝴蝶蘭苗。舉例而言,該光照模組2設置於該主箱體1之門片10之內表面上,且該光照模組選自一白光發光二極體模組或一螢光燈管,例如:日光燈、冷陰極管〔cold cathode fluorescent lamp,CCFL〕或其它類似燈管。該光照模組2以垂直方向〔vertical direction〕排列於該門片10之內表面上、四周內牆上或其它適當位置上,但其並非用以限定本發明之範圍。本發明較佳實施例採用該光照模組2以垂直方向排列,以提升該光照模組2之光照面積及效率,以節省該光照模組2之使用數量。Please refer to FIG. 2 again, the illumination module 2 is disposed in the The interior of the main casing 1 is illuminated by the illumination module 2 to the moth orchid seedlings. For example, the illumination module 2 is disposed on the inner surface of the door panel 10 of the main cabinet 1, and the illumination module is selected from a white light emitting diode module or a fluorescent tube, such as a fluorescent lamp. , cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) or other similar lamp. The illumination module 2 is arranged on the inner surface of the door panel 10, on the inner wall of the perimeter or other suitable position in a vertical direction, but it is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the illumination module 2 is arranged in a vertical direction to improve the illumination area and efficiency of the illumination module 2 to save the usage of the illumination module 2.

第4圖揭示本發明較佳實施例之蘭花誘導抽梗系統採用發光二極體模組之示意圖,其對應於第2圖之發光二極體模組3。請參照第2及4圖所示,該發光二極體模組3設置於該主箱體1,且該發光二極體模組3進行由上方補充光照於該蝴蝶蘭苗。在誘導抽梗作業上,該發光二極體模組3以一預定時間、頻率及亮度進行補充不同光質照射。FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram showing the use of a light-emitting diode module for the orchid-induced stem system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, which corresponds to the light-emitting diode module 3 of FIG. Please refer to FIGS. 2 and 4 , the LED module 3 is disposed on the main box 1 , and the LED module 3 is supplemented with light from the above to the moth orchid seedlings. In the induced stemming operation, the LED module 3 supplements different light quality illuminations with a predetermined time, frequency and brightness.

請再參照第2及4圖所示,舉例而言,該發光二極體模組3設置於該承載框架11之上方,且該發光二極體模組3與該蝴蝶蘭苗之間具有一預定高度距離,以便調控該主箱體1之內部空氣流通〔air ventilation〕及日、夜誘導溫度,或以利提供誘導花梗成長高度空間。Referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 4 , for example, the LED module 3 is disposed above the carrier frame 11 , and the LED module 3 and the Phalaenopsis seedling have a The height distance is predetermined to regulate the internal air circulation of the main tank 1 and the day and night induced temperature, or to provide a height space for inducing the growth of the peduncle.

本發明另一較佳實施例之該發光二極體模組3以一體成型方式併入結合該承載框架11之底表面上,以簡化整體構造;或者,將該發光二極體模組3直接組合於該承載框架11之底表面上。另外,利用數個該發光二極體模組3在該主箱體1之內部空間形成數個不同等級的補充光照層〔compensative illumination layer〕,如此在同一個該 主箱體1內可提供不同等級的補充光照作業,例如:不同頻率光或不同強度光。In another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the LED module 3 is integrally formed on the bottom surface of the carrier frame 11 to simplify the overall structure; or the LED module 3 is directly It is combined on the bottom surface of the carrier frame 11. In addition, a plurality of different levels of complementary illumination layers are formed in the internal space of the main casing 1 by using the plurality of LED modules 3, so that the same Different levels of supplementary lighting work can be provided in the main cabinet 1, for example: different frequency light or different intensity light.

舉例而言,該發光二極體模組3選自一紅光發光二極體模組、一藍光發光二極體模組或一紅光發光二極體模組及一藍光發光二極體模組之組合,以便選擇進行〔紅光或藍光〕補充光照二極體紅光、二極體藍光或二極體紅光及藍光組合於該蘭苗。另外,該光照模組2及發光二極體模組3之總日光積值為3.53mole/m2 ,但其並非用以限定本發明之範圍。For example, the LED module 3 is selected from a red light emitting diode module, a blue light emitting diode module or a red light emitting diode module, and a blue light emitting diode module. The combination of the groups is selected to perform [red or blue light] supplemental light dipole red light, diode blue light or diode red light and blue light combined in the blue seedling. In addition, the total solar concentration of the illumination module 2 and the LED module 3 is 3.53 mole/m 2 , but it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

如表一所示,舉例而言,在日/夜溫28/20℃條 件下,以螢光燈管光源〔標示為W〕〔或白光發光二極體模組〕及補充適當比率紅光發光二極體〔標示為WR〕或以螢光燈管光源〔W〕及補充藍光發光二極體〔標示為WB〕皆可提高培養在2.5吋盆蝴蝶蘭中苗的抽梗比率及花梗的發育,其明顯高於以螢光燈管光源〔W〕光照的發育效果。另外,以螢光燈管光源〔W〕及補充紅光發光二極體〔WR〕獲得較佳發育效果。As shown in Table 1, for example, at day/night temperature 28/20 ° C a fluorescent tube source (denoted as W) (or white light emitting diode module) and a suitable ratio of red light emitting diode (labeled as WR) or fluorescent tube light source [W] The addition of blue light-emitting diodes (labeled as WB) can increase the rate of stems and the development of pedicels in the 2.5-inch potted orchids, which is significantly higher than that of the fluorescent light source [W]. In addition, a better development effect is obtained by the fluorescent tube light source [W] and the complementary red light emitting diode [WR].

如表一所示,在日/夜溫28/20℃條件下,以螢光燈管補充適當比率紅光發光二極體的光源〔標示為WR〕在2.5吋盆蝴蝶蘭中苗的抽梗比率及花梗發育皆可能相對優於單純以螢光燈管〔W〕及以螢光燈管補充藍光發光二極體〔標示為WB〕為光源的發育效果,但以螢光燈管〔W〕及以螢光燈管補充藍光發光二極體〔標示為 WB〕仍具有提升2.5吋盆蝴蝶蘭中苗的抽梗比率及花梗發育效果。上述實驗數據為各處理每批6棵蝴蝶蘭中苗,共四批的試驗結果。As shown in Table 1, under the condition of day/night temperature 28/20 °C, supplement the fluorescent light tube with the appropriate ratio of red light emitting diode light source (labeled as WR) in the 2.5 吋 pot of Phalaenopsis seedlings. The ratio and pedicel development may be relatively better than that of a fluorescent tube [W] and a fluorescent tube supplemented with a blue light-emitting diode (labeled as WB) as a light source, but with a fluorescent tube [W] And supplementing the blue light emitting diode with a fluorescent tube (marked as WB] still has the effect of increasing the rate of stems and pedicel development of 2.5 seedlings of Phalaenopsis. The above experimental data is the test result of four batches of 6 Phalaenopsis seedlings in each batch.

上述實驗數據為在特定條件之下所獲得的初步實驗結果,其僅用以易於瞭解或參考本發明之技術內容而已,其尚需進行其他實驗。該實驗數據及其結果並非用以限制本發明之權利範圍。The above experimental data is preliminary experimental results obtained under specific conditions, which are only used to easily understand or refer to the technical content of the present invention, and other experiments are still required. The experimental data and its results are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

前述較佳實施例僅舉例說明本發明及其技術特徵,該實施例之技術仍可適當進行各種實質等效修飾及/或替換方式予以實施;因此,本發明之權利範圍須視後附申請專利範圍所界定之範圍為準。本案著作權限制使用於中華民國專利申請用途。The foregoing preferred embodiments are merely illustrative of the invention and the technical features thereof, and the techniques of the embodiments can be carried out with various substantial equivalent modifications and/or alternatives; therefore, the scope of the invention is subject to the appended claims. The scope defined by the scope shall prevail. The copyright limitation of this case is used for the purpose of patent application in the Republic of China.

Claims (10)

一種蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其包含:提供一蘭苗,以便進行誘導抽梗;利用一光照模組將該蘭苗進行光照;利用一發光二極體模組將該蘭苗進行紅光補充光照;及將在該蘭苗上誘導至少一花梗,並將該花梗生長至一花梗長度,以形成一帶梗苗。An orchid-induced stem-splitting method comprises: providing a blue seedling for inducing a stem; using a light module to illuminate the orchid seedling; and using a light-emitting diode module to red light the orchid seedling And at least one pedicel will be induced on the orchid seedling, and the stalk is grown to a peduncle length to form a stalk seedling. 一種蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其包含:提供一蘭苗,以便進行誘導抽梗;利用一光照模組將該蘭苗進行光照;利用一發光二極體模組將該蘭苗進行藍光補充光照;及將在該蘭苗上誘導至少一花梗,並將該花梗生長至一花梗長度,以形成一帶梗苗。An orchid-induced stem-splitting method comprises: providing a blue seedling for inducing a stalk; using a light module to illuminate the blue seedling; and using a light-emitting diode module to perform blue light supplementation; And at least one pedicel will be induced on the orchid seedling, and the peduncle is grown to a peduncle length to form a stalk seedling. 一種蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其包含:提供一蘭苗,以便進行誘導抽梗;利用一光照模組將該蘭苗進行光照;利用一發光二極體模組將該蘭苗進行紅光及藍光交替補充光照;及將在該蘭苗上誘導至少一花梗,並將該花梗生長至一花梗長度,以形成一帶梗苗。An orchid-induced stem-splitting method comprises: providing a blue seedling for inducing a stem; using a light module to illuminate the orchid seedling; using a light-emitting diode module to perform the red light and blue light The light is alternately supplemented; and at least one pedicel is induced on the orchid seedling, and the stalk is grown to a stalk length to form a stalk seedling. 依申請專利範圍第1、2或3項所述之蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其中利用一控制器控制該光照模組及發光二極體模組之頻率、工作比及亮度。The orchid-induced stemming method according to the first, second or third aspect of the patent application, wherein a controller is used to control the frequency, working ratio and brightness of the illumination module and the light-emitting diode module. 依申請專利範圍第1、2或3項所述之蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其中該光照模組選自一白光發光二極體模組或一螢光燈管。The orchid-induced stemming method according to the first, second or third aspect of the patent application, wherein the illumination module is selected from a white light emitting diode module or a fluorescent tube. 依申請專利範圍第1、2或3項所述之蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其中該發光二極體模組選自一紅光發光二極體模組及一藍光發光二極體模組之組合。The orchid-induced stem extraction method according to the first, second or third aspect of the patent application, wherein the light-emitting diode module is selected from the group consisting of a red light-emitting diode module and a blue light-emitting diode module . 依申請專利範圍第1、2或3項所述之蘭花誘導抽梗方 法,其中該光照模組及發光二極體模組之總日光積值為3.53mole/m2The orchid-inducing stalking method according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the total solar module of the illumination module and the LED module is 3.53 mole/m 2 . 依申請專利範圍第1、2或3項所述之蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其中該發光二極體模組利用不同頻率光或不同強度光進行補充光照。The orchid-induced stem-splitting method according to the first, second or third aspect of the patent application, wherein the light-emitting diode module uses different frequency light or different intensity light for supplemental illumination. 依申請專利範圍第1、2或3項所述之蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其中該發光二極體模組一體成型方式結合或直接組合於一承載框架之一底表面上。The orchid-induced stem extraction method according to the first, second or third aspect of the patent application, wherein the light-emitting diode module is integrally formed or directly combined on a bottom surface of a carrier frame. 依申請專利範圍第1、2或3項所述之蘭花誘導抽梗方法,其中該蘭苗選自一蝴蝶蘭苗。The orchid-inducing stalking method according to the first, second or third aspect of the patent application, wherein the orchid seedling is selected from the group consisting of a butterfly seedling.
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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200946015A (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-11-16 Wei Fang Artificial illumination system of maritime transportation for living-body plant
CN201593730U (en) * 2010-01-28 2010-09-29 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 LED light mixing lamp for arethusa cultivation
TWM398753U (en) * 2010-07-29 2011-03-01 Fortune Inst Technology Plant-culturing illumination device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200946015A (en) * 2008-05-13 2009-11-16 Wei Fang Artificial illumination system of maritime transportation for living-body plant
CN201593730U (en) * 2010-01-28 2010-09-29 杭州汉徽光电科技有限公司 LED light mixing lamp for arethusa cultivation
TWM398753U (en) * 2010-07-29 2011-03-01 Fortune Inst Technology Plant-culturing illumination device

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