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Chip utilizing solar energy to generate electricity

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Publication number
CN201467032U
Authority
CN
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
electricity
energy
thermoelectric couple
solar energy
solar
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200920111413
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周雁冰
李泽明
Original Assignee
李泽明
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. INCLUDING HOUSING AND APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • Y02B10/22Evacuated solar collectors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG] EMISSION, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02P80/24

Abstract

A generating set relates to the solar energy, in particular to a chip utilizing the solar energy to generate electricity. The utility model aims to overcome the defects in the prior art, and provides a solar energy electricity-generating chip which can utilize the heat energy of the solar energy to generate electricity by temperature difference. A Fresnel lens focus the heat energy of the solar energy to a vacuum device, the temperature in the vacuum device is increased, a thermoelectric couple made of a thermosensitive material is arranged in the vacuum device, a radiating fin of the thermoelectric couple is connected with the thermoelectric couple but exposed out of the vacuum device, and water pipes and other equipment consuming heat energy can be connected to enable the thermoelectric couple to have larger temperature difference, therefore the electricity generation purpose can be achieved, the electric energy is stored in a battery and can be conversed by an inverter according to electricity consuming requirements of users, and a more group of electricity-generating chips can be added. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure and high electricity generating efficiency, and can be widely used in aspects of electricity consumption by industry illumination, electricity consumption by streetlights, electricity consumption by homes, etc.

Description

一种太阳能发电芯片 A solar power chip

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种太阳能的发电装置,特别涉及利用太阳能发电所使用的芯片。 [0001] The utility model relates to a solar power generating device, and more particularly to the use of solar power used by the chip.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着能源的日益紧张,对再生能源的充分利用受到了越来越多的重视、开发和利用。 [0002] With the increasingly tense energy, to make full use of renewable energy has been more and more attention, development and utilization. 太阳能作为一种清洁的可再生能源,已经被广泛运用到了人们的生产和生活当中,对利用太阳能的热能转化为电能供给生产和生活使用一直是研究探索的主要方向,中国专利申请为881023655的发明专利申请公开了一种太阳能温差发电方法及其装置,是将太阳光能通过温度系数大的物质的热胀冷縮特性,转为机械能发电的方法及其装置。 Solar energy as a clean and renewable energy, has been widely used to which people's production and life, the use of solar thermal energy conversion using the main direction has been the research and exploration of electric energy supply of production and living, Chinese patent applications 881 023 655 inventions patent application discloses a method and apparatus for solar thermoelectric power generation, is the sunlight through the large temperature coefficient of thermal expansion properties of the material, method and apparatus for mechanical energy into electricity. 但是该方法仅停留在理论研究的表面,并没有行之有效的装置。 However, this method only stay on the surface of theoretical research, and there is no effective means.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型的目的旨在于克服现有技术的缺陷,提供一种能实现利用太阳能热能,进行温差发电的太阳能发电芯片。 [0003] The utility model is aimed at overcoming the deficiencies of the prior art, to provide a realization of solar thermal energy, conducted thermoelectric power generation solar power chips.

[0004] 本实用新型所述的太阳能发电芯片,由透镜、真空装置和热电偶构成,透镜位于真空装置的顶端,与真空装置密封连接,真空装置的另一端有热电偶,热电偶与储电瓶连接。 [0004] The solar power generation chip according to the present utility model, by the lens, and a thermocouple vacuum, the vacuum at the top of the lens means, connected to a vacuum means for sealing the other end of the vacuum means of a thermocouple, the thermocouple and the storage battery connection. [0005] 所述的真空装置为双层结构真空杯。 Vacuum apparatus [0005] The two-layer structure of the vacuum cup. [0006] 所述的热电偶的散热片与水管连接。 [0006] The thermocouple fins and water connections. [0007] 所述的透镜为菲涅尔镜。 Lens [0007] of the Fresnel lens.

[0008] 所述的太阳能发电芯片上连接有太阳能追踪器。 [0008] connected solar tracker solar power on the chip. [0009] 所述的太阳能发电芯片为至少一个以上组合。 [0009] The solar power generation is at least one chip or in combination.

[0010] 本实用新型所述的太阳能发电芯片,采用菲涅尔镜聚集太阳能的热至真空装置内,提高真空装置内的温度,热电偶为热敏高的材料制备而成,置于真空装置内,热电偶的散热片与热电偶连接但外露于真空装置,可与水管等耗热设备连接,使热电偶存在较大的温差,从而实现发电的目的,电能存储在储电瓶中,根据用户用电的需要,可用逆变器进行转化,发电芯片可以为多一组。 [0010] Solar power chip according to the present utility model, thermal Fresnel lens to concentrate solar energy to a vacuum device to increase the temperature inside the vacuum apparatus, the thermocouple is prepared from a material with high thermal, placed in a vacuum apparatus purpose within the thermocouple fins thermocouple connected but exposed to the heat consumption devices connected vacuum device can be used with water, so that there is a big temperature difference between the thermocouple in order to achieve power, electrical energy stored in the storage battery, depending on the user need electricity, the inverter can be used for transformation, multi-generation chip for a group. 本实用新型结构简单,发电效率高,可广泛适用于工业照用电、路灯用电、家庭用电等方面。 Has a simple structure, high power generation efficiency can be widely used in industry according to electricity, street lighting electricity, household electricity and so on.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1为本实用新型结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the utility model.

[0012] 图中,1-菲涅尔镜,2-真空装置,3-热电偶,4-水管,5-储电瓶,6-太阳能追踪器。 [0012] figure, Fresnel lens 1-, 2- vacuum, thermocouple 3-, 4- pipes, storage batteries 5-, 6- solar tracker. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0013] 下面结合附图对本实用新型做进一步的说明,但不限于实施例。 [0013] The following combination of the utility model for further description of the drawings, but is not limited to the embodiments. [0014] 实施例1[0015] 如图1所示,本实用新型所述的太阳能发电芯片,由透镜、真空装置2和热电偶3 构成,透镜为菲涅尔镜l,菲涅尔镜1位于真空装置2的顶端,与真空装置2密封连接,真空装置2为双层结构的真空杯,真空装置2的另一端有热电偶3,热电偶3与储电瓶6连接,热电偶3上连接有散热片。 1 [0015] 1, the solar power generation chip according to the present utility model, by the lens, the vacuum apparatus [0014] Examples 2 and 3 constitute a thermocouple, a Fresnel lens L is a lens, a Fresnel lens the top of the vacuum apparatus 2, and the second sealing means connected to the vacuum, the vacuum device 2 of the two-layer structure of vacuum cups, vacuum apparatus 2 and the other end of the thermocouple 3, the storage battery 3 and the thermocouple 6, connecting the thermocouple 3 heat sink. [0016] 实施例2 [0016] Example 2

[0017] 所述的太阳能发电芯片,由透镜、真空装置2和热电偶3构成,透镜为菲涅尔镜1, [0017] The solar power generation chip, a lens, and a vacuum apparatus 2 configured thermocouple 3, a lens is a Fresnel lens,

菲涅尔镜1位于真空装置2的顶端,与真空装置2密封连接,真空装置2的另一端有热电偶 A Fresnel lens located at the top of the vacuum device 2 is connected to a vacuum sealing apparatus 2, the other end of thermocouple vacuum apparatus 2

3,热电偶3与储电瓶6连接,太阳能发电芯片为至少一个以上组合,热电偶3的散热片与散 3, thermocouple 3 is connected to the storage battery 6, solar power chip is at least a combination of the above, the heat sink and scattered thermocouple 3

热管4连接,散热管的一端为通风口7,另一端为抽气口8,通过散热管中空气的流动,实施 Heat pipe 4 is connected to one end of the heat pipe vents 7, the other end of the exhaust port 8, air flow through the heat pipe, implementation

热电偶的温差发电,在散热管的上方连接有LED灯,可作为工业照明用,也可以作为路灯照 Thermocouple thermoelectric power generation, at the top of the heat pipe is connected to LED lights can be used as industrial lighting, it can also be used as street lights shine

明用,还可用于家庭照明等。 Ming to use, can be used for home lighting.

[0018] 实施例3 [0018] Example 3

[0019] 本实用新型所述的太阳能发电芯片,由透镜、真空装置2和热电偶3构成,透镜为菲涅尔镜1,菲涅尔镜1位于真空装置2的顶端,与真空装置2密封连接,真空装置2的另一端有热电偶3,热电偶3与储电瓶6连接,热电偶3的散热片与水管4连接,可加热水管中的 [0019] Solar power chip according to the present utility model, by the lens, and a vacuum apparatus 2 configured thermocouple 3, a lens is a Fresnel lens, a Fresnel lens 2 is located at the top of the vacuum apparatus, and vacuum sealing means 2 and the other end of the vacuum device 2 has three thermocouples, the thermocouple 3 is connected with the storage battery 6, the thermocouple 3 and the pipe 4 connected to the heat sink, the heated water

水,为用户提供热水。 Water, to provide users with hot water. [0020] 实施例4 [0020] Example 4

[0021] 所述的阳能发电芯片上连接有太阳能追踪器6,其余同实施例2。 [0021] The male can be connected to the power generating solar tracker chip 6, and the rest in Example 2.

Claims (6)

  1. 一种太阳能发电芯片,由透镜、真空装置和热电偶构成,其特征在于,透镜位于真空装置的顶端,与真空装置密封连接,真空装置的另一端有热电偶,热电偶与储电瓶连接。 A solar power generation chip, a lens, and a thermocouple vacuum apparatus, characterized in that the lens is located at the top of the vacuum apparatus, and vacuum sealing means connected to the other end of the vacuum means of a thermocouple, the thermocouple is connected with the storage battery.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求l所述的太阳能发电芯片,其特征在于,所述的热电偶的散热片与水管连接。 2. The chip according to claim l wherein the solar power generation, characterized in that said heatsink thermocouple water connections.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能发电芯片,其特征在于,所述的透镜为菲涅尔镜。 3. The solar power generation chip according to claim 1, wherein said lens is a Fresnel lens.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能发电芯片,其特征在于,所述的太阳能发电芯片上连接有太阳能追踪器。 4. The solar power generation chip according to claim 1, characterized in that the solar tracker is connected to said solar power chip.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能发电芯片,其特征在于,所述的太阳能发电芯片为至少一个以上组合。 5. The solar power generation chip according to claim 1, characterized in that said at least one solar power chip or in combination.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能发电芯片,其特征在于,所述的真空装置为双层结构真空杯。 6. The solar power generation chip according to claim 1, wherein said vacuum means is a vacuum cup bilayer structure.

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102939499A (en) * 2010-06-14 2013-02-20 尹东汉 High-power photonic device street light using a thermocouple
CN102939499B (en) * 2010-06-14 2015-02-11 尹东汉 High-power photonic device street light using a thermocouple
CN103836502A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-04 广东工业大学 Solar phase change heat accumulation thermoelectric power generation street lamp system
CN103836502B (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-07-06 广东工业大学 Phase change heat storage of solar thermal power generation street light system

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