CN201467025U - Solar energy comprehensive utilization system - Google Patents

Solar energy comprehensive utilization system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201467025U
CN201467025U CN2009201082681U CN200920108268U CN201467025U CN 201467025 U CN201467025 U CN 201467025U CN 2009201082681 U CN2009201082681 U CN 2009201082681U CN 200920108268 U CN200920108268 U CN 200920108268U CN 201467025 U CN201467025 U CN 201467025U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
links
solar energy
photo
cooling device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009201082681U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BEIJING TIME-VALIANT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
BEIJING TIME-VALIANT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2009201082681U priority Critical patent/CN201467025U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201467025U publication Critical patent/CN201467025U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar energy comprehensive utilization system, which includes a solar energy battery module, as well as a photo-voltaic generating module and a photo-thermal conversion module connected with the solar energy battery module. The photovoltaic generating module and the photo-thermal conversion module are connected with a load through a load interface. The photo-thermal conversion module includes a cooling device box fixed at the lower part of the solar energy battery module, a heat exchanger connected with the cooling device box through a pipeline and arranged in a first hot water tank, a circulating pump connected with the heat exchanger through the pipeline and connected with the cooling device box, a second hot water tank connected with the first hot water tank through the pipeline, and an electric heater arranged in the second hot water tank and connected with the load interface. The utility model not only can realize all-weather power supply, but also can continuously provide heat energy to the hot water tanks and fully utilize photo-voltaic and photo-thermal effects of a solar energy battery.

Description

A kind of solar energy composite utilizes system
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of solar utilization technique, is specifically related to a kind of solar photoelectric light-heat utilization system.
Background technology
Present solar energy utilization, the one, opto-electronic conversion is converted to electric energy with solar radiation light by solar cell; But the photo-thermal conversion promptly utilizes solar collecting device, can convert solar radiation to heat energy utilization, as solar water heater.But photoelectricity, photo-thermal system all are independently.
During the crystal silicon solar energy battery generating, its back temperature is higher than surface temperature and ambient temperature, increase with solar irradiance, generated output rises, the cell backside temperature rise is very big, illustrate that it has two kinds of effects of photovoltaic/thermal, wherein photo-thermal effect will cause conversion efficiency to reduce, but the system that the photoelectric heat effect of crystal silicon solar battery component is not used simultaneously at present.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of solar energy composite of the photovoltaic/thermal effect of solar cell that can utilize fully in order and utilizes system, to overcome the deficiency that prior art exists.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of solar energy composite utilizes system, this system comprises: solar module, photovoltaic generating module that links to each other with described solar module and photo-thermal modular converter, described photovoltaic generating module and described photo-thermal modular converter link to each other with load by loading interfaces, described photo-thermal modular converter comprises: the cooling device box, be fixed in described solar module bottom; Heat exchanger links to each other with described cooling device box by pipeline, is arranged in first boiler; Circulating pump links to each other with described heat exchanger by pipeline, and also links to each other with described cooling device box; Second boiler links to each other with described first boiler by pipeline; Electric heater is arranged in second boiler, links to each other with described loading interfaces.
Wherein, described photo-thermal modular converter also comprises: water inlet pipe all links to each other with described first boiler and second boiler; Outlet pipe links to each other with described second boiler; Controller all links to each other with described cooling device box, first boiler, second boiler and circulating pump.
Wherein, be provided with altitude valve on the connecting tube of described water inlet pipe and described first boiler and described second boiler; Described outlet pipe is provided with hand-operated valve;
Wherein, be connected with relay between described electric heater and the described loading interfaces, and described relay links to each other with described controller.
Wherein, in the described cooling device box, be provided with temperature sensor in first boiler and in second boiler, be provided with pressure sensor in the described circulating pump, and described each temperature sensor, pressure sensor are connected with described controller all.
Wherein, the connecting tube of described first boiler and described second boiler is provided with electromagnetically operated valve, and described electromagnetically operated valve is connected with described controller.
Wherein, described photovoltaic generating module comprises: lightning protection device links to each other with described solar module; Inverter links to each other with described lightning protection device; Distribution box links to each other with described inverter, links to each other with described loading interfaces, and connects electrical network; Two-way inverter links to each other with described distribution box; Storage battery links to each other with described two-way inverter.
Wherein, described solar module links to each other by contact conductor with described photovoltaic generating module.
Wherein, in the described cooling device box organic media with cold-starting characteristic is housed.
Wherein, described solar module is the crystal silicon solar energy battery array.
The utility model not only can be realized round-the-clock power supply, and the boiler heat can also constantly be provided, and utilizes the photovoltaic/thermal effect of solar cell in order fully.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 utilizes the structural scheme of mechanism of system for solar energy composite of the present utility model.
Among the figure: 1, solar module; 2, cooling device box outlet; 3, contact conductor; 4, lightning protection device; 5, inverter; 6, distribution box; 7, electrical network; 8, storage battery; 9, two-way inverter; 10, loading interfaces; 11, controller; 12, first boiler; 13, heat exchanger; 14, temperature sensor; 15, electromagnetically operated valve; 16, relay; 17, second water heater; 18, temperature sensor; 19, electric heater; 20, circulating pump; 21, pressure sensor; 22, cooling device box import; 23, temperature sensor; 24, outlet pipe; 25, hand-operated valve; 26, water inlet pipe; 27, altitude valve; 28, altitude valve.
Embodiment
The solar energy composite that the utility model proposes utilizes system, is described in detail as follows in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, solar energy composite of the present utility model utilizes system to comprise: solar module 1, photovoltaic generating module that links to each other with solar module 1 and photo-thermal modular converter, photovoltaic generating module and photo-thermal modular converter link to each other with load by loading interfaces 10.
Wherein, solar module 1 is the crystal silicon solar energy battery array.
Solar module 1 is connected by contact conductor 3 with photovoltaic generating module, photovoltaic generating module was followed successively by with being connected of solar module 1: lightning protection device 4, inverter 5, distribution box 6, two-way inverter 9, storage battery 8, distribution box 6 links to each other with electrical network 7, also connects loading interfaces 10 simultaneously.
The photo-thermal modular converter comprises: the cooling device box that is fixed in solar module 1 bottom; Heat exchanger 13 links to each other with cooling device box outlet 2 by pipeline, and is arranged in first boiler 12; Circulating pump 20 links to each other with heat exchanger 13 by pipeline, and also links to each other with cooling device box import 22, and cooling device box and heat exchanger 13, circulating pump 20 form a circulation; Second boiler 17 links to each other by pipeline with first boiler 12, and the electric heaters 19 that are arranged in second boiler 17 link to each other with loading interfaces 10; First boiler 12 and second boiler 17 all link to each other with water inlet pipe 26, are respectively arranged with altitude valve 28, altitude valve 27 on the connecting tube; Second boiler 17 is connected with outlet pipe 24, and connecting tube is provided with hand-operated valve 25.
Wherein, be provided with the temperature sensor 23 that links to each other with controller 11 in the cooling device box; Be provided with the temperature sensor 14 that links to each other with controller 11 in first boiler 12; Be provided with the temperature sensor 18 that links to each other with controller 11 in second boiler 17, be provided with the pressure sensor 21 that is connected with controller 11 in the circulating pump 20; Be connected with relay 16 between electric heater 19 and the loading interfaces 10, and relay 16 links to each other with controller 11; First boiler 12 is provided with the electromagnetically operated valve 15 that links to each other with controller 11 with the connecting tube of second boiler 17.
Organic media with cold-starting characteristic is housed, to solar module 1 no corrosion function in the cooling device box; First boiler, 12 water temperatures are made as 20 ℃, are beneficial to heat exchange and can keep solar module 1 to work under 25 ℃ of states; Running water is by water inlet pipe 26, flow in first boiler 12 through altitude valve 28, in altitude valve 27 enters second boiler 17, first boiler, 12 water temperatures are set at 20 ℃, then flow into second boiler, 17, the second boilers, 17 water temperatures greater than 20 ℃ and set on demand, cooperate controller 11 to control by electric heater 19 by electromagnetically operated valve 15, through hand-operated valve 25, flow out for using it for anything else from outlet pipe 24.
The course of work of the present utility model is:
Solar radiation solar module 1, produce the photovoltaic/thermal effect, wherein photoelectric effect is sent direct current through contact conductor 3, lightning protection device 4, combining inverter 5, distribution box 6, by earlier for loading interfaces 10, again for two-way inverter 9 to storage battery 8 again the program of power supply network 7 distribute energy output; At the cloudy day, during solar module 1 generation deficiency, insufficient section is powered to the load by distribution box 6 to loading interfaces 10 by electrical network 7, or storage battery 8 powers to the load by two-way inverter 9 to distribution box 6 to load interface 10; Then by electrical network 7 by distribution box 6 to loading interfaces 10 powered to the load when not generating electricity evening, or 10 think electric by two-way inverter 9 to distribution box 6 to loading interfaces by storage battery 8; Electrical network 7 power down when solar module 1 does not generate electricity, by 10 power supplies to distribution box 6 to loading interfaces of two-way inverter 9, realize round-the-clock power supply by storage battery 8.
Simultaneously, coolant in the heat heating solar battery module 1 that photo-thermal effect produces, when being reached controller 11 and shown 25 ℃ by temperature sensor 23, coolant temperature becomes gaseous state by liquid state, carry out heat exchange by cooling device box outlet 2 to the water in the heat exchanger 13 and first boiler 12, water temperature to 20 ℃ (being set at 20 ℃), provide signal by temperature sensor 14, emit hot water to the second boiler 17 by controller 11 opens solenoid valve 15, altitude valve 28 replenishes running water to the first boiler 12 again; Coolant changes liquid state into by gaseous state, flow to circulating pump 20, pressure sensor 21 pressure are increased to set point, starts circulating pump 20 liquid cooling mediums by controller 11 and enters solar module 1 by cooling device box import 22 and carry out next circulation; The water temperature of second boiler 17 provides signal by temperature sensor 18, by opening or closing of controller 11 relays 16 control electric heaters 19, keeps set water temperature, by hand-operated valve 25, flow out from outlet pipe 24, for using it for anything else, its water level is by altitude valve 27, water inlet pipe 26 controls.
Above execution mode only is used to illustrate the utility model; and be not to restriction of the present utility model; the those of ordinary skill in relevant technologies field; under the situation that does not break away from spirit and scope of the present utility model; can also make various variations and modification; therefore all technical schemes that are equal to also belong to category of the present utility model, and scope of patent protection of the present utility model should be defined by the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a solar energy composite utilizes system, it is characterized in that, this system comprises: solar module (1), the photovoltaic generating module and the photo-thermal modular converter that link to each other with described solar module (1), described photovoltaic generating module and described photo-thermal modular converter link to each other with load by loading interfaces (10), and described photo-thermal modular converter comprises:
The cooling device box is fixed in described solar module (1) bottom;
Heat exchanger (13) links to each other with described cooling device box by pipeline, is arranged in first boiler (12);
Circulating pump (20) links to each other with described heat exchanger (13) by pipeline, and also links to each other with described cooling device box;
Second boiler (17) links to each other with described first boiler (12) by pipeline;
Electric heater (19) is arranged in second boiler (17), links to each other with described loading interfaces (10).
2. solar energy composite as claimed in claim 1 utilizes system, it is characterized in that, described photo-thermal modular converter also comprises:
Water inlet pipe (26) all links to each other with described first boiler (12) and second boiler (17);
Outlet pipe (24) links to each other with described second boiler (17);
Controller (11) all links to each other with described cooling device box, first boiler (12), second boiler (17) and circulating pump (20).
3. solar energy composite as claimed in claim 2 utilizes system, it is characterized in that, is provided with altitude valve on the connecting tube of described water inlet pipe (26) and described first boiler (12) and described second boiler (17); Described outlet pipe (24) is provided with hand-operated valve (25);
4. solar energy composite as claimed in claim 2 utilizes system, it is characterized in that, is connected with relay (16) between described electric heater (19) and the described loading interfaces (10), and described relay (16) links to each other with described controller (11).
5. solar energy composite as claimed in claim 2 utilizes system, it is characterized in that, be provided with temperature sensor in (12) and second boiler (17) in the described cooling device box, in first boiler, described circulating pump is provided with pressure sensor in (20), and described each temperature sensor, pressure sensor all are connected with described controller (11).
6. solar energy composite as claimed in claim 2 utilizes system, it is characterized in that, described first boiler (12) is provided with electromagnetically operated valve (15) with the connecting tube of described second boiler (17), and described electromagnetically operated valve (15) is connected with described controller (11).
7. solar energy composite as claimed in claim 1 utilizes system, it is characterized in that, described photovoltaic generating module comprises:
Lightning protection device (4) links to each other with described solar module (1);
Inverter (5) links to each other with described lightning protection device (4);
Distribution box (6) links to each other with described inverter (5), links to each other with described loading interfaces (10), and connects electrical network (7);
Two-way inverter (9) links to each other with described distribution box (6);
Storage battery (8) links to each other with described two-way inverter (9).
8. solar energy composite as claimed in claim 7 utilizes system, it is characterized in that, described solar module (1) links to each other by contact conductor (3) with described photovoltaic generating module.
9. utilize system as each described solar energy composite of claim 1-8, it is characterized in that, in the described cooling device box organic media with cold-starting characteristic is housed.
10. utilize system as each described solar energy composite of claim 1-8, it is characterized in that, described solar module (1) is the crystal silicon solar energy battery array.
CN2009201082681U 2009-05-25 2009-05-25 Solar energy comprehensive utilization system Expired - Fee Related CN201467025U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201082681U CN201467025U (en) 2009-05-25 2009-05-25 Solar energy comprehensive utilization system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201082681U CN201467025U (en) 2009-05-25 2009-05-25 Solar energy comprehensive utilization system

Publications (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102162652A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-08-24 福州斯狄渢电热水器有限公司 Instant solar comprehensive heating system
CN102635975A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-15 上海理工大学 Household cold and hot integrated machine with auxiliary power generating and heating by solar photovoltaic battery
CN104135229A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-11-05 大盛微电科技股份有限公司 Solar cogeneration system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102162652A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-08-24 福州斯狄渢电热水器有限公司 Instant solar comprehensive heating system
CN102635975A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-15 上海理工大学 Household cold and hot integrated machine with auxiliary power generating and heating by solar photovoltaic battery
CN104135229A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-11-05 大盛微电科技股份有限公司 Solar cogeneration system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100512

Termination date: 20140525