CN201311677Y - Rapid power supply station of electric automobile with super capacitor - Google Patents

Rapid power supply station of electric automobile with super capacitor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201311677Y
CN201311677Y CNU2008201400035U CN200820140003U CN201311677Y CN 201311677 Y CN201311677 Y CN 201311677Y CN U2008201400035 U CNU2008201400035 U CN U2008201400035U CN 200820140003 U CN200820140003 U CN 200820140003U CN 201311677 Y CN201311677 Y CN 201311677Y
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China
Prior art keywords
charging
circular arc
arc metal
electric automobile
ultracapacitor
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Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CNU2008201400035U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹沛晴
向宇瑭
吕宁一
包丽颖
张辉
苏岳锋
卢华权
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CNU2008201400035U priority Critical patent/CN201311677Y/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a rapid power supply station of an electric automobile with a super capacitor, comprising a charging parking space, two circular arc metal charging shelves, an anode rectangular charging trough, a cathode rectangular charging trough, an AC/DC transducer, a rectangular groove, a sliding chute, a mounting bracket and a spring. The rectangular groove is arranged on the charging parking space opposite to the bottom of the super capacitor of the electric automobile; the circular arc metal charging shelves are mounted on the mounting bracket on the transverse side in the rectangular groove by screw nails; the spring is arranged at the lower part of the mounting bracket, one end of the spring is fixedly connected with the circular arc metal charging shelves and the other end is fixedly connected with the mounting bracket; the other ends of the circular arc metal charging shelves are in supporting connection with the upper end of the other transverse side in the rectangular groove, the lower end of the transverse side, which is in supporting connection with the circular arc metal charging shelves, is provided with the sliding chute; the backs of the circular arc metal charging shelves are provided with the anode rectangular charging trough and the cathode rectangular charging trough; and a DC power supply is connected with the anode rectangular charging trough and the cathode rectangular charging trough. The utility model realizes rapid charging and promotes the popularization of electric motor cars.

Description

The quick supply station of a kind of power supply of ultracapacitor electric automobile
Technical field
The utility model relates to the quick supply station of a kind of power supply, and the quick supply station of particularly a kind of power supply of ultracapacitor electric automobile belongs to power technique fields.
Background technology
Ultracapacitor (Supercapacitors, Ultracapacitors) be also referred to as electrochemical capacitor (Electrochemical Capacitor, EC), it is a kind of novel electrical energy storage device, but because the energy density of ultracapacitor is lower, the subject matter that exists as the pure electric automobile of electrical source of power with ultracapacitor is that the continual mileage after each charging is shorter.Such as what put into operation in 2006 is Shanghai 11 road electric bus of electrical source of power with the ultracapacitor, though the duration of charging only needed for tens seconds, power storage and transformation efficiency are also very high, but just 3~8 kilometers of continual mileages, so the website that must stop is on the way set up charging device, in the gap of passenger getting on/off to charging electric vehicle.If bank of super capacitors is applied to electric sedan, its continual mileage also only has about 30km.Therefore, for the ultracapacitor electric automobile, must set up the quick charge device that matches with ultracapacitor.
(number of patent application: patent application 200510076619.1) discloses four kinds of electric automobile charging station systems and has constituted schemes the Qian Liangguo of Beijing Electromechanical Research Inst, thinks that best electric automobile charging station mainly is made of electric power system, accumulator system, some non-isolation high frequency charging sets and charging station supervisory system.Yuan Lihui has invented a kind of operation method and device (number of patent application: 200510113906.5) of electric automobile of superior plate, on road, use current-carrying plate, in the electric motor car bottom liftable charging electrode is installed, is made things convenient for electric automobile to charge at any time, can not stop for a long time to travel.Wang Tieliang and Wang Huafa understand a kind of charge operation method (number of patent application: 200710118518.5) of electric automobile, this method think can be as the filling station layout charging station, utilizing grid alternating current, solar cell or aerogenerator etc. then is vehicle charging.These inventions have all proposed good idea and method at the charging problem in the electric automobile operational process, because bank of super capacitors has very excellent high current charge-discharge ability, and efficiency for charge-discharge, cycle life, safety and stability performance are better than current any secondary cell, so in this power supply rapid system, selecting bank of super capacitors as electrical source of power, is the realization electric automobile is finished charging in such time of extremely lacking of tens seconds to a few minutes most important condition.Used ultracapacitor can be double layer capacitor, pseudo capacitance device and the electrochemical mixed capacitor of any inorganic and organic system.Because the voltage of ultracapacitor is directly proportional with capacity, but charging problem at the ultracapacitor electric automobile, especially easily quick charge capability remains in big gap, not appearing in the newspapers as yet both at home and abroad at present, should this be that the critical problem that the ultracapacitor electric motor car is popularized is loaded in constraint.
Summary of the invention
The quick supply station of power supply of a kind of ultracapacitor electric automobile that the utility model relates to, solved the rapid charge problem of ultracapacitor electric automobile, effectively promote popularizing of ultracapacitor electric motor car, be the travel popular critical problem that solved of instrument of this real environmental protection.
The utility model comprises charging parking stall, two circular arc metal charging shelves, two both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slots, AC/DC converter, two rectangular recess, chute, fixed mount and springs, wherein, both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot is the metallic copper groove, and peripherals is the ultracapacitor and the voltage monitoring module of relay, the charging of IC ammeter, control system, electric automobile;
On the y direction charging parking stall relative, have two rectangular recess,, now the locations of structures relation is described with one because of two inner structures are identical with the bottom of the ultracapacitor of electric automobile; Circular arc metal charging bow is installed in the fixed mount of the horizontal side in the rectangular recess respectively by screw, spring is positioned at the bottom of fixed mount, one end and circular arc metal charging bow are connected, the other end and fixed mount are connected, the other end of circular arc metal charging bow is conflicted with another upper end, horizontal side in the rectangular recess and is connected, the lower end that is connected with the conflict of circular arc metal charging bow on this horizontal side has chute, and the hunchbacked portion of circular arc metal charging bow is equipped with both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot; Wherein, to be that the height of normal compact car is positive and negative be no more than 20% to the height on charging parking stall, circular arc metal charging shelf has elasticity, the setting height(from bottom) of circular arc metal charging bow will be higher than the surface level on the parking stall of charging, conflicting with both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot when the work with the charging contact of the ultracapacitor of ultracapacitor electric automobile is connected to suitablely, and the length of chute and the circular arc metal setting height(from bottom) of bending of charging is consistent.Become direct supply behind the 220V of urban distribution network output or the 380V alternating current process AC/DC converter, the both positive and negative polarity of direct supply links to each other with two of both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slots respectively.
When the ultracapacitor electric automobile is opened in the process of charging parking stall, under the action of gravity on wheel or chassis (installation site of depending on ultracapacitor), by extruding to both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot, the circular arc metal charging bow that will be connected with the upper end conflict of horizontal side is depressed along chute, when the ultracapacitor electric automobile the charging parking stall go into the position stop after, under the effect of spring, the upwards bounce-back of circular arc metal charging bow makes both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot conflict with ultracapacitor and is connected.
Entire circuit is chargeed and control system control by the IC-card ammeter, at this moment, after the driver can charge by the IC-card ammeter that is installed in parking stall one side and pay, power supply is switched on, the voltage monitoring module starts voltage and the capacity that monitors and manage ultracapacitor, and control system is adjusted two voltage and conducting electric currents between the charging bow, and vehicle is charged, and finishes charging simultaneously.When vehicle charges the ionization position of driving, electric current disconnects, and the charging bow will be upspring again and be resetted.
Wherein, the voltage monitoring module is monitored the voltage of each monolithic capacitor in the bank of super capacitors in real time, and by adjusting the size of bypass resistance, the voltage of each monolithic capacitor and capacity is consistent substantially; The voltage monitoring module shows bank of super capacitors voltage in real time by light emitting diode.
Parking stall formula IC-card charging station also is custom-designed for this power supply fast supply system, and so-called parking stall formula IC-card charging station just means that this charging station build on the parking stall, and comes metering electric charge and Control current by the IC-card ammeter.
For making things convenient for electric automobile to carry out rapid charge, this power supply fast supply system has been installed two parallel charging slots in the electric automobile bottom design, links to each other with the both positive and negative polarity of bank of super capacitors by power lead respectively.When electric automobile sails parking stall formula IC-card charging station into, the metallic copper groove is closely contact with it; After vehicle left charging station, and metal charging bow is taken advantage of a situation and derived the metallic copper groove, the groove door can automatically reset.Such design can prevent mud, the water pollution metal copper groove in the vehicle operating process.The width of groove door is 1/2nd of a charging slot width, just in time whole metallic copper groove can be covered, and charging slot thickness is identical with the width of groove door, can guarantee that like this groove door opens when clamp-oning inwards fully at charging bow.The length of charging slot, width and thickness are according to different electric automobile sizes, and its scope is: length at 40cm between the 200cm, width at 10cm between the 40cm, thickness at 5cm between the 20cm.For making things convenient for electric automobile maintenance, the waterproof charging slot be fixed on car by bolt or anchor clamps at the bottom of, be very easy to dismounting.
Such parking stall formula IC-card charging station is cheap, can be installed on any one parking stall in city, be convenient to electric automobile and can replenish power supply whenever and wherever possible, replenish in the power supply process, the driver does not need to get off, and only needs car is reached the parking stall, by the IC-card Control current conducting of special use, Nai Xin wait tens seconds or a few minutes just can be full of electricity then, continue to set out on a journey and travel.Because electric current can only be open-minded by special-purpose IC-card,, also be very safe so the circular arc metal charging bow that is exposed on the parking stall under the off working state is uncharged.
In this city electric car power supply fast supply system, bank of super capacitors, waterproof charging slot and parking stall formula IC-card charging station are organic wholes, and this is the key that guarantees that vehicle power supply can carry out rapid recharge.
Beneficial effect:
The utility model has designed a kind of quick supply station of city electric car power supply based on ultracapacitor, this system provides a kind of new operational mode for city electric car, electric automobile can be realized promptly filling promptly, do not stop for a long time to travel, whole charging process only needs tens seconds to a few minutes, any one parking stall in the middle of the city can be transformed into the charging parking stall, and charging process is fast flexible.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the position view among the circular arc charging shelf embodiment in the charging electric vehicle process
Fig. 2 is a parking stall formula IC-card charging station fundamental diagram
Wherein: 1-circular arc metal charging shelf, 2-rectangle charging slot, 3-AC/DC converter 4-rectangular recess, 5-chute, 6-fixed mount, 7-spring, 8-control system.
Embodiment
The utility model is mainly by charging parking stall, two circular arc metal charging shelves 1, two both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slots 2, AC/DC converter 3, rectangular recess 4, chute 5, fixed mount 6 and springs 7, wherein, both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot is the metallic copper groove, and peripherals is the ultracapacitor and the voltage monitoring module of relay, the charging of IC ammeter, control system 8, electric automobile;
On the y direction position relative with the bottom of the ultracapacitor of ultracapacitor electric automobile, charging has two rectangular recess 4 on the parking stall, and because of two inner structures are identical, existing is that example illustrates that locations of structures concerns with one.Circular arc metal charging bow 1 is installed in the fixed mount 6 of the horizontal side in the rectangular recess 4 respectively by screw, spring 7 is positioned at the bottom of fixed mount 6, one end and circular arc metal charging shelf 1 are connected, the other end and fixed mount 6 are connected, the other end of circular arc metal charging shelf 1 is conflicted with another upper end, horizontal side in the rectangular recess 4 and is connected, the lower end that is connected with 1 conflict of circular arc metal charging shelf on this horizontal side has chute 5, and 1 one of shelf of circular arc metal charging is equipped with both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot 2; Wherein, to be that the height of normal compact car is positive and negative be no more than 20% to the height on charging parking stall, circular arc metal charging shelf 1 has elasticity, the setting height(from bottom) of circular arc metal charging shelf 1 will be higher than the surface level on the parking stall of charging, conflicting with both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot 2 when the work with the charging contact of the ultracapacitor of ultracapacitor electric automobile is connected to suitablely, and the charge setting height(from bottom) of shelf 1 of the length of chute 5 and circular arc metal is consistent.Become direct supply behind the 220V of urban distribution network output or the 380V alternating current process AC/DC converter, the both positive and negative polarity of direct supply links to each other with 2 two of both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slots respectively.
When the ultracapacitor electric automobile is opened in the process of charging parking stall, under the action of gravity on wheel or chassis (installation site of depending on ultracapacitor), by extruding to both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot 2, the circular arc metal charging shelf 1 that will be connected with the upper end conflict of horizontal side is depressed along chute 5, when the ultracapacitor electric automobile the charging parking stall go into the position stop after, under the effect of spring 7, the 1 upwards bounce-back of circular arc metal charging shelf makes both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot 2 conflict with ultracapacitor and is connected.
Entire circuit is chargeed and control system 8 controls by the IC-card ammeter, at this moment, after the driver can charge by the IC-card ammeter that is installed in parking stall one side and pay, power supply is switched on, the voltage monitoring module starts voltage and the capacity that monitors and manage ultracapacitor, and control system is transferred voltage and conducting electric current between 2 whole two circular arc metals charging shelves 1, and vehicle is charged, and finishes charging simultaneously.When vehicle charges the ionization position of driving, electric current disconnects, and circular arc metal charging shelf 1 will be upspring again and be resetted.The voltage monitoring module can be monitored the voltage of each monolithic capacitor in the bank of super capacitors in real time, and can the voltage of each monolithic capacitor and capacity is consistent substantially by adjusting the size of bypass resistance; The voltage monitoring module shows bank of super capacitors voltage in real time by light emitting diode.
Parking stall formula IC-card charging station also is custom-designed for this power supply fast supply system, and so-called parking stall formula IC-card charging station just means that this charging station build on the parking stall, and comes metering electric charge and Control current by the IC-card ammeter.

Claims (2)

1, the quick supply station of a kind of power supply of ultracapacitor electric automobile, comprise charging parking stall, two circular arc metal charging shelves (1), two both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slots (2), AC/DC converter (3), two rectangular recess (4), chute (5), fixed mount (6) and spring (7), wherein, both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot (2) is the metallic copper groove, and peripherals is the ultracapacitor and the voltage monitoring module of relay, the charging of IC ammeter, control system (8), electric automobile; It is characterized in that: on the y direction charging parking stall relative, have two rectangular recess (4) with the bottom of the ultracapacitor of electric automobile, circular arc metal charging shelf (1) is installed in the fixed mount (6) of horizontal side in the rectangular recess (4) by screw, spring (7) is positioned at the bottom of fixed mount (6), one end and circular arc metal charging shelf (1) are connected, the other end and fixed mount (6) are connected, the other end of circular arc metal charging shelf (1) is conflicted with another upper end, horizontal side in the rectangular recess (4) and is connected, the lower end that is connected with circular arc metal charging shelf (1) conflict on this horizontal side has chute (5), and circular arc metal charging shelf (1) back is equipped with both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot (2); Direct supply links to each other with both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot (2).
2. the quick supply station of the power supply of a kind of ultracapacitor electric automobile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: to be that the height of normal compact car is positive and negative be no more than 20% to the height on charging parking stall, circular arc metal charging shelf (1) has elasticity, the setting height(from bottom) of circular arc metal charging shelf (1) is conflicted with both positive and negative polarity rectangle charging slot (2) when the work with the charging contact of the ultracapacitor of ultracapacitor electric automobile and is connected to suitablely, and the charge setting height(from bottom) of shelf (1) of the length of chute (5) and circular arc metal is consistent.
CNU2008201400035U 2008-10-20 2008-10-20 Rapid power supply station of electric automobile with super capacitor Expired - Lifetime CN201311677Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201400035U CN201311677Y (en) 2008-10-20 2008-10-20 Rapid power supply station of electric automobile with super capacitor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201400035U CN201311677Y (en) 2008-10-20 2008-10-20 Rapid power supply station of electric automobile with super capacitor

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101404096B (en) * 2008-10-20 2010-08-11 曹沛晴 City electric car power supply fast supply system based on super capacitor
CN102243785A (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-11-16 金健 Dynamic charging billing control system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101404096B (en) * 2008-10-20 2010-08-11 曹沛晴 City electric car power supply fast supply system based on super capacitor
CN102243785A (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-11-16 金健 Dynamic charging billing control system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20090916

Effective date of abandoning: 20081020