CN201208552Y - Dry process rolling granulator - Google Patents

Dry process rolling granulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201208552Y
CN201208552Y CNU2008200863025U CN200820086302U CN201208552Y CN 201208552 Y CN201208552 Y CN 201208552Y CN U2008200863025 U CNU2008200863025 U CN U2008200863025U CN 200820086302 U CN200820086302 U CN 200820086302U CN 201208552 Y CN201208552 Y CN 201208552Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
roll
comminutor
new dry
classifying screen
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2008200863025U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙宝法
Original Assignee
孙宝法
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Application filed by 孙宝法 filed Critical 孙宝法
Priority to CNU2008200863025U priority Critical patent/CN201208552Y/en
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Publication of CN201208552Y publication Critical patent/CN201208552Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a novel dry-process rolling granulator, which comprises a stander and a bucket conveyer that is arranged on the stander vertically and provided with a feeding hole at the lower part as well as a discharge hole at the upper part, and is characterized in that a material feeding bin is arranged at the discharge hole of the bucket conveyer; a parts feeder, a feeding machine, a flaking machine, a granule breaking machine, a granulation machine and a grading screen which are connected sequentially and arranged vertically are arranged under the material feeding bin; a finished product discharging adapter and a fine stuff recovery adapter are arranged on the grading screen; the fine stuff recovery adapter is connected with the feeding hole of the bucket conveyer. The novel dry-process rolling granulator has the advantages of vertical disposition of the whole device, compact structure, convenient maintenance, simple operation, short process flow, low energy consumption, high efficiency, low failure rate, wide applicable material range, freewill adjustment for the granule strength according to different materiel and high product quality, accords with the environmental protection requirements, reduces the powder waste, and effectively lowers the material cost.

Description

New dry process roll-in comminutor
Technical field
The utility model relates to field of mechanical technique, especially relates to a kind of new dry process roll-in comminutor.
Background technology
The dry method rolling comminutor is the mode that adopts the dry method extruding with water content is that about 10% granular material compresses in flakes, again through broken, whole grain, sieve, make the sheet lump material become the device of the granular material that meets instructions for use.The dry method rolling granulation mainly is an outer pressing mode, makes material force to compress in blocks or various spherical by two counterrotating running roller gaps.In the roll-in process, the actual density of material can increase 1.5-3 doubly, thereby reaches certain intensity requirements.
In order to improve the performance of dry method rolling comminutor, people have carried out long-term exploration, have proposed various solutions.For example; Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of vertical flat-die comminutor [CN200620028648.0]; it is characterized in that motor is vertically fixed on the frame, the power input shaft of reduction box and output shaft and motor shaft parallel vertical are provided with, and reduction gearing is intermeshed in the horizontal direction.Gear in the utility model reduction box is the level engagement, can adopt the multi-stage speed-reducing structure, make power turn round short pass and pass steadily, and the transmission efficiency height, it is little to wear and tear between gear, and machine noise is low, and reduction box is simple in structure, and is easy to maintenance.The somebody has invented a kind of dry powder running roller compaction apparatus [CN99229023.6], comprise driving mechanism, be connected the forward and backward bearing block on the frame, the pretension governor motion and a pair of can counterrotating forward and backward running roller, driving mechanism is made up of two line shafts, two power transmission shafts and reduction gearing, forward and backward running roller is circumferential surface and is provided with corresponding groove or convex tendon, one side respectively with two power transmission shaft loads, opposite side respectively with two hollow bolster loads, power transmission shaft and bolster are contained on the forward and backward bearing block by bearing respectively; Also has the cooling body that constitutes by water inlet pipe and house steward.Therefore but has continued operation, applied widely and characteristics that maintenance cost is low.
Such scheme provides performance to a certain extent, makes structure obtain optimization, but still exists some shortcomings.For example: 1, overall structure more complicated, manufacturing cost height; 2, the flexibility of Shi Yonging is relatively poor, is difficult to require to regulate according to different manufacturings, and product specification is single; 3, the product that is difficult to process sieves, and undesirable product can't be processed once more, and the cost of material height causes environmental pollution easily; 4, equipment intensity is not high, and service life is short, needs often maintenance.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is at the problems referred to above, and a kind of compact conformation, easy to maintenance, simple to operate, technological process is short, energy consumption is low, efficient is high, fault rate is low new dry process roll-in comminutor are provided.
Another purpose of the present utility model is at the problems referred to above; provide that a kind of applicable raw materials scope is wide, granule strength can freely be adjusted product quality height, compliance with environmental protection requirements according to different material; reduce the powder waste, the new dry process roll-in comminutor of the cost that effectively economizes in raw materials.
An also purpose of the present utility model is at the problems referred to above, provides a kind of employing speed governing VFC to feed in raw material and forced feed, and sieve plate links to each other with classifying screen by demountable structure and changes the comminutor of new dry process roll-in very easily.
For achieving the above object; the utility model has adopted following technical proposal: this new dry process roll-in comminutor; comprise frame; be installed on the frame and the bucket elevator that vertically is provided with; the bottom of bucket elevator is provided with charging aperture; top is provided with discharging opening; it is characterized in that; the discharging opening place of described bucket elevator is provided with and adds feed bin; add feed bin below be provided with successively the feed appliance that links to each other and vertically arrange; feeding machine; flaking machine; crushed machine; pelletizing machine and classifying screen; classifying screen is provided with finished product discharging adapter and fines reclaims adapter, and fines reclaims to take over and is connected with the charging aperture of bucket elevator.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, described classifying screen also is provided with coarse fodder and reclaims adapter, and described coarse fodder reclaims to take over and is connected with crushed machine.Reclaiming adapter by coarse fodder can carry out bigger particle once more broken.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, the discharging opening of described bucket elevator is provided with the discharging flexible pipe, described discharging flexible pipe with add feed bin and link to each other.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, the described feed bin that adds is the oscillatory type feed bin.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, described feed appliance is spiral feed appliance.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, converter plant is housed respectively in described feed appliance and the feeding machine.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, be provided with two in the described flaking machine and can rotate relatively and, between two running rollers, be provided with the gap by hydraulically powered running roller, above-mentioned running roller is made by alloy material; The bottom of flaking machine is provided with rolls the sheet adapter, rolls the sheet adapter and is connected with crushed machine.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, described crushed machine top is provided with feed pipe, and feed pipe is taken over and to be linked to each other with rolling sheet, and the crushed machine bottom is provided with particle and takes over, and described particle adapter is connected with pelletizing machine.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, described pelletizing machine bottom is provided with material all in one piece and goes out pipe, and described material all in one piece goes out pipe and is connected with classifying screen.
In above-mentioned new dry process roll-in comminutor, be provided with sieve plate in the described classifying screen, this sieve plate links to each other with classifying screen by demountable structure, takes in the finished product discharging of classifying screen and is connected to finished product discharging flexible pipe.
Various dry materials add by the feed bin that adds of bucket elevator from the equipment top, contract and are delivered to flaking machine through the degassing, preloaded helical compression, and two roll constant speed of flaking machine, reverse rotation are nipped material in the groove and carried out enforce compression.The pressure that bears after the compression of material by the flaking machine compressional zone reduces gradually; its surface tension and gravity make it nature and deviate from; enter crushed machine and pelletizing machine fragmentation, finishing; entering classifying screen then sieves; certified products are admitted to finished bin by external conveyer or directly pack; the fines that classifying screen filters out reclaim to be taken over to be sent back to once more by fines and is added feed bin and carry out the secondary roll-in, realizes cycling.
The big I of extruding force is regulated by hydraulic system according to the needs of granule strength.By changing the roll surface fluting form of two rolls of flaking machine, can obtain materials such as sheet, strip, olive-shaped, oblate spheroid shape.Material need not any additives through the moulding of mechanical pressure enforce compression, and product purity is guaranteed.The direct granulation of material need not follow-up dry run, more helps the linking and the transformation of existing production procedure.Main drive disk assembly of the present utility model all adopts high duty alloy material, stainless steel material, titanium material, chromium and other surface alloys to make, and has improved wear-resistant, corrosion-resistant, the high temperature resistant and voltage endurance capability of equipment greatly, makes this device have long service life.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of this new dry process roll-in comminutor is: 1, the vertical layout of whole device, compact conformation, easy to maintenance, simple to operate, technological process is short, energy consumption is low, efficient is high, fault rate is low.2, wide, the granule strength of applicable raw materials scope can freely be adjusted according to different material, the product quality height, and compliance with environmental protection requirements, the minimizing powder is wasted, and cost effectively economizes in raw materials.3, adopt the speed governing VFC feed in raw material and forced feed, sieve plate gets up very convenient by the demountable structure replacing that links to each other with classifying screen.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the utility model provides.
Among the figure, frame 1, bucket elevator 2, charging aperture 21, discharging opening 22, discharging flexible pipe 23, add feed bin 3, feed appliance 4, feeding machine 5, flaking machine 6, roll that sheet takes over 61, crushed machine 7, particle take over 71, feed pipe 72, pelletizing machine 8, material all in one piece go out pipe 81, classifying screen 9, finished product discharging take over 91, fines reclaim take over 92, finished product discharging flexible pipe 93.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, new dry process roll-in comminutor comprises frame 1, is installed on the frame 1 and the bucket elevator 2 that vertically is provided with, and the bottom of bucket elevator 2 is provided with charging aperture 21, and top is provided with discharging opening 22.Discharging opening 22 places of bucket elevator 2 are provided with and add feed bin 3, add feed bin 3 below be provided with successively feed appliance 4, feeding machine 5, flaking machine 6, crushed machine 7, pelletizing machine 8 and the classifying screen 9 that links to each other and vertically arrange.
The discharging opening 22 of the bucket elevator 2 of this new dry process roll-in comminutor is provided with discharging flexible pipe 23, described discharging flexible pipe 23 with add feed bin 3 and link to each other.Add feed bin 3 and be the oscillatory type feed bin; Feed appliance 4 is spiral feed appliance; In feed appliance 4 and the feeding machine 5 converter plant is housed respectively.Be provided with two in the flaking machine 6 and can rotate relatively and by hydraulically powered running roller, be provided with the gap between two running rollers, above-mentioned running roller is made by alloy material.The bottom of flaking machine 6 is provided with rolls sheet and takes over 61, and crushed machine 7 tops are provided with feed pipe 72, feed pipe 72 with roll sheet and take over 61 and link to each other.Crushed machine 7 bottoms are provided with particle and take over 71, and particle is taken over 71 and is connected with pelletizing machine 8.Pelletizing machine 8 bottoms are provided with material all in one piece and go out pipe 81, and described material all in one piece goes out pipe 81 and is connected with classifying screen 9.Be provided with sieve plate in the classifying screen 9, this sieve plate links to each other with classifying screen 9 by demountable structure.
Classifying screen 9 be provided with the finished product discharging take over 91 and fines reclaim and take over 92, fines reclaims to be taken over 92 and is connected with the charging aperture 21 of bucket elevator 2.Classifying screen 9 also is provided with coarse fodder and reclaims adapter, and coarse fodder reclaims to take over and is connected with crushed machine 7.In the finished product discharging adapter 91 of classifying screen 9, be connected to finished product discharging flexible pipe 93.The fines that classifying screen 9 filters out reclaim to be taken over 92 by fines and is sent back to once more and add feed bin 3 and carry out the secondary roll-in, realizes cycling.Reclaiming adapter by coarse fodder then can be undertaken once more broken by crushed machine 7 bigger particle.
During work; dry powder passes through conveying worm; belt feeder or a dead lift enter the former feed bin of bucket elevator 2; by bucket elevator 2 material powder is sent into oscillatory type and add feed bin 3; by dosing device (feed appliance 4) material is sent into frequency conversion type vertical helical feeding machine 5 equably; to the material precommpression that outgases; be pressed into two of flaking machine 6 through precompressed material and carry out compacting in the middle of the pressure roller in relative rotation; the strip of sheet material that is compacted enters disintegrating machine 7 after taking off groove automatically; be fractured into the uneven particle of size; entering pelletizing machine 8 then repairs; the sieve plate of particle after the finishing by the band mesh is extruded out and enters classifying screen 9; finished particle is admitted to finished bin by directly packing after sieving or entering bucket elevator; the granular material that sieves reclaims adapter 92 by fines and returns bucket elevator 2 former feed bins, and a closed circulation is finished in compacting thus once more.Reclaiming adapter by coarse fodder then can be undertaken once more broken by crushed machine 7 bigger particle.
Specific embodiment described herein only is that the utility model spirit is illustrated.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various modifications or replenishes or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present utility model or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.
Although this paper used frame 1, bucket elevator 2, charging aperture 21, discharging opening 22, discharging flexible pipe 23 morely, add feed bin 3, feed appliance 4, feeding machine 5, flaking machine 6, roll that sheet takes over 61, crushed machine 7, particle take over 71, feed pipe 72, pelletizing machine 8, material all in one piece go out pipe 81, classifying screen 9, finished product discharging take over 91, fines reclaim take over 92, term such as finished product discharging flexible pipe 93, do not get rid of the possibility of using other term.Using these terms only is in order to describe and explain essence of the present utility model more easily; They are construed to any additional restriction all is contrary with the utility model spirit.

Claims (10)

1. new dry process roll-in comminutor; comprise frame (1); be installed in the bucket elevator (2) that frame (1) goes up and vertically is provided with; the bottom of bucket elevator (2) is provided with charging aperture (21); top is provided with discharging opening (22); it is characterized in that; the discharging opening (22) of described bucket elevator (2) is located to be provided with and is added feed bin (3); be provided with the feed appliance (4) that links to each other and vertically arrange successively in the below that adds feed bin (3); feeding machine (5); flaking machine (6); crushed machine (7); pelletizing machine (8) and classifying screen (9); classifying screen (9) is provided with the finished product discharging and takes over (91) and fines recovery adapter (92), and fines reclaims adapter (92) and is connected with the charging aperture (21) of bucket elevator (2).
2. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described classifying screen (9) also is provided with coarse fodder and reclaims adapter, and described coarse fodder reclaims to take over and is connected with crushed machine (7).
3. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the discharging opening (22) of described bucket elevator (2) is provided with discharging flexible pipe (23), described discharging flexible pipe (23) with add feed bin (3) and link to each other.
4. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 3 is characterized in that, the described feed bin (3) that adds is the oscillatory type feed bin.
5. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 4 is characterized in that described feed appliance (4) is spiral feed appliance.
6. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, in described feed appliance (4) and the feeding machine (5) converter plant is housed respectively.
7. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, be provided with two in the described flaking machine (6) and can rotate relatively and by hydraulically powered running roller, be provided with the gap between two running rollers, above-mentioned running roller is made by alloy material; The bottom of flaking machine (6) is provided with rolls sheet adapter (61), rolls sheet adapter (61) and is connected with crushed machine (7).
8. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 7; it is characterized in that; described crushed machine (7) top is provided with feed pipe (72); feed pipe (72) with roll sheet and take over (61) and link to each other; crushed machine (7) bottom is provided with particle and takes over (71), and described particle is taken over (71) and is connected with pelletizing machine (8).
9. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 8 is characterized in that, described pelletizing machine (8) bottom is provided with material all in one piece and goes out pipe (81), and described material all in one piece goes out pipe (81) and is connected with classifying screen (9).
10. new dry process roll-in comminutor according to claim 1; it is characterized in that; described classifying screen is provided with sieve plate in (9), and this sieve plate links to each other with classifying screen (9) by demountable structure, takes on (91) in the finished product discharging of classifying screen (9) and is connected to finished product discharging flexible pipe (93).
CNU2008200863025U 2008-05-07 2008-05-07 Dry process rolling granulator CN201208552Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101549269B (en) * 2009-05-11 2011-12-14 南京三普造粒装备有限公司 Double-roller type extruding and granulation device and granulation process flow thereof
CN102626667A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-08-08 重庆市易特杰机械制造有限公司 Dustless feeding, granulating, sieving and smashing system
CN103372401A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-10-30 都江堰市春盛中药饮片有限公司 Hydraulic lifting and granulating system
CN103861525A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-06-18 浙江明天机械有限公司 Dry method pelletizing machine
CN104192879A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-10 天津长芦海晶集团有限公司 Powdery magnesium sulfate monohydrate granulating production process
CN104399738A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-03-11 安徽中科华炬环保科技有限公司 Fly ash smelting pre-treatment system and fly ash treating method
CN105623202A (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-06-01 合肥杰事杰新材料股份有限公司 High wear-resistant silicon nitride/polyester terphthalate nano composite material and preparation method thereof
CN106879838A (en) * 2017-02-06 2017-06-23 康地饲料(中国)有限公司 A kind of production technology of elliposoidal sucking pig substitute breast milk
CN109571842A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-04-05 重庆七彩虹新材料技术有限公司 Coating preforming device
CN109774230A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-05-21 王忠祥 A kind of automatic charging press machine
CN109878137A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-14 王忠祥 A kind of feeding in continuous material press machine
CN111016257A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-17 李占永 Granulation method of solid powder water purifying agent

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101549269B (en) * 2009-05-11 2011-12-14 南京三普造粒装备有限公司 Double-roller type extruding and granulation device and granulation process flow thereof
CN102626667A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-08-08 重庆市易特杰机械制造有限公司 Dustless feeding, granulating, sieving and smashing system
CN102626667B (en) * 2012-04-12 2014-12-03 重庆市易特杰机械制造有限公司 Dustless feeding, granulating, sieving and smashing system
CN103372401A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-10-30 都江堰市春盛中药饮片有限公司 Hydraulic lifting and granulating system
CN103861525A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-06-18 浙江明天机械有限公司 Dry method pelletizing machine
CN103861525B (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-09-30 浙江明天机械有限公司 A kind of dry granulating machine
CN104192879A (en) * 2014-09-03 2014-12-10 天津长芦海晶集团有限公司 Powdery magnesium sulfate monohydrate granulating production process
CN105623202A (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-06-01 合肥杰事杰新材料股份有限公司 High wear-resistant silicon nitride/polyester terphthalate nano composite material and preparation method thereof
CN105623202B (en) * 2014-11-21 2018-12-18 合肥杰事杰新材料股份有限公司 A kind of silicon nitride of high abrasion/polyester terephthalate nanocomposite and preparation method thereof
CN104399738A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-03-11 安徽中科华炬环保科技有限公司 Fly ash smelting pre-treatment system and fly ash treating method
CN106879838A (en) * 2017-02-06 2017-06-23 康地饲料(中国)有限公司 A kind of production technology of elliposoidal sucking pig substitute breast milk
CN109571842A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-04-05 重庆七彩虹新材料技术有限公司 Coating preforming device
CN109774230A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-05-21 王忠祥 A kind of automatic charging press machine
CN109878137A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-14 王忠祥 A kind of feeding in continuous material press machine
CN111016257A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-17 李占永 Granulation method of solid powder water purifying agent

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Granted publication date: 20090318

Termination date: 20100507