CN202621118U - Counter-roller dry-method extrusion granulator - Google Patents

Counter-roller dry-method extrusion granulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202621118U
CN202621118U CN 201220129720 CN201220129720U CN202621118U CN 202621118 U CN202621118 U CN 202621118U CN 201220129720 CN201220129720 CN 201220129720 CN 201220129720 U CN201220129720 U CN 201220129720U CN 202621118 U CN202621118 U CN 202621118U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller
particle
outlet
discharging opening
cutter
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220129720
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨文福
Original Assignee
杨文福
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨文福 filed Critical 杨文福
Priority to CN 201220129720 priority Critical patent/CN202621118U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202621118U publication Critical patent/CN202621118U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a granulator, in particular to a counter-roller dry-method extrusion granulator which is high in granule molding rate, good in production quality, stable in operation, and strong in continuous operation. The counter-roller dry-method extrusion granulator comprises a rack, a material transport device, an extruding rolling sheet device, a complete granule crushing device and a grading discharge device. The material transport device is arranged on one side of the rack. The extruding rolling sheet device, the complete granule crushing device and the grading discharge device are arranged on the rack in sequence from top to bottom. The grading discharge device comprises a disqualified material outlet and a qualified material outlet. A material outlet of the material transport device is connected with a material inlet of the extrusion rolling sheet device. The complete granule crushing device comprises a machine body, a granule crushing device and a reshaping device. The granule crushing device and the reshaping device are arranged in the machine body. The granule crushing device is composed of a hammer type crushing cutter and a U-shaped granule crushing screen. The reshaping device is composed of a rolling type row cutter and a W-shaped reshaping screen. The reshaping screen is arranged below the granule crushing screen connected with the extrusion rolling sheet device. A corresponding rolling type row cutter is arranged in a groove. The grading material discharge device is communicated with the lower portion of the groove. The hammer type crushing cutter and the rolling type row cutter are driven by a drive motor.

Description

Pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of comminutor, is specially a kind of pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator.
Background technology
Comminutor is a kind of forming machine that can material be manufactured given shape, is widely used in fields such as chemical industry, petrochemical industry, pharmacy, food, building materials, mining and metallurgy, environmental protection, printing and dyeing, pottery, rubber, plastics.According to structure and the individual again CF type revolution belt condensation comminutor that is divided into of operation principle, flat shape double screw extruder, the drum dried pelleter, the pair roller comminutor, to the tooth comminutor, disc type vacuum condensation comminutor etc.
Wherein the pair roller comminutor is to process needed molding materials through extrusion process and granulation process; Extrusion process both dry material is agglomerated into the biscuit of fine and close hard bulk under pressure; Granulation process be biscuit be broken again the screening after become particulate material.The effect one of extruding is that intergranular air is supplanted, and is in addition to make grain spacing from reaching enough near, to produce like attractions such as Van der Waals force, absorption affinity, brilliant bridge and embedded connections.The particle of extruder grain mainly is the granule strength that leans on the active force between the molecule to form.The extruder grain that the pair roller comminutor is realized has following advantage: 1) energy-saving and cost-reducing; Extruder grain is that material carries out granulation at normal temperatures, compares with other method, does not need drying steps such as fuel oil, combustion gas.2) need not to add in addition adhesive; Domestic compound fertilizer production method commonly used is a steam granulation; Water vapour intermolecularly condenses at material, after the crystallization; In granulation process, play adhesive, but in dry run, must the granule interior and the water on surface driven out of again, otherwise chemical fertilizer be prone to bonding, caking in storage process; And non-slurry pelletizing does not need other additive, only need utilize the molecular separating force of material itself, has simplified flow process, has reduced energy consumption.3) cost is little, invests low; Owing to saved dry run, returning charge simultaneously is than low, and technological process is simple, invests lower.4) raw material is formed flexibly; Extruder grain raw materials for production route is more extensive, and the material that can be used in extruder grain has kind more than 20, like ammonium nitrate, urea, ammonium chloride, calcium nitrate, and potassium chloride, potassium sulfate etc.; In addition, adopt extruder grain can in the extremely short time, realize the replacing of formula for a product flexibly, but the product of a covering device production multiple formulations.5) environmental protection three-waste free discharge, the ability of extruder grain consumption is merely electric power, and the environmental protection three-waste free discharge adapts to the fundamental state policy of country about environmental protection, also meets the development strategy of environmental protection of enterpriseization.
But present existing pair roller comminutor, in the granulation stage, disintegrating machine separates with the pelletizing machine structure, causes the qualification rate of broken back product to reduce; In the prior art, in the pressure rolling unit that pair roller forms, working long hours causes the pressure roller heating, has influence on the moulding of material simultaneously; Charging stage raw material mixing is inhomogeneous again, and sneaking into of returning charge only carried out the processing of secondary screening during the screening of back in addition, all influenced the quality of grain products after the final molding.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to provide the grain forming rate in the whole grain of a kind of fragmentation process high, superior product quality, working stability, the pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator that the continuous operation ability is strong.
The utility model pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator; Comprise frame; Be arranged on the feeding device of frame one side; And the extruding that is arranged on from top to bottom successively on the frame rolls the sheet device, broken whole grain device and the classification drawing mechanism that comprises defective discharging opening and qualified discharging opening, the discharging opening of feeding device with push the feeding mouth that rolls the sheet device and be connected; It is characterized in that the whole grain of described fragmentation device comprises body, is arranged on particle device and apparatus for shaping in the body; The particle device is made up of the particle screen cloth of hammer crushing cutter and U type; Apparatus for shaping is made up of the shaping screen cloth of roller row's cutter and W type; The shaping screen cloth is arranged on and connects the particle screen cloth below that the sheet device is rolled in extruding, in the groove respectively correspondence be provided with roller row cutter, the groove below is connected with the classification drawing mechanism; Hammer crushing cutter and roller row cutter are respectively by the drive motors transmission.
Further, described feeding device comprises grinder-mixer and bucket elevator; The discharging opening of grinder-mixer is connected with the feeding mouth of bucket elevator, connects the aniseed outlet and the particle outlet of classification drawing mechanism on the feeding mouth.
Further, described extruding is rolled the sheet device and is comprised dosing device, forced feed device and press-roller device; Press-roller device is provided with the water cooling plant that is used for pressure controlled hydraulic means and is used to cool off pressure roller.
Further, described forced feed device comprises hopper and the awl spiral that is arranged on the vertical setting in the hopper, and awl spiral top has been horizontally disposed with one at least and has dialled the material hired roughneck.
Further, described classification drawing mechanism adopts the disc type screening plant, and the defective discharging opening that is provided with on the disc type screening plant comprises aniseed outlet and the particle outlet that is arranged on the same side; The aniseed outlet, qualified discharging opening and particle outlet are provided with successively from top to bottom.
The utility model contrast prior art, its beneficial effect is described below:
1) broken whole grain device adopts incorporate design, and particle device and apparatus for shaping are arranged on same internal body, adopts the shaping of two roller row cuttves simultaneously; After preliminary fragmentation, can carry out shaping to material particles fully; Can not cause particle packing, improve operating efficiency, reduce mechanical disorder; Safeguard simple, easy to use.
2) extruding is rolled the sheet device and through water cooling plant pressure roller is cooled; Under the prerequisite that guarantees work quality, prolonged the time of granulator continuous operation greatly, make the material that gets into pressure roller more even through dialling the material hired roughneck simultaneously; Cooperate the preliminary extruding emptying of awl spiral; Reduced the pneumatics ratio in the pressure roller, reasonable in design, simple in structure.
3) the disc type screening plant of classification drawing mechanism through being provided with carries out three grades of screenings to material particles, not only big material separated; And with broken end and separate small; Limit the quality of qualified particle from two ends simultaneously, improved product quality, can realize accurate control.
4) add the pulverizing mixing arrangement in the feeding device, can adapt to multiple original mixing, and oarse-grained preliminary pulverizing in the returning charge, improved raw material granularity and quality, make that the middle proportioning raw materials of finished product is more even, material particles content is more accurate.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the structural representation described in the utility model instance
Among the figure: frame 1, qualified discharging opening 2, body 3, hammer crushing cutter 4, particle screen cloth 5, roller row cutter 6; Shaping screen cloth 7, drive motors 8, grinder-mixer 9, bucket elevator 10, feeding device 11; Forced feed device 12, press-roller device 13, hydraulic means 14, water cooling plant 15, disc type screening plant 16; Aniseed outlet 17, particle outlet 18, hopper 1201, awl spiral 1202 is dialled material hired roughneck 1203
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with instance, the utility model is further described.
The utility model pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator comprises frame 1, is arranged on the feeding device of frame 1 one sides, and the extruding that is arranged on from top to bottom successively on the frame 1 is rolled the sheet device, broken whole grain device and classification drawing mechanism; The classification drawing mechanism comprises defective discharging opening and qualified discharging opening 2; The discharging opening of feeding device is connected with the feeding mouth that the sheet device is rolled in extruding.
Wherein, broken whole grain device comprises body 3, is arranged on particle device of being made up of the particle screen cloth 5 of hammer crushing cutter 4, U type in the body 3 and the apparatus for shaping of being made up of the shaping screen cloth 7 of roller row cutter 6, W type; Shaping screen cloth 7 is arranged on and connects particle screen cloth 5 belows that the sheet device is rolled in extruding, in the groove respectively correspondence be provided with roller row cutter 6, the groove below is connected with the classification drawing mechanism; Hammer crushing cutter 4 is arranged cutter 6 respectively by drive motors 8 transmissions with roller; The material that is extruded moulding is realized broken by hammer crushing cutter 4; And the particle screen cloth 5 of process U type enters into the shaping screen cloth 7 of W type; Respectively it is carried out in small, broken bits and shaping by two roller row cuttves 6, the phenomenon of solid accumulation can not occur, improved the quality of operating efficiency and shaping.
Feeding device comprises grinder-mixer 9 and bucket elevator 10; The discharging opening of grinder-mixer 9 is connected with the feeding mouth of bucket elevator 10, carries out feed after being used for raw material mixed, the uneven problem of material content in the product particle of having avoided forming; Connect the defective material outlet of classification drawing mechanism on the feeding mouth of grinder-mixer 9, can underproof particle be drained in the granulation flow process again and do over again.
Extruding is rolled the sheet device and is comprised dosing device 11, forced feed device 12 and press-roller device 13; Forced feed device 12 comprises hopper 1201 and the awl spiral 1202 that is arranged on the vertical setting in the hopper 1201, and awl spiral 1102 tops also have been horizontally disposed with one and have dialled material hired roughneck 1203, and it is example that present embodiment is dialled material hired roughneck 1203 with two; Press-roller device 13 is provided with and is used for pressure controlled hydraulic means 14 and the water cooling plant 15 that is used to cool off pressure roller; Raw material is sent in the hopper 1201 by dosing device 11; Advance dialling loose even back of 1203 groups of material hired roughnecks is then sent into by preliminary extruding of awl spiral 1202 and pressure and carries out extrusion modling in the press-roller device 13; Press-roller device 13 is regulated pressure by hydraulic means 14; Cool by 15 pairs of pressure rollers of water cooling plant, guarantee continuous operation and running.
The classification drawing mechanism adopts disc type screening plant 16; The defective discharging opening that is provided with on the disc type screening plant 16 comprises the aniseed outlet 17 and particle outlet 18 that is arranged on the same side, can underproof bulk particle and particle in small, broken bits be discharged to respectively in the grinder-mixer 9 to do over again; Aniseed outlet 17, qualified discharging opening 2 is provided with particle outlet 18 successively from top to bottom, and qualified material is exported from qualified discharging opening 2, and material screens accurately, the discharging quality better.

Claims (5)

1. pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator; Comprise frame; Be arranged on the feeding device of frame one side; And the extruding that is arranged on from top to bottom successively on the frame rolls the sheet device, broken whole grain device and the classification drawing mechanism that comprises defective discharging opening and qualified discharging opening, the discharging opening of feeding device with push the feeding mouth that rolls the sheet device and be connected; It is characterized in that the whole grain of described fragmentation device comprises body, is arranged on particle device and apparatus for shaping in the body; The particle device is made up of the particle screen cloth of hammer crushing cutter and U type; Apparatus for shaping is made up of the shaping screen cloth of roller row's cutter and W type; The shaping screen cloth is arranged on and connects the particle screen cloth below that the sheet device is rolled in extruding, in the groove respectively correspondence be provided with roller row cutter, the groove below is connected with the classification drawing mechanism; Hammer crushing cutter and roller row cutter are respectively by the drive motors transmission.
2. pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described feeding device comprises grinder-mixer and bucket elevator; The discharging opening of grinder-mixer is connected with the feeding mouth of bucket elevator, connects the aniseed outlet and the particle outlet of classification drawing mechanism on the feeding mouth.
3. pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described extruding is rolled the sheet device and comprised dosing device, forced feed device and press-roller device; Press-roller device is provided with the water cooling plant that is used for pressure controlled hydraulic means and is used to cool off pressure roller.
4. pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, described forced feed device comprises hopper and the awl spiral that is arranged on the vertical setting in the hopper, and awl spiral top has been horizontally disposed with one at least and has dialled the material hired roughneck.
5. pair roller type dry method Squeezinggranulator as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that; Described classification drawing mechanism adopts the disc type screening plant, and the defective discharging opening that is provided with on the disc type screening plant comprises aniseed outlet and the particle outlet that is arranged on the same side; The aniseed outlet, qualified discharging opening and particle outlet are provided with successively from top to bottom.
CN 201220129720 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 Counter-roller dry-method extrusion granulator CN202621118U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220129720 CN202621118U (en) 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 Counter-roller dry-method extrusion granulator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220129720 CN202621118U (en) 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 Counter-roller dry-method extrusion granulator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202621118U true CN202621118U (en) 2012-12-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220129720 CN202621118U (en) 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 Counter-roller dry-method extrusion granulator

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103495484A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN104162381A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-11-26 西安交通大学 Roller type squeezing granulator
CN104399738A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-03-11 安徽中科华炬环保科技有限公司 Fly ash smelting pre-treatment system and fly ash treating method
CN105413585A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-23 代建军 Vertical coaxial biomass crushing and forming integrated device
CN105688748A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-06-22 安徽颖达锌业发展有限公司 Circulation granulation equipment for zinc oxide
CN105709661A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-06-29 安徽颖达锌业发展有限公司 Cyclic pelleting system for zinc oxide
CN108176327A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-06-19 宜春万申制药机械有限公司 A kind of dry granulating machine
CN108857711A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-11-23 安徽乐农环保科技有限公司 A kind of burnishing device suitable for organic fertilizer particles
CN109476045A (en) * 2016-05-24 2019-03-15 韦伯斯菲尔信息技术及软件解决方案有限公司 Compacting machine
WO2019237834A1 (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-12-19 佛山市蓝之鲸科技有限公司 Ceramic powder extrusion granulating device

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103495484A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN103495484B (en) * 2013-10-22 2015-01-07 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN104162381A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-11-26 西安交通大学 Roller type squeezing granulator
CN104162381B (en) * 2014-08-13 2016-01-20 西安交通大学 A kind of roller extruder comminutor
CN104399738A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-03-11 安徽中科华炬环保科技有限公司 Fly ash smelting pre-treatment system and fly ash treating method
CN105413585A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-23 代建军 Vertical coaxial biomass crushing and forming integrated device
CN105709661A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-06-29 安徽颖达锌业发展有限公司 Cyclic pelleting system for zinc oxide
CN105688748A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-06-22 安徽颖达锌业发展有限公司 Circulation granulation equipment for zinc oxide
CN105688748B (en) * 2016-03-17 2018-03-30 安徽颖达锌业发展有限公司 One kind is used for zinc oxide circulating granulation device
CN105709661B (en) * 2016-03-17 2018-07-10 安徽颖达锌业发展有限公司 One kind is used to aoxidize Zinc form granulating system
CN109476045A (en) * 2016-05-24 2019-03-15 韦伯斯菲尔信息技术及软件解决方案有限公司 Compacting machine
CN108176327A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-06-19 宜春万申制药机械有限公司 A kind of dry granulating machine
CN108857711A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-11-23 安徽乐农环保科技有限公司 A kind of burnishing device suitable for organic fertilizer particles
WO2019237834A1 (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-12-19 佛山市蓝之鲸科技有限公司 Ceramic powder extrusion granulating device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121226

Termination date: 20130330

C17 Cessation of patent right