CN211801358U - High-efficient shredding device of solid waste - Google Patents

High-efficient shredding device of solid waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211801358U
CN211801358U CN202020307319.XU CN202020307319U CN211801358U CN 211801358 U CN211801358 U CN 211801358U CN 202020307319 U CN202020307319 U CN 202020307319U CN 211801358 U CN211801358 U CN 211801358U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
rubbish
coarse
driving motor
sieve
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CN202020307319.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒲光辉
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Sichuan Yilian Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Sichuan Yilian Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020307319.XU priority Critical patent/CN211801358U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a solid garbage high-efficiency crushing treatment device, which comprises a crushing box, wherein the crushing box is provided with a feed hopper and a discharge port, the bottom of the crushing box is provided with a crushing cylinder, a fine crushing mechanism is arranged in the crushing cylinder, an inclined sieve plate is connected between the crushing cylinder and the inner wall of the crushing box, a collecting chamber is arranged below the sieve plate, and a communicating hole is arranged between the collecting chamber and the crushing cylinder; the screen top is equipped with coarse crushing mechanism, is equipped with the stock guide directly over the crushing barrel, and the stock guide is used for leading the kibbling rubbish of coarse crushing mechanism water conservancy diversion to the screen. The utility model discloses simple structure, reasonable in design, convenient to use, rubbish carries out coarse crushing through coarse crushing mechanism, then screens out large granule rubbish and carries out shredding once more through fine crushing mechanism through the screening effect of sieve for rubbish is smashed more thoroughly, its great improvement the crushing quality of rubbish, improved the recovery quality of rubbish.

Description

High-efficient shredding device of solid waste
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of refuse treatment, concretely relates to high-efficient shredding device of solid waste.
Background
Garbage is an inevitable living product in daily life, a large amount of garbage is generated every day, and the garbage treatment naturally becomes an important work. If the garbage cannot be properly treated, the environment is polluted. However, if the garbage is properly utilized, the garbage can be changed into valuable, and domestic existing garbage treatment mainly comprises a landfill method, a composting method and a burning method, and although each method has own advantages, the defects are very obvious.
The existing solid garbage generally needs to be smashed in order to reduce the difficulty of recycling, and the existing garbage disposal device has poor smashing effect, insufficient smashing and low smashing efficiency, and brings great difficulty to recycling of the garbage.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the above-mentioned problem that prior art exists, the utility model aims to provide a high-efficient shredding device of solid waste, its rubbish is smashed thoroughly, great improvement the crushing quality of rubbish, improved the recovery quality of rubbish.
The utility model discloses the technical scheme who adopts does: a high-efficiency crushing treatment device for solid garbage comprises a crushing box, wherein the crushing box is provided with a feed hopper and a discharge port, the bottom of the crushing box is provided with a crushing barrel, a fine crushing mechanism is arranged in the crushing barrel, an inclined sieve plate is connected between the crushing barrel and the inner wall of the crushing box, a collecting chamber is arranged below the sieve plate, and a communicating hole is formed between the collecting chamber and the crushing barrel; the garbage crusher is characterized in that a coarse crushing mechanism is arranged above the sieve plate, a material guide plate is arranged right above the crushing barrel, and the material guide plate is used for guiding garbage crushed by the coarse crushing mechanism to the sieve plate.
Preferably, the material guide plate has an inverted V-shaped structure.
Preferably, the fine crushing mechanism comprises a first driving motor, a first rotating shaft is arranged at the output end of the first driving motor, and a first spiral blade is arranged on the first rotating shaft.
As a preferable mode, the fine crushing mechanism further comprises a second driving motor arranged side by side with the first driving motor, wherein a second rotating shaft is arranged at the output end of the second driving motor, and a second spiral blade is arranged on the second rotating shaft.
Preferably, the first and second motors are reversed in direction.
Preferably, the coarse crushing mechanism includes a pair of crushing rollers, and crushing teeth are uniformly arranged on the crushing rollers.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model provides a high-efficient shredding device of solid waste smashes bottom of the case portion and is equipped with the crushing barrel, is equipped with thin rubbing crusher in the crushing barrel, the crushing barrel with be connected with the sieve of slope between the inner wall of crushing case, the sieve top is equipped with coarse crushing mechanism. After the coarse crushing mechanism carries out coarse crushing to rubbish, the part drops on the stock guide, and the part drops on the sieve, and rubbish that drops on the stock guide landing to the sieve along the stock guide, the tiny particle rubbish on the sieve passes the sieve and gets into the collection room, and large granule rubbish slides along the sieve and falls into crushing cylinder in, carries out shredding by thin rubbing crusher mechanism. The utility model discloses simple structure, reasonable in design, convenient to use, rubbish carries out coarse crushing through coarse crushing mechanism, then screens out large granule rubbish and carries out shredding once more through fine crushing mechanism through the screening effect of sieve for rubbish is smashed more thoroughly, its great improvement the crushing quality of rubbish, improved the recovery quality of rubbish.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a solid waste high-efficiency crushing treatment device provided by the utility model;
in the figure: 1-crushing box; 2-a feed hopper; 3-discharging port; 4-a crushing cylinder; 5-sieve plate; 6-a collection chamber; 7-a communicating hole; 8-a material guide plate; 9-a first drive motor; 10-a first shaft; 11-a first helical blade; 12-a second drive motor; 13-a second shaft; 14-a second helical blade; 15-a crushing roller; 16-crushing teeth.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, this embodiment provides a high-efficient shredding device of solid waste, including smashing case 1, smash case 1 and be equipped with feeder hopper 2 and discharge gate 3, feeder hopper 2 sets up at smashing 1 tops of case, and discharge gate 3 sets up in smashing 1 bottoms of case, and solid waste gets into from feeder hopper 2, handles the back through smashing case 1 and discharges from discharge gate 3.
Smash 1 bottom of case and be equipped with crushing barrel 4, 4 open-tops of crushing barrel, crushing barrel 4 fixes the bottom surface intermediate position at crushing case 1, be equipped with fine rubbing crusher in crushing barrel 4, crushing barrel 4 with be connected with the sieve 5 of slope between the inner wall of crushing case 1, sieve 5 below is equipped with collection chamber 6, and collection chamber 6 bottom sets up discharge gate 3, and when rubbish slided on sieve 5, little granule rubbish passed sieve 5 and gets into collection chamber 6, and large granule rubbish slides along sieve 5 and gets into in crushing barrel 4, carries out shredding by fine rubbing crusher. A communicating hole 7 is arranged between the collecting chamber 6 and the crushing barrel 4, and garbage enters the collecting chamber 6 through the communicating hole 7 and is discharged through the discharge hole 3 after being crushed in the crushing barrel 4.
5 tops of sieve are equipped with coarse crushing mechanism, and coarse crushing mechanism is located feeder hopper 2 below, and coarse crushing mechanism carries out preliminary shredding to the rubbish of feeder hopper 2. A material guide plate 8 is arranged right above the crushing barrel 4, the material guide plate 8 is used for guiding garbage crushed by the coarse crushing mechanism to the sieve plate 5, the material guide plate 8 is fixed on the inner wall of the crushing box 1, and the material guide plate 8 is arranged between the coarse crushing mechanism and the sieve plate 5. After rubbish is handled through coarse rubbing crusher, on the guide plate 8 is fallen to the part, on the part falls sieve 5, the rubbish that falls on the guide plate 8 passes sieve 5 and gets into collection chamber 6 along guide plate 8 landing to sieve 5, and large granule rubbish is carried out shredding by fine rubbing crusher in 5 landing income crushing barrel 4 of sieve along the sieve in the little granule rubbish on the sieve 5 passes sieve 5.
The utility model discloses simple structure, reasonable in design, convenient to use, rubbish carries out coarse crushing through coarse crushing mechanism, then screens out large granule rubbish and carries out shredding once more through fine crushing mechanism through the screening effect of sieve 5 for rubbish is smashed more thoroughly, its great improvement the crushing quality of rubbish, improved the recovery quality of rubbish.
In one embodiment, the material guiding plate 8 is an inverted V-shaped structure, and the garbage falling onto the material guiding plate 8 slides down from two ends of the material guiding plate 8, and is screened by the screen plates 5 at two ends of the material guiding plate 8, so that the garbage disposal efficiency is improved.
In one embodiment, the fine crushing mechanism comprises a first driving motor 9, an output end of the first driving motor 9 is provided with a first rotating shaft 10, and the first rotating shaft 10 is provided with a first spiral blade 11. First driving motor 9 sets up in crushing case 1 bottom outside, and first pivot 10 stretches into crushing barrel 4, and first driving motor 9 drive first pivot 10 rotates, makes first helical blade 11 carry out shredding again to the rubbish in crushing barrel 4, through twice shredding, makes rubbish smash more thoroughly.
In an embodiment, the fine crushing mechanism further includes a second driving motor 12 arranged side by side with the first driving motor 9, an output end of the second driving motor 12 is provided with a second rotating shaft 13, and the second rotating shaft 13 is provided with a second spiral blade 14. First pivot 10 and second pivot 13 all stretch into crushing barrel 4, and first helical blade 11 and second helical blade 14 carry out shredding to the rubbish in crushing barrel 4 jointly, improve crushing efficiency.
In one embodiment, the first motor and the second motor are opposite in rotation direction, so that the first spiral blade 11 and the second spiral blade 14 cooperate with each other to perform the shearing and crushing treatment on the garbage.
In one embodiment, the coarse crushing mechanism comprises a pair of crushing rollers 15, crushing teeth 16 are uniformly arranged on the crushing rollers 15, the crushing rollers 15 are driven by a motor outside the crushing box 1, and the crushing teeth 16 of the pair of crushing rollers 15 are meshed with each other to realize coarse crushing treatment on the garbage.
The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned optional embodiments, and any other products in various forms can be obtained by anyone under the teaching of the present invention, and any changes in the shape or structure thereof, all the technical solutions falling within the scope of the present invention, are within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A high-efficiency crushing treatment device for solid garbage comprises a crushing box (1), wherein the crushing box (1) is provided with a feed hopper (2) and a discharge port (3), and is characterized in that the bottom of the crushing box (1) is provided with a crushing barrel (4), a fine crushing mechanism is arranged in the crushing barrel (4), an inclined sieve plate (5) is connected between the crushing barrel (4) and the inner wall of the crushing box (1), a collecting chamber (6) is arranged below the sieve plate (5), and a communication hole (7) is arranged between the collecting chamber (6) and the crushing barrel (4); the garbage crusher is characterized in that a coarse crushing mechanism is arranged above the sieve plate (5), a material guide plate (8) is arranged right above the crushing barrel (4), and the material guide plate (8) is used for guiding garbage crushed by the coarse crushing mechanism to the sieve plate (5).
2. The efficient solid waste crushing and processing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the material guide plate (8) is of an inverted V-shaped structure.
3. The efficient solid waste crushing treatment device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fine crushing mechanism comprises a first driving motor (9), the output end of the first driving motor (9) is provided with a first rotating shaft (10), and the first rotating shaft (10) is provided with a first spiral blade (11).
4. The efficient solid waste crushing treatment device according to claim 3, wherein the fine crushing mechanism further comprises a second driving motor (12) arranged side by side with the first driving motor (9), the output end of the second driving motor (12) is provided with a second rotating shaft (13), and the second rotating shaft (13) is provided with a second spiral blade (14).
5. The efficient solid waste crushing treatment device as claimed in claim 4, wherein the first driving motor and the second driving motor are opposite in rotation direction.
6. The efficient solid waste crushing treatment device according to the claim 1, characterized in that the coarse crushing mechanism comprises a pair of crushing rollers (15), and crushing teeth (16) are evenly arranged on the crushing rollers (15).
CN202020307319.XU 2020-03-12 2020-03-12 High-efficient shredding device of solid waste Active CN211801358U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020307319.XU CN211801358U (en) 2020-03-12 2020-03-12 High-efficient shredding device of solid waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020307319.XU CN211801358U (en) 2020-03-12 2020-03-12 High-efficient shredding device of solid waste

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211801358U true CN211801358U (en) 2020-10-30

Family

ID=73012625

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020307319.XU Active CN211801358U (en) 2020-03-12 2020-03-12 High-efficient shredding device of solid waste

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211801358U (en)

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